WO2015096182A1 - Intelligent home control system and control method - Google Patents

Intelligent home control system and control method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2015096182A1
WO2015096182A1 PCT/CN2014/000198 CN2014000198W WO2015096182A1 WO 2015096182 A1 WO2015096182 A1 WO 2015096182A1 CN 2014000198 W CN2014000198 W CN 2014000198W WO 2015096182 A1 WO2015096182 A1 WO 2015096182A1
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Prior art keywords
control
wireless router
gateway
electrical equipment
circuit
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PCT/CN2014/000198
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦兵
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宁波江北博泰电子科技有限公司
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Priority claimed from CN201310731146.9 external-priority
Application filed by 宁波江北博泰电子科技有限公司 filed Critical 宁波江北博泰电子科技有限公司
Publication of WO2015096182A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015096182A1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0423Input/output
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/23Pc programming
    • G05B2219/23297Remote load of program with cellular, wireless, satellite connection
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/25Pc structure of the system
    • G05B2219/25167Receive commands through mobile telephone
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/26Pc applications
    • G05B2219/2642Domotique, domestic, home control, automation, smart house
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C2201/00Transmission systems of control signals via wireless link
    • G08C2201/40Remote control systems using repeaters, converters, gateways
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C2201/00Transmission systems of control signals via wireless link
    • G08C2201/50Receiving or transmitting feedback, e.g. replies, status updates, acknowledgements, from the controlled devices

Abstract

An intelligent home control system, comprising home electrical equipment, characterized in that the system further comprises: a control terminal (1) which can send a control signal for controlling the operating state of the home electrical equipment; a wireless router (2), the control terminal (1) being connected to the wireless router (2) via a wireless network; a gateway (3) which is connected to the wireless router (2), the wireless router (2) forwarding, to the gateway (3), the control signal sent from the control terminal (1), wherein the gateway (3) comprises an MCU circuit (31) for identifying and decoding the control signal sent from the control terminal (1) and a first radio-frequency transceiving module (32) connected to the MCU circuit (31) and used for performing wireless radio-frequency sending on the decoded control signal; and the home electrical equipment is installed with a second radio frequency transceiving module which can receive the control signal sent from the first radio frequency transceiving module (32). The system has a low constitution cost and is economical and applicable.

Description

一种智能家居控制系统及控制方法  Intelligent home control system and control method
技术领域 Technical field
本发明涉及一种智能家居控制系统及控制方法。 背景技术  The invention relates to a smart home control system and a control method. Background technique
在智能手机及其他智能移动终端普及后, 各种智能家居系统孕育而生, 方便了大众 的起居生活。  After the popularity of smart phones and other smart mobile terminals, various smart home systems have emerged, which is convenient for the public's living.
但大多数智能家居控制系统, 价格贵, 操作复杂, 让普通消费者望而生畏。 其原因 在于, 设计者将家居生活中许多简单的要求通过复杂的技术来实现了。 目前的智能家居 系统大都采用 WIFI、 ZigBee、 Bluetooth, KNX、 X10等技术来实现, 这类技术都是由 产业联盟或利益集团制定了复杂而庞大的协议, 导致这些技术的使用芯片制程复杂, 成 本高昂, 适合使用在大数据无线传输, 或高保密数据传输。 当每一个用电设备上都置入 一个这类技术的模块电路, 必然导致整个系统价格高昂, 并且单一控制动作实现需要重 重协议的审核, 也必然造成操作复杂。  However, most smart home control systems are expensive and complex to operate, making ordinary consumers daunting. The reason is that designers implement many simple requirements in their home life through complex techniques. Most of today's smart home systems are implemented using technologies such as WIFI, ZigBee, Bluetooth, KNX, and X10. These technologies are developed by industry alliances or interest groups to create complex and large protocols, resulting in complex chip processing costs and cost. High, suitable for use in big data wireless transmission, or high security data transmission. When a modular circuit of this type of technology is placed on each electrical device, the entire system is inevitably expensive, and the implementation of a single control action requires a review of the protocol, which inevitably results in complicated operations.
