US9805772B1 - Apparatuses and methods to selectively perform logical operations - Google Patents

Apparatuses and methods to selectively perform logical operations Download PDF

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US9805772B1
US9805772B1 US15298798 US201615298798A US9805772B1 US 9805772 B1 US9805772 B1 US 9805772B1 US 15298798 US15298798 US 15298798 US 201615298798 A US201615298798 A US 201615298798A US 9805772 B1 US9805772 B1 US 9805772B1
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storage location
logical operation
sense amplifier
compute component
stored
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Daniel B. Penney
Harish N. Venkata
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Micron Technology Inc
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Micron Technology Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C7/00Arrangements for writing information into, or reading information out from, a digital store
    • G11C7/06Sense amplifiers; Associated circuits, e.g. timing or triggering circuits
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C11/00Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor
    • G11C11/21Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using electric elements
    • G11C11/34Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using electric elements using semiconductor devices
    • G11C11/40Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using electric elements using semiconductor devices using transistors
    • G11C11/401Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using electric elements using semiconductor devices using transistors forming cells needing refreshing or charge regeneration, i.e. dynamic cells
    • G11C11/4063Auxiliary circuits, e.g. for addressing, decoding, driving, writing, sensing or timing
    • G11C11/407Auxiliary circuits, e.g. for addressing, decoding, driving, writing, sensing or timing for memory cells of the field-effect type
    • G11C11/409Read-write [R-W] circuits 
    • G11C11/4091Sense or sense/refresh amplifiers, or associated sense circuitry, e.g. for coupled bit-line precharging, equalising or isolating
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C7/00Arrangements for writing information into, or reading information out from, a digital store
    • G11C7/06Sense amplifiers; Associated circuits, e.g. timing or triggering circuits
    • G11C7/065Differential amplifiers of latching type
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C7/00Arrangements for writing information into, or reading information out from, a digital store
    • G11C7/10Input/output [I/O] data interface arrangements, e.g. I/O data control circuits, I/O data buffers
    • G11C7/1006Data managing, e.g. manipulating data before writing or reading out, data bus switches or control circuits therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C8/00Arrangements for selecting an address in a digital store
    • G11C8/12Group selection circuits, e.g. for memory block selections, chip selection, array selection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K19/00Logic circuits, i.e. having at least two inputs acting on one output; Inverting circuits
    • H03K19/20Logic circuits, i.e. having at least two inputs acting on one output; Inverting circuits characterised by logic function, e.g. AND, OR, NOR, NOT circuits
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C2207/00Indexing scheme relating to arrangements for writing information into, or reading information out from, a digital store
    • G11C2207/002Isolation gates, i.e. gates coupling bit lines to the sense amplifier
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C2207/00Indexing scheme relating to arrangements for writing information into, or reading information out from, a digital store
    • G11C2207/005Transfer gates, i.e. gates coupling the sense amplifier output to data lines, I/O lines or global bit lines

Abstract

The present disclosure includes apparatuses and methods related to selectively performing logical operations. An example apparatus comprises sensing circuitry including a sense amplifier and a compute component. A controller is coupled to sensing circuitry and is configured to cause storing of an indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed between an operand stored in the sensing circuitry and an operand stored in the sense amplifier.

Description

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present disclosure relates generally to semiconductor memory and methods, and more particularly, to apparatuses and methods related to selectively performing logical operations.

BACKGROUND

Memory devices are typically provided as internal, semiconductor, integrated circuits in computing systems. There are many different types of memory including volatile and non-volatile memory. Volatile memory can require power to maintain its data (e.g., host data, error data, etc.) and includes random access memory (RAM), dynamic random access memory (DRAM), static random access memory (SRAM), synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM), and thyristor random access memory (TRAM), among others. Non-volatile memory can provide persistent data by retaining stored data when not powered and can include NAND flash memory, NOR flash memory, and resistance variable memory such as phase change random access memory (PCRAM), resistive random access memory (RRAM), and magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM), such as spin torque transfer random access memory (STT RAM), among others.

Computing systems often include a number of processing resources (e.g., one or more processors), which may retrieve and execute instructions and store the results of the executed instructions to a suitable location. A processing resource can comprise a number of functional units such as arithmetic logic unit (ALU) circuitry, floating point unit (FPU) circuitry, and a combinatorial logic block, for example, which can be used to execute instructions by performing logical operations such as AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, and XOR, and invert (e.g., inversion) logical operations on data (e.g., one or more operands). For example, functional unit circuitry may be used to perform arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division on operands via a number of logical operations.

A number of components in a computing system may be involved in providing instructions to the functional unit circuitry for execution. The instructions may be executed, for instance, by a processing resource such as a controller and/or host processor. Data (e.g., the operands on which the instructions will be executed) may be stored in a memory array that is accessible by the functional unit circuitry. The instructions and data may be retrieved from the memory array and sequenced and/or buffered before the functional unit circuitry begins to execute instructions on the data. Furthermore, as different types of operations may be executed in one or multiple clock cycles through the functional unit circuitry, intermediate results of the instructions and data may also be sequenced and/or buffered.

In many instances, the processing resources (e.g., processor and/or associated functional unit circuitry) may be external to the memory array, and data is accessed via a bus between the processing resources and the memory array to execute a set of instructions. Processing performance may be improved in a processing-in-memory (PIM) device, in which a processing resource may be implemented internal and/or near to a memory (e.g., directly on a same chip as the memory array). A PIM device may reduce time in processing and may also conserve power. Data movement between and within arrays and/or subarrays of various memory devices, such as PIM devices, can affect processing time and/or power consumption.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an apparatus in the form of a computing system including a memory device in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a portion of a memory array including sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating a portion of a memory array including compute component comprising selection logic circuitry and compute component storage location(s)/shift logic circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 4 is another schematic diagram illustrating a portion of a memory array including compute component comprising selection logic circuitry and compute component storage location(s)/shift logic circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 5 is another schematic diagram illustrating a portion of a memory array including compute component comprising selection logic circuitry and compute component storage location(s)/shift logic circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram illustrating sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 7A is a logic table illustrating selectable logical operation results implemented by sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 7B is another logic table illustrating selectable logical operation results implemented by sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 8 is a table illustrating selective performance of a logical operation in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 9 is a timing diagram for performing a selected logical operation in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 10 illustrates an example configuration of sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The present disclosure includes apparatuses and methods related to performing masking of logical operations. An example apparatus comprises sensing circuitry including a sense amplifier and a compute component. A controller is coupled to the sensing circuitry and is configured to cause storing of an indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed between an operand stored in the sensing circuitry and an operand stored in the sense amplifier. As used herein, “sensing circuitry” includes a sense amplifier and a compute component. In some embodiments, sensing circuitry may include one or more storage locations associated therewith. For example, sensing circuitry may include one or more latches configured to store a data value (e.g., an operand). In a number of embodiments, compute component circuitry may include one or more storage locations (e.g., compute component storage locations) associated therewith. For example, compute component circuitry may include one or more latches configured to store an operand (e.g., a data value which may serve as an input to a logical operation). As described further herein, the sensing circuitry can be formed on pitch with sense lines (e.g., digit lines) of an array.

In a number of embodiments, sensing circuitry coupled to respective columns of an array can be referred to as sensing components (e.g., with each sensing component comprising a sense amplifier and corresponding compute component). The sensing components can be controlled to perform various operations (e.g., logical operations) on a per column basis. For instance, in a number of embodiments, the sensing components corresponding to respect columns (e.g., pairs of complementary digit lines) can serve as respective processing resources (e.g, 1-bit processing elements). A number of embodiments of the present disclosure can provide benefits such as restricting (e.g., masking) particular logical operations comprising a logical computation to a selected group of bits in the memory device to limit power consumption and/or an amount of time consumed in performing logical operations be selectively performing such logical operations. In some embodiments, selectively performing logical operations may reduce a number of row operations associated with performing a logical operation, which may increase performance and/or efficiency of the memory device.

Some approaches to performing logical operations in a memory device can include performing multiple row cycles to perform logical operations. For example, in some approaches, multiple row cycles may be used to perform operations (e.g., Boolean logical operations) by transferring a mask, operand, and/or resultant data between rows of a memory device. As used herein, a “mask” is one or more data values that provide an indication of whether a logical operation is to be performed between a first operand stored in sensing circuitry and a second operand stored in sensing circuitry.

