WO2012029192A1 - Solar cell panel mount and solar cell device - Google Patents

Solar cell panel mount and solar cell device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012029192A1
WO2012029192A1 PCT/JP2010/066414 JP2010066414W WO2012029192A1 WO 2012029192 A1 WO2012029192 A1 WO 2012029192A1 JP 2010066414 W JP2010066414 W JP 2010066414W WO 2012029192 A1 WO2012029192 A1 WO 2012029192A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
solar cell
rafter
cell panel
girder
shaft member
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/JP2010/066414
Other languages
French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
了 渡辺
伸一 栗田
健司 大崎
Original Assignee
株式会社Lixil
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 株式会社Lixil filed Critical 株式会社Lixil
Publication of WO2012029192A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012029192A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/10Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules extending in directions away from a supporting surface
    • F24S25/12Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules extending in directions away from a supporting surface using posts in combination with upper profiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/70Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules with means for adjusting the final position or orientation of supporting elements in relation to each other or to a mounting surface; with means for compensating mounting tolerances
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/10Supporting structures directly fixed to the ground
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/01Special support components; Methods of use
    • F24S2025/018Means for preventing movements, e.g. stops
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/80Special profiles
    • F24S2025/802Special profiles having circular or oval cross-section
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/80Special profiles
    • F24S2025/806Special profiles having curved portions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/16Hinged elements; Pin connections
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a solar cell panel frame for fixing a solar cell panel to a site, a roof, or the like while maintaining a predetermined posture, and a solar cell device equipped with the solar cell panel.
  • Patent Document 1 discloses an apparatus that can adjust the angle of a solar cell panel. According to this, it consists of a flat plate solar cell module and a frame material for gripping the peripheral portion of the solar cell module, and the frame material has a predetermined end on the roof surface of the building.
  • a rail-shaped gantry laid with a mounting interval is configured to be rotatably mounted in a vertical plane perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the gantry.
  • the angle can be adjusted, but when adjusting to a specific angle, the inclination angle is determined from the dimensions such as the height and length of the solar cell panel as in the past. Was getting. Therefore, the size of each device must be specified and installed, which is troublesome. In particular, in the case of a large-scale facility in which a large number of devices are arranged in parallel, the effort is not negligible.
  • an object of the present invention is to provide a solar cell panel mount that can easily and accurately adjust the inclination angle while having a simple structure. Moreover, a solar cell apparatus provided with this solar cell panel mount is provided.
  • the invention described in claim 1 is a solar cell panel mount (10) in which a solar cell panel (2) is held and installed in a predetermined posture, and is a girder (12) which is a long rod-shaped member. And a rafter (13) which is a long rod-like member which is arranged on the girder so as to be orthogonal to the girder, and on which the solar cell panel is fixed, and a rafter attachment bracket ( 20), and the rafter mounting bracket is provided with a shaft member (21) provided on one side of the girder or the rafter, and a rotation member provided on the other side of the girder or rafter and rotatably provided on the shaft member ( 22), and the shaft member and the rotating member are provided with angle indicating means (21d, 22d) that makes it possible to visually recognize the relative positional relationship between the shaft member and the rotating member. It is the solar cell panel mount characterized by these.
  • the invention described in claim 2 is the solar cell panel mount (10) according to claim 1, wherein either one of the angles on the shaft member (21) side or the rotating member (22) side is indicated.
  • the means is a plurality of marks (21d) provided on the outer peripheral surface at predetermined intervals, and the other angle indicating means on the shaft member side or the rotating member side is a display (22d) indicating the marks.
  • the solar cell panel (2) is fixed to the upper surface of the rafter (13) of the solar cell panel mount (10) described in claim 1 or 2. It is a solar cell device (1).
  • the present invention it is possible to easily and accurately adjust the inclination angle while having a simple structure, and it is possible to improve the construction efficiency.
  • FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line III-III in FIG. 2.
  • FIG. 4 is an enlarged view paying attention to a portion on the lower side in the tilt direction in FIG. 3. It is the figure which expanded the site
  • FIG. 4 is an enlarged view paying attention to a portion on the higher side in the inclination direction in FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram in which a plurality of solar cell devices 1 including a solar cell mount 10 (see FIG. 2) according to one embodiment are arranged in parallel on a site in a plan view (a view looking down from above).
  • FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a part of the solar cell device 1 shown in FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line III-III in FIG.
  • the solar cell panel mount 10 and the solar cell device 1 will be described with reference to FIGS.
  • the solar cell device 1 includes a solar cell panel 2 and a solar cell panel mount 10 that holds the solar cell panel 2 in a predetermined position at a predetermined position.
  • the solar cell panel 2 is a plate-like member as a whole in which a large number of solar cell elements are arranged on the glass plate surface. A plurality of the solar cell panels 2 are arranged along the site, and sunlight is irradiated here to obtain electric power.
  • the kind of solar cell panel is not particularly limited, and a known solar cell panel can be used.
  • the solar cell panel mount 10 includes a foundation 11, a girder 12, a rafter 13, a girder fixing bracket 14, a column 15, and a rafter mounting bracket 20.
  • the solar cell panel base 10 simply has the following structure. That is, the girders 12 and 12 are arranged on the foundation 11, and the rafters 13, 13,... Are arranged on the girders 12, and the girder 12, 12 and the rafters 13, 13,. . .. Are arranged on the rafters 13, 13,...
  • the rafter 13 and the solar cell panel 2 are inclined at an angle ⁇ with respect to the horizontal plane by lowering one side in the longitudinal direction of the rafter 13 and increasing the other side. This angle ⁇ is determined from the irradiation angle and direction of sunlight, the relationship with the adjacent solar cell devices 1, 1, etc., and is usually 10 ° to 35 °.
  • This angle ⁇ is determined from the irradiation angle and direction of sunlight, the relationship with the adjacent solar cell devices 1, 1, etc., and is usually 10
  • the foundation 11 is a member that serves as a foundation when the solar cell panel mount 10 is installed on the site, and is formed of, for example, block-shaped concrete or a pile.
  • the lower part of the foundation 11 is buried in the ground, and the upper part is arranged so as to protrude from the ground surface.
  • the foundation 11 of the present embodiment is predetermined in two directions in the longitudinal direction of the rafters 13, that is, in the inclination direction of the solar cell panel 2, and in a direction perpendicular to this (the longitudinal direction of the girders 12).
