US480500A - Lighting device - Google Patents

Lighting device Download PDF

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US480500A
US480500A US480500DA US480500A US 480500 A US480500 A US 480500A US 480500D A US480500D A US 480500DA US 480500 A US480500 A US 480500A
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housing
cover
scratcher
strip
ribbon
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23QIGNITION; EXTINGUISHING-DEVICES
    • F23Q2/00Lighters containing fuel, e.g. for cigarettes
    • F23Q2/18Lighters with solid fuel
    • F23Q2/24Lighters with solid fuel ignition pills or strips with inflammable parts

Description

(No Model.)-
E. KRONENBERG. LIGHTING DEVIGE.
No. 480,500. Patented Aug. 9, 1892.
UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE.
EDWARD KRONENBERG, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
LIGHTING DEVICE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 480,500, dated August 9, 1892.
Application filed March 6, 1891.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, EDWARD KRONENBERG, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Lighting Devices, of which the following is a specification.
My present invention relates to that class of lighting devices designated as pocketlamps, and provided with a lid or cover, a suitable wick, a strip, tape, or ribbon having pellets, caps, or ignitible material applied thereto, and means for contacting with and exploding the same in order to light the wick.
The principal objects of my present inven tion are, first, to provide simple, durable, and efficient means adapted to be automatically actuated by the opening and closing of the lid or cover of the device to feed a strip, tape, or ribbon provided with pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material into close proximity with a suitable wick, and, second, to provide means accessible from the exterior of the housing and adapted to release a lid or cover and to actuate a scratcher or ignitor to cause the pellets, fnlminates, or ignitible material in proximity to a wick or suitable light-producing appliance to be ignited.
My invention consists of a lighting device comprising a housing provided with a hinged cover, an adjustable oil and wick reservoir, an appliance for feeding and winding upon itself a fulminating tape, strip, or ribbon, an ignitor or scratcher, and devices connected with said cover and feedingappliance and adapted to automatically actuate the latter by the closing of the cover.
My invention further consists of a lighting device provided with a housing having a hinged cover and an extinguisher, an oil and wick reservoir, a feeding appliance winding and holding upon itself a tape, strip, or ribbon containing fnlminates or pellets of ignitible material, an ignitor or scratcher, and means for actuating said ignitor or scratcher and for causing said feeding appliance to be rotated.
My invention further consists of a lighting device comprising a housing, a wick, a feeding appliance for winding upon itself a tape, strip, or ribbon having pellets, fulminates, or
Serial No. 384,035. (No model.)
ignitible material applied thereto, means for rotating the same, a hand-knob outside of said housing and connected with a scratcher or ignitor adapted to contact with and ignite said pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material.
My invention further consists of a lighting device comprising a housing, a hinged cover, a spring-catch accessible from the exterior of the housing and adapted to engage said cover, a wick, a feeding appliance for winding upon itself a tape, strip, or ribbon having pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material applied thereto, pawl-and-ratchet connections between said cover and feeding device, ahand-knob outside of said housing and adapted to contact with and release'said spring-catch, and an ignitor or scratcher connected with said knob, so that when the hand-knob is actuated the cover is thrown open and the wicklighted and when the cover is closed the tape, strip, or ribbon is advanced; and my invention further consists in the improvements hereinafter fully described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
The nature and objects of my present invention will be more fully understood from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, forming part hereof, and in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of a lighting device embodying features of my invention and showing a hinged cover and two-part housing in open position, so as to expose to view the parts of the device; and Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the two-part housing in a closed position and showing, also, the upper portion of the hinged lid or cover broken away.
In the drawings the housing a comprises two parts a and a preferably hinged together and provided with a spring-latch a for retainin g the two parts normally in a closed position.
a is a cover hinged to the part a of the housing and adapted to be automatically opened by means of a spring a attached to the interior of the housing a and contacting with the interior of the cover a.
a is a spring-catch adapted to engage the cover a when the latter is closed and provided with a lug a extending through a suitable slot formed in the housing a, so that ICO when the stud a is pressed the catch a releases the cover a, whereupon the spring a causes the latter to fly open, as shown in Fig. 1.
b is a slightly-curved guide-plate provided with a slot 1) and attached to or formed integral with the part a of the housing. This plate I) serves to direct the tape, strip, or ribbon and to support the same during the operation of igniting the pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material, as will be hereinafter m ore fully described.
