US3609933A - Spaced panel wall construction - Google Patents

Spaced panel wall construction Download PDF

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US3609933A
US3609933A US3609933DA US3609933A US 3609933 A US3609933 A US 3609933A US 3609933D A US3609933D A US 3609933DA US 3609933 A US3609933 A US 3609933A
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stud
portion
groove
flange
batten
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Martin D Jahn
Reinhardt H Jahn
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Chicago Metallic Corp
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Chicago Metallic Corp
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/58Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal
    • E04B2/60Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal characterised by special cross-section of the elongated members

Abstract

AN ASSEMBLY FOR MOUNTING SPACED PARALLEL WALL PANELS BY STUDS THAT SPACE THE PANELS FROM ONE ANOTHER AND BY BATTENS THAT RELEASABLY CLAMP THE SECTIONS OF THE PANELS TO THE STUDS. EACH STUD IS FORMED OF A SINGLE PIECE OF SHEET METAL FOLDED SO AS TO HAVE A CENTRAL WEB AND END FLANGES AND LIES ENTIRELY BETWEEN THE PANELS WITHOUT PROJECTING BETWEEN THE SECTIONS OF EITHER PANEL. EACH BATTEN IS ALSO FORMED OF FOLDED SHEET METAL, OVERLIES ADJACENT PANEL SECTIONS AT THE OUTSIDE, PROJECTS BETWEEN THE AD-

JACENT PANELS, AND IS RELEASABLY ENGAGED BY A STUD AT A RECESS THEREIN FORMED IN A FLANGE OF THE STUD.

Description

Oct. 5., 1971 Di JAHN EI'AL 3,609,933

SPACED PANEL WALL CONSTRUCTION Filed NOV. 22, 1968 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Oct. 5, D. J ETAL SPACED PANEL WALL CONSTRUCTION Filed NOV. 22, 1968 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVli/Vf/ORS mfg 2122a J'a/zzz ZQgz'zz/zardfiJa/zzz BY M 1%, y% A'r'mluvzsys United States Patent 01 fice Patented Oct. 5, 1971 US. Cl. 52461 18 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An assembly for mounting spaced parallel wall panels by studs that space the panels from one another and by battens that releasably clamp the sections of the panels to the studs. Each stud is formed of a single piece of sheet metal folded so as to have a central web and end flanges and lies entirely between the panels without projecting between the sections of either panel. Each batten is also formed of folded sheet metal, overlies adjacent panel sections at the outside, projects between the adjacent panels, and is releasably engaged by a stud at a recess therein formed in a flange of the stud.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to the mounting of spaced parallel wall panels. More specifically, the invention relates to wall studs and battens for such wall panels.

Walls composed of spaced parallel panels secured to one another have been widely used in making new offices or other rooms in a building or converting or modifying existing rooms to change their number or size, and to lower their ceilings or provide them in the first place. In one type of spaced-panel wall construction it has been customary to form each panel in sections, to use studs to space the panels from one another, and to apply battens to the studs to tie the various sections of a panel together. With this type of construction, installation of the wall is facilitated, but some difficulty has been encountered in the studs and battens themselves, because they tend to transmit sound from one side of the wall to the other. Moreover, the construction of the studs and battens has been complicated, and their cost and time for manufacturing high, because the battens must be readily attachable to and detachable from the studs.

An object of the present invention is to provide an improved construction using studs and battens for holding sections of spaced panels of a wall together. With the present improved construction, the aforementioned drawbacks are eliminated or significantly decreased. Good sound attenuation is achieved, and cost of manufacture is greatly decreased.

Another object is to provide an improved wall stud that has good sound attenuation.

A further object is to provide a stud of simple lightweight construction which is easy and inexpensive to manufacture and yet is easily connectable to and disconnectable from a batten.

A still further object is to provide an improved batten for use with the aforementioned stud.

