US3815954A - Rocker recliner chair - Google Patents

Rocker recliner chair Download PDF

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US3815954A
US3815954A US00127649A US12764971A US3815954A US 3815954 A US3815954 A US 3815954A US 00127649 A US00127649 A US 00127649A US 12764971 A US12764971 A US 12764971A US 3815954 A US3815954 A US 3815954A
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Prior art keywords
chair
rocker
means
footrest
cam
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US00127649A
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W Rogers
M Snitzer
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Lane Co Inc
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Lane Co Inc
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Priority to US00124055A priority patent/US3819229A/en
Application filed by Lane Co Inc filed Critical Lane Co Inc
Priority to US00127649A priority patent/US3815954A/en
Priority to US386405A priority patent/US3904240A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C1/00Chairs adapted for special purposes
    • A47C1/02Reclining or easy chairs
    • A47C1/031Reclining or easy chairs having coupled concurrently adjustable supporting parts
    • A47C1/034Reclining or easy chairs having coupled concurrently adjustable supporting parts the parts including a leg-rest or foot-rest
    • A47C1/035Reclining or easy chairs having coupled concurrently adjustable supporting parts the parts including a leg-rest or foot-rest in combination with movably coupled seat and back-rest, i.e. the seat and back-rest being movably coupled in such a way that the extension mechanism of the foot-rest is actuated at least by the relative movements of seat and backrest
    • A47C1/0355Reclining or easy chairs having coupled concurrently adjustable supporting parts the parts including a leg-rest or foot-rest in combination with movably coupled seat and back-rest, i.e. the seat and back-rest being movably coupled in such a way that the extension mechanism of the foot-rest is actuated at least by the relative movements of seat and backrest actuated by linkages, e.g. lazy-tongs mechanisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C3/00Chairs characterised by structural features; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats
    • A47C3/02Rocking chairs
    • A47C3/025Rocking chairs with seat, or seat and back-rest unit elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame
    • A47C3/027Rocking chairs with seat, or seat and back-rest unit elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame with curved rocking members between seat and base frame
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G15/00Operating chairs; Dental chairs; Accessories specially adapted therefor, e.g. work stands
    • A61G15/02Chairs with means to adjust position of patient; Controls therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G15/00Operating chairs; Dental chairs; Accessories specially adapted therefor, e.g. work stands
    • A61G15/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G15/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or feet

Abstract

The chair back is reclined independently of movement of the footrest which is operated by a handle. Detents associated with the handle mechanism allow the footrest to be extended and retracted into any four positions including fully extended, fully retracted and two intermediate positions. As the back is reclined, the seat and arms, which constitute a unit, are first tilted to a predetermined ''''bucketing'''' angle by the locking mechanism, forward rocking is inhibited then rearward rocking is also prevented by the novel locking mechanism. The locking mechanism mounts on the underside of the cam frame, between the cams and works off a torque tube that moves angularly about its long axis as the footrest is operated and which moves forward and upwardly and rotates angularly as the chair back is reclined. The seat and frame unit also move forwardly and upwardly as the chair is reclined. In the preferred form, the chair is a platform rocker; it may also be mounted on a swivel platform rocker base. The back is provided with tapered sleeves which fit over tapered tongues on the mechanism to allow the chair to be shipped knocked down, and then set-up. The footrest includes two sections which store one behind the other when retracted, then move to coplanar relationship as the footrest is extended to its first position to provide greater extension. The lazy tongs action of the footrest extending and retracting part of the mechanism is skewed to permit exposed front rail and/or high leg styling for the base. The design of the mechanism permits a particularly cushioning seat filling to be used. A particular design of rocker-recliner chair locking mechanism is disclosed and claimed in this document.

Description

United States Patent 1 [191 Rogers, Jr. et al.

[ June 11, 1974 ROCKER RECLINER CHAIR [75] Inventors: W. Clark Rogers, Jr., High Point;

Morton Snitzer, Rocky Mount, both of NC.

[73] Assignee: The Lane Company, Inc., Altavista,

22 Filed: Mar. 24, 1971 21 Appl. No.: 127,649

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 87,280, Nov. 5,

[52] US. Cl. 297/271 [51] Int. Cl A47c 3/02, A47d 13/10 [58] Field of Search 297/84, 85, 270-271,

297/269; 2/342, DIG. 7; 248/224 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,817,388 12/1957 Knabusch et al. 297/D1G. 7 3,141,700 7/1964 Fletcher 297/DlG. 7 3,163,464 12/1964 Martin et al..... 297/271 X 3,243,226 3/1966 Katz 297/271 X 3,287,059 11/1966 Rosmarin.. 297/84 X 3,302,969 2/1967 Mizelle et 297/DlG. 7 3,337,267 8/1967 Rogers 297/342 X 3,352,601 11/1967 Cycowicz 297/270 X 3,475,051 10/1969 Crawford 297/271 X 3,493,264 2/1970 Re 297/D1G. 7 3,536,284 10/1970 Chichering 248/224 X Primary ExaminerPaul R. Gilliam Attorney, Agent, or F irm-Cushman, Darby &

Cushman 5 7 ABSTRACT The chair back is reclined independently of movement of the footrest which is operated by a handle. Detents associated with the handle mechanism allow the footrest to be extended and retracted into any four positions including fully extended, fully retracted and two intermediate positions. As the back is reclined, the seat and arms, which constitute a unit, are first tilted to a predetermined bucketing" angle by the locking mechanism, forward rocking is inhibited then rearward rocking is also prevented by the novel locking mechanism. The locking mechanism mounts on the underside of the cam frame, between the cams and works off a torque tube that moves angularly about its long axis as the footrest is operated and which moves forward and upwardly and rotates angularly as the chair back is reclined. The seat and frame unit also move forwardly and upwardly as the chair is reclined. In the preferred form, the chair is a platform rocker; it may also be mounted on a swivel platform rocker base. The back is provided with tapered sleeves which fit over tapered tongues on the mechanism to allow the chair to be shipped knocked down, and then setup. The footrest includes two sections which store one behind the other when retracted, then move to coplanar relationship as the footrest is extended to its first position to provide greater extension. The lazy tongs action of the footrest extending and retracting part of the mechanism is skewed to permit exposed from rail and/or high leg styling for the base. The design of the mechanism permits a particularly cushioning seat filling to be used.

A particular design of rocker-recliner chair locking mechanism is disclosed and claimed in this document.

11 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures PATENTEDJUI I I an $815854 sum 10F 7 INVENTORfi' ATTORNEYS ROCKER RECLINER CHAIR REFERENCE TO RELATED CASE This is a continuation-in-part of our copending US. patent application Ser. No. 87,280, filed Nov. 5, 1970.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION To a certain extent the precursors of modern rocker recliner chairs come from diverse fields surgical, barber and dentist chairs, automotive and aircraft seating, chaise lounges and'other lawn furniture as well as living room-type easy chairs.

The number of such chairs which have been patented in the United States is extensive, although many of those patented since 1950, were issued to repeat patentees and are directed to variations on their earlierpatented designs.

A list of the prior US. patents of which the present inventors are aware has been filed in the U5. Patent Office concurrently with this document. In view of the extensiveness of this art it is considered more helpful to discuss the various types of modern chairs by group.

Certain platform rockers outwardly resemble rocker recliner chairs, but their backs are unitary with their seats and/or arms and so cannot recline. They merely tilt back.

Likewise, certain recliner chairs do not include cams mounted on a base and so cannot rock, but only recline.

A further distinction may be drawn between chairs which have operating handles (or equivalent operating devices such as push-pull rods, mechanical push buttons or electrical switches) and those which have no comparable devices. In the former instance, the handle or equivalent device often acts merely as a lock operator; in other instances it constitutes an operator for extending and retracting the footrest and/or an operator or trip for lowering and raising the back.

In recliner chairs which do not have operating handles, generally, the reclining and footrest operating portions of the linkages are interconnected so that reclining of the back causes extension of the footrest and raising of the back causes retraction of the footrest.

Another distinction may be drawn between modes of mounting and moving the seat. In some rocker recliner chairs the seats are pivotally mounted to the arm frame, the chair back and/or the cam frame. In this context, pivoting" is intended to be interpreted in a narrow sense of part-circular arcuate movement about a fixed pivot point. Pivoted mounting of the seat is to be contrasted with fixed or combined translational and rotational mounting of theseat. One instance wherein the distinction is emphasized is the patent of Knabusch et al., US. Pat. No. 3,096,121.

