WO2009155760A1 - Mobile planting container - Google Patents

Mobile planting container Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2009155760A1
WO2009155760A1 PCT/CN2008/072791 CN2008072791W WO2009155760A1 WO 2009155760 A1 WO2009155760 A1 WO 2009155760A1 CN 2008072791 W CN2008072791 W CN 2008072791W WO 2009155760 A1 WO2009155760 A1 WO 2009155760A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
container
drainage
edge
bodies
planting
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2008/072791
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
柯思征
Original Assignee
Ke Sizheng
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN2008100712994A priority Critical patent/CN101300940B/en
Priority to CN200810071299.4 priority
Application filed by Ke Sizheng filed Critical Ke Sizheng
Publication of WO2009155760A1 publication Critical patent/WO2009155760A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/033Flat containers for turf, lawn or the like, e.g. for covering roofs

Abstract

A mobile planting container, comprises a container body and a tray for drainage and root resistance, a drainage ventilating slot and water retention grooves are mounted at the bottom of the container body, the drainage ventilating slot leads to the outside of the container body, while a plurality of overflow gaps communicating with the drainage ventilating slot are disposed on the upper sidewall of the lateral wall of the water retention grooves. The tray for drainage and root resistance is covered above the drainage ventilating slot and the water retention grooves of the container body, and a plurality of through holes are disposed at the location where the tray corresponds to the water retention grooves. Water is first stored in the water retention grooves, while not directly discharged owing to the design of said grooves, and is overflowed from the overflow gaps and discharged only when water in the water retention grooves reaches said overflow gaps. Thus, moisture is always stored at the bottom of the planting container and water in the retention grooves may transpire upwards to supplement moisture for plants even when moisture stored in soil or culture substrate has evaporated so as to ensure normal growth of plants and ensure the effects of thermal insulation and heat preservation. Moreover, an insulation layer is further added at the bottom of the planting container to obtain effects of heat preservation, thermal insulation and sound insulation.

Description

说明书 移动种植容器  Instructions Mobile planting container

#細或  #细 or

[1] 本发明涉及一种种植容器, 尤指一种用于建筑物顶部、 绿化地块、 屋顶种植蔬 菜瓜果、 苗木、 灌木、 草坪以及运动场地、 广场道路、 临吋摆设等场所的移动 种植容器。  [1] The present invention relates to a planting container, in particular to a building for the top of a building, a greening block, a roof for planting vegetables, fruits, seedlings, shrubs, lawns, sports grounds, square roads, and plazas. Planting containers.

[2] 传统用于绿化的载体通常釆用花盆等容器, 花盆的底部均设有通孔用以排出多 余的水份, 而正是这一结构, 使花盆在使用吋, 其底部常有积水及随水一起流 出的泥沙直接排到屋面, 不但造成污染, 对于在建筑物顶部使用吋, 还容易造 成屋顶泄漏和下水管道堵塞。 而且, 花盆一般不适用于大型绿化场合, 因为花 盆的独立结构使其存在施工进度慢、 不便于产品更新等缺点, 若用于地面, 例 如道路、 广场、 庭院等场合, 则存在劳动量大、 灵活性差及绿化景观单调等问 题。 [2] Traditionally used for greening, the carrier usually uses pots and other containers. The bottom of the pots is provided with through holes for discharging excess water. It is this structure that allows the pots to be used at the bottom of the pots. Often the accumulated water and the sediment that flows out with the water are discharged directly to the roof, which not only causes pollution, but also causes the roof to leak and the sewer pipe to be blocked when the concrete is used on the top of the building. Moreover, flower pots are generally not suitable for large-scale greening occasions, because the independent structure of the flower pots has the disadvantages of slow construction progress and inconvenience of product renewal. If used on the ground, such as roads, squares, courtyards, etc., there is labor. Large, poorly flexible and monotonous green landscapes.

[3] 针对上述不足, 本案设计人曾先后设计了两种种植容器, 即公告号为 CN26184 [3] In response to the above deficiencies, the designer of the case has designed two kinds of planting containers, namely the announcement number is CN26184.

29Y及 CN2850252Y的中国实用新型专利。 这两种专利均公开了一种容器体底部 设有通孔的种植容器, 且在容器体底部外侧设有与该通孔相通的排水通风槽。 这种结构的容器, 将渗出的水统一收集排放, 因此不会在容器底部形成积水, 也不会造成污染, 用在屋顶上吋, 自然不会出现屋顶泄漏的问题。 而且这种种 植容器, 可方便将若干个容器并排组配在一起, 相邻两容器的排水通风槽再相 互连接, 从而形成一个通路, 这样即可应用于各种大型绿化的场合。 29Y and CN2850252Y Chinese utility model patents. Both of these patents disclose a planting container having a through hole at the bottom of the container body, and a drainage venting groove communicating with the through hole at the outer side of the bottom of the container body. The container of this structure uniformly collects and discharges the oozing water, so that no water is formed at the bottom of the container, and no pollution is caused. When used on the roof, there is naturally no problem of roof leakage. Moreover, the planting container can conveniently arrange a plurality of containers side by side, and the drainage venting grooves of the adjacent two containers are connected to each other to form a passage, which can be applied to various large-scale greening occasions.

