US385668A - Half to j - Google Patents

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Publication number
US385668A
US385668A US385668DA US385668A US 385668 A US385668 A US 385668A US 385668D A US385668D A US 385668DA US 385668 A US385668 A US 385668A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sash
lever
fastener
sashes
locking
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B15/00Other details of locks; Parts for engagement by bolts of fastening devices
    • E05B15/0093Weight arrangements in locks; gravity activated lock parts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0937Gravity actuated
    • Y10T292/0938Operating means
    • Y10T292/0944Rigid
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0945Operating means
    • Y10T292/0951Rigid
    • Y10T292/0956Sliding catch
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/1043Swinging
    • Y10T292/1075Operating means
    • Y10T292/1083Rigid
    • Y10T292/1089Sliding catch

Description

(No Model.)

P. A. HENNINGER.

SASH FASTENER.

Patente@ July 3, 1888.

Unire STATES trice.

PATENT FREDERICK A. HENNINGER, OF COLUMBIA', MISSOURI, ASSIGNOR OF ONE- HALF TO J. TH. FYFER, OF SAME PLACE.

SASHBFASTENER.

SPECIFICATION forming part or Letters Patent No. 385.668, dated July 3l 1858- Applicutinn iiled May 7, 1888. Serial No. 273,025. (No model.)

To aZZ wtom it may concern:

Be it known that I, FREDERICK A. HEN- NINGER, of Columbia, county of Boone, and State of Missouri, have invented a new and useful improvement in Sash-Fasteners, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had tothe accompanying drawings, making lpart of this specification.

My invention relates to that class of fasteners designed to be attached usually to the meetingrails of sashes; and it consists in a novel construction and arrangement of parts, as hereinafter more fully set forth and claimed, by which a more effective and otherwise dcsirable article of this character is produced than those now in common use.

The invention particularly consists in a peculiar form of the locking-toe of the fasteninglever and catch or socket, by which aburglar will be prevented from manipulating the sash from the outside and children from tampering with the sashes and changing their relative positions when arranged for Ventilating purposes.

It further consists in a peculiar arrangement of rubber to prevent the rattling of the sashes by the wind or the usual jarring of the house in walking or closing the doors.

It further consists in a novel arrangement of locking-pin in such relation to the lever that it will either lock said lever or hold it so that it will not interfere with the movement of the sashes past each other.

The nature and operation of the improvement will be understood from the following explanation:

In the accompanying drawings, Figure lis a side View of one form of niyimproved sashfastener in use and partly unlocked and the lever ready to be withdrawn from the keeper or catch, which is shown in section. Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal section of one form of my fastener applied to the side stile ofthe sash and shown in a locked position. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the fastener unlocked and the lever fastened back out of the path of the sashes. This form is also applied to the side stile. Fig. 4. is a perspective View of the catch or keeper' which may be used when the window has two panes of glass only, and is intended to be placed on the upright which divides the window in the middle. Several of these may be used, one above another. 5 is a perspective view of another form which may be used when desired. The beveled end or toe of the locking-lever permits the upper sash to be unfastencd and raised without handling the lever.

A represents an upper sash,I and B a lower one; A', the bottom or meeting rail ofthe up` per sash, and B the top or meeting rail of the lower sash.

C is the frame or stile of the lower sash, and D the side frame of the upper one.

E is a metal base-plate from which rise two vertical standards, F and F, between which is pivoted the locking-lever G, which has a somewhat heavy or weighted handle or crosspiece, H.

K is a metal strip to be secured either to the vertical side frame of the sash or to the middle stile or dividing-piece when the sash is composed of two panes of glass. This strip is furnished with openings into which the end of the fastening-lever takes to secure the sash. This series of openings may extend as far as desirable, but six or eight inches will usually be found sufcient.

L is a form of catch or keeper which may be placed in the center of the meeting-rail o f the Lipper sash when the window is of a single pane of glass.