  • a plurality are arranged with an interval of.
  • FIG. 4 is a diagram focusing on the lower portion of FIG.
  • FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion indicated by V in FIG.
  • a girder fixing bracket 14 is provided on the upper surface of the foundation 11.
  • the girder fixing bracket 14 has a base fixing piece 14a arranged along the surface of the base 11 in the cross section shown in FIG. 5, and two standing pieces standing from the base fixing piece 14a at a predetermined interval. 14b and 14c.
  • the base fixing piece 14a of the girder fixing bracket 14 is fixed to the base 11 by a fixing member such as a bolt.
  • the girder 12 is disposed so as to be inserted between the standing pieces 14b and 14c, and both are fixed by bolts or screws.
  • the girder 12 is a long member, and has a cross section appearing in FIGS. 4 and 5 and is arranged so as to extend in the back / near direction in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 (see FIG. 2). As described above, the girder 12 is inserted between the standing pieces 14b and 14c of the girder fixing bracket 14 and fixed with bolts or screws. As can be seen from FIG. 2, the long girder 12 is installed so as to pass between the girder fixing brackets 14, 14,.
  • a rafter mounting bracket 20 is provided on a portion of the upper surface of the girder 12 where the rafter 13 is disposed.
  • the rafter mounting bracket 20 is a member that connects the beam 12 and the rafter 13 and includes an inclination adjusting means and an angle indicating means.
  • FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the rafter mounting bracket 20 in FIG.
  • FIG. 7 is a view of the rafter mounting bracket 20 as seen from the direction of VII in FIG.
  • the rafter mounting bracket 20 includes a shaft member 21 and a rotating member 22, as can be seen from FIGS.
  • the shaft member 21 includes a cylindrical shaft 21a and girder mounting pieces 21b and 21c. Of these, the cylindrical shaft 21a is a hollow cylindrical portion.
  • the cylindrical shaft 21a has a plurality of grooves 21d, 21d,...
  • the grooves 21d, 21d,... Are V-shaped grooves parallel to the axial direction of the cylindrical shaft 21a, and the grooves are formed at equal intervals with an angle ⁇ around the axis, as can be seen from FIG.
  • the value of ⁇ is not particularly limited, but in this embodiment ⁇ is 5 °.
  • Steps 21e and 21f are provided on the outer peripheral surface of the cylindrical shaft 21a in the cylindrical thickness direction.
  • the girder mounting pieces 21b and 21c are flat plate-like members extending along the upper surface of the girder 12 from the lower part of the cylindrical shaft 21a. As can be seen from FIG. 5, the ends of the girder mounting pieces 21 b and 21 c are formed to engage with the girder 12. Further, the girder mounting pieces 21 b and 21 c are fixed to the girder 12 by a fixing member such as a screw (not shown), and the shaft member 21 is attached to the girder 12.
  • the rotation member 22 includes a rotation piece 22a and rafter attachment pieces 22e and 22f.
  • the rotating piece 22 a is a cylindrical member disposed so as to enclose and surround the outer periphery of the cylindrical shaft 21 a, and a part of the cylindrical shape is notched. It has a shape.
  • the rotation member 22 is provided with tilt angle instruction displays 22 d and 22 d as a display of the angle instruction means on a part of the outer peripheral surface thereof.
  • the inclination angle instruction displays 22d and 22d are displays indicating the grooves 21d and 21d described above. Further, as can be seen from FIG.
  • the notched end portion of the rotating piece 22a is bent toward the cylindrical shaft 21a to form projections 22b and 22c facing inward.
  • the rafter attachment pieces 22e and 22f are flat members extending along the lower surface of the rafter 13 from the upper part of the rotating piece 22a.
  • the rafter attachment pieces 22 e and 22 f are fixed to the rafter 13 by a fixing member such as a screw (not shown), and the rotating member 22 is attached to the rafter 13.
  • the rotation member 22a of the rotation member 22 is disposed so that the shaft member 21 and the rotation member 22 surround the outer peripheral surface of the cylindrical shaft 21a of the shaft member 21. Thereby, the shaft member 21 and the rotation member 22 are connected to each other so as to be rotatable.
  • the cylindrical shaft 21a of the shaft member 21 and the length of the rotating piece 22a of the rotating member 22 in the rotating shaft direction are longer in the cylindrical shaft 21a than in the rotating piece 22a. It is formed. Therefore, the grooves 21d, 21d,... Of the cylindrical shaft 21a can be visually recognized.
  • An inclination angle instruction display 22d is provided so as to point to the grooves 21d and 21d.
  • the range of rotation between the shaft member 21 and the rotation member 22 includes steps 21e and 21f provided on the cylindrical shaft 21a on the protrusions 22b and 22c provided on the rotation piece 22a. It is restricted by being caught, and excessive rotation is prohibited.
  • the position of the shaft member 21 and the rotating member 22 is fixed by fixing members 23 and 24 such as screws that pass through the rotating piece 22a and are screwed into the cylindrical shaft 21a. be able to.
  • the beam 12 is fixed to the shaft member 21 side, the rafter 13 is fixed to the rotating member 22 side, and the shaft member 21 and the rotating member 22 are rotatably connected.
  • the rotation member 22 can rotate.
  • the inclination angle ( ⁇ in FIG. 3) with respect to the horizontal plane of the rafter 13 fixed to the rotation member 22 and the solar cell panel 2 attached to the rafter 13 is adjusted as indicated by an arrow C in FIG. 5.
  • the inclination angle instruction display 22d of the rotating piece 22a is set to the tilt angle with the horizontal plane of the rafter 13 (solar cell panel 2). Then, by changing the inclination angle ⁇ , the inclination angle instruction displays 22d and 22d move (rotate) as shown by the broken lines in FIG. 7, and the groove 21d indicated by this changes, so that the inclination angle at that time can be accurately known. be able to. Therefore, it becomes possible to set the inclination angle of the solar cell panels 2, 2,. In particular, when a large number of solar cell devices are juxtaposed on a large site, it is necessary to install the solar cells in accordance with the inclination angles, so that the rafter mounting bracket 20 can be used to facilitate the construction. Efficiency can be improved.
  • the angle display means on the shaft member 22 side is the groove 21d, but the present invention is not limited to this.
  • an end cap may be provided at the axial end of the shaft member, and the angle display means may be formed here.