[4] 然而, 上述种植容器与普通的花盆一样不具有存水功能, 也就是说当给植物浇 水后, 大部分水很快渗出泥土并从容器底部的通孔排出, 而在阳光明媚的天气 , 储藏在泥土中的水份又将很快蒸发, 从而使植物得不到充足的水份而干枯, 进而影响植物的生长。 对于设置于屋顶的种植容器来说, 其还兼具隔热保温的 功效, 而植物水份流失得过快, 则还会降低隔热和保温的效果。  [4] However, the above planting container does not have the water storage function as the ordinary flower pot, that is to say, when the plant is watered, most of the water quickly seeps out of the soil and is discharged from the through hole at the bottom of the container, while in the sunlight. In bright weather, the water stored in the soil will evaporate quickly, so that the plants will not get enough water to dry up, which will affect the growth of the plants. For the planting container placed on the roof, it also has the effect of heat insulation, and the water loss of the plant is too fast, which will reduce the effect of heat insulation and heat preservation.

[5] 此外, 上述种植容器虽然可方便组合, 但其实际上就是将多个形状一样的容器 简单的靠合在一起, 由于容器四周侧边沿的存在, 使其在组合后, 从外部来看 , 还是各个独立的容器, 导致整个绿化地的整体感不强, 不能形成成片的绿化 效果。 [5] In addition, although the above-mentioned planting containers can be easily combined, they are actually a plurality of containers of the same shape. Simply put together, due to the existence of the side edges of the container, after the combination, from the outside, or separate containers, the overall feeling of the green area is not strong, and can not form a greening effect.

[6] 公告号 CN2346178Y及 CN2277174Y的中国实用新型专利也公开了一种可以组合 的绿化盆, 但是其同样存在上述缺点, 即组合后可以很清楚的看出各个独立的 个体, 而不具有整体感。 也就是说, 目前用于绿化的容器, 基本上都是相同个 体的拼接, 因此不具有整体效果。  [6] The Chinese utility model patents of Bulletin Nos. CN2346178Y and CN2277174Y also disclose a greening pot that can be combined, but it also has the above disadvantages, that is, the individual individuals can be clearly seen after the combination, without a sense of unity. . That is to say, the containers currently used for greening are basically the same piece of splicing, and therefore do not have an overall effect.

[7] 本发明所欲解决的技术问题在于提供一种具有存水功能的移动种植容器。 [7] The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a mobile planting container having a water storage function.

[8] 本发明所欲解决的另一技术问题在于提供一种具有保温、 隔热、 隔音功能的移 动种植容器。  [8] Another technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a mobile planting container having heat insulating, heat insulating and sound insulating functions.

[9] 本发明所欲解决的又一技术问题在于提供一种可任意组合拼接成各种大小的移 动种植容器, 关键是其组合后可以使绿化地具有成片的整体感。  [9] Another technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a mobile planting container which can be arbitrarily combined and spliced into various sizes, and the key is that the combination can make the greening land have a holistic feeling.

[10] 为实现上述技术问题, 本发明的技术解决方案是: [10] In order to achieve the above technical problem, the technical solution of the present invention is:

[11] 一种移动种植容器, 它包括容器体及排水阻根盘; 该容器体的底部设有排水通 风槽及蓄水槽, 该排水通风槽通向容器体的外部, 而该蓄水槽的侧壁偏上开有 若干与排水通风槽相通的溢水口; 所述排水阻根盘盖设于容器体的排水通风槽 及蓄水槽上方, 其与该蓄水槽相对的位置设有若干通孔。  [11] A mobile planting container comprising a container body and a drainage block; the bottom of the container body is provided with a drainage ventilation groove and a water storage tank, the drainage ventilation groove leading to the outside of the container body, and the side of the water storage tank The wall has a plurality of overflow openings communicating with the drainage ventilation slots; the drainage resistance root cover is disposed above the drainage ventilation slots of the container body and the water storage tank, and a plurality of through holes are defined at a position opposite to the water storage tank.

[12] 所述的移动种植容器至少包括两个独立的且并排设置的容器体, 各容器体与其 它容器体相邻的一侧边沿为矮边沿, 而不与任何容器体相邻的一侧边沿为高边 沿, 且相邻两容器体的排水通风槽相连通。  [12] The mobile planting container comprises at least two independent and side-by-side container bodies, one side edge of each container body adjacent to the other container body being a short edge, and not adjacent to any container body. The edge is a high edge, and the drainage vents of the adjacent two container bodies are in communication.

[13] 所述的移动种植容器包括四个并排设置的方形角边容器体, 其四个边沿中, 位 于内侧的两边沿为矮边沿, 而位于外侧的两边沿为高边沿, 且相邻两容器体的 排水通风槽相连通。 [13] The mobile planting container comprises four square-corner container bodies arranged side by side, wherein the four edges on the inner side are short edges, and the two edges on the outer side are high edges, and two adjacent edges are adjacent to each other. The drainage vents of the container body are in communication.

[14] 所述移动种植容器进一步包括若干方形边缘容器体夹设在两角边容器体之间, 其位于内侧的三个边沿为矮边沿, 而位于外侧的一个边沿为高边沿。  [14] The mobile planting container further comprises a plurality of square edge container bodies sandwiched between the two corners of the container body, the three edges on the inner side being short edges and the one edge on the outer side being high edges.

