US797835A - Metallic window. - Google Patents

Metallic window. Download PDF

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Publication number
US797835A
US797835A US1904228706A US797835A US 797835 A US797835 A US 797835A US 1904228706 A US1904228706 A US 1904228706A US 797835 A US797835 A US 797835A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sash
window
packing
frame
pivot
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Expired - Lifetime
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Sidney U Barr
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Sidney U Barr
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D7/00Hinges or pivots of special construction
    • E05D7/08Hinges or pivots of special construction for use in suspensions comprising two spigots placed at opposite edges of the wing, especially at the top and the bottom, e.g. trunnions
    • E05D7/081Hinges or pivots of special construction for use in suspensions comprising two spigots placed at opposite edges of the wing, especially at the top and the bottom, e.g. trunnions the pivot axis of the wing being situated near one edge of the wing, especially at the top and bottom, e.g. trunnions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/527Retractable pintle

Description

No. '797,885r PATENTE!) AUG. Z2, 1905. S. U. BARR.
METALLIC WINDOW.
APPLICATION FILED 00T. 17, 1904.
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PATENTED AUG. 22, 1905.
S. U. BARR.
METALLIC WINDOW.
APPLICANON FILED 00T.17,19o4.
ATTO/INE YS PATENTBD AUG. 22, 1905.
S. U. BARR. METALLIC WINDOW.
APPLwATIoN FILED o0T.1'1,19o4.
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IIFIITED STATES PATENT OFFIOE.
SIDNEY U. BARR, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
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Be it known that I, SIDNEY U. BARR, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of New York, borough of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Metallic vWindow,of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
rlhe object of the invention is to provide a new and improved metallic window which is simple and compact in construction, completely air-tight and dust-prooi", and arranged to permit convenient opening or closing of the sash.
rlhe invention consists of novel features and parts and combinations of the same, as will be more fully described hereinafter and then pointed out in the claims.
A practical embodiment of the invention is represented in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this speciiication, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Figure 1 is a sectional perspective View of the improvement, showing a window provided with a single pivoted sash, the latter being in an open position. Fig'. 2 is an enlarged sectional plan view ofthe packing in position between the sash and window-frame at the outer stile of the sash. Fig. 3 is a sectional plan view of the improvement, showing the sash in a closed position. Fig. al. is a sectional plan view of the packing arranged between the meeting-Stiles of a window having two pivoted sashes. Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional side elevation of the upper pivot for the sash and a means carried by the windowframe for raising and lowering the pivot. Fig. 6 is a cross-section of part of the same on the line 6 6 of Fig. 5. Fig. 7 is an enlarged sectional plan view of the packing at the joint of the pivoted end of the sash and a windowframe. Fig. 8 is a cross-section of the improvement. Fig. 9 isa sectional plan view of the lower pivot in position on the sash. Fig. lO is a sectional side elevation of the same on the line l0 10 of Fig. 9. Fig. 11 is a perspective View of the closing-block in the sash opposite the lower pivot, and Fig. 12 is aseotional plan View of the improvement as arranged on a hinged sash.
The sash A is mounted to swing in a win-` dow-frame B either by the use of verticallyalined pivots C O, as shown in Figs. 3, 5, and 10, or by employing' hinges O2, as indicated in Fig. l2. rIhe sash A is locked on the top Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed October 17, 1904. Serial No. 228.706.
Patented Aug'. 22, 1905.
and bottom against accidental opening by manually-controlled bolts I) of the extension or Oremorne type, the bolts being preferably arranged on the inner face of the stile A of the sash A,(see Fig. 3,)the said bolts D also serving to draw the sash firmly into a final closed position by making the ends D' of the bolts tapering or wedge-shaped (see Fig. 8) and eng'aging the wedg'e-shaped ends with keepers E, attached to or Aformed on the top cross-bar B and the sill B2 of the window-frame B.
