WO2013024515A1 - Hybrid generation-type streetlamp - Google Patents

Hybrid generation-type streetlamp Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013024515A1
WO2013024515A1 PCT/JP2011/068447 JP2011068447W WO2013024515A1 WO 2013024515 A1 WO2013024515 A1 WO 2013024515A1 JP 2011068447 W JP2011068447 W JP 2011068447W WO 2013024515 A1 WO2013024515 A1 WO 2013024515A1
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unit
power generation
wind
generation unit
support
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PCT/JP2011/068447
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French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
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弘之 稲川
哲茂 堂山
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大島工業株式会社
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Priority to PCT/JP2011/068447 priority Critical patent/WO2013024515A1/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/007Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with means for converting solar radiation into useful energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/10Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy
    • F03D9/11Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy storing electrical energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/25Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being an electrical generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/026Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by using wind power, e.g. using wind turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • F21S9/035Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light the solar unit being integrated within the support for the lighting unit, e.g. within or on a pole
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/20Rotors
    • F05B2240/21Rotors for wind turbines
    • F05B2240/211Rotors for wind turbines with vertical axis
    • F05B2240/214Rotors for wind turbines with vertical axis of the Musgrove or "H"-type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S8/00Lighting devices intended for fixed installation
    • F21S8/08Lighting devices intended for fixed installation with a standard
    • F21S8/085Lighting devices intended for fixed installation with a standard of high-built type, e.g. street light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting
    • F21W2131/103Outdoor lighting of streets or roads
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The purposed of the present invention is to provide a hybrid generation-type streetlamp in which a highly durable streetlamp is provided and electricity can be stably generated by wind power, and which also offers efficient utilization of electric power. This purpose is achieved by a hybrid generation-type streetlamp comprising the following features A through I. A: a wind power generation part having a vertical-axis wind turbine capable of generating electricity; B: a solar power generation part having a solar panel capable of generating electricity; C: an electricity storage part provided with two or more batteries for storing the electrical power generated by A or B; D: an illumination part turned on by the electrical power stored in C; E: a controller for controlling the operation of A through D; F: a support part to which A through E are attached; G: the vertical-axis wind turbine being configured from two mutually opposing longitudinal vanes, and inward-inclined parts inclined toward the axial direction being formed at top and bottom end parts of the longitudinal vanes; H: the vertical-axis wind turbine having a braking part for decelerating or stopping the rotation of the wind turbine; and I: the solar panel being positioned below the vertical-axis wind turbine, and the top end of the solar panel being inclined toward the support part.

Description

ハイブリッド発電式街路灯Hybrid power street lights

本発明は、2種の発電手段を有するハイブリッド発電式街路灯に関し、詳しくは、太陽光発電と風力発電により得られた電力を蓄電し、その蓄電された電力によって照明を点灯させる街路灯に関する。 The present invention relates to a hybrid power generation street lamp having two types of power generation means, and more particularly, to a street light that stores electric power obtained by solar power generation and wind power generation and turns on lighting by the stored power.

 太陽光発電と風力発電により得られた電力を利用して照明を点灯させる街路灯が、従来から提案されている。
 これらの街路灯は、独立した発電能力を有し、この発電した電力を蓄電する機能をも併せ持つため、外部からの電源供給を必要としない。そのため、災害などによる停電時にも、街路灯として照明を点灯させる機能を失うことがなく、更には、外部電源との接続工事が不要であるため、設置が容易という利点がある。
Street lights have been proposed in the past that use the power obtained by solar power generation and wind power generation to turn on lighting.
These street lights do not require external power supply because they have an independent power generation capacity and also have the function of storing the generated electric power. Therefore, even at the time of a power failure due to a disaster or the like, there is no loss of the function of lighting the light as a street light, and further, there is an advantage that installation is easy because connection work with an external power supply is unnecessary. These street lights do not require external power supply because they have an independent power generation capacity and also have the function of storing the generated electric power. Therefore, even at the time of a power failure due to a disaster or the like, there is no loss of the function of lighting the light as a street light, and further, there is an advantage that installation is easy because connection work with an external power supply is unnecessary.

 特許文献1では、垂直軸型風車の回転軸に発電機を連結した風力発電手段と、太陽光パネルを有する太陽光発電手段と、前記風力発電手段及び前記太陽光発電手段により発生する電力を蓄電する蓄電手段と、前記蓄電手段に蓄電された電力を用いて発光する照明手段とを備え、前記風力発電手段と前記太陽光発電手段と前記照明手段とを支柱によって地上から所定高さに保持する風力及び太陽光による発電を利用した街灯装置であって、前記太陽光パネルに当たった風を前記垂直型風車の羽根に導くように前記太陽光パネルを配置したことを特徴とする風力及び太陽光による発電を利用した街灯装置が提案されている。 In Patent Document 1, a wind power generation unit in which a generator is connected to a rotary shaft of a vertical axis wind turbine, a solar power generation unit having a solar panel, and power generated by the wind power generation unit and the solar power generation unit are stored. Storage means and illumination means for emitting light using electric power stored in the storage means, and the wind power generation means, the solar power generation means and the illumination means are held at a predetermined height from the ground by a support A streetlight apparatus using power generation by wind power and solar power, wherein the solar power panel is disposed so as to guide the wind that hit the solar power panel to the blades of the vertical wind turbine. A street lamp device using power generation by the

特開2003-042052Patent document 1: JP-A-2003-042052

 しかし、特許文献1では、使用する垂直軸型風車として、サボニウス型やクロスフロー型が例示されているところ、これらの風車を使用した場合、次のような問題があった。即ち、これらの風車は、風速の変化により風車の回転数が変化し、出力電圧が常に変動するという問題があり、更に、台風のような強風によって、折損したり、回転速度が上がり過ぎて、風車全体の破壊を招くおそれがあった。殊に、特許文献1に記載の技術は、太陽光パネルに当たった風を風車の羽に導くように太陽光パネルを配置した構成であり、太陽光パネルに風が当たる方向から強風が吹きつけた場合に、風車に加わる風力が極めて高くなり、風車を破壊する危険性が高いといえる。 However, in Patent Document 1, a Savonius type or a cross flow type is exemplified as a vertical axis type wind turbine to be used. However, in the case of using such a wind turbine, there are the following problems. That is, these wind turbines have a problem that the rotation speed of the wind turbine changes due to changes in wind speed, and the output voltage constantly fluctuates. Furthermore, the strong wind such as a typhoon breaks or the rotation speed increases too much. There was a risk of destroying the entire wind turbine. In particular, the technology described in Patent Document 1 has a configuration in which a solar panel is disposed so as to guide the wind striking the solar panel to the wing of the wind turbine, and a strong wind blows from the direction in which the wind hits the solar panel. In this case, the wind power added to the wind turbine is extremely high, and the risk of destroying the wind turbine is high.

 特許文献1に記載の街路装置は、かかる問題を抱える風車及び構成を採用することにより、風力による発電能力が不安定であり、強風によって破壊のおそれがあるため耐久性に乏しいという問題があった。 The street device described in Patent Document 1 has a problem that the power generation capacity by wind power is unstable by adopting a wind turbine and a configuration having such a problem, and there is a possibility of destruction by strong wind, and durability is poor. .

 また、風力又は太陽光によって発電した電力を、効率よく蓄電し使用する制御方法についての開示がなく、電力の効率利用という点で問題があった。 In addition, there is no disclosure about a control method for efficiently storing and using power generated by wind power or sunlight, and there is a problem in efficient use of power.

そこで、本発明の課題は、風力による安定した発電を可能とし、耐久性の高い街路灯を提供するとともに、電力の効率利用にも供するハイブリッド発電式街路灯を提供することにある。 Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a hybrid power generation type street light that enables stable power generation by wind power and provides a street light with high durability and also uses power efficiently.

本発明の上記課題は、以下の構成によって達成される。
1.次のA~Iを備えるハイブリッド発電式街路灯。

A 発電機能を備えた垂直軸型風車を有する風力発電部 B 発電機能を備えた太陽光パネルを有する太陽光発電部 C 前記A又はBによって発電された電力を蓄電するバッテリーを2以上備えた蓄電部 D 前記Cに蓄電された電力により点灯する照明部 E 前記A~Dの動作を制御する制御部 F 前記A~Eが取り付けられる支柱部 G 前記垂直型風車が、相対向する2枚の縦長翼により構成され、縦長翼の上下端部は、軸方向に向かって傾斜する内向傾斜部を形成していること H 前記垂直軸型風車が、風車の回転を減速又は制止する制動部を有すること I 前記太陽光パネルは、前記垂直軸型風車の下方に位置し、該太陽光パネルの上端側が支柱部に向かって傾斜していることThe above-mentioned subject of the present invention is achieved by the following composition. A Wind power generation unit with a vertical axis wind turbine equipped with a power generation function B Solar power generation unit with a solar panel with a power generation function C Storage with two or more batteries that store the power generated by A or B Part D Lighting part that lights up by the power stored in C C Control part that controls the operation of A to D F Supporting part to which A to E are attached G Vertical wind turbines are two vertically long facing each other The upper and lower ends of the vertically long blades are composed of wings and form an inwardly inclined portion that inclines in the axial direction. H The vertical axis type wind turbine has a braking portion that slows down or stops the rotation of the wind turbine. I The above-mentioned subject of the present invention is achieved by the following composition. The solar panel is located below the vertical axis wind turbine, and the upper end side of the solar panel is inclined toward the support column. ..
1. Hybrid-powered streetlight with the following AI: 1. Hybrid-powered streetlight with the following AI:
A Wind power generation unit having a vertical axis type wind turbine having a power generation function B Solar power generation unit having a solar panel having a power generation function C Storage of electricity provided with two or more batteries for storing electric power generated by A or B Part D Lighting part E which lights up with electric power stored in C Part E Control part that controls the operation of A to DF Column part to which A to E are attached G Two vertical lengths of the vertical wind turbine facing each other The upper and lower end portions of the vertically elongated wing form an inward inclined portion which inclines in the axial direction. The vertical axis wind turbine has a braking portion for decelerating or stopping the rotation of the wind turbine. I The solar panel is located below the vertical axis wind turbine, and the upper end of the solar panel is inclined toward the support column A Wind power generation unit having a vertical axis type wind turbine having a power generation function B Solar power generation unit having a solar panel having a power generation function C Storage of electricity provided with two or more batteries for storing electric power generated by A or B Part D Lighting part E which lights up with electric power stored in C Part E Control part that controls the operation of A to DF Column part to which A to E are attached G Two vertical lengths of the vertical wind turbine facing each other The upper and Lower end portions of the vertically elongated wing form an inward inclined portion which inclines in the axial direction. The vertical axis wind turbine has a braking portion for decelerating or stopping the rotation of the wind turbine. I The solar panel is located below the vertical axis. wind turbine, and the upper end of the solar panel is inclined toward the support column

2.制御部が、少なくとも次の機能を備えることを特徴とする前記1に記載のハイブリッド発電式街路灯。
 (1)風力発電部と太陽光発電部との選択
 (2)蓄電するバッテリーの選択
 (3)照明部へ電力を供給するバッテリーの選択
 (4)照明部の制御
 (5)風力発電部及び太陽光発電部の電圧及び電流の計測、並びに、蓄電部の電圧及び電流の計測
 (6)AC/DC変換
 (7)制動部の制御
2. The hybrid powered streetlight according to the above 1, wherein the control unit has at least the following functions:
(1) Selection of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit (2) Selection of battery to be stored (3) Selection of battery to supply power to lighting unit (4) Control of lighting unit (5) Wind power generation unit and solar Measurement of voltage and current of photovoltaic unit and measurement of voltage and current of storage unit (6) AC / DC conversion (7) Control of braking unit (1) Selection of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit (2) Selection of battery to be stored (3) Selection of battery to supply power to lighting unit (4) Control of lighting unit (5) Wind power generation unit and solar Measurement of voltage and current of photovoltaic unit and measurement of voltage and current of storage unit (6) AC / DC conversion (7) Control of braking unit

3.制御部が、太陽光発電部の計測値に基づいて、照明部の点灯又は消灯を選択する構成であることを特徴とする前記1又は2に記載のハイブリッド発電式街路灯。 3. The hybrid power generation street lamp according to the above 1 or 2, wherein the control unit is configured to select lighting or extinguishing of the lighting unit based on the measurement value of the solar power generation unit.

