US897048A - Drawback mechanism for presses. - Google Patents

Drawback mechanism for presses. Download PDF

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Publication number
US897048A
US897048A US1908408894A US897048A US 897048 A US897048 A US 897048A US 1908408894 A US1908408894 A US 1908408894A US 897048 A US897048 A US 897048A
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United States
Prior art keywords
piston
press
cylinder
auxiliary
drawback
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Expired - Lifetime
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Wiland Astfalck
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Wiland Astfalck
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D65/00Parts or details
    • F16D65/14Actuating mechanisms for brakes; Means for initiating operation at a predetermined position
    • F16D65/16Actuating mechanisms for brakes; Means for initiating operation at a predetermined position arranged in or on the brake
    • F16D65/22Actuating mechanisms for brakes; Means for initiating operation at a predetermined position arranged in or on the brake adapted for pressing members apart, e.g. for drum brakes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B11/00Servomotor systems without provision for follow-up action; Circuits therefor
    • F15B11/02Systems essentially incorporating special features for controlling the speed or actuating force of an output member
    • F15B11/028Systems essentially incorporating special features for controlling the speed or actuating force of an output member for controlling the actuating force
    • F15B11/036Systems essentially incorporating special features for controlling the speed or actuating force of an output member for controlling the actuating force by means of servomotors having a plurality of working chambers
    • F15B11/0365Tandem constructions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8821With simple rectilinear reciprocating motion only
    • Y10T83/8858Fluid pressure actuated
    • Y10T83/8864Plural cylinders

Description

No. 897,048. PATENTED AUG. 25, 1908.

W. ASTFALGK. DRAWBAGK MECHANISM FOR PRESSES.

APPLICATION FILED JAN. 2, 1908..

liIlllHl UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

DRAWBACK ILECHANISM FOR PRESSES.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 25, 1908.

Application filed January 2, 1908. Serial No. 408,894.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, WILAND ASTFALCK, engineer, a subject of the German Emperor, and resident of N o. 21 Schlossstrassc, Tegel, near Berlin, Germany, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Drawback comes more or less jammed in the work, and

penditure of force the work in the matrix or lower die, so that for withdrawing it force is required to overcome the frictional resistance. If a withdrawing device is used capable of overcoming not only the weight and inertia of the moving parts, but also-the resistance due to the jamming of the tool and work, the device is unwieldy and re uires an unnecessary exfor its actuation after the tool has been removed from the work. For efficient and economical working it is therefore necessary to provide separate means for overcoming, with the least possible expenditure of force, the entirely independent resistances encountered. The present invention efiects this by providing that during the penetration of the tool into or through the work, an auxiliary piston or pistons, independent from the withdrawing mechanism which overcomes the weight and inertia of the moving parts, is or are automatically brought into working position, so that when the main hydraulic cylinder is placed in communication with the discharge conduit, the auxiliary piston or pistons is or are hydraulically actuated for separating the tool from the work.

The stroke of the auxiliary piston or pistons is only of such amplitude as to effect 0. assist in effecting, the separation of the tool from the work; after this separation the ordinary withdrawing mechanism acts on the tool and main press-piston alone.

The annexed drawing illustratesby way of example a vertical, downwardly acting press provided with the auxiliary withdrawing mechanism. The press is shown partly in section and partly in elevation, with the press-piston in two different ositions.

a is the main press-cylim er, I) the presspiston and c the upper die, the parts I) and 0 being guided by means of the cross-head d and pillars e. The ordinary withdrawing mechanism consists of the hydraulic cylinder f and piston g, the latter being connected to the cross-head d by rods h.

i is the lower die or matrix and 7c the work.

At the sides of the press are arranged auxiliary cylinders m containing pistons n the rods 0 of which extend so far upwards that the cross-head d comes into contact therewith as soon as the die 0 begins to penetrate into the matrix with the work. The space above the piston in each cylinder m communicates by a pipe 1" with the main cylinder a, and the space below the piston communicates by a pipe 8 with a high-pressure accumulator or mam.

