WO2007131427A1 - Manufacturing and using methods of a roller device and a walking wheeled vehicle - Google Patents

Manufacturing and using methods of a roller device and a walking wheeled vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2007131427A1
WO2007131427A1 PCT/CN2007/001412 CN2007001412W WO2007131427A1 WO 2007131427 A1 WO2007131427 A1 WO 2007131427A1 CN 2007001412 W CN2007001412 W CN 2007001412W WO 2007131427 A1 WO2007131427 A1 WO 2007131427A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
frame
roller
wheel
pedal
rollers
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2007/001412
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Zhongming Wang
Lu Li
Original Assignee
Zhongming Wang
Lu Li
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhongming Wang, Lu Li filed Critical Zhongming Wang
Publication of WO2007131427A1 publication Critical patent/WO2007131427A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K3/00Bicycles
    • B62K3/002Bicycles without a seat, i.e. the rider operating the vehicle in a standing position, e.g. non-motorized scooters; non-motorized scooters with skis or runners
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • A63C17/04Roller skates; Skate-boards with wheels arranged otherwise than in two pairs
    • A63C17/045Roller skis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • A63C17/26Roller skates; Skate-boards with special auxiliary arrangements, e.g. illuminating, marking, or push-off devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • A63C17/26Roller skates; Skate-boards with special auxiliary arrangements, e.g. illuminating, marking, or push-off devices
    • A63C17/265Roller skates; Skate-boards with special auxiliary arrangements, e.g. illuminating, marking, or push-off devices with handles or hand supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62MRIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR SINGLE-TRACK CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES
    • B62M1/00Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles
    • B62M1/36Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles with rotary cranks, e.g. with pedal cranks
    • B62M1/38Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles with rotary cranks, e.g. with pedal cranks for directly driving the wheel axle