4.制御部が、風力発電部の計測値に基づいて、制動部によって風車の回転を減速又は制止するよう選択する構成であることを特徴とする前記1~3のいずれかに記載のハイブリッド発電式街路灯。 4. The hybrid power generation town according to any one of the above 1 to 3, wherein the control unit is configured to select the braking unit to decelerate or stop the rotation of the wind turbine based on the measurement value of the wind power generation unit. Road light.

5.支柱部が、上部支柱と下部支柱から構成され、風力発電部、太陽光発電部及び照明部が、上部支柱に取り付けられ、蓄電部及び制御部が、下部支柱の内部に収容されていることを特徴とする前記1~4のいずれかに記載のハイブリッド発電式街路灯。 5. The support is composed of an upper support and a lower support, the wind power generation unit, the solar power generation unit and the lighting unit are attached to the upper support, and the storage unit and the control unit are accommodated inside the lower support. The hybrid power generation street lamp according to any one of the above 1 to 4, characterized in that

 前記1に記載の発明によれば、垂直軸型風車について、前記G及びIに記載の新たな形状を採用したことによって、風が弱い環境においても風車は一定の回転を得ることができる。また、風車に制動部を設けたことによって、風が強い環境においても風車の回転数を制御することができる。従って、風力による安定した発電を可能とし、強風による破壊等を抑止する耐久性の高いハイブリッド発電式街路灯を提供することができる。 According to the first aspect of the invention, by adopting the new shapes described in G and I for the vertical axis wind turbine, the wind turbine can obtain a constant rotation even in a weak wind environment. In addition, by providing the braking portion in the wind turbine, it is possible to control the number of rotations of the wind turbine even in a windy environment. Therefore, it is possible to provide stable power generation by wind power, and to provide a durable hybrid power generation street light that prevents destruction by strong wind and the like.

前記2に記載の発明によれば、制御部によって各部の制御を集中的に行うことができるため、電力の効率利用にも供するハイブリッド発電式街路灯を提供することができる。 According to the invention described in the second aspect, since the control unit can centrally control the respective units, it is possible to provide a hybrid power generation street lamp which is also used for efficient use of power.

前記3に記載の発明によれば、太陽光発電部の電圧・電流を計測し、これらの計測値から日照状況を把握することができるため、照度検知器(明暗センサー)を設ける必要がなく、照明部を点灯すべきか、消灯すべきかの選択を正確に判断することができる。
また、街路灯の点灯/消灯の選択は、明暗センサーなどを用いるか、タイマーにより時間管理することが一般的であるが、太陽光発電部の電圧・電流を計測値を利用することによって、これらの部材のを省くことができ、コスト及び組み立て時間を抑えることができる。 In addition, it is common to use a light / dark sensor or a timer to manage the time to turn on / off the street light, but by using the measured values ​​of the voltage and current of the photovoltaic power generation unit, these can be selected. It is possible to omit the members of the above, and it is possible to reduce the cost and the assembly time. 更にまた、季節によって変わる日の出・日の入り時刻にも、何らの設定も必要なく柔軟に対応することができ、省メンテナンス性にも優れたハイブリッド発電式街路灯を提供することができる。 Furthermore, it is possible to flexibly respond to the sunrise and sunset times that change depending on the season without the need for any settings, and it is possible to provide a hybrid power generation type street light that is also excellent in maintenance saving. According to the invention described in the above 3, it is possible to measure the voltage and current of the solar power generation unit and grasp the sunshine condition from these measured values, so there is no need to provide an illuminance detector (bright and dark sensor). It is possible to accurately determine whether the lighting unit should be turned on or off. According to the invention described in the above 3, it is possible to measure the voltage and current of the solar power generation unit and grasp the sunshine condition from these measured values, so there is no need to provide an illuminance detector (bright and dark sensor) ). It is possible to accurately determine whether the lighting unit should be turned on or off.
In addition, it is general to use a light and dark sensor etc. or time control by timer to select the lighting / extinguishing of the street light, but by using the voltage and current of the solar power generation unit, it is possible to select these The cost and assembly time can be reduced. Furthermore, it is possible to flexibly cope with the sunrise / sunset time which changes depending on the season without requiring any setting, and it is possible to provide a hybrid power generation street light excellent in maintenance. In addition, it is general to use a light and dark sensor etc. or time control by timer to select the lighting / extinguishing of the street light, but by using the voltage and current of the solar power generation unit, it is possible to select These The cost and assembly time can be reduced. Furthermore, it is possible to flexibly cope with the sunrise / sunset time which changes depending on the season without requiring any setting, and it is possible to provide a hybrid power generation street light excellent in maintenance. ..

前記4に記載の発明によれば、風力発電部の電圧・電流を計測し、これらの計測値から風車の回転数や風速を把握することができるため、風車の過回転時には、風車の回転を減速又は制止することができる。
また、太陽光による発電で、必要な電力を賄える場合には、風車を制止することもできる。 In addition, if the required power can be supplied by solar power generation, the wind turbine can be stopped. According to the invention described in 4, the voltage and current of the wind power generation unit can be measured, and the rotation speed and the wind speed of the wind turbine can be grasped from these measured values. It can slow down or stop. According to the invention described in 4, the voltage and current of the wind power generation unit can be measured, and the rotation speed and the wind speed of the wind turbine can be grasped from these measured values. It can slow down or stop.
In addition, it is also possible to stop the wind turbine if it can supply the necessary power by solar power generation. In addition, it is also possible to stop the wind turbine if it can supply the necessary power by solar power generation.

前記5に記載の発明によれば、各部の取り付けや、支柱の内部への配線が容易であり、ハイブリッド発電式街路灯を設置現場で組み立てる効率を上げることができる。
また、支柱を2以上の部材に分割することで、1つの部材の長さを抑えることができ、支柱の設置現場への運搬が容易になる。 Further, by dividing the support column into two or more members, the length of one member can be suppressed, and the support column can be easily transported to the installation site. According to the invention described in the fifth aspect, the attachment of each part and the wiring to the inside of the column are easy, and the efficiency of assembling the hybrid power generation street lamp at the installation site can be increased. According to the invention described in the fifth aspect, the attachment of each part and the wiring to the inside of the column are easy, and the efficiency of assembling the hybrid power generation street lamp at the installation site can be increased.
Further, by dividing the support into two or more members, the length of one member can be reduced, and the transportation of the support to the installation site becomes easy. Further, by dividing the support into two or more members, the length of one member can be reduced, and the transportation of the support to the installation site becomes easy.

本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯を示す斜視図The perspective view showing the hybrid generation street lamp concerning the present invention 風力発電部を示す斜視図A perspective view showing a wind power generation unit 太陽光発電部を示す側面図Side view showing a solar power generation unit 照明部を示す側面図Side view showing the lighting unit 蓄電部及び下部支柱を示す概略説明図Schematic explanatory drawing which shows an electrical storage part and a lower support | pillar 制御部及び下部支柱を示す概略説明図Schematic explanatory drawing which shows a control part and a lower support | pillar 概略接続図Schematic connection diagram 制御部における発電部の切り替え機能を示す概略フローチャートSchematic flowchart showing the switching function of the power generation unit in the control unit 上部支柱を示す斜視図Perspective view of the upper column 下部支柱を示す(a)斜視図及び(b)部分断面図(A) perspective view and (b) partial cross-sectional view showing the lower support

 本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯は、風力と太陽光の2つの自然エネルギーによって発電し、この発電した電力を蓄電し、照明の点灯に必要な電力のすべてを賄うことができる街路灯であり、外部からの電源供給を必要としない街路灯である。
 また、1本の街路灯において、発電、蓄電及び照明のすべてを管理・制御することができ、外部からの管理・制御をも必要としない、完全に独立した街路灯である。
The hybrid-generation-type street lamp according to the present invention is a street lamp capable of generating electric power by two natural energy of wind power and sunlight, storing the generated electric power, and covering all the electric power necessary for lighting the lamp. , It is a street light that does not require an external power supply.
In addition, it is a completely independent street light that can control and control all of power generation, storage, and lighting in one street light, and does not require external management and control. In addition, it is a completely independent street light that can control and control all of power generation, storage, and lighting in one street light, and does not require external management and control.

本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯について、図1~図10に基づいて説明する。
図1に示すとおり、ハイブリッド発電式街路灯1は、風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3、照明部4、蓄電部5、制御部6及び支柱7によって構成される。
A hybrid power generation street lamp according to the present invention will be described based on FIGS. 1 to 10.
As shown in FIG. 1, the hybrid power generation street lamp 1 includes a wind power generation unit 2, a solar power generation unit 3, a lighting unit 4, a storage unit 5, a control unit 6, and a support 7.

支柱7の最上部には、風力発電部2が配設され、その下方に太陽光発電部3が配設され、更にその下方に照明部4が配設される。蓄電部5及び制御部6は、支柱7の内部に収容される。 The wind power generation unit 2 is disposed at the top of the support 7, the solar power generation unit 3 is disposed below the wind power generation unit 2, and the illumination unit 4 is disposed below the solar power generation unit 3. Power storage unit 5 and control unit 6 are accommodated inside support column 7.

風力発電部2には、発電機能を有する垂直軸型風車21が採用される。
垂直軸型風車21は、図2に示すとおり、縦長翼22及び軸部24と、これらを接続する腕部25から構成される。 As shown in FIG. 2, the vertical axis type wind turbine 21 includes a vertically long wing 22 and a shaft portion 24, and an arm portion 25 connecting them. 軸部24には、発電機(図示しない)と制動部26が内蔵され、下端部には支柱7の頂部と接続するための接続部27が形成される。 A generator (not shown) and a braking portion 26 are built in the shaft portion 24, and a connecting portion 27 for connecting to the top of the support column 7 is formed at the lower end portion.
垂直軸型風車21は、軸部24を中心として、相対抗する2枚の縦長翼22が、腕部2 In the vertical axis type wind turbine 21, two vertically long wings 22 that oppose each other around the shaft portion 24 are formed on the arm portion 2.
5で接続される。 Connected at 5. 縦長翼22の上下端部には、軸部24の方向に向かって傾斜する内向傾斜部23が形成される。 Inwardly inclined portions 23 that incline toward the shaft portion 24 are formed at the upper and lower ends of the vertically long blades 22. この内向傾斜部23を設けることにより、縦長翼22の内面に当たった風が、上下端部に拡散することを抑止し、弱風環境においても安定した風車の回転を得ることができる。 By providing the inwardly inclined portion 23, it is possible to prevent the wind hitting the inner surface of the vertically long blade 22 from diffusing to the upper and lower end portions, and to obtain stable rotation of the wind turbine even in a weak wind environment. For the wind power generation unit 2, a vertical axis wind turbine 21 having a power generation function is adopted. For the wind power generation unit 2, a vertical axis wind turbine 21 having a power generation function is adopted.
As shown in FIG. 2, the vertical axis wind turbine 21 is configured of vertically long wings 22 and a shaft 24 and an arm 25 connecting them. A generator (not shown) and a braking unit 26 are incorporated in the shaft portion 24, and a connection portion 27 for connecting to the top of the support 7 is formed at the lower end. As shown in FIG. 2, the vertical axis wind turbine 21 is configured of vertically long wings 22 and a shaft 24 and an arm 25 connecting them. A generator (not shown) and a braking unit 26 are incorporated in the shaft portion 24, and a connection portion 27 for connecting to the top of the support 7 is formed at the lower end.
In the vertical axis wind turbine 21, two vertically elongated wings 22 opposing each other with the shaft 24 as a center are the arms 2. In the vertical axis wind turbine 21, two vertically elongated wings 22 approaching each other with the shaft 24 as a center are the arms 2.
Connected by 5 At the upper and lower end portions of the vertically elongated wing 22, an inward inclined portion 23 which is inclined toward the shaft portion 24 is formed. By providing the inward inclined portion 23, it is possible to prevent the wind hitting the inner surface of the long wing 22 from diffusing to the upper and lower end portions, and it is possible to obtain stable rotation of the wind turbine even in a weak wind environment. Connected by 5 At the upper and lower end portions of the vertically elongated wing 22, an inward inclined portion 23 which is inclined toward the shaft portion 24 is formed. By providing the inward inclined portion 23, it is possible to prevent the wind hitting the inner surface of the long wing 22 from diffusing to the upper and lower end portions, and it is possible to obtain stable rotation of the wind turbine even in a weak wind environment.