  • the mode in which the beam 12 is fixed to the shaft member 21 side and the rafter 13 is fixed to the rotating member 22 side has been described. That is, the same effect can be obtained in an aspect in which the shaft member is fixed to the rafter side and the rotating member is arranged on the girder side.
  • FIG. 8 shows an enlarged view focusing on a portion around the foundation 11 arranged on the higher side in the tilt direction in FIG.
  • the girder fixing bracket 14, the girder 12, and the rafter mounting bracket 20 are also provided on the higher side in the inclination direction. Since these members are common to the above-described girder fixing bracket 14, the girder 12, and the rafter mounting bracket 20 provided on the lower side in the tilt direction, description thereof is omitted here.
  • a support column 15 is provided between the girder fixing bracket 14 and the girder 12 on the side of the foundation 11 arranged on the higher side in the tilt direction.
  • the column 15 is a columnar member that holds the beam fixing bracket 14 and the beam 12 in a predetermined positional relationship as can be seen from FIG.
  • the rafters 13 are arranged so as to pass the girders 12 arranged on the lower side in the tilt direction and the girders 12 arranged on the higher side in the tilt direction, and a plurality of the rafters 13 are arranged in parallel in the longitudinal direction of the girders 12.
  • the rafter 13 is attached to the beam 12 via the rafter mounting bracket 20 whose inclination angle can be changed.
  • the solar cell panel 2, 2, ... is laid on the upper surface of the rafter 13.
  • the solar cell panel mount 10 and the solar cell device 1 described above are not limited by the size of one solar cell device or the number (scale) in which the solar cell devices are arranged in parallel.
  • the effect is particularly remarkable in a large-scale facility where a large number of solar cell devices are arranged. That is, in a large-scale facility, it is necessary to set an inclination angle for a large number of all solar cell devices. Therefore, according to the present invention, it is possible to directly obtain the inclination angle, and the construction can be easily performed.
  • the accuracy of the inclination angle is poor, the variation in inclination is conspicuous, which is not preferable in terms of appearance.
  • the inclination angles are uniform among a large number of solar cell devices, which is preferable in appearance.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Sustainable Energy (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
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  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)
  • Roof Covering Using Slabs Or Stiff Sheets (AREA)

Abstract

Disclosed is a simply-structured solar cell panel mount capable of accurate and easy adjustment of the inclination angle. The solar cell panel mount, on which a solar cell panel is retained in a prescribed position and installed, is provided with: a column (12) that is a long rod-like member; a rafter that is a long rod-like member arranged above the column so as to cross said column and on which a solar cell panel is fixed; and a rafter attachment bracket (20) connecting the column and the rafter. The rafter attachment bracket has a shaft member (21) disposed on one of the column or the rafter, and a rotation member (22) disposed on the other of the column or the rafter and capable of rotating on said shaft member. The shaft member and the rotation member are provided with an angle indicator means that makes it possible to visually ascertain the relative position of said shaft member and said rotation member.

Description

太陽電池パネル架台、及び太陽電池装置Solar cell panel mount and solar cell device
 本発明は、太陽電池パネルを敷地や屋根等に所定の姿勢を維持して固定するための太陽電池パネル架台、及びこれに太陽電池パネルを装着した太陽電池装置に関する。 The present invention relates to a solar cell panel frame for fixing a solar cell panel to a site, a roof, or the like while maintaining a predetermined posture, and a solar cell device equipped with the solar cell panel.
 地球環境保護の観点から、クリーンエネルギーとして太陽電池発電による電力利用が注目されている。例えば、一般住宅の屋根に太陽電池パネルを設置し、家庭内で使用する電力を補助するという態様がよく知られている。近年においては太陽電池による大規模発電が模索され、広大な敷地に多数の太陽電池パネルを設置して多量の電力を供給する試みが行われている。 From the viewpoint of protecting the global environment, the use of electric power by solar cell power generation is attracting attention as clean energy. For example, a mode in which a solar cell panel is installed on the roof of a general house to assist electric power used in the home is well known. In recent years, large-scale power generation using solar cells has been sought, and attempts have been made to supply a large amount of power by installing a large number of solar cell panels on a vast site.
 太陽電池による発電では、太陽の位置との関係から、わが国では太陽電池パネルを水平から30°の傾きで傾斜させて設置するのが好ましいことが知られている。しかしながら、太陽電池パネルを多数配置する場合には、太陽電池パネルをできるだけ密に配置する必要があり、隣り合う太陽電池パネルとの関係や、設置する向き等の設置環境に応じて傾斜角度を精度よく変更することが要求される。 In the case of power generation using a solar cell, it is known that in Japan, it is preferable to install the solar cell panel with an inclination of 30 ° from the horizontal in relation to the position of the sun. However, when a large number of solar cell panels are arranged, it is necessary to arrange the solar cell panels as densely as possible, and the inclination angle is accurate according to the relationship with the adjacent solar cell panels and the installation environment such as the installation direction. It is required to change well.
 特許文献1には、太陽電池パネルの角度を調整することができる装置が開示されている。これによれば、平板状の太陽電池モジュールと、太陽電池モジュールの周縁部を把持するための枠材とから成り、枠材は、該枠材の基端部が、建物の屋根面に所定の取付間隔をおいて敷設されたレール状の架台に対して、該架台の長手方向と直交する垂直面内で回動可能に取付けられるように構成されていることを特徴としている。 Patent Document 1 discloses an apparatus that can adjust the angle of a solar cell panel. According to this, it consists of a flat plate solar cell module and a frame material for gripping the peripheral portion of the solar cell module, and the frame material has a predetermined end on the roof surface of the building. A rail-shaped gantry laid with a mounting interval is configured to be rotatably mounted in a vertical plane perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the gantry.
特開2007-224538号公報JP 2007-224538 A
 しかしながら、特許文献1に記載の装置では、角度の調整は可能であるが、具体的なある角度に調整するに際しては、従来のように太陽電池パネルの高さ、長さ等の寸法から傾斜角度を得ていた。従って、装置ごとにその寸法を特定し、設置しなければならなかったのでその手間が大きかった。特に大量の装置を並列するような大規模な施設とする場合にはその手間も無視できるものではない。 However, in the apparatus described in Patent Document 1, the angle can be adjusted, but when adjusting to a specific angle, the inclination angle is determined from the dimensions such as the height and length of the solar cell panel as in the past. Was getting. Therefore, the size of each device must be specified and installed, which is troublesome. In particular, in the case of a large-scale facility in which a large number of devices are arranged in parallel, the effort is not negligible.
