US606296A - Henry pedersen - Google Patents

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US606296A
US606296A US606296DA US606296A US 606296 A US606296 A US 606296A US 606296D A US606296D A US 606296DA US 606296 A US606296 A US 606296A
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sash
traveler
saw
metal strip
window
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C1/00Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly
    • E05C1/08Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly with latching action
    • E05C1/10Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member rigid with the latch

Description

(No Model.)
H. PEDERSEN. I WINDOW SASH.
No. 606,296. Patented June 28, 189B.
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UNTTED STATES s HENRY PEDERSEN, OF NEW YRK, N. Y.
` WINDOW-SASH.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 606,296, dated une 28, 1898. Application iiled'lanuary 7, 1898. Serial No. 665,945. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom t may concern:
the cit-y of New York, (borough of Brook1yn,') county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in VVindow-Sashes, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming apart thereof, in which similar letters of reference designate like or equivalent parts.A
My invention relates to improvements in window-sashes, and has for its object to so construct a sash that it may be raised or lowered in vertical channels by means of counterbalancesweights and so that it may also at the same time be revolved on horizontal pivots at any point at which it may be supported.
Figure l represents an elevational View, partly broken away in section, of a window sash and casing embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is an edge view of the swinging portion of the sash. Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. l. Fig. t is an enlarged detail showing more clearly certain parts shown in Fig. 3, the section being taken on the same line as the right-hand portion of said figure.
The traveler rails or strips B B are introduced into the channels or stiles of the window-frame at the edges of the sash. rIhe o pivot-shafts L L are midway, or nearly so, be-
tween the top and bottom edges of the window-sash, so that the sash may be revolved upon such pivots to give access to the outer surface of the glass for cleaning, or the sash may be revolved in this manner in opening the windowto any desired extent.
In each of the vertical edges of the sash a saw-cut is made of a depth sufficient to resf ceive entirely into it a metal strip E, and a similar saw-cut is made in the adjacent outer surface of each of the traveler-rails or sashstrips opposite to and corresponding in position with the saw-cut in the sash, but not as deep, so that the metal strip can be contained in the saw-cut in the sash when the sash is being revolved on its pivots and so that the metal strip can be moved out of it and made to enter the saw-cut in the traveler-rail when l the Window is to be locked bythe metal, strip Be it known that I, HENRY PnDnRsnN, a citi-f zen of the United States,and a resident of,
in its ordinary position to slide up and down. Y' Each of the pivots may be made with a shaft-plate J, from which a pivot-shaft L projects in both directions, and this plate is let into the edge of the sash, its projecting shaft being iixed in the sash and also passing into a hole in the traveler rail or strip. A metal tube may be forced tightly into the hole in the traveler rail or strip, so that the pivotshaft L will turn freely in such tube and prevent the pivot-shaft from enlarging the hole in the wood through which it passes.
The saw-cut made in the window-sash to receive the meta-l strip may be placednear the face of the sash, so as not to interfere with the pivots on which the sash is revolved; but for greater convenience when only one strip is used at each side of the window I prefer that the saw-cut shouldbe midway between. the faces of the sash and that each pivot should be split vertically throughout the whole or a part of its length, leaving a longitudinal space between its parts through which the metal strip is free to move.` If desirable, I can use two metal strips on each side of the sash in parallel saw-cuts.
Two bevel-washers d d are placed at the end of the pivotgshaft L in the traveler-rail, and around these bevel-washers is fastened the end d4 of the cord or chain D', supporting the sash in its ordinary vertical movement in the channels or stiles ot'` the Window-frame. The weight of the sash forces the bevelwashers apart, one, d', against the outer washer or pin at d2 and the other, d, against the traveler-rail B. This forces the adjacent surfaces of the traveler rails or strips B B and the sash A tightly together, sothat Vwhenthe sash is revolved upon the pivots it is held firmly at any position or angle. j j
The metal strip E is made slightly shorter than the edge of the sash in which it is to be received and has projecting from it on either or both sides of the strip short pins e c,which engage in curved slots at the sides of the saw-cuts adapted to receive them. These pins are preferably placed near the ends of the strips.
Fig. l shows the arrangement of the strips in the saw-cuts,with the pins engaged in the IOO curved slots. The metal strip is represented as being partly within the saw-cut in the sash and partly within the saw-cut in the traveler-rail, the metal pins e ofthe metal strip engaging in the curved slots and situated at the extreme ends of the slots and the pins e of the metal strip engaging with and underneath the metal pieces G,Which are iiXed upon the face of the traveler-rail.