 図2に示すような形態の垂直軸型風車21を用いることで、発電に必要な風車の回転を得ることができる。これは、風車として一般的に知られるクロスフロー型やジャイロミル型と比べ、翼の枚数を減らし、腕部25の長さを最適にし、縦長翼22の面積を広げることで、風により、風車が得る揚力を引き出すことができるためである。この結果、トルクは大きくなり、風車を最適な回転数まで上げることで、風力を最大限引き出すことができる。 By using the vertical axis wind turbine 21 having a form as shown in FIG. 2, it is possible to obtain the rotation of the wind turbine required for power generation. This reduces the number of blades, optimizes the length of the arms 25, and widens the area of the long wings 22 compared to a cross flow type or gyro mill type generally known as a wind turbine, so that the wind turbine can It is because it can draw out the lift that it can obtain. As a result, the torque is increased, and by increasing the number of revolutions of the wind turbine to the optimum speed, it is possible to maximize the wind power.

本発明に採用される垂直軸型風車21について、サイズや仕様に制限はないが、例えば、発電能力:24V・200W、縦長翼の全高:1000mm、縦長翼の幅:160mm、回転半径:315mm、のものを挙げることができる。 The vertical axis wind turbine 21 employed in the present invention is not limited in size or specification, for example, power generation capacity: 24 V. 200 W, total height of the long wing: 1000 mm, width of the long wing: 160 mm, radius of rotation: 315 mm, Can be mentioned.

垂直軸型風車21の軸部24には、風車の回転を減速又は制止するための制動部26が内蔵される。
制動部26は、強風による過回転によって故障や破壊されるのを防ぐために設けられ、この制動部26の働きにより、風車の回転速度は減速され、あるいは風車の回転が制止される。 The braking unit 26 is provided to prevent failure or destruction due to over-rotation due to strong wind, and the action of the braking unit 26 reduces the rotation speed of the wind turbine or stops the rotation of the wind turbine. The shaft portion 24 of the vertical axis wind turbine 21 incorporates a braking portion 26 for reducing or stopping the rotation of the wind turbine. The shaft portion 24 of the vertical axis wind turbine 21 incorporates a braking portion 26 for reducing or stopping the rotation of the wind turbine.
The braking unit 26 is provided to prevent failure or destruction due to excessive rotation by strong wind, and the rotation speed of the wind turbine is reduced by the action of the braking unit 26, or the rotation of the wind turbine is stopped. The braking unit 26 is provided to prevent failure or destruction due to excessive rotation by strong wind, and the rotation speed of the wind turbine is reduced by the action of the braking unit 26, or the rotation of the wind turbine is stopped.

この制動部26が、後述する制御部6によって自動的に制御されるため、台風や竜巻等に伴う強風に襲われた際にも、風車が過回転によって故障や破壊されるのを防止することができる。
制動部26における制動手段としては、電気ブレーキや機械ブレーキ等の風車の制動手段として公知公用の手段を特別の制限なく採用することができる。 As the braking means in the braking unit 26, known and public means as a braking means for a wind turbine such as an electric brake or a mechanical brake can be adopted without any special limitation. 例えば、制動部26として、軸部24に内蔵された発電機からの出力を、バッテリー51から切り離すことで短絡させ、この発電機に無限大の負荷をかける方法、いわゆる電気ブレーキ(又は発電ブレーキともいう。)による制動手段を採用することができる。 For example, as the braking unit 26, a method of short-circuiting the output from the generator built in the shaft unit 24 by disconnecting it from the battery 51 and applying an infinite load to the generator, so-called electric brake (or dynamic braking). ) Braking means can be adopted. Since the braking unit 26 is automatically controlled by the control unit 6 described later, it is possible to prevent the windmill from being broken or destroyed due to excessive rotation even when it is attacked by a strong wind caused by a typhoon or a tornado. Can. Since the braking unit 26 is automatically controlled by the control unit 6 described later, it is possible to prevent the windmill from being broken or destroyed due to excessive rotation even when it is attacked by a strong wind caused by a typhoon or a tornado. Can ..
As the braking means in the braking unit 26, publicly known and public means can be adopted without particular limitation as a braking means of a wind turbine such as an electric brake or a mechanical brake. For example, a method of applying an infinite load to this generator by short-circuiting the output from the generator built in the shaft 24 as the braking unit 26 by disconnecting it from the battery 51, so-called electric brake (or Braking means can be employed. As the braking means in the braking unit 26, publicly known and public means can be adopted without particular limitation as a braking means of a wind turbine such as an electric brake or a mechanical brake. For example, a method of applying an infinite load to This generator by short-circuiting the output from the generator built in the shaft 24 as the braking unit 26 by disconnecting it from the battery 51, so-called electric brake (or Braking means can be employed.

 太陽光発電部3は、図3に示すとおり、発電機能が付加された太陽光パネル31と、接続部32から構成される。太陽光パネル31は、1枚乃至2枚以上の数量を取り付けることが可能である。2枚以上の太陽光パネル31を取り付ける場合は、同方角に向けて縦又は横方向に並設することができ、異方角に向けて取り付けることもできる。 The solar power generation part 3 is comprised from the solar panel 31 to which the power generation function was added, and the connection part 32, as shown in FIG. The solar panel 31 can be attached with one or more pieces. When two or more solar panels 31 are attached, they can be vertically or horizontally juxtaposed in the same direction, or can be attached in the other direction.

 太陽光パネル31の裏面には、支柱7と接続するための接続部32が設けられ、この接続部32との接続角度を調整することにより、太陽光パネル31の設置角度を調整することができる。
接続部32と支柱7との接続・固定手段について限定はないが、例えば、支柱7に抱持・固定することができる、回動する抱持部33を設け、この抱持部33と接続部32とを固定する手段を挙げることができる。 There is no limitation on the means for connecting / fixing the connecting portion 32 and the support column 7, but for example, a rotating holding portion 33 that can be held / fixed to the support column 7 is provided, and the holding portion 33 and the connecting portion are provided. A means for fixing the 32 and the like can be mentioned. 抱持という手段を用いることにより、太陽光パネル31を設置する方向を自在に調整することができる。 By using the means of hugging, the direction in which the solar panel 31 is installed can be freely adjusted. The connection part 32 for connecting with the support | pillar 7 is provided in the back surface of the solar panel 31, By adjusting the connection angle with this connection part 32, the installation angle of the solar panel 31 can be adjusted. . The connection part 32 for connecting with the support | pillar 7 is provided in the back surface of the solar panel 31, By adjusting the connection angle with this connection part 32, the installation angle of the solar panel 31 can be adjusted.
The connecting / fixing means between the connecting portion 32 and the support 7 is not limited. For example, a rotating holding portion 33 which can be held / fixed to the support 7 is provided, and the holding portion 33 and the connecting portion 32 can be mentioned. By using the means of holding, the installation direction of the solar panel 31 can be freely adjusted. The connecting / fixing means between the connecting portion 32 and the support 7 is not limited. For example, a rotating holding portion 33 which can be held / fixed to the support 7 is provided, and the holding portion 33 and the connecting portion 32 can be mentioned. By using the means of holding, the installation direction of the solar panel 31 can be freely adjusted.

本発明に用いる太陽光パネル31は、発電機能を有する太陽光パネルとして公知公用のものを特別の制限なく採用することができる。例えば、発電能力:24V・40W、パネルの高さ:665mm、パネルの幅:538mm、のもの挙げることができる。
接続部32についても、太陽光パネル31と支柱7を接続することができれば、この種の接続方法として公知公用の技術を特別の制限なく採用することができる。 As for the connecting portion 32, as long as the solar panel 31 and the support column 7 can be connected, a known public technique can be adopted as this kind of connecting method without any special limitation. As a solar panel 31 used in the present invention, a solar panel having a power generation function can be adopted without any particular limitation, as a solar panel having a power generation function and which is commonly used. For example, power generation capacity: 24 V, 40 W, panel height: 665 mm, panel width: 538 mm can be mentioned. As a solar panel 31 used in the present invention, a solar panel having a power generation function can be adopted without any particular limitation, as a solar panel having a power generation function and which is commonly used. For example, power generation capacity: 24 V, 40 W, panel height: 665 mm, panel width: 538 mm can be mentioned.
Also for the connection portion 32, as long as the solar panel 31 and the support 7 can be connected, publicly known and publicly used techniques can be adopted without particular limitation as this type of connection method. Also for the connection portion 32, as long as the solar panel 31 and the support 7 can be connected, publicly known and publicly used techniques can be adopted without particular limitation as this type of connection method.

 照明部4は、図4に示すとおり、照明41と接続部42から構成される。照明41は、1つ乃至2つ以上の数量を取り付けることが可能である。
 接続部42は、照明41と支柱7とを接続するために設けられる。この接続部42の形状や、接続部42と照明41との接続角度を調整することにより、照明41の設置角度を調整することができる。
接続部42と支柱7との接続・固定手段について限定はないが、例えば、支柱7に抱持・固定することができる、回動する抱持部43を設け、この抱持部43と接続部42とを固定する手段を挙げることができる。 There is no limitation on the means for connecting / fixing the connecting portion 42 and the support column 7, but for example, a rotating holding portion 43 that can be held / fixed to the support column 7 is provided, and the holding portion 43 and the connecting portion are provided. A means for fixing the 42 and the like can be mentioned. 抱持という手段を用いることにより、照明41を設置する方向を自在に調整することができる。 By using the means of hugging, the direction in which the lighting 41 is installed can be freely adjusted. The illumination part 4 is comprised from the illumination 41 and the connection part 42, as shown in FIG. The lights 41 can be fitted with one or more quantities. The illumination part 4 is sintered from the illumination 41 and the connection part 42, as shown in FIG. The lights 41 can be fitted with one or more quantities.
The connection portion 42 is provided to connect the light 41 and the support 7. By adjusting the shape of the connection portion 42 and the connection angle between the connection portion 42 and the illumination 41, the installation angle of the illumination 41 can be adjusted. The connection portion 42 is provided to connect the light 41 and the support 7. By adjusting the shape of the connection portion 42 and the connection angle between the connection portion 42 and the illumination 41, the installation angle of the illumination 41 can be adjusted.
The connecting / fixing means between the connecting portion 42 and the support 7 is not limited. For example, a rotating holding portion 43 which can be held / fixed to the support 7 is provided, and the holding portion 43 and the connecting portion 42 can be mentioned. By using the means of holding, the installation direction of the light 41 can be freely adjusted. The connecting / fixing means between the connecting portion 42 and the support 7 is not limited. For example, a rotating holding portion 43 which can be held / fixed to the support 7 is provided, and the holding portion 43 and the connecting portion 42 can be mentioned. By using the means of holding, the installation direction of the light 41 can be freely adjusted.

 本発明に用いる照明41は、街路灯に用いられる照明として公知公用のものを特別の制限なく採用することができる。但し、省電力の観点から、消費電力が少ないLED照明を使用することが好ましい。また、街路灯として必要な照度を確保することと、消費電力を抑制するという両観点から、8W~20W程度のLED照明を採用することが好ましい。本発明に採用されるLED照明として、例えば、消費電力:15Wのものを挙げることができる。
また、接続部42についても、照明41と支柱7を接続することができれば、この種の接続方法として公知公用の技術を特別の制限なく採用することができる。 Further, as for the connecting portion 42, if the lighting 41 and the support column 7 can be connected, a known public technique can be adopted as this kind of connecting method without any special limitation. As the illumination 41 used in the present invention, known illuminations and illuminations used as street lights can be adopted without particular limitation. However, from the viewpoint of power saving, it is preferable to use LED lighting that consumes less power. In addition, it is preferable to adopt LED lighting of about 8 W to 20 W from the viewpoints of securing illuminance necessary for a street lamp and suppressing power consumption. As LED lighting employ | adopted by this invention, the thing of power consumption: 15W can be mentioned, for example. As the illumination 41 used in the present invention, known illuminations and illuminations used as street lights can be adopted without particular limitation. However, from the viewpoint of power saving, it is preferred to use LED lighting that consumes less power. In addition, it As LED lighting employ | adopted by this invention, the thing of power consumption: 15W can be mentioned, is preferred to adopt LED lighting of about 8 W to 20 W from the viewpoints of securing illuminance necessary for a street lamp and suppressing power consumption. for example.
Moreover, if the illumination 41 and the support | pillar 7 can be connected also about the connection part 42, the technique of well-known use can be employ | adopted without a special restriction | limiting as a connection method of this kind. Moreover, if the illumination 41 and the support | pillar 7 can be connected also about the connection part 42, the technique of well-known use can be employ | adopted without a special restriction | limiting as a connection method of this kind.