In contrast, embodiments of the present disclosure include providing dedicated circuitry in the sensing components to store logical operation masking data locally, which can reduce the number of row cycles associated with some approaches to logical operation masking. In some embodiments, the dedicated circuitry may be provided such that an impact to the size of the die is minimized.

In some embodiments, a sensing component may be connected to another sensing component such that data values (e.g., bits) may be moved (e.g., shifted) from one sensing component to another sensing component. Shifting data values between one sensing component and another sensing component may be done synchronously such that a first sensing component receives a data value from a second sensing component as the second sensing component passes its data value to a third sensing component. In some embodiments, shifting data between sensing components can facilitate various processing functions such as the multiplication, addition, etc. of two data values (e.g., operands).

In some approaches, data values that are used as operands to perform logical operations in sensing circuitry have been stored using a dynamic capacitance associated with a latch on which the data value is stored. Embodiments of the present disclosure may alleviate lost charge, leaked charge, and/or charge coupling, which may affect storing data values using dynamic capacitance, by providing one or more active storage locations (e.g., static latches). For example, some embodiments can allow for selectively performing logical operations in sensing circuitry without depending upon (or relying on) dynamic capacitance, and instead may allow for data values to be actively held (e.g., latched).

In the following detailed description of the present disclosure, reference is made to the accompanying drawings that form a part hereof, and in which is shown by way of illustration how one or more embodiments of the disclosure may be practiced. These embodiments are described in sufficient detail to enable those of ordinary skill in the art to practice the embodiments of this disclosure, and it is to be understood that other embodiments may be utilized and that process, electrical, and/or structural changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present disclosure. As used herein, designators such as “n”, particularly with respect to reference numerals in the drawings, indicate that a number of the particular feature so designated can be included. As used herein, “a number of” a particular thing refers to one or more of such things (e.g., a number of memory arrays can refer to one or more memory arrays). A “plurality of” is intended to refer to more than one of such things.

The figures herein follow a numbering convention in which the first digit or digits correspond to the drawing figure number and the remaining digits identify an element or component in the drawing. Similar elements or components between different figures may be identified by the use of similar digits. For example, 150 may reference element “50” in FIG. 1, and a similar element may be referenced as 250 in FIG. 2. As will be appreciated, elements shown in the various embodiments herein can be added, exchanged, and/or eliminated so as to provide a number of additional embodiments of the present disclosure. In addition, as will be appreciated, the proportion and the relative scale of the elements provided in the figures are intended to illustrate certain embodiments of the present invention, and should not be taken in a limiting sense.

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an apparatus in the form of a computing system 100 including a memory device 120 in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. As used herein, a memory device 120, controller 140, channel controller 143, memory array 130, and/or sensing circuitry 150 might also be separately considered an “apparatus.”

System 100 includes a host 111 coupled (e.g., connected) to memory device 120, which includes a memory array 130. Host 111 can be a host system such as a personal laptop computer, a desktop computer, a digital camera, a smart phone, or a memory card reader, among various other types of hosts. Host 111 can include a system motherboard and/or backplane and can include a number of processing resources (e.g., one or more processors, microprocessors, or some other type of controlling circuitry). The system 100 can include separate integrated circuits or both the host 111 and the memory device 120 can be part of a same integrated circuit (e.g., on a same chip). The system 100 can be, for instance, a server system and/or a high performance computing (HPC) system and/or a portion thereof. Although the example shown in FIG. 1 illustrates a system having a Von Neumann architecture, embodiments of the present disclosure can be implemented in non-Von Neumann architectures, which may not include one or more components (e.g., CPU, ALU, etc.) often associated with a Von Neumann architecture.

For clarity, the system 100 has been simplified to focus on features with particular relevance to the present disclosure. The memory array 130 can be a DRAM array, SRAM array, STT RAM array, PCRAM array, TRAM array, RRAM array, NAND flash array, and/or NOR flash array, for instance. The array 130 can comprise memory cells arranged in rows coupled by access lines, which may be referred to herein as word lines or select lines, and columns coupled by sense lines, which may be referred to herein as data lines or digit lines. Although a single array 130 is shown in FIG. 1, embodiments are not so limited. For instance, memory device 120 may include a number of arrays 130 (e.g., a number of banks of DRAM cells, NAND flash cells, etc.).

The memory device 120 includes address circuitry 142 to latch address signals for data provided over a bus 156 (e.g., a data/address bus) through I/O circuitry 144. Status and/or exception information can be provided from the controller 140 on the memory device 120 to a channel controller 143, through a high speed interface (HSI) including an out-of-band bus 157, which in turn can be provided from the channel controller 143 to the host 111. Address signals are received through address circuitry 142 and decoded by a row decoder 146 and a column decoder 152 to access the memory array 130. Data can be read from memory array 130 by sensing voltage and/or current changes on the digit lines using sensing circuitry 150. The sensing circuitry 150 can read and latch a page (e.g., row) of data from the memory array 130. The I/O circuitry 144 can be used for bi-directional data communication with host 111 over the bus 156. The write circuitry 148 can be used to write data to the memory array 130.

Controller 140 (e.g., memory controller) decodes signals provided by control bus 154 from the host 111. These signals can include chip enable signals, write enable signals, and address latch signals that are used to control operations performed on the memory array 130, including data read, data write, and data erase operations. In various embodiments, the controller 140 is responsible for executing instructions from the host 111 and sequencing access to the array 130. The controller 140 can be a state machine, sequencer, or some other type of controller and include hardware and/or firmware (e.g., microcode instructions) in the form of an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC). In some embodiments, the controller 140 may include cache 171. The controller 140 can control, for example, sensing circuitry in accordance with embodiments described herein. For example, the controller 140 can control generation of clock signals and application of the clock signals to compute components in association with performing logical operations and/or data shifting operations.

As described further below, in a number of embodiments, the sensing circuitry 150 can comprise a plurality of sensing components, which can each include a sense amplifier and a compute component. The compute component may also be referred to herein as an accumulator, and can be used to perform logical operations (e.g., on data associated with complementary digit lines). According to various embodiments, the compute component can comprise a number of storage locations (e.g., latches) that can serve as stages of a shift register, for example. In a number of embodiments, the sensing circuitry 150 can be used to perform logical operations using data stored in array 130 as inputs and/or store the results of the logical operations back to the array 130 without transferring data via a digit line address access (e.g., without firing a column decode signal). For instance, various operations (e.g., compute functions) can be performed using, and within, sensing circuitry 150 rather than (or in association with) being performed by processing resources external to the sensing circuitry (e.g., by a processing resource associated with host 111 and/or other processing circuitry, such as ALU circuitry, located on device 120 (e.g., on controller 140 or elsewhere)).

In various previous approaches, data associated with an operand, for instance, would be read from memory via sensing circuitry and provided to external ALU circuitry via I/O lines (e.g., via local I/O lines and/or global I/O lines). The external ALU circuitry could include a number of registers and would perform compute functions using the operands, and the result would be transferred back to the array via the I/O lines. In contrast, in a number of embodiments of the present disclosure, sensing circuitry 150 is configured to perform logical operations on data stored in memory array 130 and store the result back to the memory array 130 without enabling an I/O line (e.g., a local I/O line) coupled to the sensing circuitry 150. The sensing circuitry 150 can be formed on pitch with the memory cells of the array. An example configuration of the sensing circuitry 150 being formed on pitch is illustrated in FIG. 7. Additional logic circuitry 170 can be coupled to the sensing circuitry 150 and can be used to store (e.g., cache and/or buffer) results of operations described herein.

In a number of embodiments, circuitry external to array 130 and sensing circuitry 150 is not needed to perform compute functions as the sensing circuitry 150 can perform the appropriate logical operations to perform such compute functions without the use of an external processing resource. Therefore, the sensing circuitry 150 may be used to compliment and/or to replace, at least to some extent, such an external processing resource (or at least the bandwidth consumption of such an external processing resource).

However, in a number of embodiments, the sensing circuitry 150 may be used to perform logical operations (e.g., to execute instructions) in addition to logical operations performed by an external processing resource (e.g., host 111). For instance, host 111 and/or sensing circuitry 150 may be limited to performing only certain logical operations and/or a certain number of logical operations.

Enabling an I/O line can include enabling (e.g., turning on) a transistor having a gate coupled to a decode signal (e.g., a column decode signal) and a source/drain coupled to the I/O line. However, embodiments are not limited to performing logical operations using sensing circuitry (e.g., 150) without enabling column decode lines of the array. Whether or not local I/O lines are used in association with performing logical operations via sensing circuitry 150, the local I/O line(s) may be enabled in order to transfer a result to a suitable location other than back to the array 130 (e.g., to an external register).

