US3536273A - Method of and apparatus for winding a web of plastic film - Google Patents

Method of and apparatus for winding a web of plastic film Download PDF

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US3536273A
US3536273A US3536273DA US3536273A US 3536273 A US3536273 A US 3536273A US 3536273D A US3536273D A US 3536273DA US 3536273 A US3536273 A US 3536273A
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Prior art keywords
web
windup
roll
rolls
supply source
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William E Hawkins
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E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
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E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H18/00Winding webs
    • B65H18/08Web-winding mechanisms
    • B65H18/10Mechanisms in which power is applied to web-roll spindle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H18/00Winding webs
    • B65H18/08Web-winding mechanisms
    • B65H18/10Mechanisms in which power is applied to web-roll spindle
    • B65H18/106Mechanisms in which power is applied to web-roll spindle for several juxtaposed strips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H23/00Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs
    • B65H23/02Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H23/00Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs
    • B65H23/02Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely
    • B65H23/032Controlling transverse register of web
    • B65H23/0328Controlling transverse register of web by moving the winding device
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H35/00Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. of the kinds specified below
    • B65H35/02Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. of the kinds specified below from or with longitudinal slitters or perforators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/20Continuous handling processes
    • B65H2301/23Continuous handling processes of multiple materials in parallel to each other
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/41Winding, unwinding
    • B65H2301/414Winding
    • B65H2301/4143Performing winding process
    • B65H2301/41432Performing winding process special features of winding process
    • B65H2301/414322Performing winding process special features of winding process oscillated winding, i.e. oscillating the axis of the winding roller or material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/41Winding, unwinding
    • B65H2301/414Winding
    • B65H2301/4148Winding slitting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/41Winding, unwinding
    • B65H2301/414Winding
    • B65H2301/4148Winding slitting
    • B65H2301/41486Winding slitting winding on two or more winding shafts simultaneously
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/41Winding, unwinding
    • B65H2301/414Winding
    • B65H2301/4148Winding slitting
    • B65H2301/41487Winding slitting trimming edge

Description

Oct. 27, 1970 w. E. HAWKINS i 3,536,273

METHODv OF AND APPARATUS FOR WINDING A WEB 0F PLASTIC FILM Filed Feb. 7, 1969 v 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG-l WILLIAM E. HAWKINS ATTORNEY Oct 27, 1970 w. E. HAWKINS 3,536,273

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR WINDING A WEB OF PLASTIC FILM Filed Feb. 7, 1969 2 Sheets-Shee 2 FIG-2.

mvsmon WILLIAM E. HAWKINS ATTORNEY United States Patent r 3,536,273 METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR WINDING A WEB 0F PLASTIC FILM William E. Hawkins, Circleville, Ohio, assignor to E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Wilmington, Del., a corporation of Delaware Filed Feb. 7, 1969, Ser. No. 797,590 Int. Cl. B65h 25/26, 35/02 US. Cl. 242-565 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Method of continuously winding a web of plastic film from a supply source onto a windup roll including the steps of moving the web continuously from the supply source to the windup roll; slitting the web continuously at least at the edges thereof with web edge slitters as it moves from the supply source to the windup roll; reciprocating the web edge slitters continuously relative to the supply source as the edges of the web are slit; and, reciprocating the windup roll continuously relative to the supply source and in timed relationship with the web edge slitters as the web is being wound onto the windup roll whereby the only relative motion of the web with respect to the supply source occurs substantially only after the web is wound onto the windup roll thereby to distribute gauge bands in the web laterally throughout the wound web, still obtaining even edges in the wound Web as it is wound. Apparatus is provided for performing the above described method of winding.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the invention This invention is a web winding method and apparatus and, more particularly, is directed to a novel method of and apparatus for continuously distributing gauge bands (i.e., bands of different thickness then general web thickness) in a web laterally throughout such web by oscillating the windup roll during winding of the web thereon and still obtaining even edges on such wound roll as it is wound by reciprocating Web edgeslitters (and web center slitter or other web slitters) in timed relationship with such windup roll. The winding operation is accomplished with no lateral movement of the web with respect to its supply source except after it is wound on the windup roll.

