WO2016188126A1 - 冲浪式电动滑板车 - Google Patents

冲浪式电动滑板车 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016188126A1
WO2016188126A1 PCT/CN2016/071120 CN2016071120W WO2016188126A1 WO 2016188126 A1 WO2016188126 A1 WO 2016188126A1 CN 2016071120 W CN2016071120 W CN 2016071120W WO 2016188126 A1 WO2016188126 A1 WO 2016188126A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
wheel
pedal
electric scooter
bolt
mounting
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PCT/CN2016/071120
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
陆晓清
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常州千代车业有限公司
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Application filed by 常州千代车业有限公司 filed Critical 常州千代车业有限公司
Publication of WO2016188126A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016188126A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K1/00Unicycles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K11/00Motorcycles, engine-assisted cycles or motor scooters with one or two wheels
    • B62K11/007Automatic balancing machines with single main ground engaging wheel or coaxial wheels supporting a rider
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62MRIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR SINGLE-TRACK CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES
    • B62M11/00Transmissions characterised by the use of interengaging toothed wheels or frictionally-engaging wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62MRIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR SINGLE-TRACK CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES
    • B62M6/00Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles with additional source of power, e.g. combustion engine or electric motor
    • B62M6/40Rider propelled cycles with auxiliary electric motor
    • B62M6/45Control or actuating devices therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62MRIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR SINGLE-TRACK CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES
    • B62M6/00Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles with additional source of power, e.g. combustion engine or electric motor
    • B62M6/40Rider propelled cycles with auxiliary electric motor
    • B62M6/60Rider propelled cycles with auxiliary electric motor power-driven at axle parts
    • B62M6/65Rider propelled cycles with auxiliary electric motor power-driven at axle parts with axle and driving shaft arranged coaxially

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of balance car technology, in particular to a surf type electric scooter.
  • Electric balance car also known as body car, thinking car, camera car and so on. Its operating principle is mainly based on a basic principle called “Dynamic Stabilization", which uses the gyroscope and acceleration sensor inside the car body to detect the change of the car body posture, and uses the control system to accurately The ground drive wheel is adjusted accordingly to maintain the balance of the car body.
  • Dynamic Stabilization uses the gyroscope and acceleration sensor inside the car body to detect the change of the car body posture, and uses the control system to accurately The ground drive wheel is adjusted accordingly to maintain the balance of the car body.
  • the current electric balance car is divided into left and right double wheel type and unicycle type.
  • the body of the two-wheeled balance car includes a foot platform, a pole mounted in the middle of the pedal platform, and wheels mounted on the left and right sides of the pedal platform, and the driver moves his center of gravity to move forward and backward to make the body body Tilting before or after the phase, and then controlling the vehicle body to advance, decelerate, brake and retreat through the wheel, and swing the left and right sides of the steering rod to control the turning of the vehicle body through different rotation speeds and rotation directions of the left and right wheels.
  • the body of the unicycle balance car includes a wheel and a pedal disposed on both sides of the wheel.
  • the unicycle balance car also controls the car body to advance, decelerate, and brake by controlling the center of gravity of the driver to move forward and backward. Unlike the two-wheeled balance car, it is necessary to control the body balance by controlling the left and right movement of the center of gravity of the driver.
  • the existing two electric balance car wheels travel in the same direction as the person's upright walking direction, so the user must stand on the riding balance in the direction of riding when the user is riding, thus causing the rider to ride. It is difficult to maintain balance by controlling the center of gravity when the road surface is uneven and encounter obstacles, and it is impossible to control the balance of the center of gravity of the human body in the vehicle by adjusting the force between the foot and the balance car, and the balance car stalls at this time. The human body will fall off the car under the force of inertia and easily cause accidental injury. So existing It is difficult for the balance car to ride through the uneven road surface by the driver to effectively change the position of the person's center of gravity and overcome the obstacles on the road.
  • the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is that the existing balance car is difficult to ride on an uneven road surface by the driver to change the position of the center of gravity of the person, and overcome the road obstacle.
  • a surfing electric scooter comprising a vehicle body, a balance control unit and a battery unit, the vehicle body including a wheel and a pedal platform, and the wheel is installed in the middle of the pedal platform.
  • the forward direction of the wheel is parallel to the length direction of the pedal platform.