In order to render the window practically air and dust proof when the sash is in a closed position, packings or cushions F, F, F2, and F3 are employed and arranged in the joints between the window-frame B and the sash A, each of the packings being tubular and preferably made of a piece of rubber tubing' Fi and a metallic rod F5 extending through the tubing'. The packing F is the bottom packing and the packings F and F2 the side packings, while the packing F3 is the top packing.
VThe packings F, F, F, and F3 are arranged in registering rabbets or grooves formed on the contacting surfaces of the window-frame Band the sash A, and the packings F, F2, and F3 are fastened in position in the corresponding rabbets in the window-frame, while the packing' F is secured in position in the rabbet on the lower cross-bar A2 of the sash, and thus swings with the same, while the other packings F, F, and F3 are fixed on the stationary window-frame. The packings F, F, F2, and Fs are located at contacting surfaces and located on the facejoints of the frame of the sash, the packings F, F2, and F3 being located at the outer face-joints of the sash, (see Figs. 3 and 8,) while the packing F is located at the inner face of the joint of the sash. (See left-hand side of Fig. 3.)
In order to secure a packing' in position, screws F are employed, (see Figs. 2 and 7,) each screw passing transversely through the packing to screw in the corresponding part of the sash or frame, the head of the screw being countersunk in the rod F and located directly opposite the entrance of the rabbet to be engaged by the packing on closing the window sash. It is understood that each packing is secured in one of the rabbets of a pair of registering rabbets and is adapted to be engaged by the other or receiving rabbet of the pair of rabbets on closing the sash, and this receiving-rabbet has its entrance somewhat reduced (see Figs. 2 and `7) and its back formed with a recess or enlargement, so
that when the packing on closing the sash passes into the receiving-rabbet it is pressed and a portion of it is deflected into the recess or enlargement at the back of the receivingrabbet, so that the packing fully fills the registering' rabbets, thus producing a completely air-tight and dust-proof joint between the sash and the frame.
By the arrangement described the sash is not warped, as the packing-tubing F* is not squeezed in between adjacent contacting surfaces of' the frame and sash when closing the latter, as the deiiected material readily passes into the enlargement in the back of the receiving-rabbet, as will be readily understood by reference to Figs. 2 and 7 1t is understood that when the sash is closed by a person the packings are not finally pressed into the receiving-rabbets until the bolts l) are moved into engagement with their keepers, so that the sash is forcibly drawn to its final position, and consequently suficient pressure is exerted on the packing-tubings F'l to deflect a portion thereof, as previously explained.
The bottom packing F, as shown in Fig. l, is secured in the rabbet on the lower crossbar A2 of the sash A and is adapted to pass into a rabbet formed on the inner face ofthe raised portion B3 of the sill B2, the said sillrabbet having its entrance `narrowed and its back enlarged or recessed, as previously eX- plained. A portion of' this packing F also rits into a rabbet formed in the under side of' a water-table G, secured to or forming part of the lower cross-bar A2 of' the sash, and this water-table G projects outwardly beyond the packing F and over and beyond the said raised sill portion B2 to carry the water coining down on the outer face of the sash clear of the packing and the said raised sill portion.
The packing F at the pivoted stile A3 of the sash (see Fig. 3) is fastened to the jamb B*of the window-casing' and is engaged by a corresponding rabbet on the stile A3 at the time the sash swings into a closed position, as plainly indicated to the left of Fig. 3. By reference to this gure it will be seen that the packing F is arranged at the end of the segmental portion of the stile A3, which segmental portion fits a corresponding segmental portion on the jamb Bi.
The packing F2 (shown on the right-hand side of' Fig. 3) is secured in a rabbet in the jamb B5 of the window-frame, and this packing is engaged by a rabbet on the outer face of the stile A.
The top packing F3 is secured to the top cross-bar Bl of the window-frame and is engaged by a rabbet formed on the outer face of the top cross-bar AIk of the sash A.
In case two sashes A5 and Ai are hung on the jambs of the window-frame then a packing F7, similar to the packings F, F', F2, and
g remiss F3, is placed at the joint of the meeting-Stiles A7 and AS, (see Fig. 4,) the packing being secured in a rabbet on one of the stiles to be engaged by the rabbet on the other stile when closing the sashes.
