US829184A - Musical-instrument player. - Google Patents

Musical-instrument player. Download PDF

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Publication number
US829184A
US829184A US24293705A US1905242937A US829184A US 829184 A US829184 A US 829184A US 24293705 A US24293705 A US 24293705A US 1905242937 A US1905242937 A US 1905242937A US 829184 A US829184 A US 829184A
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United States
Prior art keywords
casing
bed
key
board
instrument
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US24293705A
Inventor
Edwin S Votey
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AEOLIAN CO
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AEOLIAN CO
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Priority to US24293705A priority Critical patent/US829184A/en
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Publication of US829184A publication Critical patent/US829184A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10FAUTOMATIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10F1/00Automatic musical instruments
    • G10F1/02Pianofortes with keyboard

Description

BATENTE'D AUG. 21, 1906 7 SHEBTS SHEET 1.

J&

{damn/Whoa EDWIN S. VorEY gil 1 E. s. VOTBY.- MUSICALINSTRUMBNT PLAYER.

APPLIOATION FILED JAN.27. 1905.

No. 829,184. PATENTED AUG. 21, 1906 E. s. VOTBY. I MUSIGALINSTRUMENT PLAYER.

APPLICATION I ILED JAN-27. 1905.

7 SHEETS-SHEET 2 r EM. 5 mg E. s. VOTBY. MUSICAL INSTRUMENT PLAYER.

APPLICATION FILED JAN-27. 1906.

PATENTED AUG. 21. 1.906,.

1 snnmssannr a.

51 16 Enwm $1 1 PATENTED AUG. 21, 1906.

E. S. VOTEY. MUSICAL INSTRUMENT PLAYER.

APPLICATION FILED .TAN.27, 1905.

7 SHEETS-SHEET 4.

- am /1440c EIWINlgVQTEY No. 829,184. PATENTBD AUG. 21, 190s.'

E. s. VOTBY. MUSICAL INSTRUMENT PLAYER.

APPLICATION FILED JAN-'27. 1905.

' 7 sums-sums.

110,829,184; PATENTED AUG. 21, 1906.

' E. s. VOTEY.

MUSICAL INSTRUMENT PLAYER. APPLIOATIOLT FILED JAN .27, 1905.

EDWIN $.VoTEY 7 SHEETS-SHEET e.

'No. 829,184; I PATENTED AUG. 21, 1906.

' E. s. VOTEY.

MUSICAL INSTRUME NT.PLAYBR.

APPLICATION FILED JAN-27, 1905.

7 SHEETS-SHEET 7.

[win s. vornv; or snMMrr, NEW JERSEY, .ASSIGNOR TO AEOLIAN con PANY, or EW roan, N. Y., A GORPORATION or .ooNNncTIcUr.

MUSEGAL-1$TRUWIENT PLAYER fipecification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 21', 1906.

To all whom it may concern:

.Be, it known thatI, EDWIN S. format, a

citizen ofthe United States, and a resident of Summit, in the county of Union. and State of I New Jersey, have invented certain new and integral parts from the instrument by a person of ordinary skill the replacing, e. g of a broken or defective string in a piano is greatly facilitated. In addition the construction of my device enables it to be placed in, e. g., an upright piano of the ordinary type with little alteration and with a minimum of adaptation.

" I In'the preferred form of embodiment of my invention shown in the drawings, Figure ll represents in vertical section so much of an uprlght piano as 1s necessary to show my mvention. 7 Figs. 2 and 3 are slmilar views of i the lower portion of the piano, showing my device in different positions. Fig. 4 is an elevation of the part shown in Fig. 3, a portion of. the casin being removed. Fig. 5 shows'a detail. i 6 is a vertical trans verse section on the inc 6 6, Fig. 8. Figs. 7 and 8 are vertical sections on the lines 7 7 and a 8,-Fig. c.

ldesignates the casing of the instrument, of which 11 is the bottom, 12 the removable ,lower front, having a hinged drop portion 13, 14, the key-bed, and 15 the removable up- 21 designates one of the er front portion. l: and 22 one of its strings.

eys of thepiano,

' Interposed between these are the usual action parts, including hammer 23, ack 24,

supported on jack-beam 25, and riser 26, ex-

tendin from the capstan-screw 27 of the key 21'to t e jack-beam, which latter has a for- -virardly-eirtending nose 28. All these parts I have represented fragmentarily and to some extent conventionally, as they form per 86 no part of my invention.

