WO2015159110A1 - Composition for organic-inorganic fertilization and biological rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, package for the composition and process for using thereof - Google Patents

Composition for organic-inorganic fertilization and biological rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, package for the composition and process for using thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2015159110A1
WO2015159110A1 PCT/HR2014/000024 HR2014000024W WO2015159110A1 WO 2015159110 A1 WO2015159110 A1 WO 2015159110A1 HR 2014000024 W HR2014000024 W HR 2014000024W WO 2015159110 A1 WO2015159110 A1 WO 2015159110A1
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Prior art keywords
mixture
rehabilitation
trees
plants
shrubs
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PCT/HR2014/000024
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French (fr)
Inventor
Darija BREITENBERGER
Maks UDOV
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Herbafarm-Magnolija D.O.O.
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with materials not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/0005Further uses of fertiliser, also the form in which it is presented, e.g. by englobed granules
    • C05G3/0052Further uses of fertiliser, also the form in which it is presented, e.g. by englobed granules in another manner
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G29/00Root feeders; Injecting fertilisers into the roots
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers

Abstract

Subject of the invention is a composition of the substrate mixture of organic-inorganic components and the packaging of the substrate, which is packed into a biodegradable bag, whose composition stimulates healthy plant growth and development of the root system and supplies plant with needed nutrients, drains soil, ensures the plant enough air for gas exchange in the root system, retains water and nutrients within reach of the plant, allows entry of air, organic material and useful microorganisms into the soil, restores soil fertility, enables evaporation of excess water from the soil of root system of the treated plant because it is in contact with the atmosphere. It effects the plant momentarily as well as in a longer period, it also effects faster growth and increment, but first of all it effects the root with, a smaller share of nitrogen that prevents rapid growth and allows a gradual, healthier growth starting from a healthy root. Besides, plants treated with the present mixture are greener, more resistant and more vital, less prone to diseases, have a healthy appearance; mixture promotes lush and longer flowering and fruiting, ensures longer presence of water and moisture in the soil (especially where there is no irrigation) and allows evaporation of excess water; it also effects the strengthening and recovery of the root system of the plant, causing the entire plant is progressing. Mixture contains expanded volcanic sand - perlite with granulation of up to 5 mm; white peat; natural manure processed by Californian worms; dehydrated manure; ground natural volcanic mineral zeolite with granulation of up to 5 mm; slow-release mineral fertilizer with magnesium oxide and microelements and mineral complex fertilizer based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Furthermore, this invention protects place and method of application of fertilization mixture during planting and biological rehabilitation of trees, shrubs, climbing plants, fruit trees, olive trees and vines, and that is embedment, perpendicular to the ground, in the drilled cylindrical pit in the root system zone of treated plants.

Description

COMPOSITION FOR ORGANIC-INORGANIC FERTILIZATION AND BIOLOGICAL REHABILITATION OF TREES, SHRUBS AND CLIMBING PLANTS, PACKAGE FOR THE COMPOSITION AND PROCESS FOR USING THEREOF

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to the mixtures of organic fertilizers with addition of inorganic fertilizer and other active components, and the procedure of application and use of this mixture in fertilization of newly planted plants and rehabilitating perennial trees, shrubs and climbing plants with lack of vitality.

TECHNICAL PROBLEM

Over the past 30 years, in the cities around the world began to appear a problem of insufficiently occurrence of natural humus in the green urban areas. This problem is more evident in recent years, because the green urban areas are increasingly exposed to intensive greenery maintenance, and the lack of humus lasts longer and impoverishes the existing soil. The mowed grass is eliminated from the green urban areas, as well as leaves that fall to the ground. It leads to a situation where new humus on these surfaces is no longer produced and the soil becomes more and more compact and poor in nutrients. The good microorganisms and mycorrhizal fungi disappear from soil which enables the anaerobic microorganisms that cause rot and various diseases to spread.

Equally, in the cities occurs the problem of lack of good quality fertile soil. During the excavation of foundation and the basements of new buildings, oodles of bad, barren soil, with mostly clay-loam structure with bad water-to-air ratio, are incorporated in soil of the urban green areas. Such poor soil suffocates plants and impairs their growth and development.