  • the front of the wheel of the pedal platform and the rear of the wheel are the pedal area.
  • the pedal platform includes a frame, an upper cover and a lower cover.
  • the frame consists of two longitudinal beams and two connections.
  • the beam of the root stringer is formed, the two longitudinal beams are located on the left and right sides of the wheel and are parallel to the length direction of the pedal platform, the wheel is mounted on the longitudinal beam, and the upper cover and the lower cover are respectively mounted on the top and bottom of the frame, balancing
  • the control unit and the battery unit are disposed in a cavity enclosed by the upper cover and the lower cover in the frame.
  • the wheel is further mounted on the longitudinal beam through the axle seat.
  • the wheel is a wheel motor wheel
  • the axle seat has a shaft hole.
  • the two ends of the wheel axle are installed in the shaft hole of the axle seat, and the axle seat is installed.
  • the bolts are mounted on the stringers.
  • the mounting plane between the axle seat and the longitudinal beam is parallel to the pedal platform, and the axle axle has two or more mounting bolts and corresponding mounting holes, and the longitudinal beam has an inner pair with the mounting hole The threaded bolt hole, the mounting bolt passes through the mounting hole and is screwed into the bolt hole, and a buffering member is disposed between the axle seat and the mounting plane of the longitudinal beam.
  • the cushioning member is a cushioning rubber ring, and the cushioning rubber ring is sleeved on the mounting bolt.
  • the cushioning member includes a cushion rubber ring and a rubber bolt, and the cushion rubber ring is sleeved on the mounting bolt, rubber The bolt is screwed into the bolt hole on the frame, and the connecting bolt with the rubber bolt is screwed on the axle seat.
  • the wheel is a hub motor wheel in the form of a wide tire, and the ratio of the width and the diameter of the tire of the wheel is 1:1 to 2.
  • the wheels of the hub motor are in the form of a narrow tire.
  • the surf electric scooter adopts the wheel motor wheel in the form of a wide tire, so that the body can be kept not dumped and wide without using a separate foot support.
  • the tire can better maintain the balance of the left and right direction during the balance car driving, reduce the driving difficulty and increase the driving pleasure.
  • the stringer is a profile, and a fixing seat for mounting the axle seat is fixed to the profile.
  • the upper cover is divided into a front upper cover located at the front of the wheel and a rear upper cover located at the rear of the wheel.
  • the front upper cover and the rear upper cover both include a base plate and a pedal, and a pedal switch button is mounted on the base plate, and the pedal is mounted on the base plate.
  • the pedal includes a bottom area around the pedal area and the pedal area, the pedal is mounted on the upper surface of the substrate by a pressure plate, the pressure plate is covered on the bottom edge of the pedal, and the bottom of the pedal area is fixed to the lining.
  • a working status indicator is mounted on the longitudinal beam of one side of the wheel.
  • the end cover is installed at both ends of the frame, and both end caps have a running indicator light, and the end cover also has a charging interface and a power switch, and the charging structure and the power switch are all located on the same end cover. Or on the two end caps.
  • the utility model has the beneficial effects that the surfing electric scooter has reasonable structure, is convenient for production and assembly, and has perfect human-computer interaction and is convenient for driving; the balance car increases the balance direction of the vehicle by changing the direction in which the human body stands on the balance car.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention
  • Figure 2 is an exploded view of the present invention
  • Figure 3 is a schematic structural view of a wheel mounting structure of the present invention.
  • Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view showing the mounting structure of the fixing base and the axle seat of the present invention.
  • a surf type electric scooter includes a vehicle body, a balance control unit 5 and a battery unit 6, the vehicle body including a wheel 1 and a foot platform 2, and the wheel 1 is mounted on the pedal In the middle of the platform 2, the advancing direction of the wheel 1 is parallel to the longitudinal direction of the pedal platform 2, the front of the wheel of the pedal platform 2 and the rear of the wheel are pedaling areas, the wheel 1 is driven by a motor, and the battery unit 6 is connected to the balance control unit 5.
  • the balance control unit 5 is connected to the motor to control the balance of the vehicle body so that the pedal platform 2 is perpendicular to the direction of gravity.
  • the foot platform 2 comprises a frame, an upper cover 23 and a lower cover 24.
