US2527681A - Marking device - Google Patents

Marking device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2527681A
US2527681A US745194A US74519447A US2527681A US 2527681 A US2527681 A US 2527681A US 745194 A US745194 A US 745194A US 74519447 A US74519447 A US 74519447A US 2527681 A US2527681 A US 2527681A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
marker
magnet
tubular
interior
concealed
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US745194A
Inventor
Jr Frank B Lewis
Ernest R Schmeling
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CHARLES T WOLFE
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CHARLES T WOLFE
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Application filed by CHARLES T WOLFE filed Critical CHARLES T WOLFE
Priority to US745194A priority Critical patent/US2527681A/en
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Publication of US2527681A publication Critical patent/US2527681A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS
    • G01V15/00Tags attached to, or associated with, an object, in order to enable detection of the object
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S206/00Special receptacle or package
    • Y10S206/818Magnet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S52/00Static structures, e.g. buildings
    • Y10S52/04Magnetic connecting means for building components

Description

Oct- 31, 1950 F. B. LEWIS, JR, EI'AL 2,527,681

MARKING DEVICE Filed May 1, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 M flank .5. LE W15 J".

E1755! JP. Semis/2175 Oct. 31, 1950 F. a. LEWIS, JR.. EI'AL 2,527,581

MARKING nsvzcs Filed May 1, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Jinan/f E2 LEWIS JJ'". .E'PHFSI R Sb/922721 175 i atenteci Oct. 31 195 6 -UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,527,681 MARKING DEVICE Frank B.' Lewis,- Jr., Vandalia, and Ernest it, Schmeling, Union, Mich., assignors, by direct and mesne assignments, of one-half to Charles T. Wolfe, White Pigeon, Mich.

Application May 1, 1947, Serial No. 745,194

6 Claims. 2

This invention relates to markers and has as its main object to provide a marker which is adapted to be concealed from view but which is provided with means to enable the same to be readily located despite its concealed condition.

One specific use of the marker of this invention is in the marking of the exact location of a burial site, and for such use the marker is adapted to be driven into the ground a distance beneath the surface so as to be entirely concealed. A small permanent magnet enclosed within the marker is provided to readily enable one searching in the general vicinity of the marker to ascertain its exact position by means of a pocket compass or other magnetically responsive instrument, the needle of which is influenced by the magnet within the marker as the location of the same is approached.

Another object of this invention resides in the provision of a marking device of the character described which is in the form of an elongated hollow tube closed at its opposite ends but having one end thereof readily detachable so as to enable access to be had to any article or document which may be placed in the receptacle formed by the hollow interio of the marker.

Still'another object of this invention resides in the provision of a marker of the character described having novel means for securing the permanent magnet in place therein in a predetermined position relative to the body of the marker.

With the above and other objects in view, which will appear as the description proceeds, this invention resides in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts substantially as hereinafter described and more particularly defined by the appended claims, it being understood that such changes in the precise embodiment of the hereindisclosed invention may be made as come within the scope of the claims.

Lhe accompanying drawings illustrate several complete examples of the physical embodiments of a slightly modified form of the marker having portions thereof broken away and shown in section to illustrate the manner in which the magnet is secured inside the body of the marker;

Figure 4 is a cross sectional view through the marker of Figure 3 taken along the plane of the line 4-4 thereof; and

Figure 5 is an elevational View showing a further modified form of marker and having portions thereof broken away and shown in section to illustrate details of construction.

Referring more particularly to the accompanying drawings in which like numerals indicate like parts, the numeral l0 generally designates the marker of this invention. In its preferred form the marker comprises an elongated tubular body ll, permanently closed at its end l2 which is adapted to be disposed uppermost in the operative condition of the marker by an end closure cap l3 integral with the tubular body. It will be readily appreciated, however, that the cap I3 can be made in the nature of a plug pressed or threaded into the upper end of the tubular body of the marker. v

The opposite end of the body, which is adapted to be disposed lowermost in use, is provided with screw threads on its interior as shown in Figure 2 to receive the reduced threaded shank M of a pointed detachable closure [5. An annular shoulder IS on the point fiatwise abuts the lower end of the tube II to establish a moisture-proof seal therebetween precluding moisture from entering the interior of the body. In order to improve the seal for the lower end of the body, a copper gasket (not shown) may be interposed between the shoulder l6 and the lower end of the tube if desired.

