US3761988A - Rear dump mechanisms for road sweepers - Google Patents

Rear dump mechanisms for road sweepers Download PDF

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Publication number
US3761988A
US3761988A US3761988DA US3761988A US 3761988 A US3761988 A US 3761988A US 3761988D A US3761988D A US 3761988DA US 3761988 A US3761988 A US 3761988A
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container
carrier
vehicle
dump
sweeper
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Expired - Lifetime
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B Overton
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Wayne Manufacturing Co
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Wayne Manufacturing Co
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/04Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
    • E01H1/047Collecting apparatus characterised by the hopper or by means for unloading the hopper

Abstract

A container positioned at the rear of a road sweeper vehicle to receive debris displaced rearwardly of the vehicle, is mounted in normal overlying relation to the vehicle rear wheel axle and is carrier-supported for rear dump door opening and tilted elevation by hydraulic cylinders through two lift stages, the carrier being pivoted to the vehicle and having bell crank characteristics permitting extended container elevation by hydraulic actuation.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Overton Oct. 2, 1973 i 1 REAR DUMP MECHANISMS FOR ROAD SWEEPERS [75] Inventor: Billy Joe Overton, Lake Arrowhead,
Calif.
[73] Assignee: WayneManulacturing Company, Pomona, Calif.
[22] Filed: Feb. 24, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 228,928
[52] US. Cl. 15/83, 214/502 [51] Int. Cl E01h 1/04 [58] Field of Search l5/83-86, 340; 214/502 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,614,279 10/1952 Mott 15/83 3,186,015 6/1965 Beyerstedt 15/83 3,312,992 4/1967 Schmidt et a1 15/83 3,461,474 8/1969 McCandless 15/83 3,540,070 11/1970 Brown 1 i 15/83 3,672,724 6/1972 Neuzil, Sr. 214/502 Primary Examiner-Edward L. Roberts Atl0rneyH. Clavin White et a1.
[57] ABSTRACT A container positioned at the rear of a road sweeper vehicle to receive debris displaced rearwardly of the vehicle, is mounted in normal overlying relation to the vehicle rear wheel axle and is carrier-supported for rear dump door opening and tilted elevation by hydraulic cylinders through two lift stages, the carrier being pivoted to the vehicle and having bell crank characteristics permitting extended container elevation by hydraulic actuation.
6 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures REAR DUMP MECHANISMS FOR ROAD SWEEPERS SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to improvements in the mounting and control of a debris container at the rear of a road sweeper vehicle of the type operating to sweep and displace debris rearwardly of the vehicle into the normally positioned container.
More particularly the invention is directed to novel features of the container structure, mode of elevation and control from the vehicle operator station, all in a manner such that the container may have a range of elevation from close to the ground surface upwardly to the highest elevation that might be required for dumping into raised receptacles. Such operations and movements of the container are hydraulically controlled by a system operating initially to open the container dump door and thereafter to so tilt and elevate the container that its movements may be ,arrested at any location within its total tilt and elevation range.
The invention achieves these general objectives by unique mounting and association of the contianer with a hydraulically actuated carrier essentially in the form of a pair of bell cranks at opposite sides of the container, the bell cranks being terminally pivoted to the vehicle frame and container and operable to tilt and elevate the container from a position initially overlying the rear wheel axle of the vehicle, to whatever extent desired depending upon the dump elevations in partic ular instances.
The control system employs three selectively operable actuator means responsive to hydraulic pressure and functioning respectively to control the container dump door, and successive tiltings and elevations of the container within its lift range.
According to preferred structures and arrangements :1 first hydraulic cylinder carried by the container is used to control the container door opening, second cylindcrs at opposite sides of the container operate to effect first stage tilting and elevation of the container, and third hydraulic cylinders operate to pivot the carrier components upwardly and elevate the container within its uppermost range of travel.