The action of the press is as follows: It will be assumed that a dish or pot is to be made out of the plate 7c laced on the matrix i. The ipe a communlcating with the cylinder f is p aced in communication with a discharge conduit and the pipe as is placed in communication with an accumulator or a low-pressure pipe. Any suitable known mechanism may e used for controllin the respective valves in the manner required. When the said connections have been made the parts I), d and c descend, as shown at the right hand side of the drawing, and the cross-head abuts against the piston rods 0 either at the moment at which the die 0 begins to swage the plate is, or at a slightly later stage, as required. The position at which this abutment takes place depends on the height of the matrix and'the nature of the work, so that rods 0 may in some cases be too short or too long. The said rods are, therefore, preferably provided with exchangeable end pieces 0 of varying lengths. The press-cylinder having become filled to the extent corresponding to this position, the pipe x is placed in communication with the high-pressure conduit, so that water under high pressure enters the cylinder a and forces the die a into the matrix. Water under high pressure then flows from the cylinder a into the cylinders m and acts on the pistons n from above, so that the one-sided pressure on the said pistons from below is neutralized and the pistons can be easily moved to their lower positions. The length of the downward movement of the pistons n is equal to or smaller than the eil'eetive working stroke of the main piston b. When the swaging operation is completed the pipe u is connected to the high-pressure pipe, and the pipe at to the discharge-pipe. The water above the pistons n is thus discharged and the said pistons are lifted by the water acting on their undersurl'aces. The die 0 is thus lifted back to the position shown at the right-hand side of the The construction of the press itself and thelocation of the auxiliary mechanism m n 0 are immaterial to the invention.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent 1. In a hydraulic press, the combination with the press cylinder, and the press piston, of a air of independent drawback mechanisms or the press piston; one of said mechanismsbeing adapted to act on the piston during the first part of the return stroke of the piston and the other mechanism being ada ted to act on the iston during the remain er of the return stroke of the piston. 2. In a hydraulic press, the combination with the press cylinder and the press piston, of a pair of independent drawback mechanisms for the press piston; one of said mechanisms being adapted to act on the piston during the entire return stroke of the iston and the other mechanism being adapte to act on the piston during the first part only of the return stroke of the piston.

3. In a hydraulic press, the combination with the press cylinder, the press piston and the tool connected to the air of independent draw ack mechanisms or the press piston, c -acting during a part ress plston, of a of the return stroke of the press piston to withdraw the tool from the work.

4. In a hydraulic press, the combination with the press cylinder, the press piston and the tool connected to the press piston, of a drawback mechanism for the press piston, an auxiliary drawback mechanism for the press piston, means whereby said auxiliary mechanism is subjected to constant ressurc in the direction of the return stroke 0 the press piston, and means whereby the auxiliary mechanism is subjected to a greater pressure in the opposite direction during the working stroke of 'the press-piston to cause the auxiliary mechamsm to move into its effective position, whereby, when the last-named pressure is relieved, the pressure acting on the auxiliary mechanism in the direction of the return stroke of the press iston causes the auxiliary mechanism to wit draw the tool from the work.

5. In a hydraulic press, the combination with the press cylinder, the press piston having a crosshead and the tool carried by the press piston, of a drawback mechanism for the press piston, an auxiliary drawback mechanism for the press piston comprising a cylinder, a piston operating in said cylinder and having a piston rod projecting outside of the cylinder and adapted for engagement with the cross-head of the press-piston, a high pressure conduit in continuous communication with the lower end of the auxiliary cylinder to hold the auxiliary piston in its uppermost position, and a conduit providing communication between the press cylinder and the up er part of the auxiliary cylinder to cause t e high pressure in the press cylinder to move the auxiliary piston and its piston rod into their lowermost position during the working stroke of the press piston, whereby, when the high pressure in the press cylinder is relieved the pressure acting on the under side of the auxihary piston causes the auxiliary piston and its piston rod to move upwardly to withdraw the tool from the work.

The foregoing s ecification signed at Berlin this 17th day of December, 1907.

. H WILAND ASTFALCK.

In presence of WOLDEMAR HAUPT, HENRY HAsrER.

US1908408894 1908-01-02 1908-01-02 Drawback mechanism for presses. Expired - Lifetime US897048A (en)

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US1908408894 US897048A (en) 1908-01-02 1908-01-02 Drawback mechanism for presses.

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US1908408894 US897048A (en) 1908-01-02 1908-01-02 Drawback mechanism for presses.

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2579176A (en) * 1948-03-09 1951-12-18 American Tobacco Co Press
US2815810A (en) * 1951-05-26 1957-12-10 Smithe Machine Co Inc F L Die press
US3205749A (en) * 1963-03-21 1965-09-14 Schenk Horst Dieter Hydraulic cutting and punching press
US4798115A (en) * 1986-06-12 1989-01-17 Kraemer & Grebe Gmbh & Co. Kg Maschinenfabrik Pneumatic drive for punching, cutting and stamping devices
US20080245206A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2008-10-09 Adiapress Machine-Type Device For Raising Machine Punches of the Type Using Adiabatic Energy Change
US9915052B2 (en) * 2015-09-17 2018-03-13 Neenah Foundry Company Manhole cover assembly

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2579176A (en) * 1948-03-09 1951-12-18 American Tobacco Co Press
US2815810A (en) * 1951-05-26 1957-12-10 Smithe Machine Co Inc F L Die press
US3205749A (en) * 1963-03-21 1965-09-14 Schenk Horst Dieter Hydraulic cutting and punching press
US4798115A (en) * 1986-06-12 1989-01-17 Kraemer & Grebe Gmbh & Co. Kg Maschinenfabrik Pneumatic drive for punching, cutting and stamping devices
US20080245206A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2008-10-09 Adiapress Machine-Type Device For Raising Machine Punches of the Type Using Adiabatic Energy Change
US9915052B2 (en) * 2015-09-17 2018-03-13 Neenah Foundry Company Manhole cover assembly

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