US453105A - bretney - Google Patents

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US453105A
US453105A US453105DA US453105A US 453105 A US453105 A US 453105A US 453105D A US453105D A US 453105DA US 453105 A US453105 A US 453105A
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tank
water
pipe
egress
gate
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/08Vortex chamber constructions
    • B04C5/081Shapes or dimensions

Description

(No Model.) l 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
E. BRETNEY. WATER PURIFIER Y Patented May 26,1891.
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' @wi/hmmm (No Model.) 2 sheets-sheen 21 E. BRETNEY. WATER PURIFIER.
No. 453,105. Patented My 26, 1891.-
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EUGENE BRETNEY, OF INDIANAPOLIS, IDIANA.
WATER-PU RIFIER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 453,105, dated May 26, 1891. Application iiled November 3, 1890. Serial No. 370,176.. 4(No model.)
T0 all wlwm, 'it may concern:
Beit known that I, EUGENE BEETNE Y, a citizen of the United States, residing at Indianapolis, in the county of Marion and State 5 of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in later-Purifiers, of which the followingfis a specification.
The object of my said invention is to free wateror other liquids from impurities by the 1o employment of centrifugal force, resulting 2o parts, Figure 1 is a side elevation of an apparatus embodying my said invention; Fig 2, a top or plan view of the same, and Fig. 3 a central vertical sectional view thereof on the dotted line 3 3 in Fig. 2.
ln said drawings, the portions marked A represent au ingress-pipe through which water is introduced into my apparatus; B, the main body or tank thereof; C, a supplemental tank or settling-chamber; D, a gate located in the main tank just over the opening into the supplemental tank, and E an egress-pipe. rlhe ingress pipe A leads from any convenient source of water-supply to the upper portion of the main tank, to which it is preferably connected at one side thereof, so that the inflow shall be tangential thereto. rlhe water being introduced under pressure this causes a vertical-motion of the `water inside the tank, resulting in the purication of the water, as will be presently described. The pipe is preferably connected, as shown most plainly in Fig. l, to a raised portion B2 on the cover or upper end of the tank near its edge, which raised portion continues around said cover circumferentially,
tapering downwardly as it progresses until .it reaches the level of the cover just behind Where it starts and where the pipe A enters. The under side of the cover is grooved correwhich aids in giving the water the desired motion, and, indeed, when this construction is employed the tangential approach of the pipe is not'indispensable. The pipe should be provided with a valve A', by which the iniiow of the water may be controlled, and by which it maybe shut olf altogether when desired.
The main body or tank B is preferably in the shape of an inverted cone, being largest at its upper end and tapering down gradually nearly to a point. It is provided with a cover B', which preferably embodies the raised portion B2, into which the ingress-pipe enters, as has already been described. It should also be provided with a bridge-piece b, near the lower end, to which to connect the adjustable gate D. Where the supplemental tank is employed, this tank B should be provided-with a iiange B3 to serve as a top for said supplemental tank. The tapering form .is of value for two reasons-it causes the impurities, when they are driven to the periphery, to descend in a substantial straight line to the oriice, which is at the point of the cone, and it also reduces the diameter of the whirling body of water at the point farthest from the ingress-pipe, which is also the source of power.
rlhe supplemental tank C, when used, is of substantially the same form as the main tank B, but may be and preferably is of a smaller ber into which the sediment separated from the water will descend, and from which it may be afterward drawn off by means of a blow- 0E valve C.
The gate D is preferably in the form of a cone, and provided with a downwardly-extending stem cl in the form of a screw-rod, which passes through a correspondinglyscrew-threaded hole in the bridge-piece b, and is thus' capable of adjustment. rlhis screwthreaded stem should be provided with a locknut c to hold it securely in place after it has been adj usted. In operation this gate should be adjusted so as to leave a narrow annular opening between its edge and the interior surface of the tank B adjacent thereto just sufficient to permit the sediment separated from the water to pass through with facility.