多数家居生活中的用电设备控制只是简单的 ON与 OFF, 或调光、调速等动作, 而 且也不需要极高的保密操作等级, 数据的传输速率要求也不高于 10Kbit/S, WIFK ZigBee、 Bluetooth, KNX、 X10等技术的无线传输速率远大于这个要求, 所以技术上的 浪费使用就导致了产品价格的昂贵与操作的复杂。 发明内容  The control of electrical equipment in most home life is simply ON and OFF, or dimming, speed control, etc., and does not require a very high level of confidential operation. The data transmission rate requirement is not higher than 10Kbit/S, WIFK. The wireless transmission rate of technologies such as ZigBee, Bluetooth, KNX, and X10 is much larger than this requirement, so the technical wasteful use leads to expensive products and complicated operations. Summary of the invention
本发明所要解决的第一个技术问题是针对上述现有技术提供一种经济适用的智能 家居控制系统。  The first technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide an economical and intelligent home control system for the above prior art.
本发明要解决的第二个技术问题是针对上述现有技术提供一种经济适用的智能家 居控制系统的控制方法。  A second technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide an economical and applicable control method for a smart home control system in view of the above prior art.
本发明解决上述第一个技术问题所采用的技术方案为: 该智能家居控制系统,包括 家居用电设备, 其特征在于: 还包括  The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the above first technical problem is: the smart home control system, including the household electrical equipment, characterized in that:
控制终端, 能发送用于控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号;  The control terminal can send a control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment;
无线路由器, 所述控制终端通过无线网路与无线路由器连接;  a wireless router, wherein the control terminal is connected to the wireless router through a wireless network;
网关,与所述无线路 ώ器连接,无线路由器将控制终端发出的控制信号转发给网关, 所述网关包括对控制终端发出的控制信号进行识别和解码的 MCU电路, 与 MCU电路 连接的用于将解码后的控制信号进行无线射频发送的第一射频收发模块; 家居用电设备上安装有能接收第一射频收发模块发出的控制信号的第二射频收发 模块。 a gateway, connected to the wireless router, the wireless router forwards a control signal sent by the control terminal to the gateway, where the gateway includes an MCU circuit for identifying and decoding a control signal sent by the control terminal, and is connected to the MCU circuit for a first radio frequency transceiver module that performs radio frequency transmission on the decoded control signal; A second radio frequency transceiver module capable of receiving a control signal sent by the first radio frequency transceiver module is installed on the household electrical equipment.
作为改进,所述网关还包括具有存储器的存储电路,该存储电路与 MCU电路连接, 所述存储器用于保存无线路由器 IP地址、 控制终端识别码、 家居用电设备地址编码和 家居用电设备工作状态控制数据编码。  As an improvement, the gateway further includes a storage circuit having a memory, the storage circuit being connected to the MCU circuit, the memory for storing the wireless router IP address, the control terminal identification code, the home electrical device address code, and the household electrical equipment work. State control data encoding.
较好的, 所述 MCU电路包括微处理器, 所述存储电路包括存储芯片, 该存储芯片 的数据输入输出引脚与微处理器的某一数据输入输出引脚连接, 该存储芯片的时钟输入 引脚与微处理器的一时钟输出引脚连接。  Preferably, the MCU circuit includes a microprocessor, and the storage circuit includes a memory chip, and the data input/output pin of the memory chip is connected to a data input/output pin of the microprocessor, and the clock input of the memory chip The pin is connected to a clock output pin of the microprocessor.
再改进, 所述网关还包括指示电路, 该指示电路与 MCU电路连接。  Further improved, the gateway further includes an indication circuit connected to the MCU circuit.
较好的, 所述指示电路包括电源指示灯、无线路由器连接指示灯、控制终端连线指 示灯, 电源指示灯、 无线路由器连接指示灯、 控制终端连线指示灯的正极分别连接一电 阻后与稳压直流电源连接, 电源指示灯、 无线路由器连接指示灯、 控制终端连线指示灯 的负极分别与微处理器的某一数据输入输出引脚连接。  Preferably, the indication circuit comprises a power indicator light, a wireless router connection indicator light, a control terminal connection indicator light, a power indicator light, a wireless router connection indicator light, and a positive terminal of the control terminal connection indicator light respectively connected to a resistor and The regulated DC power supply connection, the power indicator light, the wireless router connection indicator, and the negative terminal of the control terminal connection indicator are respectively connected to a certain data input and output pin of the microprocessor.