蓄電部5は、図5に示すとおり、バッテリー51と、収容部52から構成される。
蓄電部5は、風力発電部2及び太陽光発電部3で発電された電力を蓄電し、照明部4に電力を供給するためのものである。

バッテリー51は、少なくとも2つを備え、2~4つの数量であることが好ましい。 The battery 51 includes at least two batteries, preferably in a quantity of two to four. 1つのバッテリーに、自然放電量が増加するなどして十分な蓄電が行えない等の問題が発生したとしても、他のバッテリーで蓄電能力を補うことができるためである。 This is because even if a problem such as insufficient storage capacity occurs in one battery due to an increase in the amount of natural discharge, the storage capacity can be supplemented by another battery. これにより、メンテナンスの頻度を少なくすることができる。 As a result, the frequency of maintenance can be reduced. Power storage unit 5 is configured of battery 51 and storage unit 52, as shown in FIG. Power storage unit 5 is configured of battery 51 and storage unit 52, as shown in FIG.
The storage unit 5 is for storing the power generated by the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3 and supplying power to the lighting unit 4. The storage unit 5 is for storing the power generated by the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3 and supplying power to the lighting unit 4.
The battery 51 is provided with at least two, and preferably in two to four quantities. This is because even if a problem such as an increase in the amount of natural discharge can not be performed due to an increase in the amount of natural discharge or the like occurs in one battery, the storage capacity can be compensated by the other battery. This can reduce the frequency of maintenance. The battery 51 is provided with at least two, and preferably in two to four quantities. This is because even if a problem such as an increase in the amount of natural discharge can not be performed due to an increase in the amount of natural discharge or This can reduce the frequency of maintenance. The like occurs in one battery, the storage capacity can be compensated by the other battery.

収容部52は、バッテリー51を収容するためのものである。後述するが、バッテリー51が収容部52に収容され、これらが支柱7の内部に収容される。 The housing portion 52 is for housing the battery 51. As will be described later, the battery 51 is accommodated in the accommodating portion 52, and these are accommodated inside the support 7.

 本発明に用いるバッテリー51は、この種のバッテリーとして公知公用のものを特別の制限なく採用することができる。
本発明における発電手段は、風力及び太陽光という自然エネルギーを利用するものであるため、例えば、日照が少なく、ほぼ無風の気象状況が続いた場合等を考慮して、バッテリー51を選択する必要がある。 Since the power generation means in the present invention utilizes natural energies such as wind power and sunlight, it is necessary to select the battery 51 in consideration of, for example, a case where there is little sunshine and almost no wind continues. is there. また、照明部4において使用する照明41の消費電力に依存して、使用する電力は変わる。 Further, the power used varies depending on the power consumption of the lighting 41 used in the lighting unit 4. このような事項を総合的に勘案すると、例えば、24V10A/hのバッテリーを3つ並列接続し、24V30A/hの能力を有する蓄電部とすることを挙げることができる。 Taking such matters into consideration comprehensively, for example, three 24V10A / h batteries can be connected in parallel to form a power storage unit having a capacity of 24V30A / h. As the battery 51 used in the present invention, a battery commonly known and used as this type of battery can be adopted without particular limitation. As the battery 51 used in the present invention, a battery commonly known and used as this type of battery can be adopted without particular limitation.
Since the power generation means in the present invention utilizes natural energy such as wind power and solar light, it is necessary to select the battery 51 in consideration of, for example, a case where the weather condition is small with little sunshine and almost no wind. is there. In addition, the power used varies depending on the power consumption of the light 41 used in the lighting unit 4. When such matters are comprehensively considered, for example, it can be mentioned that three batteries of 24 V 10 A / h are connected in parallel to form an electricity storage unit having a capacity of 24 V 30 A / h. Since the power generation means in the present invention utilizes natural energy such as wind power and solar light, it is necessary to select the battery 51 in consideration of, for example, a case where the weather condition is small with little sunshine and almost no wind . is there. In addition, the power used varies depending on the power consumption of the light 41 used in the lighting unit 4. When such matters are comprehensively considered, for example, it can be mentioned that three batteries of 24 V 10 A / h are connected in parallel to form an electricity storage unit having a capacity of 24 V 30 A / h.

収容部52についても、2つ以上のバッテリー51を収容し、支柱7に収容することができれば、この種の収容部材として公知公用のものを特別の制限なく採用することができる。
尚、収容部52は、バッテリー51の脱落等を防ぐため、図5に示すように蓋体を設けるなど、閉じられた空間とすることが好ましい。 In addition, in order to prevent the battery 51 from falling off, the accommodating portion 52 is preferably a closed space such as a lid as shown in FIG. また、収容部52には、バッテリー51に接続される電気ケーブルを引き出すための開口を設けることが好ましい。 Further, it is preferable that the accommodating portion 52 is provided with an opening for pulling out the electric cable connected to the battery 51. Also for the accommodating portion 52, if it is possible to accommodate two or more batteries 51 and to be accommodated in the support 7, a publicly known and commonly used accommodating member of this type can be adopted without particular limitation. Also for the accommodating portion 52, if it is possible to accommodate two or more batteries 51 and to be accommodated in the support 7, a publicly known and commonly used accommodating member of this type can be adopted without particular limitation.
In addition, in order to prevent the drop-off and the like of the battery 51, the housing portion 52 is preferably a closed space such as providing a lid as shown in FIG. Preferably, the housing 52 is provided with an opening for drawing out the electrical cable connected to the battery 51. In addition, in order to prevent the drop-off and the like of the battery 51, the housing portion 52 is preferably a closed space such as providing a lid as shown in FIG. Thus, the housing 52 is provided with an opening for drawing out the electrical cable connected to the battery 51.

 制御部6は、図6に示すとおり、制御ユニット61と、収容部62から構成される。
 制御部6は、風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3、照明部4及び蓄電部5の動作を制御するためのものである。そのため、図7の概略接続図に示すとおり、風量発電部2、太陽光発電部3、照明部4及び蓄電部5は、制御部6と直接接続され、制御部6を介して相互に接
続される。
The control part 6 is comprised from the control unit 61 and the accommodating part 62, as shown in FIG.
The control unit 6 is for controlling the operations of the wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the lighting unit 4, and the storage unit 5. Therefore, as shown in the schematic connection diagram of FIG. 7, the air flow generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the lighting unit 4 and the storage unit 5 are directly connected to the control unit 6, and mutually connected via the control unit 6. Ru. The control unit 6 is for controlling the operations of the wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the lighting unit 4, and the storage unit 5. Therefore, as shown in the schematic connection diagram of FIG. 7, the air flow generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the lighting unit 4 and the storage unit 5 are directly connected to the control unit 6, and mutually connected via the control unit 6. Ru.

 制御ユニット61は、中央演算処理装置(CPU)や記憶装置が実装された基板と、風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3、照明部4及び蓄電部5との接続端子から構成され、本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯1を自動制御するためのプログラムがされている。 The control unit 61 includes a substrate on which a central processing unit (CPU) and a storage device are mounted, and a connection terminal for the wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the lighting unit 4 and the storage unit 5, A program for automatically controlling the hybrid power generation street lamp 1 according to the present invention is provided.

 収容部62は、制御ユニット61を収容するためのものである。後述するが、制御ユニット61が収容部62に収容され、これらが支柱7の内部に収容される。
 収容部62は、制御ユニット61を収容し、支柱7に収容することができれば、この種の収容部材として公知公用のものを特別の制限なく採用することができる。
尚、収容部62は、制御ユニット61の脱落等を防ぐため、閉じられた空間とすることが好ましい。 The accommodating portion 62 is preferably a closed space in order to prevent the control unit 61 from falling off. また、収容部62には、制御ユニット61と各部とが接続される電気ケーブルを引き出すための開口を設けることが好ましい。 Further, it is preferable that the accommodating portion 62 is provided with an opening for pulling out an electric cable connecting the control unit 61 and each portion. The housing portion 62 is for housing the control unit 61. As will be described later, the control unit 61 is accommodated in the accommodating portion 62, and these are accommodated inside the support 7. The housing portion 62 is for housing the control unit 61. As will be described later, the control unit 61 is accommodated in the accommodating portion 62, and these are accommodated inside the support 7.
If the accommodating part 62 accommodates the control unit 61 and can be accommodated in the support column 7, a publicly known and public thing can be adopted as this kind of accommodating member without particular limitation. If the accommodating part 62 accommodates the control unit 61 and can be accommodated in the support column 7, a publicly known and public thing can be adopted as this kind of accommodating member without particular limitation.
The housing portion 62 is preferably a closed space in order to prevent the control unit 61 from falling off or the like. Moreover, it is preferable to provide the opening for drawing out the electric cable by which the control unit 61 and each part are connected in the accommodating part 62. As shown in FIG. The housing portion 62 is preferably a closed space in order to prevent the control unit 61 from falling off or the like. Moreover, it is preferred to provide the opening for drawing out the electric cable by which the control unit 61 and each part are connected. in the accommodating part 62. As shown in FIG.

制御部6は、少なくとも次の機能を備える。
(1)風力発電部と太陽光発電部との選択 (2)蓄電するバッテリーの選択 (3)照明部へ電力を供給するバッテリーの選択 (4)照明部の制御 (5)風力発電部及び太陽光発電部の電圧及び電流の計測、並びに、蓄電部の電圧及び電流の計測 (6)AC/DC変換 (7)制動部の制御
The control unit 6 has at least the following functions.

(1) Selection of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit (2) Selection of battery to be stored (3) Selection of battery to supply power to lighting unit (4) Control of lighting unit (5) Wind power generation unit and solar Measurement of voltage and current of photovoltaic unit and measurement of voltage and current of storage unit (6) AC / DC conversion (7) Control of braking unit (1) Selection of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit (2) Selection of battery to be stored (3) Selection of battery to supply power to lighting unit (4) Control of lighting unit (5) Wind power generation unit and solar Measurement of voltage and current of photovoltaic unit and measurement of voltage and current of storage unit (6) AC / DC conversion (7) Control of braking unit

上記(1)~(7)の機能について、以下に詳述する。
(1)風力発電部と太陽光発電部との選択 前述のとおり、本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯1は、風力発電部2と太陽光発電部3から構成される2つの発電部を有する。

これらの発電部は、一方のみを稼動させ、他方を休止させることができ、両方を併用して稼動させることもできる。 Only one of these power generation units can be operated and the other can be deactivated, and both can be operated in combination. The functions (1) to (7) will be described in detail below. The functions (1) to (7) will be described in detail below.
(1) Selection of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit As described above, the hybrid power generation street light 1 according to the present invention has two power generation units configured of the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3 . (1) Selection of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit As described above, the hybrid power generation street light 1 according to the present invention has two power generation units configured of the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3 ..
Only one of these power generation units can be operated, the other can be stopped, or both can be operated in combination. Only one of these power generation units can be operated, the other can be stopped, or both can be operated in combination.

風力発電部と太陽光発電部との選択・切り替え機能について、概略フローチャートを図8に示す。
後述するが、制御部6において、風力発電部2と太陽光発電部3の電圧値及び電流値等が計測されている。 As will be described later, the control unit 6 measures the voltage value, the current value, and the like of the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3. これらの計測値に基づいて、発電をする発電部が選択され、切り替えがされる。 Based on these measured values, the power generation unit that generates power is selected and switched. A schematic flowchart of the selection / switching function between the wind power generation unit and the solar power generation unit is shown in FIG. A schematic flowchart of the selection / switching function between the wind power generation unit and the solar power generation unit is shown in FIG.
As will be described later, in the control unit 6, voltage values and current values of the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3 are measured. Based on these measured values, a power generation unit that generates power is selected and switched. As will be described later, in the control unit 6, voltage values ​​and current values ​​of the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3 are measured. Based on these measured values, a power generation unit that generates power is selected and switched.