The egress-pipe E starts from a point on a line passing centrally vertically through the apparatus a short distance below the cover and passes up centrally through said cover or top off to the place to which it is desired size. When used, it serves as a settling-chamto convey or discharge the purified water. lt should be provided with a valve E', by which the discharge may be regulated or cut oft, and also with an air-cock E2, by which any air which may pass into the apparatus with the water may be allowed to escape. l
As will be readily understood, when water is introduced into the tank B it gradually expels the air until it reaches the level of the lower end of the pipe E, but there being no opening in the tank above this level that portion of the air above said level will be coniined in the space it occupies and will form an air-cushion against which the upper surface of the body of water in the tank will press. This keeps the upper surface of the water free from contact with the inner surface of the cover of the tank, and the motion of the water is thereby facilitated, while there is also a space provided so that any impurities driven to the surface of the water may iioat thereon. The pressure of the water will always compress the air somewhat, so that its upper surface will always be somewhat above the lower end of said pipe E, and therefore there is no danger of any impurities floating on the surface being drawn or forced into said 1 e. p glhe operation or process of purifying water with myimproved apparatus may be described as follows: As above stated, the water enters under pressure in atangential direction, which causes avortical motion in the body of water inside the main tank, and the impurities therein are thus driven by centrifugal force to the outer portion of the body of water next to the interiorsurface ot' the sides of the tankdown which said impurities will naturally descend to the bottom, and where the supplemental tank is provided they will pass through into said supplemental tank, which thus becomes a receptacle for such impurities. The egress-pipe, starting as it does from near the center of the body of water, receives the water in its purified condition, and in that condition 'the water is driven off through this pipe by the same pressure with which it is introduced into the apparatus.
I have shown and prefer to use a supplemental tank as a receptacle for the sediment or settling-chamber, but I have successfully used in actual practice an apparatus otherwise similar, but without this tank, and without the gate D, attaching the blow-oli' valve directly to the lower point of the main tank l5. It will be apparent, however, that` with such a construction the blow-ott` valve would necessarily have tobe opened `more frequently than where a sediment-receptacle is provided, as is shown and described herein. The gate D might be used when the supplemental tank was not used, in which case it would substantially cut off the settled sediment from the whirling body of water, and would thus aid somewhat in the operation.
My whole apparatus is shown as supported by legs standing on a floor, and I have used it in connection with the business of manufacturingice;but it may obviouslybe mounted in anyway and used for any desired purpose. There are sonne features also shown and described' herein which, while desirable, are subsidiary to the main or leading device, and may be dispensed with or varied without departing from my principal invention.
Having thus fully described my said invention, whatI claim as new, and desire to secure ingress-pipe through which the water4 enters under pressure, said egress-pipe being located centrally and extending down into the -tank from the upper end, said tank being air-tight above the level of the lower end of said pipe, whereby when water is introduced in said tank it will first fill the tank to about the level of the bottom end of said pipe and be held from reaching the top by the cushion formed by the confined air, substantially as set forth. v
4. The combination, in an apparatus for purifying water, of a tank, a tangential ingress-pipe through which the water enters under pressure, and an egress-pipe, the egresspipe starting from a central point within the tank and leading thence up through the upper end thereofand off to the point of discharge, and an air-cock in said egress-pipe, whereby when water is introduced into the tank the air therein may be allowed to escape until the water reaches the level of the lower end of the egress-pipe, aft-er which said air will be confined and form an air-cushion, substantially as set forth.
5. An apparatus for purifying water, consisting of a tank, a tangential ingress-pipe,
a central egress-pipe, valves in said pipes, and an air-cock also in said egress-pipe.
(i. The combination, in an apparatus for purifying water, of a tank in the form of an inverted cone, a tangential inlet-pipe whereby the water is introduced under pressure, a central egress-pipe, and an internal centrally-located gate the periphery whereof is arranged in proximity to the interior adjacent surface of the tank, substantially as set forth.
7. The combination, in an apparatus for purifying water, of a tank inthe form of an inverted cone, an in gress-pipe, an egress-pipe, and an internal centrally-located gate the periphery whereof is arranged in proximity to the interior surface of the tank, and which is adjustable on its support, whereby an open- IIO ing of greater or loss width niay be secured between said gate and saidtank, substantially as set forth. y
S. The combination, in an apparatus for purifying water, of a main tank in the form of an inverted cone, a bridge-piece extending across it interiorly near its lower end, which bridge-piece is provided with a screw-threat1 ed hole, and a gate, said gate having a screwthreaded stem which enters the hole in the bridge-piece, whereby the annular opening between the periphery of the gate and the interior surface of the tank may be varied.