Other and further important objects of this invention will become apparent from the attached drawings and the detailed description following the brief description of the drawings.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A stud for holding apart spaced panels of a wall is formed of a single piece of folded sheet metal and has a central web, flanges thereon, and grooves formed in the flanges so as to be directed inwardly thereof. Battens also formed of folded sheet metal are releasably engaged in the grooves in the stud for holding together the sections of the wall panels.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view showing a first species of assembly of stud and batten applied to spaced wall panels;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the stud of the species of FIG. !1;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of the batten of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view showing a second species of assembly of stud and batten as applied to one panel of a wall;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the stud of the second species;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of the batten of the second species;

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of a modified form of a batten for the second species;

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary perspective view showing a modified form of stud for the second species;

FIG. 9 is a fragmentary perspective view showing a third species of assembly of stud and batten applied to panels of a wall;

FIG. 10 is a fragmentary perspective view of the stud of the third species; and

FIG. 11 is a fragmentary perspective view of 'the batten of the third species.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As shown in FIG. 1, a wall is formed of spaced panels 30 and 31 each composed of sections 32. The panels 31 and 32 are held in spaced parallel relationship by means of a series of battens 33, one of which is shown by itself in FIG. 1. Adjacent sections 32 of each of the walls 30 and 31 are held together by means of the stud 33 and a batten 34. There are two battens 34 associated with each stud 33, one for clamping the sections 32 of panel 30, and the other for clamping the sections 32 of panel 31.

As shown in FIG. 2, the stud 33 is formed of a single piece of sheet metal and has a central web 35 and two flanges 36 attached to the sides thereof. Each flange 36 is formed of a wide portion 37 and a narrow portion 38 folded back with respect to the wide portion so as partially to overlap the same in spaced generally parallel relation. The web 35 extends from the narrow portion 38 of each flange 36 in a direction away from the wide portion 37. Each flange 36 has a deep groove 39 which is located at an intermediate region of the wide portion 37 and is parallel to and generally aligned with the web 35. Each groove 39 is formed of a fold in the wide portion 37 of one flange 36, which fold is directed toward the opposite flange 36 and is slightly spaced from the juncture of the web 35 with the narrow portion 38 of the said one flange 36. Each groove 39 has flat sides and a curved bottom and increases in width from its mouth to its bottom.

The stud 33 has two series of spaced perforations or slots 40, the perforations of one series being located at the curved region joining the narrow portion 38 of one flange 36 with the wide portion 37 thereof, the perforations of the other series being located at the curved region joining the narrow portion 38 of the other flange 36 with the Wide portion 37 thereof. The perforations 40 of each series are spaced from one another along the associated juncture of web 35 and narrow portion 38.

The perforations 40 attenuate the sound transmitted between the outer sides of the Walls 30 and 31 through the stud 33 and the battens 34. The wide portion 37 of one flange 36 is wider than the wide portion 37 of the other flange 36.

As shown in FIG. 3, the batten 34 is of T-shape in cross-section and has an enlarged portion 41 located at the end of the leg of the T remote from the head. The batten 34 is formed of a single piece of sheet metal folded so as to present two layers engaging one another in the head of the T and in the leg of the T except at the enlarged portion 41, where the layers have diverging flat regions 42 and converging curved regions 43. The flat regions 42 extend from regions of the layers in contact with one another in the leg of the T, and the curved regions 43 extend from the flat regions 42 and have spaced ends generally facing one another. These spaced ends are the side edges of the piece of sheet metal from which the batten 34 is formed.

As shown in FIG. 1, the enlarged portion 41 of each batten 34 is inserted in one of the grooves 39 located in the flanges 36 of the stud 33. Before insertion, the enlarged portion 41 of the batten 34 is a little larger than the groove 39 of the stud 33. Because of this, and because the enlarged portion 41 of the batten 34 diverges at the regions 42 and the groove 39 in the stud 33 increases in Width from its mouth to its bottom, both batten 34 and the stud 33 are sprung somewhat upon being connected to' or disconnected from one another. Such springing can easily occur, because both the groove 39 in the stud 33 and the enlarged portion 41 of the batten 34 are relatively deep. Because the groove 34 and the enlarged portion 41 are relatively deep and have flat sides, the batten 34 will stand up when inserted in the stud 33 even when no wall sections 32 are present.

The perforations 40 in the stud 33 attenuate the sound transmitted thereto. The spacing between the web 35 and the base of the fold in which each groove 39 is formed prevents the direct transmission of sound between the fold and the web 35. Yet the web 35 is close enough to the fold as to provide a firm backing thereto when a batten 34 is being inserted in the groove 39.