  • the frame is composed of two longitudinal beams 3 and a cross beam 4 connecting the two longitudinal beams 3, and the two longitudinal beams 3 are located on the left and right sides of the wheel 1 and The length direction of the foot platform 2 is parallel, the wheel 1 is mounted on the longitudinal beam 3, and the upper cover 23 and the lower cover 24 are respectively mounted on the top and bottom of the frame, and the balance control unit 5 and the battery unit 6 are disposed in the frame.
  • the upper cover 23 and the lower cover 24 are enclosed in a cavity.
  • the wheel 1 is mounted on the longitudinal beam 3 via a wheel axle seat 7, the wheel 1 is a hub motor wheel, the axle seat 7 has a shaft hole, the wheel axles of the wheel 1 are mounted in the axle hole of the axle seat 7, and the axle axle 7 passes the mounting bolt 8 is mounted on the stringer 3.
  • the mounting plane between the axle seat 7 and the longitudinal beam 3 is parallel to the foot platform 2, on the axle axle 7 there are two or more mounting bolts 8 and corresponding mounting holes, which are paired with the mounting holes on the longitudinal beam 3
  • a bolt hole having an internal thread the mounting bolt 8 is inserted through the mounting hole and screwed into the bolt hole, and a buffer member is disposed between the axle seat 7 and the mounting plane of the longitudinal beam 3.
  • the cushioning member comprises a cushion rubber ring 9 and a rubber bolt 10, the buffer rubber ring 9 is sleeved on the mounting bolt 8, the rubber bolt 10 is screwed into the bolt hole on the frame, and the axle bolt 7 is mounted with a connecting bolt screwed to the rubber bolt 10 11.
  • the rubber bolt 10 is located inside the mounting bolt 8 and is close to the shaft hole of the axle seat 7.
  • the axle hole on the axle seat 7 and the axle of the wheel 1 are non-rotatingly fitted, and the axle axle has a limit screw 25 for limiting the axle by means of a top axle.
  • the wheel 1 is a hub motor wheel in the form of a wide tire, and the ratio of the width and the diameter of the tire of the wheel 1 is 1:1 to 2.
  • the tire of the hub motor wheel has a width of 5 to 7 inches and a diameter of 10 to 12 inches. Preferably, the ratio of the width and the diameter of the tire of the wheel 1 is 1:1.833.
  • the wheel of the hub motor wheel has a width of 6 inches and a diameter of 11 inches.
  • the tires are vacuum tires.
  • the longitudinal beam 3 is a profile, and a fixing seat 12 for mounting the axle seat 7 is fixed on the profile.
  • a reinforcing strip is inserted into the longitudinal beam 3, and the reinforcing strip is fixedly connected with the longitudinal beam 3 by bolts, and the bolt for fixing the reinforcing strip is fixed. On the seat 12.
  • the upper cover 23 is divided into a front upper cover located in front of the wheel 1 and a rear upper cover located behind the wheel 1.
  • the front upper cover and the rear upper cover both include a base plate 13 and a pedal 14, and the balance control unit 5 has a function for detecting a driver's balance
  • the pedal switch of the car is usually a photoelectric switch, so that the balance car starts to operate only after the driver gets on the vehicle, and the pedal switch button 15 of the pedal switch is mounted on the base plate 13, the pedal 14 It is mounted on the upper surface of the substrate 13.
  • the pedal 14 includes a footrest and a bottom edge around the pedal area, and the pedal 14 has a raised friction strip that increases friction.
  • the pedal 14 is mounted on the upper surface of the base plate 13 via a pressure plate 16, the pressure plate 16 is placed on the bottom edge of the pedal 14, and the bottom of the pedal area is fixed to the lining plate 17, which is used to make the driver's pedaling function more balanced.
  • the pedal switch button 15 improves the detection reliability of the pedal switch.
  • a working status indicator 18 is mounted on the side member 3 of one of the wheels 1. Both ends of the frame are equipped with an end cover 19, and both end covers 19 have a running indicator light 20, and the end cover 19 also has a charging interface 21 and a power switch 22, and the charging structure and the power switch 22 are located at the same One end cover 19; or two end covers 19, each having two mounting holes, one for mounting the charging interface 21 or the power switch 22 and the other for sealing with a rubber member.