d is a wick and oil receptacle attached to the part a of the housing, so that when the housing is in a closed position the wick is in proximity to the guide-plate b, Fig. 2, and when the housing is in an open position the oilreceptacle may be conveniently filled. This wick and oil receptacle (1 is preferably supported loosely by means of loops (1', attached to the part a. of the housing, Fig. 1, and is provided with a stud 01 working in the slot in the part a of the housing, so that the receptacle d may be shifted upward in order to cause the lighted wick to project beyond the housing and downward into thehousing when the lamp is not in use.
d is a set-screw adapted to engage the stud d in order to clamp the receptacle (1 to place after it has been adjusted.
d, Fig. 1, is an extinguisher attached to the interior of the cover a and adapted to extinguish the wick when the cover a is closed.
e is a roller or other suitable appliance supported by the part a. of the housing and adapted to retain a strip, tape, or ribbon having a supply of pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material .2 applied thereto.
f is a drum provided with slots f for engaging the end of the tape, strip, or ribbon a: and journaled to the side a of the housing, so that the strip, tape, or ribbon a: is led from the roller e past the guide-plate b and slot b and is attached to the drum f by passing the end of the tape, strip, or ribbon into the slot f. This tape, strip, or ribbon 00 is fed forward by rotating the drum f and winding the strip, tape, or ribbon thereon. The drum f is rotated by means of pawl-and-ratchet connections comprising a ratchet-wheel f connected with the drum, and apawl f actuated by the cover a and adapted to engage the teeth of the ratchet-wheel f In the drawings this pawl f is represented as pivotally attached to the spring a but it will be readily understood that the pawl f could, if preferred, be pivotally attached to the cover a the object being to cause the cover a in closing to push the pawl forward-that is, toward the left in the drawings-so as to rotate the drum f in order to feed the strip or.
f is a projection attached to the pawl f and adapted to engage a pin f on the part a. of the housing, in order to prevent the pawl f from being accidentally turned'out of operative position.
g is a rotatable spindle supported in bearplate b.
g is an arm located outside of the housing and provided with a hand-knob g This arm 9 is attached to the spindle g and serves to rotate the same. Moreover, when the handknob g is forced downward the arm g contacts with and presses the lug a", thus actuating the spring catch a and releasing the spring-actuated cover a.
g is a scratcher or ignitor keyed or otherwise attached to the spindle g and adapted to contact with and frictionally ignite the pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material m when the hand-knob g is turned.
g is a spiral spring attached to the housmg 0. and spindle g and adapted to normally maintain the arm g out of contact with the lug 0t and the scratcher g out of contact with the pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material w.
h and h are stop-pins adapted to limit the movements of the arm g and attached to the housing a; butit must be borne in mind that these pins may be located within the housing and that any suitable stopping device may be employed in lieu thereof, the object being to prevent the scratcher or ignitor g from being turned too far in one direction or the other.
In use the wick d protruding from the oilreceptacle d, maybe lighted and the cover 0; opened by the simple operation of pressing the hand-knob g downward. This motion of the hand-knob releases the spring-catch a and causes the scratcher or ignitor to be shifted into contact with and to frictionally ignite one of the pellets or fulminates or the ignitible material as in close proximity to the wick, whereby the latter is lighted. The receptacle d may then be shifted upward and clamped to place by means of the set-screw d in order to cause the wick to extend outside of the housing, so as to be available for lighting cigars and pipes and other purposes.
