WO1984001132A1 - Rearview mirror - Google Patents

Rearview mirror Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1984001132A1
WO1984001132A1 PCT/DE1983/000158 DE8300158W WO8401132A1 WO 1984001132 A1 WO1984001132 A1 WO 1984001132A1 DE 8300158 W DE8300158 W DE 8300158W WO 8401132 A1 WO8401132 A1 WO 8401132A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
characterized
mirror according
rearview mirror
rear
switch
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/DE1983/000158
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Anthony Stewart
Original Assignee
Anthony Stewart
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19823234157 priority Critical patent/DE3234157A1/en
Application filed by Anthony Stewart filed Critical Anthony Stewart
Publication of WO1984001132A1 publication Critical patent/WO1984001132A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R1/00Optical viewing arrangements
    • B60R1/02Rear-view mirror arrangements
    • B60R1/08Rear-view mirror arrangements involving special optical features, e.g. avoiding blind spots, e.g. convex mirrors; Side-by-side associations of rear-view and other mirrors
    • B60R1/083Anti-glare mirrors, e.g. "day-night" mirrors
    • B60R1/086Anti-glare mirrors, e.g. "day-night" mirrors using a mirror angularly movable between a position of use and a non-glare position reflecting a dark field to the user, e.g. situated behind a transparent glass used as low-reflecting surface; Wedge-shaped mirrors
    • B60R1/087Anti-glare mirrors, e.g. "day-night" mirrors using a mirror angularly movable between a position of use and a non-glare position reflecting a dark field to the user, e.g. situated behind a transparent glass used as low-reflecting surface; Wedge-shaped mirrors with remote or automatic control means

Abstract

In a motor vehicle rearview mirror provided with a pivoting casing preventing dazzling there is provided to enable the pivoting of the casing (1) a photocell (33) -actuated control mechanism (3) pivotingly connected to the casing (1). The photocell (33) is arranged in a light beam path starting from at least one light in headlight position of a vehicle situated behind. A mirror is secured to the pivoting casing (1) wherein the control mechanism (3) is fixed. The sensitivity of the photocell (33) is selected so that the photocell is sensitive to the light beam of headlights and is insensitive to the light beam of dipped headlights of the vehicle situated behind.

Description

Rear spi eg el

The invention relates to a rearview mirror for motor vehicles with folding mirror plane to prevent glare.

A equipped with a folding mirror plane rear view mirror, in which the movements of the mirror plane is made by a controlled incidence of light electric motor, has been found in the professional world considerable interest. However, the current design could not meet all requirements by management. In particular, it was found that the in this way produced automatically folding mirrors are not sufficiently immune to interference. The mirror is relatively loud when carrying out the folding movements beyond. He also could not be made at market prices.

Object of the present invention is therefore to improve the rear view mirror of the type mentioned such that it is functionally reliable, inexpensive to manufacture and relatively quiet during the Druchführung of folding movements.

This object is inventively achieved in that a controlled by a photosensitive cell drive is provided for folding the mirror plane with which the mirror surface is pivotable, and in that the photosensitive cell is in a light beam emanating from at least one high-beam headlights of a following vehicle ,

In such a rear-view mirror of a dumping Sriegelebene occurs before a driver of the motor vehicle from being dazzled by the light beam of the subsequent vehicle. The mirror performs a smooth folding movement that does not affect the handlebars driving the vehicle. After eliminating the risk of dazzling the mirror plane folds back into its original Läge without the handlebar must remove his hands from the steering wheel of the motor vehicle once. It can therefore devote all his attention to the guidance of the motor vehicle and is therefore particularly in the critical moments in which a blend danger, able to concentrate his physical and mental efforts on mastering the perilous situation.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the rearview mirror is equipped with a drive, the executive electric motor is designed as an all pivotal movements of the mirror plane in the same direction of rotation. In this manner, a reversal of the electric motor on the one hand saved. All drive components remain in the same direction of rotation direction constantly engaged, so that collisions inside the drive are largely avoided. On the other hand, a provision of the mirror plane with the aid of the force of a prestressed spring remains saved. The electric motor does not need to bias simultaneously with the dumping of the mirror plane, a return spring. In this way the electric motor can be dimensioned relatively small. It is relatively cheap in this way and small in size. His attachment to the folding mirror housings can be done relatively easily, since the transmitting on the mirror housing to folding forces are relatively small. Further details of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description and the attached appended drawings in which a preferred embodiment of the invention is for example illustrated.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1: A plan view of an opened mirror, Fig. 2 shows a system diagram of a drive and its coupling, Fig. 3 shows a system diagram with an attachment plate in a pivoting position, Fig. 4 is a system diagram with an attachment plate in a different pivotal position,

FIG. 5 (gnenluerschnitt by a mirror housing according to the line VV in Figure 1, FIG. 6 is a circuit diagram for the electrical TIC of the electric motor,

Fig. 7: a cross section through an accessory according to the section line VII-VII in Figure 5 and Fig. 8 is a plan view of a ver with cam gear planned.