In most instances where the seat is pivotally mounted, reclining of the back causes the chair users center of gravity to be shifted rearwardly to an appreciable extent. Because of this shift, such chairs are usually provided with back legs which extend rearwardly from under the base and are exposed behind the base for e.g. 6 inches. Such legs are usually a dead give-away that the chair is a recliner. This, of course, restricts styling treatments which may be given such chairs. The rearward shift also increases the distance the chair must be positionedfrom a room wall so that the top of the back will have sufficient clearance during reclining.

The least elegant way to design a rocker-recliner chair is to take an existing recliner chair and provide it with rocker cams and a platform base. Several problems result from such design economy one important one being that there is nothing to prevent the chair from continuing to be able to rock after it has been reclined. The feeling an unwary user of such chairs can have upon fully reclining then rocking back, for instance in a continuing motion, is nothing less than very startling. Particularly in chairs whose seats tilt back or move back during reclining, the permitted rocking during reclining can easily result in a frightening falling over backwards of the chair and its occupant.

An improvement on the complete lack of a lock is the provision of a lock which is operated manually, e.g. via a push-pull rod. This, of course, may have the disadvantage that a new user may not notice the handle until he has already reclined himself over backwards.

In locks which operate in coordination with extension of the footrest or reclining of the chair, often only forward rocking is inhibited. This is for complex reasons involving a lack of mechanism in such chairs to bucket the user to a comfortable angle for reclining as an initial part of the reclining movement and a need to prevent the user from putting so much of his weight on the forward parts of his thighs, nearthe insides of his knees, that the retracted footrest is jammed into the floor, preventing reclining and/or desired footrest extension.

It is not difficult to see that locking mechanism designs of prior art rocker recliner chairs have imposed strict styling limitations on such chairs, both as to reducing the prospects for exposed wood styling and as to imposing such upholstering constraints that the resulting products look stolid and/or have poor seat comfort because the seat must be designed so it does not travel vertically very much as someone sits or bounces on it. With some prior art rocker recliner chair locking mechanisms, it is difficult or impossible to provide a swivelable variant because the parts of the base the lock works off would have to remain stationary as the remainder of the chair moved angularly, or because parts of the recliner mechanism would interfere with the base during swivelling.

In most recliner chairs and rocker recliner chairs which have footrests, lazy tongs or more or less equivalent mechanisms are used to extend and retract the footrests, which are usually constituted by one unitary ottoman (exclusive of skirts or shrouds). Accordingly such footrests are usually either misnomers (because they contact the average user at the back of his calves above his ankles) or they must extend so far that the lazy tongs are laterally unstable and/or are heavy and expensive.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The chair back is reclined independently of movement of the footrest which is operated by a handle. Detents associated with the handle mechanism allow the footrest to be extended and retracted into any four positions including fully extended, fully retracted and two intermediate positions. As the back is reclined, the seat and. arms, which constitute a unit, are first tilted to a predetermined bucketing" angle by the locking mechanism, forward rocking is inhibited then rearward rocking is also prevented by the novel locking mechanism. The locking mechanism mounts on the underside of the cam frame, between the cams and works off a torque tube that moves angularly about its long axis as the footrest is operated and which moves forward and upwardly and rotates angularly as the chair back is reclined. The seat and frame unit also moves forwardly and upwardly as the chair is reclined. In the preferred form, the chair is a platform rocker; it may also be mounted on a swivel platform rocker base. The back is provided with tapered sleeves which fit over tapered tongues on the mechanism to allow the chair to be shipped knocked down, and then set-up. The footrest includes two sections which store one behind the other when retracted, then move to coplanar relationship as the footrest is extended to its first position to provide greater extension. The lazy tongs action of the footrest extending and retracting part of the mechanism is skewed to permit exposed front rail and/or high leg styling for the base. The design of the mechanism permits a particularly cushioning seat filling to be used.

The principles of the invention will be further hereinafter discussed with reference to the drawings wherein preferred embodiments are shown. The specifics illustrated in the drawings are intended to exemplify, rather than limit, aspects of the invention as defined in the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the rocker recliner chair of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary top plan view of the chair showing one of the two opposite side linkages of the chair, the one which carries the operating handle. In the condition depicted, the footrest is fully retracted and the chair back is upright;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary side elevation of the chair showing the side linkage of FIG. 2 in the same conditron;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary longitudinal vertical sectional view of the chair showing the lock when the footrest is fully retracted and the chair back is erect;

FIG. 4a is an exploded perspective view of a portion of the lock depicted in FIG. 4;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary top plan view of the chair showing the side linkage of FIG. 2 in a condition wherein thefootrest is fully extended and the chair back is erect;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary side elevation view of the chair showing the side linkage of FIG. 5 in the same condition;

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary longitudinal vertical sectional view of the chair showing the lock when the footrest is fully extended and the chair back is erect;

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary side elevation view of the chair showing the side linkage of FIG. 2 in a condition wherein the footrest is fully extended and the chair back is fully reclined;

FIG. 9 is a top plan view of a variant of the preferred chair base equipped for 360 degree swivelling; and

FIG. 10 is a longitudinal sectional view of one of the box channel end mounts of the variant of FIG. 9;

FIG. 11 is a fragmentary exploded perspective view, from the inner side, of the left side linkage, the one which mounts the operating handle.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENTLY PREFERRED EMBODIMENT THE PLATFORM ROCKER BASE The rocker recliner chair 10 includes as major components: a platform rocker base 12, a rocker cam unit 14; left and right platform rocker springs 16, which are conventional units; a lock mechanism 18; left and right side linkages 20, 22, which are mirror image complements of one another, excepting that the left side linkage (facing the chair) includes additional elements for footrest operation; a torque tube 24 extending transversely between the side linkages; a chair back 26; a chair seat and arm frame unit 28; a proximal footrest portion 30 and a distal footrest portion 32, which together constitute a footrest 34. The remainder of the chair 10 consists of various connecting upholstering and framing elements which are ancillary to the major components.

As depicted, the platform rocker base 12 includes two horizontal, longitudinally extending, laterally spaced side rails 36. The upper surfaces 42 of the side rails are smooth, flat and horizontal as they are the surfaces upon which the rocker cams run. The base 12 further includes a front rail 44 which extends laterally between the side rails near their front ends and a rear rail 46 which extends laterally between the side rails near their rear ends. In the embodiment depicted, the front and rear rails extend laterally outwardly beyond the side rails a few inches in order to provide mountings for left and right outriggers 48. The outriggers underlie the side edges of the seat and arm frame and carry front and rear feet 38, 40 for the chair. It should be noted that the rear feet do not protrude rearwardly anywhere near as much as the rear feet of most commercially available rocker recliner chairs. The avoidance of protrusion stems from the manner of hanging the seat and arm frame from the rocker cam unit as will be apparent later on.

The outriggers provide stability for the chair, especially if someone sits on one of its arms, and provides an area which may be decorated with show wood i.e. attractive veneers or solid fruit wood, nut wood or molded styrene or the like for instances where the upholstering style for the seat and arm frame does not include skirts,

Note now that the rear rail 46 is mounted on edge, so that it is relatively thick in a vertical direction. This is because, during bucketing, the lock obtains purchase against that rear rail intermediate the side rails. Alternatives to mounting the rear rail on edge would be to attach a floor engaging support block to the rail underlying the contact region of the lock or to mount the rear rail so it engages the floor along its whole extent.

THE ROCKER CAM UNIT In the preferred embodiment the rocker cam unit includes two rocker earns 50, being a left one and a right one each having a compound curved arcuate lower surface 52 configured to support the rocker cam unit on the upper surfaces 42 of the side rails 36. The attitude and curvature of the cam surfaces 52 determine the rate of deviation from horizontal while rocking, the ease of rocking during operations where rocking is not fully inhibited, the attitude of the chair when it is upright and no one is sitting in it, and (absent the provision of other constraints) the extremes of rocking.

In order to integrate the rocker cams into a unit, there are provided cross members which are rigidly connected to the rocker cams. In the instance shown there is a first cross member 54 provided between the top-front corners of the rocker cams and a second cross member 56 provided between the top-rear corners of the rocker cams. The cross members 54 and 56 also provide sites for mounting the lock mechanism 18 and the side linkages 20, 22.

THE SIDE LINKAGES As pointed out initially, the side linkages 20 and 22 are mirror images of one another about the front-torear central axis of the chair, excepting that the side linkage which is on the left as you stand near the footrest and face the chair back has some extra components which are used to control operation of the footrest.

