WO1986003663A1 - Mattress for beds - Google Patents

Mattress for beds Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1986003663A1
WO1986003663A1 PCT/EP1985/000714 EP8500714W WO8603663A1 WO 1986003663 A1 WO1986003663 A1 WO 1986003663A1 EP 8500714 W EP8500714 W EP 8500714W WO 8603663 A1 WO8603663 A1 WO 8603663A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
mattress
strip
bed
frame
position
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP1985/000714
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Joachim Menzel
Original Assignee
Menzel-Leuchten Gmbh & Co Kg
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C31/00Details or accessories for chairs, beds, or the like, not provided for in other groups of this subclass, e.g. upholstery fasteners, mattress protectors, stretching devices for mattress nets
    • A47C31/12Means, e.g. measuring means for adapting chairs, beds or mattresses to the shape or weight of persons
    • A47C31/123Means, e.g. measuring means for adapting chairs, beds or mattresses to the shape or weight of persons for beds or mattresses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C23/00Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases
    • A47C23/005Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases foldable or dismountable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C23/00Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases
    • A47C23/06Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases using wooden springs, e.g. of slat type ; Slatted bed bases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/001Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with means for turning-over the patient

Abstract

A mattress for a bed comprises a top construction for supporting a padding and a bottom rigid frame (G). The top construction is comprised of three longitudinal strips: a central strip (A) on which rests a person lying on the back, and two lateral strips (B1, B2) connected by springs to the central part. The central strip (A) is so arranged as to tilt in the frame (G) in parallel to its longitudinal axis.

Description

- l -

MATTRESS FOR A BED BED

The invention relates to a mattress for a bed Liege¬ consisting of a foam pad with a verse¬ Henen superstructure and carrying them rigid frame.

Such a mattress is known for example from Swiss Patent 530,778. The upper structure according to this document is structured like a tree and having a plurality of Trageglie¬ countries, the bil¬ with other supporting members respectively the balance beam. This balance beam are reattached to several at a ge common framework, which in turn acts as a balance beam and so on. Thus a one-sided load on the bed surface leads to a reduction in an area and to a raising of another portion, so that the supporting forces, relative to the unit area, to compensate. Thus eig¬, such a bed net particularly for bedridden patients who are particularly sensitive to prolonged lying for acting on her body compressive forces. For use by healthy people such a bed is jedo 'ch too expensive and only optimal for use in the supine position.

From GB-PS 946 831 a also developed for the purposes of a hospital air mattress is known, which is divided into two in the longitudinal axis and in which the two so gebilde¬ ten air chambers can be varied greatly inflated so that a patient without their own participation in the supine can be placed in a lateral position. It is clear that an air mattress in everyday life is useless to sleep on length.

From CH-PS 588 845 a mattress is known which can be raised by inflatable air cushions and lowered. These air bags can either undivided extend under the entire bed surface or more times divided into longitudinal or transverse direction. The aim is facilitated by the low-lying beds bed- making and the hardness of the bed to be changed.

In addition to such a complicated and only suitable for hospital purposes mattresses and bed bases are known, the running of a plurality of transverse to the bed length, each flexibly mounted at their ends and are made via belts in the longitudinal direction interconnected slats. Such mattresses are particularly foal emp¬ to relieve the spine, but they only work optimally if the user takes the supine position.

Object of the invention is to improve a mattress of the type mentioned so that they optimally supported not only in the supine position the body, but also in the often preferred side.

This object is inventively achieved in that the top construction of the mattress consists of three longitudinal strips, namely a middle strip on which a person lies in a supine position, and two lateral strips which are resiliently connected with the central part, and in that the central strip parallel is tiltably mounted to its longitudinal axis in the frame.

In conjunction with the feature of the tiltable support of a bed part is to point out the often anzu¬ striking particularly in the hospital mechanisms by which the head and / or the foot can be raised to allow a patient during the day and a sitting position. Here, however, there is a division of transverse axis to Bettlängs¬. In addition, the respective position is normally locked. Moreover, even to refer to the US Patent No. 2,321,206, which discloses a folding couch in this context. Here are connected to each other in the longitudinal direction of the couch two cushion parts. During the night, these two parts lie flat next to one another and one of the parts during forming the backrest of a sofa. Again, the two padding portions are locked in each of the two positions.

The mattress according to the invention, however, is tiltably mounted with its central strip in the mattress frame so that a tilting movement is initiated by simply displacing the weight.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, each strip consists of a plurality of parallel, closely aneinander- lying transverse slats, the face members are depending on belast¬ resiliently supported on pressure. So that the known benefits of slatted also be achieved here for backbone support, not only for the supine position, but also when using the Ξeitenlage.