[15] 所述移动种植容器再进一步包括若干中部容器体, 该中部容器体的四周边沿均 为矮边沿。 [16] 所述各容器体的排水通风槽为十字形, 而所述蓄水槽则设置于十字形排水通风 槽的四角。 [15] The mobile planting vessel further includes a plurality of central container bodies, the four peripheral edges of the central container body being short edges. [16] The drainage vents of the respective container bodies are in the shape of a cross, and the water storage tanks are disposed at the four corners of the cross-shaped drainage venting grooves.

[17] 所述的各容器体底部还设有一保温层。  [17] The bottom of each container body is further provided with a heat insulating layer.

[18] 所述各相邻容器体的两矮边沿上由倒 U形连接扣件向下压扣连接, 四个相邻的 各容器体中间由一十字形连接扣件向下压扣连接。  [18] The two short edges of the adjacent container bodies are press-downly connected by the inverted U-shaped connecting fasteners, and the four adjacent container bodies are press-connected downward by a cross-shaped connecting fastener.

[19] 所述各容器体的高边沿顶部横向延设板状突沿, 该突沿用以卡固一具卡槽的护 栏。 [19] The high edge of each of the container bodies is laterally extended with a plate-like projection for engaging a retaining fence.

[20] 所述各容器体排水通风槽的端部设有连接件与相邻排水通风槽连接。  [20] The end of each of the container body drainage vents is provided with a connecting member and an adjacent drainage venting groove.

[21] 釆用上述方案后, 由于本发明在移动种植容器的容器体底部加设了蓄水槽, 当 有大量水进入种植容器吋, 大部分水渗出泥土或培养基质, 由排水阻根盘上的 通孔排出并储存于蓄水槽内, 而不是直接排入到排水通风槽内并被排出, 只有 当该蓄水槽内的水到达其侧壁的溢水口吋, 才由溢水口溢出而排入到排水通风 槽内再被排出, 因此该种植容器的底部始终蓄有水份, 即便储藏在泥土或培养 基质中的水份蒸发, 蓄水槽内的水也会向上蒸腾, 为植物补充水份, 从而可防 止植物因水份不足而干枯, 进而保证植物的正常生长。  [21] After the above scheme is adopted, since the present invention adds a water storage tank at the bottom of the container body of the mobile planting container, when a large amount of water enters the planting container, most of the water seeps out the soil or the culture medium, and the drainage resistance root plate The upper through hole is discharged and stored in the water storage tank instead of being directly discharged into the drainage ventilation groove and discharged. Only when the water in the water storage tank reaches the overflow port of the side wall, overflows from the overflow port. It is discharged into the drainage ventilating tank and then discharged. Therefore, the bottom of the planting container always stores water. Even if the water stored in the soil or the culture medium evaporates, the water in the water storage tank will be transpiration upwards. Replenishes moisture, which prevents plants from drying out due to insufficient water, thus ensuring the normal growth of plants.

[22] 此外, 该蓄水槽内所储藏的水份还可起到隔热及保温的功效, 当将所述种植容 器设置于屋顶上吋, 其隔热和保温的效果将更好。 当然在容器体下方设置保温 层, 同样具有保温、 隔热及隔音的功效。  [22] In addition, the water stored in the water storage tank can also function as heat insulation and heat preservation. When the planting container is placed on the roof, the heat insulation and heat preservation effect will be better. Of course, the insulation layer is placed under the container body, which also has the functions of heat preservation, heat insulation and sound insulation.

[23] 另外, 所述的种植容器还可由各种容器体拼接而成, 而各个容器体仅仅在位于 整个种植容器的四周有较高的边沿, 其内部的边沿均较低, 这样当种植植物后 , 内部的矮边沿均被泥土或培养基质所覆盖, 因此从整体外观来看, 根本看不 出各个单一的个体, 就相当于一个可以任意组合成多种大小不同的完整的种植 容器, 从而具有很好的整体感, 使种植出的绿化地具有成片的整体效果。  [23] In addition, the planting container may also be formed by splicing various container bodies, and each container body has a higher edge only around the entire planting container, and the inner edge thereof is lower, so that when planting plants Afterwards, the inner short edges are covered by soil or culture medium. Therefore, from the overall appearance, there is no single individual at all, which is equivalent to a complete planting container that can be arbitrarily combined into a plurality of different sizes. It has a good overall sense, so that the planted green land has a holistic effect.

國删  Country deletion

[24] 图 1是本发明的立体分解图; Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view of the present invention;

[25] 图 2是本发明所述角边容器体的立体示意图; Figure 2 is a perspective view of the corner container body of the present invention;

[26] 图 2A是图 2所述四个角边容器体组合成一种植容器的结构示意图;  [26] FIG. 2A is a schematic structural view of the four corner container bodies of FIG. 2 combined into a planting container;

[27] 图 3是本发明所述连接扣件的结构示意图; [28] 图 4是本发明所述边缘容器体的结构示意图; 3 is a schematic structural view of the connecting fastener of the present invention; Figure 4 is a schematic view showing the structure of the edge container body of the present invention;

[29] 图 5是本发明所述中部容器体的结构示意图; Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of the middle container body of the present invention;

[30] 图 6是本发明各容器体排水通风槽之间连接件的示意图; Figure 6 is a schematic view of the connecting member between the drainage vents of each container body of the present invention;