The left side linkage will be discussed in detail, then it will be pointed out which of its elements are omitted from the right side linkage. The side linkages, sometimes referred to as hardware" in the trade are made of stamped steel plate and are usually spray-painted flat black. Parts subject to most wear may be hardened or toughened by conventional techniques as will be understood by those skilled in this field of technology.

The left side linkage 20 includes a mounting plate 58 having a horizontal flange 60 and a vertical flange 62. The flange 60 is fixed on the top of the rear cross member 56 with screws 64. The vertical flange 62 has a first, horizontal-axis, inwardly extending pivot 66 near its upper rear corner and a second, horizontal-axis, inwardly extending pivot 68. Between the pivots 66 and 68 an outwardly extending stop boss 70 is provided. This boss is engaged by a pivoting link during reclining of the chair back, which engagement stops further reclining of the chair back at full recline or full layout (a synonum).

The upper end of one leg of a V-shaped link 72 is pivotally secured to the pivot 66; the upper end of another link 74 is pivotally secured to the pivot 68. The lower ends of the links 72 and 74 respectively carry horizontal-axis pivots 76 and 78 which, in turn, pivotally mount opposite ends of a link 84. The plate flange 62 plus the links 72, 74 and 84 constitute a parallelogram linkage which comes into play as the chair back is reclined to produce an upward and forward movement of the chair seat and arm frame.

The chair back is mounted on the upstanding leg 80 of an L-shaped link 82 whose other, forwardly projecting leg 83 is provided with a horizontal-axis pivot 86 near its outer end. A link 88 has its opposite ends mounted on the pivots 76 and 86 and bows laterally outwardly between the ends and it carries an intermediate horizontal-axis rivet 90. The lower end connection of the link 88 to the pivot 76 is also a fixed connection.

The rear leg 92 of the V-shaped link 72 carries a horizontal-axis pivot 94 intermediate its ends. The L- shaped link 82 also carries a horizontal-axis pivot 96 at the juncture of its legs. A link 98 has its opposite ends mounted on the pivots 94 and 96. As the chair-user pushes back on the chair back to recline the chair back,

the L-shaped link 82 pivots downwardly about the pivot 86 which moves the pivot 96 downwardly and forwardly, then upwardly. That motion, transmitted to the link 98 causes the rear leg 92 of the V-shaped link 72 to move arcuately through an upwardly concave arc. Because of the pivotal mountings at 66 and 68, the action just described translates the link 84 forwardly and upwardly.

A stop boss 100 provided at the upper end of the rear leg 92 of the V-shaped link 72 engages an intermediate portion of the link 98 to limit erectness of the chair back when the chair back is returned from a reclined condition. The boss 100 is thus the opposite-extreme counterpart of the boss 70.

It should now be noticed that the link 84 projects a short distance forwardly of the pivot 78; the projection 102 carries a horizontal-axis major pivot 104. This pivot (104) also mounts a two-plane L-shaped link 106 near the base of the leg 108 of the link that lies in a vertical plane. The other leg 110 of the link 106 extends inwardly and is provided with bolt holes 1 1 1 for mounting one end region of the torque tube 24, via bolts 112. The pivot 104 also mounts the plate 114 and the link 116. The links 106 and 116 are fixed on the pivot 104 to rotate with it; the pivot 104 is rotatable with respect to the plate 114 and the link extension 102.

The link 116 is L-shaped in a vertical plane and has a fold in its longer leg to produce an outwardly extending crank tab 118. It is this tab to which the operating handle 120 is secured via an angle iron/box channel intermediate assembly 122 secured to the back of the decorative-wood handle.

The portions of the side linkage which are about to be described operate the footrest and mount the seat and arm frame unit.

The left side edge of the underside of the seat of the latter is placed upon the horizontal plane flange 123 of the rail 124 and screwed in place at 126. The central portion of the vertical plane flange 125 of the rail 124 is secured to the upper margin of the plate 114 with a rivet 128 and a horizontal-axis rivet 130.

Basically, the footrest is caused to extend and retract by rotation of the operating handle 120, which rotates the box channel 122 about its own longitudinal axis, which, in turn, arcs the vertical plane portion of the link 116 about the pivot 104 to which the link 116 is fixed. (Because of the fixation of the link 106 to the pivot 104 also, this rotational motion is transmitted via the torque tube 24 to the corresponding link 116 of the right side linkage.)

The lower end of the link 106 vertical leg 108 is provided with a horizontal-axis pivot 132 (FIG. 11).

The lower edge of the plate 114 is arcuate, convex downwardly at 134, and proceeding forwardly is provided with two generally upwardly facing shoulders or notches 136, 138 and, uppermost, a deeper notch 140. The pivot 132 has a long axis shank which mounts a tubular collar 142. The collar 142 is positioned to clear the arcuate surface 134.

The pivot 132 mounts an intermediate part of a link 144 whose forward end carries a horizontally outwardly projecting pin 146 positioned to ride along the surface 134 and to engage the shoulders 136, 138 and slot 140.

The opposite end of the link 144 carries a horizontalaxis pivot 148 which also mounts the lower end of the link 116 and receives the coil portion of a spring 150 whose one end fits through a slot opening 152 in the link 116 near the pivot 148 and whose opposite end bears against the collar 142 on the pivot 132. The spring is coiled in a sense to bias the pin 146 against the surface'134, the shoulders 136 and 138 and the slot 140. (Items 134-140 are collectively referred to as the footrest control cam.)

However, application of rearward rotational torque on the operating handle causes rotation of the link 116 about the pivot 104, which moves the lower end of the link 116 rearwardly. This action moves the pivot 148 rearwardly causing the link 144 to pivot about the pivot 132, against the biasing action of spring 150 thus moving the pin 146 out away from the surface 134, the shoulders 136, 138 and/or the slot so long as that torque continues to be applied tothe operating handle 120. 1

When the chair-user lets go of the operating handle, the relaxation of the torque permits the spring 150 to rotate the link 144 until the pin 146 is back in engagement with the footrest control cam. It should be apparent that when the footrest is fully retracted, the pin 146 is in engagement with the surface 134, when the footrest is in its first partly extended position the pin 146 is in engagement with the shoulder 136, when the footrest is in its second partly extended position the pin 146 is in engagement with the shoulder 138 and when the footrest is in its fully extended condition the pin 146 is engaged in the slot 140. (Because of the shapes of the neighboring surfaces of footrest control cam, the shoulders 136 and 138 can be considered to be outwardly opening slots which are easy to enteras the pin is moving from 134 toward 140, but impossible to slide out of in the reverse direction, absent operation of the pin withdrawing mechanism just described.)

The portion of the side linkage mechanism for extending and retracting the footrest includes modified lazy tongs comprising two links 154, 156 which are spaced along the rail 124 to the vertical flange of which their upper ends are pivoted at 158, 160. The lower end of the link 154 carries a horizontal-axis pivot 162 which pivotally mounts the rear end of a long forwardly extending link 164. The link 156 projects below the link 164 and has an intermediate portion pivotally secured to an intermediate portion of the link 164 by a horizontal-axis pivot 166. It should be noticed that the members pivoted to one another at the pivots 162, 166, 160 and 158 constitute another parallelogram linkage.

The end of the link 156 which extends below the link 164 carries a horizontal-axis pivot 168 which pivotally mounts the rear end of a forwardly and upwardly extending link 170. About three-fifths of the way toward its forward end, the link 170 is provided with a horizontal-axis pivot 172 which pivotally mounts the intermediate portion of a short link 174. The lower end of the link 174 ispivoted to the forward end of the link 164 by a horizontal-axis pivot 176. The upper end of the link 174 is pivoted to the rear end of a forwardly profootrest (closer footrest half) mounting bracket by bracket 180 has a lower horizontal-axis pivot 192 which corresponds to the pivot of the secondary footrest mounting bracket. A parallelogram link 194 extends between pivotal mounting on the pivots 184 and 188; another parallelogram link 196 extends between pivotal mounting on the pivots 192 and 190.

An operator link 198 for the footrest lazy tongs has a rear end pivotally secured to an intermediate portion of the link 154 by a horizontal-axis pivot 200 and has a lower end pivotally secured to the horizontal-axis pivot 132.