Both the tubular body II and the point l5 are made of any non-magnetic corrosion resistant material having a strength sufficient to enable the marker to be driven into the ground, point foremost, to a distance well beneath ground level, as seen in Figure 1, so that the entire marker is concealed from view. The use of brass for the body as well as the point I5 has been found highly satisfactory.

In order to enable the marker to be readily located despite the concealed condition thereof, a small but powerful permanent magnet 20 of a type now available is mounted within the hollow interior of the tubular body II at the extreme upper end thereof, as seen in Figure 2. This magnet may have a more or less cylindrical shape and a diameter to enable the same to be slid easily into the tube from the lower end thereof before securing the point to the body. The magnet 20 is held in the upper end of the marker and against axial or rotational movement relative to the marker body as by means of a plug 2| pressed into the interior of the tube against the underside of the magnet to confine the same between the plug 2| and the upper closed end of the body. The plug 2| is preferably also formed of a non-magnetic material such as brass.

The exterior of the tube near the top thereof is preferably provided with a suitable pole designation, such as the letter S seen in Figures 1 and 3, and the circumferential placement of the pole designation on the cylindrical exterior of the body H, of course, is determined by the position of the corresponding pole of the permanent magnet inside the body. The proper location for the pole designation S may be readily determined by holding an ordinary pocket compass over the top or magnet end of the marker.

In use the marker is driven into the ground in an upright condition, point lowermost, and with the pole designation on the exterior of the body facing in the direction corresponding to the designation. In the present case, since the marker is shown provided with the designation S, the marker is positioned with the designation facing south. This, of course, disposes the magnet With its north pole facing north, so that .the needle of a pocket compass or other magnetically responsive instrument will reverse its position when carried by one seeking the location of the marker directly over the marker thereby indicating the exact location of the marker therebeneath despite its concealed condition.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in Figures 3 and 4, the magnet 20' has a slightly elongated shape, with opposite fiat sides 23 parallel to one another and spaced from the cylindrical inner wall of the tubular body i In this embodiment of the inventionthe magnet 29' is retained within the upper end of the body H by means of a brass pin or the like24 driven into a suitable aperture in the side wall of the body to have its inner extremity abut fiatwise against one of the fiat sides 23 of the magnet.

Inasmuch as the opposite pole ends of the magnet 20 have cylindrically shaped surfaces to fit the interior of the body it will be apparent that the pin 24 holds the magnet against rotational movement relative to the tubular body, on the axis thereof.

Axial movement of the marker is precluded by engagement of the inner extremity of the pin 24 under a shoulder 26 extending along the side of the magnet adjacent to the upper closed end of the body. It will be noted that the opposite sides of the magnet 20' have such shoulders 26 thereon so that the magnet may be installed Within the interior of the body H with either side facing the aperture through which the pin 24 is driven. Hence, in production, if the polarity of the magnets 29' is known, the pins 24 enable proper disposition of the magnets in the interiors of bodies that have been previously stamped with the desired pole designation.

Still another manner of mounting the magnet within the interior of the marker at the upper end thereof is illustrated in Figure 5. vAs here shown the point l has its reduced shank l4 unthrcaded and press fit into the lower end of the tubular body to effect a permanent closure sealing the lower end of the marker. The upper end of the body of the marker is open and provided with a counterbore 28 to receive the permanent magnet therein. The magnet 20" seats on the bottom of the counterbore which defines a shoulder at its junction with the smaller diameter interior of the body H, and a cap or plug 29 threaded into the upper open end of the body is provided to effectively close and seal the interior of the marker.

If desired, a suitable lock compression device may be interposed between the inner end of the cap 29 and the top side of the permanent magnet to restrain the magnet against rotational movement on the axis of the tubular body H.

In all of the embodiments of the invention illustrated the tubular body H has a length such as to provide a receptacle 32 of substantial proportions within the marker, between the magnet and the point. This receptacle is adapted to accommodate any desired article, document, or photograph which those placing the marker may wish .to enclose within it.

The provision of the receptacle 32 renders the marker particularly well suited for the marking washer or other of burial sites and the like, Where various personal articles of the interred may be enclosed within the marker, if desired.