[31] 图 7是所述四个角边容器体、 四个边缘容器体及一个中部容器体组合成一个种 植容器的结构示意图;  [31] FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of the four corner container bodies, the four edge container bodies and one middle container body combined into one planting container;

[32] 图 8是本发明所述种植容器具有突沿的结构示意图; [32] FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of the planting container of the present invention having a protruding edge;

[33] 图 9是本发明所述护栏的结构示意图; Figure 9 is a schematic structural view of the guard rail of the present invention;

[34] 图 10是本发明所述连接扣件另一结构的示意图; Figure 10 is a schematic view showing another structure of the connecting fastener of the present invention;

[35] 图 11是图 10所述连接扣件扣接于相邻容器体的示意图; [35] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the connecting fastener of FIG. 10 being fastened to an adjacent container body;

[36] 图 12是本发明若干种植容器组之间的栈道结构示意图; [36] FIG. 12 is a schematic view showing the structure of a plank between several planting container groups of the present invention;

[37] 图 13是本发明所述护栏的另一结构示意图。 Figure 13 is a schematic view showing another structure of the guard rail of the present invention.

 difficult

[38] 如图 1所示, 本发明所涉及的是一种移动种植容器, 其包括容器体 1A及排水阻 根盘 2A。 其中:  As shown in Fig. 1, the present invention relates to a mobile planting container comprising a container body 1A and a drain block 2A. among them:

[39] 所述容器体 1A的底部设有排水通风槽 11A及蓄水槽 12A, 该排水通风槽 11A通 向容器体 1A的外部, 其可为十字形, 而该蓄水槽 12A则设置于十字形排水通风槽 11A的四角, 且该蓄水槽 12A的侧壁偏上开有若干与排水通风槽 11A相通的溢水 口 111A, 另该蓄水槽 12A内可再设置若干支撑板 16A。  [39] The bottom of the container body 1A is provided with a drainage ventilation groove 11A and a water storage tank 12A. The drainage ventilation groove 11A leads to the outside of the container body 1A, which may have a cross shape, and the water storage tank 12A is disposed in a cross shape. At the four corners of the drainage venting groove 11A, the side wall of the water storage tank 12A is biased with a plurality of overflow ports 111A communicating with the drainage venting groove 11A, and a plurality of supporting plates 16A are further disposed in the water storage tank 12A.

[40] 所述排水阻根盘 2A盖设于上述容器体 1A的排水通风槽 11A及蓄水槽 12A上方, 其与该蓄水槽 12A相对的位置设有若干通孔 21A, 其外沿延设有延伸部 22A与容 器体 1A侧边的突台 19A相嵌合。  [40] The drain block 2A is disposed above the drain venting groove 11A and the water storage tank 12A of the container body 1A, and a plurality of through holes 21A are formed at a position opposite to the water storage tank 12A, and the outer edge thereof is extended. The extending portion 22A is fitted to the boss 19A on the side of the container body 1A.

[41] 此外, 所述的容器体 1A底部还设有一保温层 9。  [41] Further, a heat insulating layer 9 is further provided at the bottom of the container body 1A.

[42] 本发明在使用吋, 先将保温层 9设置于所述容器体 1 A的底部, 再将所述排水阻 根盘 2A盖设于排水通风槽 11A及蓄水器 12A的上方, 并支撑于各槽之间的隔板及 支撑板 16A上 (该支撑板 16可起到辅助支撑的作用, 防止人踩踏于排水阻根盘上 吋, 或者所种植的植物由于重力过大而下陷) 。 然后即可于排水阻根盘 2A上方 的容器体 11A内放置泥土或培养基质并种植植物。 而当为植物浇水后, 大部分水 将渗出泥土或培养基质, 并从排水阻根盘 2A上的通孔 21A排入到蓄水槽 12A内, 当该蓄水槽 12A内的水到达其侧壁的溢水口 111 A, 即会从该溢水口 111 A溢出而 排入到排水通风槽 12A内, 并从该排水通风槽 12A排出。 由于所述蓄水槽 12A的 设置, 使种植容器的底部始终蓄有水份, 因此即便储藏在泥土或培养基质中的 水份蒸发, 蓄水槽 12A内的水也会向上蒸腾, 为植物补充水份, 从而可防止植物 因水份不足而干枯, 进而保证植物的正常生长。 此外, 该蓄水槽 12A内所储藏的 水份, 及容器体 1A下方的保温层 9还可起到隔热及保温的功效, 当将所述种植容 器设置于屋顶上吋, 其隔热和保温的效果将更好。 [42] In the present invention, after the use of the crucible, the thermal insulation layer 9 is first placed on the bottom of the container body 1 A, and the drainage repellent disk 2A is placed over the drainage ventilation groove 11A and the water reservoir 12A, and Supported on the partition between the grooves and the support plate 16A (the support plate 16 can serve as an auxiliary support to prevent people from stepping on the drainage block, or the plant to be planted due to excessive gravity) . Then, the soil or the culture substrate can be placed in the container body 11A above the drainage block 2A and the plants can be planted. When the plant is watered, most of the water will seep out of the soil or the culture substrate, and is discharged into the water storage tank 12A from the through hole 21A in the drain block 2A. When the water in the water storage tank 12A reaches the overflow port 111A of the side wall, it overflows from the overflow port 111 A and is discharged into the drain ventilation groove 12A, and is discharged from the drain ventilation groove 12A. Since the water storage tank 12A is disposed so that the bottom of the planting container always stores water, even if the water stored in the soil or the culture medium evaporates, the water in the water storage tank 12A is transpiration upward, and the water is replenished for the plant. , thereby preventing plants from drying out due to insufficient water, thereby ensuring the normal growth of plants. In addition, the water stored in the water storage tank 12A and the heat insulating layer 9 under the container body 1A can also serve as heat insulation and heat preservation. When the planting container is placed on the roof, the heat insulation and heat preservation are performed. The effect will be better.