Description of the prior art Web winding and gauge band distributing devices of this general type are old. It is known, for example, to reciprocate only a windup roll, or an unwind roll, or a rewind roll in a second winding operation, or to reciprocate intermediate rolls between a supply source and a windup roll to impart sinusoidal motion to gauge bands to distribute them laterally throughout the web as it is wound.

US. patent to Davis 2,130,332 discloses a method of winding a web of paper in a manner to prevent the building up of ridges due to superimposed minute irregularities in the thickness of the paper, such as arise from its manufacture on the paper making machine, which irregularities run longitudinally of the web, consisting of continuously oscillating the web laterally in its own plane during the winding or rewinding operation by oscillating the web unwind roll or windup roll in an amount exceedingly minute in comparison with the width of the web, thereby distributing substantially uniformly such longitudinal irregularities over a lateral distance equal to the amplitude of the oscillation. The uneven edges of the wound roll obtained by oscillating the windup roll may be removed by rewinding and trimming.

US. Patent 2,672,299 to Jones discloses a web register- Patented Oct. 27, 1970 ing apparatus having a continuously traversing windup roll which will automatically shift as the film shifts and which prevents the web bead (i.e., the thick edges of the weg of plastic film) from winding on itself.

US. Patent 2,946,532 to Carter discloses an oscillator for web winding devices in which the windup roll is oscillated with respect to the web source in a predetermined manner related to the web speed to prevent irregularities, such as thick or thin places from building up.

These known winding methods either form wound rolls having uneven edges, or damage the web due to shifting it transversely (dragging it over a roll) during its movement from the supply source to the windup roll, or require subsequent and additional rewinding or edge trimming operations, all of which impose severe limitations of use in such devices or methods.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The web winding apparatus of this invention is continuous 1n operation.

Briefly described, the apparatus continuously winds a plastic web from a supply source onto a windup roll and includes means for moving the web continuously from the supply source to the windup roll; for slitting the web continuously at least at the edges thereof with web edge slitters as it moves from the supply source to the windup roll; for reciprocaitng the edge slitters continuously relative to the supply source as the edges of the web are slit; and, means for reciprocating the windup roll continuously relative to the supply source and in timed relationship with the slitters as the web is being wound onto the windup roll whereby the only relative motion of the web with respect to the supply source (and to the parts of the apparatus between the supply source and the windup roll) occurs substantially only after the web is wound onto the windup roll thereby to distribute gauge bands in the web laterally throughout the wound web, still obtaining even edges in the wound web as it is wound.

Due to nature of the casting process and the web dimensions, a web of plastic film usually has one or more zones of greater or lesser thickness than the rest of the web (i.e., gauge variations) that exist lengthwise or in the machine direction of the web and when the web is wound directly onto a windup roll these continuing zones lie one atop the other as the successive layers are wound thereon so that in cumulative effect a gauge band, either thicker or thinner as compared to normal Web thickness, is built up.

Gauge bands (i.e., lanes or zones in a web of plastic film which are slightly thicker or thinner than adjacent web areas, usually by more than 10%) usually remain in the same transverse location for relatively long periods of time during production of the web, thus they are continuously wound along the same path on the windup roll. This causes the buildup of hard bands on the wound roll and results in stresses which, in time, distort the roll, thereby impairing its utility and causing waste.

Several methods involving oscillation of a windup roll only (or an unwind roll or intermediate rolls) have been practised to cause continuing web defects, such as gauge bands, to be moved laterally and prevent formation of hard gauge bands on finished film rolls.

Various patents also describe benefits to be derived from oscillation to distribute gauge bands, but the methods disclosed are incapable of fully coping with gauge band problems, or result in rolls which are undesirable for one reason or another.