From the foregoing description it will be readily apparent that this invention provides a marking device which is admirably suited for the marking ,of burial sites and the like, and the location of which may be readily and accurately ascertained despite the concealed condition of the marker.

We claim:

1. A marker of the type adapted to be concealed from view, comprising: an elongated sleeve of non-magnetic material having a counterbore at one end; means closing the other end of the sleeve and projecting axially therefrom to define a point enablingthe marker to .be driven into the ground; a permanent magnet disposed in said counterbore; and means readily detachably secured to the counterbored end of the sleeve for closing the sleeve and for retaining the magnet in place in said counterbore.

2. The marker set forth in claim 1 further characterized by the provision of expansible means confined between said cap means and the magnet for firmly clamping the magnet against said shoulder thereby locking the magnet against motion within the body of the marker.

Ll. A marker of the type adapted to be concealed from view, comprising: an elongated tubular body of non-magnetic material permanently closed at one end; a readily detachable point closing the opposite end of the body and enabling access to be had to the hollow interior thereof, said point facilitating driving the body axially into the ground to a depth beneath ground level for concealment of the marker; a permanent magnet inside the hollow interior of the body adjacent to its permanently closed end which is disposed uppermost in the concealed position of the marker; and a plug pressed into the hollow interior of the body beneath the magnet for holding the magnet in lace at said permanently closed end of the body.

4. A marker of the type adapted to be concealed from view comprising: an elongated hollow body adapted to be driven axially into the ground; a permanent magnet inside said hollow body at one end thereof; and means for retaining said magnet in place in said end of the body and against rotational and axial motion relative to the body, said means including a shoulder inside the hollow body adjacent to, but spaced in- Wardly from and facing said end thereof, and means closing said end of the body and retaining said permanent magnet in place against said shoulder.

5. A marker of the type adapted to be concealed underground comprising: an elongated, substantially tubular body of non-magnetic material; closure means for each end of the body, one of said closure means being readily detachable to enable access to be had to the interior of the body; a permanent magnet disposed inside the hollow interior of the body at one end thereof; cooperating means on the magnet and the body for retaining said magnet in position inside the hollow interior of the body against axial and rotational movement relative to the body; and a point on one of said closure means to enable the body to be driven endwise into the ground.

6. The marker set forth in claim 5 wherein said cooperating means on the magnet and the body of the marker for retaining the magnet in place within the hollow interior of the body comprises a pin of non-magnetic material projecting substantially radially inwardly from a side REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 579,213 Young Mar. 23, 1897 1,328,187 Oakley Jan. 13, 1920 1,971,189 Leibing Aug. 21, 1934 1,975,976 Robinson Oct. 9, 1934 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 303,076 Great Britain Dec. 27, 1928

US745194A 1947-05-01 1947-05-01 Marking device Expired - Lifetime US2527681A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2854840A (en) * 1956-09-28 1958-10-07 Aaron W Anderson Magnetic marker wire
US2931383A (en) * 1957-02-13 1960-04-05 Handley Brown Heater Company Curb box having locating magnet therein
US2982318A (en) * 1958-07-14 1961-05-02 Thomas J Ferreri Magnetic holding device for gasoline tank closure caps and the like
DE1220145B (en) * 1962-04-02 1966-06-30 Hildegard Attenberger Geb Mark limit mark
US3507081A (en) * 1968-08-14 1970-04-21 Bruce B Gallup Surveyor's pin
US3511210A (en) * 1969-06-23 1970-05-12 Robert W Layman Depth indicating stake
US3688454A (en) * 1971-03-31 1972-09-05 Serge Wolfcarius Landmark
US3748795A (en) * 1972-02-24 1973-07-31 Berntsen Cast Products Inc Survey monuments of frangible sections
US3824748A (en) * 1973-02-14 1974-07-23 J Pichowicz Perma land bound stake device
US3916821A (en) * 1972-06-19 1975-11-04 Othmar W Pies Magnetic marker assembly
EP0011536A2 (en) * 1978-11-09 1980-05-28 SEMPLANOR Société anonyme dite: Warning device, process for its manufacture and detecting apparatus therefor
WO1983003134A1 (en) * 1982-03-08 1983-09-15 Willy Palle Pedersen A terrestrial localization plant and auxiliaries for the use thereof
EP0101757A1 (en) * 1982-09-01 1984-03-07 Ursula c/o Frau Mathilde Woeger Frings Marking device for a terrain point surveyed in the ground
US4441288A (en) * 1981-10-26 1984-04-10 Allied Surveyor Supplies Mfg. Company Break-away sectionalized driven rod
US5014482A (en) * 1989-06-05 1991-05-14 Alexander Michael E Insulation retaining apparatus
US20090038170A1 (en) * 2007-08-07 2009-02-12 Tung Feng Shyr Furniture And Picture Mounting Aid
US20100139206A1 (en) * 2008-12-08 2010-06-10 Minarovic Joe T Below floor marker
US20110146563A1 (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-06-23 Richard Crawford Magnetic excavation safety marker

