US3748795A - Survey monuments of frangible sections - Google Patents

Survey monuments of frangible sections Download PDF

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Publication number
US3748795A
US3748795A US3748795DA US3748795A US 3748795 A US3748795 A US 3748795A US 3748795D A US3748795D A US 3748795DA US 3748795 A US3748795 A US 3748795A
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standard
webs
top
monument
cap
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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P Berntsen
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BERNTSEN CAST PRODUCTS Inc
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BERNTSEN CAST PRODUCTS Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • G01C15/02Means for marking measuring points
    • G01C15/04Permanent marks; Boundary markers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S52/00Static structures, e.g. buildings
    • Y10S52/04Magnetic connecting means for building components

Abstract

A light-weight extendable survey monument. The metal-alloy monument standard is made up of a plurality of integral undulating webs connecting top and base flanges and having a carrying handle formed in one of the webs. The webs have vertically spaced transverse lines of weakness formed therein. The monument has one or more permanent magnets, at least one which is positioned below the lowermost line of weakness. A cap is received on a threaded stud extending from the top end of the standard. Extension elements are provided for placement between the cap and standard for spacing the cap in extended relation on the standard. The base has a depending centering point.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Berntsen 1 1 SURVEY MONUMENTS OF FRANGIBLE SECTIONS [75] Inventor: Peter Berntsen,Madison, Wis.

[73] Assignee: Berntsen Cast Products, Inc.,

Madison, Wis.

[22] Filed: Feb. 24, 1972 [21] Appl. N0.: 229,129

[52] US. Cl 52/98, 52/103, 52/726,

52/DlG. 4 [51] Int. Cl G0lc 15/04 [58] Field of Search 52/98, 154, 103-105,

52/726, DIG. 4, 737-739; 94/].5; 40/145; 248/156; 256/13.1

[45] July 31, 1973 Primary Examiner-Frank L. Abbott Assistant Examiner-Leslie A. Braun Attorney-Joseph G. Werner, John M. Winter et a1.

[57] ABSTRACT A light-weight extendable survey monument. The metal-alloy monument standard is made up of a plurality of integral undulating webs connecting top and base flanges and having a carrying handle formed in one of the webs. The webs have vertically spaced transverse lines of weakness formed therein. The monument has one or more permanent magnets, at least one which is positioned below the lowermost line of weakness. A cap is received on a threaded stud extending from the top end of the standard. Extension elements are provided for placement between the cap and standard for spacing the cap in extended relation on the standard. The base has a depending centering point.

2 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures SURVEY MONUMENTS OF FRANGIBLE SECTIONS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to survey monuments and more particularly to a light-weightextendable magnetic monument.

In the past survey monuments have generally been made entirely of heavy cast-iron or they comprised a brass or other type metal plate set in a pre-cast concrete column. These monuments are unnecessarily heavy and cumbersome.

In more recent years, monuments have been provided with break-way features which allow the monument to be severed rather than moved when struck with a plow, tractor or the like without substantially disorienting the lower portion of the monument. This greatly facilitates re-setting of the landmark.

In view of the need for occasionally raising a monument such as when resurfacing or rebuilding a roadway, monuments with lock-on extensions have been developed, however, they are not believed to have met with substantial acceptance because of various design shortcomings.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention comprises a unique survey monument with a combination of improved features. The monument basically is cast of a strong, yet relatively lightweight aluminum-alloy.

The elongate standard of the monument is comprised of a plurality of longitudinally extending radially disposed integral webs connecting top and base flanges. The unique web formations have undulating widths which in combination with vertically spaced transverse lines of weakness provide predetermined break-off points to insure an undisturbed base in case of impact with the upper portion.

A number of inert magnets are imbedded in the monument for instrument location. At least one of the magnets is positioned below the lowermost line of weakness to facilitate instrument location of the base if the monument is broken off. These magnets are permanent and will not loose their potency regardless of soil conditions.

The monumnet cap is threaded onto the top of the standard. A threaded extension element and an extension ring are provided for disposition between the cap and standard for maintaining the cap in raised relation on the standard.

Further objects, features and advantages of my invention will be apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings showing a preferred embodiment of the invention for exemplification.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a survey monument embodying my invention.

