WO2005002797A1 - Gripping device with flexible elements - Google Patents

Gripping device with flexible elements Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2005002797A1
WO2005002797A1 PCT/EP2003/051098 EP0351098W WO2005002797A1 WO 2005002797 A1 WO2005002797 A1 WO 2005002797A1 EP 0351098 W EP0351098 W EP 0351098W WO 2005002797 A1 WO2005002797 A1 WO 2005002797A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
flexible
clamp
clamping tool
cradle
tensioning
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2003/051098
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Francesco Cepolina
Original Assignee
Matteucci, Francesco
Molfino, Rezia
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITGE2003A000042 priority Critical
Priority to ITGE20030042 priority patent/ITGE20030042A1/en
Application filed by Matteucci, Francesco, Molfino, Rezia filed Critical Matteucci, Francesco
Publication of WO2005002797A1 publication Critical patent/WO2005002797A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B1/00Vices
    • B25B1/20Vices for clamping work of special profile, e.g. pipes
    • B25B1/205Vices of the chain or strip type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B5/00Clamps
    • B25B5/04Clamps with pivoted jaws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B5/00Clamps
    • B25B5/14Clamps for work of special profile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B5/00Clamps
    • B25B5/14Clamps for work of special profile
    • B25B5/147Clamps for work of special profile for pipes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J15/00Gripping heads and other end effectors
    • B25J15/08Gripping heads and other end effectors having finger members
    • B25J15/12Gripping heads and other end effectors having finger members with flexible finger members

Abstract

The present invention depicts a clamping tool with flexible elements (210, 211). The tool can clamp, using one or more flexible elements, rigid or deformable objects (201) of different shape and dimension. The flexible elements grasp the profile of the object, ensuring the object against the cradle (203). The grasp results firm and precise. The clamping tool finds applications in the building industry, in the manufacturing industry, in the robotics in general and specially in the underwater robotics.