再改进, 所述网关还包括电源电路, 该电源电路的输入端与外部市电连接, 该电源 电路的输出端输出稳压直流电源。  Further improved, the gateway further includes a power circuit, wherein the input end of the power circuit is connected to an external mains, and the output of the power circuit outputs a regulated DC power.
再改进,第一射频收发模块的数据输入输出接口与微处理器的某一数据输入输出引 脚连接。  Further improved, the data input/output interface of the first RF transceiver module is connected to a data input/output pin of the microprocessor.
再改进, 所述网关还包括网络接口电路, 该网络接口电路与 MCU电路连接。 较好的, 所述控制终端为用户手机或其他智能移动终端。  Further improved, the gateway further includes a network interface circuit, and the network interface circuit is connected to the MCU circuit. Preferably, the control terminal is a user mobile phone or other intelligent mobile terminal.
上述方案中, 网关与家居用电设备都具有射频的双向收发功能,第一射频收发模块 和第二射频收发模块之间采用 ISM频段进行通信, 例如可以采用 315Mhz或 434Mhz或 630Mhz或 868Mhz或 2.4Ghz等公共频率, 发射功率小于 10mW, 保证在 100米范围内 能有效发射与接收, 以满足大多数家居需要.这类频率使用不需要申请,不会对公众与环 境带来危害。 并且这类频段的射频收发技术成熟, 控制芯片模块便宜, 智能控制终端和 无线路由器都是消费者现有的, 所以整个系统的构成成本非常便宜。  In the above solution, both the gateway and the household electrical equipment have the bidirectional transceiving function of the radio frequency. The first radio transceiver module and the second radio transceiver module use the ISM frequency band for communication, for example, 315Mhz or 434Mhz or 630Mhz or 868Mhz or 2.4Ghz. When the public frequency is less than 10mW, it can be effectively transmitted and received within 100m to meet most household needs. This type of frequency use does not require application and will not cause harm to the public and the environment. Moreover, the radio frequency transceiver technology of such frequency bands is mature, the control chip module is cheap, the intelligent control terminal and the wireless router are all existing by consumers, so the composition cost of the whole system is very cheap.
本发明解决上述进一歩解决上述第二个技术问题所采用的技术方案为:该具有上述 结构的智能家居控制系统的控制方法, 其特征在于:  The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the above second technical problem is: the control method of the smart home control system having the above structure, characterized in that:
控制终端利用无线网路与无线路由器连接,将用于控制家居用电设备工作状态的控 制信号发送给无线路由器, 无线路由器将控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号转发给 网关, 网关对控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号进行识别并回馈信号给无线路由 器, 再由无线路由器将反馈信号发送给控制终端, 网关同时将接收到的控制家居用电设 备工作状态的控制信号解码后, ώ自身的第一射频收发模块以 ISM频段发射出去, 同一 家居的用电设备通过自身的第二射频接收器接收到控制终端发出的控制信号,然后进行 地址与产品码识别, 再执行对家具用电设备的控制动作, 家具用电设备执行完成相应动 作后再发射结果信号, 由网关接收到后, 通过无线路由器, 传递给控制终端。 The control terminal uses the wireless network to connect with the wireless router, and sends a control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment to the wireless router, and the wireless router forwards the control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment to the gateway, and the gateway controls the home. The control signal of the working state of the electrical device is used to identify and feed back the signal to the wireless router, and then the wireless router sends the feedback signal to the control terminal, and the gateway simultaneously decodes the received control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical device, and then ώ itself The first RF transceiver module is transmitted in the ISM band, and the same household electrical equipment receives the control signal sent by the control terminal through its second RF receiver, and then performs address and product code identification, and then executes the electrical equipment for the furniture. Control action, furniture power equipment implementation completes the corresponding action After the signal is transmitted, it is received by the gateway and transmitted to the control terminal through the wireless router.
第一射频收发模块和第二射频收发模块在射频信号编码上采用简单通用的 OOK方 式, 地址码加数据码组成编码, 地址码与数据码根据控制动作的复杂程度与安全要求可 以定义任意位数, 不再需要其他任何协议, 保证了产品操作的简单。  The first RF transceiver module and the second RF transceiver module adopt a simple and general OOK method for encoding the RF signal, and the address code plus the data code constitutes the code. The address code and the data code can define any number of bits according to the complexity and security requirements of the control action. , no other agreement is required, which guarantees the simplicity of product operation.
