US3568763A - Protective device for condenser tubes - Google Patents

Protective device for condenser tubes Download PDF

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US3568763A
US3568763A US3568763DA US3568763A US 3568763 A US3568763 A US 3568763A US 3568763D A US3568763D A US 3568763DA US 3568763 A US3568763 A US 3568763A
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tube bundles
individual tubes
baffle
steam
condenser
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Robert J Stoker
Donald A Halpin
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Ingersoll Rand Co
Citibank NA
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Ingersoll Rand Co
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Assigned to CITIBANK,N.A. ,641 LEXINGTON AVENUE,NEW YORK,NEW YORK 10043 reassignment CITIBANK,N.A. ,641 LEXINGTON AVENUE,NEW YORK,NEW YORK 10043 SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED
Assigned to PHILADELPHIA NATIONAL BANK, THE, BROAD AND CHESTNUT STREETS, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 19101 reassignment PHILADELPHIA NATIONAL BANK, THE, BROAD AND CHESTNUT STREETS, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 19101 SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED
Assigned to ECOLAIRE PRIME, INC., A DE CORP., ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED A PA CORP. reassignment ECOLAIRE PRIME, INC., A DE CORP. RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CITIBANK, N.A.
Assigned to JOY TECHNOLOGIES INC., 301 GRANT STREET, PITTSBURGH, PA. 15219 A DE. CORP. reassignment JOY TECHNOLOGIES INC., 301 GRANT STREET, PITTSBURGH, PA. 15219 A DE. CORP. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED
Assigned to CITIBANK, N.A. reassignment CITIBANK, N.A. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED
Assigned to ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED, GREAT VALLEY CENTER, 1 COUNTRY VIEW ROAD, MALVERN, PA,. 19355 A CORP. OF PA. reassignment ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED, GREAT VALLEY CENTER, 1 COUNTRY VIEW ROAD, MALVERN, PA,. 19355 A CORP. OF PA. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: JOY TECHNOLOGIES INC.
Assigned to ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED, A PA. CORP. reassignment ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED, A PA. CORP. RELEASE OF PATENTS IN SECURITY AGREEMENT DATED AUGUST 30, 1985 REEL 4458 FRAMES 203-225 SEE RECORD FOR DETAILS Assignors: PHILADELPHIA NATIONAL BANK, THE
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Assigned to ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED, A PA CORP. reassignment ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED, A PA CORP. RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CITIBANK, N.A.
Assigned to ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED A CORP. OF PA reassignment ECOLAIRE INCORPORATED A CORP. OF PA RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST PREVIOUSLY RECORDED ON REEL 4749 FRAME 0032 Assignors: CITIBANK N.A.
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28BSTEAM OR VAPOUR CONDENSERS
    • F28B9/00Auxiliary systems, arrangements, or devices
    • F28B9/02Auxiliary systems, arrangements, or devices for feeding steam or vapour to condensers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28BSTEAM OR VAPOUR CONDENSERS
    • F28B1/00Condensers in which the steam or vapour is separate from the cooling medium by walls, e.g. surface condenser
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F19/00Preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion, e.g. by using filters or scrapers
    • F28F19/002Preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion, e.g. by using filters or scrapers by using inserts or attachments
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S165/00Heat exchange
    • Y10S165/184Indirect-contact condenser
    • Y10S165/205Space for condensable vapor surrounds space for coolant
    • Y10S165/207Distinct outlets for separated condensate and gas
    • Y10S165/213Distinct outlets for separated condensate and gas including baffle partially covering a group of coolant tubes

Abstract

A protective device for the condenser tubes of a steam surface condenser. A baffle arrangement prevents direct impingement of high velocity against the tube bundles closest to the condenser inlet. Legs extend from the baffle between the individual tubes of the tube bundles to substantially dampen vibrations of the tubes.

Description

United States Patent 13,568,763

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 10/1969 Stoker...........i..............

[72] Inventors RobertJ. Stoker Phillipsburg, NJ.;

Donald A. Halpin, Easton, Pa. [21] Appl.No. 802,441

FOREIGN PATENTS [22] Filed Feb. 26, 1969 m n mm "a a t nD n a ma re" or e 66% 86 26 99 a 11 Hu 1 m 35m 5 ,W 97 a 6 m n P. v. n a D. m 0 dY HEN am 1 900 9 .m rew ame MIN 06 em Hg PA I] 53 47 [I Attorneys-Carl R. Horten, David W. Tibbott and Frank H.

