BUILDING ASSEMBLY SYSTEM
Background of the Invention Field of the Invention
This invention relates to a building assembly system and more particularly to a building assembly for industrialised building system using precast construction elements of columns, walls, beams, slabs and sanitary assembly components. Description of Related Arts
Industrialised building system for constructing various formations of buildings using precast components have been introduced in the past. Typical industrialised building system usually constructed on a building site having common essential components which forms the core structure of a building unit. These essential components are the columns, walls, beams and flooring components. Another essential component of a typical industrial building is a chamber that prevents leakage from the building. This chamber is to provide a septic tank or toilet components for the industrialised building system. Different technologies have been utilized in order to provide an efficient construction for easy assembly of the essential components. Several prior arts have disclosed the technologies in constructing industrialised building system, their respective components and the method thereof.
One of the prior arts is US Patent no. 6604328 B1 which discloses a portable building includes wall panels, studs, floor panels, floor support members, roof panels and truss members, for use of living quarters at the site. This invention is generally a transportable building which is built at one site and can be transported either as a whole complete building or in dismantled components. A drawback of the invention is that the building structure required additional locking means to lock with each other during assembly process. Further to that, the disclosed prior art is not suitable to accommodate for being an industrialised building components such
as multi-storey building as the building components could not support another level of the building structure.
Another prior art is US Patent no. 4078341 which discloses a portable temporary building made up of foldable, prefabricated transverse sections adapted to be shipped in folded condition to a building site. As mentioned in the US Patent no. 6604328 B1, this prior art. also having the same disadvantage in which it is not designed to withstand heavy weight and hence could not support a multi-storey building.
Therefore, there is a need to provide an industrialised building system to provide multi-storey buildings in areas which space, time constraint and portability of the components are the crucial issues with high durability and environmental friendly preferred industrialised building system structure.
Summary of Invention
Although the present invention is broadly as defined below, those persons skilled in the art will appreciate that the invention is not limited thereto and that the invention also includes embodiments of which the following description gives examples.
In accordance with the present invention, it provides a building assembly system for constructing a new, renovated or extended existing industrialised building from precast components.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a building assembly system for constructing industrialised building within a short period of time due to preferred size of the precast components that can be easily transported to the building site. It is also another object of the present invention to provide a clean construction system by easy assembly of the precast components without any restriction of the architecture design.
It is also another object of the present invention to provide a building assembly system for constructing a strong industrialised building from precast components with earthquake protection structure.
Brief Description of the Drawings
A complete understanding of the present invention may be obtained by reference to the accompanying drawing, when considered in conjunction with the subsequent, detailed description in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the building assembly system.
Figure 2a is a plurality of laterally joined columns forming a wide column. Figure 2b, 2c and 2e are respectively a short, a medium and a long column.
Figure 2d is a column without an aperture at the top and bottom surface.
Figure 2f is a column that receives connecting means through apertures of top and bottom surface of the column.
Figure 2g is two columns connected to each other by connecting a pair of connecting means inserted in the apertures of top and bottom surface of the columns forming a preferred pillar assembly.
Figure 2h is an exploded view of a preferred pillar assembly showed in figure 2g.
Figure 2i is two columns connected to each other by inserting a connecting means in the apertures of top and bottom surface of the columns forming a preferred pillar assembly.
Figure 2j is an exploded view of preferred pillar assembly showed in figure 2i.
Figure 3a is a perspective view of a wall panel.
Figure 3b is a wall panel with a pair of cornices mounted on the top of the wall panel edges.
Figure 3c - 3e are wall panels having a plurality of airflow and lighting sustainability openings. Figure 3f and 3h are wall assemblies having door and window openings respectively.
Figure 3g is a short wall panel. Figure 3i shows internal grooves in a wall panel. Figure 4a is a long beam.
Figure 4b and 4c shows a pair of beams having medium length with splice plates at first end and second end of the beams.
Figure 5a is a perspective view of a planar panel.
Figure 5b is a perspective view of a planar panel having a plurality of internal grooves.
Figure 5c is a view of bottom surface of a planar panel having a plurality of fixtures on the edges of the surface.
Figure 6 shows a perspective view of a pair of splice plates from beam ends engaging to an interconnecting means inserted in an aperture of top surface of a column. Figure 7 shows planar panels resting on a beam.