 そこで本発明は上記問題に鑑み、簡易な構造でありながら傾斜角度を精度よく容易に調整できる太陽電池パネル架台を提供することを課題とする。また、該太陽電池パネル架台を備える太陽電池装置を提供する。 Therefore, in view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a solar cell panel mount that can easily and accurately adjust the inclination angle while having a simple structure. Moreover, a solar cell apparatus provided with this solar cell panel mount is provided.
 以下、本発明について説明する。なお、本発明の理解を容易にするために添付図面の参照符号を括弧書きにて付記するが、それにより本発明が図示の形態に限定されるものではない。 Hereinafter, the present invention will be described. In order to facilitate understanding of the present invention, reference numerals in the accompanying drawings are appended in parentheses, but the present invention is not limited to the illustrated embodiment.
 請求の範囲第1項に記載の発明は、太陽電池パネル(2)を所定の姿勢に保持して設置する太陽電池パネル架台(10)であって、長尺の棒状部材である桁(12)と、該桁の上に桁に直交するように配置され、その上に太陽電池パネルが固定される長尺の棒状部材である垂木(13)と、桁と垂木とを連結する垂木取付金具(20)と、を備え、垂木取付金具は、桁又は垂木の一方に設けられる軸部材(21)と、桁又は垂木の他方に設けられ該軸部材に回動可能に具備される回動部材(22)とを有し、軸部材及び回動部材には、該軸部材と該回動部材との相対的な位置関係を視認可能とする角度指示手段(21d、22d)が設けられていることを特徴とする太陽電池パネル架台である。 The invention described in claim 1 is a solar cell panel mount (10) in which a solar cell panel (2) is held and installed in a predetermined posture, and is a girder (12) which is a long rod-shaped member. And a rafter (13) which is a long rod-like member which is arranged on the girder so as to be orthogonal to the girder, and on which the solar cell panel is fixed, and a rafter attachment bracket ( 20), and the rafter mounting bracket is provided with a shaft member (21) provided on one side of the girder or the rafter, and a rotation member provided on the other side of the girder or rafter and rotatably provided on the shaft member ( 22), and the shaft member and the rotating member are provided with angle indicating means (21d, 22d) that makes it possible to visually recognize the relative positional relationship between the shaft member and the rotating member. It is the solar cell panel mount characterized by these.
 請求の範囲第2項に記載の発明は、請求の範囲第1項に記載の太陽電池パネル架台(10)において、軸部材(21)側又は回転部材(22)側のいずれか一方の角度指示手段は、その外周面に所定の間隔で設けられた複数の印(21d)であり、軸部材側又は回転部材側の他方の角度指示手段は、印を指し示す表示(22d)であることを特徴とする。 The invention described in claim 2 is the solar cell panel mount (10) according to claim 1, wherein either one of the angles on the shaft member (21) side or the rotating member (22) side is indicated. The means is a plurality of marks (21d) provided on the outer peripheral surface at predetermined intervals, and the other angle indicating means on the shaft member side or the rotating member side is a display (22d) indicating the marks. And
 請求の範囲第3項に記載の発明は、請求の範囲第1項又は第2項に記載の太陽電池パネル架台(10)の垂木(13)の上面に太陽電池パネル(2)が固定された太陽電池装置(1)である。 In the invention described in claim 3, the solar cell panel (2) is fixed to the upper surface of the rafter (13) of the solar cell panel mount (10) described in claim 1 or 2. It is a solar cell device (1).
 本発明によれば、簡易な構造でありながら傾斜角度を精度よく容易に調整でき、その施工の効率を向上させることが可能である。 According to the present invention, it is possible to easily and accurately adjust the inclination angle while having a simple structure, and it is possible to improve the construction efficiency.
1つの実施形態にかかる太陽電池パネル架台を含む太陽電池装置が敷地に複数配列された場面を平面視した模式図である。It is the schematic diagram which planarly viewed the scene where the solar cell apparatus containing the solar cell panel mount concerning one embodiment was arranged in a site. 1つの太陽電池装置の平面図である。It is a top view of one solar cell apparatus. 図2のIII-III線に沿った断面図である。FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line III-III in FIG. 2. 図3のうち、傾斜方向で低い側となる部位に注目して拡大した図である。FIG. 4 is an enlarged view paying attention to a portion on the lower side in the tilt direction in FIG. 3. 図4のVで示した部位を拡大した図である。It is the figure which expanded the site | part shown by V of FIG. 垂木取付金具に注目して拡大した図である。It is the figure expanded paying attention to the rafter attachment bracket. 図6にVIIで示した方向から見た図である。It is the figure seen from the direction shown by VII in FIG. 図3のうち、傾斜方向で高い側となる部位に注目して拡大した図である。FIG. 4 is an enlarged view paying attention to a portion on the higher side in the inclination direction in FIG. 3.
 本発明の上記した作用及び利得は、次に説明する発明を実施するための形態から明らかにされる。以下本発明を図面に示す実施形態に基づき説明する。ただし、本発明はこれら実施形態に限定されるものではない。 The above-described operation and gain of the present invention will be clarified from embodiments for carrying out the invention described below. Hereinafter, the present invention will be described based on embodiments shown in the drawings. However, the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
 図1は、1つの実施形態にかかる太陽電池架台10(図2参照)を具備する太陽電池装置1が、敷地に複数並列された態様を平面視(上空から見下ろした視点)した図である。
  図2は、図1に示した太陽電池装置1のうちの1つに注目し、一部を破断して示した図である。
  図3は、図2にIII-IIIで示した線に沿った断面図である。
  以下、図1~図3及び適宜示す図を参照しつつ、太陽電池パネル架台10及び太陽電池装置1について説明する。
FIG. 1 is a diagram in which a plurality of solar cell devices 1 including a solar cell mount 10 (see FIG. 2) according to one embodiment are arranged in parallel on a site in a plan view (a view looking down from above).
FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a part of the solar cell device 1 shown in FIG.
3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line III-III in FIG.
Hereinafter, the solar cell panel mount 10 and the solar cell device 1 will be described with reference to FIGS.
 太陽電池装置1は、太陽電池パネル2、及びこれを所定の位置に所定の姿勢で保持する太陽電池パネル架台10を備えている。 The solar cell device 1 includes a solar cell panel 2 and a solar cell panel mount 10 that holds the solar cell panel 2 in a predetermined position at a predetermined position.
