USRE11299E - Pocket-lamp - Google Patents

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Publication number
USRE11299E
USRE11299E US RE11299 E USRE11299 E US RE11299E
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
ribbon
strip
tape
lamp
pin
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Application number
Inventor
John Harvey Farrel
Original Assignee
Henry w
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J. H. FARREL.
POCKET LAMP.
Roissued Jan.v 10, 1893.
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UNrrnn STATES PATENT Ormea;
JOHN HARVEY FARREL, OF CAMDEN, vNEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO HENRY I/V. MAYBAU M, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
POCKET-LAM P.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Ressued Letters Patent No. 11,299, dated January 10, 1893. Original No. 439,578, dated October 28, 1890. Application for reissue filed March 26, 1891. Serial No. 386,568.
T0 a/ZZ whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN HARVEY FARREL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Camden, in the county of Camden and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pocket-Lamps, of which the following is a specification.
My invention reiates to that class of lighting devices designated as pocket lamps, and such as are provided with feeding devices and means adapted to ignite or explode by friction a fulminating pellet or cap applied to suitablev material in order tolight an apn pliance concealed within a housing.
The principal objects of my invention are tirst, to provide a cheap, compact, reliable and convenient lamp adapt-ed to be carried in the pocket with perfect safety; second, to provide the oil reservoir or chamber of a pocket lamp with a hinged cover or lid through which a Wick passes and arranged so that when said cover or lid is closed the Wick assumes a position in proximity to the point or place of ignition of the fulminating pellets, caps or iguitible material; and third, to provide a pocket lamp adapted to contain a fulminate carrier or strip or ribbon having fulminating pellets, caps or ignitible material suitably applied thereto and adapted to be ignited by frictional contact With an ignitor or scratcher to cause a iiame to be produced at the exposed end of a light producing appliance employed` in connection with the lamp, and the construction and arrangement being such that the expended fulmiuate carrier or strip, tape or ribbon having the fulminating pellets, caps or ignitible material applied thereto Will be Wound up, so as to be easily removed for the insertion of another fulminate carrier or strip, tape or ribbon having fulminating plied thereto.
My invention consists of a pocket lamp adapted for the employment of a suitable fulminate carrier or strip, tapeorribbon having fulminating pellets, caps or ignitible material suitably applied thereto, and the parts thereof arranged and adapted for operation substantially in the manner hereinafter described and pointed out in the claims.
The characteristic features of the invention will be more fully understood from the folpellets or caps suitably ap! lowing description taken in connection With the accompanying drawings forming part hereof; and in which Figure 1, is a perspective View of a pocket lamp embodying features of my invention and showing the housing thereof in an open position, With the fulminate carrier or strip, tape or ribbon provided With fulminating pellets or caps suitably applied thereto; and Fig. 2, is a similar View of a lamp, showing the two part housing in a closed position to permit ot' the actuation of the toothed disk for causing the fulminate carrier, strip, tape or ribbon provided With fulminating pellets or caps applied thereto to be fed and ignited by frictional contact with a scratcher disposed adjacent to the wick of the lamp to produce a flame thereat.
Referring to the drawings A, is a divided and recessed housing of the lamp provided with a chamber or reservoir a, adapted to receive oil and an absorbent material or substance, and said reservoir provided with a hinged cover a. This cover is provided with a tube d2, adapted to permit of the insertion therethrough of a Wick a3, heldin the reservoir in contact with iibrous material immersed or saturated with suitable oil for maintaining the wick in a condition to readily permit of its being ignited or lighted at the exposed end of the tube a2, in a manner to be hereinafter fully described. y
b, is a retaining pin or lug secured to the Wall a4, of the oil reservoir a.
c, is a stud-pin secured to the Wall of said oil reservoir and provided with a loose sleeve c.
d, is a toothed disk mounted ou a pin d', secured into the Wall of the oil-reservoir a. This toothed disk d, is arranged so that a portion thereof Will project beyond the recessed portion of the two part housing of the lamp.
e, is a curved spring adapted to normally engage with the toothed disk d, to prevent said disk from being turned in a reverse direction. The pin d', of the disk d, is bifurcated for a purpose to be presently described. A f, is an ignitor or scratcher attached to the hinged cover tt', of the oil-reservoir a.