Definitions

  • This invention relates to a type of roller and a walker wheel having a transmission structure, and more particularly to the manufacture of a roller which can be driven on a walking or running manner by means of a pair of legs.
  • This type of roller is mounted behind a vertical swing frame or a parallelogram swing frame. The method of making and using a walking wheel that is driven by a walking or running style with a vertical frame.
  • the force of the user's leg to be depressed after lifting the leg during walking or running is converted into the forward driving force of the roller, and the existing various types of feet with the transmission mechanism
  • these known structures have problems in almost two degrees.
  • First, the complexity of the transmission structure is not only high in cost, but also has certain reliability and durability. For example, under the impact of leg running, the transmission rack gear may be damaged.
  • Second, the diameter of the roller is small. When most of the structure is in use, the height of the user's sole from the ground is greater than the diameter of the roller. This brings a dilemma. In order to improve the roller passing ability, it is desirable that the diameter of the roller is larger. However, in order to lower the standing height of the user, it is desirable that the diameter of the roller is smaller.
  • the current mainstream mode is also frame type, that is, the wheels are mounted on the frame, and the user's hand grasps the balance of the vehicle and balances the direction of the vehicle during operation.
  • the user drives the roller on the frame with walking or running on the legs.
  • This type of device runs smoothly, but its basic force-bearing structure is actually a reduced-type bicycle or scooter. It also requires a solid frame to support the user's weight, thus reducing the size and weight. The effect is not satisfactory.
  • the invention has the following two purposes:
  • the structure of the walking wheel is to avoid the shortcomings of the existing standing wheel vehicles in the driving mode, and the disadvantages of large volume, heavy weight and high cost in different degrees, and provide a class of the invention.
  • the roller is combined with a vertical swinging frame or a parallel quadrilateral swing frame to make and use a walking wheel, which is small in size, light in weight, simple to use, convenient to drive, and versatile. All types of people can use the transport or both.
  • a set of roller system has two rollers arranged in parallel or in-line, with a crank between the two rollers, the crank can rotate around the axis of the two rollers, and the pedal shaft has a pedal shaft at the top.
  • the pedal is mounted on the pedal shaft, and a strap is provided at a suitable place on the pedal for fixing the user's foot.
  • One of the rollers is driven by the overrunning clutch and the crank, when the foot of the person's leg is stepped on the pedal and tied After the belt is fixed, when the legs swing and walk or run, the foot can swing forward when it is swung backwards at the lowest point of the crank, or when the foot is lifted to turn the crank to the highest point and then step down.
  • the trajectory of the foot is basically the same as the sinusoid of the roller driven by the pedal pedal.
  • roller structure of the present invention has greater advantages and obvious beneficial effects in the following two aspects in comparison with the existing various types of structures in terms of production and use methods:
  • the roller structure of the present invention can better avoid these defects, because the user's foot stepped on the pedal and the roller is rotated by the crankshaft through the overrunning clutch, and there is no damage problem of the rack and pinion, and the most important is that the crankshaft is
  • the circular motion around the axis of the roller has a certain buffering protection for the joints such as the human leg, and the rotational inertia of the crank and the wheel can be well utilized in rapid motion.
  • rollers equipped with transmission structure In order to balance the stroke requirements of the transmission mechanism and ensure a certain height of the center of gravity, the diameter of the roller can only be reduced, resulting in a decrease in the ability to pass the road.
  • the roller structure is a two-wheel type, and the two basic structures can be arranged in parallel or in a straight line, and the crank rotates around the axis of the two rollers between the two rollers, and is mounted on one of the roller shafts.
  • Overrunning clutch with crank drive Overrunning clutch with crank drive.
  • the height at which the user stands at the center of gravity of the roller in this configuration does not depend on the diameter of the roller, but on the length of the crank. Therefore, the roller structure can also obtain a lower standing center of gravity while using a larger diameter roller.
  • the above describes the two kinds of pedal driving rollers that can be worn on the feet.
  • the feet can be directly used on the pedals of the roller, and the horizontal thrust of the legs can be grounded due to the large diameter of the wheel.
  • the vertical pressure can be converted into the driving force of the roller, which can achieve faster taxiing speed and strong road pass. Ability.
  • the method for manufacturing and using the walking wheel of the present invention can mount the roller on a frame of different structure on the basis of completely retaining the roller and the transmission structure, and driving the legs to swing or run.
  • the roller can be combined with the vertical swinging frame or the parallelogram swinging frame to become a popular wheeled and freight car.
  • the basic arrangement of two different walking wheels composed of a vertical swinging frame or a parallelogram swinging frame can be added to the different arrangement of the rollers of the present invention.
  • the walking wheel consists of two sets of side-by-side rollers or in-line rollers plus a vertical swinging frame.
  • the frame consists of two vertical bars and a cross bar that can swing about the axis of both ends of the crossbar.
  • One end of the two vertical rods is mounted on the rotating shaft of the two sets of parallel rollers by bearings, or on the rotating shafts of the front wheels of the two sets of in-line rollers, and the other end can be used by the user's hands to control the balance of the body.
  • the pedestrian wheel consists of two sets of in-line rollers plus a parallelogram swing frame.
  • the frame consists of two sets of two parallel bars and a parallel bar and a crossbar.
  • the two sets of parallelogram side frames can swing parallel around the axis of the two ends of the crossbar.
  • the lower ends of the two sets of parallelogram side frames are mounted on the rotating shafts of the two sets of in-line rollers by bearings, and the two front vertical bars at the upper end are longer, so that the user's hands can hold the balance of the control body.
  • the user's feet stand on the pedals of the two sides of the roller, and the two hands hold the two vertical bars respectively.
  • the top handle of the frame, and the brakes are added to the corresponding parts.
  • the hands and feet on the same side swing in opposite directions.
  • the trajectory of the foot is basically the same as the sinusoid of the roller driven by the pedal pedal, and the driving roller rotates forward.
  • the two hands hold the two vertical frame to control the balance of the body.
  • the brake control of the side rollers during cornering the purpose of smooth and safe operation is achieved.
  • the wheeler can be a hand-drawn trolley without any modification.
  • the pedestrian wheel vehicle of the present invention has the following advantages and obvious beneficial effects in comparison with the existing similar standing wheel vehicles.
  • the weight of the user of the wheeler is basically carried by the pedal, the pedal shaft, the crank and the roller, and the frame is basically unstressed. It can greatly reduce the weight ratio and volume ratio of the frame in the whole vehicle.
  • the frame structure of the wheeler has a crossbar, so that the two vertical bars swing around the axis of the two ends of the crossbar at a certain distance. When used, it is more in line with the physiological movement structure of ergonomics. It is also more convenient to maintain body balance while running. More importantly, the roller has a crank transmission structure that passes the overrunning clutch. When the user swings the legs and walks or runs, the leg swings backwards at the lowest point of the crank, or the foot lifts up to turn the crank. When the highest point is pressed down, it can drive the wheel car to move forward. Its running speed can be close to the running speed of ordinary bicycles.
  • the wheel is much superior in terms of structure, weight, cost, etc., and can also be mounted on the vertical frame.
  • the motorized drive mechanism becomes a motorized scooter.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the basic structure of a side-by-side roller.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of an in-line type roller.
  • Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of a walking wheel after the vertical roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame.
  • Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of the walking wheel after the vertical roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame.
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of the walking wheel after the single-roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame.
  • Figure 6 is a schematic diagram showing the basic structure of a pedestrian wheeled vehicle with a parallelogram swinging frame mounted on the side inline roller.
  • Figure 7 is a schematic diagram showing the basic structure of a walking wheel car with a parallelogram swinging frame and a seat with an inline roller.
  • Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of another walking wheel vehicle with a parallelogram swinging frame and a seat with an inline roller.
  • Figure 9 is a schematic diagram of the basic structure of a motorized or hybrid pedestrian vehicle based on a walking wheeled vehicle with a side roller vertical swinging frame and a power unit mounted on the vertical frame.
  • Figure 10 is a schematic view of the user using a side roller or a side-by-side roller.
  • Figure 11 is a schematic illustration of the user carrying small cargo when using a side roller or a side-by-side roller.
  • rollers on both sides of the side-by-side roller are symmetrical.
  • the whole roller system has two left and right rollers 1 and 8 of the same diameter, an overrunning clutch 2 installed in the wheel 1, and a frame 3 for coupling the two wheels together.
  • the two-sided symmetrical crank 4 is mounted on the pedal shaft 5 at the outer end of the crank, the bearing seat of the pedal 6 is sleeved on the pedal shaft 5, and the foot strap 7 is provided at a suitable place on the pedal 6.
  • the user's one foot is stepped on the pedal 6 and fixed with the strap 7, when the foot is depressed to make the crank After going to the bottom dead center, the foot starts to lift upwards while dragging the entire roller group to slide forward.
  • the pedal 6 is pushed down, and the crank 4 is driven by the overrunning clutch 2.
  • the roller 1 is rotated forward until the crank 4 is turned back to the bottom dead center, and the roller 8 is always in a freely rotating state.
  • the front roller 9 and the rear roller 19 of the in-line roller have the same diameter
  • the crank 12 and the crank 21 have the same size
  • the front roller 9 is provided with an overrunning clutch 13
  • the axle 14 is equipped with a frame 15 to connect the front and rear wheels.
  • the pedal shafts 10 and 20 are coupled with the swinging rod 11, and the pedal 16 is fixed at a suitable place of the swinging rod 11.
  • the pedal 16 is provided with a foot strap 17 on the upper side of the pedal 16 for the user's foot 18 is fixed on it.
  • one of the user's feet 18 is stepped on the pedal 16 and fixed with the strap 17.
  • the pedal of the foot drives the cranks 12 and 21 to the bottom dead center, the foot 18 starts to lift upwards while dragging the entire roller set.
  • Slide forward when the foot is raised to the top dead center of the cranks 12 and 21, the pedal 16 is depressed downward, and the roller 9 is driven forward by the crank 12 via the overrunning clutch 13 until the cranks 12 and 21 are turned back to the lower end. Point, while the roller 19 is always in a freely rotating state.
  • FIG. 3 the basic structural schematic diagram of the walking wheel after the vertical roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame.
  • One of the trains has left and right rollers 22 and 29, an axle 23, a connecting frame 24 of the roller 22 and the roller 29, a crank 27 between the two wheels, a pedal 25, a strap 26 on the pedal 25, and a crank 27 passing through
  • the overrunning clutch 28 and the roller 29 are driven, and the two sets of wheels have vertical frame 30 and 38.
  • the appropriate part of the frame 30 has a rotating shaft seat 32, and a U-shaped cross frame 36 is fixed on the vertical frame 38. At one end of the frame 36, there is a rotating shaft seat 34.
  • the rotating shaft 35 passes through the bearing housing 34 and the bearing housing 32, and is coupled by a nut 31.
  • the two side frames can swing around the shaft 35, and are respectively mounted on the top of the frame 30 and the frame 38.
  • the user's left and right feet are respectively stepped on the pedals of the two sets of roller cars, and tied with straps, and the two hands grasp the handles of the frame of the two vertical bars, and can walk normally.
  • Fig. 4 the basic structural schematic diagram of the walking wheel after the vertical roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame.
  • the two sets of in-line roller structures are mirror-symmetrical wheel trains and vertical rod frames, one of which has front and rear rollers 48 and 53, and the roller 48 and the roller 53 are connected to the frame 51, respectively.
  • Cranks 44 and 54 with a swing lever 45 between the two cranks, a suitable place on the swing lever .45 has a pedal 52, a strap 50 on the pedal 52, and the two vertical frame are coupled to the front axle by bearings
  • the vertical shaft 41 of the vertical rod 46 is provided with a brake device 39 at the handle of the frame, and the vertical frame of the two sets of rollers is spaced apart by the cylinder 40 to be swung around the rotating shaft 42. .
  • the user's left and right feet are stepped on the pedals of the two sets of roller cars and tied with straps. Both hands grasp the handles of the two vertical bar frames, and can walk normally. For example, when the right leg is taken forward, the right foot is raised until the cranks 44 and 54 of the front and rear wheels are turned to the top dead center, the pedal 52 is depressed downward, and the crank 44 is driven forward by the crank 44 through the overrunning clutch 43. Until the cranks 44 and 54 are turned to the bottom dead center, the left foot starts the same process, and the two legs alternately swing and lift as if they are in the same way.
  • rollers Since one of the two sets of rollers is equipped with an overrunning clutch, the roller is Can't reverse when scrolling, no matter what two feet It is the swinging or stepping on the pedal, which can push the forward wheel of the walking wheel.
  • you need to turn you can use two sides to grasp the brakes that need to turn the corners, you can make the wheel turn, and both sides can hold the vehicle at the same time.
  • the two types of walking wheels described above are all made up of a combination of a separately usable roller and a vertical swinging frame.
  • the present invention proposes the basic design of the following two-wheeled pedestrian vehicle.
  • FIG. 5 it is a schematic diagram of the basic structure of the pedestrian wheel after the vertical single-roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame.
  • the whole vehicle structure there are two sets of mirror-symmetrical rollers and transmissions, one of which consists of a roller 60, an overrunning clutch 61, a crank 62, a pedal 63 and the like.
  • the right roller is mounted on the frame 59
  • the left roller is mounted on the frame.
  • the frame 59 of the frame 59 has a shaft seat 57 at one end, and a suitable position of the frame 56 has a shaft seat 55, which can swing about the rotating shaft 58.
  • Fig. 6 a basic structural diagram of a pedestrian wheeled vehicle in which a side-by-side inline roller is mounted with a parallelogram swinging frame is shown.
  • the whole vehicle consists of two sets of mirror-symmetrical rollers and transmissions, and a parallelogram frame.
  • One set of roller frame devices consists of a rear roller 64, a roller coupled to the bottom frame 65, a front roller 66, and a rear wheel vertical frame.
  • the user's left and right feet are stepped on the pedals on both sides and tied with straps. Both hands grasp the handles of the vertical frame on both sides, and can walk normally.
  • the use of the walking wheel is the same as that shown in Figure 3. Same.
  • the difference with the pedestrian wheel shown in Figure 5 is that the car uses a parallel swing frame, which is more stable and safe to use, and is especially suitable for the elderly and children.
  • FIG. 7 the basic structure of the walker wheel consisting of the inline roller shown in Fig. 2 and the parallelogram swinging frame equipped with the seat is shown.
  • the vehicle structure consists of two sets of mirror-symmetrical rollers and transmissions, as well as a parallelogram frame.
  • One set of roller frame device consists of a rear roller 80, a bottom frame 81, a crank connecting rod 82 of the front and rear rollers, and a front wheel 84.
  • the length between the bottom frame 81, the front frame 88, the rear frame 83, the U-shaped frame 87 of the U-shaped frame 87 and the rotating shaft seat 86 constitutes a swingable parallelogram frame.
  • FIG. 8 there is shown another structural schematic diagram of a walker wheel consisting of a parallelogram swinging frame equipped with a seat as shown in Fig. 7.
  • the whole vehicle structure consists of two mirror-symmetrical symmetrical rollers and transmissions, and a parallelogram frame.
  • One set of roller frame devices consists of a rear roller 96, a roller coupled to the bottom frame 97, and a front frame of the front and rear rollers 97.
  • Round 98 Rear wheel vertical frame 99, hinge base 101, horizontal frame 103 and spacer sleeves 102 and 105 at both ends, front wheel vertical frame 100, hinge seat 104, seat 108 fixed to the horizontal frame, shaft Composition of 106 and 107.
  • the length between the bottom frame 07, the front frame 100, the rear frame 99, the rotating shaft base 102 of the horizontal frame 103 and the rotating shaft seat 105 constitutes a swingable parallelogram frame.
  • the vertical swinging frame is equipped with a power unit to make it a mobile or hybrid power.
  • the whole vehicle is composed of a frame and two sets of left and right symmetrical rollers and transmission mechanisms, one of which has a roller 109, an overrunning clutch 109, a transmission chain 110, a motorized device 111 fixed on the vertical pole 112, and a vertical frame.
  • the rotating shaft seat 113, the rotating shaft seat 114 on the U-shaped beam 115, the rotating shaft 117, the crank 118 and the pedal 119 are composed of components.
  • the motorized unit can be equipped with various internal combustion engines, either batteries and electric motors, or the motor can be mounted in the axle of the wheel 109, and 111 is an external battery pack.
  • the attachment of the mobile device is smoother and more convenient.
  • the vehicle is shaped into a hybrid, it is possible to swing the pedal with the foot, and at the same time, the driving device can be driven to drive.
  • the cranks and pedals on the two side rollers can be removed, and two fixed pedals can be placed on the extension of the two-sided vertical swing frame.
  • the feet can be close together or the front and rear forks according to the road condition to ensure the smoothness during driving.
  • FIG. 10 it is a schematic diagram of a user using a side roller or a side-by-side roller.
  • a roller 120 on one side, a swing frame 121, a U-beam frame 122, and a swing axis 123 of the frame on both sides.
  • Handle 124 on the side of the frame, user 125.
  • the rotating shaft core of the thigh and the pelvis of the user's human body substantially coincides with the swinging shaft core of the frame, and the handle of the vertical rod frame swinging around the shaft core is the same as the swinging direction of the human hand while walking, thereby realizing the use.
  • a walker and the human physiological structure and movement characteristics can achieve a harmonious unity.
  • 126 is a small cargo loaded on a pedestrian car.