An operator link 202 for the secondary footrest (further footrest half) has one end pivotally secured to the forward end of link 178 by a horizontal-axis pivot 204 and has its opposite end pivotally secured to an intermediate portion of the parallelogram link 196 by a horizontal-axis pivot 206. When the footrest is fully retracted, the modified lazy tongs are very compact; the secondary footrest lies tucked behind the primary footrest. As the footrest operating handle is rotated in a sense to extend the footrest, the scissored links extend forwardly and upwardly until they are almost aligned. During this activity, the parallelogram linkage at 180, 194, 186, 196 operates to secnd the secondary footrest under, then forwardly of the primary footrest as both footrest halves change from a generally vertical disposition to a generally horizontal disposition, This action, and the lengths of the linkage elements 180, 194, 186, 196 cause the footrest to be compact when stored, yet much more extensive when fully extended than conventionally constructed footrests.

In the preferred embodiments, the structures which have been described as horizontal-axis pivots are steel pins, initially headed on one end, then axially squeezed to provide an enlargement at the distal end of the shank after being inserted through aligned openings in the parts to be pivotally secured to one another. The openings are sufficiently large to allow the desired pivoting and the squeezing is controlled to prevent axially binding the joint formed. Bushings, e.g. steel washers are inserted between most of the link ends on each pivot to enhance the pivotability of the joint and to reduce binding and wear.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDE LINKAGES On the right side, the plate 114 is not as wide and does not have a footrest operating cam; the link 106 is omitted as are the link 144 and the spring 150 and the portion of the link 116 which extends below the pivot 104.

THE CHAIR BACK AND UPHOLSTERY In the preferred embodiment the chair back 26 comprises a wooden frame covered with springing, stuffing and upholstery. At the lower extents of the sides, the chair back is provided with brackets 208 for receipt of the upwardly projecting legs 80 of the L-shaped links 82. It should now be noticed that the legs 80 taper as they proceed upwardly; the channels 210 of the brackets 208 taper in correspondence with the legs 80. Thus assembly of the chair back to the side linkages involves slipping the bracket 208 channels 210 over the legs 80 and lowering the back until the legs have homed in the channels. Then screws 212 may be run through the aligned openings 214, 216 to secure the back to the chair.

Note that both the chair back and the seat and arm frame can be fully manufactured and upholstered before being installed on the chair. (Off-line manufacture and upholstering of these units is considered advantageous because problems occurring during one operation need not affect assembly.)

The ease of assembly of the back to the chair means the chair can be shipped in a knocked-down condition, i.e. with the back separate from the rest of the chair and packed with the rest of the chair in a much more compact box than could be the case if the chair were shipped fully assembled.

In order to improve the appearance of the juncture of the chair seat and back as seen from behind the chair while the chair back is erect, a flap of upholstery may be provided which extends from below the remainder of the chair back and zips onto the upholstery of the seat and arm frame near the lower rear marginal edge of the latter. The upholstery may also include side skirts on the seat and arm from sides and back to mask the chair hardware, similar service may be performed by a flap of upholstery extending from the chair seat front, below its cushion, to the rear edge of the primary footrest, between the modified lazytongs of the footrest operating portions of the side linkages. An-

other flap 217 is shown flipped up from the primary footrest to expose the secondary footrest 32.

THE PLATFORM ROCKER SPRINGS These elements 16 are conventional units which are conventionally secured to the insides of the cams and platform rocker base. They provide a datum for the chair in providing restoration force means tending to return the chair, when rocked, to an intermediate condition between rocked back and rocked forward.

THE PREFERRED LOCK MECHANISM It is important to note that, in the preferred embodiment, the lock and side linkages are separate from one another and affect one another via the torque tube 24 to which both the side linkages and the lock are connected.

The preferred lock 18 is a unitary assembly which is mounted on the underside of the rear cross member 56 of the rocker cam unit and is also connected to the torque tube to be operated through translational and rotational movement of the torque tube with respect to the rocker cam unit and the platform rocker base 12.

As shown, the lock 18 is relatively narrow in a side to-side direction and relatively long in a front to back direction. It may be installed at a location laterally offset from the front-to-back centerline of the chair, about halfway toward one of the rocker cams in order to keep those portions of the lock which project upwardly from being directly under the part of the seat which is distended downwardly the most when someone is sitting in the chair.

The lock mechanism includes a plate 350 screwed to the bottom of the rear cross member 56 at 352. The plate has a thick, depending, longitudinally extending flange 354 which projects forwardly and upwardly of the plate 350 adjacent the front edge of the cross member 56 to provide a horizontal axis pivot 356.

The flange 354 also extends rearwardly of the cross member 56 where it expands upwardly to provide a cam and lock plate 358. The latter has a generally upwardly and rearwardly convex cam surface 360 that includes a rearwardly opening notch 362 about threefourths of the way up the surface 360.

The pivot 356 mounts the upper end of an L-shaped link 364. When the chair is in an upright condition with the footrest retracted, the link 364 extends downwardly, then rearwardly from the pivot 356. The opposite, outer rearward end of the link 364 carries a horizontal axis pivot 366 which pivotally mounts the rear end of another L-shaped link 368. From the pivot 366, the L-shaped link 368 extends forwardly, then upwardly (when the chair is in an upright condition with the footrest retracted).

The lock further includes a keeper 370 that is mounted in the inside of the rear rail 46 of the base 12 by screws 372. The keeper 370 includes a plate 374 which has two laterally spaced forwardly projecting lugs 376 which have horizontal axis pivots 378 at corresponding locations at their forward ends. The pivots 378 pivotally mount the lower ends of a generally U- shaped yoke 380. The latter has a horizontal, transversely extending cam follower pin and keeper 382 mounted between its legs a short distance down from the upper extent thereof the lock is operated by a rigid bow shaped link 383 which dips under the rear cross member 56, has its forward end pivoted to the knee of the L-shaped link 364 at 384 and has its rearward end pivoted at 386 to one leg of the yoke 380 below the pin/keeper 382.

The lock 18 works off the torque tube 24 by being pivotally connected thereto. A C-shaped bracket 254 has its back aligned with and bolted to one side of the hollow, square-sectioned torque tube 24. The forward, upper end of the L-shaped link 368 is pivotally secured to the end of one leg of the bracket 254 by a horizontalaxis pivot 258.

It should be apparent that without conceptual modification, the keeper could be mounted on the inside of the front rail and the lock reversed to coact with the reoriented keeper.

The other leg 272 of the C-shaped bracket 254 mounts a helper spring. The two legs of the bracket 254 could be on separated elements; providing them on the same element simplifies assembly of the chair. The outer end of the short leg 27 2 carries a horizontal-axis pivot 274 which pivotally mounts one end of a short link 276 whose opposite end carries a horizontal-axis pivot 278. There is provided an arcuate link 280 which has one end pivotally mounted at 278 and which has an opening 282 in its opposite end for receipt of one hooked end of a tensioning helper coil spring 284 whose opposite end is secured to the underside of the front of the seat of the seat and arm frame for assisting in retraction of the footrest. The links 276 and 280 can CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PREFERRED LOCK Extending the Footrest Grasp the operator handle and begin rotating it; this rotates the torque tube. This pulls the link 368 forwardly and its forward end upwardly, causing the L- shaped link 364 to pivot about the pivot 356. That, in turn, causes the link 364 knee to move forwardly and upwardly which pulls the bowed link 383 forwardly. The latter pulls the yoke 380 forwardly about the pivot 386 so that the pin/keeper 382 contacts the cam surface 360. Once the pin/keeper 382 contacts the cam surface 360, the chair occupant is positively inhibited from being able to rock forwardly. As rotation of the operating handle continues, the pin/keeper rides relatively up the surface 360-partly by further rotation of the yoke 380 forwardly about the pivots 386 and partly by pushing the cam and lock plate 358 downwardly. The latter occurs because the yoke 380 moves more nearly horizontally than the curve of the cam surface 360. Because the cam and lock plate 358 is rigid with respect to the rocker cam unit, downward movement of the cam and lock plate 358 causes the rocker cam unit (to which the seat and arm frame are secured) to tilt rearwardly to a predetermined degree to provide the aforementioned bucketing. When bucketing has been achieved, the pin/keeper 382 has entered the,