A rear view mirror consists essentially of a pivotable mirror housing 1, a support arm 2, and a drive 3. With the help of the support arm 2 of the rearview mirror is mounted in a not shown vehicle. The support arm 2 extends into a bearing 4 in the mirror housing. 1 The bearing 4 illustrates a fixed point in the movably mounted mirror housing 1, by which the mirror housing 1 can be swiveled for the purpose of turning extension. On the bearing 4 a large area contact plate 5 is fixed. This attachment takes place at different points 6, 7, to connect the engaging plate 5 against the need to pivot the mirror housing 1 forces to the bearing. 4

The contact plate 5 is provided with catches 8, 9 which project from it in the direction of the drive. 3 Between the drivers 8, 9, a clearance 10 is provided, the height of which corresponds to the desired swivel angle of the mirror housing. 1 The space 10 is a gear 11 protrudes, which is part other than an electric motor 12 and a lead screw 13 for driving the third This gear 11 is connected to the threaded spindle 13 engaged by corresponding teeth 14 which are mounted on its circumference. The gear 11 has two flanks 15, 16 which extend to each other plane-parallel. On each of the two flanks 15, 16 is a switch cam 17, 18 is attached to each. The two switching cams 17, 18 are offset from each other by a rotational angle of the 180th

The teeth 14 are adapted to a thread 19 formed on the threaded spindle. 13 The threaded spindle 13 is fixed on a motor shaft 20 that protrudes on the output side of the electric motor 12th

The electric motor 12 is connected via lines 21, 22, to a voltage source 23rd At this voltage source 23 may be to the electrical system of the vehicle. The two lines 21, 22 represent the two phases with which the electric motor is located on the voltage source 23 12th One of the two phases is divided into two mutually parallel branches 24, 25, of which one branch 24 is durchflos sen from the power, when the mirror housing 1 in one direction to be pivoted, while the other branch is flowed through 25 from the electrical power , when the mirror housing 1 is intended to perform a pivotal movement in the other direction. The two branches 24, 25 are connectable to one of its ends 27 with a switch 26 to the line 22 while at an opposite end 27 to the end 28 of the connection of the branches 24, 25 takes place via a relay 29th Both the switch 26 and the relay 29 connect in its one switching position the line 22 with one branch 25, while connecting them in the other switching position the line 22 to the branch 24th

The switch 26 is fixed to the mirror housing 1 is connected. It may be formed as a microswitch, whose switching operations are triggered by a cam 30th This cam 30 is urged by a follower 31 which is fixedly connected to the bearing plate. 5 This driver 31 biases the cam 30 in a pivotal position of the mirror housing 1 while relieving the cam 30 in the other pivotal position of the mirror housing. 1

The relay 29 is connected via a supply line 32 with a light-sensitive cell 33, which emits an electrical voltage upon incidence of a light beam. Once this voltage excites the relay 29 which connects this to a branch 24 to the line 22. When the action of light on the photosensitive cell 33 ceases, the relay 29 drops out, so that now the other branch 25 is connected to the line 22nd The light-sensitive cell 33 is mounted in a neck 34 which is connected to a support arm 2 opposite lower edge 35 of the mirror housing. 1 In this approach 34 is a light channel 36 is formed, whose longitudinal axis extends in the direction of blinding the vehicle handlebar light beam. This light beam passes through an aperture 37 in the light channel 36, at its opposite end 37 of the aperture, the light-sensitive cell is disposed 33rd The attachment 34 may be connected via a coupling 39 to the mirror housing. 1 This coupling 39 may be formed for example as a pin, which projects into a corresponding hole which is provided at its lower edge 35 in the mirror housing. 1 The attachment 34 can be pivoted about the coupling 39 with the objective 36 to align the center axis of the light channel regardless of the setting of the mirror housing 1 in the direction of the incident light beam.