 太陽電池パネル2は、ガラス板表面に多数の太陽電池素子が配列された全体として板状の部材である。この太陽電池パネル2を敷地に沿って複数配列し、太陽光をここに照射させて電力を得る。
  ここで、太陽電池パネルの種類は特に限定されることはなく、公知の太陽電池パネルを用いることができる。
The solar cell panel 2 is a plate-like member as a whole in which a large number of solar cell elements are arranged on the glass plate surface. A plurality of the solar cell panels 2 are arranged along the site, and sunlight is irradiated here to obtain electric power.
Here, the kind of solar cell panel is not particularly limited, and a known solar cell panel can be used.
 太陽電池パネル架台10は、図2及び図3からわかるように、基礎11、桁12、垂木13、桁固定金具14、支柱15、及び垂木取付金具20を備える。
  太陽電池パネル架台10は、簡単には次のような構造を有している。すなわち、基礎11の上に桁12、12が配置され、該桁12の上に垂木13、13、…を配置し、桁12、12と垂木13、13、…とで格子状が形成される。そして垂木13、13、…の上に複数の太陽電池パネル2、2、…が配列される。このとき、図3からわかるように、垂木13の長手方向一方側が低く、他方側が高くされることにより、垂木13及び太陽電池パネル2が水平面に対してθの角度に傾けられている。
  この角度θは、太陽光の照射角度や向き、隣接する太陽電池装置1、1との関係等から決められ、通常は10°~35°である。
  以下、太陽電池パネル架台10の構成についてさらに詳しく説明する。
As can be seen from FIGS. 2 and 3, the solar cell panel mount 10 includes a foundation 11, a girder 12, a rafter 13, a girder fixing bracket 14, a column 15, and a rafter mounting bracket 20.
The solar cell panel base 10 simply has the following structure. That is, the girders 12 and 12 are arranged on the foundation 11, and the rafters 13, 13,... Are arranged on the girders 12, and the girder 12, 12 and the rafters 13, 13,. . .. Are arranged on the rafters 13, 13,... At this time, as can be seen from FIG. 3, the rafter 13 and the solar cell panel 2 are inclined at an angle θ with respect to the horizontal plane by lowering one side in the longitudinal direction of the rafter 13 and increasing the other side.
This angle θ is determined from the irradiation angle and direction of sunlight, the relationship with the adjacent solar cell devices 1, 1, etc., and is usually 10 ° to 35 °.
Hereinafter, the configuration of the solar cell panel mount 10 will be described in more detail.
 基礎11は、敷地に太陽電池パネル架台10を設置する際の基礎となる部材であり、例えばブロック状のコンクリートや杭により形成されている。基礎11の下部は地面に埋設され、その上部を地表から突出させるように配置する。本実施形態の基礎11は図2からわかるように、垂木13の長手方向、すなわち、太陽電池パネル2の傾き方向には2か所、これに直交する方向(桁12の長手方向)には所定の間隔を有して複数配列されている。 The foundation 11 is a member that serves as a foundation when the solar cell panel mount 10 is installed on the site, and is formed of, for example, block-shaped concrete or a pile. The lower part of the foundation 11 is buried in the ground, and the upper part is arranged so as to protrude from the ground surface. As can be seen from FIG. 2, the foundation 11 of the present embodiment is predetermined in two directions in the longitudinal direction of the rafters 13, that is, in the inclination direction of the solar cell panel 2, and in a direction perpendicular to this (the longitudinal direction of the girders 12). A plurality are arranged with an interval of.
 次に、太陽電池パネル架台10のうち、上記した太陽電池パネル2の傾斜方向で低い側に配置される基礎11(図2、図3にAで示した側)周辺に具備される各部材を説明する。図4は図3のうち、当該低い側となる部位に注目して示した図である。図5は、図4にVで示した部分を拡大した図である。 Next, each member provided in the periphery of the foundation 11 (the side indicated by A in FIGS. 2 and 3) disposed on the lower side in the inclination direction of the solar cell panel 2 in the solar cell panel mount 10. explain. FIG. 4 is a diagram focusing on the lower portion of FIG. FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion indicated by V in FIG.
 図3~図5からわかるように、基礎11の上面には桁固定金具14が備えられている。桁固定金具14は図5に現れる断面において基礎11の面に沿って配置される基礎固定片14aを有し、該基礎固定片14aから所定の間隔を有して立設する2つの立設片14b、14cを備えている。桁固定金具14の基礎固定片14aが基礎11にボルト等の固定部材により固定される。また、桁12が立設片14b、14cの間に差し込まれるように配置され、ボルトやネジにより両者が固定される。 As can be seen from FIGS. 3 to 5, a girder fixing bracket 14 is provided on the upper surface of the foundation 11. The girder fixing bracket 14 has a base fixing piece 14a arranged along the surface of the base 11 in the cross section shown in FIG. 5, and two standing pieces standing from the base fixing piece 14a at a predetermined interval. 14b and 14c. The base fixing piece 14a of the girder fixing bracket 14 is fixed to the base 11 by a fixing member such as a bolt. Further, the girder 12 is disposed so as to be inserted between the standing pieces 14b and 14c, and both are fixed by bolts or screws.
 桁12は、長尺の部材であり図4、図5に現れる断面を有して図4、図5の紙面奥/手前方向に延在するように配置されている(図2参照)。桁12は上記したように桁固定金具14の立設片14b、14cの間に差し込まれてボルトやネジにより固定される。図2からわかるように、長尺である桁12は隣り合う基礎11、11、…のそれぞれに備えられる桁固定金具14、14、…間を渡されるように設置されている。 The girder 12 is a long member, and has a cross section appearing in FIGS. 4 and 5 and is arranged so as to extend in the back / near direction in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 (see FIG. 2). As described above, the girder 12 is inserted between the standing pieces 14b and 14c of the girder fixing bracket 14 and fixed with bolts or screws. As can be seen from FIG. 2, the long girder 12 is installed so as to pass between the girder fixing brackets 14, 14,.