Abstract

Manufacturing and using methods of a roller device and a walking wheeled vehicle are disclosed. With feet treading on it, the roller device can be driven by walk or run. The roller device is composed of two rollers (1, 8), a crank (4), a pedal shaft (5) and a pedal (6) etc. The two rollers (1, 8) may be arranged side by side or in a straight array. The roller device can be used individually. By using a swaying vehicle frame of vertical levers (40, 41, 42, 46) or a swaying vehicle frame of parallelogram-shaped levers (68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 77) to connect two groups of roller devices, the walking wheeled vehicle is formed.

Description

一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作与使用方法  Production and use of a type of roller and walking wheel
本发明所属技术领域 Technical field to which the present invention pertains
本发明涉及一类具有传动结构的滚轮及步行轮车, 尤其是涉及一类可用双 脚分别踏在其上、 以走路或跑步方式驱动的滚轮的制作。 以及将这类滚轮安装 在竖杆摆动式车架或平行四边形摆动式车架后。 手握竖杆车架以步行或跑步方 式驱动的步行轮车的制作与使用方法。  BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a type of roller and a walker wheel having a transmission structure, and more particularly to the manufacture of a roller which can be driven on a walking or running manner by means of a pair of legs. This type of roller is mounted behind a vertical swing frame or a parallelogram swing frame. The method of making and using a walking wheel that is driven by a walking or running style with a vertical frame.
在本发明之前的现有技术 Prior art prior to the present invention
为达到加快行走速度的目的, 将使用者的腿部在行走或跑步过程中抬腿后 向下压下的作用力转化为滚轮的向前驱动力, 现有的各式带有传动机构的脚踏 驱动式滚轮产品中出现了很多不同的设计。 但从最终使用效果来看, 这些已知 结构在两个方面都几乎不同程度的存在问题; 一是传动结构的复杂性, 不但造 价较高, 同时其可靠性和耐久性都有一定的欠缺, 例如在腿部跑步的冲击下会 造成传动齿条齿轮的损坏。 二是滚轮的直径较小, 如绝大部分结构在使用时, 使用者脚底距离地面的高度都大于滚轮的直径。 这就带来两难的选择, 为了使 滚轮通过能力提高, 希望滚轮的直径大一些。 但为了降低使用者的站立高度, 又希望滚轮的直径小一些。  In order to achieve the purpose of speeding up the walking speed, the force of the user's leg to be depressed after lifting the leg during walking or running is converted into the forward driving force of the roller, and the existing various types of feet with the transmission mechanism There are many different designs in the tactile roller product. However, from the perspective of the final use effect, these known structures have problems in almost two degrees. First, the complexity of the transmission structure is not only high in cost, but also has certain reliability and durability. For example, under the impact of leg running, the transmission rack gear may be damaged. Second, the diameter of the roller is small. When most of the structure is in use, the height of the user's sole from the ground is greater than the diameter of the roller. This brings a dilemma. In order to improve the roller passing ability, it is desirable that the diameter of the roller is larger. However, in order to lower the standing height of the user, it is desirable that the diameter of the roller is smaller.
在各种以站立方式驱动的轮车结构中, 目前主流方式还是车架式, 即车轮 安装在车架上,运行时使用者的手抓住车架上的车头对整车的平衡和方向控制, 使用者在车架上双腿以步行或跑步方式驱动滚轮。这类装置运行的平稳性较好, 但其基本的受力结构实际上就是缩小型的自行车或滑板车, 同样需要坚固的车 架来支撑使用者的重量, 因而在缩小体积和减轻重量等方面效果并不如意。 为 避免这些不足之处, 出现了一些不同的并列双轮的站立式轮车的典型结构, 如 在中国台湾 2003年国际自行车设计大奖赛获金牌的 XICLET车, 近几年由美国 SEGWAY公司生产的 "SEGWAY" 电动滑板车都是这类设计的典型。从使用效果来 看还是有较大的局限性, 例如前者的车轮仅为无传动结构的滑轮, 同时轮径也 较小, 行走速度太慢。 而后者为单纯电动驱动, 结构复杂造价高昂, 不利于推 广普及。 In various wheeled vehicles driven in a standing manner, the current mainstream mode is also frame type, that is, the wheels are mounted on the frame, and the user's hand grasps the balance of the vehicle and balances the direction of the vehicle during operation. The user drives the roller on the frame with walking or running on the legs. This type of device runs smoothly, but its basic force-bearing structure is actually a reduced-type bicycle or scooter. It also requires a solid frame to support the user's weight, thus reducing the size and weight. The effect is not satisfactory. In order to avoid these deficiencies, there are some typical structures of different parallel two-wheeled standing wheels, such as The "XEGLET" car that won the gold medal at the 2003 International Bicycle Design Awards in Taiwan, China, is the typical "SEGWAY" electric scooter produced by SEGWAY in the United States in recent years. From the perspective of the use effect, there are still major limitations. For example, the former wheel is only a pulley without a transmission structure, and the wheel diameter is also small, and the walking speed is too slow. The latter is a simple electric drive, and the structure is complicated and expensive, which is not conducive to popularization.
发明目的 Purpose of the invention
本发明有以下两个目的:  The invention has the following two purposes:
A、滚轮结构方面,在于避免现有各种带传动机构的脚踏驱动滚轮存在的如 传动机构复杂、 易损、 轮径过小等缺点, 而提供一类具有结构简单、 可靠、 坚 固耐用, 相对较大轮径和完全符合人腿脚部在行走或奔跑运动轨迹的脚踏驱动 滚轮的制作与使用方法。  A. In terms of the structure of the roller, it is to avoid the disadvantages such as the complicated driving mechanism, the vulnerability of the transmission mechanism, the small diameter of the wheel, and the like, and the provision of a simple, reliable, durable and durable structure. The relatively large wheel diameter and the method of making and using the pedal-driven roller that fully conforms to the walking or running motion of the human leg and foot.
B、步行轮车的结构方面,在于避免现有一些站立式轮车在驱动方式的不足 之处, 以及不同程度存在的体积较大、 重量较重、 造价高昂的缺点, 而提供一 类由本发明滚轮再加上竖杆摆动式车架、 或者是平行四边形摆动车架组成的步 行轮车的制作与使用方法, 使之具有体积小、 重量轻、 使用简单, 驱动方便, 多用途等特点, 适合各类人群都能使用代步或者兼为载物车。  B. The structure of the walking wheel is to avoid the shortcomings of the existing standing wheel vehicles in the driving mode, and the disadvantages of large volume, heavy weight and high cost in different degrees, and provide a class of the invention. The roller is combined with a vertical swinging frame or a parallel quadrilateral swing frame to make and use a walking wheel, which is small in size, light in weight, simple to use, convenient to drive, and versatile. All types of people can use the transport or both.
本发明采用的技术方案 Technical solution adopted by the invention
为达到上述两个目标, 本发明采用以下技术方案实施。  In order to achieve the above two objectives, the present invention is implemented using the following technical solutions.
滚轮结构的制作与使用方法方面, 一套滚轮系统有两个滚轮, 以并列或直 列式排列, 两滚轮之间装有曲柄, 曲柄可以绕两滚轮的轴心转动, 曲柄顶端有 踏板轴。 踏板装在踏板轴上, 踏板上合适地方有绑带用于固定使用者的脚部。 所述的其中一个滚轮通过超越离合器与曲柄传动, 当人腿的脚踩在踏板并用绑 带固定后,两腿摆动迈行走或跑步时,脚部无论是站在曲柄的最低点向后摆动, 或者脚抬起使曲柄转到最高点后向下踩动时, 均能驱动滚轮向前滚动, 脚部的 运动轨迹与通过脚踩踏板曲柄驱动滚轮的正弦曲线基本相同。 In terms of the manufacture and use of the roller structure, a set of roller system has two rollers arranged in parallel or in-line, with a crank between the two rollers, the crank can rotate around the axis of the two rollers, and the pedal shaft has a pedal shaft at the top. The pedal is mounted on the pedal shaft, and a strap is provided at a suitable place on the pedal for fixing the user's foot. One of the rollers is driven by the overrunning clutch and the crank, when the foot of the person's leg is stepped on the pedal and tied After the belt is fixed, when the legs swing and walk or run, the foot can swing forward when it is swung backwards at the lowest point of the crank, or when the foot is lifted to turn the crank to the highest point and then step down. Rolling, the trajectory of the foot is basically the same as the sinusoid of the roller driven by the pedal pedal.
从使用效果来看, 本发明的滚轮结构在制作与使用方法方面与现有各类同 类结构比较, 在以下两个方面具有较大的优越性和明显的有益效果:  From the point of view of the use effect, the roller structure of the present invention has greater advantages and obvious beneficial effects in the following two aspects in comparison with the existing various types of structures in terms of production and use methods:
1、 使用者在行走或跑步, 特别是大幅度跳跃时对脚部的冲击力很大, 这些 冲击力对哪些通过齿条齿轮等传动方式驱动的滚轮会有一定的机械损害。 同时 这类传动方式对于人体腿部等运动关节也不会有任何的缓冲保护作用。 而本实 用新型的滚轮结构则能较好的避免这些缺陷, 因为使用者的脚部踩在踏板上通 过曲轴经超越离合器带动滚轮转动, 没有齿轮齿条的损害问题, 而最主要的是 曲轴是绕滚轮轴心做圆周运动, 对于人体腿部等运动关节会有一定的缓冲保护 作用, 同时在快速运动中曲柄及车轮的旋转惯性也可得到很好的利用。  1. When the user walks or runs, especially when jumping a lot, the impact force on the foot is very large. These impact forces have certain mechanical damage to the rollers driven by the gears such as the rack gear. At the same time, this type of transmission does not have any cushioning protection for the joints such as the human leg. The roller structure of the present invention can better avoid these defects, because the user's foot stepped on the pedal and the roller is rotated by the crankshaft through the overrunning clutch, and there is no damage problem of the rack and pinion, and the most important is that the crankshaft is The circular motion around the axis of the roller has a certain buffering protection for the joints such as the human leg, and the rotational inertia of the crank and the wheel can be well utilized in rapid motion.
2、现有各类装有传动结构的滚轮, 为了兼顾传动机构的行程要求, 同时又 要保证一定的重心高度, 只能减小滚轮的直径, 从而导致在路面通过能力的降 低。而本滚轮结构均为双轮式,可采用平行并列或前后直线排列两种基本结构, 曲柄在两个滚轮之间绕着两个滚轮的轴心转动, 并通过装在其中一个滚轮轴心 上的超越离合器与曲柄传动。 在此结构下使用者站在滚轮重心的高度不是取决 于滚轮的直径, 而是取决于曲柄的长度。 因而本滚轮结构在使用较大直径的滚 轮同时, 同样可以获得较低的站立重心。  2. There are various types of rollers equipped with transmission structure. In order to balance the stroke requirements of the transmission mechanism and ensure a certain height of the center of gravity, the diameter of the roller can only be reduced, resulting in a decrease in the ability to pass the road. The roller structure is a two-wheel type, and the two basic structures can be arranged in parallel or in a straight line, and the crank rotates around the axis of the two rollers between the two rollers, and is mounted on one of the roller shafts. Overrunning clutch with crank drive. The height at which the user stands at the center of gravity of the roller in this configuration does not depend on the diameter of the roller, but on the length of the crank. Therefore, the roller structure can also obtain a lower standing center of gravity while using a larger diameter roller.
以上介绍这两种可穿在脚上的脚踏驱动滚轮, 使用时, 把双脚分别固定在 滚轮的踏板上便可直接使用, 由于其轮径较大, 能将腿部对地面的水平推力和 垂直压力均能转化为滚轮的驱动力, 能获得较快滑行速度和具有较强的路面通 过能力。 The above describes the two kinds of pedal driving rollers that can be worn on the feet. When using, the feet can be directly used on the pedals of the roller, and the horizontal thrust of the legs can be grounded due to the large diameter of the wheel. And the vertical pressure can be converted into the driving force of the roller, which can achieve faster taxiing speed and strong road pass. Ability.
另一方面, 与所有各类需要穿在脚上的轮鞋、 旱冰鞋、 直列滚轮鞋一样, 这类滚轮在使用中都需要一定技巧, 但对于很多人来说, 由于在运动中无法保 持身体平衡而无法使它像自行车一样获得广泛应用。  On the other hand, like all kinds of wheel shoes, roller skates, and inline roller shoes that need to be worn on the feet, these rollers require some skill in use, but for many people, because they can't keep their body during exercise. Balance can't make it widely used like a bicycle.
为解决上述问题, 本发明提出的步行轮车制作与使用方法, 可以在完全保 留滚轮及传动结构, 以及双腿以摆动行走或跑步的驱动方式基础上, 将滚轮装 上不同结构的车架, 通过使用者手和脚同时对轮车的控制, 便能使滚轮与竖杆 摆动式车架或者平行四边形摆动式车架组合成为一类具有大众化的助行轮车兼 货运小车。  In order to solve the above problems, the method for manufacturing and using the walking wheel of the present invention can mount the roller on a frame of different structure on the basis of completely retaining the roller and the transmission structure, and driving the legs to swing or run. By simultaneously controlling the wheel and the vehicle by the user's hands and feet, the roller can be combined with the vertical swinging frame or the parallelogram swinging frame to become a popular wheeled and freight car.
步行轮车的制作与使用方法方面, 根据本发明的滚轮的不同排列结构, 可 加上竖杆摆动式车架、 或者是平行四边形摆动车架而组成的两种不同步行轮车 的基本结构。  In terms of the production and use of the walking wheel, the basic arrangement of two different walking wheels composed of a vertical swinging frame or a parallelogram swinging frame can be added to the different arrangement of the rollers of the present invention.
1、步行轮车由两组并列式滚轮或者是直列式滚轮再加上竖杆摆动式车架组 成。车架由两条竖杆和一条横杆组成,这两条竖杆可绕横杆的两端的轴线摆动。 两条竖杆的一端通过轴承装在两组并列式滚轮的转轴上, 或者是两组直列式滚 轮前轮的转轴上, 另一端可供使用者的双手握住控制身体的平衡。  1. The walking wheel consists of two sets of side-by-side rollers or in-line rollers plus a vertical swinging frame. The frame consists of two vertical bars and a cross bar that can swing about the axis of both ends of the crossbar. One end of the two vertical rods is mounted on the rotating shaft of the two sets of parallel rollers by bearings, or on the rotating shafts of the front wheels of the two sets of in-line rollers, and the other end can be used by the user's hands to control the balance of the body.
2、步行轮车由两组直列式滚轮再加上平行四边形摆动车架组成。车架由两 组两条竖杆和平杆组成的平行四边形侧架和一条横杆组成, 这两组平行四边形 的侧架可绕横杆两端的轴线做平行摆动。 两组平行四边形的侧架的下端通过轴 承装在两组直列式滚轮的转轴上, 上端的两条前竖杆较长, 可供使用者的双手 握住控制身体的平衡。  2. The pedestrian wheel consists of two sets of in-line rollers plus a parallelogram swing frame. The frame consists of two sets of two parallel bars and a parallel bar and a crossbar. The two sets of parallelogram side frames can swing parallel around the axis of the two ends of the crossbar. The lower ends of the two sets of parallelogram side frames are mounted on the rotating shafts of the two sets of in-line rollers by bearings, and the two front vertical bars at the upper end are longer, so that the user's hands can hold the balance of the control body.
使用时, 使用者两脚分别站在两边滚轮的踏板上, 两手分别握住两条竖杆 车架的顶端把手, 同时在相应的部位加上刹车装置。 在行走时, 同侧的手和脚 作相反摆动。 两腿摆动迈行走或跑步时, 其脚部的运动轨迹与通过脚踩踏板曲 柄驱动滚轮的正弦曲线基本相同, 驱动滚轮向前转动。 同时两手分别握住两条 竖杆车架控制身体的平衡。 转弯时通过对侧边滚轮刹车控制, 达到平稳安全运 行的目的。当拖行时,本轮车可不经过任何变动改装就成为一部手拉载物小车。 When in use, the user's feet stand on the pedals of the two sides of the roller, and the two hands hold the two vertical bars respectively. The top handle of the frame, and the brakes are added to the corresponding parts. While walking, the hands and feet on the same side swing in opposite directions. When the two legs swing and walk or run, the trajectory of the foot is basically the same as the sinusoid of the roller driven by the pedal pedal, and the driving roller rotates forward. At the same time, the two hands hold the two vertical frame to control the balance of the body. Through the brake control of the side rollers during cornering, the purpose of smooth and safe operation is achieved. When towing, the wheeler can be a hand-drawn trolley without any modification.
从使用效果来看, 本发明的步行轮车在结构方面与现有各类同类站立式轮 车比较, 具有以下较大的优越性和明显的有益效果。  In view of the use effect, the pedestrian wheel vehicle of the present invention has the following advantages and obvious beneficial effects in comparison with the existing similar standing wheel vehicles.
首先, 本轮车使用者的体重基本由踏板、 踏板轴、 曲柄和滚轮承担, 车架 基本不受力。 能大幅的降低车架在整车中的重量比例和体积比例。  First of all, the weight of the user of the wheeler is basically carried by the pedal, the pedal shaft, the crank and the roller, and the frame is basically unstressed. It can greatly reduce the weight ratio and volume ratio of the frame in the whole vehicle.