notch 362 and the rocker cam unit is fixidly secured against both forward and rear rocking. Reclining With the Footrest Already Extended The seat and arm frame move upwardly and forwardly, with respect to the remainder of the chair, about the parallelogram portions of the side linkages. Motion between the torque tube, which moves upwardly and forwardly with the seat and arm frame unit, and the lock which remains engaged as it was, is accommodated in lost motion by rotation of the link 386 upward about the pivot 386, causing lifting and rotation of the L-shaped link 364. Reclining Without Extension of the Footrest As the back is pushed down the torque tube does not move with respect to the seat and arm frame; it moves upwardly and forwardly with the seat and arm frame, pulling the bowed link forwardly causing inhibiting of forward rock, bucketing and latching against forward and rear rocking substantially as described under the heading Extending the Footrest. Full relining is achieved at about the same point in time as latching of the pin/keeper in the cam notch. When certain longlegged, tall people sit in the chair, their natural inclination is to tilt the seat and arm frame backward, i.e., by rocking the rocker cam unit back on the side rails of the base. When they then begin to recline, the pin/- keeper misses the cam notch and engages the cam surface 360 above the notch. The cam surface is so configured that pressure of the pin on the cam surface above the notch rocks the chair to an extreme thereby preventing forward rocking and further rearward rocking. This automatically produces a bucketing angle which taller people seem to like better. If the footrest is extended after the back has been reclined, rotation of the torque tube by the operating handle causes wrapping of the L-shaped link 368 of the lock further about the torque tube, in lost motion, without further disturbing the lock. Lowering the Footrest Grasp the operating handle and in one smooth movement, rotate it forwardly to its initial angular disposition: the footrest will smoothly return from a fully extended to a fully retracted condition. Alternatively,

grasp the operating handle, rotate it forwardly slightly, then let it go. It will then rotate further until the footrest position pin drops into the second extended position slot or shoulder on the footrest position cam. If desired, tap the handle for a second time, the pin will withdraw from the shoulder or notch and the footrest will retract to its first extended position where the footrest position pin drops into the first extended position shoulder or slot on the footrest position cam. Tapping the operating handle forwardly a third time will cause the footrest to drop to a fully retracted condition. Of course, the footrest may be brought directly from the second extended position to the fully retracted position by forward rotation of the handle as explained under the preceding section. Also, the footrest may be raised from any intermediate position should the user change his mind after partly retracting the footrest and decide to extend it. I

DIFFERENCES FOR THE SWIVEL VARIANT With reference to FIGS. 9 and 10 a variation of the preferred embodiment of the chair is shown modified and equipped for 360 degrees swivelling about a vertical axis. FIG. 9 is a top plan view of the modified platform rocker base; all of the preferred embodiment above the platform rocker base remains as depicted in the earlier Figures.

The base 12 is modified by omission of the supporting outriggers 48; by inclusion of two laterally spaced box channels 290 with flat tabs 292 (FIG. 10) welded on opposite ends. The tabs 292 are pierced at 294 to accept bolts 296 for securing the box channels to the undersides of the front rail 44 and back rail 46. The channels 290 are sufficiently close to one another that they do not interfere with normal operation of the platform rocker springs 16 and sufficiently far apart that they do not interfere with normal operation of the lock 18. The upper plate 298 ofa swivel assembly 300 is secured to the channels 290 at 302. The lower plate 304 of the swivel assembly 300 is secured at 306 on the topcenter of a large disk 308, eg of plywood or steel plate. The disk 308 has a diameter preferably almost as large as the largest diagonal width of the chair seat and arm frame. The large diameter of the disk is what obviates the need for the chair base outriggers. Between the plates of the swivel assembly is a circular set of roller bearings (not depicted). Such swivel assemblies are presently commercially available, preassembled.

Operation of the swivel variant of the chair is as described in respect to the non-swivelling preferred embodiment, the swivelling capability being an additional feature.

It should not be apparent that the rocker recliner chair as described herein above possesses each of the attributes set forth in the specification under the heading SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION hereinbefore. Because the rocker recliner chair of the invention can be modified to some extent without departing from the principles of the invention as they have been outlined and explained in this specification, the present invention should be understood as encompassing all such modifications as are within the spirit and scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A rocker recliner chair including:

a base including a left side rail, a right side rail, a

front rail and a rear rail; the front and rear rails extending transversely of the chair between the side rails, the side rails having means defining rocker cam running surfaces thereon;

a rocker cam unit including a left and a right, laterally spaced, rocker cams; said rocker cam unit being rockably mounted on the base with the rocker cams thereof running on said rocker cam running surfaces, said rocker cam unit being structured to carry a chair seat, arms and back;

a first platform rocker spring unit secured to the right side rail and the right rocker cam; a second platform rocker spring unit secured to the left side rail and the left rocker cam;

a unitary left side linkage incorporating a plurality of pivotable links and a right unitary side linkage incorporating a plurality of pivotable links;

the left and right side linkages being mounted on the left and right sides of the rocker cam unit;

a unitary chair seat and arm frame mounted on the left and right side linkages; and

a chair back mounted on the left and right side linkages;

each side linkage including:

a generally horizontal bracket rigidly mounted on the cam frame; a generally horizontal link rigidly connected to and supporting one side of the seat and arm frame unit; and two, generally parallel, generally vertically extending links, one pivoted at its upper end to said bracket, near the rear end of the bracket and pivoted at its lower end to said generally horizontal link near the rear end of the generally horizontal link, the other of the generally parallel links being pivoted at its upper end to said bracket near the front end of the bracket and pivoted at its lower end to said generally horizontal link near the front end of the generally horizontal link, whereby the chair seat and arm frame unit is mounted for parallelogram, swinging movement with respect to the rocker cam unit; two longitudinally spaced, generally upwardly extending links having lower ends rigidly connected to said generally horizontal link; a generally horizontal channel disposed above the aforementioned cam framemounted brackets, the upper ends of the upwardly extending links being rigidly secured to the generally horizontal channel; the seat and arm frame unit being rigidly directly secured to the generally horizontal channels, thereby supporting and rigidly connecting the seat and arm frame unit with respect to the generally horizontal links;

a leg extending rearwardly from the lower end of the rearmost of each of said generally parallel, generally vertically extending links, resulting in the lastmentioned links being V-shaped;

an L-shaped chair back mounting link for each side linkage, each said L-shaped link having a forwardly projecting leg and an upwardly projecting link, the forward end of each forwardly projecting leg being pivoted with respect to the upper end region of the rearmost of the generally upwardly extending links whose lower ends are rigidly connected to said generally horizontal link; and each L-shaped link, near the juncture of the two legs thereof being pivoted to the upper end of an operator link, the lower end of each operator link being pivoted to the rearwardly extending leg of the respective V-shaped link, distally of the juncture of the rearwardly extending leg with the remainder of the V-shaped link;

the chair back being mounted on the upwardly extending legs of the L-shaped links, whereby reclining of the chair back rotates the L-shaped links, disposing the upwardly extending legs rearwardly and the forwardly extending legs upwardly, causing the V-shaped links to be rotated via the operator links, thus moving the chair seat and arm frame unit upwardly and forwardly with respect to the cam frame;

a lazy tongs constructed and arranged to extend upwardly as it extends forwardly; the two lazy tongs mounting a footrest between them at the forward extent thereof; the footrest including two longitudinally spaced, transversely extending halves, and the lazy tongs include separate bracket means for mounting each of the footrest sections; the bracket means for mounting the footrest section which is longitudinally foremost when the lazy tongs are extended including means for pivoting that footrest section to a position longitudinally behind the other footrest section upon retraction of the lazy tongs;

operator handle means mounted on one of the side linkages and connected to operator link means for extending and retracting the lazy tongs of that side linkage; and a torque tube extending transversely between the side linkages and rigidly connecting the operator handle means with operator link means for extending and retracting the lazy tongs of the opposite side linkage, whereby rotation of the operator handle extends and retracts both lazy tongs, coordinately;

a longitudinally elongated, laterally narrow lock mechanism constructed and arranged to, in a first condition, permit rocking of the rocker cam unit with respect to the base, and to, in a second condition, prevent rocking of the rocker cam unit with respect to the base; the lock means including:

yoke means having a transversely, laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis;

pivoting linkage means connecting the torque tube and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon rotation and upon translation of said torque tube;

a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith, said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke means upon rotation of the torque tube in a sense to extend the footrest and upon forward, upward translation of the torque tube ensuing with reclining of the chair back;

the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to bucket the chair occupant.

2. The rocker recliner chair of claim 1 wherein said linkage means includes a long link that extends under a cross member of the rocker cam unit and has a rear end pivoted to the yoke means; a first L-shaped link having one end of one leg pivotally mounted with respect to said cross member of the rocker cam unit and the knee thereof pivoted to the forward end of said long link; a second L-shaped link having one end pivoted to the opposite end of the first L-shaped link; an ear mounted on said torque tube; the opposite end of the second L-shaped link being pivoted to said ear.

3. The rocker recliner chair of claim 1 wherein the cam surface includes a notch intermediate the extent thereof facing said yoke means and arranged to be entered by said pin upon bucketing of the normal chair occupant to fully inhibit rearward rockability also.