当使用者在外地时, 智能移动终端可以使用移动通信网络上网后, 再经过互联网识 别到已连上网的无线路由器, 然后传输信号给网关, 以实现远程控制。  When the user is in the field, the smart mobile terminal can use the mobile communication network to access the Internet, and then recognize the wireless router connected to the Internet through the Internet, and then transmit a signal to the gateway for remote control.
与现有技术相比,本发明的优点在于:控制终端发出的用于控制家居用电设备工作 状态的控制信号通过无线路 器和网关转发给家具用电设备, 而网关与家居用电设备都 具有射频的双向收发功能,第一射频收发模块和第二射频收发模块之间采用采用公共频 段进行通信, 能满足大多数家居需要, 并且公共频段使用不需要申请, 不会对公众与环 境带来危害, 并且这类频段的射频收发技术成熟, 控制芯片模块便宜, 智能控制终端和 无线路由器都是消费者现有的, 所以整个系统的构成成本非常便宜, 非常的经济适用。 附图说明  Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that: the control signal sent by the control terminal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment is forwarded to the furniture electrical equipment through the wireless router and the gateway, and the gateway and the household electrical equipment are both With the bidirectional transceiver function of radio frequency, the first radio transceiver module and the second radio transceiver module use the common frequency band for communication, which can meet most home needs, and the public frequency band does not need to be applied, and will not bring the public and the environment. Hazard, and the RF transceiver technology in this frequency band is mature, the control chip module is cheap, the intelligent control terminal and the wireless router are all existing by consumers, so the cost of the whole system is very cheap and very economical. DRAWINGS
图 1为本发明实施例中智能家居控制系统的构架框图;  1 is a structural block diagram of a smart home control system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图 2为本发明实施例中智能家居控制系统的模块连接框图。  2 is a block diagram of a module connection of a smart home control system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
图 3为本发明实施例中网关电路图。 具体实施方式  FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram of a gateway in an embodiment of the present invention. detailed description
以下结合附图实施例对本发明作进一歩详细描述。  The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
如图 1所示的智能家居控制系统, 其包括:  The smart home control system shown in Figure 1 includes:
多个家居用电设备, 如台灯 a、 电风扇 b、 电暖气 c、 电冰箱 d、 电热水器^ 电视 机^ 空调 g、 吊扇 h等等  Multiple household electrical equipment, such as table lamp a, electric fan b, electric heater c, refrigerator d, electric water heater ^ TV machine ^ air conditioner g, ceiling fan h, etc.
控制终端 1, 能发送用于控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号, 这里的控制终端 采用安装有家具智能控制软件的智能手机或其他智能移动终端;  The control terminal 1 can send a control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment, where the control terminal adopts a smart phone or other intelligent mobile terminal equipped with furniture intelligent control software;
无线路由器 2, 所述控制终端通过无线网路与无线路由器连接, 这里的无线网络可 以为移动网络或 WIFI;  The wireless router 2, the control terminal is connected to the wireless router through a wireless network, where the wireless network can be a mobile network or WIFI;
网关 3, 与所述无线路由器 2有线连接, 无线路由器将控制终端发出的控制信号转 发给网关, 所述网关包括对控制终端发出的控制信号进行识别和解码的 MCU电路 31, 与 MCU电路 31连接的用于将解码后的控制信号进行无线射频发送的第一射频收发模块 32, 与 MCU电路连接的指示灯电路 33、 存储电路 34和网络接口电路 35, 以及为各模 块提供稳定直流电压的电源电路 36;  The gateway 3 is connected to the wireless router 2, and the wireless router forwards a control signal sent by the control terminal to the gateway. The gateway includes an MCU circuit 31 for identifying and decoding a control signal sent by the control terminal, and is connected to the MCU circuit 31. a first radio frequency transceiver module 32 for wirelessly transmitting the decoded control signal, an indicator circuit 33 connected to the MCU circuit, a storage circuit 34 and a network interface circuit 35, and a power supply for providing stable DC voltage for each module Circuit 36;
家居用电设备上安装有能接收第一射频收发模块发出的控制信号的第二射频收发 模块。 A second radio frequency transceiver capable of receiving a control signal sent by the first radio frequency transceiver module is installed on the household electrical equipment. Module.