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating a portion of a memory array 230 including sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. FIG. 2 illustrates one sensing component 250 which can be one of a number of sensing components corresponding to sensing circuitry 150 shown in FIG. 1. In the example shown in FIG. 2, the memory array 230 is a DRAM array of 1T1C (one transistor one capacitor) memory cells in which a transistor serves as the access device and a capacitor serves as the storage element; although other embodiments of configurations can be used (e.g., 2T2C with two transistors and two capacitors per memory cell). In this example, a first memory cell comprises transistor 202-1 and capacitor 203-1, and a second memory cell comprises transistor 202-2 and capacitor 203-2, etc.

The cells of the memory array 230 can be arranged in rows coupled by access lines 204-X (Row X), 204-Y (Row Y), etc., and columns coupled by pairs of complementary digit lines (e.g., digit lines 205-1 labelled DIGIT(n) and 205-2 labelled DIGIT(n)_ in FIG. 2). Although only one pair of complementary digit lines are shown in FIG. 2, embodiments of the present disclosure are not so limited, and an array of memory cells can include additional columns of memory cells and complementary digit lines (e.g., 4,096, 8,192, 16,384, etc.).

Memory cells can be coupled to different digit lines and word lines. For instance, in this example, a first source/drain region of transistor 202-1 is coupled to digit line 205-1, a second source/drain region of transistor 202-1 is coupled to capacitor 203-1, and a gate of transistor 202-1 is coupled to word line 204-Y. A first source/drain region of transistor 202-2 is coupled to digit line 205-2, a second source/drain region of transistor 202-2 is coupled to capacitor 203-2, and a gate of transistor 202-2 is coupled to word line 204-X. A cell plate, as shown in FIG. 2, can be coupled to each of capacitors 203-1 and 203-2. The cell plate can be a common node to which a reference voltage (e.g., ground) can be applied in various memory array configurations.

The digit lines 205-1 and 205-2 of memory array 230 are coupled to sensing component 250 in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. In this example, the sensing component 250 comprises a sense amplifier 206 and a compute component 231 corresponding to a respective column of memory cells (e.g., coupled to a respective pair of complementary digit lines). The sense amplifier 206 is coupled to the pair of complementary digit lines 205-1 and 205-2. The sense amplifier 206 is coupled to the compute component 231. In this example, the compute component 231 includes selection logic circuitry 213 and compute component storage locations/shift logic circuitry 221, which are coupled via accumulator signal lines 209-1 and 209-2. As used herein, “selection logic” can include logical operation selection logic, for example, logic selectively operated to perform selected logical operations (e.g., Boolean logical operations). The selection logic circuitry 213 can be coupled to the pair of complementary digit lines 205-1 and 205-2 and configured to perform logical operations on data stored in array 230. In a number of embodiments, compute component 231 can be formed on pitch with the digit lines of the array. For example, the compute component 231 may conform to a same pitch as adjacent digit lines of the array 230 such that the compute component 231 and the sense amplifier 206 obey a particular sense line pitch constraint (e.g., 4F, 6F, etc., where “F” is a feature size).

The sense amplifier 206 can be operated to determine a data value (e.g., logic state) stored in a selected memory cell. The sense amplifier 206 can comprise a cross coupled latch 215 (e.g., gates of a pair of transistors, such as n-channel transistors 227-1 and 227-2 are cross coupled with the gates of another pair of transistors, such as p-channel transistors 229-1 and 229-2), which can be referred to herein as a primary latch. However, embodiments are not limited to this example.

In operation, when a memory cell is being sensed (e.g., read), the voltage on one of the digit lines 205-1 or 205-2 will be slightly greater than the voltage on the other one of digit lines 205-1 or 205-2. An ACT signal and an RNL* signal can be activated (e.g., ACT is driven high to a rail voltage such as VDD and RNL* is driven low to a rail voltage such as ground) to enable (e.g., fire) the sense amplifier 206. The digit line 205-1 or 205-2 having the lower voltage will turn on one of the transistors 229-1 or 229-2 to a greater extent than the other of transistors 229-1 or 229-2, thereby driving high the digit line 205-1 or 205-2 having the higher voltage to a greater extent than the other digit line 205-1 or 205-2 is driven high.

Similarly, the digit line 205-1 or 205-2 having the higher voltage will turn on one of the transistors 227-1 or 227-2 to a greater extent than the other of the transistors 227-1 or 227-2, thereby driving low the digit line 205-1 or 205-2 having the lower voltage to a greater extent than the other digit line 205-1 or 205-2 is driven low. As a result, after a short delay, the digit line 205-1 or 205-2 having the slightly greater voltage is driven to the voltage of the supply voltage VDD through a source transistor, and the other digit line 205-1 or 205-2 is driven to the voltage of the reference voltage (e.g., ground) through a sink transistor. Therefore, the cross coupled transistors 227-1 and 227-2 and transistors 229-1 and 229-2 serve as a sense amplifier pair, which amplify the differential voltage on the digit lines 205-1 and 205-2 and operate to store (e.g., latch) a data value sensed from the selected memory cell.

Embodiments are not limited to the sensing component configuration illustrated in FIG. 2. As an example, the sense amplifier 206 can be a current-mode sense amplifier and/or a single-ended sense amplifier (e.g., sense amplifier coupled to one digit line). Also, embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited to a folded digit line architecture such as that shown in FIG. 2.

In this example, the sense amplifier 206 includes equilibration circuitry 214, which can be configured to equilibrate the digit lines 205-1 and 205-2. The equilibration circuitry 214 comprises a transistor 224 coupled between digit lines 205-1 and 205-2. The equilibration circuitry 214 also comprises transistors 225-1 and 225-2 each having a first source/drain region coupled to an equilibration voltage (e.g., VDD/2), where VDD is a supply voltage associated with the array. A second source/drain region of transistor 225-1 is coupled to digit line 205-1, and a second source/drain region of transistor 225-2 is coupled to digit line 205-2. Gates of transistors 224, 225-1, and 225-2 can be coupled together and to an equilibration (EQ) control signal line 226. As such, activating EQ enables the transistors 224, 225-1, and 225-2, which effectively shorts digit lines 205-1 and 205-2 together and to the equilibration voltage (e.g., VDD/2). Although FIG. 2 shows sense amplifier 206 comprising the equilibration circuitry 214, embodiments are not so limited, and the equilibration circuitry 214 may be implemented discretely from the sense amplifier 206, implemented in a different configuration than that shown in FIG. 2, or not implemented at all.

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating a portion of a memory array including compute component 331 comprising selection logic circuitry 313 and compute component storage location(s)/shift logic circuitry 321 in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. Although not shown, memory cells, such as those described in FIG. 2, are coupled to pairs of complementary sense lines (e.g., digit lines 305-1 and 305-2). The selection logic circuitry 313 illustrated in FIG. 3 is an example of logic circuitry that can be used to perform operations in accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure. In this example, the selection logic circuitry 313 comprises four pairs of transistors 373-1/373-2, 375-1/375-2, 377-1/377-2, and 379-1/379-2 coupled to the pair of complementary digit lines 305-1 and 305-2 via their source/drain regions. The gates of the transistor pairs 373-1/373-2, 375-1/375-2, 377-1/377-2, and 379-1/379-2 are configured to receive respective selection logic signals BOOL0, BOOL1, BOOL2, and BOOL3. The selection logic signals can be selectively operated to perform logical operations using the sensing circuitry as described in more detail with respect to FIGS. 7A-7B.

In the example shown in FIG. 3, a first source/drain region of transistor 373-1 is coupled to sense line 305-1 and a first source/drain region of transistor 373-2 is coupled to sense line 305-2, a first source/drain region of transistor 375-1 is coupled to sense line 305-2 and a first source/drain region of transistor 375-2 is coupled to sense line 305-1, a first source/drain region of transistor 377-1 is coupled to sense line 305-1 and a first source/drain region of transistor 377-2 is coupled to sense line 305-2, and a first source/drain region of transistor 379-1 is coupled to sense line 305-2 and a first source/drain region of transistor 379-2 is coupled to sense line 305-1.