The invention also contemplates provision of a hydraulic system remotely controlled from the sweeper operator station to selectively and sequentially actuate the first, second and third hydraulic cylinders in the course of full range tilt elevation and lowering of the container back to its normal or starting position.
These as well as additional features and objects of the invention will be understood more fully from the following detailed description of an illustrative embodiment of the invention shown by the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows in side elevation a sweeper vehicle carrying at its rear the debris container and its actuating and control mechanisms referred to in the foregoing, the container being in normal overlying relation to the rear wheel axis for the reception of debris in normal sweeping operation of the vehicle.
FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing the container displaced and tilted rearwardly to dump at its lowermost elevation.
FIG. 3 shows the container raised to dump at an intermediate elevation;
FIG. 4 shows in solid lines the container raised to dump at an uppermost elevation, with the container and its carrier appearing in broken lines at an intermediate raised position; and
FIG. 5 is a diagrammatic showing of the hydraulic control system.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 1 to 4 show somewhat diagrammatically the sweeper vehicle to comprise a body structure and frame 10 carried by a forward steered wheel 11 and a pair of rear power driven wheels 12 mounted to the frame by suitable supports 13. The sweeper has a usual cylindrical pickup broom 14 power driven from the vehicle engine to rotate in the direction of the arrow 15 to sweep and displace debris from the road surface upwardly and rearwardly of the vehicle, the debris so displaced being directed by suitable hood or baffle means 16 into the debris container 17 in the normal travelling condition of the sweeper as it appears in FIG. 1. The forward open end 17a of the container is received within the sweeper body between its sides 18 which serve also as frame-supported members for mounting the later described container actuating cylinders 19. The container actuation is controlled from the operator station generally indicated at 20 by selectively pressurizing and depressurizing the various hydraulic cylinders in the control system as will later be described in particular reference to FIG. 5.
The container bottom is shown to have a stepped configuration with its rear extent 17b below the forward extent 17c to permit the container to closely overlie and clear the rear wheel axis or axle 21, thus positioning the container for lowermost dumping as in FIG. 2, close toground surface G. Associated with the container is its carrier, generally indicated at 22, shaped essentially as a pair of bell cranks at opposite sides of the container, each bell crank having a depending arm 23 pivoted to the container at 24, and an upper extent 25 pivoted at 26 to the frame 10.
The container has a dump opening 27 normally closed by door 28 pivoted at 29 to the container to swing open from near the top of the opening.
The container operation is accomplished by selective actuation of first, second and third hydraulic cylinders, the first being a cylinder 30 pivoted at 31 to one side of the container and having its piston rod 32 pivoted at 33 to the door so that the latter is opened or closed by cylinder fluid pressure delivery or release through lines 34 and 35. The second hydraulic control means comprises'a pair of cylinders 19 positioned at opposite sides of the container and pivoted at 37 to the body or support 18. The piston rods 38 are pivoted at 39 to the sides of the container so that the latter is tiltable as in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 in conjunction with hydraulic actuation of the carrier 22, by fluid pressure delivery to and from the cylinders 19 through lines 40 and 41.
The third hydraulic control mechanisms comprise cylinders 42 positioned at opposite sides of the vehicle body and pivoted thereto at 43. The piston rods 44 are pivoted at 45 to the upper carrier arms 25 so that by pressure delivery to and release from the cylinders 42 through lines 46 and 47 the carrier 22 may be swung upwardly within the ranges of movement illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 4.
In considering the operation of the container and control system and starting with the normal container loading position shown in FIG. 11, if it is desired to dump the container close to the ground, the door 28 is opened by actuation of cylinder Sill accompanied or followed by actuation of cylinders 19 to tilt dump the container as in FIG. 2.
Assuming the container is to be dumped at an intermediate elevation, for example as depicted by the broken lines in FIG. 4, the cylinders d2 are pressurized to swing the carrier 22 to the broken line position and door 28 is opened by actuation of cylinder 36 accompanied or followed by actuation of cylinders 19 to tilt the container rearwardly to dumping condition.