As construction companies seek the way to reduce costs associated with greening, they use insufficient quantities of good quality humus. Planting pits are usually filled with inadequate quantity of low-quality humus. Growing, the plant root reaches the edge of planting pit, it feels that there is poor soil without nutrients and turns back into the planting pit, and then we, the experts, diagnose that the scion has not taken root. In such planting pits there is often soil that smells rotten due to lack of oxygen in the soil and bad water-to air ratio in the soil. As a result of such treatment, in most newly constructed buildings, plants do not thrive well, they lose vitality, get ill and eventually die. The present invention in a first place solves the problem of successful planting and survival of plants in soils with lack of natural humus. This invention enables plants that are planted in soil of such kind to obtain much-needed nutrients, strengthen roots and spread them quickly and efficiently into the surrounding soil. The present invention also solves the problem of trees whose stability is threatened by tilting, damaging or cutting off of the root parts on one side. Such trees are usually removed or secured by anchors, which is quite an expensive procedure. The present invention enables the stabilization of such trees in the period of several years, because it encourages the growth of young roots, resulting with recovering of the lost parts of roots and, in addition, bringing oxygen into the soil has a positive effect on the health of the root, inhibiting pathogenic microorganisms. Furthermore, the former substrates that were by hoes interred around the tree to feed the roots, had primary task in orcharding to induce production of flowers and fruit. In substrates like these, nutrients are quickly rinsed into the deeper layers of soil, they enter the groundwater system and pollute it.

Composition of mixture of the present invention is directed towards the strengthening of the root and encouraging its growth, more successful rooting of plants and enhancing their vitality, especially in the way that certain components in the mixture for nutrition, which are part of this invention, have the function to absorb and bind nutrients from mixtures, thereby preventing and slowing the rinsing of nutrients into the soil, thus ensuring the availability of nutrients for the root system over a longer period of time.

Besides, the present invention solves the problem of providing air for gas exchange in the root system by means of porous substrates with water retention capacity in such a way that, when the substrate is completely water-soaked, all the used gases are forced out into the atmosphere. When the substrate loses water by drying up, the fresh air from the atmosphere takes its place, which ensures gas exchange in the planting pit filled with our biodegradable bag every time it rains, or during irrigation. The present invention also enables evaporation of excess water from the soil of root system of treated trees and shrubs, primarily coniferous plants that are very sensitive to excess water. Excess water evaporates through the porous material of our substrate, because the top part of the bag is located at ground level, in contact with the atmosphere. Furthermore, the present invention solves the problem of groundwater pollution, for mineral components of the substrate bind nutrient molecules and molecules of mineral based fertilizers, which prevents their leaching into the deeper layers of the soil and groundwater.

In urban parks there is a problem of drying and decaying of trees and shrubs in consequence of intensive maintenance of parks and greenery. Frequent lawn mowing and removal of green leaf plants from the green areas cause chronic lack of humus and discontinuance in humus forming in such areas. With a load of acid rain pollution, the constant trampling and soil compaction, the activities of useful mycorrhizal fungi and good microorganisms in the soil disappear. The soil is colonized by various pathogenic microorganisms that cause rot and decay of parts of the roots and ultimately, owing to the lack of oxygen and nutrients, the plants weaken and dry. The present invention also solves the problem of reinforced nutrition of old and valuable, but low-vitality trees in tree avenues that we want to protect and provide with indispensible vitality. Furthermore, this invention also solves a problem of revitalization - recovery of trees in the existing tree avenues and parks, which are due to physiological weakening and the lack of nutrients subject of diseases and pest attacks. Other problems to be solved by the present invention are:

1. Given that substrates are not adequately packed there is an application problem, because bulk materials are difficult and unhygienic to handle, particularly because of posibillity of being blown by the wind during application.

2. In case of wet / rainy weather, due to inadequate packaging (open), the use is not hygienic. PRIOR ART

The inventor has knowledge of particular inventions protected by the patents for various mixtures for organic and inorganic fertilizers for reinforced nutrition through the root system, particularly for increasing the fertility of fruit trees, agricultural or vegetable crops. These inventions didn't solve the problem of reinforced nutrition and biological rehabilitation of trees or shrubs in parks, where the priority is stimulation of healthy growth, richness and recovery of poorly growing units. Former patented inventions didn't simultaneously solve the problem of providing air for gas exchange in the root system and the issue of slow-releasing complex fertilizer with water retention capacity. Patented inventions solved in general only one of these problems. According to executed prior art search, the inventor doesn't have knowledge of existing patents or products in the world that would reveal substrates/mixtures of stated characteristics, or any procedures for application of such substrates/mixtures, weather in the planting procedure or procedure of reinforced nutrition or bio recovery of plants. Based on executed search of patent databases PATENTOSCOPE, USPTO Patent Database and ESPACENET, similar existing patents or patent applications have not been found.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