所述网关中, 存储电路与 MCU 电路连接, 所述存储电路用于保存无线路由器 IP 地址、控制终端识别码、家居用电设备地址编码和家居用电设备工作状态控制数据编码。  In the gateway, the storage circuit is connected to the MCU circuit, and the storage circuit is configured to store the wireless router IP address, the control terminal identification code, the household electrical equipment address code, and the household electrical equipment working state control data coding.
所述 MCU电路包括微处理器 IC5, 所述存储电路包括存储器 IC2, 该存储器 IC2 的数据输入输出引脚 SDA与微处理器 IC5的某一数据输入输出引脚连接,该存储器 IC2 的时钟输入引脚 SCL与微处理器 IC5的一时钟输出引脚连接。  The MCU circuit includes a microprocessor IC5, and the memory circuit includes a memory IC2. The data input/output pin SDA of the memory IC2 is connected to a data input/output pin of the microprocessor IC5, and the clock input of the memory IC2 is The pin SCL is connected to a clock output pin of the microprocessor IC5.
所述指示电路包括电源指示灯 LED1、 无线路由器连接指示灯 LED2、 控制终端连 线指示灯 LED3, 电源指示灯 LED1、 无线路 器连接指示灯 LED2、 控制终端连线指示 灯 LED3的正极分别连接一电阻后与稳压直流电源连接, 电源指示灯 LED1、 无线路由 器连接指示灯 LED2、 控制终端连线指示灯 LED3的负极分别与微处理器 IC5的某一数 据输入输出引脚连接。  The indication circuit comprises a power indicator LED1, a wireless router connection indicator LED2, a control terminal connection indicator LED3, a power indicator LED1, a lineless connection indicator LED2, and a control terminal connection indicator LED3. After the resistor is connected to the regulated DC power supply, the power indicator LED1, the wireless router connection indicator LED2, and the control terminal connection indicator LED3 are respectively connected to a data input/output pin of the microprocessor IC5.
所述电源电路的输入端与外部市电连接, 该电源电路的输出端输出稳压直流电源, 电源电路采用常规电路。  The input end of the power circuit is connected to an external mains, and the output end of the power circuit outputs a regulated DC power supply, and the power circuit adopts a conventional circuit.
所述第一射频收发模块的数据输入输出接口与微处理器 IC5 的某一数据输入输出 引脚连接。  The data input/output interface of the first RF transceiver module is connected to a data input/output pin of the microprocessor IC5.
网关与家居用电设备都具有射频的双向收发功能,第一射频收发模块和第二射频收 发模块之间采用 ISM频段进行通信, 例如可以采用 315Mhz或 434Mhz或 630Mhz或 868Mhz或 2.4Ghz等公共频率, 发射功率小于 10mW, 保证在 100米范围内能有效发射 与接收,以满足大多数家居需要.这类频率使用不需要申请,不会对公众与环境带来危害。 并且这类频段的射频收发技术成熟, 控制芯片模块便宜, 智能控制终端和无线路由器都 是消费者现有的, 所以整个系统的构成成本非常便: 0:。  Both the gateway and the household electrical equipment have the two-way transmitting and receiving functions of the radio frequency. The first radio frequency transceiver module and the second radio frequency transceiver module use the ISM frequency band for communication, for example, a common frequency such as 315Mhz or 434Mhz or 630Mhz or 868Mhz or 2.4Ghz can be used. The transmission power is less than 10mW, and it can be effectively transmitted and received within 100m to meet most household needs. This kind of frequency use does not require application and will not cause harm to the public and the environment. And the radio frequency transceiver technology of this kind of frequency band is mature, the control chip module is cheap, the intelligent control terminal and the wireless router are all existing by consumers, so the cost of the whole system is very simple: 0:.