Figure 8 shows an interconnecting means coupled to a precast foundation of a building site for receiving a column. Figure 9 is an exploded view showing an interlocking means connecting a wall panel to a column.
Figure 10 shows an assembly of a slab, a beam and a wall panel connected to a column by inserting an interlocking means between the slits of the wall and the mortises on the sides of the column whereby the slab and the wall panel are placed on the beam.
Figure 11 shows an assembly of a plurality of beams, a plurality of columns, a plurality of interconnecting means and a plurality of wall panels forming a cubicle whereby the plurality of wall panels having a plurality of openings and having coupled on one side of the partitions.
Figure 12a shows a septic tank assembly Figure 12b shows an exploded view of a septic tank assembly.
Figure 13a shows a sanitary chamber assembly.
Figure 13b shows an exploded view of a sanitary chamber assembly.
Figure 14 shows a sanitary chamber assembly placed on a plurality of beams in a building assembly.
Detailed Description of the Invention
As required, detailed embodiments of the present invention are disclosed herein; however, it is to be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention, which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting but merely as a basis for claims. It should be understood that the drawings and detailed description thereto are not intended to limit the invention to the particular form disclosed, but on the contrary, the invention is to cover all modification, equivalents and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims. As used throughout this application, the word "may" is used in a permissive sense (i.e., meaning having the potential to), rather than the mandatory sense (i.e., meaning must). Similarly, the words "include," "including," and "includes" mean including, but not limited to. Further, the words "a" or "an" mean "at least one" and the word "plurality" means one or more, unless otherwise mentioned. Where the abbreviations of technical terms are used, these indicate the commonly accepted meanings as known in the technical field. For ease of reference, common reference numerals will be used throughout the figures when referring to the same or similar features common to the figures. The present invention will now be described with reference to Figures 1-14.
A building assembly system (100) for constructing a building comprising a plurality of construction elements characterized by a hollow bar (101) with a plurality of holes (102) at the sides of said hollow bar (101) as an interconnecting means (1) for connecting pillars assemblies; and an interlocking means (2) for connecting pillars and walls assemblies. A column (3) for forming pillars assemblies has a plurality of mortises (301) on its side for receiving the interlocking means (2) and optionally includes an aperture (302) on a top surface and a bottom surface of the column (3) for receiving one (1 ) or a plurality (103) of the interconnecting means. A wall panel (4) for forming wall assemblies has a plurality of internal grooves (402) for receiving penetrant and a plurality of slits (401) for receiving the interlocking
means(2). A first beam (5) for supporting flooring assemblies and a second beam (5) for supporting ceiling assemblies having a splice plate (501) on a first end and a second end for engaging with the interlocking means (2). A planar panel (6) for forming flooring in said building has a plurality of brackets (601) for receiving penetrant. A first storey of the building may be constructed on conventional reinforced concrete (7) raft footing, spread footing, pad footing or pile cap. Another storey of the building may be constructed by stacking another building assembly system of the construction elements to the first storey. The column (3) for forming pillar assemblies may be a short (2b), medium (2c) or long (2e) column or any combination thereof preferably having the height ranging from 1 meter to 4 meter. However, the further preferable height are 1.2 meter, 2.4 meter, 3.6 meter and 3.8 meter while the preferable cross section of the column is ranging from 0.2 meter to 0.9 meter. A pillar assembly may be formed by connecting at least a pair of columns by inserting one (2j) or a couple (2h) of interconnecting means at the aperture (302) of the top and bottom surfaces between the two columns (3). An interconnecting means (1) may also connect a column (3) to a precast foundation (7) built with an aperture on a site of a building to provide a pillar (Figure 8) for a first level of the building assembly. The column (3) may be used to form a fence column, support roofing assembly or to extend another storey of an existing building assembly for renovation purposes. A plurality of columns (3) may be laterally joined using epoxy, bolts or steel encased bracket to form wide column (2a) such as T-shaped pillar, L-shaped pillar, cross or rectangular shaped pillar. The column (3) may be a reinforce concrete with various steel strength and concrete strength. In case when higher capacity is needed, void may be made inside a column to insert a prestress bar.