Thomson 9 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs.

ABSTRACT: A protective device for the condenser tubes of a steam surface condenser. A baffle arrangement prevents direct impingement of high velocity against the tube bundles closest to the condenser inlet. Legs extend from the baffle between the individual tubes of the tube bundles to substantially dampen vibrations of the tubes.

PATENTED an em INVENTORS ROBE/PT .1. 570x51? DONALD A. HALF/N WW ATTORNEY PROTECTIVE DEVICE FOR CONDENSER TUBES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to steam surface condensers and in particular to a condenser tube protective device for use with such condensers. The invention provides apparatus for preventing direct impingement of moisture-laden high velocity steam against the condenser tubes and apparatus for substantially dampening the vibration of the individual tubes of the tube bundles causes bythe flow of high-velocity steam.

It is known that the direct impingement of high-velocity steam against thetube bundles adjacent the condenser inlet will cause erosion of the-tubes and eventually lead to tube failure. One prior apparatus for preventing the direct impingement of high-velocity steam is shown in US. Pat. application Ser. No. 699,710, filed Jan. 22, 1968, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,472,315, granted Oct. 14, 1969. Although such prior apparatus does an effective job of preventing erosion of the tube bundles due to the direct impingement of the moisture laden steam, it does not solve the problem of tube failure caused by vibration of the tube bundles.

Attempts have been made to reduce the vibration of the tube bundles by closer spacing of the tube support plates and by positioning additional support elements between the tube sheets. Such attempts have not, however, been altogether satisfactory in dampening tube vibration.

SUMMARY It is therefore the principal object of this invention to provide a novel apparatus for preventing direct impingement of high-velocity steam against the tube bundles and for substantially dampening vibration of the tube bundles.

The foregoing and other objects will, in general, be carried out by providing in combination a condenser having an inlet for steam to be condensed, a plurality of spaced-apart tube bundles each including a plurality of individual tubes for carrying cooling fluid, and apparatus for preventing direct impingement of high-velocity steam against and dampening vibration of the individual tubes which form the tube bundles closest to said inlet comprising: a plurality of spaced-apart baffle means positioned between the condenser inlet and the tube bundles for directing the major portion of steam between said tube bundles; and means secured to said baffle means and extending into said tube bundles for dampening vibrations of the individual tubes which form said tube bundles.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OFTI-IE DRAWING The invention will be described in connection with the annexed drawing wherein:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a condenser employing one embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the protective device of the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a view showing a modification of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1 there is shown a condenser generally indicated at 1 having a steam dome 2 secured to the top of the condenser. The steam dome 2 defines an inlet 3 for the condenser. A conventional feed water heater 4 is provided. In general, there will be areas of maximum velocity incoming steam. The location of these areas will depend upon the conditions of service and the type of turbine used. For one application, the areas of maximum velocity incoming steam may be located as shown in FIG. 1 where these areas have been shown in broken lines and designated by the numeral 5. It is intended that the present invention will be applied in the areas of maximum velocity incoming steam, but in certain applications, it may be desirable to extend the protective apparatus over the entire inlet.

Referring now to FIG. 2, there is shown a portion of the inside of a condenser which is adjacent the inlet and includes the tube bundles protective device of the present invention. The inside of a surface condenser includes a plurality of spacedapart tube bundles 10 which are formed of a plurality of individual tubes 11. Each of these tubes carries a suitable cooling fluid. In the configuration shown, the individual tubes 11 are aligned in rows. Tube support plates 12 are provided for supporting the tube bundles. Although a single support plate has been shown, a completed condenser will include several spaced-apart tube support plates. With prior apparatus the steam entering the condenser will impinge directly against the tube bundles 10. Such direct impingement will cause erosion of the tubes which will eventually cause failure of the tubes and necessitate their replacement.

shaped baffles 15 have been provided. Each baffle 15 overlies a tube bundle l0 and has a base dimension substantially equal to the width of the tube bundles. The baffles 15 are mounted on the tube support plates 10 as shown in FIG. 2. As steam en- 7 ters the inlet of the condenser, it will strike the impingement protecting baffles 15 rather than the tubes 11. Although erosion of the baffles 15 will occur such erosion will not effect condenser performance to the extent that erosion of condenser tubes effects performance. The triangular shape of the baffle 15 with its apex pointed toward the condenser inlet provides a good flow path for directing incoming steam between the tube bundles. By the time the steam reaches the lower tube bundles (not shown), its velocity has been reduced to an amount such that direct impingement on the condenser tubes will not cause substantial erosion.

