US857826A - Reversible window. - Google Patents

Reversible window. Download PDF

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Publication number
US857826A
US857826A US22876404A US1904228764A US857826A US 857826 A US857826 A US 857826A US 22876404 A US22876404 A US 22876404A US 1904228764 A US1904228764 A US 1904228764A US 857826 A US857826 A US 857826A
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Prior art keywords
window
strips
sash
jamb
casing
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US22876404A
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Henry J Oliver
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Henry J Oliver
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/32Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing
    • E06B3/50Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with more than one kind of movement
    • E06B3/5054Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with more than one kind of movement where the sliding and rotating movements are independent of each other
    • E06B3/5063Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with more than one kind of movement where the sliding and rotating movements are independent of each other the vertical sliding wings having the possibility of an additional rotational movement

Description

No. sar-,826.v
y PATENTED JUNE 25, 1907. H. J. ULIVER.
REVERSIBLE WINDOW.
AYPLIUATION FILED 0011.17.1904
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ATTORNEY..
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No. 857,826. PATEIIIED JUNE 25, 1907.
E. J. OLIVER.
. REVERSIBLE WINDOW.
APPLICATION FILI-ID 00T. 17,1904.
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'J3' @LTU I BW y M ATTORNEY.
HENRY J OLIVER, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
REVERSIBLE WINDOW.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June a5, 19o?.
Application filed GtvlleI 17, 1904. Serial Nc. Z2 8,764.
To all whom t may concern,.-
Be it known that I, HENRY J. OLIVER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Oleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Reversible Windows, and I do declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which v it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention has reference to reversible windows, and the invention consists in certain improvements on the construction shown and claimed in Letters Patent granted to me December 25, 1894, and numbered 531,826.
In the accompanying drawings Figure l is a perspective front view of the window embodying my invention, and Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional elevation thereof with the sashes of the window in their normalV or closed position. Fig. 3 is a face view of one side of the window'and its casing. Fig. 4 shows a double metallic box adapted to be set into the Window casing to effect adjustment of the jamb strips, and Fig.- 5 isa perspective view of portions of two jambs or parting strips rigidly united by a metallic cross piece and adapted to work in the box or boxing shown in Fig. 4 and as hereinafter fully described.
Fig. 6 is a cross section of the window casing and a sash intersecting the box shown in Fig. 4 with the jamb strips projecting to the front therein. Fig. 7 is a cross section of the window casing and sash on the line of the pivot. of the sash and showing the j amb strips retired so that the -window can turn on its pivot. Fig. 8 shows a cross section of the window casing substantially on the line of the box and the jamb strip supports seen in Figs. 4 and 5, with mechanism for operating said strips likewise as hereinafter fully described. Fig. 9 is a vertical sectional elevation showing especially the connection of the weight cord with the support upon 'which the window sash is pivoted and a sectional view of the box and 'improvements for operating the jamb strips. Fig. l0 is a side elevation of certain parts of the adjusting gear mechanism seen in Fig. 8.
The features of novelty comprised in the foregoing illustrations are found more particularly in the construction shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 8, whereby the control and adjustment of the j amb strips is materially improved, and in the window casing which permits the sashes to turn past each other for reversal by a simple provision at the bottom thereof as seen particularly in Fig. 2 rather than providing for such adjustment by means of an opening in the top of the window casing as formerly, and which had disadvantages or objections which are eliminated and cured by the present construction.
Now, referring again to the drawings, A represents the window casing in its entirety, in which are the upper land lower sashes B and B adapted each in its turn to be reversed when thrown into the right relation with other parts, as will hereinafter appear, and resting normally in their closed position as seen in Fig. 2. The casing A is tightly closed across its top so as not to admit air, dust, or the like at the top as in the original construction, and at its bottom has a special piece or sub-sill c resting upon the window sill a and providing a rest or support for the lower sash B. The upper sash B is adapted to be lowered upon the window sill behind the piece a so that it is brought to such lower plane than strips a as to be reversible without contacting with the raised sash B or shoulder c of the blind stop O, so-called, which is fixed in the window casing in its usual position, but in this instance is cut away in its lower portion fromvc upward to break the joints between the upper sash and its sliding support. It will be understood that only one sash can occupy the lower part of the window at a time for reversal, and it may be either of the two, while the other one is raised to the upper part of the window, and both alike require room to rotate on their pivots t and t, respectively. These pivots are engaged in sliding supports D resting in one instance between the jamb strips J and J and in the other between the strip J and the outer blind stop C.