 太陽光発電部3における計測値が、発電をするために必要な日照を示す値(日照規定値)を充足した(上回った)場合に、太陽光発電部3において発電するよう選択し稼動させる。また、太陽光発電部3が稼動しているときに、当該計測値が発電をするために必要な日照を示す値(日照規定値)に不足した(下回った)場合は、太陽光発電部3が休止され、風力発電部2による発電に切り替えるよう選択される。 When the measured value in the solar power generation unit 3 satisfies (exceeds) the value (the sunshine prescribed value) indicating the sunshine required to generate power, the solar power generation unit 3 is selected and operated to generate power. In addition, when the solar power generation unit 3 is in operation, if the measured value falls short of (falls below) a value (sunlight specified value) indicating sunshine required to generate power, the solar power generation unit 3 Is suspended and selected to switch to the power generation by the wind power generation unit 2.

 発電をするために必要な日照を示す値(日照規定値)は、ハイブリッド発電式街路灯1を設置する場所の環境や、使用する蓄電池5の容量などを総合的に勘案して設定することができる。発電をするために必要な日照を示す値(日照規定値)は、主に太陽光パネル31における電圧値で設定される。 A value (sunlight specified value) indicating sunshine required to generate power may be set by comprehensively considering the environment where the hybrid streetlight 1 is installed, the capacity of the storage battery 5 to be used, etc. it can. A value (sunlight specified value) indicating sunshine necessary to generate power is mainly set by a voltage value in the solar panel 31.

 風力発電部2は、太陽光発電部3が日照不足により休止された場合に稼動する。更に、太陽光発電部3が稼動していても、蓄電部5における容量が規定値以下である場合(蓄電
部規定値:不足)は、風力発電部2が稼動される。また、風力発電部2が稼動しているときに、太陽光発電部3が稼動した場合であって、蓄電部5における容量が規定値を上回った場合(蓄電部規定値:充足)は、風力発電部2が休止される。
The wind power generation unit 2 operates when the solar power generation unit 3 is suspended due to lack of sunshine. Furthermore, even if the solar power generation unit 3 is operating, the wind power generation unit 2 is operated when the capacity of the power storage unit 5 is equal to or less than the specified value (power storage unit specified value: insufficient). Further, when the solar power generation unit 3 is operated when the wind power generation unit 2 is in operation, and the capacity of the power storage unit 5 exceeds the specified value (power storage unit specified value: satisfied), the wind power is generated. The power generation unit 2 is suspended.

 このように、風力発電部2の稼動又は休止の選択は、原則として、太陽光発電部3が稼動しているか否かによって決定され、例外として、蓄電部5における容量が規定値を上回っているか否か(蓄電部規定値:充足又は不足)によって決定される。 Thus, the selection of the operation or suspension of the wind power generation unit 2 is basically determined by whether or not the solar power generation unit 3 is operating, and as an exception, whether the capacity of the storage unit 5 exceeds the specified value It is determined by whether or not (power storage unit specified value: satisfied or insufficient).

(2)蓄電するバッテリーの選択
 前述のとおり、蓄電部5は、2以上のバッテリー51を備える。従って、複数あるバッテリー51のうち、どのバッテリーに蓄電するかの選択・制御が必要となる。
 後述するが、制御部6において、蓄電部5における各バッテリー51の電圧値及び電流値、場合によっては容量や電力値が計測される。これらの計測値に基づいて、蓄電をするバッテリー51が選択され、切り替えがされる。
(2) Selection of Battery to be Stored As described above, the storage unit 5 includes two or more batteries 51. Therefore, it is necessary to select and control which battery among the plurality of batteries 51 is to be charged.
As will be described later, the control unit 6 measures the voltage value and current value of each battery 51 in the storage unit 5, and in some cases, the capacity and power value. Based on these measured values, the battery 51 that stores electricity is selected and switched. As will be described later, the control unit 6 measures the voltage value and current value of each battery 51 in the storage unit 5, and in some cases, the capacity and power value. Based on these measured values, the battery 51 that stores electricity is selected and switched.

蓄電するバッテリー51の選択・切り替えは、例えば、蓄電部5が3つのバッテリー51を備える場合は次のとおりである。
先ず、各バッテリーの電圧が計測され、電圧が最も低いバッテリーに蓄電される。このバッテリーの電圧が規定値に達したとき、再び各バッテリーの電圧が計測され、電圧が最も低いバッテリーに蓄電が切り替えられる。このように、電圧の計測と蓄電が繰り返される。尚、各バッテリーの電圧は、制御部6において計測される。

ここで、全てのバッテリーの電圧が規定値に達した場合は、過充電を防止するために、蓄電が停止される。 Here, when the voltages of all the batteries reach the specified values, the storage of electricity is stopped in order to prevent overcharging. そして、いずれかのバッテリーの電圧が、規定値を下回った場合に、そのバッテリーに蓄電が再開される。 Then, when the voltage of any of the batteries falls below the specified value, the storage of the battery is restarted. Selection and switching of the battery 51 to be stored are, for example, as follows when the storage unit 5 includes three batteries 51. Selection and switching of the battery 51 to be stored are, for example, as follows when the storage unit 5 includes three batteries 51.
First, the voltage of each battery is measured and stored in the battery with the lowest voltage. When the voltage of this battery reaches a specified value, the voltage of each battery is measured again, and the storage is switched to the battery with the lowest voltage. Thus, the measurement and storage of voltage are repeated. The voltage of each battery is measured by the control unit 6. First, the voltage of each battery is measured and stored in the battery with the lowest voltage. When the voltage of this battery reaches a specified value, the voltage of each battery is measured again, and the storage is switched to the battery with the lowest voltage. Thus, the measurement and storage of voltage are repeated. The voltage of each battery is measured by the control unit 6.
Here, when the voltages of all the batteries reach a specified value, storage of electricity is stopped to prevent overcharging. Then, when the voltage of one of the batteries falls below a specified value, storage of the battery is resumed. Here, when the voltages of all the batteries reach a specified value, storage of electricity is stopped to prevent overcharging. Then, when the voltage of one of the batteries falls below a specified value, storage of the battery is resumed.

(3)照明部へ電力を供給するバッテリーの選択 前述のとおり、蓄電部5は、2以上のバッテリー51を備える。従って、照明部4に電力を供給する際に、複数あるバッテリー51のうち、どのバッテリーから供給するかの選択・制御が必要となる。
後述するが、制御部6において、蓄電部5における各バッテリー51の電圧値、電流値、容量及び電力値が計測されている。 As will be described later, the control unit 6 measures the voltage value, current value, capacity, and power value of each battery 51 in the power storage unit 5. これらの計測値に基づいて、照明部4に電力を供給するバッテリー51が選択され、切り替えがされる。 Based on these measured values, the battery 51 that supplies electric power to the lighting unit 4 is selected and switched. (3) Selection of Battery to Supply Power to Lighting Unit As described above, the storage unit 5 includes two or more batteries 51. Therefore, when power is supplied to the lighting unit 4, it is necessary to select and control from which of the plurality of batteries 51 to supply power. (3) Selection of Battery to Supply Power to Lighting Unit As described above, the storage unit 5 includes two or more batteries 51. Therefore, when power is supplied to the lighting unit 4, it is necessary to select and control from which of the Multiple of batteries 51 to supply power.
Although described later, the control unit 6 measures the voltage value, current value, capacity, and power value of each battery 51 in the storage unit 5. Based on these measured values, the battery 51 that supplies power to the lighting unit 4 is selected and switched. Although described later, the control unit 6 measures the voltage value, current value, capacity, and power value of each battery 51 in the storage unit 5. Based on these measured values, the battery 51 that supplies power to the lighting unit 4 is selected and switched.

 照明部4に電力を供給するバッテリー51の選択・切り替えは、例えば、蓄電部5が3つのバッテリー51を備える場合は次のとおりである。
 先ず、各バッテリーの電圧が計測され、電圧が最も高いバッテリーから電力が供給される。このバッテリーの電圧が規定値を下回ったとき、再び各バッテリーの電圧が計測され、電圧が最も高いバッテリーから電力が供給されるように切り替えられる。このように、電圧の計測と電力の供給が繰り返される。尚、各バッテリーの電圧は、制御部6において計測される。
Selection and switching of the battery 51 for supplying power to the lighting unit 4 are as follows, for example, in the case where the power storage unit 5 includes three batteries 51.
First, the voltage of each battery is measured, and power is supplied from the battery with the highest voltage. When the voltage of this battery falls below a specified value, the voltage of each battery is measured again and switched so that the power is supplied from the battery with the highest voltage. Thus, voltage measurement and power supply are repeated. The voltage of each battery is measured by the control unit 6. First, the voltage of each battery is measured, and power is supplied from the battery with the highest voltage. When the voltage of this battery falls below a specified value, the voltage of each battery is measured again and switched so that the power is supplied. From the battery with the highest voltage. Thus, voltage measurement and power supply are repeated. The voltage of each battery is measured by the control unit 6.

尚、バッテリー電圧の規定値は、バッテリーの性能等を勘案して、任意に設定することができるが、例えば、使用時の電圧が最大25Vのバッテリーの場合、この規定値を22.5V程度に設定することができる。
ここで、全てのバッテリーの電圧が規定値を下回った場合は、過放電を防止するために、電力の供給が停止される。 Here, when the voltage of all the batteries falls below the specified value, the power supply is stopped in order to prevent over-discharging. そして、いずれかのバッテリーの電圧が、規定値に達した場合に、そのバッテリーから電力供給が再開される。 Then, when the voltage of any of the batteries reaches a specified value, power supply is restarted from that battery. The specified value of the battery voltage can be set arbitrarily in consideration of battery performance etc. For example, in the case of a battery with a maximum voltage of 25 V at the time of use, this specified value should be around 22.5 V It can be set. The specified value of the battery voltage can be set similarly in consideration of battery performance etc. For example, in the case of a battery with a maximum voltage of 25 V at the time of use, this specified value should be around 22.5 V It can be set.
Here, when the voltages of all the batteries fall below a specified value, the supply of power is stopped to prevent overdischarge. Then, when the voltage of any battery reaches a specified value, the power supply from the battery is resumed. Here, when the voltages of all the batteries fall below a specified value, the supply of power is stopped to prevent over discharge. Then, when the voltage of any battery reaches a specified value, the power supply from the battery is resumed.

(4)照明部の制御
 照明部4の照明41は、日照が十分で、照明を点灯させる必要がない場合には消灯され
、夜間など日照がないか又は不十分である場合には点灯される。
 照明41の点灯又は消灯の選択は、太陽光発電部3における計測値に基づいて選択・制御される。
(4) Control of the illumination unit The illumination 41 of the illumination unit 4 is turned off when the sunshine is sufficient and it is not necessary to turn on the illumination, and turned on when the sunshine is absent or insufficient, such as at night. .
The selection of lighting or extinguishing of the light 41 is selected and controlled based on the measurement value in the solar power generation unit 3.

 太陽光発電は、光起電力効果を利用し、太陽光のエネルギーを電力に変換する発電方式であるため、太陽光パネル31に照射する太陽光が強いほど、得られる電力は大きいものとなる。照明部4の制御は、この原理を利用している。
 即ち、太陽光発電部3における電圧や電流の計測値は、太陽光パネル31に照射する太陽光の強さを示しており、日照状況や明るさを示しているといえるので、本発明は、これらの計測値を照明41の点灯又は消灯の選択の判断材料にしたのである。
従って、これらの計測値が、予め定められた規定値を上回った場合は、照明41が消灯され、規定値を下回った場合は、照明41が点灯される。 Therefore, when these measured values ​​exceed a predetermined predetermined value, the illumination 41 is turned off, and when the measured value is less than the predetermined value, the illumination 41 is turned on. Since the solar power generation is a power generation method that utilizes the photovoltaic effect and converts the energy of sunlight into electric power, the stronger the sunlight irradiated to the solar panel 31, the larger the obtained power becomes. The control of the illumination unit 4 utilizes this principle. Since the solar power generation is a power generation method that utilizes the photovoltaic effect and converts the energy of sunlight into electric power, the stronger the solar power generation to the solar panel 31, the larger the obtained power becomes. The control of the illumination unit 4 exploit this principle.
That is, since the measured values of voltage and current in the solar power generation unit 3 indicate the intensity of sunlight to be applied to the solar panel 31 and indicate the sunshine condition and brightness, the present invention These measured values are used as a judgment material for the selection of lighting or non-lighting of the light 41. That is, since the measured values ​​of voltage and current in the solar power generation unit 3 indicate the intensity of sunlight to be applied to the solar panel 31 and indicate the sunshine condition and brightness, the present invention These measured values ​​are used as a judgment material for the selection of lighting or non-lighting of the light 41.
Therefore, when the measured values exceed the predetermined value, the light 41 is turned off. When the measured values are less than the predetermined value, the light 41 is turned on. Therefore, when the measured values ​​exceed the predetermined value, the light 41 is turned off. When the measured values ​​are less than the predetermined value, the light 41 is turned on.