Secured to and depending downwardly from the baffles- 15 are a plurality of spaced-apart vibration dampening means generally indicatedat 20. The vibration preventing means 20 is generally in the form of aY and includes a pair of fingers 21 which are secured to the baffle 15 as by welding. The fingers extend downwardly between the rows of the tubes as clearly shown in FIG. 2. The fingers are spaced apart a distance equal to the outside diameter of the individual tubes so that the fingers contact each of the tubes. There is at least one and preferably a pair of spaced-apart finger means or vibration dampening means 20 between each of the tube support plates 12. As high-velocity steam passes through the tube bundles 10, the finger means 20 holds the individual tubes and substantially dampens the amount of vibration heretofore in duced by the flowing steam. The particular configuration serves to hold the individual tubes and thereby dampen vibrations yet does not interfere with steam flow.

As a modification of the present invention, the baffle elements 15 may be replaced by a tubular member 25 such as that shown in FIG. 3. Secured to the pipe 25 by means of an eye 31 and extending downwardly therefrom between the individual tubes 11 is a vibration preventing means 30 which includes a pair of downwardly extending fingers 32, which, like the embodiment to FIG. 2, contact and hold the individual tubes 11 is a vibration-preventing means 30 which includes a pair of downwardly extending fingers 32, which, like the embodiment to FIG. 2, contact and hold the individual tubes 11.

From the foregoing it is apparent that the objects of this invention have been carried out. A baffle arrangement for preventing direct impingement of high-velocity steam and directing the steam between the tube bundles for most efficient condensing has been provided. An arrangement for substantially dampening vibrations of the tubes due to the flow of high-velocity steam.

We claim:

1. In combination, a condenser having an inlet for steam to be condensed, a plurality of spaced-apart tube bundles each including a plurality of individual tubes for carrying cooling fluid, and apparatus for preventing direct impingement of high-velocity steam against and dampening vibration of the individual tubes which form the tube bundles closest to said inlet comprising:

a plurality of spaced-apart bafile means positioned between the condenser inlet and the tube bundles for directing the major portion of steam between said tube bundles; and

means secured to said baffle means and extending into said tube bundles for dampening vibrations of the individual tubes which form said tube bundles; wherein: said means for dampening vibrations includes both tube support plates and a pair of fingers, each of said fingers extending between said individual tubes and wherein at least some of said individual tubes are held by said fingers.

2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said fingers are spaced apart a distance equal to the outside diameter of said individual tubes.

3. The combination of claim 1 wherein each of said baffle means overlies one of said tube bundles and has a width substantially equal to the width of said tube bundles.

4. The combination of claim 3 wherein said baffle means is triangular in configuration having its apex facing the inlet of the condenser.

5. The combination of claim 4 wherein said means for dampening vibrations includes a pair of fingers each extending between said individual tubes and at least some of said individual tubes are held by said fingers.

6. In combination, a condenser having an inlet for steam to be condensed, a plurality of spaced-apart tube bundles each including a plurality of individual tubes for carrying cooling fluid, means for supporting said tube bundles, and apparatus for preventing direct impingement of high-velocity steam against and dampening vibrations of the individual tubes which form the tube bundles closest to said inlet comprising:

a plurality of spaced-apart baffie means positioned between said inlet and the tube bundles for directing the major portion of steam between said tube bundles; and

at least a pair of spaced-apart finger means secured to said baffle means and extending toward said tube bundles for dampening vibrations of the-individual tubes which form said tube bundles; wherein: said baffle means is mounted on said supporting means.

7. The combination of claim 6 wherein each of said finger means includes a pair of substantially rigid fingers extending from said baffie means between the individual tubes of said tube bundles.

8. The combination of claim 7 wherein each of said baffle means is triangular in configuration and overlies one of said tube bundles and has a base dimension substantially equal to the width of said tube bundles.

9. The combination of claim 8 wherein the fingers of said finger means are spaced apart a distance equal to the outside diameter of said tubes.

