US820401A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US820401A
US820401A US21714104A US1904217141A US820401A US 820401 A US820401 A US 820401A US 21714104 A US21714104 A US 21714104A US 1904217141 A US1904217141 A US 1904217141A US 820401 A US820401 A US 820401A
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Prior art keywords
valve
bottle
guard
neck
openings
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Expired - Lifetime
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US21714104A
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Ernest Lagarde Dimitry
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Ernest Lagarde Dimitry
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Priority to US21714104A priority Critical patent/US820401A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves

Description

PATENTED MAY 15, 1906.
B. L. DIMHRY. NoN-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
APPLICATIDN FILED JULY 18. 1904.
NTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ERNEsr LAGARDE DIMITRY, 0E NEw oRLEANs, LOUISIANA.
NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
Speccaton of Letters Patent.
Patented May 15, 1906.
To all whom t may concern.:
Be it known that I, ERNEST LAGARDE DIMI- TRY, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Orleans, in the parish of Orleans and State of Louisiana, have invented a new and useful Non- Rellable Bottle, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to closures for bottles and the like receptacles and its primary object is to provide a novel and highly useful closure which is adapted to permit the receptacles contents to be freely withdrawn, but which will not permit the receptacle to be reiilled, thereby obviating any liability of a counterfeit article being sold for-the original.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the character stated which is cheap tomanufacture, durable of construction, and which has its parts so arranged and constructed that all liability of the same becoming inoperative is obviated.
With the above and other objects in viewv the invention consists in the construction, combination, and arrangement of parts, more fully hereinafter described, claimed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose the preferred form of my invention, and in which- Figure 1 is a vertical central sectional view taken on the line 1 1 of Fig. 2 through the upper portion of a bottle-neck constructed and provided with a closure in accordance with my invention and showing the valveguard in place. Fig. 2 is a similar view taken on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1, the valveguard being omitted. Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, illustrating the manner in which the valve moves oif of itsv seat to permit the bottles contents to be withdrawn when the bottle is canted and showing the guard in place. Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the bottle-neck, the valve-guard being removed. Fig. 5 is a sectional view on line 5 5, Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a detail side elevation of the valve. Fig. 7 is a similar view of the same looking at the valve in another direction. Fig. 8 is a sectional view on line 8 8, Fig. 6, looking in the direction of the arrow. Fig. 9 is a detail side elevation of the valve-guard. Fig. 10 is a view similar thereto looking vat the guard in another direction, the means for retaining the guard in applied position being removed; and Fig. 11 is a detail top plan view of the guard. Fig. 12 is a sectional view of a fragmentary portion of the bottle-neck, illustrating a slightly-modilied form ofthe invention.
Referring to the drawings by referencenumerals, 1 designates the bottle-neck, provided at an intermediate point with a recessed valve-seat 2 and above said valveseat with an enlarged portion 3 of substantially spherical form, as shown, vor of other suitable shape and above the enlarged portion witha shoulder 4. A partition 5 lis arranged within the `enlarged portion 3 and spaced therefrom to provide a passage 6. This partition ,is provided with diametricallyopposed vertical guideways or grooves 7 and intermediate said grooves with openings or passages 8 of any appropriate form and arrangement. A recessed valve 9 is adapted to normally occupy the recessed valve-seat 2, as is fully illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings, and this valve is provided with a pendent portion 10, provided with verticallyarranged openings 11, the purpose of which will be presently set forth. The valve 9 is provided with diametrically-opposed guide members or lugs 12, which are adapted to fit in the grooves 7, whereby said valve is mounted for vertical movement against tilting.