其次, 与结构最相近的 XICLET车相比, 本轮车的车架结构多了一条横杆, 使两条竖杆在隔开一定距离的情况下绕着这条横杆两端的轴线摆动, 在使用时 更加符合人体工程力学的生理运动结构。 在运行时保持身体平衡也更加方便。 而更重要的是滚轮有经过超越离合器的曲柄传动结构, 可以将使用者两腿摆动 迈行走或跑步时, 腿部无论是站在曲柄的最低点向后摆动, 或者脚抬起使曲柄 转到最高点后向下踩动时, 均能驱动轮车向前运动。 其运行速度可接近普通自 行车的运行速度。  Secondly, compared with the XICLET car with the closest structure, the frame structure of the wheeler has a crossbar, so that the two vertical bars swing around the axis of the two ends of the crossbar at a certain distance. When used, it is more in line with the physiological movement structure of ergonomics. It is also more convenient to maintain body balance while running. More importantly, the roller has a crank transmission structure that passes the overrunning clutch. When the user swings the legs and walks or runs, the leg swings backwards at the lowest point of the crank, or the foot lifts up to turn the crank. When the highest point is pressed down, it can drive the wheel car to move forward. Its running speed can be close to the running speed of ordinary bicycles.
第三, 与美国的 "SEGWAY" 电动滑板车相比, 由于不需要复杂的保持平衡 系统, 本轮车在结构、 重量、 造价等方面要优越得多, 并且同样可以在竖杆车 架装上机动驱动机构而成为机动滑板车。  Third, compared with the US "SEGWAY" electric scooter, because it does not require a complicated balance system, the wheel is much superior in terms of structure, weight, cost, etc., and can also be mounted on the vertical frame. The motorized drive mechanism becomes a motorized scooter.
附图说明 DRAWINGS
图 1为并列式滚轮的基本结构示意图。  Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the basic structure of a side-by-side roller.
图 2为直列式滚轮的基本结构示意图。 图 3为并列滚轮装上竖杆摆动式车架后步行轮车的基本结构示意图。 2 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of an in-line type roller. Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of a walking wheel after the vertical roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame.
图 4为直列滚轮装上竖杆摆动式车架后步行轮车的基本结构示意图。  Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of the walking wheel after the vertical roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame.
图 5为侧边单滚轮装上竖杆摆动式车架后步行轮车的基本结构示意图。 图 6为侧边直列滚轮装上平行四边形摆动式车架的步行轮车的基本结构示 意图  Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of the walking wheel after the single-roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame. Figure 6 is a schematic diagram showing the basic structure of a pedestrian wheeled vehicle with a parallelogram swinging frame mounted on the side inline roller.
图 7为直列滚轮装上平行四边形摆动式车架并带座椅的步行轮车的基本结 构示意图  Figure 7 is a schematic diagram showing the basic structure of a walking wheel car with a parallelogram swinging frame and a seat with an inline roller.
图 8为另一种直列滚轮装上平行四边形摆动式车架并带座椅的步行轮车的 基本结构示意图  Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing the basic structure of another walking wheel vehicle with a parallelogram swinging frame and a seat with an inline roller.
图 9为以侧边滚轮竖杆摆动式车架的步行式轮车为基础, 在竖杆车架装上 动力装置, 使之成为机动或混合动力步行车的基本结构示意图。  Figure 9 is a schematic diagram of the basic structure of a motorized or hybrid pedestrian vehicle based on a walking wheeled vehicle with a side roller vertical swinging frame and a power unit mounted on the vertical frame.
图 10为使用者在使用侧边滚轮或并列滚轮步行车的示意图。  Figure 10 is a schematic view of the user using a side roller or a side-by-side roller.
图 11 为使用者在使用侧边滚轮或并列滚轮步行车运载小型货物时的示意 图。  Figure 11 is a schematic illustration of the user carrying small cargo when using a side roller or a side-by-side roller.
实施例 Example
以下参考图 1至图 11,对本发明涉及的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作和使用 方法多种具体实施实例, 进行如下描述。  Hereinafter, various specific embodiments of a method for manufacturing and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel vehicle according to the present invention will be described below with reference to FIGS. 1 through 11.
在图 1中,并列式滚轮的两边滚轮为对称结构,整个滚轮系统有左右两个同 直径的滚轮 1和 8, 装在轮 1内的超越离合器 2, 将两轮联接在一起的车架 3, 两边对称的曲柄 4, 装在曲柄外端的踏板轴 5, 踏板 6的轴承座套在踏板轴 5 上, 踏板 6上合适地方有脚绑带 7。  In Fig. 1, the rollers on both sides of the side-by-side roller are symmetrical. The whole roller system has two left and right rollers 1 and 8 of the same diameter, an overrunning clutch 2 installed in the wheel 1, and a frame 3 for coupling the two wheels together. The two-sided symmetrical crank 4 is mounted on the pedal shaft 5 at the outer end of the crank, the bearing seat of the pedal 6 is sleeved on the pedal shaft 5, and the foot strap 7 is provided at a suitable place on the pedal 6.
使用时, 使用者的一只脚踩在踏板 6上并用绑带 7固定, 当脚踩下使曲柄 转到下止点后, 脚开始向上抬起同时拖动整个滚轮组向前滑动, 当脚抬到曲 柄 4的上止点后, 再向下踩动踏板 6, 通过曲柄 4经超越离合器 2驱动滚轮 1 向前转, 直到曲柄 4重新转回到下止点, 而滚轮 8总是处于自由旋转状态。 When in use, the user's one foot is stepped on the pedal 6 and fixed with the strap 7, when the foot is depressed to make the crank After going to the bottom dead center, the foot starts to lift upwards while dragging the entire roller group to slide forward. When the foot is lifted to the top dead center of the crank 4, the pedal 6 is pushed down, and the crank 4 is driven by the overrunning clutch 2. The roller 1 is rotated forward until the crank 4 is turned back to the bottom dead center, and the roller 8 is always in a freely rotating state.
在图 2中, 直列式滚轮的前滚轮 9和后滚轮 19直径相同, 曲柄 12和曲柄 21的尺寸相同,前滚轮 9中间装有超越离合器 13,轮轴 14装有车架 15将前后 两轮联接,在曲柄 12和曲柄 21外端装有踏板轴 10和 20与有摆杆 11联结,摆 杆 11的合适地方固定有踏板 16,踏板 16的上面有脚绑带 17,可将使用者脚部 18固定在其上。  In Fig. 2, the front roller 9 and the rear roller 19 of the in-line roller have the same diameter, the crank 12 and the crank 21 have the same size, the front roller 9 is provided with an overrunning clutch 13, and the axle 14 is equipped with a frame 15 to connect the front and rear wheels. At the outer ends of the crank 12 and the crank 21, the pedal shafts 10 and 20 are coupled with the swinging rod 11, and the pedal 16 is fixed at a suitable place of the swinging rod 11. The pedal 16 is provided with a foot strap 17 on the upper side of the pedal 16 for the user's foot 18 is fixed on it.
使用'时,使用者的一只脚 18踩在踏板 16并用绑带 17固定,当脚踩的踏板 带动曲柄 12和 21转到下止点后,脚 18开始向上抬起同时拖动整个滚轮组向前 滑动, 当脚抬到曲柄 12和 21的上止点后, 向下踩动踏板 16, 通过曲柄 12经 超越离合器 13驱动滚轮 9向前转,直到曲柄 12和 21重新转回到下止点,而滚 轮 19总是处于自由旋转状态。  When ' is used, one of the user's feet 18 is stepped on the pedal 16 and fixed with the strap 17. When the pedal of the foot drives the cranks 12 and 21 to the bottom dead center, the foot 18 starts to lift upwards while dragging the entire roller set. Slide forward, when the foot is raised to the top dead center of the cranks 12 and 21, the pedal 16 is depressed downward, and the roller 9 is driven forward by the crank 12 via the overrunning clutch 13 until the cranks 12 and 21 are turned back to the lower end. Point, while the roller 19 is always in a freely rotating state.