  • the driving indicator light 20 is used to display the driving state of the balancing vehicle, and the driving indicator lights 20 in the forward direction and the backward direction respectively display different colors, and the driving indicator light 20 in the forward direction lights up when the balancing vehicle advances, in the backward direction.
  • the driving indicator light 20 lights up red when the balance car is retracted.
  • the circuit board of the driving indicator light is mounted in the form of a plug-in on the end beam of the frame, which is also a profile on which the slot for the driving indicator light is inserted.
  • the surfing electric scooter also known as the skateboard balance car
  • the balance car enters a standby state.
  • the driver can place the wheel 1 in parallel with the traveling direction, and the driver first stands on one of the front upper cover of the pedal platform 2 or the pedal 14 of the rear upper cover, and then the driver turns the other foot.
  • the pedal switch detects that both the driver's feet are stepping on the pedal platform, and the balance car starts to work in equilibrium, and the balance car starts to work and lifts the pedal platform.
  • the driver successfully stands on the vehicle, and the driver can control the balance car to the left by adjusting the left and right positions of the center of gravity between the legs. Move to the right, accelerate, and slow down.
  • the turning direction and the steering angle of the balance car are controlled by the front and rear shaking of the body. Just lift when you want to park Starting from the foot that controls the advancement, the pedal platform 2 will automatically lift and touch the ground, and the balance car will enter the state of being in the working state again.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Motorcycle And Bicycle Frame (AREA)

Abstract