The aperture 37 can be closed by means of a cap 40th This cover cap 40 is slidably mounted on a boss 34 the housing forming the 41st For example, the housing may be in the form of a cylinder 41 on its outer surface which is also cylindrically shaped cover cap is mounted displaceably 40th This cover cap 40 has an aperture 37 corresponding to the inlet opening 42 which is located in a predetermined pivotal position immediately above the aperture 37th With the aid of a handle 43, the Abdeςkkappe can be shifted 40 relative to the housing 41, so that now the aperture 37 is located below the cap 40, which closes the aperture of light-tight 37th Of this cover of the aperture 37 may be adopted in particular during the day, to prevent the incidence of sunlight on the light-sensitive cell 33rd

Conveniently, the clutch 39 can be connected to the support arm. 2 In this way it is ensured that the central axis of the light channel 36 always extends to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle regardless of the setting of the mirror housing 1 in a predetermined direction. This direction is determined by the direction of a light beam which is generating of a subsequent driving emitted in the direction of the mirror housing. 1

Moreover, it is possible to couple the boss 34 with a power switch. In case of failure of the photosensitive cell 33 of the switch can be operated and are turned on with its assistance, the electric motor 12 by exerting a pressure on the approach 34th

Moreover, in the attachment 34 displays 44, 45 may be mounted, which indicate to the driver of the motor vehicle, the respective switching position of the mirror housing. 1 These indicators 44, 45 may be formed as light or Tonanzeiger. For example, it is conceivable two lamps of various colors as ads 44 to use the 45th Each one of these two displays 44, 45 located on either side of the aperture 37 in a direction extending parallel to the lower edge 35 of transverse axis of the neck 34. In the neck 34 and the whole for controlling the electric motor 12, necessary electric circuit may be housed. It is especially remembering to design this circuit as a hybrid circuit. Such a concentration of the circuit in the attachment 34 also has the advantage that the projection 34 can be designed as a replacement part. If a defect at either the circuit or to the photocell or to the display 44, 45 occurs, with relatively small cost by untrained personnel, replacement of the boss 34 made and the operability of the rearview mirror to be restored. Basically it is also possible to use other electronic switching elements for the production of the circuit. Thus, the electrical circuit but is physically larger, so that they may not find a place in the approach.

As soon as a motor vehicle with αufgeblondeten headlamps herfährt behind the equipped with the rear-view mirror motor vehicle, a light beam of the high-beam headlights through the light channel 36 to the photosensitive cell 33. falls These outputs a voltage so as to flow through the relay 29, a current. The relay 29 closes the previously open flow path through the branch 25 to the line 22. It is a prerequisite that the switch 26, the connection between the line 22 and the branch 25 is prepared. Now flows through line 22, a current that sets the electric motor 12 in motion. This turns on the threaded spindle 13, the gear wheel 11. This moves with the shift cam 17 under the cam 8 and pivoted in this way, the engaging plate 5 by a predetermined angle 46, which corresponds to the pivot angle of the mirror housing. 1 By pivoting the mirror housing 1, the switch 26 is actuated, which releases the connection between the line 22 and the branch 25 and establishes a connection between the line 22 and the branch 24th In this way, the current flow is prevented by the line 22 to the electric motor 12, so that it is de-energized and the threaded spindle 13 is not moved further. In this way, the actuator 3 stops in the predetermined by the rotation of the threaded spindle 13 position. The contact plate 5 is held in its pivoted position by the cam 17th

Once the effect of the light beam stops on the photosensitive cell 33, this makes no clamping voltage more. The relay 29 is not energized and drops. Thereby, the connection between the line 22 and the branch 25 is released, and a connection between the line 22 and the branch 24th Since this was previously connected at its other end by the switch 26 to the line 22, now, a current flow occurs through the conduit 22 in the direction of the electric motor 12 into existence. This is thus put into operation and rotates recently, the threaded spindle 13 by a corresponding rotation of the gear 11 is the other switching cam 18 with the carrier 9 of the engaging plate 5 is engaged so that now the mirror housing 1 via the fixedly connected to it drive 3 pulls the trigger of the installation plate 5 and carries out a pivotal movement. By this pivotal movement of the switch 26 is operated again, which prevents the power supply through the branch 24 and establishes a new connection between the conduit 22 and the branch 25th Thereby, the cam 18 remains in engagement with the cam 8, so that the Spiegelge housing is held in its starting position 1, as long as no further light beam is incident on the photosensitive cell 33rd Only when this is exposed again, the contact between the conduit 22 and the branch 25 is closed by the relay 29 again, so that recently, the electric motor 12 is connected to power and can pivot the mirror housing 1 via the drive. 3

During daytime operation the light conduit 36 ​​is closed using the cap 40th After dusk the cap 40 is moved so that the aperture 37 is open to the incidence of a light beam.