Secured on the bottom board 11 in front of f the frame of the piano and in front of the 7 strings 22ers two cheeks 31, having ovoid.

recesses 32 in their upper faces. 'Approx-imately above these are other cheeks 33, secured to the lower side of the key-bed 14. As shown, the entire air-pressure or suction producing and storing portion of the mechanical player com rising bellows 41, wind-chest 42, bellows-pe als 43, connecting-pipe 44, and other well-known or necessary parts are secured to or supported by a chest or board 4. At the lower and upper corners of the board 4 are secured laterally-extending wings 46, respectively. In each of the lower wings 45 is screwed a vertical bolt or pin 47 ,the lower end of which is rounded to enter the recess 32 and to seat itself at the bottom thereof. Pro jecting forwardly from each of the upper wings 46 is a bar 471, having a longitudinal slot 48, adapt-ed to receive the head of a screw 49, which enters the cheek-pieces 33. When the pedals are in their folded position, as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings, and the front portion 12 of the casing .1 has been removed, the board 4, carrying theWind-chest and all its connected parts, may be easily inserted into or removed from its place. To insert it, the ends of the bolts or pins 47 are stepped in the recesses 32 in the cheeks 31, the oard 4 rocked back into place, and the screws 43 inserted through the slots 48 into the cheek-pieces 33. By reason of the vertical adjustability of the bolts 47 and of the play ofthe slots 48 on the screws 49 before these last are set home the board may be adjusted' as desirede. g., to fit the end of the connecting-pipe 44 tightly against or into the corresponding aperture 141, bored through the key-bed 14.

I have illustrated the bellows-pedals 43 as of the well-known folding type, because this form of pedal is convenient to my construction; but it is evident that in this particular, as in other details of construction and arrangement, I am not limited to the preferred form shown or described.

Above the key-bed 14and keys 21 in front of the frame and of thestrings 22 stretched thereon, and behind the upper front portion l5 of the casing 1 of the instrument I removably support the pneumatics 51, primary, intermedi'ate, and striking, the music-sheet motor-52, and all those parts of a mechanical player commonly called the action.

to retain strips 36.

.insertible and removable.

entire action depends, slides forwardly on ath, or otherwise supported by a board 5, which extends between the sides of the easnsl.

- becnred to the casing 1 below the ends of the board 5 are check-pieces 34, slotted at 35 In'the lower side of the board 5 are cut grooves 53, adapted to slide on thestrips 36. The board 5, withtheaction supported thereon, is slid directly bacl ward into the casing 1 and is locked firmly and held downward on the cheeks 34-. by 'ie.

vers 58, pivotally attached to the inner sides ofthe casing 1 at 59. (Vide Fig. 7..) From each of the strking-pireumaties 51 rises a rod 54, at the upper end of which may be formeda rounded head 55, engaging with the nose 28 of the jacket-beam 25.

I have shown controlling-levers 61, which may serve as usual to alter the tempo, di

root the accentuation, reverse the motor for rewinding,'&c. As'shown, each ofthese levers 61, of which four are indicated in the drawings, is pivoted to a board 6, the ends 62 of which slide into slots 111 in the casing The board 6 is shown as having a. drop 68, hinged at 64. The rear end 65 of the le- "ver 61 may be forked to engage with the ends 56.01 the connecting parts 57, only one of whichis shown. By lever I Ineanor tojinclude variations in form, Whether fingen stops, handles, buttons, slides, or 'the like controlling means. i

As in the case of the wind-chest and connected parts above described, it will be seen that the mechanical playing parts are easily Tile-board 6 and connected parts simply slide forward for re moval; So, also, the board 5, on which the strips 36, the front portion 15 and board 'ing first removed and the levers 56 rocked. their pivots 57 out of their locking position. f

' connected with said ca bed, a controlling-lever In replacing the board 5 and connected pa" the heads of the rods 54 pass easily the noses 28 of the jack-beams 25.

It is of course understood that the front 63 is'retained in'its full-lineposition,

, placing of the controlling-levers above the keyboard and beneath the n1usic-roll enables the player to assume an erect a d natural position and to readily and pleasant manipulate the levers.

It is evident that many mechanical at ations may be made in the form, construe tion, and arrangement of parts without 2. parting from my invention and that parts the terms nsed-'e. g.

require removal or displace.

, said key-bed on whioh Us the invention may he used. advantageously x ass st without the others. i l" as applied to the this embodiment of the invention are not intended to be limited to a'narticular mate; rial or. form. A I I Where in the claims I of the instrument as speslr'of the key-bed fixed, lintend to in:

,elnde one which is Secured in any desired manner within the casing of the instrument, provided that it is so fixed therein as not to -nt for the r4-- movalof the wind chest and eo mected which are placed beneath it or the pneumatic action of the instrument player,which is placed above it. E

It will of course be'unde'rstood th I tailsof the pneumatics within the a I the lvarious pneumatic chambers r in the chest or board i and in the ot or parts of t apparatus are entirely i i 'i to the essentials of the present irn are. moreover, so Well understood require-no arena 1 fl ving described my i claim, and desire to secure ent, is I l. in mechanical musical insti casing and a: hey-bed, a windchest, and bellows-pedals lbcated entirely beneath saidlrey-bed, and .nieans' for integrally and detac hably supporting.- said wind-chest, bel' lows and bellows-pedals and for removing them without movement of said hey bed.