Claims (9)

1. In combination, a condenser having an inlet for steam to be condensed, a plurality of spaced-apart tube bundles each including a plurality of individual tubes for carrying cooling fluid, and apparatus for preventing direct impingement of highvelocity steam against and dampening vibration of the individual tubes which form the tube bundles closest to said inlet comprising: a plurality of spaced-apart baffle means positioned between the condenser inlet and the tube bundles for directing the major portion of steam between said tube bundles; and means secured to said baffle means and extending into said tube bundles for dampening vibrations of the individual tubes which form said tube bundles; wherein: said means for dampening vibrations includes both tube support plates and a pair of fingers, each of said fingers extending between said individual tubes and wherein at least some of said individual tubes are held by said fingers.
2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said fingers are spaced apart a distance equal to the outside diameter of said individual tubes.
3. The combination of claim 1 wherein each of said baffle means overlies one of said tube bundles and has a width substantially equal to the width of said tube bundles.
4. The combination of claim 3 wherein said baffle means is triangular in configuration having its apex facing the inlet of the condenser.
5. The combination of claim 4 wherein said means for dampening vibrations includes a pair of fingers each extending between said individual tubes and at least some of said individual tubes are held by said fingers.
6. In combination, a condenser having an inlet for steam to be condensed, a plurality of spaced-apart tube bundles each including a plurality of individual tubes for carrying cooling fluid, means for supporting said tube bundles, and apparatus for preventing direct impingement of high-velocity steam against and dampening vibrations of the individual tubes which form the tube bundles closest to said inlet comprising: a plurality of spaced-apart baffle means positioned between said inlet and the tube bundles for directing the major portion of steam between said tube bundles; and at least a pair of spaced-apart finger means secured to said baffle means and extending toward said tube bundles for dampening vibrations of the individual tubes which form said tube bundles; wherein: said baffle means is mounted on said supporting means.
7. The combination of claim 6 wherein each of said finger means includes a pair of substantially rigid fingers extending from said baffle means between the individual tubes of said tube bundles.
8. The combination of claim 7 wherein each of said baffle means is triangular in configuration and overlies one of said tube bundles and has a base dimension substantially equal to the width of said tube bundles.
9. The combination of claim 8 wherein the fingers of said finger means are spaced apart a distance equal to the outside diameter of said tubes.
US3568763D 1969-02-26 1969-02-26 Protective device for condenser tubes Expired - Lifetime US3568763A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4142578A (en) * 1977-09-12 1979-03-06 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Heat exchanger impingement protection
US4168737A (en) * 1976-11-19 1979-09-25 Kabushiki Kaisha Komatsu Seisakusho Heat exchange recuperator
FR2586290A1 (en) * 1985-08-14 1987-02-20 Stein Industrie Device for protecting exchangers placed in a conduit of fumes charged with ash filled particles
US5094292A (en) * 1991-06-10 1992-03-10 Buckshaw Dennis J Tube shield
US5996356A (en) * 1996-10-24 1999-12-07 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Parallel type refrigerator

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE469213C (en) * 1925-07-17 1928-12-10 Eugen Haber Protection device for air-heater
GB1017455A (en) * 1962-06-08 1966-01-19 Motala Verkstad Ab Staying device for tubes, rods and the like in steam generators, heat exchangers andthe like
US3472315A (en) * 1968-01-22 1969-10-14 Ingersoll Rand Co Protective device for condenser tubes

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE469213C (en) * 1925-07-17 1928-12-10 Eugen Haber Protection device for air-heater
GB1017455A (en) * 1962-06-08 1966-01-19 Motala Verkstad Ab Staying device for tubes, rods and the like in steam generators, heat exchangers andthe like
US3472315A (en) * 1968-01-22 1969-10-14 Ingersoll Rand Co Protective device for condenser tubes

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4168737A (en) * 1976-11-19 1979-09-25 Kabushiki Kaisha Komatsu Seisakusho Heat exchange recuperator
US4142578A (en) * 1977-09-12 1979-03-06 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Heat exchanger impingement protection
FR2586290A1 (en) * 1985-08-14 1987-02-20 Stein Industrie Device for protecting exchangers placed in a conduit of fumes charged with ash filled particles
EP0212003A1 (en) * 1985-08-14 1987-03-04 STEIN INDUSTRIE Société Anonyme dite: Protective device for heat exchangers placed in fine ash particles-laden smoke duct
US4667733A (en) * 1985-08-14 1987-05-26 Stein Industrie Protective device for heat exchangers placed in a duct for smoke filled with fine particles of ash
US5094292A (en) * 1991-06-10 1992-03-10 Buckshaw Dennis J Tube shield
US5996356A (en) * 1996-10-24 1999-12-07 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Parallel type refrigerator

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