As shown in FIG. 4, the second species of assembly comprises a stud 46 and battens 47, only one of which is shown. As shown in FIG. 5, the stud 46 is formed of a single piece of sheet metal, is of I-shape in cross section, and comprises a web 48 and two flanges 49, each formed of a wide portion 50 and a narrow portion 51 folded back thereagainst and integrally joined with the Web 48. Each flange 44 has a deep groove 52 which is located at a region of the wide portion 50 not overlapped by the narrow portion 51, is parallel to and spaced from the web 48, and is formed as a fold in the wide portion 50 of one flange directed toward the other flange. The groove 52 has a portion 53 of uniform width beyond a curved portion 54 adjoining the mouth of the groove. The width of the uniform portion 53 is less than that of the mouth of the groove 52. The arcuate portion 54 of the groove 52 is Wider at its widest region than the mouth of the groove.

As shown in FIG. 6, the batten 47 is formed of two pieces of sheet metal 55 and 56'. The piece 55 is folded so as to have a single layer in the head of the T and two layers in the leg of the T slightly spaced from one another in the region of the leg between the head and an enlarged curved portion 57 and spaced from one another a little more at a portion 58 located between the enlarged portion 57 and the end of the T where the layers are integrally joined with one another. The piece 56 has a single layer extending across the top of the single layer of the piece 55 in the head of the T and edges folded beneath the edges of the piece 55.

When as shown in FIG. 4, the batten 47 is connected 4 with the stud 46 to clamp adjacent panel section 32 together, the enlarged curved portion 57 of the batten 47 lies in the enlarged curved portion 54 of the groove 52 of the stud 46, and the portion 58 of the batten 47 lies in the portion 53 of uniform width of the groove 52 of the stud 46. Since the groove 52 is deep, it can easily spring to admit and release the batten 47. Because the groove 52 is deep and the batten 47 nonrotatively engages the groove 52 from top to bottom, the batten 47 is held upright and kept from tilting in the stud 46 even when no panel sections 32 are present.

As shown in FIG. 7, a modified form of batten 59 is provided for use with the species of assembly of FIG. 4, and is formed of a single piece of sheet metal folded so as to present in the head of the T two layers in contact with one another, and in the leg of the T, two layers that are slightly spaced from one another in the portions between the head of the T and in an enlarged curved portion 60 at which the two layers curve away from one another and back toward one another. Beyond the curved portion 60, is a region 61 at which the layers in the leg of the T of the batten 59 are spaced a greater amount than the layers are between the enlarged curved portion 60 and the head of the T. The edges of the piece from which the batten 59 is formed are located at the region 61 at the end of the leg of the T and face away from the head of the T.

As shown in FIG. 8, a modified form of stud 62 is provided for use with the species of assembly of FIG. 4. The stud 62 differs from the stud 46 of FIG. 5 in that a narrow portion 63 of each of the flanges 49 of the stud 62 is spaced from an associated wide portion 64 thereof, with respect to which it is folded back in generally parallel relation, and in that two series of soundattenuating perforations or openings 64a spaced along the stud 62 are provided at the junctures of the narrow flange portions 63 with the wide flange portions 64. Like the stud 46, the stud 62 is formed of a single piece of sheet metal and has in each flange 49 a deep groove 52 which is located in the wide flange portion 64 at a region not overlapped by the narrow flange portion 63 in parallel spaced relation to the web 48 and has a portion 53 o uniform width beyond a curved portion 54 adjoining the mouth of the groove.

As shown in FIG. 9, the third species of assembly comprises a stud 65 and two battens 66. As shown in FIG. 10, the stud 58 is formed of a single piece of sheet metal, is of I-shape in cross-section, and comprises a web 67 and two flanges 68 each formed of a wide portion 69 and a narrow portion 70 folded thereagainst and integrally joined with the web 67. The wide portion 69 of each flange 68 has a deep groove 71 which has the exterior of one side against the Web 67 and increases in width progressively from the mouth of the groove to a curved bottom 72.

As shown in FIG. 11, each batten 66 is formed of a single piece of sheet metal folded so as to present two layers engaging one another in the head of theT and a single layer in the leg of the T, the piece of sheet metal when considered from one edge to the other edge, extending from the leg of the T along the bottom of the head of the T to one end thereof, thence back along the top of the head to the other end thereof, thence in the original direction along the bottom of the head of the T to the leg to the end remote from the head of the T, and thence in a curved closed loop to form an enlarged curved portion 74 to one side of the end of the leg of T remote from the head.