2. In a meohanicalmusical instlr "rent a on ing and a key-bed, action moizn d r d casing above said hey-bed, aeontz 0 er for said action, and a part remo' y red in said casing above said key-bee on ch saidcontrollingdevc mount d.

In a mechanical musical inst and a key-bed, an action part removably secured oiling-dove: 1:?

is mounted. lna'rnechanical musics casing and-a hey oed, an ac mounted in said casing above controlling-lever said or which said hver is men te key-bed, casing separateiy roin said 5. in a mechanical music" casing a "itirely -mneatl'i said lie 8.3M

' means for integrally and dot achably supporting said wind-chest, bellows and bellowsand for removing same without moveinent of said key-bed.

6 In ainechanical musical instrument a casing provided with a' movable front portion, a key-bed and soundproducin devices, a' mechanical instrument-player aving la part removably secured in said casing beneath said key-bed and in front of said soundproducing and means for integrally and detachably supportmgflsald part and for. removing same, 7w1thout movement of said key-bed.

7; In combination with a musicalinstrument having a ca'smgdprovided with a movable front/ portion an, sound-producin e vices; a mechanical instrument-playerhav-j ing an action mounted in said casing in front of .said sound-producing devices, a' controlling-lever for said action, and a, part removably secured in said casing on which saidlever 2o is'mounted; a 8. In combination with a musical instrumenthavmg a casing ices; ajrneohanical instrument-player aving anaction mounted in said casing 'infront f said sound-producing devices,'a control.-

- :casm

' 'mentlhaving a casing-(provided with a 'movand the parts'mounte 5 within the casing in front of t below the key-bed of sald iano,

' ating means on said boar for engagln w1th ling-lever detachably'connected withsaid ac- "tion, and a part; reniovably secured in. said on which saidlever 1s rnount'e'd, -9.. nfcombination' with amusicalinstruable front'portion an sound-producin 'de- .v1ces;: 'a mechanical instrumentlayer av- ,ingan action removably mounte in said cas mg in" front of said sound-producing devices, ,acontrolling lever -detachably. connected with said actlon, and a part on which said lem i s, -mo'unted said part being removable fromsaidcasing separatel from Saidacti'on.

:In comb i'nationwit an upright piano having a removable apertured front portion below the key-.bed,-a part removably'secured, withii1 thefcasing in below the, key-bed of said piano, awind' ;.chest.and bellows mounted on said part, and

bellows-pedals pivotally mounted on said pllart to pass through theapertur'e in said ported and removable without movement of saidkey-b'ed, i Y '11. In combination with an upright piano 1 having a movable front portion elow its key-bed, a board, wind-"chest and bellows mounted on said-board, en aging.- means e strings and said first-named engaging means said. oard thereon being removdevices, a wind-chest, bellowsand. foldlng bellows-pedals mounted on said part,

I rovided with amow, 'ablefront' portion; an sound-prodimin deextending out casing, a wind-chest,

front of the strings and able fromthe casing of said piano movement of the key-bed. 1 12. In: combination with anupri ht'piano .having a movable front ortion below'its key-bed,- .a board, wind-c est and bellows mounted on' said board, en aging means without within the casing in front of the strings and below the key bed of said piano, cooperating means on said board for engaging with said first-named; engaging means, and means for fidJIlStlIlgSflld board in said casing saldboard and he parts mounted thereon being re'mov-' ablefrom the casing of thepiano without movement'of the key-bed;

' 13. In combination with amusical instrument having a casingand a'keyboard, .an action of a mechanical instrument-player within said cas n a part removably mounted in said casing above said keyboard, and a controlling-lever 'operativcly connected with said action, adjustably I and extendin out of said casing. n

fl 1 4. In'com mounted 'on' said part ination with a musical instrujmenthavlng a caslng and akeyboard, an action of a mechanical instrument-player'with in sald casing, a part removably' mounted in said casing'above said'keyboard, a-controlling-lever operatively connected said action, adjustably. mounted on said part and of said casingand a movable .portion on sa d partjfor covering the outwardly-extending end of said lever.

15. In a mechanicalmusicalj instrument a casing provided-with a movable front 'poront portion said part being'detachably sup and cooper:

action'removably mounted upon the casingof the instrument above the keyboard thereof and a hinged cover mounted above the keyboard for covering'the exposed portion of said .controllinglever or levers.

. In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscrib 'ing witnesses. t v

EDWIN S. VOTEYM Witnesses: I. HEYLIGER,

E. Q. TH'oMPsoN,

ITO

US24293705A 1905-01-27 1905-01-27 Musical-instrument player. Expired - Lifetime US829184A (en)

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