 桁12の上面のうち、垂木13が配置される部分には、垂木取付金具20が設けられている。垂木取付金具20は、桁12と垂木13とを連結する部材で、傾斜調整手段及び角度指示手段を備えている。図6は、図5のうち垂木取付金具20の部位に注目し、さらに拡大して示した図である。また図7は、図6のVIIの方向から垂木取付金具20を見た図であり、角度指示手段が良く表れた図である。 A rafter mounting bracket 20 is provided on a portion of the upper surface of the girder 12 where the rafter 13 is disposed. The rafter mounting bracket 20 is a member that connects the beam 12 and the rafter 13 and includes an inclination adjusting means and an angle indicating means. FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the rafter mounting bracket 20 in FIG. FIG. 7 is a view of the rafter mounting bracket 20 as seen from the direction of VII in FIG.
 垂木取付金具20は、図5~図7からよくわかるように、軸部材21及び回動部材22を備えている。
  軸部材21は、円筒軸21a及び桁取付片21b、21cを具備している。このうち円筒軸21aは中空円筒状の部位である。円筒軸21aは図6、図7からわかるように、その外周面の一部に角度指示手段の印としての複数の溝21d、21d、…が刻設されている。溝21d、21d、…は円筒軸21aの軸線方向に平行なV字状の溝で、溝間は図6からわかるように、軸線を中心に角度αで等間隔に形成されている。αの値は特に限定されるものではないが本実施形態ではαを5°とした。また、円筒軸21aの外周面には円筒状の肉厚方向に段差21e、21fが設けられている。
  桁取付片21b、21cは、円筒軸21aの下部から桁12の上面に沿って延在する平板状の部材である。図5からわかるように桁取付片21b、21cの端部は桁12と係合するように形成されている。さらに、桁取付片21b、21cが不図示のネジ等の固定部材により桁12に固定されて、軸部材21が桁12に取り付けられる。
The rafter mounting bracket 20 includes a shaft member 21 and a rotating member 22, as can be seen from FIGS.
The shaft member 21 includes a cylindrical shaft 21a and girder mounting pieces 21b and 21c. Of these, the cylindrical shaft 21a is a hollow cylindrical portion. As can be seen from FIGS. 6 and 7, the cylindrical shaft 21a has a plurality of grooves 21d, 21d,... The grooves 21d, 21d,... Are V-shaped grooves parallel to the axial direction of the cylindrical shaft 21a, and the grooves are formed at equal intervals with an angle α around the axis, as can be seen from FIG. The value of α is not particularly limited, but in this embodiment α is 5 °. Steps 21e and 21f are provided on the outer peripheral surface of the cylindrical shaft 21a in the cylindrical thickness direction.
The girder mounting pieces 21b and 21c are flat plate-like members extending along the upper surface of the girder 12 from the lower part of the cylindrical shaft 21a. As can be seen from FIG. 5, the ends of the girder mounting pieces 21 b and 21 c are formed to engage with the girder 12. Further, the girder mounting pieces 21 b and 21 c are fixed to the girder 12 by a fixing member such as a screw (not shown), and the shaft member 21 is attached to the girder 12.
 回動部材22は、回動片22a及び垂木取付片22e、22fを具備している。
  回動片22aは、図5、図6からわかるように、円筒軸21aの外周をその内側に囲んで内包するように配置される円筒状の部材で、円筒状の一部が切り欠かれている形状を有している。回動部材22は、図7からわかるように、その外周面の一部に角度指示手段の表示としての傾斜角指示表示22d、22dが設けられている。傾斜角指示表示22d、22dは、上記した溝21d、21dを指し示す表示である。また、図6からわかるように、回動片22aの切り欠かれた端部は円筒軸21a側に折り曲げられ、内側に向けた突起22b、22cが形成されている。
  垂木取付片22e、22fは、回動片22aの上部から垂木13の下面に沿って延在する平板状の部材である。垂木取付片22e、22fが不図示のねじ等の固定部材により垂木13に固定され、回動部材22が垂木13に取り付けられる。
The rotation member 22 includes a rotation piece 22a and rafter attachment pieces 22e and 22f.
As can be seen from FIGS. 5 and 6, the rotating piece 22 a is a cylindrical member disposed so as to enclose and surround the outer periphery of the cylindrical shaft 21 a, and a part of the cylindrical shape is notched. It has a shape. As can be seen from FIG. 7, the rotation member 22 is provided with tilt angle instruction displays 22 d and 22 d as a display of the angle instruction means on a part of the outer peripheral surface thereof. The inclination angle instruction displays 22d and 22d are displays indicating the grooves 21d and 21d described above. Further, as can be seen from FIG. 6, the notched end portion of the rotating piece 22a is bent toward the cylindrical shaft 21a to form projections 22b and 22c facing inward.
The rafter attachment pieces 22e and 22f are flat members extending along the lower surface of the rafter 13 from the upper part of the rotating piece 22a. The rafter attachment pieces 22 e and 22 f are fixed to the rafter 13 by a fixing member such as a screw (not shown), and the rotating member 22 is attached to the rafter 13.
 軸部材21と回動部材22とは、軸部材21の円筒軸21aの外周面を囲むように、回動部材22の回動片22aが配置される。これにより軸部材21と回動部材22とは互いに回動可能に連結される。ここで、図7からわかるように、軸部材21の円筒軸21a及び回動部材22の回動片22aの回動軸方向の長さは、円筒軸21aの方が回動片22aよりも長く形成される。従って、円筒軸21aの溝21d、21d、…を視認することできる。そして、この溝21d、21dを指し示すように傾斜角指示表示22dが設けられている。従って、これらを角度指示手段として、軸部材21と回動部材22との回動における相対位置を正確に調整することが可能となる。
  また、軸部材21と回動部材22との回動の範囲は、図6からわかるように、円筒軸21aに設けられた段差21e、21fが回動片22aに具備された突起22b、22cに引っ掛かることにより制限され、過剰な回動を禁止している。
  軸部材21と回動部材22との位置の固定は、図5、図6からわかるように、回動片22aを貫通して円筒軸21aに螺合するネジ等の固定部材23、24により行うことができる。
The rotation member 22a of the rotation member 22 is disposed so that the shaft member 21 and the rotation member 22 surround the outer peripheral surface of the cylindrical shaft 21a of the shaft member 21. Thereby, the shaft member 21 and the rotation member 22 are connected to each other so as to be rotatable. Here, as can be seen from FIG. 7, the cylindrical shaft 21a of the shaft member 21 and the length of the rotating piece 22a of the rotating member 22 in the rotating shaft direction are longer in the cylindrical shaft 21a than in the rotating piece 22a. It is formed. Therefore, the grooves 21d, 21d,... Of the cylindrical shaft 21a can be visually recognized. An inclination angle instruction display 22d is provided so as to point to the grooves 21d and 21d. Accordingly, it is possible to accurately adjust the relative positions of the shaft member 21 and the rotation member 22 in rotation by using these as angle instruction means.