When as shown in FIG. 9, the stud 65 and battens 66 are assembled, the enlarged curved portion 74 of each batten 66 engages the curved bottom 72 of the deep groove 71 of the stud 65. The leg of the batten 66 is held against the side of the groove 71 that lies against the web 67 of the stud 65, because portion 74 of the batten 66 fits the bottom 72 of the groove 71 and the mouth of the groove 71 is narrow enough to engage the side of the leg of the batten 66. Thus the batten 66 is kept from tilting in the stud 65 when no panel sections 32 are present. Because the groove 71 is deep, it can easily spring open to enable the mouth of the groove 71 to pass the enlarged portion 74 for insertion or withdrawal of the batten 66.

It will be understood that the illustrated embodiments of the invention have been used for illustrative purposes only and that the various modifications and variations of the present invention may be effected without a departure in the spirit and scope of the novel concept thereof.

We claim:

1. An assembly for mounting spaced parallel wall panels comprising: a stud formed of a single piece of sheet material, said stud being of generally I-shaped cross section with a central web connecting spaced generally parallel flanges, each of said flanges comprising an outer wide portion having first and second edge areas, and a narrow inner portion having first and second edge areas, said narrow inner portion being integral with said web along said first edge area thereof and said narrow inner portion being integrally connected with said wide outer portion along its second edge area through a rebent portion, said wide portion extending beyond said first edge of said narrow portion, said wide portion having a deep groove therein formed as a fold in the material of the wide portion of the flange, said deep groove extending in the direction of the narrow flange and being disposed generally parallel to said web, and each of said grooves receiving therein a batten, each batten being formed of folded sheet metal in the shape of a T-cross section, the leg of the T having an enlarged groove engaging portion spaced from and parallel to the cross member of the T, said groove engaging portions being resilient and received in said groove in releasable friction engagement whereby the heads of the Ts of the battens and the outer flange of the stud are in closely spaced relation to wall panels received therebetween.

2. An assembly according to claim 1, the narrow portion of each flange of the stud being spaced from the associated wide portion, the groove in the wide portion of each flange being generally aligned with the web of the stud, the exterior of the region on the base of the fold in which the groove is formed being slightly spaced from the juncture of the web with the narrow portion of the flange.

3. An assembly according to claim 2, the stud having two series of perforations, the perforations of one series being formed at the juncture of the narrow portion of one flange with the wide portion thereof and being spaced from one another along said juncture, the perforations of the other series being formed at the juncture of the narrow portion of the other flange with the wide portion thereof and being spaced from one another along the last mentioned juncture.

4. An assembly according to claim 3, each batten being formed of a single piece of sheet metal folded so as to present two lavers engaging one another in the head of the T of the batten and in the leg of the T, except at the enlarged portion, where the layers have diverging flat regions and converging curved regions provided with spaced ends generally facing one another, the edges of the piece of sheet metal constituting said spaced ends and being located at the end of the leg of the T remote from the head.

5. An assembly according to claim 1, the groove in the wide portion of each flange of the stud being located in a region of the wide portion beyond the narrow portion and being parallel to the web, each groove in the stud having an arcuate region adjoining the mouth of the groove wider than the mouth and beyond the arcuate region a region of uniform width narrower than the mouth of the groove, each batten having the enlarged portion somewhat spaced from the end of the leg of the T remote from the head and being formed of bent sheet metal, presenting two layers engaging one another in the head of the T and two layers in the leg of the T slightly spaced from one another in the region of the leg of the T between the head and the enlarged portion, curving away from one another and back toward one another in the enlarged portion, and spaced from one another in the region of the leg between the enlarged portion and the end remote from the head of the T somewhat more than in the region between the head of the T and the enlarged curved portion.

6. An assembly according to claim 5, the narrow portion of each flange of the stud being spaced from the wide portion.

7. An assembly according to claim 6, the stud having two series of perforations, the perforations of the one series being spaced from one another along the reverse bend between the wide and narrow portions of one flange, the perforations of the other series being spaced from one another along the reverse bend between the wide and narrow portions of the other flange.

8. An assembly according to claim 5, the narrow portion of each flange of the stud lying in contact with the wide portion.

9. An assembly according to claim 1, the narrow portion of each flange of the stud lying in contact with the associated wide portion, each groove having the exterior of one side against the web and increasing in width progressively from the mouth of the groove to a curved bottom of the groove, each batten being formed of a single piece of sheet metal folded so as to present two layers engaging one another in the head of the T and a single layer in the leg of the T, the piece of sheet metal when considered from one edge to the other, extending from the leg of the T along the bottom of the head to one end thereof, thence back along the top of the head to the other end thereof, thence in the original direction along the bottom of the head to the leg of the T, thence along the leg to the end remote from the head of the T, and thence in a curved closed loop to form the enlarged curved portion to one side of the end of the leg of the T remote from the head thereof.