FIG; 2 is a fragmentary exploded isometric view of the survey monument of FIG. 1 with extension units provided. I

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now more particularly to the drawings wherein like numerals refer to like parts in both views, the survey monument is generally referred to by numeral 10 in FIGS. 1 and 2.

The monument has an elongate standard 1 1 comprising a plurality (four shown) of longitudinally extending integrally formed webs l2a-l2d connecting transverse top and base flanges 13 and 14. The four webs shown are radially disposed apart about the longitudinal axis of the standard. Each web extends the length of the standard to the end flanges and has an undulating shaped outer edge. The undulations of each web are disposed in alternating phase relation with the undulations of each of its two adjacent webs. That is, where one web such as 12a is widest, the adjacent webs 12b and 12d radially dispose at 90 to either side are narrowest in width. This feature in conjunction with vertically spaced transverse lines of weakness 15-18 formed in the webs provides predetermined break-oh or shear areas which allow the standard to be severed in case of impact to the upper portion to insure an undisturbed base.

As shown in FIG. 1, one of the webs, 12a, has an opening 19 formed therein to provide a handle portion 20 for carrying the monument.

As shown in FIG. 2, the top flange 13 has a threaded stud 21 extending upwardly therefrom. The monument has a hollow cap 22 having a threaded female portion 22a adapted to be received on the threaded stud of the standard. An extension element 23 is provided with an upper threaded male portion 23a adpated to be received in the threaded female portion 22a of the cap 22 and a threaded female portion 23b adapted to receive the threaded stud 21 for securing the monument cap in extended relation on the standard.

As further shown in FIG. 2, an extension ring 24 is also provided for positioning between the monument cap and standard for spacing the cap in extended relation on the standard. The extension ring 24 has a flange 24a formed on the upper edge thereof adapted to be received in the cap to center the extension ring with respect to the cap.

The extension element 23 and extension ring 24 may be used in conjunction with each other as shown in FIG. 2, or each can be used without the other, depending upon the height adjustment desired.

While only one height extension element 23 and one height extension ring 24 are shown, it is understood that different sizes may be provided. The only limitation as to the height of the extension ring is that it must be small enough to allow the female portion 22a.of the monument cap to be engaged on a threaded male portion for securing the cap either to an extension element such as 23 or directly to the standard.

The base flange of the standard has a depending centering point 25 fonned on the bottom thereof as shown in FIG. 1 to permit exact centering at the time of installation.

The standard, cap, and extension members are made of a light-weight metal-alloy generally identified as ASTM No. 319 aluminum-alloy. Since this alloy is substantially non-magnetic, to facilitate instrument location of the monument, a number (two shown) of inert permanent magnets 26 and 27 are imbedded or otherwise secured to the monument standard as depicted in FIG. 1. At least one of the magnets is disposed below the lowermost line of weakness 18 to facilitate instrument location if the top of the monument is broken off anywhere above the lowermost line of weakness. In addition, a magnet (not shown) is provided in the monument cap. It is understood that the invention is not confined to the particular construction and arrangement of parts herein illustrated and described, but embraces all such modified forms thereof as come within the scope of the following claims.

I claim: 1. A light-weight aluminum-alloy survey monument comprising:

a. an elongate standard having,

1. top and base flanges disposed substantially transverse to the longitudinal axis of the standard, 2. a plurality of longitudinally extending radially disposed integral webs connecting said top and base flanges, each of said webs being continuous between said top and base flanges and having an undulating shaped outer edge, the undulations of each web being in alternating phase relation with the undulations of each next adjacent web, and

3. a plurality of vertically spaced lines of weakness formed in said webs,

b. a cap attached at the top of said standard, and

c. at least one permanent magnet affixed to said standard.

2. The light-weight aluminum-alloy survey monument as specified in claim 1 having an opening formed in one of said webs near the mid-portion of said standard providing a handle portion on said standard intermediate its ends.