Further, as can be seen from FIG. 6, the range of rotation between the shaft member 21 and the rotation member 22 includes steps 21e and 21f provided on the cylindrical shaft 21a on the protrusions 22b and 22c provided on the rotation piece 22a. It is restricted by being caught, and excessive rotation is prohibited.
As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the position of the shaft member 21 and the rotating member 22 is fixed by fixing members 23 and 24 such as screws that pass through the rotating piece 22a and are screwed into the cylindrical shaft 21a. be able to.
 すなわち、垂木取付金具20によれば、軸部材21側に桁12が固定され、回動部材22側に垂木13が固定されるとともに、軸部材21と回動部材22とは回動可能に連結されている。ここで、軸部材21は桁12に固定されて回動しないので、回動部材22が回動可能である。これにより、回動部材22に固定される垂木13、及び垂木13に取り付けられる太陽電池パネル2の水平面に対する傾斜角度(図3のθ)を図5にCで示した矢印のように調整することができる。そして、円筒軸21aの溝21d、21d、…と回動片22aの傾斜角指示表示22dとの関係を、垂木13(太陽電池パネル2)の水平面との傾斜角に設定しておく。すると当該傾斜角θを変えることにより、図7に破線で示したように傾斜角指示表示22d、22dが移動(回動)し、これが指し示す溝21dが変わり、その時点における傾斜角度を精度よく知ることができる。従って、太陽電池パネル2、2、…の傾斜角を容易に精度よく設定することが可能となる。
  特に、広い敷地に多数の太陽電池装置を並列するときには、全ての太陽電池装置のそれぞれについて傾斜角度を合わせて設置する必要があるので、上記垂木取付金具20を適用することにより施工の容易化、効率化を図ることができる。
That is, according to the rafter mounting bracket 20, the beam 12 is fixed to the shaft member 21 side, the rafter 13 is fixed to the rotating member 22 side, and the shaft member 21 and the rotating member 22 are rotatably connected. Has been. Here, since the shaft member 21 is fixed to the girder 12 and does not rotate, the rotation member 22 can rotate. Thereby, the inclination angle (θ in FIG. 3) with respect to the horizontal plane of the rafter 13 fixed to the rotation member 22 and the solar cell panel 2 attached to the rafter 13 is adjusted as indicated by an arrow C in FIG. 5. Can do. Then, the relationship between the grooves 21d, 21d,... Of the cylindrical shaft 21a and the tilt angle instruction display 22d of the rotating piece 22a is set to the tilt angle with the horizontal plane of the rafter 13 (solar cell panel 2). Then, by changing the inclination angle θ, the inclination angle instruction displays 22d and 22d move (rotate) as shown by the broken lines in FIG. 7, and the groove 21d indicated by this changes, so that the inclination angle at that time can be accurately known. be able to. Therefore, it becomes possible to set the inclination angle of the solar cell panels 2, 2,.
In particular, when a large number of solar cell devices are juxtaposed on a large site, it is necessary to install the solar cells in accordance with the inclination angles, so that the rafter mounting bracket 20 can be used to facilitate the construction. Efficiency can be improved.
 本実施形態では、軸部材22側の角度表示手段を溝21dとしたが、これに限定されることはない。例えば溝ではなく、単に目盛状に線が描かれる態様であってもよい。また軸部材の軸方向端部に端部キャップを設け、ここに角度表示手段を形成してもよい。 In the present embodiment, the angle display means on the shaft member 22 side is the groove 21d, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, it is possible to adopt a mode in which lines are drawn in a scale rather than grooves. Further, an end cap may be provided at the axial end of the shaft member, and the angle display means may be formed here.
 また、本実施形態では、軸部材21側に桁12が固定され、回動部材22側に垂木13が固定される態様について説明したが、逆となる形態であってもよい。すなわち、軸部材が垂木側に固定され、回動部材が桁側に配置される態様でも同様の効果を奏するものとなる。 In the present embodiment, the mode in which the beam 12 is fixed to the shaft member 21 side and the rafter 13 is fixed to the rotating member 22 side has been described. That is, the same effect can be obtained in an aspect in which the shaft member is fixed to the rafter side and the rotating member is arranged on the girder side.
 次に、太陽電池パネル架台10のうち、上記した太陽電池パネル2の傾斜方向で高い側に配置される基礎11(図2、図3にBで示した側)周辺に具備される各部材を説明する。図8に図3のうち、傾斜方向で高い側に配置される基礎11周辺の部分に注目して拡大した図を示した。
  図8からわかるように、傾斜方向で高い側にも桁固定金具14、桁12、及び垂木取付金具20が備えられている。これらの部材は、傾斜方向で低い側に具備される上記した桁固定金具14、桁12、及び垂木取付金具20と共通するので、ここでは説明を省略する。傾斜方向で高い側に配置される基礎11側には、桁固定金具14と桁12との間にさらに支柱15が設けられている。
Next, each member provided in the periphery of the foundation 11 (the side indicated by B in FIGS. 2 and 3) disposed on the higher side in the inclination direction of the solar cell panel 2 in the solar cell panel mount 10. explain. FIG. 8 shows an enlarged view focusing on a portion around the foundation 11 arranged on the higher side in the tilt direction in FIG.
As can be seen from FIG. 8, the girder fixing bracket 14, the girder 12, and the rafter mounting bracket 20 are also provided on the higher side in the inclination direction. Since these members are common to the above-described girder fixing bracket 14, the girder 12, and the rafter mounting bracket 20 provided on the lower side in the tilt direction, description thereof is omitted here. Further, a support column 15 is provided between the girder fixing bracket 14 and the girder 12 on the side of the foundation 11 arranged on the higher side in the tilt direction.
 支柱15は、図8からわかるように桁固定金具14と桁12とを所定の位置関係に保持する柱状の部材である。 The column 15 is a columnar member that holds the beam fixing bracket 14 and the beam 12 in a predetermined positional relationship as can be seen from FIG.