The upper pivot C for the sash A (see Fig. 5) normally engages a bearing AJ on the top cross-bar A'l of the sash A and a bearing B on the top cross-bar B of' the window-frame B, and the head C2 of the pivot C is normally seated on the top of the bearing B6. On the head C21 is arranged a transverse pin C2, projecting' into the elongated slot H7 of' a lever H, fulcrumed at on a standard H3, secured by a screw H* to the top cross-bar B of the window-frame. The free end of' the lever H is formed with a cage H, engaged by a ball H", held on the upper end of a screw H7, screwing in the top cross-bar B of the windowf'rame B, the head of the screw extending on the under side oil the cross-bar, so that when the sash A is opened free access is had to the said screw to enable the operator to turn it, so as to screw the same downward to exert a downward pull on the cage H5 to impart a swinging' motion to the lever H for the latter to raise the pivot C and disengage the same from the bearing A. This operation is necessary whenever it is desired to remove the sash A from the frame for repairs or other purposes. In a like manner on screwing the screw-rod H7 upward back into its former position a return swinging motion is given to the lever H, so as to slide thepivot C downward to rengage the lower end thereof with the bearing AD whenever it is desired to hang the sash in the window-frame.
The lower pivot C7 is mounted to slide in a bearing A10 in the stile A3 and is adapted to engage a bearing B7 in the sill B2 of the window-frame, and this pivot C is adapted to be moved upward out of engagement with the bearing B7 whenever it is desired to remove the sash-that is, both pivots C and C are disengaged froni their bearings A(J and B7 to allow of removing' the sash from the windowframe. For the purpose mentioned the lower pivot C is provided with a recess C22, (see Fig. 10,) adapted to be engaged by a suitable tool in the hands of the operator introduced through a recess All, formed in the stile A3. This recess Al1 is normally closed by a closingblock l, fitting the recess and secured to the pivot C by a screw-rod I. A stop-pivot J screws in the pin C and likewise extends in the recess Au, and this pin limits the downward sliding motion of the pivot C', and the outer slotted end of the pin J permits the insertion of a tool to push the pivot C downward whenever it is desired to rengage the pivot C with its bearing B7.
In order to insure an easy swinging of the sash A, the pivotal end of the sash rests and travels on a ball-bearing (see Fig. l0) consisting of a ring K, in which are held balls K',
projecting beyond the top and bottom faces of the ring, the balls being engaged at the top by a ring-shaped bearing K2, {itting in a recess in the under side of the stile A3 and secured to the latter by screws or the like, (not shown,) and the lower ends ot' the balls K rest on a ring-shaped bearing K3, seated in a recess in the sill B2, the said recess being' sufficiently deep to also contain the ball-bearing.
By reference to Fig. l() it will be seen that the ring` K and bearings K2 and K3 are concentric with the pivot-pin C', and the latter when raised passes out of the bearing K3 and ring K to allow of removing the sash, as previously explainet --that is, when the pivot (l is raised out ci thc bearing A and the pivot U is raised out of engagement with the bearing' K and ring K.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as newand desire to secure by Letters Patentl. A metallic window comprising a window- -fram e,a sash mounted to swing on thcsaid window-frame, and tubular packings in the joints of the Jframe and sash and pressed on closing the sash, the joints embodying registering grooves in the frame and sash and having recesses for receiving the portions ol the packings deiiected on pressing the packings, and the latter completely iilling said grooves in the closed position of the sash.
2. A metallic window comprising a windowframe, a sash mounted to swing on the said frame, packings in the joints of the frame and sash at the sides, top and bottom, the bottom packings being attached to the sash and the side and top packings being secured to the window-frame, and a water-table on the sash and extending over and beyond the said bottom packing to carry the water clear of the packing,the said water-table forming a portion of the seat of the bottom packing, said joints embodying registering' grooves in the frame and sash, and the said packings completely lillving the grooves in the closed position of the sash.
