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US645357A
US645357A US72316899A US1899723168A US645357A US 645357 A US645357 A US 645357A US 72316899 A US72316899 A US 72316899A US 1899723168 A US1899723168 A US 1899723168A US 645357 A US645357 A US 645357A
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Prior art keywords
sash
slide
slides
window
block
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US72316899A
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Michael Haeberle
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Michael Haeberle
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/52Devices affording protection against insects, e.g. fly screens; Mesh windows for other purposes

Description

Patented Mar. I3, |900. M. HABERLE. y
W I'N D 0W.
(Application md July s, 1899.)
2 Sheets-Sheet l.
(.Nn Model.)
No. 645,357. Patented' Mar. I3, |900.
m. HBERLE.
2 Sheets-.Sheet 2,
UNITED STATES PATENT EEICE.
MICHAEL I'IAEEELE, onNEw YORK, N. Y.
WINDOW.
SPECIFICATION "forming part of Letters Patent No. 645,357, dated March 1e, ieoo. Application iiled July 8, 1899. Serial No. 723,168. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, MICHAEL HBEELE, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, (Brooklyn,) in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Windows; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
The purpose of the present invention is to secure a maximum amount of ventilation of a room or apartment by enabling the windowopenings to be uncovered without removing the sash therefrom, to enable the use of screens without interference with the sash, to dispose the counterbalance and connect it with the sash in such a manner that the latter is held at any angular adjustment and desired elevation within its range of Inovem'ent, and to devise a construction possessing all the advantages of the invention and which can beapplied at a small cost to windows of houses already erected.
For a full description of the invention and the merits thereof, and also to acquire a knowledge 4of the details of construction of the means for effecting the result, reference is to be had to the following description and the drawings hereto attached.
While the essential and characteristic fea tures of the invention are necessarily susceptible of modification, still the preferred embodiment of the invention isillustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which-` Figure 1 is a perspective view of awindow vhaving the invention applied, the lower sash being turned down and the upper portion of the bead broken away. Fig. 2 is a perspective View of a slide and the subjacent portion of a sash, the latter being lowered or turned down. Fig. 3 is avertical section of a side portion of the window. Fig. 4 is a plan section about on the line X X of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a section similar to Fig. 4 on the line Y Y of Fig. 3. Fig. 6 is a vertical transverse sectionthe dotted lines showing both sash lowered or turned down. Fig. 7 is a detail view in perspective of the slide-block. Fig. 8 is a detail view of the hinge.
Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the following description and indicated in all the views of the drawings by the same reference characters.
The window-easement is of box form-that is, its jambs are hollow in order to receive the counterbalan@ing-weights of the sliding sash. The pocket 1 is formed between the inner facing 2, outer facing 3, back strip 4, and jamb 5, the latter having vertical grooves 6 in its outer face to receive the inner portions of metal blocks 7, slidably mounted with reference to the slides 8, to which the sash 9 are pivoted at their lower ends, so as to turn inward and downward at their upper ends. The edge portion of the outer facing 3 projects a short distance beyond the outer face of the jalnb 5 and is formed in its edge with parallel grooves 10, in which travel pins 1l, secured to the side stile of the screens 12, the latter consisting of independent upper and lower frames mounted in dierent planes, so as to slide past one another to admit of a portion of the window being uncovered when required. These screens 12 are located beyond the plane of the outermost sash, so as not to interfere therewith when it is required to turn said sash down or lower it to admit of ventilation or for any desired purpose. A stop 13 is secured in the ordinary manner to the outer face of each jamb 5 and serves to confine the upper sash between it and the projecting edge portion of the outer facing 3. A bead 14 is applied-to each jamb 5 and confines the lower sash between it and the stop 13.
Each slide 8 is rabbeted at its outer edge to provide a shoulder 15, against which the sash closes and which serves to secure a close joint between the sash and its slide. The sash 9 is pivoted or hinged at its lower edge to the lower end of each of the slides 8, so as to turn inward and downward at its upper end. Any suitable means may be employed for pivotally connecting the sash with the slides, but the means shown are preferred, as they result in the provision of a substantial pivotal connection. These means consist of a plate 16, let into a mortise or seat formed in the rear side of the slide, the lower end of the plate being formed with a boss 17, having a transverse opening, in which is tted a journal 18 at the end of a corresponding plate 19, secured in' a mortise or seat formed in the lower edge of the bottom rail of the sash.
IOS