The metal pieces in which the slots are cut are represented at F and may be placed on either or both sides of the metal strip. I prefer to make these small metal pieces so that y they may be eountersunk in the sides of the saw-cut and having a semicircular face at right angles to the plane of the slot. By this arrangement Iam enabled to easily countersink the plates containing the slots into the surface of the window-sash by the use of an ordinary bit or auger, placing the center of the bit opposite the position to be occupied by the correspending pin when engaged in the metal slot.
Countersunk in the surface of the traveling strips B are metal plates or strips G, suitably placed and adapted to engage the pins e', projecting froml the metal strip E. Thus when the metal strip is forced outward from the saw-cut in the window-sash A and enters the sawcut in the traveling rail or strip B the pins e follow the paths of the similar curved slot-s, in which they severally engage, moving from the position at the end of the slots marked f to the end of the slots corresponding to the position represented in Fig. l at c. The pins e engage with or under the metal pieces or plates G, placed on either or both sides of the saw-cut, passing through vss the position at g to the position represented in Fig. l at e', and thus firmly lock together the adjacent surfaces of the window-sash and the strip, so that when the window-sash is in its ordinary position it is firmly locked to the traveler rails or strips B and the whole can be raised or lowered as one piece in the channels or stiles.
The outward movement of the metal strip E from its position when contained entirely within the saw-cut in the window-sash (as when the window is revolving upon its pivots) to the position when it is partly within the saw-cutin the traveler-rail, and thuslocks the two iirmly together, is produced, preferably, by a lever or cam motion by forcing the V lof the lever upon the outward side'of the wingage with pins or holes in the metal strip and operated through a movable plate countersunk'in the window-sash and having no projecting parts.
I prefer to place the slotted metal pieces F and the metal strip E in the saw-cut in the sash, so that the metal strip may be wholly withdrawn into the sash when revolving upon the pivots, for the reason that the usual construction of the window allows more room for the saw-cut and lever in the sash than in the traveler-rail; but when desirable I can reverse the arrangement by placing upon the sash the plate which forms part ot' the locking device and so disposing the metal strip that it canl be wholly withdrawn into the saw-cut in the traveler-rail.
I can also adapt my improvement to windows revolving upon vertical pivots.
Some of the advantages attained by my improvements are: The metal slotted pieces and plates are so made as to be easily and accurately applied by an unskilled workman using an ordinary bit or auger. The weight of the window without the use of springs forces the bevel-washers apart and affords a lateral pressure which holds the sash iirmly in any desired position or angle when revolved upon the pivots. The metal strip which I prefer to use is solid, not necessarily pierced by slots or holes, and thus etectually closes any aperture which may exist between the sash and t1aveler-rail,making the window air-tight and Weather-proof.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, isy l. In a window, the combination with asash and separable traveler-rails having corre sponding longitudinal saw-cuts inL their adjacent surfaces, of a metal strip introduced into such saw-cuts and having projecting pins upon such metal strip engaging in curved slots in the sides of the saw-cut, substantially as described.
2. In a window, the combination with a sash and separable traveler-rails having corresponding longitudinal saw-cuts in their adjacent surfaces, of a metal strip introduced into such saw-cuts and having projecting pins upon such metal strip engaging in curved slots in the sides ot' the saw-cuts, together with pivots, connecting the sash and traveler-rails, upon which the sash can be revolved when the metal strip is withdrawn into the saw-cut in the sash, and a lever adapted to withdraw such metal strip by giving to it a longitudinal and lateral motion,substantially as described.
3. In a Window, the combination with the frame and sash, and separable traveler-rails, said traveler-rails being free to move vertically in the channels of the windowarame and connected to the sash by pivots upon which the sash can be revolved, of a metal strip placed within saw-cuts made in the adjacent surfaces of the sash and traveler-rails, such metal strip having projecting pins engaging in curved slots in the sides of the saw-cuts for IOO IIO
the purpose of moving the strip into or out of the saw-cuts, and such metal strip having projecting pins engaging with a plate in the traveler-rail when the metal strip is forced into the saw-cut in the traveler-rail, and adapted to lock together the sash and travelerrail when in that position, substantially as described.