The selection logic circuitry 313 can be coupled to the compute component 331 and/or compute component storage location(s)/shift logical circuitry 321 via the first storage location lines 309-1 and 309-2 and/or the second storage location lines 310-1 and 310-2. The compute component 331 can be analogous to the compute component 631 illustrated in FIG. 6 and discussed in more detail herein. The first storage location lines 309-1 and 309-2 can be coupled to source drain regions of transistors other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. In some embodiments, the second storage location line 310-1 can couple node 364 of the compute component 331 (shown in detail as the compute component 631 in FIG. 6) to gates and source drain regions of transistors (e.g., transistor 308-1) other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. The second storage location line 310-2 can couple node 366 of the compute component 331 (shown in detail as the compute component 631 in FIG. 6) to gates and source drain regions of transistors (e.g., transistor 308-2) other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. In some embodiments, a source/drain region of each of the transistors 308-1 and 308-2 can be coupled to a reference voltage (e.g., Vss).

In some embodiments, the two n-channel transistors 308-1 and 308-2 may be operated to cause nodes 364 and 366 to be grounded when a logical mask value is low, thereby selectively disabling a logical operation for a respective sensing circuitry. In some embodiments, a p-channel transistor 334 is provided to reduce contention between nodes 364 and 366 as they are brought to ground, for example. In some embodiments, an n-channel transistor 336 may be provided to globally clear stored logical operation values simultaneously.

If a first storage location (e.g., first storage location 633 illustrated in FIG. 6) is the destination of the logical operation, the original state of the first storage location may be held dynamically by capacitance when the SHIFT 1 control signal line (e.g., SHIFT1 control signal line 681 illustrated in FIG. 6) and the SHIFT 2 control signal line (e.g., SHIFT1 control signal line 682 illustrated in FIG. 6) are disabled. This may allow for a possible new state to be written from selection logic circuitry 313, for example via first storage location signal lines 309-1 and 309-2.

In some embodiments, depending on the logical operation and the state of the sense amplifier operand, the first storage location signal lines 309-1 and 309-2 may not be driven from the selection logic circuitry 313 such that the original value of the first storage location 633 may be preserved when the SHIFT 1 control signal line 681 and the SHIFT 2 control signal line 682 are enabled as part of the logical operation. This may allow for a signal on nodes 364 and 366 to be held by dynamic capacitance, for example.

In some embodiments, the selection logic circuitry 313 and/or the compute component 331 can include logic circuitry storage location 332. Logic circuitry storage location 332 may be configured to actively store (e.g., latch) a data value received thereto. For example, logic circuitry storage location 332 can comprise a latch that can be configured to receive a data value from the first storage location 633, and may actively store the data value. In some embodiments, logic circuitry storage location 332 can store an indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed between an operand stored in the sensing circuitry and an operand stored in the sense amplifier.

FIG. 4 is another schematic diagram illustrating a portion of a memory array including compute component 431 comprising selection logic circuitry 413 and compute component storage location(s)/shift logic circuitry 421 in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. Although not shown, memory cells, such as those described in FIG. 2, are coupled to pairs of complementary sense lines (e.g., digit lines 405-1 and 405-2). The selection logic circuitry 413 illustrated in FIG. 4 is an example of logic circuitry that can be used to perform operations in accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure. In this example, the selection logic circuitry 413 comprises four pairs of transistors 473-1/473-2, 475-1/475-2, 477-1/477-2, and 479-1/479-2 coupled to the pair of complementary digit lines 405-1 and 405-2 via their source/drain regions. The gates of the transistor pairs 473-1/473-2, 475-1/475-2, 477-1/477-2, and 479-1/479-2 are configured to receive respective selection logic signals BOOL0, BOOL1, BOOL2, and BOOL3. The selection logic signals can be selectively operated to perform logical operations using the sensing circuitry as described in more detail with respect to FIGS. 7A-7B.

In the example shown in FIG. 4, a first source/drain region of transistor 473-1 is coupled to sense line 405-1 and a first source/drain region of transistor 473-2 is coupled to sense line 405-2, a first source/drain region of transistor 475-1 is coupled to sense line 405-2 and a first source/drain region of transistor 475-2 is coupled to sense line 405-1, a first source/drain region of transistor 477-1 is coupled to sense line 405-1 and a first source/drain region of transistor 477-2 is coupled to sense line 405-2, and a first source/drain region of transistor 479-1 is coupled to sense line 405-2 and a first source/drain region of transistor 479-2 is coupled to sense line 405-1.

The selection logic circuitry 413 can be coupled to the compute component 431 via the first storage location lines 409-1 and 409-2 and/or the second storage location lines 410-1 and 410-2. The compute component 431 can be analogous to the compute component 631 illustrated in FIG. 6 and discussed in more detail herein. In some embodiments, the first storage location lines 409-1 and 409-2 can be coupled to source drain regions of transistors other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. The second storage location line 410-1 can couple node 464 of the compute component 431 to gates and source drain regions of transistors (e.g., 408-1) other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. The second storage location line 410-2 can couple node 466 of the compute component 431 to gates and source drain regions of transistors (e.g., transistor 408-2) other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. A terminal of each of the transistors 408-1 and 408-2 can be coupled to a reference voltage (e.g., Vss).

In some approaches, space limitations and/or layout difficulties may arise due to insufficient routing paths between the selection logic circuitry 413 and compute component 431. In some embodiments, these limitations and/or difficulties may be alleviated by adding an active area to the selection logic circuitry 413. For example, space limitations and/or layout difficulties associated with selectively performing logical operations may be alleviated by providing the selection logic circuitry 413 with a mask storage location 441, as illustrated in FIG. 4.

In some embodiments, a p-channel transistor 434 is provided to reduce contention between nodes 464 and 466 as they are discharged to ground. In some embodiments, n-channel transistor 436 may be provided to globally clear stored logical operation values simultaneously. As illustrated in FIG. 4, the selection logic circuitry 413 may include a logic circuitry storage location 432, and a mask storage location 441. In some embodiments, the mask storage location 441 may be coupled to the p-channel transistor 434 at a source drain region of the p-channel transistor 434.

In some embodiments, the configuration illustrated in FIG. 4 may allow for data values to be masked (e.g., data values with which logical operations are to be selectively performed) to be transferred between the logic selection circuitry 413 and the compute component 431 using first storage location lines 409-1 and 409-2 and/or the pair of complimentary digit lines 405-1 and 405-2. By using first storage location lines 409-1 and 409-2 and/or the pair of complimentary digit lines 405-1 and 405-2 to transfer data values to be masked between the logic selection circuitry 413 and the compute component 431, operations may be performed in less time compared to some approaches.

FIG. 5 is yet another schematic diagram illustrating a portion of a memory array including compute component 531 comprising selection logic circuitry 513 and compute component storage location(s)/shift logic circuitry 521 in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. Although not shown, memory cells, such as those described in FIG. 2, are coupled to pairs of complementary sense lines (e.g., digit lines 505-1 and 505-2). The selection logic circuitry 513 illustrated in FIG. 5 is an example of logic circuitry that can be used to perform operations in accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure. In this example, the selection logic circuitry 513 comprises four pairs of transistors 573-1/573-2, 575-1/575-2, 577-1/577-2, and 579-1/579-2 coupled to the pair of complementary digit lines 505-1 and 505-2 via their source/drain regions. The gates of the transistor pairs 573-1/573-2, 575-1/575-2, 577-1/577-2, and 579-1/579-2 are configured to receive respective selection logic signals BOOL0, BOOL1, BOOL2, and BOOL3. The selection logic signals can be selectively operated to perform logical operations using the sensing circuitry as described in more detail with respect to FIGS. 7A-7B.

In the example shown in FIG. 5, a first source/drain region of transistor 573-1 is coupled to sense line 505-1 and a first source/drain region of transistor 573-2 is coupled to sense line 505-2, a first source/drain region of transistor 575-1 is coupled to sense line 505-2 and a first source/drain region of transistor 575-2 is coupled to sense line 505-1, a first source/drain region of transistor 577-1 is coupled to sense line 505-1 and a first source/drain region of transistor 577-2 is coupled to sense line 505-2, and a first source/drain region of transistor 579-1 is coupled to sense line 505-2 and a first source/drain region of transistor 579-2 is coupled to sense line 505-1.

The selection logic circuitry 513 can be coupled to the compute component 531 via the first storage location lines 509-1 and 509-2 and the second storage location lines 510-1 and 510-2. The compute component 531 can be analogous to the compute component 631 illustrated in FIG. 6 and discussed in more detail herein. The first storage location lines 509-1 and 509-2 can be coupled to source drain regions of transistors other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. The second storage location line 510-1 can couple node 564 of the compute component 531 to gates and source drain regions of transistors (e.g., 508-1) other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. The second storage location line 510-2 can couple node 566 of the compute component 531 to gates and source drain regions of transistors (e.g., transistor 508-2) other than the four pairs of transistors previously described. A terminal of each of the transistors 508-1 and 508-2 can be coupled to a reference voltage (e.g., Vss).