M, Fig. 4, is a simple keeper to go upon the dividingframe of the sash.

a a are small holes or openings in the vertical standards, into which may be passed a locking-pin, b, which can be secured by a small chain to the rail. A shingle-nail or small Wooden pin will readily serve for this purpose.

d d are extensions on each side of the locking end of the lever. which make it what is commonly termed T-shaped.77

ff are little recesses at the upper and lower ends of the faceopening in the catch or keeper, in one of which recesses one of the ends d d ot' the lever will rest according as the sash is pulled up or down. Then the sash is at inst the proper position, the lever end can be withdrawn by forcing down the handle H.

g f/ are the journal-pins on which the locking-levers are pivotcd.

l1. h. are pieces of rubber secured directly beneath the base-plate H of the fastener. The free or outer ends of these may either project directly forward against the ineetingrail of the upper sash or be turned down, as shown in Figs. l and 2, and lie along the vertical faces ofthe rail. When the sashes are locked, the pressure of each rail against this yielding rubber prevents noise or rattling.

I am aware that cork and plugs of rubber have been inserted at various points to prevent rattling, and that rubber rollers are used for that purpose. I am, however, unaware of anything of the extremely simple nature of the sheet of rubber simply laid underneath -the base-plate ot' the fastener and secured by the screws holding the latter on the rail. This piece also serves the double purpose of hindering the free movement of a knife-blade in serted from the outside to move the lockinglever and relieve it from the catch or keeper.

It is well known that burglars insert a knifeblade between the meeting-rails of a sash and ingeniously manage to crowd one side and swing open the locking-lever that swings in a horizontal plane at right angles to the path of the sashes. They also, with inserted wires, often unlock a lever which moves, like the present one, in a vertical plane. The one great purpose of my particular locking-lever is to foil or baffle the burglar.

This I accomplish by means of the peculiar T shape of the toe or locking end of the lever and the two small recesses in the catch above and below the rectangular opening or recess in the face ofthe keeper. In Fig. 2 the lever is shown locked in the sash-opening. The projection cl of the T-head rests in the recess f above the face-opening in the keeper-bar, and of course prevents the withdrawal of the lever. Suppose a burglar or a child pushes up the upper sash, either from the outside or the inside, he will push the T end down into the lower recess, f, which will in the same manner prevent the withdrawal of the lever.

For greater security a pin of any sort,either attached by a cord or chain to the sash or not, may be passed through the hole a in the uprights in which the locking-lever isjournaled. lt is also very convenient at times to have the lever end entirely out of the way, so that the sashes may be freely moved, and in vthis case the lever is entirely withdrawn and the pin inserted to hold it back.

It is too readily seen to require illustration or much explanation that the small keeper or catch of Fig. 4 may be secured either by a hole in the base to the lmeeting-rail or by the two holcsin its back against the dividing-stile ofthe sasn. This keeper may also take the place of the long metal bar which is also used eitherin the middle or at the side vertical frame.

The catch shown in Fig. with a beveled toe, d, may also be used in any of the various positions indicated, and when this form is used the upper sash will be pushed up and automatically unfastencd, if desired.

The metal bar, it will be seen in Fig. 3, where it is attached to the side frame, has a bevel in the lower face of the rectangular keeper or catch-opening. This fastener then may be used on the middle or side vertical rail and on the upper side ofthe meeting-rail. It may be screwed directly upon the rail and of the form in Fig. 4, or a single recessed opening may be mounted on a base-plate with vertical support, as in Fig. 1. t

This fastener is particularly serviceable with sashes that are balanced with weights or by springs, or where the two sashes balance each other by a cord passing over a pulley 1n the frame above. The lower sash may be opened to the proper point and the upper-one lowered and then firmly secured together for the purpose of ventilation. Even if now the sashes be forced up as far as possible or down until the lower sash strikes the sill, yet an opening will not be afforded for a burglar.

