US791245A - Wrench. - Google Patents

Wrench. Download PDF

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Publication number
US791245A
US791245A US25126405A US1905251264A US791245A US 791245 A US791245 A US 791245A US 25126405 A US25126405 A US 25126405A US 1905251264 A US1905251264 A US 1905251264A US 791245 A US791245 A US 791245A
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United States
Prior art keywords
jaws
bolt
pivot
collar
recesses
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US25126405A
Inventor
Warren S Casterlin
Original Assignee
Warren S Casterlin
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Warren S Casterlin filed Critical Warren S Casterlin
Priority to US25126405A priority Critical patent/US791245A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US791245A publication Critical patent/US791245A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B5/00Clamps
    • B25B5/06Arrangements for positively actuating jaws
    • B25B5/12Arrangements for positively actuating jaws using toggle links

Description

PATENTED MAY 30,1965.
N. TIL*v L' MH TG Sm MR S.W W
APPLIOATION FILED MAR.21, 1905.
nozntoz UNITED STATES Patented Mey eo, 1905.
PATENT OFFICE.
WRENCH.
SPECIFICATION forming part ef Lettere Patent No. 791,245, dated May 3o, 1905. application fue@ Merch 21, 1905. serai No. 251,264.
To all whom, it 7a2/ty concern: 1
Be it known that I, WARREN S. OAsTERLIN,
a citizen of the United States of America, re-
siding at Pittston, in the county of Luzerne yand'State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and vuseful Improvements in- Wrenches, of which the following is such a full, clear, and exact description as'will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof.
` This invention relates to improvements in wrenches of that type which comprise two jaws pivotally connected together and operl ated by handles or levers to grasp a nut or pipe or other article.
rIhe object of the invention is to provide a construction which will remove the strain from the pivot and permit the work to be rmly held; and with this object in view the invention consists in certain novel features of 'the device illustrated in the accompanying drawings, as will be hereinafter firstfully described and then particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view of a wrench embodying the invention. Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the same, taken through the pivot. Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view of the pivot-bolt and the collar thereon, and Figs. 4 and 5 are detail perspective views of the jaws.
kThe jaws 1 1 cross each other at their pivotal connection and beyond said connection may be extended to form lever-handles; but I prefer to pivotally connect them to operating-levers 2, and in the drawings I have illustratedthe arrangement-of adjustable power lever-handles shown in the Patent No.638,378, granted to me December 5, 1899. It will be understood, however, that the particular form of handles or operating-levers is notan essential element of the present invention.
One of the jaws is provided in its face around the pivot-opening with a conical or substantially hemispherical recess 4, while the other jaw is formed with a transverse slot 5, through which the pivot-bolt passes, and on its inner face within the walls of the slotl are formed tapered or approximately hemispherical recesses 6. rPhe pivot-bolt 7 is inserted through the opening 3 and the slot 5, and retaining-nuts 8 9 are mounted on the free end of the same. On the intermediate portion of the pivot-bolt between the jaws is mounted a collar 10 of substantially spherical form adapted to rest in the recesses 4 and 6 of the jaws. rI`he grasping-faces of the jaws are constructed with longitudinal seats 11, having their inner ends dovetailed, as shown at 12, while their outer ends constitute square shoulders 13,formed with grooves 14. Clamping-blocks 15 are fitted in the seats 11 and have their inner ends inclined to snugly engage the dovetailed ends of the seats,while their outer ends are provided with transverse grooves corre` sponding to the grooves 14. Pins 16 are inserted through the registering grooves and secure the blocks in the seats. The outer faces of the said blocks are serrated to present a biting or gripping surface to the work in order that the work may be firmly held without any liability of slipping. The serrations are so arranged that the strain is transmitted to and received by the 4shoulders at the ends of the seats.
By the use of the collar mounted on the pivotbolt between the jaws all strain is removed from the bolt, so that there is no wear on the same, and the only work it is called upon to do is to hold the jaws together. 'Ihe inner nut on the bolt retains the jaws in their proper relative positions, while the outer nut thereon is sim ply a locking-nut to prevent the retainingnut from working loose. The rubbing action of the jaws is taken up by the collar resting in the recesses in the inner faces of the jaws, so that the wear is reduced to a minimum and a smaller bolt may be used than has been heretofore possible. justed to larger or smaller work by loosening the retaining-nut on the pivot-bolt sufiiciently to permit the slotted jaw to be raised from the collar, after which the jaw may be shifted to bring the said collar into engagement with a different recess or socket. The nut is then tightened and the wrench used as before.
The jaws may be ad- The construction of the device is very simple, and the collar is entirely between the two jaws, so that there is no unnecessary multiplication of shoulders or projections.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a tool of thecharacter described, the combination with the jaws, and the pivot-bolt inserted therethrough, of a spherical collar fitted loosely on the bolt and lying entirely between the jaws.
2. In a tool of the character described, the combination with the jaws, one having a single recess in its inner face and the other having a plurality of recesses in its inner face, of a pivot-bolt inserted through the registering recesses, and a collar loosely mounted on the bolt and having its ends engaging thc said rccesses.
3. In a tool of the character described, the combination with the jaws, one having a single recess in its inner face and the other having a transverse slot and a series of recesses in its inner face and in the walls of the said Slot, a pivot-bolt inserted through the registering recesses in the jaws, and a spherical collar mounted on the bolt and engaging the said recesses.
In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
WARREN S. CASTERLIN.
Witnesses:
JAMES R. EHRET, WILLIAM A. FRANCIS.
US25126405A 1905-03-21 1905-03-21 Wrench. Expired - Lifetime US791245A (en)

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US25126405A US791245A (en) 1905-03-21 1905-03-21 Wrench.

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US25126405A US791245A (en) 1905-03-21 1905-03-21 Wrench.

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US791245A true US791245A (en) 1905-05-30

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2574909A (en) * 1948-06-03 1951-11-13 Harold S Willoughby Adjusting means for the jaws of a pivoted jaw wrench
US2857795A (en) * 1955-03-03 1958-10-28 Workman Paul Adjustable pliers
US2972270A (en) * 1959-01-26 1961-02-21 Stanley W Krolick Sheet metal bending tool
US6412375B1 (en) * 2001-05-08 2002-07-02 Yu-Yen Wu Wang Plastic rivet puller

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2574909A (en) * 1948-06-03 1951-11-13 Harold S Willoughby Adjusting means for the jaws of a pivoted jaw wrench
US2857795A (en) * 1955-03-03 1958-10-28 Workman Paul Adjustable pliers
US2972270A (en) * 1959-01-26 1961-02-21 Stanley W Krolick Sheet metal bending tool
US6412375B1 (en) * 2001-05-08 2002-07-02 Yu-Yen Wu Wang Plastic rivet puller

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