US439578A - Pocket-lamp - Google PatentsPocket-lamp Download PDF
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- US439578A US439578A US439578DA US439578A US 439578 A US439578 A US 439578A US 439578D A US439578D A US 439578DA US 439578 A US439578 A US 439578A
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- 239000008188 pellet Substances 0.000 description 13
- 239000002250 absorbent Substances 0.000 description 3
- 238000003780 insertion Methods 0.000 description 3
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 description 3
- 230000002745 absorbent Effects 0.000 description 2
- 210000003813 Thumb Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 238000004880 explosion Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000002657 fibrous material Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000009527 percussion Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000000126 substance Substances 0.000 description 1
- F—MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
- F23—COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
- F23Q—IGNITION; EXTINGUISHING-DEVICES
- F23Q2/00—Lighters containing fuel, e.g. for cigarettes
- F23Q2/02—Lighters with liquid fuel fuel which is fluid at atmospheric pressure
- F23Q2/04—Lighters with liquid fuel fuel which is fluid at atmospheric pressure with cerium-iron alloy and wick with friction ignition
- F23Q2/10—Lighters with liquid fuel fuel which is fluid at atmospheric pressure with cerium-iron alloy and wick with friction ignition with other friction member
J. H. FARREL.
No. 439,578. Patented Oct. 28, 1890.
UNITED STATES PATENT EEICE.
JoI-IN II. EARREL, oE oAMDEN, NEw JEEsEY, AssIGNoE rro HENRY w; MAYEAUM, oE PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATIGN forming part of Letters Patent No. 439,578, dated October 28, 1890.
Application filed J une 19, 1890.
To @ZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN H. FARREL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Camden, in the county of Camden and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pocket-Lamps, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to that class of lighting devices designated as pocket-lamps, provided with devices for feeding and exploding by frictional contact with a device, a fulminating pellet or cap applied to a tape, strip, or ribbon to ignite means concealed within a housing.
The principal objects of my invention are, iirst, to provide a cheap, compact, reliable, and convenient lamp adapted to be carried in the pocket with perfect safety, and, second, to provide a pocket-lamp adapted to contain a narrow strip or ribbon having fulminatingpellets or percussion-caps applied thereto, and fed by simple and eifective means to cause not only the pellets or caps thereof to be exploded by frictional contact with a scratcher to ignite a light-producing appliance in connection with the lamp, but also to permit the used strip, tape, or ribbon to be wound up, so that it may be easily removed for the insertion of another strip, tape, or ribbon provided with caps or pellets.
My invention consists of a pocket-lamp adapted for the employment of a suitable tape, strip, or ribbon having fulminating pellets or caps applied thereto, and the device constructed, arranged, andadapted for operation substantially in the manner hereinafter described.
The particular characteristic features of the invention will be niore fully understood from the accompanying drawings, forming part hereof, and in which- Figure 1 is a perspective View of a pocketlamp embodying the features of my invention and showing the housing thereof in an open position, with the narrow strip, tape, or ribbon provided with fulminating pellets or caps mounted therein; and Fig. 2 is a similar view of alamp, showing the two-part housing in a closed position, with its cover thrown back and in a position to permit of the actuation of the toothed disk for causing the tape,
Serial No. 356,007. (No model.)
strip, or ribbon to be fed and ignited by frictional contact with a scratcher disposed adjacent to the wick of the lamp to produce a iiame thereat.
Referring to the drawings, Ais the divided and recessed housing of the lamp provided with a receptacle ct, adapted to receive oil and an absorbent material or substance, and said receptacle provided with a hinged cover ct. This cover is provided with a tube a2, adapted to permit of the insertion therethrough of a wick a3, held in the receptacle in contact with fibrous material immersed or saturated with a suitable oil for maintaining the wick in a condition to readily permit of its -being ignited or lighted at the exposed end of the tube a2 in a manner to be hereinafter fully described.
b is a retaining pin or lug secured to the wall a4 of the oil-receptacle a.
c is a stud-pin secured to the wall of said oil receptacle and provided with a loose sleeve c.
d is a toothed disk mounted on a pin d', secured into the wall of the oil-receptacle a.. This toothed disk d is arranged so that a portion thereof will project beyond the recessed portion of the two-part housing of the lamp.
e is a curved spring adapted to normally engage with the toothed disk d to prevent said disk from being turned in a reverse direction. The pin d of the disk d is bifurcated for a purpose to be presently described.
f is a stationary scratcher attached to the hinged cover a of the oil-receptacle a.