Description

GRIPPING DEVICE WITH FLEXIBLE ELEMENTS
DESCRIPTION
In the mechanics in general, it is often necessary to grasp firmly, with the same clamping tool, objects having different shape and dimension. The clamping tool with flexible elements, described in this patent, satisfies this need. This kind of tool can be used when it is needed to clamp a rigid or a deformable object. The pressure exerted by the clamping tool on the object can be easily changed, making the clamp suitable even for the manipulation of soft or delicate objects. The grip can be necessary to secure the object to the clamp or the clamp to the object. It will be described now the clamping tool referring specifically to the submarine robotics. It is needed to secure the clamping tool of the underwater rover to the structure on which operate (for example a pipeline). Usually, to obtain a firm grasp, it is used a clamping tool powered by hydraulic pistons as shown in figure 1. The frame 102 of the rover clamping tool in figure 1, is anchored to the structure 101, using two clamps , figure 1, part 104 and 105. Each clamp can rotate around a pin 106 and 107 and is powered by a hydraulic piston 108 and 109. The cradle 103 of the rover is in contact with the underwater structure. Each clamp exerts a local force against the external surface of the structure. This solution presents the advantage to be easy and robust, but has the disadvantage to be not general. Each time it is needed to clamp a structure having a different diameter, the geometry of the clamps has to be reconfigured; this set-up is necessary because each piston, while the clamping tool is closed, must form 90 degrees with its clamp to transmit the overall hydraulic torque around the pin. The clamps have to satisfy the following constraints; they don't have to touch each over (they are complanate), they must touch the object in suitable points to guarantee a good grasp. The same clamping tool with clamps can clamp only a limited range of different sizes. For example, to secure a rover on structures having a diameter from 8 to 36 inches, it is necessary to own a set of at least 5 or 6 different clamping tools. Before of the diving, known "a priori" the diameter of the structure to clamp, it is necessary to equip the rover with the relative clamping tool. The clamping tool with flexible elements described in this patent, is able to replace the whole clamping set of clamping tools with traditional clamps; the same clamping tool with flexible elements can grasp for example, structures from 0 inches to 36 inches. Using a classic clamping tool, it is necessary to know the shape and the dimension of the object to grasp; for example, the two arms of the nutcracker are shaped to host the nut (and cannot grasp an hazel-nut). During the grasping there is a sort of recognition shape object to grasp/shape of the clamp. The lasso works using a different principle. Once the lasso is positioned around the object to clamp, the lasso rope is taut. It is the rope of the lasso that, thanks to its deformability, is able to copy faithfully the contour of the object. The clamping tool with flexible elements has a structure similar to the clamping tool with clamps and a principle similar to the lasso. It is now described a clamping tool with three flexible elements as shown in figure 2 and 3. Three clamps 204 and 205, and 301, 302 and 303, are linked to a frame part 202, provided with a cradle 203; each clamp can rotate around a pin 206 and 207. A flexible element 210 and 211, and 304, 305 and 306 is linked to the free extremity of each flexible element. The three flexible elements are tensioned by one ore more winches 212 positioned inside the frame. A pin 213 forces the flexible elements to be in strict contact with the element to grasp 201. As shown from the side view in figure 3, the flexible elements are located on different planes 304, 305 and 306; Each flexible element exerts on the object a pressure. In the case of the clamping tool with clamps, the cradle generates on the object forces equal and opposite to the resultant of the forces exerted by the clamps on the object; in the case of the clamping tool with flexible elements, the cradle creates on the object forces equal and opposite to the resultant of the forces generated by the flexible elements and by the clamps on the object. The winch (or winches) has the task to tighten the flexible elements and than to close the clamp around the object; the opening of each clamp is acted by a spring as shown in figure 2, part 208 and 209. The figure 2 shows the working principle of the clamping tool; the real position of one of the release springs is shown in the figure 3, part 307). It is now described the grasping procedure of the clamping tool with flexible elements as shown in figure 4, 5 and 6. While the clamps are parallel each over as shown in figure 4 and perpendicular to the cradle, the clamping tool is brought near to the object to grasp till the object gets in proximity or contact of the cradle as shown in figure 5. Then the winch (or winches) is powered; the torque of the winch (or winches) is used, initially to close the clamps, after to secure the grasp as shown in figure 6. The torque exerted by the winch (or winches) determines the grasping force. The clamping tool with flexible elements has a working principle similar to the lasso; the flexible element, during the movement of the closure of the clamping tool, creates a sort of circle that tightens until it finds the profile of the object as shown in figure 7 and 8. The synchronised movement clamps/flexible elements, positions the object in close contact with the cradle, and centres the object respect to the cradle. While for the clamping tool with clamps as shown in figure 1, the grasp clamping tool/object is performed by a limited number of contact points, the grasp flexible elements/object as shown in figure 2 and 3 is exerted along the whole profile of the object. A distributed grasp is more delicate than a single points grasp; on the object are applied not local forces but is applied a pressure. Each clamp with flexible elements can grasp objects having a maximum size; it is possible, for example, to build a clamp with flexible elements able to grasp structures from 0 to 30 inches. Depending on the kind of application, it is inconvenient to use a clamp larger than 30 inches to grasp structures for example of 4 inches. To solve this problem, it has been designed a clamping tool with flexible elements having a variable width as shown in figure 9 and 10. The parts of the frame that sustain the clamps, part 901 and 902, are mounted on sliding guides 903 and 904. A system of fast fastening 905 and 906 allows to regulate manually the width of the clamping tool. The width of the clamping tool with flexibb elements and variable width is decreased when there are problems of clearance, to increase the clamp handiness and for the transport. For example, it is possible to use a clamping tool with flexible elements and variable width, to execute submarine cuts with diamond wire as shown in, figure 11 and 12. This application admits a dependence with the industrial patent WO02075059 "Method and apparatus for cutting underwater structures" of Matteucci Francesco, of the company TS tecnospamec Sri (It). Once the cutting machine is secured to the structure to cut as shown in figure 11, part 1101, the structure is cut using a diamond wire as shown in figure 5, part 1102 that rotates around pulleys as shown in figure 5, part 1103, 1104 and 1105. One or more pulleys are powered. All the pulleys are mounted on sliding guides (not shown in the picture); during the cut, the diamond wire is slowly brought on the object to cut. To have a more detailed description of the cutting process, it is advisable to consult the patent VvO02075059. The clamping tool with flexible elements, thanks to its easy architecture and clamping capabilities, can be used in several fields; not limitative examples are the industry, the robotics, the building, the medicine etc. More specific fields of application are; lifting with cranes, underwater operations, micromanipulators, surgical operations.