For example, when the windup roll is oscillated relative to fixed edge slitters, these known winding methods form wound rolls having uneven edges, which require subsequent and additional rewinding or edge trimming operations, hence rendering such methods less than fully acceptable.

Further, it is of particular importance during its entire movement from the supply source to the windup roll that the web, particularly a web of plastic film, should follow an unerring path of movement relative to the supply source so that there will be no relative movement between the web and the various rolls that support and pull and carry it from the supply source to the windup roll. This is so because such movement, however slight, can easily create wrinkles in the plastic web or jam machine web feed or rub the web surface to scar or rip or deface the thin plastic film and render it virtually useless.

In many known winding devices, the oscillating movement of the windup roll or other rolls (such as web clamping rolls which fixedly position the web travel path with respect to web slitters) relative to the supply source moves the web relative to various other rolls that carry it or support it, for example, and hence brings about the very problem just described.

The present invention solves these problems and other problems existent in the prior art by osciliating or reciprocating a windup roll and edge (and center) slitters simultaneously to overcome these deficiencies and to form wound film rolls free of built up gauge bands and having smooth ends or edges.

It is seen, therefore, that there are particular aspects of winding webs to which this invention is particularly directed. If the edges of the web are slit by stationary knives during oscillation of a windup roll, for example, then the wound roll edges wili be uneven and cause distortion of the film thereby producing baggy edges with excessive losses in conversion. This invention gives smooth web edges even during oscillatory winding.

Additionally, the oscillation of gauge bands during web Winding should occur without sliding contact of the web With any roll surface in order to avoid marring the film surface. The present invention achieves this latter goal by oscillating a windup roll or rolls and slitters in synchronism; thus, while the path of the center line of the slit web and the edges of the slit web will movefrom side to side along a given path due to oscillation of the slitters relative to the web and the web supply source, there is no relative movement of the web with respect to the web supply source or to other rolls, including the windup roll. Uniform winding is achieved by oscillating the windup roll so as to follow the path of the edges of the web.

Slitting in a free span of film in which the slitters are free to move transversely relative to the web is still another advantage of this invention. In order to achieve free-span slitting, a tension idler roll is positioned adjacent the slitters to provide necessary tension and prevent billowing of the web during slitting, as will be further explained.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a perspective diagrammatic view of the web winding apparatus of this invention, with parts omitted for clarity, showing a web as it moves from a supply source past web edge slitters and center slitter and onto windup rolls, the slitters and windup rolls being operable to reciprocate in timed relationship to each other and to the supply source, and

FIG. 2 is a plan view showing, in exaggerated form and with parts omitted for clarity, the supply source, the web, the web edge slitters and center slitters and the windup rolls of the winding apparatus of FIG. 1 and further showing the slitters and windup rolls in their extreme positions of reciprocation relative the supply source and the relative positions of the web with other parts of the apparatus during the web slitting and web winding operations.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawing, a web 10 of plastic film to be wound by the web windingapparatus of this invention is supplied from a supply source 11, such as supply roll 12, and moved past and into operative association with a web slitter means 13 and, after slitting, wound onto web windup rolls 14 and 15, in a manner to be described. The supply source 11 may be any appropriate source other than a supply roll; the web 10, for example, may be a web of plastic film as it emerges from the tenter frame of a polyethylene terephthalate film production line.

In the embodiment shown, from the supply source 11, the web 10 passes under an idler roll 16 and over a transfer roll 17 positioned between the supply source 11 and the windup rolls 14 and -15. The web slitter means 13, consisting of web edge slitters 18 and a web center slitter 19, is positioned above and in the free span of the web 10 between the roll 16 and the roli 17 and an idler roll 20 is positioned below the web 10 and adjacent the slitter means 13. This idler roll 20 provides tension for the web 10 in the free span and prevents billowing of the web upon contact with the slitters.