In some embodiments, the selection logic circuitry 513 and/or the compute component 531 can include logic circuitry storage location 532. Logic circuitry storage location 532 may be configured to actively store (e.g., latch) a data value received thereto. For example, logic circuitry storage location 532 can comprise a latch that can be configured to receive a data value from the first storage location 633, and may actively store the data value. In some embodiments, logic circuitry storage location 532 can store an indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed between an operand stored in the sensing circuitry and an operand stored in the sense amplifier.

As illustrated in FIG. 5, a column repair (ColRep) signal line can be connected to node 564 and/or node 566. In some embodiments, a signal may be provided on ColRep signal line to provide a column repair signal that may be used to provide a repair capability by blocking signals carried on the first storage location lines 509-1 and 509-2 and/or the second storage location lines 510-1 and 510-2. For example, a signal may be provided on ColRep signal line to block signals carried on the first storage location lines 509-1 and 509-2 and/or the second storage location lines 510-1 and 510-2 to remove (e.g., short) sense amplifier 506 and/or compute component 531 such that sense amplifier 506 and/or compute component 531 are effectively removed from a particular sensing component.

In some embodiments, ColRep signal line is connected to physically adjacent storage locations (e.g., storage locations 633 and 635 illustrated in FIG. 6) that are connected to a same main input/output (MIO) signal line (not shown). The MIO signal line may be connected to the physically adjacent storage locations via a multiplexer that may be configured to multiplex column select signals to the MIO. In some embodiments, signals may be provided to the ColRep signal line during shifting operations, but may not be utilized while logical operations are performed.

In some embodiments, the lack of signals on the ColRep signal line during performance of logical operations allows for the ColRep signal line to be used when a column repair signal is not active on ColRep signal line to facilitate selective performance of logical operations. For example, an indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed may be sent via ColRep signal line when shifting signals are not present on ColRep signal line. In some embodiments, the indication can be an indication that a logical operation is not to be performed between an operand stored in the sensing circuitry (e.g., an operand stored in a storage location associated with the compute component 531) and an operand stored in the sense amplifier 506.

In some embodiments, ColRep signal may be multiplexed to a plurality of compute components 531 such that a signal on ColRep signal line is sent to a plurality of storage locations associated with a plurality of compute components 531. For example, ColRep signal may be multiplexed to eight compute components 531. In some embodiments, ColRep signal can provide the indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed to a portion of a row of memory array (e.g., about 2K bits per ColRep signal).

FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram illustrating sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. FIG. 6 shows a number of sense amplifiers 606 coupled to respective pairs of complementary sense lines 605-1 and 605-2, and a corresponding number of compute components 631 coupled to the sense amplifiers 606. The sense amplifiers 606 and compute components 631 shown in FIG. 6 can correspond to sensing circuitry 150 shown in FIG. 1, for example. The sensing circuitry shown in FIG. 6 includes selection logic circuitry 613, which can be operated as described further herein. The selection logic circuitry 613 shown in FIG. 6 can correspond to selection logic circuitry 213 shown in FIG. 2 or selection logic circuitry 313/413/513 shown in FIGS. 3, 4, and 5, for example.

Although not shown, memory cells, such as those described in FIG. 2, are coupled to the pairs of complementary sense lines 605-1 and 605-2 The cells of the memory array can be arranged in rows coupled by word lines and columns coupled by pairs of complementary sense lines DIGIT(n−1)/DIGIT(n−1)_, DIGIT(n)/DIGIT(n)_, DIGIT(n+1)/DIGIT(n+1)_, etc. The individual sense lines corresponding to each pair of complementary sense lines can also be referred to as data lines. Although only three pairs of complementary sense lines (e.g., three columns) are shown in FIG. 6, embodiments of the present disclosure are not so limited.

As shown in FIG. 6, the sensing components can comprise a sense amplifier 606 and a compute component 631, which comprises selection logic circuitry 613 and compute component storage locations/shift logic circuitry 621 corresponding to respective columns of memory cells (e.g., coupled to respective pairs of complementary sense lines). The compute component 631 may include storage location 632. Although storage location 632 is illustrated as part of the selection logic circuitry 613, embodiments are not so limited, and storage location 632 can be located at other locations within the compute component 631. Storage location 632 may be a cross-coupled latch, D latch, or other circuit configuration capable of storing an operand (e.g., a data value). The sense amplifier 606 can comprise, for example, a cross coupled latch, which can be referred to herein as a primary latch. The sense amplifiers 606 can be configured, for example, as described with respect to FIG. 2.

A data value present on the pair of complementary sense lines 605-1 and 605-2 can be loaded into the corresponding compute component 631. In some embodiments, the compute component storage locations/shift logic circuitry 621 can include a pair of compute component storage locations (e.g., first compute component storage location 633 and second compute component storage location 635) associated with each compute component 631. In some embodiments, the first compute component storage location 633 and the second compute component storage location 635 can comprise stages of a shift register. For example, in at least one embodiment, the compute component storage locations (e.g., first compute component storage location 633 and second compute component storage location 635) can serve as respective stages of a shift register capable of shifting data values (e.g., right and/or left) and/or performing rotation operations (e.g., rotate right and/or rotate left). As an example, the data values can be loaded into the compute component storage locations of a corresponding compute component 631 by overwriting of the data values currently stored in the compute component storage locations of the corresponding compute components 631 with a data value stored in the corresponding sense amplifier 606. The data value on the pair of complementary sense lines 605-1 and 605-2 can be the data value stored in the sense amplifier 606 when the sense amplifier is enabled (e.g., fired).

In some embodiments, a first latching/activation signal ACT is applied to the two p-channel transistors 651-1 and 651-2 of the first compute component storage location 633 and a second latching/activation signal RNL* is applied to the two n-channel transistors 653-1 and 653-2 of the second compute component storage location 635. Similarly, a second ACT signal is applied to the two p-channel transistors 655-1 and 655-2 of the second compute component storage location 635 and a second RNL* signal is applied to the two n-channel transistors 657-1 and 657-2 of the second compute component storage location 635. In some embodiments, the respective ACT and RNL* signals control operation of the first compute component storage location 633 and the second compute component storage location 635. As shown in FIG. 6, power to the first compute component storage location 633 and the second compute component storage location 635 can be provided via a pairs of complementary enable signals (e.g., EnA/EnC, and EnB/EnD, respectively). For example, first compute component storage location 633 is coupled to EnA at power node 691, and second compute component storage location is coupled to EnB at power node 693. First compute component storage location 633 is coupled to EnC at power node 695, and second compute component storage location 635 is coupled to EnD at power node 697. Although not shown in FIG. 6, a power supply transistor can be coupled to each of the enable signals EnA, EnB, EnC, and EnD and to a reference voltage (e.g., Vss).

As shown in FIG. 6, signal input lines 637 and 639 are coupled to respective accumulator signal lines 609-1 and 609-2 at ST2 and SF1, respectively. In some embodiments, signal input lines 637 and 639 are coupled to respective storage location lines 610-1 and 610-2 at SF2 and ST1, respectively. In operation, the voltage on one of the signal input lines 637 or 639 will be slightly greater than the voltage on one of the other signal input lines 637 or 639. The signal input line 637 or 639 having the lower voltage will turn on one of the p-channel transistors 651-1 or 651-2 in the first secondary latch (e.g., first compute component storage location 633) to a greater extent than the other of p-channel transistors 651-1 or 651-2, thereby driving higher the first compute component storage location signal lines 609-1 or 609-2 having a higher voltage to a greater extent than the other first compute component storage location signal line 609-1 or 609-2 is driven high. Similarly, the signal input line 637 or 639 having the lower voltage will turn on one of the p-channel transistors 655-1 or 655-2 in the second secondary latch (e.g., second compute component storage location 635) to a greater extent than the other of transistors 655-1 or 655-2, thereby driving higher the first compute component storage location signal line 609-1 or 609-2 having a higher voltage to a greater extent than the other first compute component storage location signal line 609-1 or 609-2 is driven high.