[43] 再者, 本发明所述的种植容器可以组合拼接, 相邻的两容器体拼接后, 两者的 排水通风槽可以通过一连接件连接, 从而形成相互连通的排水通风管道网。 而 为了使组合拼接后的各种植容器在种植植物后, 从整体外观来看, 就象一个大 的种植容器, 本发明将至少两个独立的容器体并排设置后, 令各容器体与其它 容器体相邻的一侧边沿设为矮边沿, 而不与任何容器体相邻的一侧边沿设为高 边沿, 且相邻两容器体的排水通风槽再相互连通。  [43] Furthermore, the planting containers of the present invention can be combined and spliced, and after the two adjacent container bodies are spliced, the drainage venting grooves of the two can be connected by a connecting member to form a network of drainage ventilating pipes communicating with each other. In order to make the planting containers after the combination splicing, after planting the plants, as a whole, as a large planting container, the present invention sets at least two independent container bodies side by side, so that the container bodies and other containers are arranged. One side edge adjacent to the body is set as a short edge, and one side edge adjacent to any container body is set as a high edge, and the drainage venting grooves of the adjacent two container bodies are in communication with each other.

[44] 针对上述结构描述, 本发明可以有各种组合结构。  [44] The present invention can have various combinations of structures for the above structural description.

[45] 如图 2所示, 所述的种植容器可包括四个并排设置的方形角边容器体 1, 每个角 边容器体 1底部设有十字形排水通风槽 11, 该排水通风槽 11的四角位置设置有蓄 水槽 12, 且其端部可设置连接件, 用于与相邻容器体的排水通风槽连接以形成 连通的排水通风管道网。 而所述的角边容器体 1的关键结构在于, 其四个边沿中 , 位于内侧的两边沿为矮边沿 13, 而位于外侧的两边沿为高边沿 14, 且在矮边 沿 13处可设有一段由高边沿向矮边沿过渡的倾斜段 15。  [45] As shown in FIG. 2, the planting container may include four square corner container bodies 1 arranged side by side, and each corner container body 1 is provided with a cross-shaped drainage ventilation groove 11 at the bottom, and the drainage ventilation groove 11 The four corners are provided with a water storage tank 12, and the ends thereof may be provided with connecting members for connecting with the drainage ventilation grooves of the adjacent container bodies to form a connected drainage air duct network. The key structure of the corner container body 1 is that, among the four edges, the two edges on the inner side are the short edges 13 and the two edges on the outer side are the high edges 14, and the short edges 13 can be provided. A section of slope 15 that transitions from a high edge to a short edge.

[46] 所述的四个角边容器体 1在组合拼接吋, 如图 2A所示, 将各角边容器体 1的矮边 沿 13摆向内侧并使其靠拢, 将相对的排水通风槽 11以所述连接件连接, 然后以 若干倒 U形连接扣件 3 (如图 3所示) 向下压扣于相邻两矮边沿 13上, 从而将两相 邻的角边容器体 1连接在一起, 这样即组合成一个方形的种植容器。 而所述的角 边容器体 1可以为正方形也可以为长方形。  [46] The four corner container bodies 1 are combined to form a splicing raft. As shown in FIG. 2A, the short rims 13 of the corner container bodies 1 are turned inward and brought closer together, and the opposite drainage vents 11 are provided. Connected by the connecting member, and then pressed down on the adjacent two short edges 13 with a plurality of inverted U-shaped connecting fasteners 3 (as shown in FIG. 3), thereby connecting the two adjacent corner-side container bodies 1 Together, this is combined into a square planting container. The corner container body 1 may be square or rectangular.

[47] 本发明所述的种植容器还可进一步包括四个方形边缘容器体 4及一个方形中部 容器体 5。 其中: 该边缘容器体 4 (如图 4所示) 的大体结构与角边容器体 1相同 , 不赞述, 不同的是, 其位于内侧的三个边沿为矮边沿 43, 而位于外侧的一个 边沿为高边沿 44, 且与高边沿 44相邻的两个矮边沿 43处可设有一段由高边沿向 矮边沿过渡的倾斜段 45。 所述中部容器体 5 (如图 5所示) 与其它容器体不同且 关键之处在于: 其四周边沿均为矮边沿 53。 此外, 各个容器体的排水通风槽端 部之间的连接件 7可如图 6所示, 其插入于两相邻的排水通风槽之内, 从而将两 者连接在一起。 The planting container of the present invention may further comprise four square edge container bodies 4 and a square central container body 5. Wherein: the general structure of the edge container body 4 (shown in FIG. 4) is the same as that of the corner container body 1, not to mention, except that the three edges on the inner side are short edges 43, and the one located on the outer side The rim is a high rim 44, and the two short rims 43 adjacent the high rim 44 may be provided with a sloping section 45 that transitions from a high edge to a short edge. The central container body 5 (shown in Figure 5) is different from the other container bodies and is critical in that all four peripheral edges are short edges 53. Further, the connecting member 7 between the ends of the drain vents of the respective container bodies can be inserted into the two adjacent drain venting grooves as shown in Fig. 6, thereby joining the two together.