9. Inan apparatus for purifying water, a
tank the upper end whereof is provided with' an annular raised portion extending` around it at or near its edge, which gradually tapers downwardly from the point of commencement and to which the ingress-pipe is connected, substantially as set forth.
10. In an apparatus for purifying water, a tank the cover or upper end whereof is provided with a raised portion, in which is a hole, to which the ingress-pipe is connected, which hole develops into a groove On the under side of said cover Or end, and which groove is annular in form and tapers gradually until it linally disappears, whereby the vortical n10- tion of the water is assisted, substantially as set forth.
ll. rlhe combination, in an apparatus for purifying water, of a tank, an ingress-pipe, an annular raised portion to which said ingresspipe is connected and which tapers gradually from the point of said connection and finally disappears, and a centrally-arranged egress-pipe, said pipes being provided with the necessary valves.
12. The combination, in an apparatus for purifying water, of a main tank, a tangential ingress-pipe, a central egress-pipe, a supplemental tank or sediment-receptacle attached to the lower end of the main tank, and a blowoff valve attached to the lower end of said receptacle, said main tank and said receptacle being each of the form of an inverted cone.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal at Indianapolis, Indiana, this 29th day of October, A. D. 1890.
EUGENE BRETNEY.
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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2532885A (en) * 1947-04-11 1950-12-05 Berges Andre Charles Vortex type separator for paper pulp
US2550341A (en) * 1945-08-28 1951-04-24 Directie Staatsmijnen Nl Process for controlling the concentrations of suspensions
US2550340A (en) * 1945-08-07 1951-04-24 Directie Staatsmijnen Nl Process for the separation of solid substances of different specific gravity and grain size
US2622735A (en) * 1949-09-09 1952-12-23 Heyl & Patterson Vortex control system
US2654479A (en) * 1938-12-28 1953-10-06 Directie Van De Staatsmijnen D Separation of suspensions of solid matter in liquids
DE942201C (en) * 1938-12-28 1956-04-26 Der Niederlaendische Staat Ver Process for thickening Trueben by centrifugal action
US2909283A (en) * 1957-01-23 1959-10-20 Ferros Metals Res Co Ltd Mineral concentrating and separating apparatus
US2931508A (en) * 1957-09-13 1960-04-05 Whirlpool Co Single phase hydraulic separator
US3003346A (en) * 1957-05-09 1961-10-10 Whirlpool Co Laundry machine with hydraulic separator
US3025965A (en) * 1957-10-10 1962-03-20 Phillips Petroleum Co Hydraulic cyclone unit
DE1186001B (en) * 1959-05-29 1965-01-28 Coal Industry Patents Ltd Hydrocyclone for the wet processing of weight-differentiated material
US3289608A (en) * 1965-04-23 1966-12-06 Jr Claude C Laval Separating device
US3341983A (en) * 1964-10-06 1967-09-19 Baldenhofer Method and apparatus for continuously clarifying machine tool coolant and the like
US3516551A (en) * 1967-06-13 1970-06-23 Grubbens & Co Ab Cyclone separator
US4097358A (en) * 1976-08-30 1978-06-27 Diamond Shamrock Corporation Apparatus for release of an entrained gas in a liquid medium
WO1982002344A1 (en) * 1981-01-15 1982-07-22 Co Inc Donaldson Fluid recovery system
US4366069A (en) * 1981-04-16 1982-12-28 Donaldson Company, Inc. Coolant recovery system
US4375411A (en) * 1981-04-16 1983-03-01 Donaldson Company, Inc. Device for limiting vortex flow
US5273647A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-12-28 Tuszko Wlodzimierz J Negative pressure hydrocyclone separation method and apparatus
US6238579B1 (en) 1998-05-12 2001-05-29 Mba Polymers, Inc. Device for separating solid particles in a fluid stream