4. In a window the combination with the frame and sash and separable traveler-rails, said traveler-rails being free to move vertically in the channels of the window-frame and connected to the sash by pivots upon which the sash can be revolved, of a metal strip placed within saw-cuts made in the adjacent surfaces of the sash and traveler-rails, such metal strip having projecting pins engaging in curved slots in the sides of the saw-cuts for the purpose of moving the strip into or out of the saw-cuts, and such metal strip having projecting pins engaging with a plate in the v traveler-rail when the metal strip is forced into the saw-cut in the traveler-rail, and adapted to lock together the sash and traveler-rail when in that position, together with a lever or cam adapted to give to the metal strip a longitudinal and lateral motion, substantially as described.
5. In a window, the combination with a sash and separable traveler-rails having corresponding longitudinal saw-cuts in their adjacent surfaces, of a metal strip introduced into such saw-cuts and having projecting pins upon such metal strip engaging in curved slots in the sides of the saw-cut, together with l pivots connecting the sash and traveler-rails, upon which the sash can be revolved when the metal strip is withdrawn into the saw-cut in the sash, each pivot being longitudinally split or pierced so as to allow the metal strip to move freely between the parts thereof, and a lever adapted to withdraw such lnetal strip by giving to it a longitudinal and lateral motion, substantially as described.
6. In a window, the combination with a sash and separable traveler-rails, said traveler-rails being free to move vertically in the channels of the window-frame and connected to the sash by pivots upon which the sash can be revolved, of a metal strip placed within saw-cuts made in the adjacent surfaces of the sash and traveler-rails, such metal strip having projecting pins engaging in curved slots in the sides of the saw-cuts for the purpose of moving the strip into or out of the saw-cuts, and such metal strip having projecting pins engaging with plates in the traveler-rail when the metal strip is forced into the saw-cut in the traveler-rail, and adapted to lock together the sash and traveler-rail when in that position, the pivots upon which the sash is revolved being longitudinally split or pierced allowing the metal strip to move freely between the parts, substantially as described.
7. In a window, the combination with the frame and sash and separable traveler-rails, said traveler-rails being free to move vertithe purpose of moving the strip into or out of the saw-cuts, and such metal strip having pins engaging with plates in the traveler-rail when the metal strip is forced into the sawcut inthe traveler-rail, and adapted to lock together the sash and the traveler-rail when in that position, together with a lever or cam adapted to give to the metal strip a longitudinal and lateral motion, the pivots upon which the sash is revolved being longitudinally split or pierced, allowing the metal strip to move freely between the parts thereof, substantially as described.
8. In a window, the combination with a sash and separable traveler-rail having corresponding longitudinal saw-cuts in their adjacent surfaces and a metal strip introduced into such saw-cuts and having a projecting pin upon such metal strip, of a metal piece countersu nk in the side of either of such sawcuts pierced by a curved slot adaptedto engage with the projecting pin of such metal strip and having a semicircular face at right angles to the plane of such slot adapted to be countersunk in the surface of the sash or traveler-rail at the side of either of such sawcuts, substantially as described'.
9. In a window, the combination with a sash and separable traveler-rail having corresponding longitudinal saw-cuts in their adjacent surfaces and a metal strip introduced into such saw-cuts and having a projecting pin upon such metal strip, of a metal piece countersunk in the side of either of such sawcuts pierced by a curved slot adapted to engage with the projecting pin, and such metal piece having a semicircular face at right angles to the plane of such slot adapted to be countersunk in the surface of the sash or traveler-rail at the side of either of vsuch sawcuts, together with a metal plate semicircular in shape and adapted to be countersunk in the surface of the traveler-rail at the side of the saw-cut, underneath which a projecting pin suitably placed upon the metal strip will engage, for the purpose of locking together the sash to which the metal strip may be attached and the traveler-rail upon which such metal plate is fixed, substantially as described.
10. In a window, the combination with a sash and separable traveler-rails, said traveler-rails being free to move vertically in the channels of the window-frame and connected to the sash by pivots fixed in the sash and passing. through holes in the traveler-rails, upon which pivots the sash can be revolved, of bevel-washers placed near the end of the pivot-shaft in the traveler-rail and around which the cord or chain supporting the win- IOO IIO
dow passes, the Weight of the Window pressing the oord or chain between the adjacent bevel-faces of the Washers so as to force them apart, one Washer against a pin or stop at the end of the pivot and the other Washer against the traveler-rail through which the pivot passes, this lateral pressure forcing the traveler-rail tightly against the sash, thus holding the sash irmly at any angle 01' position in which it may be placed when revolving Io upon the pivots, substantially as described.
HENRY PEDERSEN.
Vitnesses:
HOWARD S. KNIFF1N, CHAs. CLELAND.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2585375A (en) * 1947-10-04 1952-02-12 William A Dixon Window pivot and lock

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2585375A (en) * 1947-10-04 1952-02-12 William A Dixon Window pivot and lock

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