The web 10 is slit by the center slitter 19 into two webs, 21 and 22, and the edges 102 of the web 10 are trimmed by the edge slitters 18 of the slitter means 13. The edge trim 23 cut from the web 10 by the slitters 18 is conveyed around the support roll 17 to trim removal chutes 24 (only one chute is shown) from which it may be fed to a chopper. If the chopper is employed to shred trim waste, it is desirable to isolate chopper jerk from the web handling apparatus; therefore, narrow layon rolls 25 and 26 are employed to engage the edge trim 23 on the roll 17.

After edge trimming and center slitting, the webs 21 and 22 are moved separately to the windup rolls 14 and 15. For convenience, these windup rolls are positioned apart so that web 21 goes directly from the transfer roll 17 to the windup roll 14 and web 22 goes over a second transfer roll 26 to the windup roll 15. Preferably, the windup rolls 14 and 15 are center driven; windup roll 14 being driven by a drive motor 27 and windup roll 15 being driven by a drive motor 28. Auxiliary means, as are known to the art, may be empioyed to control torque and winding tension. Similarly, layon rolls of a suitable type may be employed on each windup roll to assist in producing rolls of desired characteristics. The motors 27 and 28 and various other known mechanisms employed in the practice of this invention are shown diagrammatically in the drawing for convenience.

The touchstone of the present invention is the improvement of final roll formation on windup rolls 14 and 15 and distribution of gauge bands in the web 10 (and in webs 21 and 22) by transversely oscillating or reciprocating the web slitter means 13 and the web windup rolls 14 and 15 relative to the supply source 11 and in timed relationship to each other.

To accommodate the transverse oscillation of the apparatus, including the edge slitters 18, the average width of the edge trim 23 will be slightiy greater than that normally removed for bead trim on film produced with edge beads for gripping by transverse stretching apparatus. The total additional width of trim 23 is equal to the amplitude of the oscillation, which can be as high as 12 inches for severe gauge band problems, but generally is about 6 inches. Oscillation is usually at a rate of about 3 inches per 'minute or less.

Preferably, the web slitter means 13 is reciprocated by means of a reversible A1 H.P. DC electric motor 29 through a rack and pinion in a slitter means oscillator or drive 30. Windup rolls 14 and 15 are mounted on turrets 31 and 32, respectively (these are usually each adapted for three rolls for rapid starting of new windup rolls, but are shown as single rolls here for simplicity). The turrets are equipped to move on rollers in a direction transverse to the direction of web travel. Turrets 31 and 32 are reciprocated relative to the supply source 11 by reversing synchronous motors 33 and 34, respectively, which are reversed by actuation of limit switches in the slitter means drive 30, through circuit means 37. These synchronous motors are reversible and are coupled to mechanical traversing systems 38 and 39, such as a margin control on a Cline winder (made by Eagan Company), as is known in the art. Again, the motors, the traversing systems, and various other known parts of the apparatus are shown diagrammatically in the drawing for convenience.

The operation of the apparatus of this invention is further illustrated in FIG. 2, which shows in exaggerated dimensions, the two extreme positions of reciprocation of the web slitter means 13 and the windup rolls 14 and 15 relative to the supply source 11 and the relationship of these parts with respect to the web at such positions. Various parts, such as the transfer roll 17, have been omitted from this showing for clarity and for a better understanding of the invention.

Referring to FIG. 2, it will be seen that when the slitter means 13 and the windup rolls 14 and 15 are in their extreme lefthand positions, the lefthand edge 10a of the web 10 is slit along line 40 by one edge slitter 18, and the righthand edge 1012 of the web 10 is slitalong line 41 by the other edge slitter 18, while the center of the web 10 is slit along line 42 by the center slitter 19. In such positions (designated A and B, respectively, in FIG. 2), the windup rolls 14 and 15 are adapted to receive the webs 21 and (22 in a straight line from the slitter means 13 to form or obtain smooth ends or edges in the rolls wound onto the windup rolls 14 and 15.