The inventors have spent many years of practical research through everyday skilled work in horticulture. Over time, the inventors have changed composition of mixture by adding or taking away certain components of the mixture, adapting mixture to plant species and trying out using procedures, as long as they achieved ideal mixture which showed the best results so far, relating to other substrates for reinforced nutrition of plants. The inventors have also, as the proof of quality composition of mixture, ordered analysis of composition at the Faculty of Agriculture in Zagreb, Department of plant nutrition, and received a report that confirmed quality composition dated 20.01.2014. The present invention consists of three essentiall inseparable parts that make this invention unique: 1. Substrate composition - mixture of nutrients, fertilizers and other substances, which nourishes the root of the plant, stimulates the growth and rooting and gives the beneficial bacteria a place to live; it enables gas exchange in the substrate, bind nutrients end prevent them from being leached into the deeper layers of soil, i. e. ground waters. Owing to its porous structure, substrate enables gas exchange and evaporation of excess water in the soil of root system of the treated plant. Unique composition of the present mixture replaces several different packages of various substrates which, when mixed together, have better synergy effect.

2. Substrate packaging - enables unique method of application- mixture is packed in biodegradable bags of cylindrical shape which, when filled with the substrate, is tied up with biodegradable string. The bag height is 20 to 60 cm (usually 40 cm), diameter is 14 cm, so that it can be easily tuck in the hole in the ground, which is drilled by bore, and the bag is embedded vertically into the soil.

3. Place and method of application - cylindrical bags are embedded in soil in a way that one or more hole is drilled with auger of 5-25 cm in diameter (usually 15 cm) in the root zone of the treated tree, where the hole depth is the same as the bag height. A bag is embedded in such hole, and the bag opening is tied with string and faced down in a way that bottom of the bag stays visible, in the level of surrounding ground, in the contact with the atmosphere, therefore, to allow exchange of gases in the hole containing bag.

Mixture which is subject of the present invention and its using procedure is characterized by following attributes:

- stimulates healthy plant growth and development of the root system and supplies plant with needed nutrients

- drains soil, ensures the plant enough air for gas exchange in the root system, retains water and nutrients within reach of the plant, - restores soil fertility by allowing entry of air, organic materia and useful microorganisms into the soil,

- It's composition effects the plant momentarily as well as in a longer period,

- it effects faster growth and increment of the plant, but first of all it effects the root with a smaller share of nitrogen that prevents rapid growth and allows a gradual, healthier growth, starting from a healthy root.

- plants treated with the present mixture are greener, more resistant and more vital, less prone to diseases, have a healthy appearance;

- mixture promotes lush and longer flowering and fruiting,

- ensures longer presence of water and moisture in the soil (especially where there is no irrigation)

- Helps against soil compaction which is common in gardens and parks

- it also effects the strengthening and recovery of the root system of the plant, causing the entire plant is progressing.

- Owing to its porous structure, substrate enables gas exchange and evaporation of excess water in the soil of root system of the treated plant. In short, with its nourishing properties (very rich in humic acids), the present mixture is characterized by an extraordinary ability of drainage, improves water-to-air ratio (retains moisture and has a good air and water capacity), ensures gas exchange in the soil and stimulates microbial activity of the soil, while carefully defined mineral-organic composition of this mixture provides immediate and long lasting effect. All the above listed characteristics are realized by mixing of the following ingredients parts:

The organic component of the mixture - dehydrated equine and bovine manure or dehydrated chicken manure, earthworm castings or natural manure processed by Californian worms, possesses nutritional properties, which supply plant with humic and fulvic acids, necessary for the growth and development of plants; improves soil structure, stimulates exuberant microbial activity of the soil; contains all the necessary trace elements for plant growth; enables a long-term air and nutrient supplies to the root; promotes the vegetative growth increase of the plants. The organic component of the mixture - white peat - slightly lowers the pH of the soil, improves looseness of the substrate which provides organic matter in the substrate. Improves water regime, air permeability of the soil and lowers the pH of alkaline soil.