 尚、照明部4の制御する手段として、明暗センサーによる制御手段や、照明の入切を時間管理する手段を採用することもできる。但し、明暗センサーによる制御は、センサーの設置位置によって明るさの検知が安定しないばかりか、別部材を配設しなければならず、時間管理による制御は、季節によって変わる日の出・日の入り時刻の設定を要するという問題がある。 In addition, as a means to control the illumination part 4, the control means by a light-and-darkness sensor, and the means to time-control the on / off of illumination can be employ | adopted. However, the control by the light and dark sensor not only makes the detection of brightness unstable depending on the installation position of the sensor, but separate members must be provided, and the control by time management sets the setting of sunrise / sunset time which changes depending on the season There is a problem of costing.

(5)風力発電部及び太陽光発電部の電圧及び電流の計測、並びに、蓄電部の電圧及び電流の計測
 前記したが、制御部6において、風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3及び蓄電部4の電圧等が常時計測される。これらの計測値は、各部を制御するために必要な判断材料とされる。
(5) Measurement of voltage and current of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit, and measurement of voltage and current of power storage unit As described above, in control unit 6, wind power generation unit 2, solar power generation unit 3, and power storage unit The voltage 4 etc. is constantly measured. These measurement values are used as judgment materials necessary to control each part.

 風力発電部2及び太陽光発電部3については、電圧及び電流の各値が計測される。また、併せて、発電される電力を計測してもよい。
 風力発電部2における計測値からは、発電状況を把握することができ、この計測値を換算することによって、風速や、垂直軸型風車21の回転数や回転速度を把握することもできる。垂直軸型風車21の回転数や回転速度を把握することで、風車の過回転を知ることができ、前述の制動部26を稼動させ、風車の回転を減速又は制止させることができる。
尚、制動部25の制御については、計測値を換算して風車の回転数等を算出しなくても、予め制動部を稼動させる条件を電圧等の計測値に基づいて設定しておけばよい。 Regarding the control of the braking unit 25, it is sufficient to set the conditions for operating the braking unit in advance based on the measured values ​​such as voltage without converting the measured values ​​to calculate the rotation speed of the wind turbine. .. For the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3, respective values of voltage and current are measured. In addition, the generated power may be measured. For the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3, each values ​​of voltage and current are measured. In addition, the generated power may be measured.
The power generation state can be grasped from the measured value in the wind power generation unit 2, and the wind speed, and the rotation speed and rotational speed of the vertical axis wind turbine 21 can also be grasped by converting this measured value. By grasping the rotation speed and the rotation speed of the vertical axis wind turbine 21, it is possible to know the over rotation of the wind turbine, and to operate the above-mentioned braking unit 26 to decelerate or stop the rotation of the wind turbine. The power generation state can be grasped from the measured value in the wind power generation unit 2, and the wind speed, and the rotation speed and rotational speed of the vertical axis wind turbine 21 can also be grasped by converting this measured value. By grasping the rotation speed and the rotation speed of the vertical axis wind turbine 21, it is possible to know the over rotation of the wind turbine, and to operate the above-mentioned braking unit 26 to decelerate or stop the rotation of the wind turbine.
In addition, about control of the damping | braking part 25, even if it converts a measured value and does not calculate the rotation speed of a windmill, etc., the conditions which make a damping | braking part operate may be set based on measured values, such as voltage, beforehand. . In addition, about control of the damping | braking part 25, even if it converts a measured value and does not calculate the rotation speed of a windmill, etc., the conditions which make a damping | braking part operate may be set based on measured values, such as voltage, added ..

太陽光発電部3における計測値からは、発電状況を把握することができ、前述のとおり、ハイブリッド発電式街路灯1が設置されている場所の日照状況や明るさを把握することもできる。
太陽光発電部3の電圧・電流を計測することにより、発電をするために必要な日照の有無を判断することができ、これにより、太陽光発電部3において発電するか否かの選択・制御をすることができる。

また、太陽光発電部3の電圧・電流を計測することにより、太陽光パネル31に照射する太陽光の強さを把握することができるので、日照状況や明るさを把握することができ、照明部4における照明41を点灯するか否かの選択・制御をすることができる。 Further, by measuring the voltage and current of the photovoltaic power generation unit 3, the intensity of sunlight irradiating the solar panel 31 can be grasped, so that the sunshine condition and brightness can be grasped, and the lighting can be grasped. It is possible to select and control whether or not to turn on the illumination 41 in the unit 4. From the measurement value in the solar power generation part 3, the power generation condition can be grasped | ascertained, and as mentioned above, the sunshine condition and the brightness of the place where the hybrid electric power generation street lamp 1 is installed can also be grasped | ascertained. From the measurement value in the solar power generation part 3, the power generation condition can be grasped | ascertained, and as mentioned above, the sunshine condition and the brightness of the place where the hybrid electric power generation street lamp 1 is installed can also be grasped | ascertained.
By measuring the voltage and current of the solar power generation unit 3, it is possible to determine the presence or absence of sunshine required to generate power, whereby selection / control of whether to generate power in the solar power generation unit 3 You can By measuring the voltage and current of the solar power generation unit 3, it is possible to determine the presence or absence of sunshine required to generate power, specifically selection / control of whether to generate power in the solar power generation unit 3 You can
In addition, by measuring the voltage and current of the solar power generation unit 3, it is possible to grasp the intensity of the sunlight to be applied to the solar panel 31, so that it is possible to grasp the sunshine condition and the brightness. It is possible to select and control whether to turn on the light 41 in the unit 4. In addition, by measuring the voltage and current of the solar power generation unit 3, it is possible to grasp the intensity of the sunlight to be applied to the solar panel 31, so that it is possible to grasp the sunshine condition and the brightness. It is possible to select and control whether to turn on the light 41 in the unit 4.

蓄電部5については、電圧及び電流の各値が計測される。また、併せて、容量や発電される電力を計測してもよい。
蓄電部5の計測値からは、各バッテリー51の蓄電状況を把握することができ、主に電圧と電流から把握することができる。
With respect to power storage unit 5, each value of voltage and current is measured. In addition, the capacity and the generated power may be measured.

From the measurement value of the storage unit 5, the storage condition of each battery 51 can be grasped, and mainly from the voltage and the current. From the measurement value of the storage unit 5, the storage condition of each battery 51 can be grasped, and mainly from the voltage and the current.

(6)AC/DC変換 制御部6は、交流(AC)を直流(DC)に変換する機能を備える。
この機能を備えるのは、風力発電部2において発電される電力は交流であることから、これを蓄電部5に蓄電するために、直流に変換する必要があるためである。
交流電流を直流電流に変換する手段としては、整流回路を内蔵する等の公知公用の手段を特別の制限なく採用することができる。
(6) AC / DC Conversion The control unit 6 has a function of converting alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC).

This function is provided because the electric power generated by the wind power generation unit 2 is an alternating current, and it is necessary to convert it into a direct current in order to store the electric power in the storage unit 5. This function is provided because the electric power generated by the wind power generation unit 2 is an alternating current, and it is necessary to convert it into a direct current in order to store the electric power in the storage unit 5.
As means for converting alternating current to direct current, publicly known means such as incorporating a rectifier circuit can be adopted without particular limitation. As means for converting alternating current to direct current, publicly known means such as incorporating a rectifier circuit can be adopted without particular limitation.

(7)制動部の制御 前述のとおり、風力発電部2の垂直軸型風車21は、制動部26を有する。
制動部26は、垂直軸型風車21が、強風による過回転によって故障や破壊されるのを防ぐために設けられ、この制動部26の働きにより、風車の回転速度は減速され、あるいは風車の回転が制止される。 The braking unit 26 is provided to prevent the vertical axis type wind turbine 21 from being damaged or destroyed due to over-rotation due to strong wind, and the action of the braking unit 26 reduces the rotation speed of the wind turbine or causes the wind turbine to rotate. Be stopped. (7) Control of Braking Unit As described above, the vertical axis wind turbine 21 of the wind power generation unit 2 includes the braking unit 26. (7) Control of Braking Unit As described above, the vertical axis wind turbine 21 of the wind power generation unit 2 includes the braking unit 26.
The braking unit 26 is provided to prevent the vertical axis wind turbine 21 from being broken or destroyed by excessive rotation by strong wind, and the rotation speed of the wind turbine is reduced by the action of the braking unit 26, or the rotation of the wind turbine is It is stopped. The braking unit 26 is provided to prevent the vertical axis wind turbine 21 from being broken or destroyed by excessive rotation by strong wind, and the rotation speed of the wind turbine is reduced by the action of the braking unit 26, or the rotation of the wind turbine is It is stopped.

 制動部26によって、風車の回転速度を減速するか、あるいは風車の回転を制止するかの選択・制御は、風力発電部2における電圧や電流の計測値に基づいて行われる。即ち、風車が過回転によって故障・破壊されるおそれがある状況を、規定値として予め設定し、その規定値に電圧又は電流が達した場合に、風車の回転速度が減速され、あるいは風車の回転が制止される。 Selection and control as to whether to reduce the rotational speed of the wind turbine or to stop the rotation of the wind turbine by the braking unit 26 are performed based on the measured values of the voltage and current in the wind power generation unit 2. That is, a situation where the wind turbine may be broken or destroyed due to excessive rotation is set in advance as a specified value, and when the voltage or current reaches the specified value, the rotational speed of the wind turbine is reduced or the rotation of the wind turbine Are stopped.

 支柱7は、上下に分割された設置場所の地面に対して垂直に立設され、風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3、照明部4、蓄電部5及び制御部6の各部を取り付けるためのものである。そのため、各部を取り付けるだけの高さが必要である。風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3及び照明部4の設置位置(高さ)を考慮すると、地面からの高さは、4m~8m程度が適当である。 The support 7 is erected vertically to the ground of the installation place divided up and down, and for attaching the wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the illumination unit 4, the storage unit 5, and the control unit 6 to each other. It is a thing. Therefore, the height which only mounts each part is required. Considering the installation positions (heights) of the wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3 and the illumination unit 4, the height from the ground is suitably about 4 m to 8 m.

 支柱7は、2以上の支柱から構成されることが好ましく、上部支柱71と下部支柱72の2つの支柱から構成されることがより好ましい。各部の取付や、支柱内部への配線が容易であり、本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯1を設置現場で組み立てる際に、その効率を上げることができるためである。また、支柱7を設置現場へ運搬する際にも、2以上の部材に分割できるほうが便宜である。 The post 7 is preferably composed of two or more posts, and more preferably composed of two posts of an upper post 71 and a lower post 72. It is because the attachment of each part and the wiring to the inside of a support | pillar are easy, and when assembling the hybrid electric power generation street lamp 1 which concerns on this invention in an installation site, the efficiency can be raised. Also, when transporting the support 7 to the installation site, it is more convenient to be able to be divided into two or more members.

 本発明に採用される支柱7として、例えば、上部支柱71は、中空の円柱型で、直径約140mm、高さ約2000mmのものを、下部支柱72は、中空の角柱型で、断面は1辺の長さが約300mmの正方形、長さは約3000mmのものを挙げることができる。 As the support 7 employed in the present invention, for example, the upper support 71 is a hollow cylindrical type having a diameter of about 140 mm and a height of about 2000 mm, and the lower support 72 is a hollow prismatic type having a cross section of one side And a square having a length of about 300 mm and a length of about 3000 mm.

 上部支柱71には、風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3及び照明部4が取り付けられる。下部支柱72には、蓄電部5及び制御部6が支柱の内部に収容される。 The wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, and the lighting unit 4 are attached to the upper support 71. In lower support column 72, power storage unit 5 and control unit 6 are accommodated inside the support column.

 上部支柱71には、図9に示すように、各部を相互に接続するケーブルを、支柱の内部と外部とを挿通させるためのケーブル挿通孔711が設けられることが好ましい。また、このケーブル挿通孔711から支柱の内部に風雨が入り込むことを防止するため、ケーブル挿通孔711を覆うフード712が設けられることが好ましい。フード712の態様に限定はないが、例えば、図9に示すように、下部開放の箱型部材で、ケーブル挿通孔711を覆うことができる。 As shown in FIG. 9, it is preferable that the upper support 71 be provided with a cable insertion hole 711 for inserting a cable connecting the respective parts with each other between the inside and the outside of the support. Further, in order to prevent wind and rain from entering the inside of the column from the cable insertion hole 711, it is preferable to provide a hood 712 which covers the cable insertion hole 711. Although there is no limitation on the mode of the hood 712, for example, as shown in FIG. 9, the cable insertion hole 711 can be covered with a box-shaped member which is open at the bottom.