If one wishes to further enhance the tilting movement, then it is advantageous rich about its longitudinal axis to arrange a rigid board under the middle Längsbe¬ the superstructure can be tilted in the frame and between this board and the Oberkon¬ constructive tion elastically resilient pressure members are to attach.

The invention will now be explained in more detail based on a preferred Ausführungs¬ example using the drawings.

Fig. 1 shows schematically a cross section through a Erfin dung modern mattress.

Fig. 2 shows the same cross-section under load by a person in the supine position. Fig. 3 shows the same cross-section under load by a person in the side position.

Fig. 4 shows in reduced scale the same mattress from above.

Fig. 5 also shows reduced schematically a longitudinal section through a bed with the inventive mattress with a person lying on its side.

Fig. 6 shows the same bed as shown in Fig. 5 with a supine person.

The mattress illustrated in the figures consists of a rigid frame and from a G provided with a cushion pad P superstructure. The upper structure consists of three longitudinal strips, namely a middle strip A and two connected thereto via belts C side strips Bl and B2. Each strip consists for its part, as shown in Figures 4 to 6, of a plurality of parallel, narrowly spaced transverse slats L, which are each via a Spi¬ Ralf Eder F supported from below. As shown in FIG. 4, each a few slats extend at the head and foot end S over the entire width, while the remaining slats, as mentioned in each case only over the width of the associated strip stretch er¬.

The central strip is somewhat narrower than the lateral strips Bl and B2, and is preferably slightly harder gepol¬ stert than the side strips.

Under the center strip A extends over the entire length of the bed a Wippbrett W, which is slightly wider than the central strip A and tiltably mounted in the frame G. This may, as shown in Figures 1 to 3 are achieved by firmly montier¬ te rollers R, which are mounted on the frame along the longitudinal axis and on which the Wippbrett can roll off. It can be strengthened be¬ also guide sleeves on Wippbrett to avoid to ver¬ a lateral movement of the Wippbretts. On the Wippbrett three rows of coil springs are mounted, namely a middle row in direct support of the slats L of the central strip, and two lateral rows, on which rest the inner ends of the side slats L.

In the unloaded state, the mattress has a perfectly flat surface, as shown in Fig. 1. Fig. The Wippbrett is -waagerecht ... became Le.gt a person on the bed ', in the supine position, then a compressing itself "the three inner rows of coil springs evenly and Wippbrett W remains wie¬ the horizontal. In this position corresponds to the effect of the bed of a normal slatted base, said can adopt the optimum position for him by the Viel¬ number of slats of each vertebra (see Fig. 6).

Particularly noteworthy is that shown in Fig. 3 half-side position, as these can be achieved in any normal bed. In this position, the bed gives your body a much larger contact surface with a correspondingly large pressure relief of the protruding body parts and spine than in the pure lateral position (90 °). The internal organs are less burdened by pressure than in the lateral position. Once the weight is slightly laterally verla¬ siege from the supine position (Fig. 2), the Wippbrett W begins to tilt in the gezeich¬ in Fig. 3 designated location and accepts the median strip with A. Here, since the slats of the side strips Bl and B2 are pulled inwardly, the coil springs outer provide a restoring force which is more or less effective depending on the design of the springs, so that the horizontal position of the bed surface is automatically adjusted as soon as the person you shift weight back to the middle. Older people appreciate the advantage that a change in position much less force is required than in prior art mattresses. The invention is not limited in all its details to the darge presented Ausführungsbeispie1. So the Wipp¬ can have a pivot at each end board and which engages in a corresponding bearing in the frame. So then the roles could be eliminated. The Wippbrett could even be completely eliminated, so that then the respective spiral springs lie on the frame immediately. In this case, the tilting movement of the median strip would be less pronounced.

Ans adjusting the coil springs can be found as the example, blanket cylinders, using other elastic Glie¬.

For hospital use, it could also be useful to be able to fix the Wippbrett in place. For example, a caregiver can a patient without the latter's participation in the lateral position and bring back.

The tilting movement takes place, as mentioned, in the erfindungs¬ proper mattress by simply shifting your weight and can thus take place during sleep without disturbance. So the sleeping position can easily be changed in sleep, which promotes the circulation of the individual parts of the body and the healing of back pain.