The signal input line 637 or 639 having the higher voltage will turn on one of the n-channel transistors 653-1 or 653-2 in the first secondary latch to a greater extent than the other of the transistors 653-1 or 653-2, thereby driving lower the first s compute component storage location signal line 609-1 or 609-2 having the lower voltage to a greater extent than the other first compute component storage location signal line 609-1 or 609-2 is driven low. Similarly, the signal input line 637 or 639 having the higher voltage will turn on one of the n-channel transistors 657-1 or 657-2 in the second secondary latch to a greater extent than the other of the transistors 657-1 or 657-2, thereby driving lower the first compute component storage location signal line 609-1 or 609-2 having the lower voltage to a greater extent than the other first compute component storage location signal line 609-1 or 609-2 is driven low. Accordingly, as used herein, a “high side” or “high node,” and a “low side” or “low node” of the first compute component storage location 633 and/or the second compute component storage location 635 refer to a side of the storage location on which a differential voltage is comparatively high or comparatively low, respectively.

The first and second sampling transistors 683-1 and 683-2 can be controlled by a shift signal. For example, an input of first compute component storage location 633 can be coupled to the first and second sampling transistors 683-1 and 683-2, and an input of second compute component storage location 635 can be coupled to the third and fourth sampling transistors 685-1 and 685-2. In some embodiments, the first and second sampling transistors 683-1 and 683-2 and/or the third and fourth sampling transistors 685-1 and 685-2 can control storing and/or shifting of data values between the first compute component storage location 633 and the second compute component storage location 635.

In some embodiments, the first and second sampling transistors 683-1 and 683-2 and/or the third and fourth sampling transistors 685-1 and 685-2 may be enabled or disabled in response to a control signal. For example, the first and second sampling transistors 683-1 and 683-2 may be enabled or disabled in response to a SHIFT 1 control signal line 681, and the third and fourth sampling transistors 685-1 and 685-2 may be enabled or disabled in response to a SHIFT 2 control signal line 682, as described in more detail, herein. The SHIFT 1 control signal line 681 can carry a shift right phase 2, left phase 1 control signal, and the SHIFT 2 control signal line 682 can carry a shift right phase 1, left phase 2 control signal.

In some embodiments, transferring a data value from the first compute component storage location 633 to the second compute component storage location 635 is carried out by controlling which of power nodes 691, 693, 695, and 697 are providing a voltage to each of the first compute component storage location 633 and the second compute component storage location 635 over time. For example, transferring a data value from the first compute component storage location 633 to the second compute component storage location 635 can include applying a voltage to first compute component storage location at power nodes 691 and/or 695 when a voltage is not applied to second storage location 635 at power nodes 693 and/or 697, and synchronously switching the applied voltages such that the voltage is no longer applied to first compute component storage location 633 at power nodes 691 and/or 695 and the voltage is instead applied to second compute component storage location 635 at power nodes 693 and/or 697. In some embodiments, the first and second sampling transistors 683-1 and 683-2 and/or the third and fourth sampling transistors 685-1 and 685-2 may be enabled when the voltage is switched from power node 691 and/or 695 to power node 693 and/or 697, or vice versa. In some embodiments, the first compute component storage location 633 and/or the second compute component storage location 635 are equalized when their respective power node 691/695 or 693/697 is not receiving a voltage signal.

If a first compute component storage location 633 is the destination of a logical operation, the original state of the first compute component storage location may be held dynamically by capacitance when the SHIFT 1 control signal line 681 and the SHIFT 2 control signal line 682 are disabled. This may allow for a possible new data value to be written from selection logic circuitry 613, for example via first compute component storage location signal lines 609-1 and 609-2.

The first compute component storage location 633 and the second compute component storage location 635 can each operate in several stages. A first stage of operation can include an equalization stage in preparation for receiving a differential input signal. In some embodiments, the differential input signal can be received from signal input lines 637 and/or 639. A second stage of operation can include a sample stage in which the differential input signal is received by the first compute component storage location 633 and/or the second compute component storage location 635. For example, a data value can be received and/or stored by the first compute component storage location 633 and/or the second compute component storage location 635 based on the differential input signal on compute component signal lines 609-1 and 609-2. A third stage of operation can include an “amplify and latch” stage where the received differential input signal is amplified and latched by the first compute component storage location 633 and/or the second compute component storage location 635.

In some embodiments, the third stage can be facilitated by cross coupled transistors 653-1 and 653-2, and 651-1 and 651-2 associated with the first compute component storage location 633, which can amplify the differential voltage on signal input lines 637 and 639 and operate to latch a data value received at the first compute component storage location 633. Similarly, coupled transistors 657-1 and 657-2, and 655-1 and 655-2 associated with the second compute component storage location 635, can amplify the differential voltage on signal input lines 637 and 639 and operate to latch a data value received at the second compute component storage location 635. In some embodiments, the third stage can include driving the data value from one compute component storage location to a next compute component storage location (e.g., driving the data value from the first compute component storage location 633 to the second compute component storage location 635).

Although not shown in FIG. 6, each column of memory cells can be coupled to a column decode line that can be activated to transfer, via a local I/O line, data values from corresponding sense amplifiers 606 and/or compute components 631 to a control component external to the array such as an external processing resource (e.g., host processor and/or other functional unit circuitry). The column decode line can be coupled to a column decoder. However, as described herein, in a number of embodiments, data need not be transferred via such I/O lines to perform shift operations in accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure. In a number of embodiments, sense amplifiers 606 and compute components 631 may be operated to perform logical operations without transferring data to a control component external to the array, for instance. As used herein, transferring data, which may also be referred to as moving data or shifting data is an inclusive term that can include, for example, copying data from a source location to a destination location and/or moving data from a source location to a destination location without necessarily maintaining a copy of the data at the source location.

Embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited to the logical operation performance capability described in association with the compute components 631. For example, a number of embodiments can include circuitry in addition to and/or instead of the circuitry described in association with the compute component 631.

FIG. 7A is a logic table illustrating selectable logical operation results implemented by sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. FIG. 7A shows a resultant data value that is initially stored in the first compute component storage location (e.g., first compute component storage location 633 shown in FIG. 6) after the sense amplifier (e.g., sense amplifier 606 shown in FIG. 6 is enabled (e.g., fired). Starting data values (e.g., operands) for a particular logical operation can be stored in the sense amplifier and/or the first compute component storage location from the memory array. For the purpose of describing FIGS. 7A and 7B, a first operand (e.g., “A”) is a data value that can be read from a memory array and stored in the first compute component storage location and a second operand (e.g., “B”), is a data value that can be read from the memory array by the sense amplifier. As described further below in association with FIG. 9, a number of embodiments can include reading operand A into a sense amplifier (e.g., 606), transferring operand A from the sense amplifier to a first compute component storage location (e.g., 633), transferring operand A from the first compute component storage location to a second compute component storage location (e.g., 632), and then operating the sensing circuitry to perform a selected logical operation between operand A and an operand B by activating the appropriate corresponding selection logic signals (e.g., BOOL0, BOOL1, BOOL2, and BOOL3) at the appropriate time (e.g., either before or after enabling the sense amplifier to sense operand B from a selected memory cell).

A selected logical operation between the first data value and a second data value can be performed based on the appropriate control signals corresponding to the selected logical operation being provided to the logic circuitry (e.g., selection logic circuitry 213 shown in FIG. 2, selections logic circuitry 313 shown in FIG. 3, selection logic circuitry 413 shown in FIG. 4, etc.). For instance, in FIG. 7A, “RESULT IN FIRST STORAGE LOCATION—(AFTER SENSE AMP FIRE)” indicates that the control signals corresponding to the selected logical operation are enabled after the sense amplifier is enabled, such that the result of the selected logical operation is initially stored in the first compute component storage location. Similarly, in FIG. 7B, “RESULT IN SENSE AMP—(BEFORE SENSE AMP FIRE)” indicates that the control signals corresponding to the selected logical operation are enabled before the sense amplifier is enabled, such that the result of the selected logical operation is initially stored in the sense amplifier.

The logic table illustrated in FIG. 7A shows the starting data value stored in the first compute component storage location in column A at 770, and shows the starting data value stored in the sense amplifier in column B at 772. The various combinations of the control signals BOOL0, BOOL1, BOOL2, and BOOL3 are shown in FIG. 7A in the column headings in row 774. For example, the column heading of “0110” indicates that the results in that column correspond to control signal BOOL3 being a “0,” control signal BOOL2 being a “1,” control signal BOOL1 being a “1,” and control signal BOOL0 being a “0.”