Claims

1) Clamp with flexible element for the grasping of rigid or soft objects characterized in that the clamp is free to rotate around a pin, on the clamp being fixed one extremity of a flexible element, the second extremity of the flexible element being linked to a tensioning system, close to the clamp is located the object to clamp, by powering the tensioning system, the clamp positions itself in contact with the object and the flexible element is tensioned along the object profile.
2) Clamp with flexible element according to claim 1, characterized in that the flexible element is a rope, a band, a fabric, a wire or a cable.
3) Clamp with flexible element according to claim 1, characterized in that the flexible element is of steel, of shape memory alloy, of rayon, of paper, of rubber or plastic.
4) Clamp with flexible element according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the tensioning system is powered by a winch or by a piston.
5) Clamp with flexible element according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that where the clamp is provided with a return mechanism (for example a spring or a flexible element). The return mechanism has the task to bring back the clamp in the open position, when the flexible element is not tensioned.
6) Clamp with flexible element according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that where the part of the frame that sustains the clamp is mounted on a sliding guide, this embodiment allowing to reduce the overall size of the clamp when it is needed to clamp small objects.
7) Clamping tool where it is present at least one clamp with flexible element according to any of the claims from 1 to 6,the clamps being linked all on the same frame and the flexible elements being tensioned using one or more tensioning systems, and, depending on the disposition of the clamps, can be present or not a support cradle.
8) Clamping tool according to claim 7, where the clamps are positioned parallel each over.
9) Working procedure of the clamping tool according to any of the claims from 7 to 8, where the support cradle is used, the object to grasp and the cradle are positioned close each over; it is possible to obtain this result or bringing the cradle near to the object or bringing the object near to the cradle, the flexible elements (or flexible element) are simultaneously actuated by the tensioning system and the tensioning of the flexible elements (or flexible element) generates two effects; each clamp draws near to the object until it touches it, each flexible elements, like a lasso, tightens around the profile of the object, and on the cradle reaction forces born to balance the forces exerted by each clamp and flexible element on the object, and the grasp of the object is provided by the forces generated by the clamps, by the flexible elements and by the cradle on the object.
10) Clamping tool according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is intended to be used for the underwater robotics. 11) Clamping tool according to the claim 10 characterized in that it is intended for the cutting of underwater structures using the diamond wire.
12) Clamping tool according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that is intended to be used as a robot end effector.
PCT/EP2003/051098 2003-06-20 2003-12-23 Gripping device with flexible elements WO2005002797A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITGE2003A000042 2003-06-20
ITGE20030042 ITGE20030042A1 (en) 2003-06-20 2003-06-20 Gripping device with flexible elements.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2003299262A AU2003299262A1 (en) 2003-06-20 2003-12-23 Gripping device with flexible elements

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2005002797A1 true WO2005002797A1 (en) 2005-01-13

Family

ID=33561956

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP2003/051098 WO2005002797A1 (en) 2003-06-20 2003-12-23 Gripping device with flexible elements

Country Status (3)

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AU (1) AU2003299262A1 (en)
IT (1) ITGE20030042A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2005002797A1 (en)

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008135720A1 (en) * 2007-05-03 2008-11-13 Aew Delford Systems Limited Pick and place gripper device
WO2009026925A1 (en) * 2007-08-28 2009-03-05 Scanvaegt International A/S Gripping device, for example for a robot
GB2459723A (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-11-04 Robin Greogory Read Robotic end effector
US20120032383A1 (en) * 2010-08-04 2012-02-09 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Clamp apparatus
JP2014076532A (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-05-01 Tamura Seisakusho:Kk Round material clamp device
CN103935754A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-23 苏州亘富机械科技有限公司 Feeding clamping base
CN104370071A (en) * 2014-07-01 2015-02-25 苏州顺革智能科技有限公司 Material feeding clamping base
CN104440931A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 杭庆永 Clamping jaw clamping mechanism
CN104526709A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-22 赖卫华 Mechanical material sending arm
CN104552319A (en) * 2015-01-11 2015-04-29 李先强 Long-distance line force control clamp
CN106420256A (en) * 2016-09-05 2017-02-22 南京航空航天大学 Wearable flexible upper limb rehabilitation robot based on lasso driving and working method
CN111204592A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-05-29 枣庄市三维技术有限公司 Loading stacking manipulator
CN111319029A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-23 林义 Adjustable flexible clamping structure
CN112693514A (en) * 2021-03-18 2021-04-23 新乡职业技术学院 Hoisting device for mechanical equipment maintenance
CN112976034A (en) * 2021-04-25 2021-06-18 山东纵横智能家居有限公司 Workshop goods snatchs manipulator
US11059184B2 (en) 2016-12-30 2021-07-13 Marel A/S Gripper device and a method for picking up and re-positioning an item carried by a support surface