The provision of the boss 17 enables the journal 18 to have an extended bearing, thereby preventing the rapid wear of the parts if the strain or tear were concentrated upon a limited extent of surface. Each slide is formed with a vertical slot 20, in which is slidably mounted a metal block 7 and to which is attached a cord or analogous device 21, having the counterbalancing-weight 22 at its opposite end. A link 23 is pivotally connected at one end with the block 7 and its opposite end with the sash and is adapted to fold into a recess 24, formed in the side stile of the sash. When opening or closing the sash, which is effected by turning the same upon its pivotal connection with the slides 8, the blocks 7 will travel in the slots 20, and by having the counterbalancmg-weights connected directly with said slide-blocks 7 the sash is held at any adjusted position. It will thus be seen that the counterbalancing-weights serve the twofold office of holding the sash elevated when moved up or down and open at any angular adjustment when turned upon its pivotal connection with the slides 8.
The slides S are prevented from inward displacement'at their lower ends by direct engagement with the sides of the sash when the latter is open, and in order to prevent inward displacement of the slides 8 at their upper ends when the sash is turned down or lowered plates 25 are secured to the upper portions of said slides and project laterallyT there from to enter grooves 26, formed in the bead let and the projecting' edge portion of the facing 3. The sash when closed is secured against casual movement by means of a spring-actuated catch 27 and a plate 28, the latter having an opening to receive the projecting rounded end of the catch 27. These parts may be applied to either the slide or side stile of the sash-that is, the plate may be applied to either part desired and the spring-catch applied to the opposite part, it being understood that both are not applied to the same part. The projecting end of the catch 27 is made rounding, so as to automatically free itself from the plate 28 upon the application of sutlicient force to the upper end of the sash when it is required to open or turn it down.
The slide-blocks 7are formed at their inner or rear sides with spaced T projections 29, provided with vertical openings 30 to receive the end portion of the cord or connection 21, the latter having its terminal portion knotted after being passed throughA an opening 30 of'a T projection, the knot 31 being received in the space formed between the said T projection, so as to be out of the way and not interfere with the free sliding movements of the block. The purpose of the knot 31 is to prevent disengagement of the cord 21 from the slide-block when engaged therewith. The cross-heads of the T projections overlap the sides of the vertical slots 20 and prevent outward displacement of the slide-blocks, inward displacement of said blocks being prevented by the links 23 and by engagement of the T projections with the subjacent portion of the j amb 5. The cross-heads of the T projections 29 travel in the grooves 6, previously referred to. The slides for the upper or outermost sash are slightly thicker than the slides for the lower or innermost sash in order to admit of the opening or turning inward and downward of the upper sash when required. This could not be accomplished it the inner and outer slides were of the same thickness, as will be readily understood.
The sash can be slid up and down between the jambs ofthe easement in the ordinary manner, and when it is required to gain access to the glass panes for cleaning or other desired purpose or when it is required to secure a maximum amount of ventilation both sashes can be adjusted to the required elevation and turned inward and downward. The sash will be held at the required elevation and open at the desired angular adjustment by reason of the peculiar manner of connecting the counterbalancing-weights therewith.
lt will be observed that the mountings and connections are applied directly to the sash and the cooperating slides. Hence the invention can be readily installed in any building, house, or dwelling already erected without requiring change or alteration in the construction of easement so long as the latter is of the box type and is provided with pockets, in which counterbalancing-weights for the sash are adapted to operate.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is- 1. In a window, the combination with a slide, a sash pivotally connected with the slide, a block slidably mounted upon the slide, a link connecting said block With the sash, and a counter-balance connected directly with the aforesaid block to hold the slide at any elevation and the sash open at any desired angular adjustment,substantially as set forth.
2. In a Window, the combination with a slide and a sash pivotally connected with the slide, of a block slidably mounted on the slide and adapted to have a counter-balance connected directly therewith, and a link pivotally connected at one end with said block and at its opposite vendwith a sash, the latter being recessed to receive the said link when the sash is closed, thereby enabling a close joint being obtained between the slide and sash, substantially as specified.
3. In a window, the combination with a slide having a vertical slot and a sash pivotally connected with said slide, of a block slidably mounted in the slot of the slide and having spaced T projections at its rear side, a link connecting said block with the sash,
and a weighted cord connected with one of the said T projections, substantially as described.
4:. In a window, the combination with the easement having an inner extension applied IOC xo against the shoulders thereof, means for holding the sashes closed, and counterbalancing means for the slides, the parts being disposed and arranged for operation substantially in the manner set forth.
In testimony ywhereof I afX my signature I5 in presence of two Witnesses. MICHAEL HABERLE. [L s] Witnesses:
MARTIN RUOFF, FRITZ DAUBER.
US72316899A 1899-07-08 1899-07-08 Window. Expired - Lifetime US645357A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2784460A (en) * 1955-05-12 1957-03-12 Isaac R Rinkewich Slidable and hinged window sashes

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2784460A (en) * 1955-05-12 1957-03-12 Isaac R Rinkewich Slidable and hinged window sashes

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