The results for each combination of starting data values in the first compute component storage location (“A”) and in the sense amplifier (“B”) can be summarized by the logical operation shown for each column in row 776. For example, the result for the values of BOOL3, BOOL2, BOOL1, and BOOL0 of “0000” are summarized as “A” since the result (initially stored in the first storage location after the sense amplifier fires) is the same as the starting value in the first compute component storage location. Other columns of results are similarly annotated in row 776, where “A*B” intends A AND B, “A+B” intends A OR B, and “AXB” intends A XOR B. By convention, a bar over a data value or a logical operation indicates an inverted value of the quantity shown under the bar. For example, AXB bar intends NOT A XOR B, which is also A XNOR B.

FIG. 7B is another logic table illustrating selectable logical operation results implemented by sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. FIG. 7B shows a resultant data value that is initially stored in the sense amplifier (e.g., sense amplifier 606 shown in FIG. 6) after the sense amplifier is enabled corresponding to the various combinations of control signals BOOL3, BOOL2, BOOL1, and BOOL0. The logic table illustrated is arranged similar to that described with respect to FIG. 7A, with the starting data value stored in the first compute component storage location shown in column A at 770, and the starting data value stored in the sense amplifier shown in column B at 772. The various combinations of the control signals BOOL0, BOOL1, BOOL2, and BOOL3 is shown in FIG. 7B in the column headings shown in row 774, and the logical operation represented by each respective column of results shown in the column subheading at row 776.

In contrast with the logical operations summarized in the logic table illustrated in FIG. 7A, which reflects a logical operation result initially stored in the first compute component storage location after the sense amplifier is enabled, the logical operations summarized in the logic table illustrated in FIG. 7B reflects a logical operation result initially stored in the sense amplifier 606 after the sense amplifier is enabled (e.g., with the control signals corresponding to the selected logical operation being provided to the selection logic circuitry 213, 313, 413, 513, 613 before the sense amplifier is enabled). The logical operations summarized in the logic table illustrated in FIG. 7B include several different logical operations from those shown in the logic table illustrated in FIG. 7A including “B” (the logical operation result initially stored in the sense amplifier after the sense amplifier is enabled is the same as the starting data value in the sense amplifier), “RESET” (the logical operation result initially stored in the sense amplifier after the sense amplifier is enabled is always set to “0”), and “SET” (the logical operation result initially stored in the sense amplifier after the sense amplifier is enabled is always set to “1”).

FIG. 8 is a table illustrating selective performance of a logical operation in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. In the example of FIG. 8, A 873 represents data stored in a storage location (e.g., storage location 633 illustrated in FIG. 6) associated with the compute component (e.g., compute component 631 illustrated in FIG. 6), Vm 875 represents a row of a memory array that contains an indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed, Rn 877 represents data stored in a row of a memory array following a logical operation, and Rn AFTER MASK 879 represents data stored in a row of a memory array following a selectively performed logical operation.

In some embodiments, data stored in Vm 875 can be transferred to one or more storage locations represented by A 873. Subsequently, the data now stored in the one or more storage locations represented by A 873 can be transferred to a different storage location (e.g., logic circuitry storage location 332 illustrated in FIG. 3). Once the data are transferred to the different storage location, a row of data from the memory array (e.g., ROW X illustrated in FIG. 2) can be transferred to the one or more storage locations represented by A 873. Data stored in Rn 877 can then be transferred to one or more sense amplifiers (e.g., sense amplifier 206 illustrated in FIG. 2) associated with the sensing circuitry, and data from A 873 can be selectively transferred to one or more sense amplifiers based on the data stored in Vm 875. In some embodiments, a result of a logical operation associated with the foregoing steps may then be stored in Rn 877 concurrently with selectively transferring the data from A 873 to the one or more sense amplifiers.

FIG. 9 is a timing diagram for performing a logical operation in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. The example described in FIG. 9 includes a logical AND operation performed between an operand A and an operand B using the sensing circuitry described in FIGS. 3-6. Although embodiments are not so limited, for this example, we assume operand A is initially stored in a memory cell coupled to a particular row and column of an array, and operand B is initially stored in a memory cell coupled to a different particular row and to the same column.

At an initial time to, a data value (Previous Data) may be stored in (e.g., latched by) a first compute component storage location (e.g., 633). Data values may also be stored in the sense amplifier (e.g., 606) and/or one or more other compute component storage locations (e.g., 635, 632). At time t1, operand A is sensed (e.g., by activating the row to which the cell storing operand A is coupled and enabling the sense amplifier 606) such that the sense amplifier stores the data value (e.g., Data A, which can be a logic 1 or 0) corresponding to operand A. At time t2, the first compute component storage location (e.g., latch 633) is disabled (e.g., EnA goes low and EnC goes high). While the latch 633 is disabled, at time t3 the logic selection signals BOOL0 and BOOL2 are activated (with BOOL1 and BOOL3 remaining deactivated), which passes the voltages on the digit lines DIGIT(n)/DIGIT(n)_ (e.g., the data value corresponding to operand A and stored in sense amplifier 606) through one of transistor pairs (e.g., transistor pairs 373-1/373-2 and 377-1/377-2), depending on which of complementary nodes 361-1 and 361-2 is high (e.g., if node 361-1 is high and 361-2 is low, then transistor pair 367-1/367-2 will be enabled, and if node 361-1 is low and 361-2 is high, then transistor pair 369-1/369-2 will be enabled). At time t4, the latch 633 is enabled (e.g., EnA goes high and EnC goes low) to store operand A in latch 633.

The data value stored in the latch 633 can subsequently be transferred from latch 633 to compute component storage location 632. For example, at time t5, the power nodes of compute component storage location 632 are disabled (e.g., OpAct 361-1 goes low and OpActF 361-2 goes high) and at time t6 Pass Acm goes high, which enables pass gates 308-1 and 308-2 such that the voltage on line 309-1 is transferred to node 363-1 and the voltage on line 309-2 is transferred to node 363-2. At time t7 the latch 632 is enabled (e.g., OpAct 361-1 goes high and OpActF 361-2 goes low) to store the operand A data value (e.g., DATA A) in latch 432, and at time t5, Pass Acm returns low, which isolates the input nodes of latch 632 from the input nodes of latch 633.

Between time t5 and t9, the row to which the cell storing operand B is coupled is activated and the sense amplifier 606 is enabled. At time t9, latch 633 is disabled (e.g., EnA goes low and EnC goes high). While the latch 633 is disabled, at time t10, the logic selection signal BOOL0 is activated (with BOOL1, BOOL2, and BOOL3 remaining deactivated), since in this example the operation (e.g., Op1) to be performed is a logical AND operation (see the table in FIG. 7A). BOOL0 going high enables transistor pair 373-1/373-2, which couples the digit lines DIGIT(n)/DIGIT(n)_ to respective signal lines 309-1/309-2, depending on the state of complementary nodes 363-1/363-2. For example, if node 363-1 is high (and 363-2 is low), then transistor pair 367-1/367-2 will be enabled such that DIGIT(n)/DIGIT(n)_ are coupled to respective signal lines 309-1/309-2, and if node 363-1 is low (and 363-2 is high), then transistor pair 367-1/367-2 will be disabled such that DIGIT(n)/DIGIT(n)_ remain decoupled (e.g., isolated) from respective signal lines 309-1/309-2.

At time t11, the latch 633 is enabled (e.g., EnA goes high and EnC goes low) such that the data value corresponding to the complementary voltages on signal lines 309-1/309-2 is stored in latch 633 as the result of the logical operation (e.g., Operand A AND Operand B).

At time t12, the power nodes of compute component storage location 632 are disabled (e.g., OpAct 361-1 goes low and OpActF 361-2 goes high) and at time t13 Pass Acm goes high, which enables pass gates 308-1 and 308-2 such that the voltage on line 309-1 is transferred to node 363-1 and the voltage on line 309-2 is transferred to node 363-2. At time t14 the latch 632 is enabled (e.g., OpAct 361-1 goes high and OpActF 361-2 goes low) to store the operand A data value (e.g., DATA A) in latch 632, and at time t15, Pass Acm returns low, which isolates the input nodes of latch 632 from the input nodes of latch 633. In some embodiments, subsequent operations may be performed by repeating one or more of the steps described above in connection with FIG. 9.

