US455334A - Latch - Google Patents

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Publication number
US455334A
US455334A US455334DA US455334A US 455334 A US455334 A US 455334A US 455334D A US455334D A US 455334DA US 455334 A US455334 A US 455334A
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United States
Prior art keywords
shank
latch
knob
door
knobs
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B85/00Details of vehicle locks not provided for in groups E05B77/00 - E05B83/00
    • E05B85/20Bolts or detents
    • E05B85/22Rectilinearly moving bolts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/0969Spring projected
    • Y10T292/097Operating means
    • Y10T292/0971Cam and lever
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/0969Spring projected
    • Y10T292/097Operating means
    • Y10T292/0976Sliding cam

Description

ANTHONY ISKB an .ALBERT ISKB'. LATCH. I No. 455,334. Patented July '7, 1891.

` (No Model.)

.UNITED STATES yPrvrrzrrr OFFICE.

ANTHONY ISKE AND ALBERT ISKE, LANCASTER, PENNSYLVANIA.

L ATCH.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N0. 455,334, dated July '7, 1891. Application filed December 11, 1890. Serial No. 374,263- (No model.)

.To all whom it Hwy concern,-

Be it known that we, ANTHONY IsKE and ALBERT ISKE, citizens of the United States, residing at Lancaster,-in the county of Lancaster and State of Pennsylvania,i have in- Vented certain new and useful Improvements y in Door Knobs and Latches; and we do hereby declare the following' to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

The object of this invention is to facilitate the unlatehing and opening of doors by persons whose arms are encumbered, or who for any other reason find it more convenient to merely press forward on the knob than to take hold of it and turn the wrist and hand in the ordinary way. To this end we employ a longitudinally-movable door-knob shank, which is guided so that it cannot turn while thus moving, and being of twisted construction in order that its contact with the squarely-recessed or apertured hub of the latch may turn the latter when the door-knob is pressed upon. A spring surrounding said shank replaces it and the knobs in their normal position when the pressure is withdrawn. y

In the accompanying drawings, Figure l represents a vertical section through the devices embodying my invention, taken in a plane parallel and contiguous to the door-knob shank. Fig. 2 represents a vertical sect-ion of the lock `and shank, taken at rightangles to Fig. 1, several parts being in elevation. Fig. 3 represents a detail view of one of the knobs and the shank; and Figs. 4L and 5 represent a detail View of the escutcheon, showing the guide-groove.

A designates the door, a small part of which only is shown; B, the latch-casing; C, the latch-bolt; D, the rotary hub for withdrawing the same, and E the latch-spring, the said parts B, C, D, and E being constructed, arranged, and mounted in the usual way. The hub D is provided with a square central aperture D', as heretofore, to receive the doorknob shank F. This shank, instead of being straight-sided,as heretofore, from end to end, has only its-terminal parts f thus formed to tit into the square recesses g of knobs G GQ,

which are fastened to it after the usual manner by screws g', the middle part F of said shank being twisted, as shown, through a quarter-circle, so that the face, which at one end is on top, will at the other end be at the side of said shank. This twisted middle part F passes through the opening D of the said hub. A. helical replacing' spring H surrounds the said shank, bearing at one end against the said latch-casing B and at the other end against the tubular recessed part g of knob G.- On this recessed part of said knob a guidefrib I is formed externally. This rib tits an internal guide-groove J of an escutcheon K, fastened, as usual, to said door. The said guide-rib and guide-groove, when engaged, allow the endwise motion of said shank and the inward and outward motion of the knobs accompanying it, but prevent the knobs and shanks from turning. The said rib is normallyoutside of said groove and escutcheon.

The operation is as follows: The knob G l being pressed inward, the'shank F moves with it endwise, the twisted part F passing through the square recess D ofthe hub, so that the Contact of the faces of said twisted part with the inner faces of the hub necessarily turns the latter and withdraws the latch-bolt, the replacing-spring H being compressed simultaneously by the inward movement of the tubular part g of knob G, and the latchspring E being of course put under tension. The withdrawal of pressure on said knob leaves both of these springs free to act, and by reversing the operation above described they restore all the parts to their former position. Vhen the door is to be opened from the other side, the knob G is merely turned in the usual way, the spring I-I holding the` ribI out of the groove J. The latch may also be operated in this way from door-knob G, the latter in that case not being pressed upon.

A shank and escutcheon constructed as described may be used with any ordinary doorlatch intended for opening by rotary knobs.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

IOC

In combination with :L door-knohhaving a In testimony whereof we aix our signatures rib Iintegral therewith, a fixed escntoheon K, in presence of two witnesses. Y

having an internal groove J corresponding` to said rib, zt twisted shank attached to said E' 5 knob, a latch having t hub through which said shank moves longitudinally, and a re fitnessesz placing-spring operating on said shank, snb- JAS. B. DONNELLY,

stantially as set forth.

P. DONNELLY. e

US455334D Latch Expired - Lifetime US455334A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2729486A (en) * 1954-04-13 1956-01-03 Jamison Cold Storage Door Comp Mechanism for operating a refrigerator door fastener
US2823940A (en) * 1956-10-31 1958-02-18 Midwest Mfg Corp Refrigerator door safety release
US3314704A (en) * 1964-06-17 1967-04-18 John L Jensen Door latch assembly
US5029916A (en) * 1990-10-24 1991-07-09 Chiu I Hsin Push-pull door lock
US5577780A (en) * 1995-07-25 1996-11-26 Justice; Terry Push/pull latch assembly
FR2955882A1 (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-08-05 Patrick Yves Galtier Compact closing and opening device for internal communication door, has push button whose translational movement is transmitted to cam by reversible helicoidal transformation system by screw thread with steep slope
US8393654B2 (en) 2003-08-26 2013-03-12 Kwikset Corporation Turn-button with leading helical end portion
WO2013105850A1 (en) 2012-01-09 2013-07-18 Handels-En Beheermaatschappij A.A. De Groot Uithoorn B.V. Operating device to control and drive a closing and/or locking mechanism of a door, window or panel.

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2729486A (en) * 1954-04-13 1956-01-03 Jamison Cold Storage Door Comp Mechanism for operating a refrigerator door fastener
US2823940A (en) * 1956-10-31 1958-02-18 Midwest Mfg Corp Refrigerator door safety release
US3314704A (en) * 1964-06-17 1967-04-18 John L Jensen Door latch assembly
US5029916A (en) * 1990-10-24 1991-07-09 Chiu I Hsin Push-pull door lock
US5577780A (en) * 1995-07-25 1996-11-26 Justice; Terry Push/pull latch assembly
US8393654B2 (en) 2003-08-26 2013-03-12 Kwikset Corporation Turn-button with leading helical end portion
FR2955882A1 (en) * 2010-02-01 2011-08-05 Patrick Yves Galtier Compact closing and opening device for internal communication door, has push button whose translational movement is transmitted to cam by reversible helicoidal transformation system by screw thread with steep slope
WO2013105850A1 (en) 2012-01-09 2013-07-18 Handels-En Beheermaatschappij A.A. De Groot Uithoorn B.V. Operating device to control and drive a closing and/or locking mechanism of a door, window or panel.

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