If the electronics are defective, the function of the electric motor 12 can also be triggered in that the driver of the vehicle exerts a pressure on the designed as a switch boss 34th He actuated by the switch, so that the electric motor 12 is supplied with power.

Claims

Rearview mirror patent claims:
1. rearview mirror for motor vehicles with a folding mirror housing for preventing glare, characterized in that for folding the mirror housing (1) of a photosensitive cell (33) controlled drive (3) is provided which is pivotally connected to the mirror housing (1) and that the light-sensitive cell (33) is in a light beam emanating from at least one high-beam headlights of a following vehicle.
2. rear view mirror according to claim 1, characterized in that a mirror plane to the pivotable mirror housing (1) is fixedly connected, in which the drive (3) is attached.
3. rearview mirror according to claim 1 and 2, characterized in that the photosensitive cell (33) is arranged in a region which is within the high-beam and low-beam light beam outside of the following motor vehicle.
4. rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 3, characterized in that the photosensitive cell (33) on a mirror housing (1) surrounding the frame is fixed.
5. rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 4, characterized in that the mirror housing (1) displaying (44, 45) for the respective folded position of the mirror housing (1) are provided.
6. rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 5, characterized in that the drive (3) as an all pivotal movements of the mirror housing (1) performer in the same direction direction of rotation electric motor (12) is formed.
7. rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 6, characterized in that the electric motor (12) on its output side with a threaded spindle (13) is provided, which is provided with a gear (11) engaged, the (at least one switch cam 17, 18 ) is provided for movement of the mirror housing (1).
8. rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 7, characterized in that the switching cam (17, 18) acts upon a force transducer, with a bearing (4) is fixedly connected, is mounted pivotably on the mirror housing (1).
9. rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 8, characterized in that the force transducer is designed as a large-area abutment plate (5) which is at various points (6, 7) with the bearing (4) connected over a large area.
10 has rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 9, characterized in that the bearing plate (5) of the control cam (17, 18) acted upon entrainment means (8, 9).
11. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 10, characterized in that a respective control cam (17, 18) on either side of the gear wheel (11) is applied, and that the two switching cams (17, 18) each in
Direction of rotation of the gear wheel (11) are offset by an angle of 180 ° and each Schaltmocken (17, 18), a driver (8, 9) is associated.
12. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 11, characterized in that in each case a switching cam (17, 18) each having a pivot direction of the mirror housing (1) is assigned.
13. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 12, characterized in that in at least one of the electric motor (12) supplying line (21, 22) during the pivoting of the mirror housing (1) switching switch (26) is disposed, which (with two electric motor 12) are each supplied with current switching positions is provided.
14. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 13, characterized in that supplied between the switch (26) and an electric motor (12) with power current source is provided a relay (29) connected to its supply to the light-sensitive cell (33) is.
15. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 14, characterized in that for the supply of the electric motor (12) both the relay (29) and the switch (26) are provided in closed positions.
16. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 15, characterized in that the electric motor (12) has a Lei¬tung (21, 22) with two phases which of the at least one both with the relay (29) as (26 and with the switch is provided).
17. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 16, characterized in that with the switch (26) and the
Relay (29) provided phase comprises two mutually parallel branches (24, 25) at one end (28) of the relay (29) and the other end (27) of the switch (26) as a compound. are for phase Trained.
18. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 17, characterized in that the relay (29) in one switching position represents a compound phase to a branch (24) and in another switching position connects the phase to the other branch (25).
19. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 18, characterized in that the switch (26) position in a shift, a compound of
Phase to a branch (24) and position in another switch connects the phase to the other branch (25) represents.
20. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 19, characterized in that each folding position (a branch 24,
25).
21, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 20, characterized in that the relay (29) for a circuit and the switch (26) for switching off the electric motor (12) are provided.
22, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 21, characterized in that the photosensitive cell (33) is located at the end of the light beam converging light channel (36).
23, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 22, characterized in that the light conduit (36) at its the lichtemfpindlichen cell (33) opposite the top an aperture (37) whose cross section corresponds to that of the photosensitive cell (33) is adapted.
24, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 23, characterized in that the light conduit (36) with respect to its longitudinal direction for adaptation to the respective Blend direction of a light beam on the mirror housing (1) is pivotally mounted.
25, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 24, characterized in that the light conduit (36) extends through an approach that is attachable to the mirror housing (1).
26, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 25, characterized in that the projection (34) in front of the aperture (37) has a hand-operated cap (40).
27, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 26, characterized in that the cover cap (40) displaceable slide is designed as a front of the shoulder (34).
28, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 27, characterized in that the slide according to a the extension (34) receiving the housing (41) is formed on the surface it is mounted displaceably.
29, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 28, characterized in that on the projection (34) which displays (44, 45) are arranged.
30, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 29, characterized in that the projection (34) has an electric motor (12) controlling circuit is arranged.
31, rear-view mirror according to claim 1 to 30, characterized in that the circuit is designed as a hybrid circuit.
32. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 31, characterized in that the formed projection (34) as a manually operated switch for switching the electric motor (12).
33. Rearview mirror according to claim 1 to 32, characterized in that there is provided by the actuation of the switch (26) is a time delay corresponding to a predetermined swing angle of the mirror housing (1).
PCT/DE1983/000158 1981-09-23 1983-09-14 Rearview mirror WO1984001132A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19823234157 DE3234157A1 (en) 1981-09-23 1982-09-15 Rearview mirror