本实施例中, 微处理器 IC5采用 PIC16F66型号的微处理器芯片, 存储器 IC2采用 型号存储器 IC2采用型号为 HT24C06的存储芯片, 第一射频收发模块和第二射频收发 模块均采用现有技术任何型号的无线射频收发模块; 微处理器 IC5的 63引脚与第一射 频收发模块的数据输入输出引脚连接, 微处理器 IC5的 28引脚与存储器 IC2的数据输 入输出引脚 SDA连接, 微处理器 IC5的 27引脚与存储器 IC2的时钟输入引脚 SCL连 接; 微处理器 IC5的 31引脚与电源指示灯 LED1的负极连接, 微处理器 IC5的 43引脚 与无线路由器连接指示灯 LED2的负极连接, 微处理器 IC5的 44引脚与控制终端连线 指示灯 LED3 的负极连接, 电源指示灯 LED1、 无线路由器连接指示灯 LED2、 控制终 端连线指示灯 LED3的正极分别连接一电阻 R9、 RIO 、 R11后与 +3V稳压直流电源连 接。  In this embodiment, the microprocessor IC5 adopts a PIC16F66 type microprocessor chip, and the memory IC2 adopts a model memory IC2 adopts a memory chip of the model HT24C06, and the first RF transceiver module and the second RF transceiver module adopt any model of the prior art. The wireless RF transceiver module; the 63 pin of the microprocessor IC5 is connected to the data input and output pin of the first RF transceiver module, and the 28 pin of the microprocessor IC5 is connected to the data input and output pin SDA of the memory IC2, and the micro processing The 27 pin of IC5 is connected to the clock input pin SCL of the memory IC2; the 31 pin of the microprocessor IC5 is connected to the negative terminal of the power indicator LED1, and the 43 pin of the microprocessor IC5 is connected to the wireless router with the indicator LED2. Negative connection, the 44 pin of the microprocessor IC5 is connected to the negative terminal of the control terminal connection indicator LED3, the power indicator LED1, the wireless router connection indicator LED2, the control terminal connection indicator LED3 is connected to a resistor R9, RIO and R11 are connected to the +3V regulated DC power supply.
上述智能家居控制系统的控制方法为: 控制终端利用无线网路与无线路 ώ器连接, 将用于控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号发送给无线路由器, 无线路由器将控制家 居用电设备工作状态的控制信号转发给网关, 网关对控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制 信号进行识别并回馈信号给无线路由器, 再 ώ无线路由器将反馈信号发送给控制终端, 网关同时将接收到的控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号解码后, 由自身的第一射频 收发模块以 ISM频段发射出去,同一家居的用电设备通过自身的第二射频接收器接收到 控制终端发出的控制信号, 然后进行地址与产品码识别, 再执行对家具用电设备的控制 动作, 家具用电设备执行完成相应动作后再发射结果信号, 由网关接收到后, 通过无线 路由器, 传递给控制终端。 The control method of the smart home control system is as follows: The control terminal uses a wireless network to connect with the wireless router, and sends a control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment to the wireless router, and the wireless router controls the household electrical equipment to work. The status control signal is forwarded to the gateway, and the gateway controls the working state of the household electrical equipment. The signal identifies and feeds back the signal to the wireless router, and then the wireless router sends the feedback signal to the control terminal, and the gateway decodes the received control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical device, and then the first RF transceiver module The ISM band is transmitted, and the same household electrical equipment receives the control signal sent by the control terminal through its second RF receiver, and then carries out the address and product code identification, and then performs the control action on the furniture electrical equipment. After the device performs the corresponding action, it transmits the result signal, which is received by the gateway and transmitted to the control terminal through the wireless router.
第一射频收发模块和第二射频收发模块在射频信号编码上采用简单通用的 ΟΟΚ方 式, 地址码加数据码组成编码, 地址码与数据码根据控制动作的复杂程度与安全要求可 以定义任意位数, 不再需要其他任何协议, 保证了产品操作的简单。  The first RF transceiver module and the second RF transceiver module adopt a simple and universal method for encoding the RF signal, and the address code plus the data code constitutes a code. The address code and the data code can define any number of bits according to the complexity and security requirements of the control action. , no other agreement is required, which guarantees the simplicity of product operation.
当使用者在外地时,智能移动终端可以使用移动通信网络上网后,再经过互联网识 别到已连上网的无线路由器, 然后传输信号给网关, 以实现远程控制。  When the user is in the field, the smart mobile terminal can use the mobile communication network to access the Internet, and then recognize the wireless router connected to the Internet via the Internet, and then transmit a signal to the gateway for remote control.