4. The rocker recliner chair of claim 3 wherein the cam surface beyond the notch means is configured and oriented to be the place where the pin initially contacts the cam surface when the chair is occupied by a tall oecupant who tends to rock the chair most of the way back before beginning to extend the footrest or recline the chair back, and so that further travel of the pin along the cam surfaces buckets the tall chair occupant by a predetermined amount that is greater than that for a normal chair occupant and equivalent to a fully rocked back condition thereby fully inhibiting further rearward rockability for the tall chair occupant.

5. A rocker recliner chair including:

a base;

a rocker cam unit rockably mounted on the base;

a seat and arm frame unit;

a chair back;

a left side linkage and a right side linkage mounted on the rocker cam unit and respectively mounting the left and right sides of the seat and arm frame unit with respect to the rocker cam unit;

the left and right side linkages each comprising a plurality of interpivoted links including; a parallelogram linkage system hangingly mounting the seat and arm frame unit with respect to the rocker cam unit, and a lazy tongs;

each side linkage further including a seat back mounting link mounted to be arcuately moved as the chair back is reclined and erected; a link extending between the seat back mounting link and the parell elogram linkage system of the respective side linkage and pivotally secured to each, so that, as the chair back is reclined the chair seat and arm frame unit is moved upwardly and forwardly by operation of the parellelogram linkage systems;

a footrest mounted upon and extending laterally between the forward ends of the lazy tongs of the left and right side linkages;

a torque transmitting tube extending laterally between the left and right side linkages and interconnecting the lazy tongs of the left and right side linkages; and

an operator handle mounted on one of the side linkages and connected crank-fashion to the lazy tongs of that side linkage so that rotation of the operating handle extends and retracts the lazy tongs of that side linkage directly and the other lazy tongs coordinately via the torque tube;

a lock disposed laterally intermediate the side linkages; the lock including a plurality of interpivoted links including one link pivotally connected to the torque tube and arranged to operate the lock both when the torque tube is rotated by rotation of the operating handle in extending the lazy tongs and footrest and when the torque tube is translated forwardly and upwardly in reclining the chair back;

the lock further including yoke means having a transversely, laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis;

said interpivoted links including said one link con necting the torque tube and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon rotation and upon translation of said torque tube;

a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith, said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke means upon rotation of the torque tube in a sense to extend the footrest and upon forward, upward translation of the torque tube ensuing with reclining of the chair back;

the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predeter mined amount to bucket the chair occupant.

6. A rocker recliner chair including:

a base; i

a rocker cam unit rockably mounted on the base;

a unitary left side linkage and a unitary right side linkage, the side linkages each comprising a plurality of interpivoted links and being mounted on the rocker cam unit for mounting thereon a chair back, a chair seat and arm frame unit and a footrest;

a rocker lock mechanism mounted on the rocker cam unit between the side linkages and engageable with the base to inhibit rocking of the rocker cam unit with respect to the base upon movement of the side linkages to effect reclining of the chair back and upon movement of the side linkages to effect extension of the footrest;

a torque tube extending transversely between the two side linkages and connected to corresponding links thereof for coordinating footrest extending and retracting movements of the side linkages;

the lock mechanism including;

yoke means having a transversely laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis;

pivoting linkage means connecting the torque tube and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon rotation and upon translation of said torgue tube; said linkage means including: a long link that extends under a cross member of the rocker cam unit and has a rear end pivoted to the yoke means; a first L-shaped link having one end of one leg pivotally mounted with respect to said cross member of the rocker cam unit and the knee thereof pivoted to the forward end of said long link; a second L-shaped link having one end pivoted to the opposite end of the first L-shaped link; an ear mounted on said torque tube; the opposite end of the second L-shaped link being pivoted to said ear; a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith; said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke means upon rotation of the torquetube in a sense to extend the footrest and upon forward, upward translation of the torque tube ensuing with reclining of the chair back;

the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to bucket the chair occupant.

7. A rocker recliner chair including:

a base;

a rocker cam unit rockably mounted on the base;

a unitary left side linkage and a unitary right side linkage, the side linkages each comprising a plurality of interpivoted links and being mounted on the rocker cam unit for mounting thereon a chair back, a chair seat and arm frame unit and a footrest;

a rocker lock mechanism mounted on the rocker cam unit between the side linkages and engageable with the base to inhibit rocking of the rocker cam unit with respect to the base upon movement of the side linkages to effect reclining of the chair back and upon movement of the side linkages to effect extension of the footrest;

a torque tube extending transversely between the two side linkages and connected to corresponding links thereof for coordinating footrest extending and retracting movements of the side linkages;

the lock mechanism including;

yoke means having a transversely laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis;

pivoting linkage means connecting the torque tube and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon rotation and upon translation of said torque tube;

a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith, said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke upon rotation of the torque in a sense to extend the footrest and upon forward, upward translation of the torque tube ensuing with reclining of the chair back;

the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to bucket the chair occupant;

the cam surface including a notch intermediate the extent thereof facing said yoke means and arranged to be entered by said pin upon bucketing of the normal chair occupant to fully inhibit rearward rockability also;

the cam surface beyond the notch means being configured and oriented to be the place where the pin initially contacts the cam surface when the chair is occupied by a tall occupant who tends to rock the chair most of the way back before beginning to extend the footrest or recline the chair back, and so that further travel of the pin along the cam surfaces buckets the tall chair occupant by a predetermined amount that is greater than that for a normal chair occupant and equivalent to a fully rocked back condition thereby fully inhibiting further rearward rockability for the tall chair occupant.

8. The rocker recliner chair of claim 7 further including an operating handle; linkage means on one of the side linkages connecting the operating handle to the torque tube so that rotation of the operating handle produces coordinate operation of both side linkages;

limited most motion means incorporated between the one side linkage and the operating handle, including a plate having notch means in the periphery thereof, a follower pin adapted to run along the periphery of said plate upon rotation of the operating handle; spring biasing means connected to the follower pin for forcing the follower pin into the notch means to arrest footrest retracting movement of the side linkages; and the linkage means on said one side linkage including means for withdrawing the follower pin means from any of the notch means upon application of rotational torque to the operating handle in a sense to produce footrest retracting movement of the side linkages.

9. In a rocker recliner chair having a base, a rocker cam unit rockably mounted on the base via rocker earns, a seat and arm frame unit mounted on the rocker cam unit, a chair back which can be reclined and erected, and a footrest which can be extended and retracted: a lock mechanism mounted on the rocker cam unit for permitting rocking of the seat and arm frame unit, chair back, footrest and rocker cam frame on the base so long as the footrest is retracted and the chair back is erect and preventing rocking of the seat and arm frame unit, chair back, footrest and rocker cam frame on the base when either of the following conditions exist: the footrest is extended and the chair back is reclined;

the lock mechanism including:

yoke means having a transversely, laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis;

linkage means connecting the footrest, the seat and arm frame unit, the back and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon extension of the footrest and upon reclining of the chair back;

a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith, said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke means upon extension of the footrest and upon reclining of the chair back;

the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to bucket the chair occupant.

10. The rocker recliner chair of claim 9 wherein the cam surface includes a notch intermediate the extent thereof facing said yoke means and arranged to be entered by said pin upon bucketing of the normal chair occupant to fully inhibits rearward rockability also.

the chair back, and so that further travel of the pin along the cam surfaces buckets the tall chair occupant by a predetermined amount that is greater than that for a normal chair occupant and equivalent to a fully rocked back condition thereby fully inhibiting further rearward rockability for the tall chair occupant;

the lock mechanism including: notch means mounted on one of the rocker cam unit and the chair base, pin means mounted on the other of the rocker cam unit and the chair base; means responsive to translation and rotation of the torque tube for moving the pin means into the notch means upon predetermined rotation of the torque tube in a sense to extend the footrest or predetermined translation of the torque tube incident to reclining of the chair back, to lock the rocker cam unit with respect to the base to fully inhibit forward and rear rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof.