g is a narrow strip or ribbon of muslin, linen, or other suitable material provided with percussion caps or fulminating-pellets g, disposed at suitable distances apart along the same. The narrow tape,'strip, or ribbon g, formed into a coil, is inserted onto the retaining pin or lug l) and then led around the loose sleeve c of the stud-pin c, and the forward end thereof coiled around and between the bifurcated pin d', as shown in Fig. 1,and the divided housing then closed, as shown in Fig. 2, with its cover A thrown rearward and with the latch o7 of one part of the housing caused to engage in the small recess or opening a@ in the wall of the oil-receptacle a. The disk d is then actuated by the thumb or in too4 any other preferred manner, and the narrow strip or ribbon fed upward from the retain ing-pin h around the loose sleeve e of the stud-pin c, where the individual caps or pellets of the narrow strip or-ribbon g are brought by the operation into frietional contact with the stationary serateher f, thereby causing the same to be exploded and the wick aS at the exposed end of the tube a2 to be lighted. The tape, strip, or ribbon g, after its caps or pellets have been exploded simultaneously with the feeding of the same, is wound around the bifureated pin d of the toothed disk d until the entire strip has been rendered use less by the consumption of all of the caps or pellets thereof, 'when the strip or ribbon may be readily removed and another inserted by simply causing the lamp to assume a position, such as is illustrated in Fig. 1.
In the manufacture of the strips or ribbons it will of course be understood that the pellets or caps thereof should be omitted for a short distance from the extrcmital portion of the tape, strip, or ribbon, in order that all possibility of accident or explosion in the insertion of the same around and between the bifureated pin d of the toothed disk d may be obviated. The stud-pin e, instead of being provided with a loose sleeve e', may be formed integral therewith, and, moreover, this sleeve is preferably milled in the direction of its length to insure greater certainty in action in the feeding of the strip or ribbon for presenting the individual pellets or caps thereof to the serateherf.
llaving thus described the nature and ob jects of my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. A pocket-lamp provided with a divided housing and cover, an oil-retainer therein having a wick-holder and scrateher, a retainer adapted to hold a narrow percussion-teme, strip, or ribbon, a stud-pin supported adjacent to said seratcher for said tape, strip, or ribbon to travel over, and a toothed disk extending through the easing at one side and adapted to permit of said tape, strip or ribbon being caused to frietionally Contact with said serateher and the said disk provided with a pin adapted to permit of said tape, strip, or ribbon being wound thereon, substantially as set forth.
2. A poeket-lamp provided with a two-part housing and a hinged cover, an oil-retainer adapted to support in position a wick and scratcher, a pin or lug adapted to hold a nar row tape, strip, or ribbon provided with caps or pellets, a stud-pin provided with a milled sleeve, a toothed disk journaled in said housing and provided with means adapted to permit of said tape, strip, or ribbon being wound thereon, and a spring normally engaging with a tooth of said disk, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
3. A pocket-lamp provided with a divided housing, an oil-absorbent retainer' therein provided with a tube adapted to expose a wick, a seratcher, a retaining-pin, a tape, strip, or ribbon provided with fulminating pellets or caps mounted thereon, a pin provided with a sleeve, a toothed disk partially exposed beyond said housing and provided with means to permit of said tape, strip, or ribbon being wound thereon, and a spring to preventa re verse movement of said disk, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
4. A poeket-lamp provided with an eiland absorbent material receptacle having a wiektube and a seratcher, a retainer located in the lower part ol. the lamp-casing, a toothed disk extending through one side of said casing and provided with a pin or lug adapted to receive an ignitible strip, tape, or ribbon, a stud-pin in the upper part of said easing having a loose sleeve mounted thereon, and said disk by the actuation thereof causing said strip, tape, or ribbon to contact with said serateher, substantially in the manner set forth.
In witness whereof l have hereunto set my signature in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOI-IN 1l. FARREL.
GEO. W. REED, THOMAS M. SMITH.
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US439578A true US439578A (en)||1890-10-28|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US439578D Expired - Lifetime US439578A (en)||Pocket-lamp|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||US439578A (en)|
- US US439578D patent/US439578A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
|US1045683A (en)||Lighting device.|
|US451301A (en)||Pocket-lam p|
|US480267A (en)||Pocket lamp or lighting device|
|US480500A (en)||Lighting device|
|US429329A (en)||And ephraim m|
|US482587A (en)||Lighting device|
|US440265A (en)||Elias b|
|US505185A (en)||Half to charles r|
|US479222A (en)||Pocket-lamp or lighting device|
|US577609A (en)||William trabue|
|US471985A (en)||Stuart g|
|US580298A (en)||William trabue|
|US421918A (en)||Gas-lighting device|
|US478953A (en)||Robert j|
|US480207A (en)||Lighting device|
|US442534A (en)||John f|