 図2、図3に戻って垂木13について説明する。垂木13は、傾斜方向で低い側に配置される桁12と、傾斜方向で高い側に配置される桁12と、を渡すように配置され、これが桁12の長手方向に複数並列される。桁12への垂木13の取り付けはこれまで説明したように、傾斜角度を変えることができる垂木取付金具20を介して行われる。そして、垂木13の上面に太陽電池パネル2、2、…が敷設される。 2 and 3, the rafter 13 will be described. The rafters 13 are arranged so as to pass the girders 12 arranged on the lower side in the tilt direction and the girders 12 arranged on the higher side in the tilt direction, and a plurality of the rafters 13 are arranged in parallel in the longitudinal direction of the girders 12. As described above, the rafter 13 is attached to the beam 12 via the rafter mounting bracket 20 whose inclination angle can be changed. And the solar cell panel 2, 2, ... is laid on the upper surface of the rafter 13.
 上記した太陽電池パネル架台10、太陽電池装置1は、太陽電池装置1つの大きさや、太陽電池装置が並列される数量(規模)による限定はない。ただし、太陽電池装置が多数配置される大規模な施設では、特にその効果が顕著である。すなわち、大規模な施設では、多数の全ての太陽電池装置について傾斜角度を設定して施工する必要がある。従って、本発明によれば傾斜角度を直接得ることが可能であり、施工を容易に行うことができる。また、このような多数の太陽電池装置が配列される際には傾斜角度の精度が悪いと傾斜のばらつきが目立ち、外観上も好ましくない。これに対して本発明によれば傾斜角度の精度が良いので多数の太陽電池装置間で傾斜角度が揃い、外観上も好ましいものとなる。 The solar cell panel mount 10 and the solar cell device 1 described above are not limited by the size of one solar cell device or the number (scale) in which the solar cell devices are arranged in parallel. However, the effect is particularly remarkable in a large-scale facility where a large number of solar cell devices are arranged. That is, in a large-scale facility, it is necessary to set an inclination angle for a large number of all solar cell devices. Therefore, according to the present invention, it is possible to directly obtain the inclination angle, and the construction can be easily performed. In addition, when such a large number of solar cell devices are arranged, if the accuracy of the inclination angle is poor, the variation in inclination is conspicuous, which is not preferable in terms of appearance. On the other hand, according to the present invention, since the accuracy of the inclination angle is good, the inclination angles are uniform among a large number of solar cell devices, which is preferable in appearance.
 以上、現時点において実践的であり、かつ、好ましいと思われる実施形態を説明したが、本発明はこれら実施形態に限定されるものではなく、請求の範囲及び明細書全体から読み取れる発明の要旨或いは思想に反しない範囲で適宜変更可能であり、そのような変更を伴う太陽電池パネル架台、及び太陽電池装置も本発明の技術的範囲に包含されるものとして理解されなければならない。 The embodiments that are practical and preferable at the present time have been described above. However, the present invention is not limited to these embodiments, and the gist or the idea of the invention that can be read from the claims and the entire specification. However, it should be understood that a solar cell panel mount and a solar cell device with such a change are also included in the technical scope of the present invention.
 1 太陽電池装置
 2 太陽電池パネル
 10 太陽電池パネル架台
 11 基礎
 12 桁
 13 垂木
 14 基礎取付金具
 15 支柱
 20 垂木取付金具
 21 軸部材
 21d 溝(角度指示手段の印)
 22 回動部材
 22d 傾斜角指示表示(角度指示手段の表示)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Solar cell apparatus 2 Solar cell panel 10 Solar cell panel mount 11 Base 12 Digit 13 Rafter 14 Base mounting bracket 15 Post 20 Rafter mounting bracket 21 Shaft member 21d Groove (a mark of angle indication means)
22 Rotating member 22d Inclination angle instruction display (display of angle instruction means)

Claims (3)

  1.  太陽電池パネルを所定の姿勢に保持して設置する太陽電池パネル架台であって、
     長尺の棒状部材である桁と、該桁の上に前記桁に直交するように配置され、その上に前記太陽電池パネルが固定される長尺の棒状部材である垂木と、前記桁と前記垂木とを連結する垂木取付金具と、を備え、
     前記垂木取付金具は、前記桁又は前記垂木の一方に設けられる軸部材と、前記桁又は前記垂木の他方に設けられ該軸部材に回動可能に具備される回動部材とを有し、
     前記軸部材及び前記回動部材には、該軸部材と該回動部材との相対的な位置関係を視認可能とする角度指示手段が設けられていることを特徴とする太陽電池パネル架台。
    It is a solar cell panel mount that holds and installs a solar cell panel in a predetermined posture,
    A girder that is a long bar-shaped member, a rafter that is a long bar-shaped member that is arranged on the girder so as to be orthogonal to the girder, and on which the solar cell panel is fixed, and the girder and the girder A rafter mounting bracket that connects the rafters,
    The rafter mounting bracket has a shaft member provided on one side of the girder or the rafter, and a rotation member provided on the other side of the girder or the rafter and rotatably provided on the shaft member.
    An angle indicating means for enabling visual recognition of a relative positional relationship between the shaft member and the rotating member is provided on the shaft member and the rotating member.
  2.  前記軸部材側又は前記回転部材側のいずれか一方の角度指示手段は、その外周面に所定の間隔で設けられた複数の印であり、前記軸部材側又は前記回転部材側の他方の角度指示手段は、前記印を指し示す表示であることを特徴とする請求の範囲第1項に記載の太陽電池パネル架台。 The angle indicating means on either the shaft member side or the rotating member side is a plurality of marks provided on the outer peripheral surface at a predetermined interval, and the other angle instruction on the shaft member side or the rotating member side The solar cell panel mount according to claim 1, wherein the means is a display indicating the mark.
  3.  請求の範囲第1項又は第2項に記載の太陽電池パネル架台の前記垂木の上面に太陽電池パネルが固定された太陽電池装置。 A solar cell device in which a solar cell panel is fixed to an upper surface of the rafter of the solar cell panel mount according to claim 1 or 2.
PCT/JP2010/066414 2010-09-01 2010-09-22 Solar cell panel mount and solar cell device WO2012029192A1 (en)

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EP2757592A1 (en) * 2013-01-18 2014-07-23 Contact Italia srl Mounting system for photovoltaic modules and plate-shaped components
WO2019185937A1 (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-10-03 Voestalpine Krems Gmbh Cross-connector for connecting a plurality of support cables, support structure having such a cross-connector and solar system having said support structure

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