Claims (11)

1. A rocker recliner chair including: a base including a left side rail, a right side rail, a front rail and a rear rail; the front and rear rails extending transversely of the chair between the side rails, the side rails having means defining rocker cam running surfaces thereon; a rocker cam unit including a left and a right, laterally spaced, rocker cams; said rocker cam unit being rockably mounted on the base with the rocker cams thereof running on said rocker cam running surfaces, said rocker cam unit being structured to carry a chair seat, arms and back; a first platform rocker spring unit secured to the right side rail and the right rocker cam; a second platform rocker spring unit secured to the left side rail and the left rocker cam; a unitary left side linkage incorporating a plurality of pivotable links and a right unitary side linkage incorporating a plurality of pivotable links; the left and right side linkages being mounted on the left and right sides of the rocker cam unit; a unitary chair seat and arm frame mounted on the left and right side linkages; and a chair back mounted on the left and right side linkages; each side linkage including: a generally horizontal bracket rigidly mounted on the cam frame; a generally horizontal link rigidly connected to and supporting one side of the seat and arm frame unit; and two, generally parallel, generally vertically extending lInks, one pivoted at its upper end to said bracket, near the rear end of the bracket and pivoted at its lower end to said generally horizontal link near the rear end of the generally horizontal link, the other of the generally parallel links being pivoted at its upper end to said bracket near the front end of the bracket and pivoted at its lower end to said generally horizontal link near the front end of the generally horizontal link, whereby the chair seat and arm frame unit is mounted for parallelogram, swinging movement with respect to the rocker cam unit; two longitudinally spaced, generally upwardly extending links having lower ends rigidly connected to said generally horizontal link; a generally horizontal channel disposed above the aforementioned cam frame-mounted brackets, the upper ends of the upwardly extending links being rigidly secured to the generally horizontal channel; the seat and arm frame unit being rigidly directly secured to the generally horizontal channels, thereby supporting and rigidly connecting the seat and arm frame unit with respect to the generally horizontal links; a leg extending rearwardly from the lower end of the rearmost of each of said generally parallel, generally vertically extending links, resulting in the last-mentioned links being V-shaped; an L-shaped chair back mounting link for each side linkage, each said L-shaped link having a forwardly projecting leg and an upwardly projecting link, the forward end of each forwardly projecting leg being pivoted with respect to the upper end region of the rearmost of the generally upwardly extending links whose lower ends are rigidly connected to said generally horizontal link; and each L-shaped link, near the juncture of the two legs thereof being pivoted to the upper end of an operator link, the lower end of each operator link being pivoted to the rearwardly extending leg of the respective Vshaped link, distally of the juncture of the rearwardly extending leg with the remainder of the V-shaped link; the chair back being mounted on the upwardly extending legs of the L-shaped links, whereby reclining of the chair back rotates the L-shaped links, disposing the upwardly extending legs rearwardly and the forwardly extending legs upwardly, causing the V-shaped links to be rotated via the operator links, thus moving the chair seat and arm frame unit upwardly and forwardly with respect to the cam frame; a lazy tongs constructed and arranged to extend upwardly as it extends forwardly; the two lazy tongs mounting a footrest between them at the forward extent thereof; the footrest including two longitudinally spaced, transversely extending halves, and the lazy tongs include separate bracket means for mounting each of the footrest sections; the bracket means for mounting the footrest section which is longitudinally foremost when the lazy tongs are extended including means for pivoting that footrest section to a position longitudinally behind the other footrest section upon retraction of the lazy tongs; operator handle means mounted on one of the side linkages and connected to operator link means for extending and retracting the lazy tongs of that side linkage; and a torque tube extending transversely between the side linkages and rigidly connecting the operator handle means with operator link means for extending and retracting the lazy tongs of the opposite side linkage, whereby rotation of the operator handle extends and retracts both lazy tongs, coordinately; a longitudinally elongated, laterally narrow lock mechanism constructed and arranged to, in a first condition, permit rocking of the rocker cam unit with respect to the base, and to, in a second condition, prevent rocking of the rocker cam unit with respect to the base; the lock means including: yoke means having a transversely, laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis; pivoting linkage mEans connecting the torque tube and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon rotation and upon translation of said torque tube; a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith, said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke means upon rotation of the torque tube in a sense to extend the footrest and upon forward, upward translation of the torque tube ensuing with reclining of the chair back; the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to ''bucket'' the chair occupant.
2. The rocker recliner chair of claim 1 wherein said linkage means includes a long link that extends under a cross member of the rocker cam unit and has a rear end pivoted to the yoke means; a first L-shaped link having one end of one leg pivotally mounted with respect to said cross member of the rocker cam unit and the knee thereof pivoted to the forward end of said long link; a second L-shaped link having one end pivoted to the opposite end of the first L-shaped link; an ear mounted on said torque tube; the opposite end of the second L-shaped link being pivoted to said ear.
3. The rocker recliner chair of claim 1 wherein the cam surface includes a notch intermediate the extent thereof facing said yoke means and arranged to be entered by said pin upon bucketing of the normal chair occupant to fully inhibit rearward rockability also.
4. The rocker recliner chair of claim 3 wherein the cam surface beyond the notch means is configured and oriented to be the place where the pin initially contacts the cam surface when the chair is occupied by a tall occupant who tends to rock the chair most of the way back before beginning to extend the footrest or recline the chair back, and so that further travel of the pin along the cam surfaces buckets the tall chair occupant by a predetermined amount that is greater than that for a normal chair occupant and equivalent to a fully rocked back condition thereby fully inhibiting further rearward rockability for the tall chair occupant.
5. A rocker recliner chair including: a base; a rocker cam unit rockably mounted on the base; a seat and arm frame unit; a chair back; a left side linkage and a right side linkage mounted on the rocker cam unit and respectively mounting the left and right sides of the seat and arm frame unit with respect to the rocker cam unit; the left and right side linkages each comprising a plurality of interpivoted links including; a parallelogram linkage system hangingly mounting the seat and arm frame unit with respect to the rocker cam unit, and a lazy tongs; each side linkage further including a seat back mounting link mounted to be arcuately moved as the chair back is reclined and erected; a link extending between the seat back mounting link and the parellelogram linkage system of the respective side linkage and pivotally secured to each, so that, as the chair back is reclined the chair seat and arm frame unit is moved upwardly and forwardly by operation of the parellelogram linkage systems; a footrest mounted upon and extending laterally between the forward ends of the lazy tongs of the left and right side linkages; a torque transmitting tube extending laterally between the left and right side linkages and interconnecting the lazy tongs of the left and right side linkages; and an operator handle mounted on one of the side linkages and connected crank-fashion to the lazy tongs of that side linkage so that rotation of the operating handle extends and retracts the Lazy tongs of that side linkage directly and the other lazy tongs coordinately via the torque tube; a lock disposed laterally intermediate the side linkages; the lock including a plurality of interpivoted links including one link pivotally connected to the torque tube and arranged to operate the lock both when the torque tube is rotated by rotation of the operating handle in extending the lazy tongs and footrest and when the torque tube is translated forwardly and upwardly in reclining the chair back; the lock further including yoke means having a transversely, laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis; said interpivoted links including said one link connecting the torque tube and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon rotation and upon translation of said torque tube; a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith, said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke means upon rotation of the torque tube in a sense to extend the footrest and upon forward, upward translation of the torque tube ensuing with reclining of the chair back; the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to ''bucket'' the chair occupant.
6. A rocker recliner chair including: a base; a rocker cam unit rockably mounted on the base; a unitary left side linkage and a unitary right side linkage, the side linkages each comprising a plurality of interpivoted links and being mounted on the rocker cam unit for mounting thereon a chair back, a chair seat and arm frame unit and a footrest; a rocker lock mechanism mounted on the rocker cam unit between the side linkages and engageable with the base to inhibit rocking of the rocker cam unit with respect to the base upon movement of the side linkages to effect reclining of the chair back and upon movement of the side linkages to effect extension of the footrest; a torque tube extending transversely between the two side linkages and connected to corresponding links thereof for coordinating footrest extending and retracting movements of the side linkages; the lock mechanism including; yoke means having a transversely laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis; pivoting linkage means connecting the torque tube and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon rotation and upon translation of said torgue tube; said linkage means including: a long link that extends under a cross member of the rocker cam unit and has a rear end pivoted to the yoke means; a first L-shaped link having one end of one leg pivotally mounted with respect to said cross member of the rocker cam unit and the knee thereof pivoted to the forward end of said long link; a second L-shaped link having one end pivoted to the opposite end of the first L-shaped link; an ear mounted on said torque tube; the opposite end of the second L-shaped link being pivoted to said ear; a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith; said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke means upon rotation of the torque tube in a sense to extend the footrest and upon forward, upward translation of the torque tube ensuing with reclining of the chair back; the axis about which the yoke means pIvots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to ''bucket'' the chair occupant.
7. A rocker recliner chair including: a base; a rocker cam unit rockably mounted on the base; a unitary left side linkage and a unitary right side linkage, the side linkages each comprising a plurality of interpivoted links and being mounted on the rocker cam unit for mounting thereon a chair back, a chair seat and arm frame unit and a footrest; a rocker lock mechanism mounted on the rocker cam unit between the side linkages and engageable with the base to inhibit rocking of the rocker cam unit with respect to the base upon movement of the side linkages to effect reclining of the chair back and upon movement of the side linkages to effect extension of the footrest; a torque tube extending transversely between the two side linkages and connected to corresponding links thereof for coordinating footrest extending and retracting movements of the side linkages; the lock mechanism including; yoke means having a transversely laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis; pivoting linkage means connecting the torque tube and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon rotation and upon translation of said torque tube; a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith, said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke upon rotation of the torque in a sense to extend the footrest and upon forward, upward translation of the torque tube ensuing with reclining of the chair back; the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to ''bucket'' the chair occupant; the cam surface including a notch intermediate the extent thereof facing said yoke means and arranged to be entered by said pin upon bucketing of the normal chair occupant to fully inhibit rearward rockability also; the cam surface beyond the notch means being configured and oriented to be the place where the pin initially contacts the cam surface when the chair is occupied by a tall occupant who tends to rock the chair most of the way back before beginning to extend the footrest or recline the chair back, and so that further travel of the pin along the cam surfaces buckets the tall chair occupant by a predetermined amount that is greater than that for a normal chair occupant and equivalent to a fully rocked back condition thereby fully inhibiting further rearward rockability for the tall chair occupant.
8. The rocker recliner chair of claim 7 further including an operating handle; linkage means on one of the side linkages connecting the operating handle to the torque tube so that rotation of the operating handle produces coordinate operation of both side linkages; limited most motion means incorporated between the one side linkage and the operating handle, including a plate having notch means in the periphery thereof, a follower pin adapted to run along the periphery of said plate upon rotation of the operating handle; spring biasing means connected to the follower pin for forcing the follower pin into the notch means to arrest footrest retracting movement of the side linkages; and the linkage means on said one side linkage including means for withdrawing the follower pin means from any of the notch means upon application of rotational torque to the operating handle in a sense to produce footrest retracting movement of the side linkages.
9. In a rocker recliner chair having a base, a rocker cam unit rockably mounted on the base via rocker cams, a seat and arm frame unit mounted on the rocker cam unit, a chair back which can be reclined and erected, and a footrest which can be extended and retracted: a lock mechanism mounted on the rocker cam unit for permitting rocking of the seat and arm frame unit, chair back, footrest and rocker cam frame on the base so long as the footrest is retracted and the chair back is erect and preventing rocking of the seat and arm frame unit, chair back, footrest and rocker cam frame on the base when either of the following conditions exist: the footrest is extended and the chair back is reclined; the lock mechanism including: yoke means having a transversely, laterally extending pin; means pivotally mounting the yoke means on the base for pivotal movement about a transversely extending horizontal axis; linkage means connecting the footrest, the seat and arm frame unit, the back and the yoke means for pivoting said yoke means about said transversely extending horizontal axis upon extension of the footrest and upon reclining of the chair back; a cam and latch plate mounted on said rocker cam unit for movement therewith, said cam and latch plate having means defining a curved cam surface arranged to be engaged by the pin of said yoke means upon extension of the footrest and upon reclining of the chair back; the axis about which the yoke means pivots being so displaced with respect to the curvature of the cam surface of the cam and latch plate that initial contact between the pin and the cam surface fully inhibits forward rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof and further travel of the pin along the cam surface forces the rocker cam unit to rock backward on the base by a predetermined amount to ''bucket'' the chair occupant.
10. The rocker recliner chair of claim 9 wherein the cam surface includes a notch intermediate the extent thereof facing said yoke means and arranged to be entered by said pin upon bucketing of the normal chair occupant to fully inhibits rearward rockability also.
11. The rocker recliner chair of claim 10 wherein the cam surface beyond the notch means is configured and oriented to be the place where the pin initially contacts the cam surface when the chair is occupied by a tall occupant who tends to rock the chair most of the way back before beginning to extend the footrest or recline the chair back, and so that further travel of the pin along the cam surfaces buckets the tall chair occupant by a predetermined amount that is greater than that for a normal chair occupant and equivalent to a fully rocked back condition thereby fully inhibiting further rearward rockability for the tall chair occupant; the lock mechanism including: notch means mounted on one of the rocker cam unit and the chair base, pin means mounted on the other of the rocker cam unit and the chair base; means responsive to translation and rotation of the torque tube for moving the pin means into the notch means upon predetermined rotation of the torque tube in a sense to extend the footrest or predetermined translation of the torque tube incident to reclining of the chair back, to lock the rocker cam unit with respect to the base to fully inhibit forward and rear rockability of the chair with respect to the base thereof.
US00127649A 1970-11-05 1971-03-24 Rocker recliner chair Expired - Lifetime US3815954A (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US8728070A true 1970-11-05 1970-11-05
US00124055A US3819229A (en) 1970-11-05 1971-03-15 Rocker recliner chair
US00127649A US3815954A (en) 1970-11-05 1971-03-24 Rocker recliner chair
US386405A US3904240A (en) 1970-11-05 1973-08-07 Rocker recliner chair