The web slitter means 13 and the windup rolls 14 and {15 are then reciprocated to their extreme righthand posi tions, as shown in FIG. 2, and, thus positioned, they slit the :web 10 along lines 40, 41' and 42 (shown as dotted lines). In these positions, (designated C and D and shown as dotted lines) the windup rolls 14 and 15 again are adapted to receive the webs 21 and 22 in a straight line from the slitting means 13 thereby to obtain smooth edges on the wound rolls in these positions during winding and in all positions between the extreme lefthand and righthand positions.

Although the positions of'the slitters 18 and 19 and the windup rolls 14 and 15 appear to be fixed in the drawing, it is to be understood that there is a substantially continuous cyclic motion, with brief dwell periods at the extreme lefthand and righthand positions of travel, so that the locus of the slitters 18 and 19 and of the edges 2'1e and 22a of the webs 21 and 22 formed by the slitting operation would be a long wavelength, low amplitude truncated sawtooth wave.

The speed of the web 10 and the speed of the traversing motion of the slitter means 13 is such that the maximum angle made by the slit with respect to an edge 10a of the web 10 is substantially less than a degree of arc, generally a matter of a few seconds; for example, at typical web speeds at hundreds of feet per minute and normal traversing speeds of less than three inches per minute the angle is negligible.

The timed oscillation of the windup rolls 14 and 15 and web slitter means 13 with respect to the supply source 11 prevents any continuing gauge bands that may exist in the web 10 from being repeatedly wound directly one atop the other as the webs 21 and 22 formed from web 10 are wound onto such windup rolls 14 and 15 and still produces even edges in the wound webs as they are wound. The oscillatory movement of the windup rolls 14 and 15 distributes the gauge bands or moves them laterally and prevents the cumulative formation of gauge bands in one area or line or zone of the webs 21 and 22 as the webs are wound onto the windup rolls 14 and 15 and the timed oscillation of the slitter means 13 with such windup rolls obtains in the webs wound onto the windup rolls 14 and 15 the even edges desired and required.

It would be possible, of course, to solve gauge band problems of the type described by oscillating only the windup rolls 14 and 15 and without oscillating the slitter means 13 but this would create uneven edges in the wound webs. The oscillatory movement, continuous in nature, of the windup rolls 14 and 15 changes the relationship of the edges of the webs being wound thereon during all positions of the movement of the rolls 14 and 15. In other words, the edges 21c and 22e of the webs 21 and 22 are fed onto the windup rolls 14 and 15 at varying angles to them depending on the positions of the windup rolls at that particular time and if the web 10 were not slit by oscillating slitters this would produce uneven edges on the wound rolls which would have to be removed through additional trimming or rewinding operations. Thus, uneven feeding of webs onto windup rolls is to be avoided.

Further, the shifting of various components of known winding devices, such as slitters or transfer rolls or pull rolls, with respect to the web being wound tends to pull the web or move it laterally and such movement between the web and a carrying roll, such as 17, could severely scar or wrinkle the web. This relative movement, then, is also to be avoided.

It is important, therefore, that the web being wound onto a windup roll feed or enter onto such roll in a straight line and that the web not be moved relative to its supply source or to other rolls or parts of the total apparatus during its movement from the supply source to the windup roll.

In the apparatus of this invention both of these goals are obtained by oscillating the slitter means 13 simultaneously with the windup rolls 14 and 15 relative to the supply source 11 and to the web 10.

As will be seen in FIGS. 1 and 2, the reciprocation of the web slitter means 13 in a direction at right angles to the movement of the web 10 defines the edges 21e along web 21 and the edges 22 along web 22. Due to the constant oscillation of the slitters 18 and 19 defining these edges, such edges assume or define a truncated sawtooth path which would wind in a crooked or uneven fashion if wound onto a stationary windup roll. Applicant avoids this uneven winding by oscillating the windup rolls 14 and 15 in timed relationship with the oscillation of the slitter means 13 and thereby assures that the edges 21a and 22e of the webs 21 and '22 will always wind in a straight line or fashion onto the windup rolls 14 and 15. Further, since the web slitter means 13 is oscillated relative to the web 10, there is no move ment of the web 10 or the webs 21 and 22 with respect to the supply source 11 during slitting or during the entire movement of the web or webs from the supply source 11 to the windup rolls 14 and 15. Hence, damage to the web or webs during travel is minimized.