在图 3中,是并列滚轮装上竖杆摆动式车架后步行轮车的基本结构原理图。 在整车结构中, 有两组并列镜像对称的滚轮系。其中的一组轮系有左右滚轮 22 和 29, 轮轴 23, 将滚轮 22和滚轮 29的连接车架 24, 两轮之间有曲柄 27, 踏 板 25,踏板 25上的绑带 26, 曲柄 27通过超越离合器 28与滚轮 29传动,两组 轮系都有竖杆车架 30和 38,其中车架 30的合适部位有转轴座 32,在竖杆车架 38上固定有一条 U型横梁车架 36, 在车架 36的一端有转轴座 34, 转轴 35穿 过轴承座 34和轴承座 32, 用螺母 31联接, 两边车架可绕轴 35摆动, 在车架 30和车架 38的顶端分别装有刹车装置 31和 37,可分别对两组轮系的外侧滚轮 刹车。 使用时,使用者的左右两脚分别踩在两组滚轮车的踏板上,并用绑带绑住, 两手抓住两侧竖杆车架的把手上, 可正常迈步行走。 例如, 当左腿向前迈出, 车架 30和车架 38绕轴 35摆动, 左脚抬起直至将曲柄 27转到上止点后, 向下 踩下踏板 26, 经曲柄 27通过超越离合器 28驱动滚轮 29向前滚动, 直至曲柄 27转到下止点,此时右脚开始同样过程,两脚如同行路一样交替摆动踩下抬起, 由于两侧滚轮组中均有一个滚轮装有超越离合器,这个滚轮在滚动时不能倒转, 此时无论两脚是摆动或踩下踏板,均能推动步行轮车的向前滑动。需要转弯时, 可用两边手抓紧需要转弯方向边的刹车装置 33或 37, 便能使轮车转弯, 两边 同时抓紧刹车装置 33和 37能使整车停住。 In Fig. 3, the basic structural schematic diagram of the walking wheel after the vertical roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame. In the vehicle structure, there are two sets of mirror-symmetrical roller systems. One of the trains has left and right rollers 22 and 29, an axle 23, a connecting frame 24 of the roller 22 and the roller 29, a crank 27 between the two wheels, a pedal 25, a strap 26 on the pedal 25, and a crank 27 passing through The overrunning clutch 28 and the roller 29 are driven, and the two sets of wheels have vertical frame 30 and 38. The appropriate part of the frame 30 has a rotating shaft seat 32, and a U-shaped cross frame 36 is fixed on the vertical frame 38. At one end of the frame 36, there is a rotating shaft seat 34. The rotating shaft 35 passes through the bearing housing 34 and the bearing housing 32, and is coupled by a nut 31. The two side frames can swing around the shaft 35, and are respectively mounted on the top of the frame 30 and the frame 38. There are brake devices 31 and 37 for braking the outer rollers of the two sets of trains, respectively. When in use, the user's left and right feet are respectively stepped on the pedals of the two sets of roller cars, and tied with straps, and the two hands grasp the handles of the frame of the two vertical bars, and can walk normally. For example, when the left leg is taken forward, the frame 30 and the frame 38 are swung around the shaft 35, and the left foot is raised until the crank 27 is turned to the top dead center, the pedal 26 is depressed downward, and the crank 27 is passed through the overrunning clutch. 28 drive roller 29 rolls forward until the crank 27 turns to the bottom dead center. At this time, the right foot starts the same process, and the two legs alternately swing and lift up like a road, because one of the rollers on both sides is equipped with a roller. Clutch, this roller can't be reversed when rolling. At this time, whether the two feet are swinging or stepping on the pedal, it can push the forward sliding of the walking wheel. When it is necessary to turn, the brake device 33 or 37 which needs the turning direction can be grasped by both sides, and the wheeled vehicle can be turned, and the brake devices 33 and 37 can be grasped on both sides to stop the vehicle.
在图 4中,是直列滚轮装上竖杆摆动式车架后步行轮车的基本结构原理图。 在整车结构中, 由两组直列滚轮结构镜像对称的轮系和竖杆车架组成, 其中的 一组有前后滚轮 48和 53, 滚轮 48和滚轮 53的连接车架 51, 两轮分别有曲柄 44和 54, 两曲柄之间有摆杆 45, 摆杆.45上的合适的地方有踏板 52, 踏板 52 上的绑带 50, 两个竖杆车架都是通过轴承联接在前轮转轴处, 竖车杆 46的合 适地方转轴座 41, 车架把手处有刹车装置 39, 两组滚轮的竖杆车架通过圆筒 40间隔一定距离, 可绕转轴 42摆动。 .  In Fig. 4, the basic structural schematic diagram of the walking wheel after the vertical roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame. In the whole vehicle structure, the two sets of in-line roller structures are mirror-symmetrical wheel trains and vertical rod frames, one of which has front and rear rollers 48 and 53, and the roller 48 and the roller 53 are connected to the frame 51, respectively. Cranks 44 and 54, with a swing lever 45 between the two cranks, a suitable place on the swing lever .45 has a pedal 52, a strap 50 on the pedal 52, and the two vertical frame are coupled to the front axle by bearings Whereas, the vertical shaft 41 of the vertical rod 46 is provided with a brake device 39 at the handle of the frame, and the vertical frame of the two sets of rollers is spaced apart by the cylinder 40 to be swung around the rotating shaft 42. .
使用时, 使用者左右两脚踩在两组滚轮车的踏板上并用绑带绑住, 两手抓 住两侧竖杆车架的把手上, 可正常迈步行走。 例如, 当右腿向前迈出, 右脚抬 起直至将前后轮的曲柄 44和 54转到上止点后, 向下踩下踏板 52, 经曲柄 44 通过超越离合器 43驱动滚轮 48向前滚动, 直至曲柄 44和 54都转到下止点, 此时左脚开始同样过程, 两脚如同行路一样交替摆动踩下抬起, 由于两组滚轮 中均有一个滚轮装有超越离合器, 这个滚轮在滚动时不能倒转, 此时无论两脚 是摆动或踩下踏板, 均能推动步行式轮车的向前滑动。 需要转弯时, 可用两边 手抓紧需要转弯边的刹车装置,便能使轮车转弯,两边同时抓紧能使整车停住。 When in use, the user's left and right feet are stepped on the pedals of the two sets of roller cars and tied with straps. Both hands grasp the handles of the two vertical bar frames, and can walk normally. For example, when the right leg is taken forward, the right foot is raised until the cranks 44 and 54 of the front and rear wheels are turned to the top dead center, the pedal 52 is depressed downward, and the crank 44 is driven forward by the crank 44 through the overrunning clutch 43. Until the cranks 44 and 54 are turned to the bottom dead center, the left foot starts the same process, and the two legs alternately swing and lift as if they are in the same way. Since one of the two sets of rollers is equipped with an overrunning clutch, the roller is Can't reverse when scrolling, no matter what two feet It is the swinging or stepping on the pedal, which can push the forward wheel of the walking wheel. When you need to turn, you can use two sides to grasp the brakes that need to turn the corners, you can make the wheel turn, and both sides can hold the vehicle at the same time.
以上介绍的两种步行轮车, 都是直接将可单独使用的滚轮加上竖杆摆动式 车架组合而成。 在实际使用中, 为了简化结构和降低装置重量, 再加上竖杆摆 动式车架可以承受部分滚轮的侧向力,本发明提出如下双轮步行车的基本设计。  The two types of walking wheels described above are all made up of a combination of a separately usable roller and a vertical swinging frame. In actual use, in order to simplify the structure and reduce the weight of the device, and the vertical swing frame can withstand the lateral force of a part of the roller, the present invention proposes the basic design of the following two-wheeled pedestrian vehicle.
在图 5中, 是侧边单滚轮装上竖杆摆动式车架后步行轮车的基本结构示意 图。 在整车结构中, 有两套镜像对称的滚轮及传动装置, 其中一套由滚轮 60, 超越离合器 61, 曲柄 62, 踏板 63等部件组成, 右边滚轮装在车架 59上, 左边 滚轮装在车架 56上, 车架 59的 ϋ型横梁处一端有转轴座 57, 车架 56的合适 地方有转轴座 55, 这两个转轴座可绕转轴 58摆动。  In Fig. 5, it is a schematic diagram of the basic structure of the pedestrian wheel after the vertical single-roller is mounted on the vertical swinging frame. In the whole vehicle structure, there are two sets of mirror-symmetrical rollers and transmissions, one of which consists of a roller 60, an overrunning clutch 61, a crank 62, a pedal 63 and the like. The right roller is mounted on the frame 59, and the left roller is mounted on the frame. On the frame 56, the frame 59 of the frame 59 has a shaft seat 57 at one end, and a suitable position of the frame 56 has a shaft seat 55, which can swing about the rotating shaft 58.
这种轮车的使用的状况, 与图 3介绍的并列滚轮装上竖杆摆动式车架后步 行轮车的使用方式完全相同。  The use of this type of wheeled vehicle is exactly the same as that of the parallel wheel mounted on the vertical swinging frame after the vertical roller shown in Fig. 3.
在图 6中, 是侧边直列滚轮装上平行四边形摆动式车架的步行轮车的基本 结构示意图。 整车由两套镜像对称的滚轮和传动装置, 以及平行四边形的车架 组成, 其中一套滚轮车架装置由后滚轮 64, 滚轮联接底车架 65, 前滚轮 66, 后轮竖杆车架 68, 前轮竖杆车架 69, 转轴 70, 后车架转轴座 71, U型车架上 的转轴座 72, 转轴 73, 前车架上的转轴座 74, U型车架上的转轴座 75, 前车 架上的刹车装置 76, U型车架 77, 前滚轮的曲柄 67, 后滚轮的曲柄 79, 连接 两个曲柄外端转轴的踏板 78等组成。 由底车架 65, 前车架 69, 后车架 68, U 型车架转轴座 72和转轴座 75之间的长度,正好构成可摆动的平行四边形车架。  In Fig. 6, a basic structural diagram of a pedestrian wheeled vehicle in which a side-by-side inline roller is mounted with a parallelogram swinging frame is shown. The whole vehicle consists of two sets of mirror-symmetrical rollers and transmissions, and a parallelogram frame. One set of roller frame devices consists of a rear roller 64, a roller coupled to the bottom frame 65, a front roller 66, and a rear wheel vertical frame. 68, front wheel vertical frame 69, rotating shaft 70, rear frame rotating shaft 71, rotating shaft seat 72 on U-shaped frame, rotating shaft 73, rotating shaft seat 74 on front frame, rotating shaft seat on U-shaped frame 75, the brake device 76 on the front frame, the U-shaped frame 77, the crank 67 of the front roller, the crank 79 of the rear roller, and the pedal 78 connecting the outer crank shafts of the two cranks. The length between the bottom frame 65, the front frame 69, the rear frame 68, the U-frame hinge seat 72 and the shaft seat 75 constitutes a swingable parallelogram frame.