一种冲浪式电动滑板车,包括车体、平衡控制单元(5)和电池单元(6),车体包括车轮(1)和脚踏平台(2),车轮(1)安装在脚踏平台(2)的中部,脚踏平台(2)包括车架、上盖(23)和下盖(24),车架由两根纵梁(3)和连接两根纵梁(3)的横梁(4)构成,两根纵梁(3)位于车轮(1)的左右两侧并与脚踏平台(2)的长度方向平行,车轮(1)安装在纵梁(3)上,平衡控制单元(5)和电池单元(6)设置在车架内的由上盖(23)和下盖(24)封闭的空腔内。该冲浪式电动滑板车结构合理,便于组装和驾驶;通过改变人体在滑板车上站立的方向,增加滑板车逾越障碍的能力,增加滑板车的操控性和越野性能,达到陆地冲浪的运动效果。

Description

冲浪式电动滑板车 技术领域
本发明涉及平衡车技术领域,特别是一种冲浪式电动滑板车。
背景技术
电动平衡车,又叫体感车、思维车、摄位车等。其运作原理主要是建立在一种被称为“动态稳定”(Dynamic Stabilization)的基本原理上,利用车体内部的陀螺仪和加速度传感器,来检测车体姿态的变化,并利用控制系统,精确地驱动车轮进行相应的调整,以保持车体的平衡。
目前的电动平衡车分为左右双轮式和独轮式。
双轮式平衡车的车体包括脚踏平台、安装在脚踏平台中间的扶杆和安装在脚踏平台左右两侧车轮,通过驾驶者控制自身重心向前和向后移动,使车体向前或相后倾斜,进而通过车轮控制车体前进、减速、刹车和后退,通过操作扶杆左右摆动,进而通过左右车轮不同的转速和旋转方向控制车体转弯。
独轮式平衡车的车体包括一个车轮和设置在车轮两侧的踏板,独轮式平衡车同样是通过驾驶者控制自身重心向前和向后移动,来控制控制车体前进、减速、刹车和后退,和双轮式平衡车不同的是,需要通过驾驶者控制自身重心的左右移动,来控制车体平衡。
现有的这两种电动平衡车车轮行进方向和人的直立行走方向一致,因此在使用者骑行时必须面对着骑行方向站立在所驾驶的平衡车上,这样造成了骑行者在骑行时很难在路面不平整和遇到障碍的时候通过控制重心保持平衡,也无法通过调整脚部与平衡车之间作用力来控制人体在车上的重心平衡,平衡车在这时候失速,人体会在惯性的作用力下摔下车,容易照成意外伤害。因此现有 的平衡车很难通过驾驶者有效的改变人体重心位置在不平整的路面骑行,逾越路面障碍。
发明内容
本发明所要解决的技术问题是:现有的平衡车很难通过驾驶者改变人体重心位置有效地在不平整的路面骑行,逾越路面障碍。
本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:一种冲浪式电动滑板车,包括车体、平衡控制单元和电池单元,车体包括车轮和脚踏平台,车轮安装在脚踏平台的中部,车轮的前进方向与脚踏平台的长度方向平行,脚踏平台的车轮前方和车轮后方为脚踏区域,脚踏平台包括车架、上盖和下盖,车架由两根纵梁和连接两根纵梁的横梁构成,两根纵梁位于车轮的左右两侧并与脚踏平台的长度方向平行,车轮安装在纵梁上,上盖和下盖分别安装在车架的顶部和底部,平衡控制单元和电池单元设置在车架内的由上盖和下盖封闭的空腔内。
为便于车轮的安装,进一步限定,车轮通过轮轴座安装在纵梁上,车轮为轮毂电机车轮,轮轴座上具有轴孔,车轮的轮轴两端安装在轮轴座的轴孔内,轮轴座通过安装螺栓安装在纵梁上。
进一步限定,轮轴座与纵梁之间的安装平面与脚踏平台平行,在轮轴座上具有两个或两个以上安装螺栓以及相应的安装孔,在纵梁上具有与安装孔配对的具有内螺纹的螺栓孔,安装螺栓穿过安装孔后拧入螺栓孔,在轮轴座与纵梁的安装平面之间设置缓冲件。
为了更好的隔离振动,增加驾驶舒适性,进一步限定,缓冲件为缓冲胶圈,缓冲胶圈套在安装螺栓上。
或者,缓冲件包括缓冲胶圈和橡胶螺栓,缓冲胶圈套在安装螺栓上,橡胶 螺栓拧入车架上的螺栓孔,轮轴座上安装有与橡胶螺栓螺纹连接的连接螺栓。
进一步限定,车轮为宽胎形式的轮毂电机车轮,车轮的轮胎的宽度和直径的比值为1:1~2。
在现有技术中,轮毂电机的车轮都是窄胎形式的,本冲浪式电动滑板车采用宽胎形式的轮毂电机车轮后,即使不使用单独的脚撑也能保持车体不倾倒,而且宽胎能够在平衡车行驶过程中更好的维持左右方向的平衡,降低驾驶难度,增加驾驶乐趣。
进一步限定,纵梁为型材,在型材上固定用于安装轮轴座的固定座。
进一步限定,上盖分为位于车轮前方的前上盖和位于车轮后方的后上盖,前上盖和后上盖都包括基板和踏板,在基板上安装有踏板开关按钮,踏板安装在基板的上表面。
进一步限定,踏板包括脚踏区和脚踏区四周的底边,踏板通过压板安装在基板的上表面,压板罩在踏板的底边上,踏板区的底部固定衬板。
为了使驾驶人员更加直观的了解平衡车的工作状态,进一步限定,车轮的其中一侧的纵梁上安装有工作状态指示灯。
进一步限定,车架的两个端部都安装有端盖,两个端盖上都具有行车指示灯,端盖上还具有充电接口和电源开关,充电结构和电源开关都位于同一个端盖上,或分别位于两个端盖上。