While the disclosure has been directed to electrical traversing means with appropriate synchronizing means, a reversible fluid cylinder can effectively be used, as well as oscillation of the rolls with a margin adjustment device, such as a Fife or an Askania edger, on the windup roll. The use of these edgers eliminates the need for interconnection between the slitter means and the windup oscillator since edgers inherently shift rolls by following the motion of the edges of the film. Most of the advantages of this latter method of oscillation of rolls are offset to some extent by fluctuations caused by hunting in the edger and by malfunctions with a greater need for maintenance.

Further, while two windup rolls are shown for winding two flat webs thereon, a single web may be wound onto a single windup roll or more than two rolls may be wound onto windup rolls, still following the teachings of this invention.

The foregoing description relates primarily to a web winding apparatus for use with a web of plastic film coming from a production line, such as from a tenter frame employed in biaxial orientation of a film, such as polyethylene terephthalate. Such fim is conventionally slit substantially near its center line and at the web edges, including the beads at such edges for gripping by tenter clips, are trimmed at the same time. The edge and center slitters, as described, oscillate or reciprocate in unison and take a variable trim from each edge, causing the center slit to move in a wavelike locus in conformity to the slit edges of the web to yield two sheets of substantially equal width having substantially parallel edges.

The elimination or distribution of persistent gauge bands in a web and the formation of smooth end faces or edges on the wound rolls formed from this method not only frees the rolls from distortion, by avoiding stretched lanes and baggy portions of the film, but also greatly facilitates and speeds charting for subsequent slitting into narrow widths. It should be understood, however, that the basic improvement is not limited to winding plastic film, as in the foregoing description, but webs from any source may effectively be subjected to the method of timed oscillation of doing winding of windup rolls and slitters, and slitting along each edge or center as long as no lateral motion of the web with respect to any parts of the particular mechanism involved occurs until after such web is wound onto the windup roll or rolls.

While this invention has been described in conjunction with a web of plastic film, it is further to be understood that a web of paper or web of any other slittable and windable material may be slit and wound using the novel apparatus and method of this invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A method of continuously winding a web from a supply source onto a windup roll including the steps of:

moving the web continuously from the supply source to the windup roll; slitting the web continuously with web slitters as it moves from the supply source to the windup roll;

reciprocating the web slitters continuously relative to the supply source as the Web is slit; and,

reciprocating the windup roll continuously relative to the supply source as the web is being wound onto the windup roll wherein the only relative motion of the web with respect to the supply source occurs substantially only after the web is wound onto the windup roll.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein the web slitters and windup roll are reciprocated in timed relationship to each other whereby to form on the windup roll a wound roll having even edges.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein the web is a thin plastic material.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein the web slitters include edge slitters and the edge slitters and windup roll are reciprocated in timed relationship to each other whereby the web edges continuously formed by the edge slitters are substantially constantly straight in line as the web is wound onto the windup roll.

5. A method of continuously winding a web from a supply source onto a windup roll including the steps of: moving the web continuously from the supply source to the windup roll;

slitting the web continuously at least at the edges thereof with edge slitters as it moves from the supply source to the windup roll;

reciprocating the edge slitters continuously relative to the edges of the web as it is slit;

reciprocating the windup roll and web wound thereon continuously relative to the supply source as the web is wound onto the windup roll; and,

wherein the edge slitters and windup roll are reciprocated in timed relationship to each other whereby to form on the windup a wound roll having even edges.