FIG. 10 illustrates an example configuration of sensing circuitry in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. As illustrated in FIG. 10, the sensing circuitry can include a plurality of sense amplifiers 1006-1, . . . , 1006-N, and compute component 1031. Each respective sense amplifier (e.g., sense amplifier 1006-1) may be coupled to the sensing circuitry 1031 by a pair of complementary sense lines 1005-1/1005-2. As illustrated in FIG. 10, a respective sense amplifier (e.g., 1006-1) and a respective compute component 1031 associated with the respective sense amplifier (e.g., 1006-1) can be formed such that each respective sense amplifier (e.g., 1006-1) and each respective compute component 1031 is located between a respective pair of complementary sense lines 1005-1/1005-2. For example, the respective sense amplifiers 1006-1, . . . , 1006-N and compute components 1031 can be formed on pitch with respective pairs of complementary sense lines (e.g., complementary sense lines 1005-1 and 1005-2) of an array of memory cells.

Although specific embodiments have been illustrated and described herein, those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that an arrangement calculated to achieve the same results can be substituted for the specific embodiments shown. This disclosure is intended to cover adaptations or variations of one or more embodiments of the present disclosure. It is to be understood that the above description has been made in an illustrative fashion, and not a restrictive one. Combination of the above embodiments, and other embodiments not specifically described herein will be apparent to those of skill in the art upon reviewing the above description. The scope of the one or more embodiments of the present disclosure includes other applications in which the above structures and methods are used. Therefore, the scope of one or more embodiments of the present disclosure should be determined with reference to the appended claims, along with the full range of equivalents to which such claims are entitled.

In the foregoing Detailed Description, some features are grouped together in a single embodiment for the purpose of streamlining the disclosure. This method of disclosure is not to be interpreted as reflecting an intention that the disclosed embodiments of the present disclosure have to use more features than are expressly recited in each claim. Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive subject matter lies in less than all features of a single disclosed embodiment. Thus, the following claims are hereby incorporated into the Detailed Description, with each claim standing on its own as a separate embodiment.

Claims (24)

What is claimed is:
1. An apparatus, comprising:
sensing circuitry including a sense amplifier and a compute component; and
a controller coupled to the sensing circuitry and configured to:
cause storing of an indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed between an operand stored in the sensing circuitry and an operand stored in the sense amplifier;
cause the logical operation to be selectively performed; and
cause the indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed to be transferred to a logic circuitry storage location in response to a determination that the operand stored in the sensing circuitry is to be used in the logical operation.
2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the controller is configured to cause performance of the logical operation.
3. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising:
a logic circuitry storage location coupled to the sensing circuitry; wherein the controller is configured to:
cause the operand stored in the sensing circuitry to be transferred to the logic circuitry storage location in response to the indication of whether the logical operation is to be selectively performed indicating that the logical operation is to be selectively performed between the operand stored in the logical circuitry storage location and the operand stored in the sense amplifier.
4. The apparatus of claim, 1 wherein the controller is configured to cause the operand stored in the sensing circuitry to not be transferred to the logic circuitry storage location in response to the indication of whether the logical operation is to be selectively performed indicating that the logical operation is not to be selectively performed between the operand stored in the logic circuitry storage location and the operand stored in the sense amplifier.
5. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the sensing circuitry comprises a single-bit processing element.
6. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the indication comprises a data value.
7. An apparatus, comprising:
a sense amplifier coupled to logic circuitry, the logic circuitry including a logic circuitry storage location;
a compute component coupled to the logic circuitry, the compute component including a first storage location; and
a controller coupled to the sense amplifier, the logic circuitry, and the compute component, wherein the controller is configured to:
cause an indication of whether a logical operation is to be performed by the apparatus to be transferred from the first storage location to the logic circuitry storage location in response to a determination that a data value of the indication is to be used in the logical operation.
8. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the controller is configured to store a data value in the first storage location responsive to the indication that the data value is not to be used in the logical operation.
9. The apparatus of claim 7, further comprising:
a pair of storage location signal lines to couple the logic circuitry to the compute component;
a first transistor coupled at a source region of the first transistor to the logic circuitry storage location and configured to reduce an amount of contention between the pair of storage location signal lines; and
a second transistor coupled to the first transistor at a drain region of the second transistor and coupled to a source supply voltage at a source region of the second transistor, wherein the second transistor is configured to clear data stored in the logic circuitry storage location.
10. The apparatus of claim 7, further comprising:
a second logic circuitry storage location coupled to the first transistor at a drain region of the first transistor.
11. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the second logic circuitry storage location is configured to:
receive the data value from the first storage location; and
store the data value in the second logic circuitry storage location responsive to a determination that the data value is not to be used in the logical operation.
12. The apparatus of claim 7, further comprising a transistor coupled at a source region of the transistor to the logic storage location and configured to clear data stored in the sensing circuitry.
13. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the compute component includes a second storage location.
14. An apparatus, comprising:
a plurality of sensing components, each sensing component including a sense amplifier and a compute component, wherein each of the respective compute components of the plurality of sensing components comprises a respective logic circuitry storage location configured to receive an operand stored in a corresponding respective sensing component in response to an indication a logical operation is to be selectively performed between operands stored in the respective compute component of the plurality of sensing components and operands stored in the corresponding respective sense amplifier of the plurality of sensing components; and
a controller coupled to the sensing components,
wherein the controller is configured to:
cause the indication of whether the logical operation is to be selectively performed between operands stored in respective compute components of the plurality of sensing components and operands stored in corresponding respective sense amplifiers of the plurality of sensing components to be stored in the respective sensing components; and
cause the logical operation to be selectively performed between the operand received by the logic circuitry storage location and an operand stored in the corresponding respective sense amplifier of the plurality of sensing components.
15. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein each sensing component among the plurality of sensing components comprises a single-bit processing element.
16. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the controller is configured to cause the logical operation to be selectively performed between operands stored in the respective compute components of the plurality of sensing components and operands stored in the corresponding respective sense amplifiers of the plurality of sensing components based on the indication.
17. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the controller is configured to cause at least one respective sensing component among the plurality of sensing components to not selectively perform the logical operation between operands stored in the respective compute component of the plurality of sensing components and operands stored in the corresponding respective sense amplifier of the plurality of compute components based on the indication.
18. A method, comprising:
storing, in sensing circuitry comprising a sense amplifier and a compute component, an indication of whether a logical operation between a first operand stored in the compute component and a second operand stored in the sense amplifier is to be selectively performed;
performing the logical operation; and
moving a data value of the indication from the sensing circuitry to another storage location subsequent to performing the logical operation.
19. The method of claim 18, comprising selectively performing the logical operation between the first operand stored in the compute component and the second operand stored in the sense amplifier in response to the indication indicating that the logical operation is to be performed.
20. The method of claim 18, comprising:
not performing the logical operation between the first operand stored in the compute component and the second operand stored in the sense amplifier in response to the indication indicating that the logical operation is not to be performed between the first operand stored in the compute component and the second operand stored in the sense amplifier; and
performing the logical operation between a third operand stored in a second compute component and a fourth operand stored in a second sense amplifier in response to the indication indicating that the logical operation is not to be performed between the first operand stored in the compute component and the second operand stored in the sense amplifier.
21. The method of claim 18, wherein storing the indication comprises applying a mask to the logical operation such that the second operand is not moved from the sensing circuitry to a different storage location.
22. A method, comprising:
storing, in sensing circuitry comprising a sense amplifier and a compute component, an indication of whether a logical operation between a first operand stored in the compute component and a second operand stored in the sense amplifier is to be selectively performed, wherein storing the indication comprises applying a mask to the logical operation such that the second operand is not moved from the sensing circuitry to a different storage location.
23. A method, comprising:
storing, in sensing circuitry comprising a sense amplifier and a compute component, an indication of whether a logical operation between a first operand stored in the compute component and a second operand stored in the sense amplifier is to be selectively performed;
not performing the logical operation between the first operand stored in the compute component and the second operand stored in the sense amplifier in response to the indication indicating that the logical operation is not to be performed between the first operand stored in the compute component and the second operand stored in the sense amplifier; and
performing the logical operation between a third operand stored in a second compute component and a fourth operand stored in a second sense amplifier in response to the indication indicating that the logical operation is not to be performed between the first operand stored in the compute component and the second operand stored in the sense amplifier.
24. An apparatus, comprising:
sensing circuitry including a sense amplifier and a compute component;
a logic circuitry storage location coupled to the sensing circuitry; and
a controller coupled to the sensing circuitry and configured to:
cause storing of an indication of whether a logical operation is to be selectively performed between an operand stored in the sensing circuitry and an operand stored in the sense amplifier; and
cause the operand stored in the sensing circuitry to be transferred to the logic circuitry storage location in response to the indication of whether the logical operation is to be selectively performed indicating that the logical operation is to be selectively performed between the operand stored in the logical circuitry storage location and the operand stored in the sense amplifier.
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