本发明的有益效果是:本冲浪式电动滑板车结构合理,便于生产组装,而且具有完善的人机交互,便于驾驶;本平衡车通过改变人体在平衡车上站立方向,增加平衡车逾越障碍的能力,增强驾驶者在车上的重心稳定性和重心移动的幅度,增加平衡车的操控性和越野能力,达到陆地冲浪的运动效果。
附图说明
下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明;
图1是本发明的整体结构示意图;
图2是本发明的爆炸图;
图3是本发明的车轮安装结构的结构示意图;
图4是本发明的固定座与轮轴座的安装结构的剖视图;
图中,1.车轮,2.脚踏平台,3.纵梁,4.横梁,5.平衡控制单元,6.电池单元,7.轮轴座,8.安装螺栓,9.缓冲胶圈,10.橡胶螺栓,11.连接螺栓,12.固定座,13.基板,14.踏板,15.踏板开关按钮,16.压板,17.衬板,18.工作状态指示灯,19.端盖,20.行车指示灯,21.充电接口,22.电源开关,23.上盖,24.下盖,25.限位螺钉。
具体实施方式
如图1、2、3和4所示,一种冲浪式电动滑板车,包括车体、平衡控制单元5和电池单元6,车体包括车轮1和脚踏平台2,车轮1安装在脚踏平台2的中部,车轮1的前进方向与脚踏平台2的长度方向平行,脚踏平台2的车轮前方和车轮后方为脚踏区域,车轮1通过电机驱动,电池单元6与平衡控制单元5连接,平衡控制单元5与电机连接,控制车体平衡,使脚踏平台2与重力方向垂直。
脚踏平台2包括车架、上盖23和下盖24,车架由两根纵梁3和连接两根纵梁3的横梁4构成,两根纵梁3位于车轮1的左右两侧并与脚踏平台2的长度方向平行,车轮1安装在纵梁3上,上盖23和下盖24分别安装在车架的顶部和底部,平衡控制单元5和电池单元6设置在车架内的由上盖23和下盖24封闭的空腔内。
车轮1通过轮轴座7安装在纵梁3上,车轮1为轮毂电机车轮,轮轴座7上具有轴孔,车轮1的轮轴两端安装在轮轴座7的轴孔内,轮轴座7通过安装螺栓8安装在纵梁3上。轮轴座7与纵梁3之间的安装平面与脚踏平台2平行,在轮轴座7上具有两个或两个以上安装螺栓8以及相应的安装孔,在纵梁3上具有与安装孔配对的具有内螺纹的螺栓孔,安装螺栓8穿过安装孔后拧入螺栓孔,在轮轴座7与纵梁3的安装平面之间设置缓冲件。缓冲件包括缓冲胶圈9和橡胶螺栓10,缓冲胶圈9套在安装螺栓8上,橡胶螺栓10拧入车架上的螺栓孔,轮轴座7上安装有与橡胶螺栓10螺纹连接的连接螺栓11。
橡胶螺栓10位于安装螺栓8的内侧,靠近轮轴座7的轴孔。
轮轴座7上的轴孔和车轮1的轮轴为非旋转配合,在轮轴座上还具有通过顶在轮轴上的方式对轮轴进行限位的限位螺钉25。
车轮1为宽胎形式的轮毂电机车轮,车轮1的轮胎的宽度和直径的比值为1:1~2。轮毂电机车轮的轮胎的宽度为5~7英寸,直径为10~12英寸,优选车轮1的轮胎的宽度和直径的比值为1:1.833。轮毂电机车轮的轮胎的宽度为6英寸,直径为11英寸。车胎为真空轮胎。
纵梁3为型材,在型材上固定用于安装轮轴座7的固定座12,在纵梁3内插装有加强条,加强条通过螺栓与纵梁3固定连接,固定加强条的螺栓位于固定座12上。
上盖23分为位于车轮1前方的前上盖和位于车轮1后方的后上盖,前上盖和后上盖都包括基板13和踏板14,平衡控制单元5具有用于检测驾驶人员上下平衡车的踏板开关,踏板开关通常为光电开关,使平衡车仅在驾驶人员上车后才开始进行动作,在基板13上安装有踏板开关的踏板开关按钮15,踏板14安 装在基板13的上表面。踏板14包括脚踏区和脚踏区四周的底边,踏板14上具有增加摩擦的凸出的摩擦条。踏板14通过压板16安装在基板13的上表面,压板16罩在踏板14的底边上,踏板区的底部固定衬板17,该衬板用于使驾驶人员的脚踏作用更均衡的作用在踏板开关按钮15,提高踏板开关的检测可靠性。
车轮1的其中一侧的纵梁3上安装有工作状态指示灯18。车架的两个端部都安装有端盖19,两个端盖19上都具有行车指示灯20,端盖19上还具有充电接口21和电源开关22,充电结构和电源开关22都位于同一个端盖19上;或者分别位于两个端盖19上,每个端盖上具有两个安装孔,其中一个用于安装充电接口21或电源开关22,另一个采用橡胶件封堵。行车指示灯20用于显示平衡车的行车状态,在前进方向和后退方向的行车指示灯20分别显示不同的颜色,在前进方向的行车指示灯20在平衡车前进时亮白灯,在后退方向的行车指示灯20在平衡车后退时亮红灯。行车指示灯的电路板通过插装的形式安装在车架的处于端部的横梁上,该横梁也为型材,在该横梁上具有插装行车指示灯的插槽。