Claims

1. Mattress for a sun bed, consisting of an provided with e'iner cushion support superstructure and carrying them rigid frame, characterized in .that the upper construction of three longitudinal strips, namely a middle strip (A) on which a person in the supine ¬ position is located, and two lateral bands (Bl, B2), which are connected resiliently to the middle part, and that the
mittler'e strip (A) is parallel to its longitudinal axis in the framework (G) tiltably mounted.
2. Mattress according to claim 1, characterized in that each strip consists of a plurality of parallel closely aneinander- lying transverse slats (L) which are each supported by means of elastic pressure-loadable members (F).
3. Mattress according to claim 2, characterized in that a rigid board (W) below the central longitudinal region of the upper structure about its longitudinal axis tiltably in the frame (G) is arranged, and in that elastic pressure-loadable Glie¬ the (F) between this board and the superstructure (A, Bl, B-2) are mounted.
PCT/EP1985/000714 1984-12-18 1985-12-17 Mattress for beds WO1986003663A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19843446065 DE3446065A1 (en) 1984-12-18 1984-12-18 Bed
DEP3446065.9 1984-12-18
DE19853512193 DE3512193A1 (en) 1985-04-03 1985-04-03 Bed
DEP3512193.9 1985-04-03

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19853576454 DE3576454D1 (en) 1984-12-18 1985-12-17 Mattress for a bed lying.
AT86900134T AT50908T (en) 1984-12-18 1985-12-17 Mattress for a bed lying.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1986003663A1 true true WO1986003663A1 (en) 1986-07-03

Family

ID=25827470

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP1985/000714 WO1986003663A1 (en) 1984-12-18 1985-12-17 Mattress for beds

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0210186B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1986003663A1 (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0294510A1 (en) * 1987-06-09 1988-12-14 Sieglinda Fuchs Bed for snorers
US5042097A (en) * 1988-08-17 1991-08-27 Sieglinda Fuchs Bed for snorers
DE4106087A1 (en) * 1990-03-05 1991-09-12 Gruber Hans Adjustable reclining surface - has weighing cells detecting pressures on parts of surface
US5426799A (en) * 1989-06-08 1995-06-27 Superba S.A. Mattress system
WO1995022272A1 (en) * 1991-08-20 1995-08-24 Jack Schwartz Mattress system
WO1995029659A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 1995-11-09 Probed Medical Technologies Inc. Articulating bed
US6038717A (en) * 1996-03-22 2000-03-21 Errarp Innovation Ab Device for a bed
US6502260B2 (en) * 1998-06-04 2003-01-07 Andre Viljoen Therapeutic bed
US7513003B2 (en) 2006-11-14 2009-04-07 L & P Property Management Company Anti-snore bed having inflatable members
US7522062B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2009-04-21 L&P Property Managment Company Anti-snore bedding having adjustable portions
US8832887B2 (en) 2012-08-20 2014-09-16 L&P Property Management Company Anti-snore bed having inflatable members
RU2547290C2 (en) * 2009-01-09 2015-04-10 Ханс Лёйкс Риолтехник Supporting device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE322558C (en) * 1920-07-03 Wilhelm Ernst Achinger A mattress or a seat base for chairs, armchairs, sofas u. like.
CH271877A *
US4084274A (en) * 1975-05-01 1978-04-18 Betstone Industries Limited Turning bed

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE322558C (en) * 1920-07-03 Wilhelm Ernst Achinger A mattress or a seat base for chairs, armchairs, sofas u. like.
CH271877A *
US4084274A (en) * 1975-05-01 1978-04-18 Betstone Industries Limited Turning bed

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0294510A1 (en) * 1987-06-09 1988-12-14 Sieglinda Fuchs Bed for snorers
DE3723306A1 (en) * 1987-06-09 1988-12-22 Linda Fuchs Bed for snore
US5042097A (en) * 1988-08-17 1991-08-27 Sieglinda Fuchs Bed for snorers
US5426799A (en) * 1989-06-08 1995-06-27 Superba S.A. Mattress system
DE4106087A1 (en) * 1990-03-05 1991-09-12 Gruber Hans Adjustable reclining surface - has weighing cells detecting pressures on parts of surface
WO1995022272A1 (en) * 1991-08-20 1995-08-24 Jack Schwartz Mattress system
GB2313051B (en) * 1991-08-20 1999-03-24 Jack Schwartz Mattress
GB2313051A (en) * 1991-08-20 1997-11-19 Jack Schwartz Mattress system
US5515561A (en) * 1992-05-19 1996-05-14 Probed Medical Technologies, Inc. Articulating bed
WO1995029659A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 1995-11-09 Probed Medical Technologies Inc. Articulating bed
US6038717A (en) * 1996-03-22 2000-03-21 Errarp Innovation Ab Device for a bed
US6502260B2 (en) * 1998-06-04 2003-01-07 Andre Viljoen Therapeutic bed
US7513003B2 (en) 2006-11-14 2009-04-07 L & P Property Management Company Anti-snore bed having inflatable members
US7522062B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2009-04-21 L&P Property Managment Company Anti-snore bedding having adjustable portions
RU2547290C2 (en) * 2009-01-09 2015-04-10 Ханс Лёйкс Риолтехник Supporting device
US8832887B2 (en) 2012-08-20 2014-09-16 L&P Property Management Company Anti-snore bed having inflatable members

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0210186B1 (en) 1990-03-14 grant
EP0210186A1 (en) 1987-02-04 application

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