US20030166269A1 (en) * 2000-05-11 2003-09-04 Wolf-Dieter Deckwer Method for separating viable cells from cell suspensions
US20100069217A1 (en) * 2008-09-16 2010-03-18 Kazuyoshi Aoki Solid-liquid separator
US7934606B2 (en) 2007-05-24 2011-05-03 Advanced Petroleum Technologies, Inc. Induced vortex particle separator
US20170190599A1 (en) * 2016-01-04 2017-07-06 California State University, Fresno Hydrocyclone and method to remove particles from liquid streams

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2654479A (en) * 1938-12-28 1953-10-06 Directie Van De Staatsmijnen D Separation of suspensions of solid matter in liquids
DE942201C (en) * 1938-12-28 1956-04-26 Der Niederlaendische Staat Ver Process for thickening Trueben by centrifugal action
US2550340A (en) * 1945-08-07 1951-04-24 Directie Staatsmijnen Nl Process for the separation of solid substances of different specific gravity and grain size
DE976488C (en) * 1945-08-28 1963-10-03 Stamicarbon Device for separating liquid suspensions from solid mixtures into two fractions that can be regulated according to concentration by means of several hydrocyclones connected in parallel
US2550341A (en) * 1945-08-28 1951-04-24 Directie Staatsmijnen Nl Process for controlling the concentrations of suspensions
US2532885A (en) * 1947-04-11 1950-12-05 Berges Andre Charles Vortex type separator for paper pulp
US2622735A (en) * 1949-09-09 1952-12-23 Heyl & Patterson Vortex control system
US2909283A (en) * 1957-01-23 1959-10-20 Ferros Metals Res Co Ltd Mineral concentrating and separating apparatus
US3003346A (en) * 1957-05-09 1961-10-10 Whirlpool Co Laundry machine with hydraulic separator
US2931508A (en) * 1957-09-13 1960-04-05 Whirlpool Co Single phase hydraulic separator
US3025965A (en) * 1957-10-10 1962-03-20 Phillips Petroleum Co Hydraulic cyclone unit
DE1186001B (en) * 1959-05-29 1965-01-28 Coal Industry Patents Ltd Hydrocyclone for the wet processing of weight-differentiated material
US3341983A (en) * 1964-10-06 1967-09-19 Baldenhofer Method and apparatus for continuously clarifying machine tool coolant and the like
US3289608A (en) * 1965-04-23 1966-12-06 Jr Claude C Laval Separating device
US3516551A (en) * 1967-06-13 1970-06-23 Grubbens & Co Ab Cyclone separator
US4097358A (en) * 1976-08-30 1978-06-27 Diamond Shamrock Corporation Apparatus for release of an entrained gas in a liquid medium
WO1982002344A1 (en) * 1981-01-15 1982-07-22 Co Inc Donaldson Fluid recovery system
US4366069A (en) * 1981-04-16 1982-12-28 Donaldson Company, Inc. Coolant recovery system
US4375411A (en) * 1981-04-16 1983-03-01 Donaldson Company, Inc. Device for limiting vortex flow
US5273647A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-12-28 Tuszko Wlodzimierz J Negative pressure hydrocyclone separation method and apparatus
US6238579B1 (en) 1998-05-12 2001-05-29 Mba Polymers, Inc. Device for separating solid particles in a fluid stream
US6878545B2 (en) * 2000-05-11 2005-04-12 Gesellschaft Fuer Biotechnologische Forschung Mbh (Gbf) Method for separating viable cells from cell suspensions
US20030166269A1 (en) * 2000-05-11 2003-09-04 Wolf-Dieter Deckwer Method for separating viable cells from cell suspensions
US7934606B2 (en) 2007-05-24 2011-05-03 Advanced Petroleum Technologies, Inc. Induced vortex particle separator
US20100069217A1 (en) * 2008-09-16 2010-03-18 Kazuyoshi Aoki Solid-liquid separator
US8252179B2 (en) * 2008-09-16 2012-08-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Solid-liquid separator
US20170190599A1 (en) * 2016-01-04 2017-07-06 California State University, Fresno Hydrocyclone and method to remove particles from liquid streams
US10703648B2 (en) * 2016-01-04 2020-07-07 California State University, Fresno Hydrocyclone and method to remove particles from liquid streams

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