本冲浪式电动滑板车又名滑板式平衡车的使用方法如下:当驾驶者打开本平衡车的电源开关22时,本平衡车就进入待工作状态状态。这时驾驶者可以把车轮1与行进方向平行放置,驾驶者的先将一只脚站立在脚踏平台2的前上盖或后上盖的踏板14上,然后,驾驶者将另一只脚踏上脚踏平台2另一头的上盖上,踏板开关检测到驾驶者的两只脚都踏到脚踏平台,这时本平衡车开始处于平衡工作状态,平衡车开始工作抬起脚踏平台2保持脚踏平台2平衡,并使得脚踏平台2与重力方向垂直,驾驶者成功站立到车上,这时驾驶者可以通过调整两腿之间的重心的左右位置控制本平衡车向左、向右运动、加速、减速。通过调整站立的重心高低和左右幅度来控制本平衡车通过行进方向上的障碍,通过身体的前后晃动控制本平衡车的转弯方向和转向的角度。当要停车时只要抬 起控制前进的脚,脚踏平台2会自动翘起并触地,本平衡车再次进入待工作状态状态。

Claims (11)

  1. 一种冲浪式电动滑板车,包括车体、平衡控制单元(5)和电池单元(6),其特征是:所述的车体包括车轮(1)和脚踏平台(2),车轮(1)安装在脚踏平台(2)的中部,车轮(1)的前进方向与脚踏平台(2)的长度方向平行,脚踏平台(2)的车轮前方和车轮后方为脚踏区域,
    脚踏平台(2)包括车架、上盖(23)和下盖(24),车架由两根纵梁(3)和连接两根纵梁(3)的横梁(4)构成,两根纵梁(3)位于车轮(1)的左右两侧并与脚踏平台(2)的长度方向平行,车轮(1)安装在纵梁(3)上,
    上盖(23)和下盖(24)分别安装在车架的顶部和底部,平衡控制单元(5)和电池单元(6)设置在车架内的由上盖(23)和下盖(24)封闭的空腔内。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的车轮(1)通过轮轴座(7)安装在纵梁(3)上,车轮(1)为轮毂电机车轮,轮轴座(7)上具有轴孔,车轮(1)的轮轴两端安装在轮轴座(7)的轴孔内,轮轴座(7)通过安装螺栓(8)安装在纵梁(3)上。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的轮轴座(7)与纵梁(3)之间的安装平面与脚踏平台(2)平行,在轮轴座(7)上具有两个或两个以上安装螺栓(8)以及相应的安装孔,在纵梁(3)上具有与安装孔配对的具有内螺纹的螺栓孔,安装螺栓(8)穿过安装孔后拧入螺栓孔,在轮轴座(7)与纵梁(3)的安装平面之间设置缓冲件。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的缓冲件为缓冲胶圈(9),缓冲胶圈(9)套在安装螺栓(8)上。
  5. 根据权利要求3所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的缓冲件包括缓冲胶圈(9)和橡胶螺栓(10),缓冲胶圈(9)套在安装螺栓(8)上,橡 胶螺栓(10)拧入车架上的螺栓孔,轮轴座(7)上安装有与橡胶螺栓(10)螺纹连接的连接螺栓(11)。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的车轮(1)为宽胎形式的轮毂电机车轮,车轮(1)的轮胎的宽度和直径的比值为1:1~2。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的纵梁(3)为型材,在型材上固定用于安装轮轴座(7)的固定座(12)。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的上盖(23)分为位于车轮(1)前方的前上盖和位于车轮(1)后方的后上盖,前上盖和后上盖都包括基板(13)和踏板(14),在基板(13)上安装有踏板开关按钮(15),踏板(14)安装在基板(13)的上表面。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的踏板(14)包括脚踏区和脚踏区四周的底边,踏板(14)通过压板(16)安装在基板(13)的上表面,压板(16)罩在踏板(14)的底边上,踏板区的底部固定衬板(17)。
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的车轮(1)的其中一侧的纵梁(3)上安装有工作状态指示灯(18)。
  11. 根据权利要求1所述的冲浪式电动滑板车,其特征是:所述的车架的两个端部都安装有端盖(19),两个端盖(19)上都具有行车指示灯(20),端盖(19)上还具有充电接口(21)和电源开关(22),充电结构和电源开关(22)都位于同一个端盖(19)上,或分别位于两个端盖(19)上。
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