[48] 上述各容器体在组合拼接吋, 将各容器体如图 7所示摆放好, 然后再以连接扣 件 3向下压扣于相邻两矮边沿 13、 43、 53上, 从而组合成一个更大的方形种植容 器。  [48] Each of the container bodies is assembled and spliced, and the container bodies are placed as shown in FIG. 7, and then the connecting fasteners 3 are pressed down on the adjacent two short edges 13, 43, 53 Combine a larger square planting container.

[49] 再配合图 8所示, 所述位于外侧的各容器体, 即角边容器体 1及边缘容器体 4的 高边沿 14、 44顶部可横向延设板状突沿 18、 48, 该突沿 18、 48用以卡固一具卡 槽 61的护栏 6 (如图 9所示) , 该护栏 6不但可用以装饰该种植容器, 还可起到辅 助连接各容器体的目的。 此外, 该护栏 6还可以起到加高种植容器高度的目的, 即选择不同的护栏 6, 就可根据种植植物的不同种类而选择不同高度的护栏 6, 例如如种植灌木吋, 就要选择高护栏的种植容器, 而此吋, 高边沿向矮边沿过 渡的倾斜段 15、 45还可起到对高边沿的加强拉力作用, 防止高边沿连同护栏 6— 起向外翻倒。 [49] Further, as shown in FIG. 8 , the outer container bodies, that is, the top edges of the high-edge edges 14, 44 of the corner container body 1 and the edge container body 4 can extend laterally with the plate-like projections 18, 48. The flanges 18, 48 are used to secure a guard rail 6 (shown in FIG. 9) of a card slot 61. The guard rail 6 can be used not only to decorate the planting container, but also to assist in connecting the container bodies. In addition, the guard rail 6 can also serve the purpose of heightening the height of the planting container, that is, selecting different guard rails 6, and selecting guard rails of different heights according to different types of planting plants, for example, if planting shrubs, it is necessary to select high. The planting container of the guardrail, and the inclined sections 15, 45 of the high edge along the transition to the short edge can also exert a reinforcing pulling force on the high edge, preventing the high edge from falling over with the guard rail 6.

[50] 此外, 本发明还可通过增加或减少边缘容器体 4或 /及中部容器体 5的数量, 来 改变整体种植容器的形状及大小, 从而可根据场地的大小任意组合拼装。 通过 这种结构拼接而成的组合种植容器, 由于仅仅在四周有较高的边沿, 其内部的 边沿均较低, 这样当种植植物后, 内部的矮边沿均被泥土或培养基质所覆盖, 因此从整体外观来看, 根本看不出各个单一个体, 就相当于一个很大的种植容 器, 从而具有很好的整体感, 使种植出的绿化地具有成片的整体效果。  Further, the present invention can also change the shape and size of the entire planting container by increasing or decreasing the number of the edge container body 4 or / and the middle container body 5, so that the assembling can be arbitrarily combined according to the size of the site. The combined planting container constructed by this structure has a lower edge at the periphery because of the higher edge, so that when the plant is planted, the inner short edge is covered by the soil or the culture substrate, so From the overall appearance, it is not possible to see each single individual at all, which is equivalent to a large planting container, so that it has a good overall sense, so that the planted green land has a holistic effect.

[51] 另外, 所述的各个容器体在连接吋, 即使以所述连接扣件 3扣压连接, 两个容 器体之间也不可避免的会存在缝隙, 这样水就容易从该缝隙处渗出。 为解决这 一问题, 本发明可釆取延长连接扣件 3的方式, 即令一长条状的连接扣件 3扣压 住两相邻容器体的两相邻矮边沿的整段, 如果具有倾斜段, 还包括整段的倾斜 段。 而对于四个相邻的容器体的中间, 可釆用如图 10所示的十字形连接扣件 3 , 该十字形连接扣件 3 的下方设有倒 U形槽。 使用吋, 如图 11所示, 将该十字 形连接扣件 3 扣压于四个相邻容器体的中间, 而将连接扣件 3扣压于两相邻容 器体的矮边沿或倾斜段, 由于矮边沿与倾斜段之间有弯折, 因此可用橡胶制成 所述的连接扣件 3, 从而令连接扣件 3具有一定的柔软度, 可任意弯折。 由于所 述的连接扣件 3或十字形连接扣件 3 将各个的容器体边沿扣压住, 而将两容器 体间的缝隙覆盖, 这样介质、 种植土或水就不会渗透到整个容器的底部, 令容 器底部更干爽、 清洁。 [51] In addition, the respective container bodies are connected to each other, and even if the connecting fasteners 3 are crimped and connected, there is inevitably a gap between the two container bodies, so that water easily exudes from the gaps. . In order to solve this problem, the present invention can take the manner of extending the connecting fastener 3 by pressing a long connecting fastener 3 against the entire length of two adjacent short edges of two adjacent container bodies, if there is a tilt The segment also includes the entire segment of the inclined segment. For the middle of four adjacent container bodies, a cross-shaped connecting fastener 3 as shown in Fig. 10 can be used, and an inverted U-shaped groove is provided below the cross-shaped connecting fastener 3. Use 吋, as shown in Figure 11, the cross The connecting fastener 3 is fastened in the middle of the four adjacent container bodies, and the connecting fastener 3 is fastened to the short edge or the inclined section of the two adjacent container bodies, because the short edge and the inclined section are bent, so The connecting fastener 3 is made of rubber, so that the connecting fastener 3 has a certain degree of softness and can be bent at will. Since the connecting fastener 3 or the cross-shaped connecting fastener 3 presses the edges of the respective container bodies, the gap between the two container bodies is covered, so that the medium, the planting soil or the water does not penetrate the entire container. At the bottom, make the bottom of the container dry and clean.