The lamp may be extinguished by first releasing the set-screw cl and then closing the cover a, whereupon the extinguisher d envelopes and extinguishes the wick and the pawl-and-ratchet connections cause the portion of tape, strip, or ribbon :20, containing the exploded pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material, to be wound onto the feeding device f, whereby a fresh or unexploded pellet or fulminate is brought beneath the scratcher or ignitor g and into position for being ignited thereby, when the cover is again opened. When all the pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material on the strip have been ignited, the portion a of the housing may be opened, as illustrated in Fig. 1, and such strip, tape, or ribbon removed and replaced by another strip, tape, or ribbon provided with fresh pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material. 1
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art to which my invention appertains that modifications maybe made in the details. For example, the pawl-and-ratchet connections may be employed in connection with other types of ignitors or scratchers Without departing from the spirit of my invention, and hence I do not limit myself to the exact construction illustrated in the drawings; but,
Having thus described the nature and objects of my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A lighting device consisting of a twopart housing provided with a hinged cover, an adjustable oil and wick reservoir, a reciprocating ignitor or scratcher, a rotatable feed mg appliance winding upon itself a fulminating tape, strip, or ribbon, and pawl-andratchet connections adapted to automatically actuate said feed appliance in the closing of said cover, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2. A lighting device consisting of a twopart housing having a spring-actuated hinged cover, a vertically-adjustable oil and wick reservoir, an oscillating scratcher or ignitor, a rotatable feeding appliance winding upon itself a fulminating or igniting tape, strip, or ribbon, means for retaining said appliance normally in position, and devices between said cover and feeding appliance adapted to rotate the latter by the closing of said cover, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
3. A lighting device consisting of a twopart housing provided with a spring-actuated hinged cover, an adjustable oil and wick reservoir, a scratcher or ignitor reciprocated by means adapted to open said cover, a rotatable feeding appliance winding upon itself a tape, strip, or ribbon, means for preventing retrograde movement of said feeding appliance, a ratchet-wheel attached to said feed ing appliance, a pawl provided with a slot and a pin engaging in said slot for preventing displacement of the pawl, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
4. A lighting device consisting of a housing, a wick, a rotatable feeding appliance for winding upon itself atape, strip, or ribbon having pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material applied thereto, means for rotating the same, a hand-knob outside said housing, a
scratcher or ignitor connected therewith and adapted to contact with and ignite said pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
5. A lighting device consisting of a twopart housing, a wick, a rotatable feeding appliance for winding upon itself a tape, strip, or ribbon having pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material applied thereto, means for rotat ing the same, a guide-plate for directing said tape, strip, or ribbon, a hand-knob outside of said housing, a scratcher or ignitor connected with said hand-knob and adapted to contact with and ignite said pellets, fulminates, orignitible material, substantially as set forth.
6. A lighting device consisting of a housing, a wick, a rotatable feeding appliance for winding upon itself a tape, strip, or ribbon having pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material applied thereto, means for rotating the same, a guide-plate for directing said tape, strip, or ribbon, a spindle journaled 1n said guide-plate and housing, a scratcher or ignitor, and a hand-knob attached to said spindle, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
'7. A lighting device provided with a housing, a spring-actuated cover, a catch formaintaining the same in a closed position, a scratcher for igniting a pellet, fulminate, or ignitible material, an arm connected with sand scratcher and adapted to release said catch, and a hand-knob for actuating said arm, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
8. A lighting device provided with a housing, a spring-actuated cover, a catch for maintaining the same in a closed position and provided with a lug projecting through the housing, a scratcher for igniting a pellet, fulminate, or ignitible material, a spindle connected with said scratcher, an arm'provided with a hand-knob and adapted to actuate said scratcher and to contact with said lug, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
9. Alightingdeviceprovidedwithahousing, a spring-actuated cover, a catch for maintaining the same in a closed position,a scratcher for igniting a pellet, fulminate, or ignitible material, an arm connected with said scratcher and adapted to release said catch, a spring for normally maintaining said arm out of contact with said catch, and a hand-knob for actuating said arm, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
10. A lighting device comprising a housing, a hinged cover, a spring-catch accessible from the exterior of the housing and adapted to engage said cover, a wick, an appliance for feeding and winding upon itself atape, strip, or ribbon having pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material applied thereto, pawl-and-ratchet connections between said cover and feeding appliance, an ignitor or scratcher, a handknob outside said housing for actuating said scratcher or ignitor and spring-catch, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
1 1. A lighting device comprising a housing, a springactuated cover hinged thereto, a spring-catch provided with a lug accessible from the exterior of the housing and adapted to engage said cover, a wick, an appliance for feeding and winding upon itself atape, strip, or ribbon having pellets, fulminates, or ignitible material applied thereto, pawl-and-ratchet connections between said cover and feeding appliances, a guide-plate, a spring-controlled spindle journaled in said housing and guideplate, a scratcher or ignitor attached to said spindle, an arm connected with said spindle and adapted to contact with said lug, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
12. A lighting device provided with a twopart housing having a hinged cover, an adj ustable oil and wick reservoir, an appliance for ignitible material, an ignitor or scratcher, and
means for actuating said ignitor or scratcher 15 and for causing said feeding appliance to be rotated, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my signaturein the presence of two subscrib- 2o ing witnesses.
EDWARD KRONENBERG.
Witnesses:
GEO. W. REED, THOMAS M. SMITH.
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