g, is a fulminate carrier or narrow strip or IOO ribbon of muslin, linen or other suitable material provided with percussion caps or fulminating-pellets g', disposed at suitable distances apart along the same. The fulminate carrier or narrow tape, strip or ribbon g, formed into a coil, is inserted onto the retaining pin or lugb, and then led around theloose sleeve c', of the stud' pin c, and the forward end thereof is coiled around and between the bifurcated pin d', as shown in Fig. l, and the divided housing is then closed, as shown in Fig. 2, with its coverA, thrown rearward and with the latch a7, of one part of the housing caused to engage in the small recess or opening as, in the Wall of the oil reservoir a. The disk d, is then actuated by the thumb or in any other preferred manner, and the fulminate carrier or narrow strip, tape or ribbon provided with'fulminating pellets or caps is fed upward from the retaining pin b, around the loose sleeve c', of the stud pin c, where the individual caps or pellets of the fulminate carrier or narrow strip, tape or ribbon g, are brought in regular succession by the operation into frictional contact with the ignitor or scratcher f, thereby causing the same to be exploded and the wick a3, at the exposed end of the tube a2, to be lighted. The fulminate carrier or narrow strip, tape or ribbon g, afterits fulminating caps orpellets have been exploded simultaneously with the feeding of the same, is wound around the bifurcated pin d', of the toothed disk el, until the entire carrier, strip, tape or ribbon has been rendered useless by the consumption of all of the fulminating caps or pellets thereof, when the Said carrier, strip, tape or ribbon may be readily removed and another inserted by simply cause the lamp to assume a position,such as .illustrated in Fig. l.
In the manufacture of the fulminate carrier, strips, tapes or ribbons, it will of course be understood that the fulminating pellets or caps thereof, should be omitted for a short distance from the extremital portion of the same, in order that all possibility of'accident or explosion in the insertion of the same around and between the bifurcated pin d,of the toothed disk d, may be obviated. The stud pin c, instead of being provided with a loose sleeve o', may be formed integral therewith; and moreover, this sleeve is preferably milled in the direction of its length to insure greater certainty of action in the feeding of the fulminating carrier, strip, tape or ribbon for presenting the individual fulminating pellets or caps thereof, to the ignitor or scratcherf.
Having thus described the nature and objects of the invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent iszl. A pocket lamp provided with a divided housing and cover, an oil-retainer therein having a wick -holder and an ignitor or scratcher, a retainer adapted to hold a fulminate carrier, tape, strip or ribbon, a stud-pin supported adjacent to said ignitor or scratcher for said carrier, tape, strip or ribbon to travel over, and a toothed disk extending through the casing at one side and adapted to permit of said tape, strip or ribbon being caused to frictionally contact with said scratcher and the said disk provided with a pin adapted to permit of said tape, strip or ribbon being wound thereon, substantially as set forth.
2. A pocket lamp provided with a two part housing and a hinged cover, an oil-retainer adapted to support in position a wick and an ignitor or scratcher, a pin or lug adapted to hold a narrow tape, strip or ribbon provided with caps or pellets, a stud-pin provided with a milled sleeve, a toothed disk journaled in said housing and provided with means adapted to permit of said tape, strip or ribbon being wound thereon, and a spring normally engaging with a tooth of said disk, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
3. A pocket lamp provided with a divided housing, an oil absorbent reservoir therein provided with a tube adapted to expose a Wick, an ignitor or scratcher, a retaining pin,
a tape, strip or ribbon provided with fulminating pellets or caps mounted thereon,apin provided with a sleeve, a toothed 4disk partially exposed beyond said housing and provided with means to permit of said tape, strip or ribbon being wound thereon, and a spring to prevent a reverse movement of said disk, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
4. A pocket lamp provided with an oil and absorbent material chamber or reservoir having a wick tube and ignit-or or scratcher, a retainer located in the lower part of the lamp casing, a toothed disk extending through one side of said casing and provided with a pin or lug adapted to receive an ignitible strip, tape or ribbon, a stud-pin in the upper part of said casing having a loose sleeve mounted thereon, and said disk by the actuation thereof causing said strip, tape or ribbon to contact with said scratcher, substantially as set forth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my signature in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOHN HARVEY FARREL. Witnesses:
HERMANN BORMANN, RICHARD C.l MAXWELL.
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