Assuming the container is to be dumped at approximately its highest elevation represented by the solid lines in FIG. 4, cylinders 42 are actuated to swing the carrier 22 to its uppermost position and cylinders 30 and 19 are actuated as before to control the dump door opening and container tilt.
In FIG. 5, the hopper lift control 60 is actuated at 61 between three positions. In the neutral position shown, fluid pressure delivered at 62 by pump 63 passes through the valve via port 64 to line 65. A hopper dump control valve 66 is similarily actuated at 67 between three positions, and in neutral position as shown fluid pressure passes from line 65 through that valve via port 68 to line 69. From the latter, fluid is returned via line 70 to the reservoir 71, from which the pump 63 takes suction.
When part 611 (manual or automatic) is operated to displace the spool of valve 60 to the left, fluid pressure is supplied via port 72 and line 47 to chamber 73 of the actuator to extend rod 44; and fluid in chamber 74 of the actuator returns via line 46, port 74 to line 75, and line 70 to the reservoir. Orifice 78 in line 46 restricts fluid discharge from chamber 74, to prevent gravity induced collapse of carrier 22. Similarly, when part 63 is operated to displace the spool of valve 60 to the right, chamber 74 is pressurized via port 76, and exhaust fluid in chamber 73 returns to the reservoir via port 77. Check valve 79 bypasses orifice 78 to pass fluid to chamber '74.
Similarly, when part 67 is operated to displace the spool of valve 66 to the right, fluid pressure in line 65 is supplied via port 80 and lines 811 and 33 to chamber 82 to extend rod 32, and via lines 8i and 41 to chamber 83 of cylinder 19 to extend rod 38. Orifice restriction 100 in line 41 delays flow to chamber 83 to insure opening of the door 28 prior to lowering of container 17 by extension of rod 38. Return flow from chambers 84 and 85 is conducted to the reservoir via lines 34, 4t and 86, port 87 and lines 75 and 79. Conversely, when part 67 is operated to displace the spool of valve 66 to the right, chambers 84 and are pressurized via port 88, and exhaust fluid returns to the reservoir via port 89. Orifice restriction 101 in line 35 delays flow from chamber 82 to ensure closure of the door 28 until after elevation of container 17 by restriction of rod 38.
Note that springs 9093 tend to return the spools to neutral position for closing off the lines to the actuator chambers 73, 74, 82, 84, 83 and 85. As a result, the actuator rods may be held in selected position; further, fluid pressure is supplied to valve 66 only when the spool of valve 60 is in neutral position.
I claim:
1. In a sweeper vehicle having front and rear wheels beneath a frame supporting a driver and control station, a sweeper broom and means for directing swept debris rearwardly of the vehicle; the combination comprising a debris container at the rear of the vehicle and positioned to receive the swept debris, carrier means for said container pivotally connected to the frame for up and down swing movements, means connecting the container to the carrier means for relative dumping movements of the container, a downwardly opening dump door mounted to the container to swing outwardly from the top'of a rear dump opening, first hydraulic actuator means for opening the door, second hydraulic actuator means operable to tilt and lift the container about its said connection with the carrier means to dump the container contents through said opening, and third hydraulic actuator means operable to elevate the container above the lift range of said sec ond hydraulic actuator means.
2. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 1 in which said third actuator hydraulic means is connected to the carrier means and is operable to increase the upward swing range of the carrier means about its connection with the frame.
3. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 2 in which said third hydraulic actuator means includes hydraulic cylinders at opposite sides of the carrier and having pivotal connections with the carrier means and vehicle.
4. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 3 in which said carrier means includes terminally pivoted bell cranks at opposite sides of the container and normally extending horizontally above the rear wheel elevation and continuing downwardly to their connections with the container.
5. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 1 including remote control means operable at a control station to selectively actuate said first, second and third hydraulic actuator means.
6. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 5 in which said control means includes also means operable to insure opening of said dump door from closed position before elevation movement of the container.