使用时, 使用者左右两脚踩在两侧踏板上并用绑带绑住, 两手抓住两侧竖 车架的把手上, 可正常迈步行走。 对步行轮车的使用方式与图 3介绍的完全相 同。 与图 5介绍的步行轮车的区别在于, 这种车采用了平行摆动车架, 使用时 可更平稳安全, 特别适合老人和儿童使用。 When in use, the user's left and right feet are stepped on the pedals on both sides and tied with straps. Both hands grasp the handles of the vertical frame on both sides, and can walk normally. The use of the walking wheel is the same as that shown in Figure 3. Same. The difference with the pedestrian wheel shown in Figure 5 is that the car uses a parallel swing frame, which is more stable and safe to use, and is especially suitable for the elderly and children.
在图 7中, 是以图 2介绍的直列式滚轮为基础, 再加上配有座椅的平行四 边形摆动式车架组成的步行式轮车的基本结构示意图。 整车结构由两套镜像对 称的滚轮和传动装置, 以及平行四边形的车架组成。 其中一套滚轮车架装置由 后滚轮 80,底车架 81,前后滚轮的曲柄连接杆 82,前轮 84。后轮竖杆车架 83, 转轴座 85, U型车架 87及两端的间隔套筒 86和 90,前轮竖杆车架 88, 车架转 轴座 89, 刹车装置 91, 固定在 U型车架上的座椅 95, 转轴 92和 93等组成。 其中由底车架 81, 前车架 88, 后车架 83, U型车架 87的转轴座 90和转轴座 86之间的长度, 正好构成可摆动的平行四边形车架。  In Fig. 7, the basic structure of the walker wheel consisting of the inline roller shown in Fig. 2 and the parallelogram swinging frame equipped with the seat is shown. The vehicle structure consists of two sets of mirror-symmetrical rollers and transmissions, as well as a parallelogram frame. One set of roller frame device consists of a rear roller 80, a bottom frame 81, a crank connecting rod 82 of the front and rear rollers, and a front wheel 84. Rear wheel vertical frame 83, rotating shaft seat 85, U-shaped frame 87 and spacer sleeves 86 and 90 at both ends, front wheel vertical frame 88, frame hinge seat 89, brake device 91, fixed in U-shaped vehicle The seat 95 on the frame, the shafts 92 and 93, and the like. The length between the bottom frame 81, the front frame 88, the rear frame 83, the U-shaped frame 87 of the U-shaped frame 87 and the rotating shaft seat 86 constitutes a swingable parallelogram frame.
使用时, 使用者左右两脚踩在两侧踏板上并用绑带绑住, 两手抓住两侧竖 杆车架的把手上, 可正常迈步行走, 也采用坐姿踩踏, 对步行轮车的使用方式 与图 3介绍的完全相同。  When in use, the user's left and right feet are stepped on the pedals on both sides and tied with straps. Both hands grasp the handles of the two vertical rod frames, and can walk normally, and also use the sitting posture to step on the way of using the walking wheel. It is exactly the same as that described in Figure 3.
在图 8中, 是一种以图 7介绍的配有座椅的平行四边形摆动式车架组成的 步行式轮车的另一种结构示意图。整车结构由两套镜像对称的滚轮和传动装置, 以及平行四边形的车架组成, 其中一套滚轮车架装置由后滚轮 96, 滚轮联接底 车架 97, 前后滚轮的底车架 97, 前轮 98。 后轮竖杆车架 99, 转轴座 101, 水 平车架 103及两端的间隔套筒 102和 105, 前轮竖杆车架 100, 转轴座 104, 固 定在水平车架上的座椅 108, 转轴 106和 107等组成。 其中由底车架 07, 前车 架 100, 后车架 99, 水平车架 103的转轴座 102和转轴座 105之间的长度, 正 好构成可摆动的平行四边形车架。  In Fig. 8, there is shown another structural schematic diagram of a walker wheel consisting of a parallelogram swinging frame equipped with a seat as shown in Fig. 7. The whole vehicle structure consists of two mirror-symmetrical symmetrical rollers and transmissions, and a parallelogram frame. One set of roller frame devices consists of a rear roller 96, a roller coupled to the bottom frame 97, and a front frame of the front and rear rollers 97. Round 98. Rear wheel vertical frame 99, hinge base 101, horizontal frame 103 and spacer sleeves 102 and 105 at both ends, front wheel vertical frame 100, hinge seat 104, seat 108 fixed to the horizontal frame, shaft Composition of 106 and 107. The length between the bottom frame 07, the front frame 100, the rear frame 99, the rotating shaft base 102 of the horizontal frame 103 and the rotating shaft seat 105 constitutes a swingable parallelogram frame.
使用时, 使用者左右两脚踩在两侧踏板上并用绑带绑住, 两手抓住两侧竖 车架的把手上, 可正常迈步行走, 也采用坐姿踩踏, 对步行轮车的使用方式与 图 3介绍的完全相同。 When in use, the user puts the left and right feet on the pedals on both sides and binds them with straps. On the handle of the frame, you can walk normally, and also step on the seat. The use of the walker is exactly the same as that shown in Figure 3.
对于以上介绍的用曲柄通过超越离合器直接驱动滚轮的传动方式, 由于滚 轮直径不可能太大, 对于要求这类步行轮车要达到较高的速度有一定的困难, 为解决这一问题, 建议可以使用带增速的超越离合器。  For the above-mentioned transmission method in which the crank directly drives the roller through the overrunning clutch, since the diameter of the roller is unlikely to be too large, it is difficult to require such a pedestrian wheel to reach a higher speed. To solve this problem, it is recommended to Use an overrunning clutch with a speed increase.
在图 9中, 是一只种以图 5介绍的侧边滚轮竖杆车架的步行轮车的基本结 构为基础, 在竖杆摆动式车架装上动力装置, 使之成为机动或混合动力步行车 的基本结构示意图。 整车由车架和左右对称的两套滚轮及传动机构等组成, 其 中一侧有滚轮 109, 超越离合器 109, 传动链条 110, 固定在竖车杆 112上的机 动装置 111,竖杆车架上的转轴座 113, U型横梁 115上的转轴座 114,转轴 117, 曲柄 118和踏板 119等部件组成。 · 机动装置可以使有各种内燃机, 或者是电池与电动机, 也可以将电动机装 在滚轮 109的轮轴中, 111为外挂电池组。  In Fig. 9, based on the basic structure of the pedestrian wheeled vehicle with the side roller vertical frame shown in Fig. 5, the vertical swinging frame is equipped with a power unit to make it a mobile or hybrid power. The basic structure of the pedestrian car. The whole vehicle is composed of a frame and two sets of left and right symmetrical rollers and transmission mechanisms, one of which has a roller 109, an overrunning clutch 109, a transmission chain 110, a motorized device 111 fixed on the vertical pole 112, and a vertical frame. The rotating shaft seat 113, the rotating shaft seat 114 on the U-shaped beam 115, the rotating shaft 117, the crank 118 and the pedal 119 are composed of components. • The motorized unit can be equipped with various internal combustion engines, either batteries and electric motors, or the motor can be mounted in the axle of the wheel 109, and 111 is an external battery pack.
在采用以平行四边形摆动式车架的步行轮车的结构中, 加挂机动装置 会更平稳和方便。  In the structure of a pedestrian wheeled vehicle with a parallelogram oscillating frame, the attachment of the mobile device is smoother and more convenient.
在具体使用中,如果将车辆定型为混合动力,即可以用双脚摆动踩踏驱动,. 同时又可以开动机动装置驱动助力。 如果将车辆定型为机动车, 则可取消两侧 滚轮上的曲柄和踏板,在两边竖杆摆动式车架的延长处装上两块固定踏板即可。 使用时使用者站在踏板上, 可根据路面情况双脚并拢或前后叉幵, 以保证行驶 时的平稳性。  In the specific use, if the vehicle is shaped into a hybrid, it is possible to swing the pedal with the foot, and at the same time, the driving device can be driven to drive. If the vehicle is shaped as a motor vehicle, the cranks and pedals on the two side rollers can be removed, and two fixed pedals can be placed on the extension of the two-sided vertical swing frame. When the user is standing on the pedal, the feet can be close together or the front and rear forks according to the road condition to ensure the smoothness during driving.
在图 10中, 是 ί吏用者在使用侧边滚轮或并列滚轮步行车的示意图。 在图中 有一边的滚轮 120,摆动车架 121, U型横梁车架 122,两侧车架的摆动轴心 123, 车架一侧的把手 124, 使用者 125。 In Fig. 10, it is a schematic diagram of a user using a side roller or a side-by-side roller. In the figure, there is a roller 120 on one side, a swing frame 121, a U-beam frame 122, and a swing axis 123 of the frame on both sides. Handle 124 on the side of the frame, user 125.
在使用时, 使用者人体的大腿与盆骨的转动轴芯与车架的摆动轴芯基本重 合, 同时竖杆车架围绕轴芯摆动的把手与人手在行走时的摆动方向相同,实现了 使用这类步行轮车与人类的生理结构和运动特征可达到和谐的统一。  In use, the rotating shaft core of the thigh and the pelvis of the user's human body substantially coincides with the swinging shaft core of the frame, and the handle of the vertical rod frame swinging around the shaft core is the same as the swinging direction of the human hand while walking, thereby realizing the use. Such a walker and the human physiological structure and movement characteristics can achieve a harmonious unity.
在图 11中, 为使用者在使用侧边滚轮或并列滚轮步行车运载小型货物时的 示意图。 126为装在步行车的小型货物。  In Fig. 11, a schematic view of the user when carrying a small cargo by using a side roller or a side roller. 126 is a small cargo loaded on a pedestrian car.