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106466816A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-03-01 周末 A kind of novel clamp holder

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3661378A (en) * 1969-09-30 1972-05-09 Crawford Fitting Co Gripping device
DE2529846A1 (en) * 1975-07-04 1977-01-20 Dietmar Dipl Ing Franz Handling device gripping finger - has flexible body with deep indentations, spring steel backing strip and draw wires for bending
SU1364470A1 (en) * 1986-01-02 1988-01-07 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский И Проектный Институт По Организации,Экономике И Технологии Материально-Технического Снабжения Сельского Хозяйства Manipulator grip
FR2621517A1 (en) * 1987-10-09 1989-04-14 Peugeot Robot wrist for clamping and fitting elastomer connections
WO2002075059A1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2002-09-26 Ts Tecnospamec S.R.L. Method and apparatus for cutting underwater structures

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3661378A (en) * 1969-09-30 1972-05-09 Crawford Fitting Co Gripping device
DE2529846A1 (en) * 1975-07-04 1977-01-20 Dietmar Dipl Ing Franz Handling device gripping finger - has flexible body with deep indentations, spring steel backing strip and draw wires for bending
SU1364470A1 (en) * 1986-01-02 1988-01-07 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский И Проектный Институт По Организации,Экономике И Технологии Материально-Технического Снабжения Сельского Хозяйства Manipulator grip
FR2621517A1 (en) * 1987-10-09 1989-04-14 Peugeot Robot wrist for clamping and fitting elastomer connections
WO2002075059A1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2002-09-26 Ts Tecnospamec S.R.L. Method and apparatus for cutting underwater structures

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008135720A1 (en) * 2007-05-03 2008-11-13 Aew Delford Systems Limited Pick and place gripper device
US8287015B2 (en) 2007-05-03 2012-10-16 Aew Delford Systems Limited Pick and place gripper device
WO2009026925A1 (en) * 2007-08-28 2009-03-05 Scanvaegt International A/S Gripping device, for example for a robot
US8157308B2 (en) 2007-08-28 2012-04-17 Scanvaegt International A/S Gripping device for a robot
GB2459723A (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-11-04 Robin Greogory Read Robotic end effector
US20120032383A1 (en) * 2010-08-04 2012-02-09 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Clamp apparatus
JP2014076532A (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-05-01 Tamura Seisakusho:Kk Round material clamp device
CN103935754A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-23 苏州亘富机械科技有限公司 Feeding clamping base
CN104370071A (en) * 2014-07-01 2015-02-25 苏州顺革智能科技有限公司 Material feeding clamping base
CN104440931A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 杭庆永 Clamping jaw clamping mechanism
CN104526709A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-22 赖卫华 Mechanical material sending arm
CN104552319A (en) * 2015-01-11 2015-04-29 李先强 Long-distance line force control clamp
CN106420256A (en) * 2016-09-05 2017-02-22 南京航空航天大学 Wearable flexible upper limb rehabilitation robot based on lasso driving and working method
US11059184B2 (en) 2016-12-30 2021-07-13 Marel A/S Gripper device and a method for picking up and re-positioning an item carried by a support surface
CN111204592A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-05-29 枣庄市三维技术有限公司 Loading stacking manipulator
CN111319029A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-23 林义 Adjustable flexible clamping structure
CN111319029B (en) * 2020-03-19 2021-05-04 林义 Adjustable flexible clamping structure
CN112693514A (en) * 2021-03-18 2021-04-23 新乡职业技术学院 Hoisting device for mechanical equipment maintenance
CN112693514B (en) * 2021-03-18 2021-06-18 新乡职业技术学院 Hoisting device for mechanical equipment maintenance
CN112976034A (en) * 2021-04-25 2021-06-18 山东纵横智能家居有限公司 Workshop goods snatchs manipulator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ITGE20030042A1 (en) 2004-12-21
AU2003299262A8 (en) 2005-01-21
AU2003299262A1 (en) 2005-01-21

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