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US579213A (en) * 1896-01-31 1897-03-23 Herbert
US1328187A (en) * 1918-07-06 1920-01-13 Henry D Oakley Device for indicating magnetic polarity
GB303076A (en) * 1927-08-25 1928-12-27 Frederick Richard Simms Improved means for cleansing or filtering lubricating oils
US1971189A (en) * 1933-02-01 1934-08-21 Gen Electric Magnetic detector
US1975976A (en) * 1933-03-11 1934-10-09 Nat Electric Prod Corp Underfloor duct outlet

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US579213A (en) * 1896-01-31 1897-03-23 Herbert
US1328187A (en) * 1918-07-06 1920-01-13 Henry D Oakley Device for indicating magnetic polarity
GB303076A (en) * 1927-08-25 1928-12-27 Frederick Richard Simms Improved means for cleansing or filtering lubricating oils
US1971189A (en) * 1933-02-01 1934-08-21 Gen Electric Magnetic detector
US1975976A (en) * 1933-03-11 1934-10-09 Nat Electric Prod Corp Underfloor duct outlet

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2854840A (en) * 1956-09-28 1958-10-07 Aaron W Anderson Magnetic marker wire
US2931383A (en) * 1957-02-13 1960-04-05 Handley Brown Heater Company Curb box having locating magnet therein
US2982318A (en) * 1958-07-14 1961-05-02 Thomas J Ferreri Magnetic holding device for gasoline tank closure caps and the like
DE1220145B (en) * 1962-04-02 1966-06-30 Hildegard Attenberger Geb Mark limit mark
US3507081A (en) * 1968-08-14 1970-04-21 Bruce B Gallup Surveyor's pin
US3511210A (en) * 1969-06-23 1970-05-12 Robert W Layman Depth indicating stake
US3688454A (en) * 1971-03-31 1972-09-05 Serge Wolfcarius Landmark
US3748795A (en) * 1972-02-24 1973-07-31 Berntsen Cast Products Inc Survey monuments of frangible sections
US3916821A (en) * 1972-06-19 1975-11-04 Othmar W Pies Magnetic marker assembly
US3824748A (en) * 1973-02-14 1974-07-23 J Pichowicz Perma land bound stake device
EP0011536A3 (en) * 1978-11-09 1980-10-15 SEMPLANOR Société anonyme dite: Warning device, process for its manufacture and detecting apparatus therefor
FR2441183A1 (en) * 1978-11-09 1980-06-06 Semplanor Signaling grid of underground devices
EP0011536A2 (en) * 1978-11-09 1980-05-28 SEMPLANOR Société anonyme dite: Warning device, process for its manufacture and detecting apparatus therefor
US4441288A (en) * 1981-10-26 1984-04-10 Allied Surveyor Supplies Mfg. Company Break-away sectionalized driven rod
WO1983003134A1 (en) * 1982-03-08 1983-09-15 Willy Palle Pedersen A terrestrial localization plant and auxiliaries for the use thereof
JPS59500684A (en) * 1982-03-08 1984-04-19
EP0101757A1 (en) * 1982-09-01 1984-03-07 Ursula c/o Frau Mathilde Woeger Frings Marking device for a terrain point surveyed in the ground
US5014482A (en) * 1989-06-05 1991-05-14 Alexander Michael E Insulation retaining apparatus
US20090038170A1 (en) * 2007-08-07 2009-02-12 Tung Feng Shyr Furniture And Picture Mounting Aid
US20100139206A1 (en) * 2008-12-08 2010-06-10 Minarovic Joe T Below floor marker
US20110146563A1 (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-06-23 Richard Crawford Magnetic excavation safety marker

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