[52] 需要说明的是, 本发明更极端的还可仅设置两个方形容器体 (不再予图示) , 两个容器体相邻的一边沿为矮边沿, 而外侧的三个边沿则为高边沿。 这样两个 容器体对合并由连接扣件嵌扣后, 即组装成为一个较小的种植容器。  [52] It should be noted that, in the more extreme of the present invention, only two square container bodies (not shown) may be provided, and the adjacent edges of the two container bodies are short edges, while the outer three edges are For the high edge. Thus, the two container body pairs are assembled into a smaller planting container after being joined by the connecting fasteners.

[53] 再者, 本发明所述的各容器体的水平截面, 也可以为其它各种几何形状, 例如 多边形、 扇形、 半圆形等规则形状, 甚至各种不规则形状, 此吋, 只要令位于 内侧的边沿为矮边沿, 位于外侧的边沿为高边沿, 均可达到组合后可成为一完 整整体的目的。 而各种形状的容器体可以任意组合成各种形状的种植容器, 如 两个三角形可以拼成一个菱形、 两个半圆形可以拼成一个圆形 ......从而使种植 容器的组合变化多样且丰富多彩。  [53] Furthermore, the horizontal cross-section of each container body according to the present invention may also be other various geometric shapes, such as regular shapes such as polygons, sectors, semi-circles, and even irregular shapes. The edge on the inner side is a short edge, and the edge on the outer side is a high edge, which can be combined to achieve a complete whole. The container bodies of various shapes can be arbitrarily combined into planting containers of various shapes, for example, two triangles can be formed into one diamond shape, and two semicircles can be formed into a circular shape... thereby making the container container The mix varies and is rich and varied.

[54] 本发明所述的移动种植容器, 可以通过组合拼接的方式安装于屋顶等场地, 但 是如果面积过大, 则不利于管理及种植, 也不方便人们在绿化地内行走游玩。 为此, 使用者可以将本发明所述的种植容器组合拼接成若干块, 在每块之间则 留出一条通道, 如图 12所示, 该通道的底部可以用来布置排水管, 其余部分则 可放置保温层 9, 其上方可放置栈道板 8, 从而可方便行走, 又同样具有隔热保 温的功效。 一般来说, 所述的栈道板 8通常为一条条的木板、 石板、 金属板或塑 料板等, 为防止栈道板 8随意移动, 本发明可在所述护栏 6 的外侧边设置若干 凹槽 62 ' (如图 13所示) , 该凹槽 62 ' 的宽度与各块栈道板 8的宽度相当。 安装 吋, 将各块栈道板 8放置于两侧护栏相对的凹槽 62 ' 内, 就可防止栈道板 8任意 移动。  [54] The mobile planting container according to the present invention can be installed on a roof or the like by a combination of splicing, but if the area is too large, it is not conducive to management and planting, and it is not convenient for people to walk and play in the green space. To this end, the user can splicing the planting container combination of the present invention into a plurality of blocks, leaving a passage between each block, as shown in Fig. 12, the bottom of the channel can be used to arrange the drain pipe, and the rest The insulating layer 9 can be placed, and the plank board 8 can be placed above the board to facilitate walking, and also has the effect of heat insulation. Generally, the plank board 8 is generally a strip of wood, slate, metal plate or plastic plate, etc. To prevent the plank board 8 from moving at random, the present invention can provide a plurality of grooves on the outer side of the guard rail 6. 62' (as shown in FIG. 13), the width of the groove 62' is equivalent to the width of each of the plank boards 8. Installation 吋, placing each plank board 8 in the opposite recess 62' of the side rails prevents the plank board 8 from moving at will.

[55] 继续配合图 13所示, 所述的护栏 6 内侧设有一下向的卡槽 61 ' , 该卡槽 61 ' 可直接卡固于种植容器的边沿, 而不需再于边沿上加设横向突沿。 此外, 为方 便运输及安装, 所述的护栏通常被设置成具有固定长度的单元结构, 为利于每 个单元护栏的组合, 该单元护栏 6—一侧开有一滑槽 63' , 而另一侧则设与滑槽 63' 配合的滑块 64' 。 组装吋, 将其中一个护栏 的滑块 64' 滑入于另一个护 栏 6 的滑槽之内, 即可令若干护栏 6 稳固的连接成一个整体。 [55] Continued to cooperate with FIG. 13, the inside of the guard rail 6 is provided with a downwardly facing card slot 61', which can be directly clamped to the edge of the planting container without further adding to the edge. Transverse edge. In addition, for convenient transportation and installation, the guard rails are usually arranged to have a fixed length unit structure, in order to facilitate each A combination of unit guard rails, the unit guard rail 6 has a chute 63' on one side, and a slider 64' mated with the chute 63' on the other side. After assembly, the slider 64' of one of the guard rails is slid into the chute of the other guard rail 6, so that the plurality of guard rails 6 can be firmly connected into one unit.