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1984001132A1 true WO1984001132A1 (en) 1984-03-29

Family

ID=6173250

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/DE1983/000158 WO1984001132A1 (en) 1981-09-23 1983-09-14 Rearview mirror

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0118533A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1984001132A1 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0208008A2 (en) * 1985-07-10 1987-01-14 Hohe Kg Anti-glare interior vehicle mirror with electro-optical control
US4948242A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-08-14 Donnelly Mirrors Limited Vehicle rearview mirror assembly
US5572354A (en) * 1993-03-19 1996-11-05 Donnelly Mirrors, Ltd. Rearview mirror support bracket with retaining protrusion, rearview mirror case and reflective element
US5820245A (en) * 1995-12-11 1998-10-13 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly
US6000823A (en) * 1995-12-11 1999-12-14 Donnelly Mirrors Limited Rearview mirror assembly
CN106828318A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-06-13 比亚迪股份有限公司 The control method of vehicle-carrying display screen, device and vehicle

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3307899A (en) * 1963-10-29 1967-03-07 Rabinow Jacob Light sensitive adjustable rear view mirror
US3680951A (en) * 1970-04-01 1972-08-01 Baldwin Co D H Photoelectrically-controlled rear-view mirrow
US3722984A (en) * 1971-06-29 1973-03-27 Baldwin Co D H Day-night mirror for vehicles
FR2440289A1 (en) * 1978-11-06 1980-05-30 Dal Dan Felice Vehicle anti-dazzle rear view mirror - tilts automatically when lit by following vehicles using electromagnet activated by photocell
DE3147281A1 (en) * 1981-11-28 1983-06-09 Anthony Stewart Rearview mirror for motor vehicles

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3307899A (en) * 1963-10-29 1967-03-07 Rabinow Jacob Light sensitive adjustable rear view mirror
US3680951A (en) * 1970-04-01 1972-08-01 Baldwin Co D H Photoelectrically-controlled rear-view mirrow
US3722984A (en) * 1971-06-29 1973-03-27 Baldwin Co D H Day-night mirror for vehicles
FR2440289A1 (en) * 1978-11-06 1980-05-30 Dal Dan Felice Vehicle anti-dazzle rear view mirror - tilts automatically when lit by following vehicles using electromagnet activated by photocell
DE3147281A1 (en) * 1981-11-28 1983-06-09 Anthony Stewart Rearview mirror for motor vehicles

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0208008A2 (en) * 1985-07-10 1987-01-14 Hohe Kg Anti-glare interior vehicle mirror with electro-optical control
EP0208008A3 (en) * 1985-07-10 1987-03-25 Hohe Kg Anti-glare interior vehicle mirror with electro-optical control
US4948242A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-08-14 Donnelly Mirrors Limited Vehicle rearview mirror assembly
US5572354A (en) * 1993-03-19 1996-11-05 Donnelly Mirrors, Ltd. Rearview mirror support bracket with retaining protrusion, rearview mirror case and reflective element
US5820245A (en) * 1995-12-11 1998-10-13 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly
US6000823A (en) * 1995-12-11 1999-12-14 Donnelly Mirrors Limited Rearview mirror assembly
US6183119B1 (en) 1995-12-11 2001-02-06 Donnelly Corporation Lighted vehicular mirror assembly
CN106828318A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-06-13 比亚迪股份有限公司 The control method of vehicle-carrying display screen, device and vehicle

Also Published As

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