Claims

权 利 要 求 Rights request
1、 一种智能家居控制系统, 包括家居用电设备, 其特征在于: 还包括  1. A smart home control system, including a household electrical device, characterized in that:
控制终端, 能发送用于控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号;  The control terminal can send a control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment;
无线路由器, 所述控制终端通过无线网路与无线路 器连接;  a wireless router, wherein the control terminal is connected to the wireless router through a wireless network;
网关,与所述无线路由器连接,无线路 ώ器将控制终端发出的控制信号转发给网关, 所述网关包括对控制终端发出的控制信号进行识别和解码的 MCU电路, 与 MCU电路 连接的用于将解码后的控制信号进行无线射频发送的第一射频收发模块;  a gateway, connected to the wireless router, the wireless router forwards a control signal sent by the control terminal to the gateway, where the gateway includes an MCU circuit for identifying and decoding a control signal sent by the control terminal, and is connected to the MCU circuit for a first radio frequency transceiver module that performs radio frequency transmission on the decoded control signal;
家居用电设备上安装有能接收第一射频收发模块发出的控制信号的第二射频收发 模块。  A second radio frequency transceiver module capable of receiving a control signal sent by the first radio frequency transceiver module is installed on the household electrical equipment.
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的智能家居控制系统, 其特征在于: 所述网关还包括具有 存储器的存储电路, 该存储电路与 MCU电路连接, 所述存储器用于保存无线路由器 IP 地址、控制终端识别码、家居用电设备地址编码和家居用电设备工作状态控制数据编码。  2. The smart home control system according to claim 1, wherein: the gateway further comprises a storage circuit having a memory, the storage circuit being connected to the MCU circuit, wherein the memory is configured to save the wireless router IP address and the control terminal. Identification code, home electrical equipment address code and household electrical equipment working state control data coding.
3、 根据权利要求 2所述的智能家居控制系统, 其特征在于: 所述 MCU电路包括 微处理器 (IC5) , 所述存储电路包括存储器 (IC2), 该存储器 (IC2)的数据输入输出引脚 (SDA)与微处理器 (IC5)的某一数据输入输出引脚连接, 该存储器 (IC2)的时钟输入引脚 (SCL)与微处理器 (IC5)的一时钟输出引脚连接。  3. The smart home control system according to claim 2, wherein: said MCU circuit comprises a microprocessor (IC5), said memory circuit comprising a memory (IC2), and data input and output of said memory (IC2) The pin (SDA) is connected to a data input/output pin of the microprocessor (IC5), and the clock input pin (SCL) of the memory (IC2) is connected to a clock output pin of the microprocessor (IC5).
4、 根据权利要求 3所述的智能家居控制系统, 其特征在于: 所述网关还包括指示 电路, 该指示电路与 MCU电路连接。  4. The smart home control system according to claim 3, wherein: the gateway further comprises an indication circuit, the indication circuit being connected to the MCU circuit.
5、 根据权利要求 4所述的智能家居控制系统, 其特征在于: 所述指示电路包括电 源指示灯 (LED1)、 无线路 ώ器连接指示灯 (LED2)、 控制终端连线指示灯 (LED3), 电源 指示灯 (LED1)、 无线路由器连接指示灯 (LED2)、 控制终端连线指示灯 (LED3)的正极分 别连接一电阻后与稳压直流电源连接, 电源指示灯 (LED1)、 无线路由器连接指示灯 (LED2), 控制终端连线指示灯 (LED3)的负极分别与微处理器 (IC5)的某一数据输入输出 引脚连接。  5. The smart home control system according to claim 4, wherein: the indication circuit comprises a power indicator light (LED1), a lineless device connection indicator light (LED2), and a control terminal connection indicator light (LED3). The power indicator (LED1), the wireless router connection indicator (LED2), and the control terminal connection indicator (LED3) are connected to a regulated DC power supply, and the power indicator (LED1) and wireless router are connected. The indicator light (LED2), the negative terminal of the control terminal wiring indicator (LED3) is connected to a data input/output pin of the microprocessor (IC5).
6、 根据权利要求 5所述的智能家居控制系统, 其特征在于: 所述网关还包括电源 电路, 该电源电路的输入端与外部市电连接, 该电源电路的输出端输出稳压直流电源。  The smart home control system according to claim 5, wherein the gateway further comprises a power supply circuit, wherein the input end of the power supply circuit is connected to an external mains, and the output end of the power supply circuit outputs a regulated DC power supply.