Claims

权利要求书 Claim
[1] 1、 一种移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 它包括容器体及排水阻根盘; 该容器 体的底部设有排水通风槽及蓄水槽, 该排水通风槽通向容器体的外部, 而 该蓄水槽的侧壁偏上开有若干与排水通风槽相通的溢水口; 所述排水阻根 盘盖设于容器体的排水通风槽及蓄水槽上方, 其与该蓄水槽相对的位置设 有若干通孔。  [1] 1. A mobile planting container, comprising: a container body and a drainage block; the bottom of the container body is provided with a drainage ventilation groove and a water storage tank, the drainage ventilation groove leading to the outside of the container body, The side wall of the water storage tank is provided with a plurality of overflow ports communicating with the drainage ventilation grooves; the drainage resistance root plate is disposed above the drainage ventilation groove of the container body and the water storage tank, and the position opposite to the water storage tank is set. There are several through holes.
[2] 2、 如权利要求 1所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 它至少包括两个独立 的且并排设置的容器体, 各容器体与其它容器体相邻的一侧边沿为矮边沿 , 而不与任何容器体相邻的一侧边沿为高边沿, 且相邻两容器体的排水通 风槽相连通。  [2] 2. The mobile planting container according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises at least two independent and side-by-side container bodies, and one side edge of each container body adjacent to the other container body is a short edge. The side edge adjacent to any container body is a high edge, and the drainage vents of the adjacent two container bodies are in communication.
[3] 3、 如权利要求 1所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 它包括四个并排设置 的方形角边容器体, 其四个边沿中, 位于内侧的两边沿为矮边沿, 而位于 外侧的两边沿为高边沿, 且相邻两容器体的排水通风槽相连通。  [3] 3. The mobile planting container according to claim 1, comprising: four square-corner container bodies arranged side by side, wherein the two edges on the inner side are short edges and located at The two sides of the outer side are high edges, and the drainage vents of the adjacent two container bodies are in communication.
[4] 4、 如权利要求 3所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 该种植容器进一步包 括若干方形边缘容器体夹设在两角边容器体之间, 其位于内侧的三个边沿 为矮边沿, 而位于外侧的一个边沿为高边沿。  [4] 4. The mobile planting container according to claim 3, wherein: the planting container further comprises a plurality of square edge container bodies sandwiched between the container bodies at the two corners, and the three edges on the inner side are short The edge, and one edge on the outside is the high edge.
[5] 5、 如权利要求 4所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 该种植容器再进一步 包括若干中部容器体, 该中部容器体的四周边沿均为矮边沿。  [5] The mobile planting container according to claim 4, wherein the planting container further comprises a plurality of middle container bodies, wherein the four peripheral edges of the middle container body are short edges.
[6] 6、 如权利要求 1-5之一所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 所述各容器体 的排水通风槽为十字形, 而所述蓄水槽则设置于十字形排水通风槽的四角  [6] 6. The mobile planting container according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: the drainage venting groove of each container body has a cross shape, and the water storage tank is disposed in a cross-shaped drainage ventilating groove. Four corners
[7] 7、 如权利要求 1-5之一所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 所述的各容器 体底部还设有一保温层。 [7] 7. The mobile planting container according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that: at the bottom of each of the container bodies, an insulating layer is further provided.
[8] 8、 如权利要求 2-5之一所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 所述各相邻容 器体的两矮边沿上由倒 U形连接扣件向下压扣连接, 四个相邻的各容器体 中间由一十字形连接扣件向下压扣连接。 [8] The mobile planting container according to any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein: the two short edges of the adjacent container bodies are press-downly connected by the inverted U-shaped connecting fasteners, The middle of each adjacent container body is crimped down by a cross-shaped connecting fastener.
[9] 9、 如权利要求 2-5之一所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 所述各容器体 的高边沿顶部横向延设板状突沿, 该突沿用以卡固一具卡槽的护栏。 [9] The mobile planting container according to any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein: the high edge of each of the container bodies is laterally extended with a plate-like protruding edge, and the protruding edge is used for fastening a card. Slot guardrail.
10、 如权利要求 2-5之一所述的移动种植容器, 其特征在于: 所述各容器体 排水通风槽的端部设有连接件与相邻排水通风槽连接。 The mobile planting container according to any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein: the end of each of the container body drainage vents is provided with a connecting member connected to the adjacent drainage venting groove.
PCT/CN2008/072791 2008-06-25 2008-10-23 Mobile planting container WO2009155760A1 (en)

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CN103931435A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-07-23 上海中卉生态科技股份有限公司 Vegetable planting container
CN104115692B (en) * 2014-06-27 2017-06-06 惠州市维尔环境科技有限公司 Drainage planting groove
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