The handle of the locking-lever may be bent either to the right or left or downward, as convenient and the particular position 1t 1s placed in will require. Of course the material from which the fastener is made and the size can be varied at will. The T-shaped toe on the lever is particularly adapted to sashes with weights. The parts that meet and move over each other are all of metal, and thus the sashes are not scratched, worn, or disigured. When sashes have no weights, there would be no object in having the keepers or catches extend over eight or nine inches in length.

It is evident that my fastener may be used on both sides the sash, if desired. The pin, of course, may be dispensed with at will.

It is too evident to require illustration that the metal keeper-strip may be screwed by a bent end upon the upper frame of the window and hang in the middle free of the sashes. Now if recesses are made in the upright of the upper sash, and the fastener secured to the lower, both sashes without weights, springs,or balancing devices may be locked securely to this long strip or metal bar or keeper furnished with a series of rectangular openings.

The fastener may be used, it is thus seen, in almost any desirable position.

The rubber anti-rattling piece may be recessed into the under side of the base-plate of the fastener, or a recess may be made in the wood ofthe rail under the base-plate of the fastener, and thus thicker pieces of rubber be used.

I am unaware of any simple fastener of this sort that, while being unlocked, will, by one ignorant of its character, be forced to the other side of the keeper and again locked as securely as ever. v

Any flexible and soft material may be used in place of the rubber.

What I claim as my invention is" 1. In a sash-fastener, the combination of a locking-leverjournaled in uprights secured to the meeting-rail of the lower sash and swinging in a vertical plane at right angles to the TOO path of the sashes, and furnished with a. T- shaped locking toe or end, with a keeper or catch having reeessesff extending above and below the entranee-opening, substantially as described.

2. In a. sash-fastener, the combination of a locking-lever journaled in uprights secured to a sashmail and swinging in avertical plane at right angles to the peth of the sri-shes, with looking-pin openings in the rear of the bend or elbow of said locking-lever and extending through said uprighis, whereby the seid lever may be securely held in a. locked or unlocked position at will, substantially as and for the purpose described.

3. Ine sash-fastener to be secured to the meetingvrail of e lower sash, the combination of the base-plate with a sheet of rubber se cured directly underneath the same, with its free end extending against the upper sash to Caf) prevent rattling, all es and for the 'purpose de scribed.

4. In u sash-fastener, the combination of a locking-lever journaled in nprights secured to the meeting-rail of the lower sash andswinging in e Vertical plane et right angles to the path of the sash and furnished with the locling end or toe, as described, with a recessed catch or keeper bar with rectangular recesses beveled only on theirlower sides to permit the upper sash to be pushed up and the lower sash pushed down without manipulating the lever, substantially es and for the purpose described.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hund this 5th day of May, A. D. 1888.

FREDERICK A. HENNINGER.

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2499828A (en) * 1946-05-14 1950-03-07 Arthur H Kuriloff Latch
US3653703A (en) * 1970-12-03 1972-04-04 Clarence J Lochner Safety hook latch
US4076293A (en) * 1974-06-17 1978-02-28 Joel Valles Door security strut
US5172520A (en) * 1991-09-16 1992-12-22 Vinyl Tech Window assembly having a horizontally slidable window unit latchable in a closed position
US6058748A (en) * 1998-12-24 2000-05-09 Lucent Technologies Inc. Security bracket

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2499828A (en) * 1946-05-14 1950-03-07 Arthur H Kuriloff Latch
US3653703A (en) * 1970-12-03 1972-04-04 Clarence J Lochner Safety hook latch
US4076293A (en) * 1974-06-17 1978-02-28 Joel Valles Door security strut
US5172520A (en) * 1991-09-16 1992-12-22 Vinyl Tech Window assembly having a horizontally slidable window unit latchable in a closed position
US6058748A (en) * 1998-12-24 2000-05-09 Lucent Technologies Inc. Security bracket

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