The mineral component of the mixture (slow-release fertilizer and NPK) have a high content of nutrients in an accessible and easily adoptable form; contain biogenic elements and trace elements that are essential for the growth and development of plants; slowly releasing fertilizers slowly dissolve in the soil for several months, and evenly fertilize the plant, without the risk of overdose.

Zeolite as a soil improver, improves the physical, chemical and biological activity of the soil. Zeolite absorbs nutrients contained in the mixture of the substrate so that only a small amount of nutrients is leached into the soil, as it remains tied in Zeolite crystal structure. This reduces the nutrient load to the groundwater and nutrients stay longer available to plants through the roots. Zeolite in its crystal structure also binds water molecules, so that the water stays longer within reach of the plant.

This mixture has a very small share of nitrogen and a large share of phosphorus and potassium. This means that it will encourage the growth of the root system and its health, and thus better absorption of nutrients from the mixture, as well as flowering and fruiting.

Hydro accumulation material (expanded volcanic sand - perlite) has a high ability of air accumulation (approx. 50% of the volume), high water retention capacity (approx. 50% of the volume), high ability of absorption of dissolved nutrients and slow and evenly releasing of moisture and stored solutes, it has function of loosening and drainage, does not spoil and is chemically neutral.

Mixture which is subject of the present invention is rich in phosphorus and potassium and contains little nitrogen which promotes root growth, better rooting of plants, and thus vitality. Important components of a mixture are perlite and zeolite, having a function to absorb and bind nutrients and water from the mixture, so that nutrients stay longer bond at the spot of application and available to the root system, and thus also prevents uncontrolled leaching of nutrients into the deeper layers of the soil. This is a natural and inexpensive way to provide long-term slowly releasing fertilizer.

The using procedure of the mixture is carried out in a way that the mixture is packed in biodegradable bag of cylindrical shape. The bag opening is tied with biodegradable string, and the bag filled with the mixture, which is subject of the present invention, is vertically embedded in soil with tied end facing down, and the bottom of the bag stays in the level of surrounding ground, in the contact with the atmosphere, and then covered up with soil. When the rain falls, water soaks the bag and its contents, and displaces out the old and wasted air. As the soil absorbs water, the water is withdrawn from the bag, and the fresh air from the environment takes its place, which enables the root system of plant to be well drained and well supplied with oxygen. Equally, the mixture which is subject of the invention has the function to stimulate the growth and steers the growth of the root system. When the plants are planted in poor soil, especially those from the excavation for foundations or basements in urban conditions, or are planted in the classic way by adding a mixture of humus in the planting pit, then the plant roots in search of nutrients come to the edge of planting pit, realize that the pit has more nutrients than the environment, and don't spread into the surrounding soil, but interlaces inside the planting pit.

The plant is not progressing for years, and when we remove it, we see that its root has not ingrown into the surrounding soil. This problem is solved by the mixture which is subject of the invention, packed into biodegradable bags. They are embedded in the ground within a radius of tree crown or slightly wider. As the nutrients slowly penetrate in soil from the bags filled with the mixture, the plant root feels them and starts growing towards them. With an abundance of phosphorus, root expands, strengthens and deeply penetrates into the surrounding soil, and that's when we say that the plant is grown together with the surrounding soil. The plant recovers quickly and compensates poor growth from the past. In case that stability of tree is threatened by tilting, damaging or cutting off of the root parts on one side, we can easily fix the situation, what without our bag, until now, wasn't possible. The tree was usually marked for felling and removed. Embedding a few bags at the vulnerable side of the tree and tree anchoring encourage the growth of young roots that stabilize the tree, make up the lost parts of roots, and nutrients with beneficial bacteria, that are a component of the mixture, and the introduction of oxygen into the soil, make a positive effect on the health of the root and inhibit pathogenic microorganisms.

There are no known alternatives to the system of biological rehabilitation of trees as presented in this invention.