Applications Claiming Priority (17)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US00124055A US3819229A (en) 1970-11-05 1971-03-15 Rocker recliner chair
US00127649A US3815954A (en) 1970-11-05 1971-03-24 Rocker recliner chair
ZA720377A ZA7200377B (en) 1971-03-15 1972-01-19 Rocker recliner chair
GB861172A GB1382074A (en) 1971-03-15 1972-02-24 Rocker recliner chair
IT21206/72A IT948011B (en) 1971-03-15 1972-02-29 Chair or chair equipped so you can tilt and don dolare
CA135,769A CA997666A (en) 1971-03-15 1972-02-29 Rocker recliner chair
CH332872A CH549980A (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-07 Rocking recliner.
DE19722211448 DE2211448A1 (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-09
GB1134472A GB1384280A (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-10 Rocker recliner chair
BE780588A BE780588A (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-13 Siege rocker recliner
LU64949A LU64949A1 (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-13
AU39927/72A AU3992772A (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-13 Rocker recliner chair
FR7208588A FR2129621A5 (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-13
SE318072A SE7203180L (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-13 Rocker recliner chair
NL7203353A NL7203353A (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-14
ES401143A ES401143A1 (en) 1971-03-15 1972-03-14 Rocker recliner chair
US386405A US3904240A (en) 1970-11-05 1973-08-07 Rocker recliner chair

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US3815954A true US3815954A (en) 1974-06-11

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ID=51427374

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US00124055A Expired - Lifetime US3819229A (en) 1970-11-05 1971-03-15 Rocker recliner chair
US00127649A Expired - Lifetime US3815954A (en) 1970-11-05 1971-03-24 Rocker recliner chair
US386405A Expired - Lifetime US3904240A (en) 1970-11-05 1973-08-07 Rocker recliner chair

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US00124055A Expired - Lifetime US3819229A (en) 1970-11-05 1971-03-15 Rocker recliner chair

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US386405A Expired - Lifetime US3904240A (en) 1970-11-05 1973-08-07 Rocker recliner chair

Country Status (14)

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US (3) US3819229A (en)
AU (1) AU3992772A (en)
BE (1) BE780588A (en)
CA (1) CA997666A (en)
CH (1) CH549980A (en)
DE (1) DE2211448A1 (en)
ES (1) ES401143A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2129621A5 (en)
GB (2) GB1382074A (en)
IT (1) IT948011B (en)
LU (1) LU64949A1 (en)
NL (1) NL7203353A (en)
SE (1) SE7203180L (en)
ZA (1) ZA7200377B (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE2211448A1 (en) 1972-11-23
AU3992772A (en) 1973-09-20
ES401143A1 (en) 1975-08-16
IT948011B (en) 1973-05-30
BE780588A (en) 1972-09-13
GB1384280A (en) 1975-02-19
GB1382074A (en) 1975-01-29
SE7203180L (en) 1972-09-18
FR2129621A5 (en) 1972-10-27
US3819229A (en) 1974-06-25
CA997666A (en) 1976-09-28
US3904240A (en) 1975-09-09
CH549980A (en) 1974-06-14
ZA7200377B (en) 1972-09-27
LU64949A1 (en) 1973-03-19
CA997666A1 (en)
BE780588A1 (en)
NL7203353A (en) 1972-09-19

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