 上部支柱71の上端には、風力発電部2と接続するための上端接続部713が設けられる。また、上部支柱71の下端には、下部支柱72と接続するための下端接続部713が設けられる。本発明において、上端接続部713と下端接続部714の形態について限定はないが、例えば、図9に示すように、ボルト孔を設けた鍔部を形成し、これに対応した接続部を有する風力発電部2又は下部支柱72と、ボルト止めする態様を挙げることができる。 An upper end connection portion 713 for connecting to the wind power generation unit 2 is provided at the upper end of the upper support column 71. A lower end connecting portion 713 for connecting to the lower support 72 is provided at the lower end of the upper support 71. In the present invention, the form of the upper end connecting portion 713 and the lower end connecting portion 714 is not limited. For example, as shown in FIG. 9, a wind portion having a bolt hole and a corresponding connecting portion is formed. The aspect which bolt-bonds with the electric power generation part 2 or the lower support | pillar 72 can be mentioned.

 下部支柱72について、図10(a)及び(b)基づいて説明する。図10(a)は、下部支柱72の斜視図、図10(b)は、蓄電部開口721が設けられた側を正面とした場合における側面から観察した部分断面図である。
 下部支柱72には、図10(a)に示すように、蓄電部5を収容するための蓄電部開口721、蓄電部開口扉722及び蓄電部棚723が設けられる。
The lower support post 72 will be described based on FIGS. 10 (a) and 10 (b). 10 (a) is a perspective view of the lower support column 72, and FIG. 10 (b) is a partial cross-sectional view as viewed from the side in a case where the side where the storage portion opening 721 is provided is a front.
As shown in FIG. 10A, the lower support column 72 is provided with a storage unit opening 721 for storing the storage unit 5, a storage unit opening door 722, and a storage unit shelf 723. As shown in FIG. 10A, the lower support column 72 is provided with a storage unit opening 721 for storing the storage unit 5, a storage unit opening door 722, and a storage unit shelf 723.

蓄電部開口721は、蓄電部5を下部支柱72の内部に収容するため、支柱の側面に設けられた開口である。蓄電部5を出し入れるすることができる形態であれば、その形態に特に限定はない。 The storage unit opening 721 is an opening provided on the side surface of the support post for accommodating the storage unit 5 inside the lower support post 72. The form is not particularly limited as long as the storage unit 5 can be put in and out.

 蓄電部開口扉722は、図10(b)に示すように、蓄電部開口721を閉塞するための扉である。下部支柱72の内部に風雨が入り込むのを防ぎ、収容された蓄電部5を風雨や盗難等から防護する役割を担う。蓄電部開口721を閉塞することができる形態であれば、その形態に特に限定はない。また、蓄電部開口扉722を、下部支柱72に取り付ける手段についても特に限定はないが、例えば、ネジ止め、係止、一辺に蝶番を取り付ける手段等を挙げることができる。 The storage unit opening door 722 is a door for closing the storage unit opening 721 as shown in FIG. It plays a role of preventing wind and rain from entering the lower support 72 and protecting the stored power storage unit 5 from wind and rain and theft. There is no particular limitation on the form as long as the storage unit opening 721 can be closed. The means for attaching the storage unit opening door 722 to the lower support post 72 is not particularly limited, and examples thereof include screwing, locking, and means for attaching a hinge on one side.

 蓄電部棚723は、図10(b)に示すように、下部支柱72の内部空間に地面と略水平に設けられ、蓄電部5を載置するための棚である。蓄電部5を載置することができる形態であれば、その形態に特に限定はない。但し、支柱内部の空間を水平方向にすべて埋めるのではなく、ケーブルを挿通させる空間を保持することが好ましい。 As shown in FIG. 10B, storage unit shelf 723 is provided approximately horizontally with the ground in the internal space of lower support column 72, and is a shelf for mounting storage unit 5. There is no particular limitation on the form as long as the storage unit 5 can be placed. However, it is preferable not to fill the space inside the support column entirely in the horizontal direction but to maintain a space through which the cable is inserted.

 下部支柱72には、図10(a)に示すように、制御部6を収容するための制御部開口724、制御部開口扉725及び制御部棚726が設けられる。
 制御部開口724は、制御部6を下部支柱72の内部に収容するため、支柱の側面に設けられた開口である。制御部6を出し入れるすることができる形態であれば、その形態に特に限定はない。
As shown in FIG. 10A, the lower support column 72 is provided with a control unit opening 724 for housing the control unit 6, a control unit opening door 725, and a control unit shelf 726.
The control unit opening 724 is an opening provided on the side surface of the support post to accommodate the control unit 6 inside the lower support post 72. The form is not particularly limited as long as the control unit 6 can be put in and out. The control unit opening 724 is an opening provided on the side surface of the support post to accommodate the control unit 6 inside the lower support post 72. The form is not particularly limited as long as the control unit 6 can be put in and out.

 制御部開口扉725は、図10(b)に示すように、制御部開口724を閉塞するための扉である。下部支柱72の内部に風雨が入り込むのを防ぎ、収容された制御部6を風雨や盗難等から防護する役割を担う。制御部開口724を閉塞することができる形態であれば、その形態に特に限定はない。また、制御部開口扉725を、下部支柱72に取り付ける手段についても特に限定はないが、例えば、ネジ止め、係止、一辺に蝶番を取り付ける手段等を挙げることができる。 The control unit opening door 725 is a door for closing the control unit opening 724, as shown in FIG. 10 (b). It plays a role of preventing wind and rain from entering the lower support column 72 and protecting the housed control unit 6 from wind and rain and theft. The form is not particularly limited as long as the control part opening 724 can be closed. Also, the means for attaching the control portion opening door 725 to the lower support post 72 is not particularly limited, and examples thereof include screwing, locking, and means for attaching a hinge on one side.

 制御部棚726は、図10(b)に示すように、下部支柱72の内部空間に地面と略水平に設けられ、制御部6を載置するための棚である。制御部6を載置することができる形態であれば、その形態に特に限定はない。但し、支柱内部の空間を水平方向にすべて埋めるのではなく、ケーブルを挿通させる空間を保持することが好ましい。 As shown in FIG. 10B, the control unit shelf 726 is provided approximately horizontally with the ground in the internal space of the lower support column 72, and is a shelf for mounting the control unit 6. The form is not particularly limited as long as the control unit 6 can be placed. However, it is preferable not to fill the space inside the support column entirely in the horizontal direction but to maintain a space through which the cable is inserted.

 下部支柱72の上端には、上部支柱71と接続するための上端接続部727が設けられる。また、下部支柱72の下端には、設置地面又は設置地面に設けられたコンクリート基礎等と固定・接続するための下端接続部728が設けられる。本発明において、上端接続部727と下端接続部728の形態について限定はない。例えば、図10(a)に示すように、上端接続部727として、上端面に、上部支柱71の下端接続部714の形状に対応したボルト孔を設ける態様を挙げることができ、下端接続部728として、ボルト孔を設けた鍔部を形成し、設置地面又は設置地面に設けられたコンクリート基礎等と、ボルト止めする態様を挙げることができる。 An upper end connection portion 727 for connecting with the upper support 71 is provided at the upper end of the lower support 72. Further, at the lower end of the lower support column 72, a lower end connection portion 728 for fixing and connecting to the installation ground or a concrete foundation or the like provided on the installation ground is provided. In the present invention, the forms of the upper end connecting portion 727 and the lower end connecting portion 728 are not limited. For example, as shown in FIG. 10A, as the upper end connection portion 727, there can be mentioned a mode in which a bolt hole corresponding to the shape of the lower end connection portion 714 of the upper support column 71 is provided on the upper end face. As an example, there can be mentioned an aspect in which a flange portion provided with a bolt hole is formed, and a concrete foundation or the like provided on the installation ground or the installation ground is bolted.

 ここまでは、本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯1を構成する各部について、詳細
に説明してきた。
 ここからは、ハイブリッド発電式街路灯1を構成する各部が配設される位置関係について説明する。
Up to this point, each component of the hybrid power generation street lamp 1 according to the present invention has been described in detail.
From here, the positional relationship in which each part which comprises hybrid generation type street lamp 1 is arrange | positioned is demonstrated.

 図1に示すとおり、本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯1は、風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3、照明部4、蓄電部5及び制御部6が、支柱7に取り付けられることにより構成される。支柱7が、上部支柱71と下部支柱72から構成される場合は、風量発電部2、太陽光発電部3及び照明部4が上部支柱71に取り付けられ、蓄電部5及び制御部6が下部支柱72の内部に収容される。 As shown in FIG. 1, the hybrid streetlight 1 according to the present invention is configured by attaching a wind power generation unit 2, a solar power generation unit 3, a lighting unit 4, a storage unit 5 and a control unit 6 to a support 7. Be done. When the support 7 includes the upper support 71 and the lower support 72, the air flow generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, and the lighting unit 4 are attached to the upper support 71, and the storage unit 5 and the control unit 6 are the lower support. 72 housed inside.

 風力発電部2は、上部支柱71の上端に取り付けられ、風力発電部2の接続部27と上部支柱71の上端接続部713とを接続することによって取り付けられる。風力発電部2は、すべての方角からの風を捕らえるため、ハイブリッド発電式街路灯1の最上部に取り付けられることが好ましい。 The wind power generation unit 2 is attached to the upper end of the upper support 71, and is attached by connecting the connection unit 27 of the wind power generation unit 2 and the upper end connection unit 713 of the upper support 71. The wind power generation unit 2 is preferably attached to the top of the hybrid streetlight 1 in order to catch winds from all directions.

 太陽光発電部3は、風力発電部2の下方又は直下に取り付けられる。例えば、太陽光発電部3の接続部32が、抱持部33を介して、上部支柱71に取り付けられる。
 太陽光発電部3は、太陽光(日照)を最大限捕らえるため、太陽光パネル31を南の方角に向けて取り付け、太陽光パネル31の上端側が支柱7に向かって傾斜するように取り付けられる。
The solar power generation unit 3 is attached below or directly below the wind power generation unit 2. For example, the connection portion 32 of the photovoltaic power generation unit 3 is attached to the upper support 71 via the holding unit 33.
In order to capture sunlight (sunlight) as much as possible, the solar power generation unit 3 is attached so that the solar panel 31 is directed in the south direction, and the upper end side of the solar panel 31 is inclined toward the support 7. In order to capture sunlight (sunlight) as much as possible, the solar power generation unit 3 is attached so that the solar panel 31 is directed in the south direction, and the upper end side of the solar panel 31 is inclined toward the support 7 ..

照明部4は、太陽光発電部3の下方又は直下に取り付けられる。例えば、照明部4の接続部42が、抱持部43を介して、上部支柱71に取り付けられる。照明部4は、風力発電部2及び太陽光発電部3よりも下方に取り付けられることが好ましい。風力発電部2及び太陽光発電部3が、照明41による照射の妨げになることを避けるためである。
但し、本発明においては、照明部4が、ハイブリッド発電式街路灯1の最上部に取り付けられることを排除するものではない。 However, in the present invention, it is not excluded that the lighting unit 4 is attached to the uppermost portion of the hybrid power generation type street light 1. The lighting unit 4 is attached below or directly below the solar power generation unit 3. For example, the connection portion 42 of the lighting unit 4 is attached to the upper support 71 via the holding unit 43. The lighting unit 4 is preferably mounted below the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3. It is for avoiding that the wind-power-generation part 2 and the solar power generation part 3 become obstruction of irradiation by the illumination 41. FIG. The lighting unit 4 is attached below or directly below the solar power generation unit 3. For example, the connection portion 42 of the lighting unit 4 is attached to the upper support 71 via the holding unit 43. The lighting unit 4 is preferably mounted below the wind power generation unit 2 and the solar power generation unit 3. It is for avoiding that the wind-power-generation part 2 and the solar power generation part 3 become obstruction of irradiation by the illumination 41. FIG.
However, in the present invention, it is not excluded that the lighting unit 4 is attached to the top of the hybrid power generation street lamp 1. However, in the present invention, it is not excluded that the lighting unit 4 is attached to the top of the hybrid power generation street lamp 1.