Most of the substrates currently available on the market provide only partial or doubtful results and time being huge supply of various substrates provided on the market makes it very difficult to cope with to an average customer. Customers usually possess very little experience and insufficient expertise so they usually select inadequate product regarding the price or according to the advice of the salesman which in turn often results in unsatisfactory results of the given substrate, because buyer in most cases doesn't know what he is looking for and due to insufficient education of the seller. These are the reasons why the substrate with a complete visible and long-term effect on the plant growth is necessary to be on the market. Mixture that is subject of the present invention is an ideal solution for a person who is engaged in planting and maintenance of greenery in parks. Such person doesn't have to worry about choosing a nutrient substrate or more of them, because this mixture in biodegradable bag gives concrete results, the packaging is smaller, clean during installation and easy to use. The majority of substrates for planting come in large packaging of 40-80 litres. Often, a certain quantity of the substrate remains excessive and bothers customer. Biodegradable bags in which this mixture is packed usually contain 6 litres of the mixture, and their mass is mostly 3,40 kg One pack is enough for planting a shrub, two to four for planting a tree, depending on the scion size. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings, which are included in the description, illustrate the best way to carry out the invention and help to explain the basic principles of the invention. Figure 1. Using procedure of the mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization of a newly planted tree, shrub or climbing plant.

Figure 2. Using procedure of the mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization of existing tree, shrub or climbing plant.

A LIST OF REFERENCE SIGNS USED IN THE DRAWINGS

1. Tree scion

2. Mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization in biodegradable bag

3. Root bundle

4. Excavation soil

5. Mulch/ chaff/ crushed stone

6. Planting pit, dimension 40x40x60 cm

7. Existing tree

8. Root system

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF AT LEAST ONE WAY OF CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

In a mixer suitable for mixing the components (ie. concrete mixer) that make up composition of the mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, are placed the following components to produce 100 kg of a mixture:

- 16,00 kg of Expanded volcanic sand - perlite, granulation of up to 5 mm - 43,00 kg of white peat

- 15 kg of manure processed by Californian worms

- 8,00 kg of dehydrated equine manure

- 15,00 kg of ground natural volcanic mineral zeolite with granulation of up to 5 mm

- 1 ,50 kg of slow-release mineral fertilizer with magnesium oxide and microelements

- 1,50 kg of mineral complex fertilizer based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

The mixture is stirred in the mixer for 5-10 minutes. The mixture obtained in a described way is filled to the brim in biodegradable bags made of jute, which are then closed on the upper side with the jute twine. Biodegradable bags, which are 40 cm long with diameter hole of 14 cm, are sewn from jute fabric. Volume of a biodegradable bag is 6,0 litres of substrate, or converted into kilogrammes, 3,43 kg of substrate in dry condition. Afterwards, the jute bags filled with the substrate are packed in the nylon bags and then vacuumed up, labelled, placed on pallets, wrapped with protective foil and ready for transport. In another embodiment biodegradable bag can be made of biodegradable geotextile fabric. In one embodiment biodegradable bag can be made of hemp. In another embodiment biodegradable bag can be made of linen. In another embodiment biodegradable bag can be made of cotton. In another embodiment a binding twine is made of linen. In one embodiment a binding twine is made of hemp. In another embodiment a binding twine is made of cotton thread. In another embodiment is biodegradable bag glued with biodegradable glue. In one embodiment is upper end of the biodegradable bag closed in thermic procedure.