10. A wall panel supporting assembly constructed in accordance with claim 1 wherein the longitudinal axis of each said groove lies substantially within the plane of said web and wherein the material forming said Web and said panel supporting surfaces is so formed as to provide substantially equal width panel supporting surfaces on each side of said groove.

11. A wall stud of I-section, each flange of the I being formed of a wide portion and a narrow portion folded back with respect thereto, the web of the I being integral with the narrow portion of the flange and extending therefrom adjacent an intermediate region of the wide portion, each flange having a deep groove parallel to the web and formed as a fold in the material of the flange directed toward the other flange, the groove being wider at a region spaced from the mouth of the groove in the flange than at the mouth of the groove.

12. A stud according to claim 11, the narrow portion of each flange of the stud being spaced from the associated wide portion, the groove in the wide portion of each flange being generally aligned with the web of the stud, the exterior of the region on the base of the fold in which the groove is formed being slightly spaced from the juncture of the web with the narrow portion of the flange.

13. A stud according to claim 12, having two series of perforations, the perforations of one series being formed at the juncture of the narrow portion of one flange with the wide portion thereof and being spaced from one another along said juncture, the perforations of the other series being formed at the juncture of the narrow portion of the other flange with the wide portioon thereof and being spaced from one another along the last mentioned juncture.

14. A stud according to claim 11, the groove in the wide portion of each flange of the stud being located in a region of the wide portion beyond the narrow portion and being parallel to the web, each groove in the stud 7 having an areuate region adjoining the mouth of the groove wider than the mouth and beyond the arcuate region, a region of uniform width narrower than the mouth of the groove.

15. A stud according to claim 14, the narrow portion of each flange being spaced from the wide portion.

16. A stud according to claim 15 having two series of perforations, the perforations of one series being spaced from one another along the reverse bend between the wide and narrow portions of the one flange, the perforations of the other series being spaced from one another along the reverse bend between the wide and narrow portions of the other flange.

17. A stud according to claim 14, the narrow portion of each flange of the stud lying in contact with the wide portion.

18. A stud according to claim 11, the narrow portion of each flange of the stud lying in contact with the associated wide portion, each groove having the exterior of one side against the web and increasing in width progressively from the mouth of the groove to a curved bottom of the groove.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 762,902 6/ 1904 Haines 52-3 6'3 5 997,214 7/ 1911 Steiner 52468 2,048,981 7/1936 Vass 52--355 2,122,629 7/1938 Watson 52468 3,214,875 11/1965 Slowinski 52729 3,333,390 8/1969 Banning 52481 10 1,772,417 8/1930 Ellinwood 52461 3,016,116 l/1962 Clevenger 52489 3,483,665 12/1969 Miller 52461 FOREIGN PATENTS 72,243 1953 Netherlands. 15 244,534 1947 Switzerland.

US. Cl. X.R.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No- 3, 609,933 Dated October 5, 1971 1nvento1-(S) Martin D. Jahn and Reinhardt H. Jahn It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 4, line 65, after "leg" insert --of the T, thence along the leg".

Column 5, line 56, "lavers" should be --layers--.

Signed and sealed. this 11th day of July 1972.

(SEAL) Atte st:

EDWARD M.FLLI'C HER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attes ting Officer Conmissioner of Patents QM P n-1 (10-69) U5COMM-DC wave-Pas Q U S, GDVERNMENY PRlNTING OFFICE I959 0-366-33

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Cited By (51)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3837132A (en) * 1968-11-25 1974-09-24 Bofinger W Wall construction
US3805471A (en) * 1970-11-19 1974-04-23 Perfect Module Sys Inc Building panel construction system
USRE29965E (en) * 1973-07-25 1979-04-17 Wall construction
US4086739A (en) * 1975-04-10 1978-05-02 Hall Raymond L Wall construction having panel attachment means
US3943680A (en) * 1975-05-27 1976-03-16 United States Gypsum Company Stud having kerf-engaging flange and fire-retardant wall structure formed therewith
US4000596A (en) * 1975-08-07 1977-01-04 Hugh Magill Wall partition system and components thereof
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