A guard 13 is situated in the upper endlof `the bottle-neck and is adapted to limit the movement of the valve 9 from its seat. This guard is provided with pendent arms 14, which seat within the upper portion of the grooves 7 to prevent the guard from being turned and also to limit the movement of the valve 9. The guard is adapted to rest upon the shoulder 4, whereby its downward movement within the neck is limited, and it is retained securely in the neck by any suitable locking means-such, for instance, as by projecting tangs l-which are removably seated in sockets 15 in the guard and enter recesses 16, provided in the bottle-neck, thereby preventing removal of the guard when in applied position. These engaging portions or tangs 15 are made of spring metal and seated in the guardl 13, as disclosed in Fig. 1 of the drawings, and bent to have their free end projecting laterally from the guard. As the tangs 15are constructed of spring metal, they will readily yield under pressure and permit the guard to be inserted in applied position. After the guard has been posi- IOO tioned within the neck the tangs 15 will spring into the recesses 16, and thus retain the guard in applied position.
The manner of filling the receptacle and the application and operation of the closure may be stated as follows: The bottle is first filled. Then the valve 9 and guard 13 are inserted in applied position, after which a cork may be applied to preserve the bottles contents. When it is desired to remove the contents of the bottle, the cork is first extracted and then the bottle canted. The canting of the bottle will cause the valve 9 to unseat and permit the bottles contents to flow through the openings 11, thence through the openings 8, situated below the valve 9, into the passage 6 of the bottle. The contents of the bottle will then flow from the passage 6 through the openings 8 above the yvalve 9 and out through the mouth of the bottle.
In Fig. 12 of the drawings I have disclosed a modified form of my invention, which resides in providing a plurality of openings 17, leading downwardly from a point above the valve when seated. The bottle-neck in this instance is devoid of the recessed valve-seat, and the downward movement of the valve is limited by the lugs 12 (indicated by dotted lines) engaging the lower walls of the grooves 7, the valve being, however, slightly tapered toward its bottom and the neck correspondingly internally tapered to insure perfect closing of the neck by the valve.
It is apparent that any liquid poured into the bottle will pass out through the openings 17 before the valve can be opened by tilting or otherwise, thus rendering it impossible to refill the bottle.
From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, the construction and advantages of my improved closures for bottles will be -readily apparent without requiring any further extended explanation. It will be seen that the device is simple of construction, that said construction permits of its manufacture at small cost, and that it is exceedingly well adapted for the purpose for which it is designed.
Various changes in the form, proportion,
and the minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the principle or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
Having thus fully described the invention, what is claimed as new is 1. In a bottle-closure, a bottle-neck provided with a valve-seat, and an enlarged portion above said seat and having a partition provided with openings and vertical guideways, a valve, adapted to normally occupy said seat and provided with a pendent portion having openings, said valve being provided with guide portions adapted to engage the guldeways, and a guard adapted to seat above the valve, and provided with pendent members adapted to occupy said guideways for limiting the movement of the valve.
2. In a bottle-closure, a bottle-neck provided with a valve-seat, and having openings leading from a point above said valve-seat to the exterior of the bottle-neck, said neck being also provided with a dome shaped portion and a shoulder located above said portion, a partition arranged within said dome shaped portion and provided with openings and vertically-arranged grooves, a valve provided with a pendent portion having openings, said valve being provided with lugs adapted to occupy said grooves, a guard designed to seat upon said shoulder and pro- .vided with pendent members adapted to fit within said grooves to limit the movement of the valve, and means for retaining said guard Y in applied position.
3. In a bottle, a bottle-neck and a valve mounted therein, said bottle-neck being rovided with a plurality of openings lea ing downwardly from a point above the valve when seated.
4. In a bottle-closure, a bottle-neck pro- Avided with longitudinal guideways, a valve having portions engaged with the guideways, and a guard having projections seated in the ways above the valve.
ERNEST LAGARDE DIMITRY. Witnesses: I JOHN M. RAYMOND, .5, ALBERT DIETTEL. i Vman]
US21714104A 1904-07-18 1904-07-18 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US820401A (en)

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US21714104A US820401A (en) 1904-07-18 1904-07-18 Non-refillable bottle.

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US21714104A US820401A (en) 1904-07-18 1904-07-18 Non-refillable bottle.

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