蓄電部5は、下部支柱72の内部に収容される。収容する手段に限定はないが、図10(b)に示すように、下部支柱72に蓄電部棚723を設け、ここに載置する手段を挙げることができる。 Power storage unit 5 is housed inside lower column 72. Although there is no limitation on the means to be accommodated, as shown in FIG. 10B, the lower support column 72 may be provided with the storage unit shelf 723 and may be mounted on the lower support column 72.

制御部6は、下部支柱72の内部に収容される。収容する手段に限定はないが、図10(b)に示すように、下部支柱72に制御部棚726を設け、ここに載置する手段を挙げることができる。
尚、蓄電部5と制御部6との位置関係に限定はなく、蓄電部5が制御部6の下方に収容されてもよい。 The positional relationship between the power storage unit 5 and the control unit 6 is not limited, and the power storage unit 5 may be housed below the control unit 6. The control unit 6 is housed inside the lower support column 72. Although there is no limitation on the means to be accommodated, as shown in FIG. 10 (b), the lower support column 72 may be provided with the control unit shelf 726, and the means to be placed there may be mentioned. The control unit 6 is housed inside the lower support column 72. Although there is no limitation on the means to be accommodated, as shown in FIG. 10 (b), the lower support column 72 may be provided with the control unit shelf 726, and the means to be placed there may be mentioned.
The positional relationship between the storage unit 5 and the control unit 6 is not limited, and the storage unit 5 may be accommodated below the control unit 6. The positional relationship between the storage unit 5 and the control unit 6 is not limited, and the storage unit 5 may be accommodated below the control unit 6.

 風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3、照明部4、蓄電部5及び制御部6は、電気ケーブルで接続される。詳しくは、図7に示す概略接続図のとおり、風力発電部2、太陽光発電部3、照明部4及び蓄電部5が、制御部6と直接接続され、制御部6を介して相互に接続される。各電気ケーブルは、支柱7の内部に挿通される。
尚、本発明において、ハイブリッド発電式街路灯1には、公知公用の避雷針を採用し取り付けてもよく、避雷針と地面とを接続する接地線は、支柱7の内外のいずれに配線されてもよい。 In the present invention, the hybrid power generation type street light 1 may be attached by adopting a publicly known lightning rod, and the ground wire connecting the lightning rod and the ground may be wired inside or outside the support column 7. .. The wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the illumination unit 4, the storage unit 5, and the control unit 6 are connected by an electric cable. Specifically, as shown in the schematic connection diagram shown in FIG. 7, the wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the lighting unit 4 and the storage unit 5 are directly connected to the control unit 6 and mutually connected via the control unit 6 Be done. Each electrical cable is inserted into the inside of the support 7. The wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the illumination unit 4, the storage unit 5, and the control unit 6 are connected by an electric cable. Specifically, as shown in the schematic connection diagram shown in FIG. 7 , the wind power generation unit 2, the solar power generation unit 3, the lighting unit 4 and the storage unit 5 are directly connected to the control unit 6 and mutually connected via the control unit 6 Be done. Each electrical cable is inserted into the inside of the support 7.
In the present invention, a known lightning rod for public use may be adopted and attached to the hybrid power generation street lamp 1, and a ground wire connecting the lightning rod to the ground may be wired anywhere inside or outside the support 7. . In the present invention, a known lightning rod for public use may be adopted and attached to the hybrid power generation street lamp 1, and a ground wire connecting the lightning rod to the ground may be wired anywhere inside or outside the support 7.

本発明に係るハイブリッド発電式街路灯は、風力発電と太陽光発電の2種の発電手段を有し、この発電した電力を蓄電する機能をも併せ持つため、外部からの電源供給を必要としない。そのため、災害などによる停電時にも、街路灯として照明を点灯させる機能を失うことがなく、更には、外部電源との接続工事が不要であるため、設置が容易という利点がある。更にまた、自然エネルギーを利用して発電するため、自然環境にも配慮した街路灯である。
これらの特徴から、送電線から電力供給を受ける既存の街路灯に代替するものとして、広く利用することができる。 Due to these characteristics, it can be widely used as an alternative to existing street lights that receive power from transmission lines. 特に、送電環境が整わない発展途上国等においても、広く利用することができる。 In particular, it can be widely used even in developing countries where the power transmission environment is not ready. The hybrid power generation street lamp according to the present invention has two types of power generation means of wind power generation and solar power generation, and also has a function of storing the generated electric power, so it does not require external power supply. Therefore, even at the time of a power failure due to a disaster or the like, there is no loss of the function of lighting the light as a street light, and further, there is an advantage that installation is easy because connection work with an external power supply is unnecessary. Furthermore, in order to generate electricity using natural energy, it is a street light that also considers the natural environment. The hybrid power generation street lamp according to the present invention has two types of power generation means of wind power generation and solar power generation, and also has a function of storing the generated electric power, so it does not require external power supply. Therefore, even at the time of a power failure due to a disaster or the like, there is no loss of the function of lighting the light as a street light, and further, there is an advantage that installation is easy because connection work with an external power supply is unnecessary. Further, in order to generate electricity using natural energy, it is a street light that also considers the natural environment.
Because of these features, it can be widely used as an alternative to existing streetlights that receive power from transmission lines. In particular, it can be widely used even in developing countries where transmission environment is not established. Because of these features, it can be widely used as an alternative to existing streetlights that receive power from transmission lines. In particular, it can be widely used even in developing countries where transmission environment is not established.

 1  ハイブリッド発電式街路灯
 2  風力発電部
  21 垂直軸型風車
  22 縦長翼
  23 内向傾斜部
  24 軸部
  25 腕部
  26 制動部
  27 接続部
 3  太陽光発電部
  31 太陽光パネル
  32 接続部
  33 抱持部
 4  照明部
  41 照明
  42 接続部
  43 抱持部
 5  蓄電部
  51 バッテリー
  52 収容部
 6  制御部
  61 制御ユニット
  62 収容部
 7  支柱
  71 上部支柱
   711 ケーブル挿通孔
   712 フード
   713 上端接続部
   714 下端接続部
  72 下部支柱
   721 蓄電部開口
   722 蓄電部開口扉
   723 蓄電部棚
   724 制御部開口
   725 制御部開口扉
   726 制御部棚
   727 上端接続部
   728 下端接続部
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 hybrid generation type street light 2 wind power generation part 21 vertical axis wind turbine 22 vertical long wing 23 inward inclined part 24 axis part 25 arm part 26 braking part 27 connection part 3 solar power generation part 31 solar panel 32 connection part 33 holding part DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 4 illumination part 41 illumination 42 connection part 43 holding part 5 electrical storage part 51 battery 52 accommodation part 6 control part 61 control unit 62 accommodation part 7 post 71 upper support 711 cable penetration hole 712 hood 713 upper end connection part 714 lower end connection part 72 lower part Support column 721 Storage unit opening 722 Storage unit opening door 723 Storage unit shelf 724 Control unit opening 725 Control unit opening door 726 Control unit shelf 727 Upper end connection section 728 Lower end connection section

Claims (5)

  1.  次のA~Iを備えるハイブリッド発電式街路灯。
    A 発電機能を備えた垂直軸型風車を有する風力発電部B 発電機能を備えた太陽光パネルを有する太陽光発電部C 前記A又はBによって発電された電力を蓄電するバッテリーを2以上備えた蓄電部D 前記Cに蓄電された電力により点灯する照明部E 前記A~Dの動作を制御する制御部F 前記A~Eが取り付けられる支柱部G 前記垂直型風車が、相対向する2枚の縦長翼により構成され、縦長翼の上下端部は、軸方向に向かって傾斜する内向傾斜部を形成していることH 前記垂直軸型風車が、風車の回転を減速又は制止する制動部を有することI 前記太陽光パネルは、前記垂直軸型風車の下方に位置し、該太陽光パネルの上端側が支柱部に向かって傾斜していることHybrid-powered streetlight with the following AI: A Wind power generation unit with a vertical axis wind turbine equipped with a power generation function B Solar power generation unit with a solar panel with a power generation function C Storage with two or more batteries that store the power generated by A or B Part D Lighting unit that lights up by the power stored in C C Control unit F that controls the operation of A to D Support column G to which A to E are attached Two vertically long wind turbines facing each other The upper and lower ends of the vertically long blades are composed of wings and form an inwardly inclined portion that inclines in the axial direction. H The vertical axis type wind turbine has a braking portion that slows down or stops the rotation of the wind turbine. I The solar panel is located below the vertical axis wind turbine, and the upper end side of the solar panel is inclined toward the support column. Hybrid-powered streetlight with the following AI:
    A Wind power generation unit B having a vertical axis type wind turbine provided with a power generation function Solar power generation unit C having a solar panel provided with a power generation function Electric storage provided with two or more batteries for storing electric power generated by A or B Part D Lighting part E lit by electric power stored in C Control part F for controlling the operation of A to D Column part G to which A to E is attached Two vertically elongated wind turbines The upper and lower end portions of the longitudinally elongated wing form an inward inclined portion which inclines in the axial direction. The vertical axis wind turbine has a braking portion for decelerating or stopping the rotation of the wind turbine. I The solar panel is located below the vertical axis wind turbine, and the upper end of the solar panel is inclined toward the support column A Wind power generation unit B having a vertical axis type wind turbine provided with a power generation function Solar power generation unit C having a solar panel provided with a power generation function Electric storage provided with two or more batteries for storing electric power generated by A or B Part D Lighting part E lit by electric power stored in C Control part F for controlling the operation of A to D Column part G to which A to E is attached Two vertically elongated wind turbines The upper and lower end portions of the longitudinally elongated wing The vertical axis wind turbine has a braking portion for decelerating or stopping the rotation of the wind turbine. I The solar panel is located below the vertical axis wind turbine, and the upper end of the solar panel is inclined toward the support column
  2.  制御部が、少なくとも次の機能を備えることを特徴とする請求項1に記載のハイブリッド発電式街路灯。
     (1)風力発電部と太陽光発電部との選択
     (2)蓄電するバッテリーの選択
     (3)照明部へ電力を供給するバッテリーの選択
     (4)照明部の制御
     (5)風力発電部及び太陽光発電部の電圧及び電流の計測、並びに、蓄電部の電圧及び電流の計測
     (6)AC/DC変換
     (7)制動部の制御
    The hybrid powered street light according to claim 1, wherein the control unit has at least the following functions.
    (1) Selection of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit (2) Selection of battery to be stored (3) Selection of battery to supply power to lighting unit (4) Control of lighting unit (5) Wind power generation unit and solar Measurement of voltage and current of photovoltaic unit and measurement of voltage and current of storage unit (6) AC / DC conversion (7) Control of braking unit (1) Selection of wind power generation unit and solar power generation unit (2) Selection of battery to be stored (3) Selection of battery to supply power to lighting unit (4) Control of lighting unit (5) Wind power generation unit and solar Measurement of voltage and current of photovoltaic unit and measurement of voltage and current of storage unit (6) AC / DC conversion (7) Control of braking unit
  3. 制御部が、太陽光発電部の計測値に基づいて、照明部の点灯又は消灯を選択する構成であることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載のハイブリッド発電式街路灯。 The hybrid power generation street light according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the control unit is configured to select lighting or extinguishing of the lighting unit based on the measurement value of the solar power generation unit.
  4.  制御部が、風力発電部の計測値に基づいて、制動部によって風車の回転を減速又は制止するよう選択する構成であることを特徴とする請求項1~3のいずれかに記載のハイブリッド発電式街路灯。 The hybrid power generation system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the control unit is configured to select to reduce or stop the rotation of the wind turbine by the braking unit based on the measurement value of the wind power generation unit. Street light.
  5.  支柱部が、上部支柱と下部支柱から構成され、風力発電部、太陽光発電部及び照明部が、上部支柱に取り付けられ、蓄電部及び制御部が、下部支柱の内部に収容されていること
    を特徴とする請求項1~4のいずれかに記載のハイブリッド発電式街路灯。
    The support is composed of an upper support and a lower support, the wind power generation unit, the solar power generation unit and the lighting unit are attached to the upper support, and the storage unit and the control unit are accommodated inside the lower support. A hybrid powered street light according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that
PCT/JP2011/068447 2011-08-12 2011-08-12 Hybrid generation-type streetlamp WO2013024515A1 (en)

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