7、 根据权利要求 3所述的智能家居控制系统, 其特征在于: 第一射频收发模块的 数据输入输出接口与微处理器 (IC5)的某一数据输入输出引脚连接。  7. The smart home control system according to claim 3, wherein: the data input/output interface of the first radio frequency transceiver module is connected to a data input/output pin of the microprocessor (IC5).
8、 根据权利要求 1所述的智能家居控制系统, 其特征在于: 所述网关还包括网络 接口电路, 该网络接口电路与 MCU电路连接。  8. The smart home control system according to claim 1, wherein: the gateway further comprises a network interface circuit, and the network interface circuit is connected to the MCU circuit.
9、根据权利要求 1〜8中任意一项权利要求所述的智能家居控制系统,其特征在于: 所述控制终端为用户手机或其他智能移动终端。  The smart home control system according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the control terminal is a user mobile phone or other intelligent mobile terminal.
10、 根据权利要求 1〜8中任意一项权利要求所述的智能家居控制系统, 其特征在 于: 所述第一射频收发模块和第二射频收发模块之间用 ISM频段进行通信。 10. A smart home control system according to any one of claims 1-8, characterized in that The communication between the first radio frequency transceiver module and the second radio frequency transceiver module is performed by using an ISM frequency band.
11、一种如权利要求 1所述智能家居控制系统的控制方法, 其特征在于: 控制终端 利用无线网路与无线路由器连接, 将用于控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号发送给 无线路由器, 无线路 ώ器将控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号转发给网关, 网关对 控制家居用电设备工作状态的控制信号进行识别, 网关同时将接收到的控制家居用电设 备工作状态的控制信号解码后, ώ自身的第一射频收发模块以 ISM频段发射出去, 同一 家居的用电设备通过自身的第二射频接收器接收到控制终端发出的控制信号,然后进行 地址与产品码识别, 再执行对家具用电设备的控制动作, 家具用电设备执行完成相应动 作后再发射结果信号, 由网关接收到后, 通过无线路由器, 传递给控制终端。  A control method for a smart home control system according to claim 1, wherein: the control terminal is connected to the wireless router by using a wireless network, and transmits a control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment to the wireless router. The non-line device forwards the control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment to the gateway, and the gateway identifies the control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical equipment, and the gateway simultaneously controls the working state of the household electrical equipment received. After the signal is decoded, the first RF transceiver module of the ώ itself is transmitted in the ISM band, and the same household electrical device receives the control signal sent by the control terminal through its second RF receiver, and then performs address and product code identification, and then The control action on the furniture electrical equipment is performed, and the furniture electrical equipment performs the corresponding action and then transmits the result signal, which is received by the gateway and transmitted to the control terminal through the wireless router.
12、 根据权利要求 11 所述的控制方法, 其特征在于: 网关对控制家居用电设备工 作状态的控制信号进行识别后将回馈信号发送给无线路 ώ器, 再 ώ无线路由器将反馈信 号发送给控制终端。  12. The control method according to claim 11, wherein: the gateway identifies the control signal for controlling the working state of the household electrical device, sends the feedback signal to the wireless router, and then sends the feedback signal to the wireless router. Control terminal.
13、 根据权利要求 11 所述的控制方法, 其特征在于: 第一射频收发模块和第二射 频收发模块在射频信号编码上采用 ΟΟΚ方式, 地址码加数据码组成编码, 地址码与数 据码根据控制动作的复杂程度与安全要求定义任意位数。  The control method according to claim 11, wherein: the first radio frequency transceiver module and the second radio frequency transceiver module adopt a chirp mode on the radio frequency signal encoding, and the address code plus the data code form a code, and the address code and the data code are based on The number of bits is defined by the complexity and safety requirements of the control action.
14、 根据权利要求 11或 12或 13所述的控制方法, 其特征在于: 当使用者在外地 时, 智能移动终端使用移动通信网络上网后, 再经过互联网识别到己连上网的无线路由 器, 然后传输信号给网关, 以实现远程控制。  The control method according to claim 11 or 12 or 13, wherein: when the user is in the field, the smart mobile terminal uses the mobile communication network to access the Internet, and then identifies the wireless router connected to the Internet via the Internet, and then Signals are transmitted to the gateway for remote control.
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