Claims (6)

1. In a sweeper vehicle having front and rear wheels beneath a frame supporting a driver and control station, a sweeper broom and means for directing swept debris rearwardly of the vehicle; the combination comprising a debris container at the rear of the vehicle and positioned to receive the swept debris, carrier means for said container pivotally connected to the frame for up and down swing movements, means connecting the container to the carrier means for relative dumping movements of the container, a downwardly opening dump door mounted to the container to swing outwardly from the top of a rear dump opening, first hydraulic actuator means for opening the door, second hydraulic actuator means operable to tilt and lift the container about its said connection with the carrier means to dump the container contents through said opening, and third hydraulic actuator means operable to elevate the container above the lift range of said second hydraulic actuator means.
2. A sweeper vehicle according to clAim 1 in which said third actuator hydraulic means is connected to the carrier means and is operable to increase the upward swing range of the carrier means about its connection with the frame.
3. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 2 in which said third hydraulic actuator means includes hydraulic cylinders at opposite sides of the carrier and having pivotal connections with the carrier means and vehicle.
4. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 3 in which said carrier means includes terminally pivoted bell cranks at opposite sides of the container and normally extending horizontally above the rear wheel elevation and continuing downwardly to their connections with the container.
5. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 1 including remote control means operable at a control station to selectively actuate said first, second and third hydraulic actuator means.
6. A sweeper vehicle according to claim 5 in which said control means includes also means operable to insure opening of said dump door from closed position before elevation movement of the container.
US3761988D 1972-02-24 1972-02-24 Rear dump mechanisms for road sweepers Expired - Lifetime US3761988A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3918118A (en) * 1973-11-17 1975-11-11 Jungheinrich Unternehmensverw Sweeping machine
US3990125A (en) * 1975-12-29 1976-11-09 Jacobsen Manufacturing Company Mobile sweeper
US4178647A (en) * 1978-09-08 1979-12-18 Elgin Sweeper Company Four-wheeled sweeper
US4530416A (en) * 1983-05-23 1985-07-23 Fmc Corporation Hydrostatic propulsion system and method with inching throttle and brake
US4569096A (en) * 1982-09-30 1986-02-11 Fmc Corporation Sweeper with hydraulically driven components
FR2618106A1 (en) * 1987-07-16 1989-01-20 Calmel Daniel Tipper trailer which self-loads with material in bulk form and in particular snow
FR2652100A1 (en) * 1989-09-18 1991-03-22 Grzeszczak Wactaw Multipurpose device for cleaning surfaces and roadways, intended to equip a mobile vehicle base
GB2254870B (en) * 1991-04-16 1995-05-24 Craig Tractor Services Limited Road sweeping apparatus
WO2006121783A1 (en) 2005-05-05 2006-11-16 Tennant Company Floor sweeping and scrubbing machine
CN104787525A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-22 随州市信诚机械设备部件厂 Garbage dumping device for cleaning machine
US20170082184A1 (en) * 2014-03-04 2017-03-23 Johnston Sweepers Limited Powertrain For A Road Cleaning Vehicle

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4173052A (en) * 1977-11-17 1979-11-06 The Scott & Fetzer Company Riding sweeper
US4219901A (en) * 1978-12-29 1980-09-02 The Scott & Fetzer Company Riding sweeper
DE3120741A1 (en) * 1981-05-25 1982-12-09 Wiedenmann Gmbh Sweeping machine
JPS6073107A (en) * 1983-09-28 1985-04-25 Taiyo Tekko Kk Cushion device of fluid pressure cylinder
JPH0221609Y2 (en) * 1984-09-25 1990-06-11
JPH0535203Y2 (en) * 1985-05-14 1993-09-07
JPH02105603U (en) * 1990-01-11 1990-08-22
CN103193047A (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-07-10 芜湖爱瑞特环保科技有限公司 Automatic lifting garbage dumping device
CN103614980B (en) * 2013-12-12 2015-06-10 上海神舟汽车节能环保海安有限公司 Unloading dust suppression device of pure absorption sweeper truck