N ow, having the windows closed, as in Fig. 2, the lower sash rests down upon the strip c and the upper sash is in its normal place and the jainb strips are out and closed upon the sides of the sash B', as seen in Fig. 6, and as likewise occurs in Figs. 2 and 3. But when sash B is to be reversed, the sash B is raised, the jamb strips are withdrawn relatively as seen in Fig. 7, and the upper sash is lowered so as to come down fiat upon the window sill a. This brings the said sash below the shoulders c of the blind stops C and below the said raised sash and permits rotation or reversal without obstruction. The jamb strips having been retired the sliding supports D for the sashes will project at least IOO IIO
even therewith if not somewhat outward therefrom, and thus permit the sash to pass the said strips in its rotation upon its pivots. In this case the lower portion of the window sash is turned inward and the top portion outward and it is reversed on its pivots relatively as seen in the lower portion of Fig. 1., where the utmost facility is given for cleansing the outside of the window now turned inward. The sliding supporting piece D for the respective sashes have counterweight cords d connected therewith so as to balance the sashes in whatever position they may be drawn, and whi ch will hold the upper sash up when it is raised to that position.
The two jamb strips, J, J, are divided or cut in two somewhat above their middle or tion and only the lower portions thereofp are movable inward and outward while the upper portions are iixed in the window, and opposite inclined edges 2 and 3 indicate the point of juncture, Fig. 9. The lower sections of said strips likewise are united for joint control and operation, as seen in Fig. 5, wherein a cross rod or piece 4 rigidly fixed to the parts J, J unites the same and is adapted to slide in the inclined slots across the box G, Fig. 4. These slots are transverse to said box and the outer walls or edges g of each side of the said box or boxing is higher than the inner edge of side g thereof7 so that bar 4 will have a bearing only upon the outer edges g and not upon the edges g, and thus materially reduce friction in the operation back and forth of the jamb strips, and the said boxing G is rigidlyfixed to the window casing relatively as seen in cross section, Fig. 8. The jamb strips are thus rendered subject to joint operation or 'movement through suitable mechanism pro,-
vided therefor and consisting, as here shown,
of a rotatable shaft H provided with an open slotted arm 7L engaging the'rod 4, Figs. 8 and 10, and journaled at one end in the projection g2 upon the box G and at the other end in a metallic plate N, or its equivalent, facing or side of the window casing. A small gear h is xed upon the shaft H and a pinion n is fixed upon the shaft of hand grip M which meshes with the gear 7L and is adapted to rotate the same and thus turn shaft H and its arm 7i and thereby raise or lower the jamb strips, J, J If the said strips are raised they l are forced outward at their upper ends upon the inclined edges 2 and 3, which will carry them forward against the sides of the ,window sash, and if they be operated in the other directions they will be retired in respect to said inclined lines 2 and 3 and moved out of the way so that the sash can be rotated on its pivots. The arm I-I thus has a lifting effect upon the j amb strips and the handle portion of device M is extended to the inside of the room where it is within easy reach and can be turned by hand. A pin 6 upon plate N is adapted to engage in the teeth of the pinion n and the said pinion is thrown intoI engagement whenever released by hand by means of the springs 8 about the axially movable shaft of the device M. This also locks all `the parts and thus the strips J, J are caused to hold any position to which they may be adjusted.
The sliding supports for the sashes are preferably provided upon their meeting faces opposite the sash with a plush or felt lining to more entirely close the space S against dust and drafts.
What I claim is I l. In reversible windows, a window cas ing, jamb strips slidable back and forth in said casing, a metallic box having inclined slots in its rear, a crosspiece rigidly connecting said strips and slidably engaged in said slots and a rotatable shaft having a slotted arm engaging said cross pieces to raise and lower said strips, substantially as described.
2. In reversible windows, a window casing,
jamb strips slidable back and forth therein, a rigid cross piece connecting said strips and inclined guides for said cross piece, in combination with a rotatable shaft having an arm engaging said cross piece and provided with a gear and a rotatable hand controlled pinion in mesh with said gear, whereby the said janib strips are controlled, substantially as described.
3. In reversible windows, a window easing, A"a set of adjustable j amb strips having inclined guiding edges at their upper ends and rigid cross strips connecting the same, a xed rotatable shaft having an arm engaged with said cross piece and provided with a gear at one end, a pinion and an axially slidable spring pressed shaft carrying the pinion, and a fixed pin to engage in the teeth of said pinion and lock the same against rotation, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I sign this specification in the presence of two witnesses.
HENRY J. OLIVER.
Witnesses:
R. B. MosER, C. A. SELL.
US22876404A 1904-10-17 1904-10-17 Reversible window. Expired - Lifetime US857826A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3367389A (en) * 1966-01-25 1968-02-06 Kruse George Combination window, storm window

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3367389A (en) * 1966-01-25 1968-02-06 Kruse George Combination window, storm window

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