Claims (4)

1. A light-weight aluminum-alloy survey monument comprising: a. an elongate standard having, 1. top and base flanges disposed substantially transverse to the longitudinal axis of the standard, 2. a plurality of longitudinally extending radially disposed integral webs connecting said top and base flanges, each of said webs being continuous between said top and base flanges and having an undulating shaped outer edge, the undulations of each web being in alternating phase relation with the undulations of each next adjacent web, and 3. a plurality of vertically spaced lines of weakness formed in said webs, b. a cap attached at the top of said standard, and c. at least one permanent magnet affixed to said standard.
2. a plurality of longitudinally extending radially disposed integral webs connecting said top and base flanges, each of said webs being continuous between said top and base flanges and having an undulating shaped outer edge, the undulations of each web being in alternating phase relation with the undulations of each next adjacent web, and
2. The light-weight aluminum-alloy survey monument as specified in claim 1 having an opening formed in one of said webs near the mid-portion of said standard providing a handle portion on said standard intermediate its ends.
3. a plurality of vertically spaced lines of weakness formed in said webs, b. a cap attached at the top of said standard, and c. at least one permanent magnet affixed to said standard.
US3748795A 1972-02-24 1972-02-24 Survey monuments of frangible sections Expired - Lifetime US3748795A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3899856A (en) * 1974-06-03 1975-08-19 John David Johnson Property boundary marker
US4625473A (en) * 1985-02-22 1986-12-02 Berntsen, Inc. Anti-twist rod section and method of using the same in survey monument placement
US20030222188A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Smelser James M. Bearing brace apparatus
US6698447B1 (en) 1999-11-19 2004-03-02 Darrell G. B. Cline Hydrant monument
US20070296208A1 (en) * 2006-06-22 2007-12-27 9031-1671 Quebec Inc. Hollow pipe connector
US20080083173A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2008-04-10 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US191919A (en) * 1877-06-12 Improvement in corner-stakes
US271453A (en) * 1883-01-30 Monument
US401782A (en) * 1889-04-23 howlett
US519445A (en) * 1894-05-08 Base for fence-posts
US1902875A (en) * 1931-03-11 1933-03-28 Ralph R Mason Plot marker
US2527681A (en) * 1947-05-01 1950-10-31 Charles T Wolfe Marking device
US2687788A (en) * 1951-07-13 1954-08-31 Paul L Rapp Land marker
US3378967A (en) * 1964-01-21 1968-04-23 Baumeister Wolfgang Marker for underground marking of measuring points
US3507081A (en) * 1968-08-14 1970-04-21 Bruce B Gallup Surveyor's pin
US3685237A (en) * 1970-02-24 1972-08-22 John David Johnson Property boundary marker

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US191919A (en) * 1877-06-12 Improvement in corner-stakes
US271453A (en) * 1883-01-30 Monument
US401782A (en) * 1889-04-23 howlett
US519445A (en) * 1894-05-08 Base for fence-posts
US1902875A (en) * 1931-03-11 1933-03-28 Ralph R Mason Plot marker
US2527681A (en) * 1947-05-01 1950-10-31 Charles T Wolfe Marking device
US2687788A (en) * 1951-07-13 1954-08-31 Paul L Rapp Land marker
US3378967A (en) * 1964-01-21 1968-04-23 Baumeister Wolfgang Marker for underground marking of measuring points
US3507081A (en) * 1968-08-14 1970-04-21 Bruce B Gallup Surveyor's pin
US3685237A (en) * 1970-02-24 1972-08-22 John David Johnson Property boundary marker

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3899856A (en) * 1974-06-03 1975-08-19 John David Johnson Property boundary marker
US4625473A (en) * 1985-02-22 1986-12-02 Berntsen, Inc. Anti-twist rod section and method of using the same in survey monument placement
US6698447B1 (en) 1999-11-19 2004-03-02 Darrell G. B. Cline Hydrant monument
US6874238B2 (en) 1999-11-19 2005-04-05 Darrell G. B. Cline Hydrant monument
US20030222188A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Smelser James M. Bearing brace apparatus
US7305799B2 (en) * 2002-05-29 2007-12-11 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US20080083173A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2008-04-10 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US20090211180A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2009-08-27 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US7762026B2 (en) 2002-05-29 2010-07-27 Sme Steel Contractors, Inc. Bearing brace apparatus
US20070296208A1 (en) * 2006-06-22 2007-12-27 9031-1671 Quebec Inc. Hollow pipe connector
US7708317B2 (en) * 2006-06-22 2010-05-04 Alain Desmeules Hollow pipe connector

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