Claims

权 利 要 求 Rights request
1、 一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及使用方法, 其滚轮系统由滚轮, 曲柄, 踏板, 将滚轮联接的车架等部件组成, 其特征在于: 滚轮(1 )和(8), 装在轮 1内的 超越离合器(2), 两边对称的曲柄(4), 装在曲柄外端的踏板轴(5), 踏板(6) 的轴承座套在踏板轴 (5)上, 踏板 (6)上合适地方有脚绑带(7)。  1. The production and use of a type of roller and a walking wheel. The roller system consists of a roller, a crank, a pedal, a frame to which the roller is coupled, and the like: the rollers (1) and (8) are mounted on Overrunning clutch (2) in wheel 1, symmetrical crank (4) on both sides, pedal shaft (5) mounted on the outer end of crank, bearing housing of pedal (6) on pedal shaft (5), pedal (6) A suitable place has a foot strap (7).
2、 如权利要求 1所述的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及使用方法, 其特征在于: 两个滚轮采用并列方式排列。  2. A method of making and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two rollers are arranged in a side by side manner.
3、 如权利要求 1所述的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及使用方法, 其特征在于: 两个滚轮釆用直列方式排列。  3. A method of making and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two roller rollers are arranged in an in-line manner.
4、一类滚轮及歩行轮车的制作及使用方法, 由滚轮, 曲柄, 踏板, 将滚轮联接 的车架, 刹车系统等部件组成, 其特征在于: 两组轮系都有竖杆车架(30)和 4. The production and use of a type of roller and a roller coaster consists of a roller, a crank, a pedal, a frame to which the roller is coupled, a brake system, etc., characterized in that: the two sets of wheels have a vertical frame ( 30) and
(38), 两个竖杆车架都是通过轴承联接在两组滚轮的转轴处, 其中车架(30) 的合适部位有转轴座(32),在竖杆车架(38)上固定有一条 U型横梁车架(36), 在车架 (36) 的一端有转轴座 (34), (34)与 (32) 可绕轴 (35)转动。 (38), the two vertical frame are connected to the rotating shaft of the two sets of rollers through bearings, wherein the suitable part of the frame (30) has a rotating shaft seat (32), and the vertical frame (38) is fixed A U-beam frame (36) has a shaft seat (34) at one end of the frame (36), and (34) and (32) are rotatable about the shaft (35).
5、 如权利要求 4所述的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及使用方法, 其特征在于: 有两组滚轮结构相同的轮系, 两个竖杆车架都是通过轴承联接在两组前滚轮的 转轴处, 竖车杆(46)的合适地方转轴座(41 ), 两组滚轮的竖杆车架通过圆筒 5. The method of manufacturing and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel vehicle according to claim 4, wherein: the two sets of wheel trains having the same structure, the two vertical rod frames are coupled to each other through bearings. The shaft of the front roller, the appropriate position of the vertical rod (46), the shaft seat (41), the vertical frame of the two sets of rollers through the cylinder
(40) 间隔一定距离, 可绕转轴 (42)摆动。 (40) It can be swung around the axis (42) at a certain distance.
6、 如权利要求 4所述的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及使用方法, 其特征在于: 有两套相同的滚轮及传动装置, 其中一套由滚轮(60), 超越离合器 (61 ), 曲 柄(62), 踏板(63 )等部件组成, 右边滚轮装在车架(59)上, 左边滚轮装在 车架(56)上, 车架 (59) 的 U型横梁处一端有转轴座(57), 车架(56) 的 合适地方有转轴座 (55), 这两个转轴座可绕转轴 (58)摆动。 6. A method of making and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel as claimed in claim 4, wherein: there are two sets of identical rollers and transmissions, one of which consists of a roller (60) and an overrunning clutch (61). , crank (62), pedal (63) and other components, the right roller is mounted on the frame (59), the left roller is mounted on the frame (56), and the U-shaped beam at the frame (59) has a hinge seat at one end. (57), frame (56) A suitable place is a pivot seat (55) which is pivotable about the axis of rotation (58).
7、 如权利要求 4所述的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及使用方法, 其特征在于: 底车架(65),前车架 (69),后车架(68), U型车架转轴座 (72)和转轴座 (75) 之间的长度, 正好构成可摆动的平行四边形车架。  7. A method of making and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the bottom frame (65), the front frame (69), the rear frame (68), the U-shaped vehicle The length between the rotating shaft seat (72) and the rotating shaft seat (75) constitutes a swingable parallelogram frame.
8、 如权利要求 4所述的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及使用方法, 其特征在于: 由底车架(81 ), 前车架 (88), 后车架(83), U型车架 (87) 的转轴座(90) 和转轴座(86)之间的长度, 正好构成可摆动的平行四边形车架。  8. A method of making and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the bottom frame (81), the front frame (88), the rear frame (83), U-shaped The length between the hinge seat (90) of the frame (87) and the shaft seat (86) forms a swingable parallelogram frame.
9、 如权利要求 4所述的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及使用方法, 其特征在于- 由底车架(97),前车架 ( 100),后车架 (99),水平车架 ( 103 )的转轴座 ( 102) 和转轴座(105)之间的长度, 正好构成可摆动的平行四边形车架。  9. A method of making and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel as claimed in claim 4, characterized by - a bottom frame (97), a front frame (100), a rear frame (99), a horizontal car The length between the shaft seat (102) of the frame (103) and the shaft seat (105) constitutes a swingable parallelogram frame.
10、如权利要求 4、或 5或 6或 7或 8或 9所述的一类滚轮及步行轮车的制作及 使用方法, 其特征在于: 可将机动装置挂在竖杆车架上, 机动装置可以是各种  10. A method of making and using a type of roller and a pedestrian wheel as claimed in claim 4, 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 wherein: the motorized device can be hung on a vertical frame and maneuvered The device can be various
PCT/CN2007/001412 2006-05-15 2007-04-27 Manufacturing and using methods of a roller device and a walking wheeled vehicle WO2007131427A1 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

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CN200610079790.2 2006-05-15
CNA2006100797902A CN101073705A (en) 2006-05-15 2006-05-15 Method for producing and utilizing roller and walking wheel vehicle

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WO2009095631A1 (en) * 2008-01-29 2009-08-06 H Grossman Limited Improved scooter
CN102001402A (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-04-06 张璐 Double-pedal dynamic balance vehicle
FR2991282A1 (en) * 2012-06-04 2013-12-06 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Inclinable tricycle for e.g. urban mobility individual, has central and side structures inclined laterally to cause turn of tricycle at inclined side and front-back shift of rear wheel, where rear wheel is located outside turn

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CN102152838B (en) * 2011-03-17 2015-04-22 郑爱军 Dual-wheel crankshaft parallel swing bicycle
CN105059464A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-18 李永志 Electric fast walker
CN110965751A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-04-07 国网山东省电力公司日照供电公司 Walking type electric power detection ladder

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CN2721512Y (en) * 2004-09-17 2005-08-31 马笑根 Direct pedal bicycle

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US4973071A (en) * 1984-06-19 1990-11-27 Masao Ishizaki Dicycle
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CN2721512Y (en) * 2004-09-17 2005-08-31 马笑根 Direct pedal bicycle

Cited By (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009095631A1 (en) * 2008-01-29 2009-08-06 H Grossman Limited Improved scooter
US8801006B2 (en) 2008-01-29 2014-08-12 H Grossman Ltd. Scooter
CN102001402A (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-04-06 张璐 Double-pedal dynamic balance vehicle
FR2991282A1 (en) * 2012-06-04 2013-12-06 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Inclinable tricycle for e.g. urban mobility individual, has central and side structures inclined laterally to cause turn of tricycle at inclined side and front-back shift of rear wheel, where rear wheel is located outside turn

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