The wall panel (4) for forming wall assemblies may be a short (3g) or medium (3a) wall panel or a combination thereof preferably having the length ranging from 1.1 meter to 4 meter long, having thickness ranging from 0.05 meter to 0.3 meter thick and having height ranging from 1.1 meter to 3.3 meter high. However, the more preferable size of a wall panel (4) is 0.15 meter thick, 3.2 meter long and 1.1 meter
high. A wall panel (4) may having a plurality of apertures for window openings (404) ranging from 1 meter to 2 meter high and for door openings (405) of 1 meter high with 1.1 meter long respectively. The wall panel (4) may also have a plurality of apertures for ventilation (403) to provide environmental sustainability. A wall panel (4) may be a normal concrete or lightweight concrete and may be reinforced with mild or high strength steel. The wall panel (4) may be coupled (408) using epoxy, mortar, bituminous materials or rubber compound for durability, stability as well as earthquake and vibration protection. The wall panel preferably having cornice (406) for hiding the penetrant or for supporting ceiling assemblies. The wall assemblies have a plurality of internal grooves (402) for receiving penetrant where the penetrant received in the internal grooves (402) of the wall panel (4) may be used to hang the wall panel (4) to the second beam (5) forming a pendulum to damp the building against movement for earthquake protection. The first beam (5) for supporting flooring assemblies and the second beam (5) for supporting ceiling assemblies may be a medium (4b) or long beam (4a) preferably having the length ranging from 3.5 meter to 7 meter long, having thickness ranging from 0.02 meter to 0.6 meter thick and having width ranging from 1.1 meter to 3.3 meter wide. However, the more preferable size of a beam (5) is 0.2 meter thick and 0.3 meter wide or 0.3 meter thick and 0.3 meter wide. The first beam (5) and the second beam (5) having the splice plate (501) on the first end and the second end may be connected to the interconnecting means (1) using screw. The beam (5) may be laterally joined using epoxy for increasing durability and stability. The first beam (5) and the second beam (5) may be having internal grooves for receiving penetrant to fasten a wall panel (4) to the first (5) and the second beam (5).
The planar panel (6) for forming flooring in said building may be having length ranging from 1.1 meter to 7 meter long and having thickness ranging from 0.1 meter to 0.3 meter. However, the preferable size of a planar panel (6) is 1.1 meter width, 3.4 meter long and 0.15 meter or 0.2 meter thick. The planar panel (6) may be a normal weight or a light weight concrete in which may be reinforced using mild steel or high tensile steel. The planar panel (6) may be laterally joined using
mortar (604), screed or epoxy for forming floor assemblies. A plurality of planar panel (6) may be joined together by inserting prestress penetrant through the plurality of brackets (601) at the end of planar panel (6) for earthquake protection. The planar panel (6) may be stacked for increasing durability and stability. A planar panel (6) may be having a plurality of internal grooves (602) for reducing weight or receiving the penetrant. The planar panel (6) may be having fixtures (603) mounted on a bottom surface of the planar panels for attaching ceiling assemblies.
The present invention also includes a sanitary assembly system (200) characterized by a sanitary chamber assembly (9) includes a ceiling (901), a first construction portions (902) having a first plurality of walls with a plurality of openings for forming ventilation openings (903), a second plurality of construction portions (904) having a second plurality of walls with a plurality of openings for forming door openings (906) and a third construction portion (905) having a floor continuously sealed with a third plurality of walls. The sanitary assembly (200) also includes a septic tank (8) assembly for receiving disposal from the sanitary chamber (9) includes a ceiling (801), a first construction portions (802) having a first plurality of walls, a second plurality of construction portions (803) having a floor continuously sealed with a second plurality of walls.
The sanitary assembly system (200) preferably having height ranging from 0.1 meter to 1.5 meter tall and having width and length ranging from 1 meter to 4 meter wide and long respectively. The wall of the sanitary assembly system (200) is preferably having thickness ranging from 0.05 meter to 0.2 meter. The sanitary assembly system (200) may be a normal weight, a light weight or ferro-cement concrete. The first plurality of walls, the second plurality of walls or both walls for both sanitary chamber and septic tank are preferably having but not limited to a plurality of openings (804) for receiving the penetrant. The first construction portions (902), the second plurality of construction portions (904) and the third construction portion (905) of the sanitary chamber (9) is preferably having a partition inside the chamber (9).Wherein, the sanitary chamber assembly (9) may be placed on a plurality of beams (5) in the building assembly system (100) while
the septic tank assembly (8) is preferably placed underground more preferably ten meter below ground level of the building assembly system (100).