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2614279A (en) * 1948-01-02 1952-10-21 Elgin Sweeper Co Street sweeping machine
US3186015A (en) * 1961-07-06 1965-06-01 Elgin Sweeper Co Street sweeper
US3312992A (en) * 1964-06-29 1967-04-11 Elgin Sweeper Co Self-releasing hopper lock
US3461474A (en) * 1967-09-22 1969-08-19 Scott & Fetzer Co Hopper for power sweeper
US3540070A (en) * 1968-04-11 1970-11-17 G H Tennant Co Pivotable section for bottom of hopper on sweeping machine
US3672724A (en) * 1971-03-01 1972-06-27 Francis E Neuzil Sr Container implement for end loader vehicle

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3162877A (en) * 1964-04-14 1964-12-29 Elgin Sweeper Co Street sweeper dirt box assembly
DE6906616U (en) * 1969-02-20 1969-07-31 Josef Rheoder Reul Street cleaning vehicle

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2614279A (en) * 1948-01-02 1952-10-21 Elgin Sweeper Co Street sweeping machine
US3186015A (en) * 1961-07-06 1965-06-01 Elgin Sweeper Co Street sweeper
US3312992A (en) * 1964-06-29 1967-04-11 Elgin Sweeper Co Self-releasing hopper lock
US3461474A (en) * 1967-09-22 1969-08-19 Scott & Fetzer Co Hopper for power sweeper
US3540070A (en) * 1968-04-11 1970-11-17 G H Tennant Co Pivotable section for bottom of hopper on sweeping machine
US3540070B1 (en) * 1968-04-11 1987-03-31
US3672724A (en) * 1971-03-01 1972-06-27 Francis E Neuzil Sr Container implement for end loader vehicle

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3918118A (en) * 1973-11-17 1975-11-11 Jungheinrich Unternehmensverw Sweeping machine
US3990125A (en) * 1975-12-29 1976-11-09 Jacobsen Manufacturing Company Mobile sweeper
US4178647A (en) * 1978-09-08 1979-12-18 Elgin Sweeper Company Four-wheeled sweeper
US4569096A (en) * 1982-09-30 1986-02-11 Fmc Corporation Sweeper with hydraulically driven components
US4530416A (en) * 1983-05-23 1985-07-23 Fmc Corporation Hydrostatic propulsion system and method with inching throttle and brake
FR2618106A1 (en) * 1987-07-16 1989-01-20 Calmel Daniel Tipper trailer which self-loads with material in bulk form and in particular snow
FR2652100A1 (en) * 1989-09-18 1991-03-22 Grzeszczak Wactaw Multipurpose device for cleaning surfaces and roadways, intended to equip a mobile vehicle base
GB2254870B (en) * 1991-04-16 1995-05-24 Craig Tractor Services Limited Road sweeping apparatus
WO2006121783A1 (en) 2005-05-05 2006-11-16 Tennant Company Floor sweeping and scrubbing machine
US7448114B2 (en) 2005-05-05 2008-11-11 Tennant Company Floor sweeping and scrubbing machine
CN100563543C (en) * 2005-05-05 2009-12-02 坦南特公司 Floor sweeping and scrubbing machine
US7665174B2 (en) 2005-05-05 2010-02-23 Tennant Company Cleaning head for use in a floor cleaning machine
AU2006244470B2 (en) * 2005-05-05 2011-01-06 Tennant Company Floor sweeping and scrubbing machine
KR101139115B1 (en) * 2005-05-05 2012-04-30 텐난트 컴파니 Floor sweeping and scrubbing machine
US20170082184A1 (en) * 2014-03-04 2017-03-23 Johnston Sweepers Limited Powertrain For A Road Cleaning Vehicle
US9845856B2 (en) * 2014-03-04 2017-12-19 Johnston Sweepers Limited Powertrain for a road cleaning vehicle
CN104787525A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-22 随州市信诚机械设备部件厂 Garbage dumping device for cleaning machine

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DE2309813B2 (en) 1980-09-25
JPS5640210B2 (en) 1981-09-18
DE2309813C3 (en) 1982-09-30
JPS4898663A (en) 1973-12-14
DE2309813A1 (en) 1973-09-27

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