3. Ametallic window comprising a windowi'rame, a sash mounted to swing on the said frame, and paekings in the joints of the frame and sash, each packing consistingl of a compressible tube and a rigid core extending through the tube, and said joints embodying registering grooves in the frame and sash which are completely closed by the packings in the closed position of the sash.
4. A metallic window comprising a windowframe, a sash mounted to swing on the said frame, and packings in the joints of the frame and sash, each packing consisting of a compressible tube and a rigid core extending through the tube, and screws passing transversely through the core and a portion of the tube to screw into the corresponding joint part to secure the packing in position; the
heads of the screws being free of the tubes and located opposite the portions to be pressed on closing the sash.
A metallic window com prising a windowframe, a window-sash, the `lrame and sash having pairs of registering rabbets, and compressible packings one Jfor cach oi the said pairs oi registering rabbets, each packing being somewhat larger in cross-section than its corresponding pair of registering rabbets to press the packing on closing the sash and dellecting a portion thereof, one of the rabbets having an enlargement for the reception ot' the deflected portion of the packing.
6. A metallic window comprising a windowframe, a window-sash, the frame and sash having pairs ot' registering rabbets, and compressible packings one i'or each ot the said pairs of registering rabbcts, each packing being secured in one of the rabbets ot' the pair of rabbets, and the other rabbet of the pair being somewhat narrowed at the entrance to cause a pressing of the packing' on closing the s; sh.
7. A metallic window comprising a windowframe, a window-sash, the frame and sash having pairs of registering rabbets,and compressible packings one for each of the said pairs otl registering rabbets, each packing being secured in one or' the rabbets of the pair ci rabbets, and the other rabbet of the pair being somewhat narrowed at the entrance to cause a pressing oi' the packing on closing the sash, the narrowed rabbet having its back portion enlarged for the reception ol the defiected portion of the packing due to the pressing.
8. A metallic window comprisingl a window- Jframe, a sash, and pivots on which the sash is hung in the window-frame, the said pivots being slidabl y mounted to disconnect the sash from the window-frame.
9. A metallic window comprising a windowframe, a sash, vertically-alined pivots on which the sash is hung on the window-frame, and manually-controlled means connected with the upper pivot, to disengage the same `from the sash, the said pivots being' slidably mounted.
10. A metallic window comprising a window-frame, a sash, vertically-alined pivots on which the sash is hung on the window-frame, a lever pivotally connected with the upper pivot and fulcrumed on the top cross-bar of the window-frame, and a screw screwing in the top cross-bar ot' the window-frame and having' a ball-and-socket connection with the said lever.
11. A metallic window comprising a window-frame, a sash, vertically-aimed pivots for hanging the sash in the window-frame, and removable means on the sash, for gaining access to the lower pivot, to raise or lower the latter.
12. A metallic window comprising a window 7frame, a sash, vertically-alined pivots for hanging the sash in the window-frame, removable means on the sash, for gaining access to the lower pivot, to raise or lower the latter, and a pin on the said lower pivot, normally concealed by the said removable means.
13. In a window, a pivot, a lever pivoted intermediate of its ends and having one end pivotally connected with the pivot, and means connected with the other end of the lever for swinging the lever on its pivot.
14. In a window, a pivot, a pivoted lever having` one end loosely pivoted to the pivot, and a screw screwing into a lixed support and engaging the'other end oic said lever.
15. ln a window, a sash having a bearing in its lower end and a recess leading into Ithe bearing, a pivot in the recess and provided scribing witnesses.
SIDNEY U. BARR.
w'itnesses:
F. XV. HANAFORD, EVERARD BOLTON MARSHALL.
US1904228706 1904-10-17 1904-10-17 Metallic window. Expired - Lifetime US797835A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2613406A (en) * 1949-01-08 1952-10-14 Budd Co Closure and frame construction

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2613406A (en) * 1949-01-08 1952-10-14 Budd Co Closure and frame construction

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