In case that mixture is used when planting new scions, first thing that should be done is digging the planting pit (6); dimensions of the pit depend on type and size of a tree scion (1). For planting a shrub, dimensions of the planting pit are from 40x40x40 cm up to 60x60x60 cm, and for planting a tree, dimensions are 60x60x60 cm up to 100x100x100 cm. For a shrub is used one biodegradable bag (1), and for a tree two bags, which are placed opposite to each other, as shown in Figure 1. If it comes to planting trees in extremely poor, compacted soil, it is recommended, next to two previously mentioned biodegradable bags, to embed total of 4 bags in a wider band, to encourage roots to spread in such an unfavourable soil. The bag is placed into the planting pit which is approximately 20 cm away from the scion root (3), shrub root, tree root or root system (8). Biodegradable bag (2) is vertically embedded in soil, in the upper part of excavation - if it comes to a deeper planting pit, as for Example for a tree or bigger shrubs, facing down (tied end facing down in the level of surrounding ground, in the contact with the atmosphere, and shouldn't be covered with soil because it must remain in constant contact with the air. Planting pit is covered up with the rest of excavation soil (4), or if it comes to a bad, low quality soil, it is desirable to replace the soil and add bulk, sand structure soil. The soil around the bag and root bundle should be pressed. In case that mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization is used for rehabilitation of existing poor vitality trees, shrubs, climbing plants, fruits, olives and vines, first it is necessary, with a metal stick, to investigate the location and extent of the existing root system, especially if they are older and larger trees that has more branched root system. Then is determined the location of drilling on the peripheral (edge) part of the root system, and the peripheral part of the crown, if it is observed overground part of a tree. It takes two to eight holes to drill, opposite one another. A hole is typically drilled using a drill that is measuring 40cm in length and 15cm in diameter. After the drilling, in a hole is embedded a biodegradable bag (2) faced down (tied end facing down) as shown in Figure 2. Biodegradable bag shouldn't be covered with soil. After the biodegradable bag is embedded and the planting pit is covered with soil, the pot surface is covered with natural tree-bark mulch (5), humus or compost, wood chips or crushed stone 5-7cm of thickness, to prevent the growth of grass and weeds around the plant. Depending on the health status and the size of the existing ornamental tree, fruit tree, olive tree or vine, it is necessary to drill even more holes and embed up to eight biodegradable bags.

Claims

PATENT CLAIMS
1. Mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, characterized in that it consists of following components:
- Expanded volcanic sand - perlite in the range from 2,00 up to 3,00 mass percent
- White peat in the range from 25.00 to 30.00 mass percent
- natural manure processed by Californian worms in the range from 15,00 up to 20,00 mass percent
- dehydrated equine manure in the range from 10,00 up to 15,00 mass percent
- Ground natural volcanic mineral zeolite in the range of 30,00 up to 35,00 mass percent
- Slow-release mineral fertilizer with magnesium oxide and microelements in the range of 2,00 up to 3,00 mass percent
- complex mineral fertilizer based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the range of 2,00 up to 3,00 mass percent
in relation to the total mass of the mixture, which mixture is filled into biodegradable bags whose upper end is closed up with biodegradable material
2. Mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, as claimed in claim 1 , characterized in that the upper side of biodegradable bag is closed up with the bio textile yarn.
3. Mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, as claimed in claim 1 , characterized in that the upper side of biodegradable bag is closed up with the biodegradable glue.
4. Mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, as claimed in claim 1 , characterized in that the upper side of biodegradable bag is closed up in thermal procedure.
5. The using procedure of mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, as claimed in claim 1 , characterized in that the named mixture, packed into biodegradable bags, embeds in previously drilled hole close to the root in vertical position in a way that upper end of biodegradable bag remains in the level of terrain.
6. The using procedure of mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, and rehabilitation of existing plants, as claimed in claims 2, 3 or 4, characterized in that the named mixture, packed into biodegradable bags, embeds in previously drilled hole close to the root in vertical position in a way that upper end of biodegradable bag remains in the level of terrain.
7. The using procedure of mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, and rehabilitation of existing plants, as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the location, where the upper end of biodegradable bag is embedded, is covered with mulch.
8. The using procedure of mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, and rehabilitation of existing plants, as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the location, where the upper end of biodegradable bag is embedded, is covered with mulch.
9. The using procedure of mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, and rehabilitation of existing plants, as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the mixture, packed in biodegradable bags, on the occasion of planting, is embedded on the edge of the planting pit in vertical position in a way that the upper end of biodegradable bag is in the level of terrain.
10. The using procedure of mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, and rehabilitation of existing plants, as claimed in claims 2, 3 or 4, characterized in that the mixture, packed in biodegradable bags, on the occasion of planting, is embedded on the edge of the planting pit in vertical position in a way that the upper end of biodegradable bag is in the level of terrain.
11 . The using procedure of mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, and rehabilitation of existing plants, as claimed in claim 9, characterized in that the upper end of biodegradable bag is covered with mulch
12. The using procedure of mixture for combined organic-inorganic fertilization and rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, and rehabilitation of existing plants, as claimed in claim 10, characterized in that the upper end of biodegradable bag is covered with mulch
PCT/HR2014/000024 2014-04-16 2014-06-18 Composition for organic-inorganic fertilization and biological rehabilitation of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, package for the composition and process for using thereof WO2015159110A1 (en)

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CN105557164A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Slow release method for forest fertilizer nutrients

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