6. An apparatus for continuously winding a web from a supply source onto a windup roll wherein said web is slit at least at its edges thereof prior to winding, said apparatus comprising:

means to move said web from said supply source to said windup roll;

slitter means to continuously slit at least the edges of said web as it moves from said supply source to said windup roll; means to move said web from said supply source to said slitter means along a given path of movement;

means to continuously reciprocate said slitter means in a direction at right angles to said given path of movement and relative to said web to selectively slit the edges of said web as it moves along said given path of movement;

means to continuously reciprocate said windup roll in a direction at right angles to said given path of movement thereby to move said web being wound thereon from said given path of movement substantially only after said web is wound on said windup roll whereby to distribute gauge variations in said web therethroughout.

7. The apparatus of claim 6 including means to reciprocate said slitter means and said windup roll in timed relationship to each other whereby to form on the windup roll a wound roll having even edges.

8. The apparatus of claim 6 wherein said web is a thin plastic material.

9. The apparatus of claim 6 including rolls positioned transverse of said given path of movement and on opposed sides of said slitter means, said web being trained around said rolls and defining a free span therebetween whereby said slitter means is free to reciprocate transversely.

10. A method of continuously winding a web from a supply source onto a windup roll including the steps of:

moving the web continuously from the supply source to the windup roll;

slitting the web continuously at least at the edges thereof with edge slitters as it moves from the supply source to the windup roll;

reciprocating the edge slitters continuously relative to the supply source as the edges of the web are slit; and

reciprocating the windup roll continuously relative to the supply source as the web is being wound onto the windup roll wherein the only relative motion of the web with respect to the supply source and intermediate transfer rolls occurs substantially only after the web is wound onto the windup roll.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,130,332 9/1938 Davis 24267.1 2,206,580 7/1940 Potdevin et al. 242--67.1 2,946,532 7/1960 Carter 24257.1 3,104,072 9/1963 Doven i 242-66 3,156,426 11/1964 Brock "a- '24256.2 3,323,740 6/1967 Blessing 242-571 LEONARD D. CHRISTIAN, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 242--57.1

US3536273A 1969-02-07 1969-02-07 Method of and apparatus for winding a web of plastic film Expired - Lifetime US3536273A (en)

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US (1) US3536273A (en)
JP (1) JPS4836176B1 (en)
BE (1) BE745589A (en)
DE (1) DE2005551C2 (en)
FR (1) FR2033927A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1255895A (en)
LU (1) LU60310A1 (en)
NL (1) NL171678C (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3801036A (en) * 1970-07-06 1974-04-02 Ici Ltd Production of thermoplastic films
US4094474A (en) * 1977-03-03 1978-06-13 Rotoflex Engraving Limited Slitting apparatus
US4155515A (en) * 1977-06-03 1979-05-22 Jagenberg Werke Aktiengesellschaft Winding station
EP0106428A1 (en) * 1982-09-23 1984-04-25 Crown Zellerbach Corporation Web slitting and grooving system
US4629139A (en) * 1984-03-19 1986-12-16 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Web winding apparatus
US4942000A (en) * 1986-07-30 1990-07-17 Penoyer John A Contactless knurling process for winding of high modulus thermoplastic films
US5320015A (en) * 1991-09-16 1994-06-14 Textilmaschinenfabrik Dr. Ernst Fehrer Aktiengesellschaft Apparatus for applying a fleece band to an endlessly circulating support web
US5417382A (en) * 1992-03-23 1995-05-23 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Method and apparatus for winding a web
EP0881058A2 (en) * 1997-05-29 1998-12-02 Teijin Limited A film roll of a thermoplastic resin film
US6206321B1 (en) * 1998-01-22 2001-03-27 Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent Gmbh Reel cutter for a material web and method of using the same
US6299098B1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2001-10-09 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for manufacturing magnetic recording medium
US6874396B2 (en) * 1998-10-14 2005-04-05 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Web processing system
WO2008038130A2 (en) * 2006-09-26 2008-04-03 Colines S.P.A. Method of winding rolls for final use of plastic films, preferably extendable plastic films, and winding plant implementing the same
US20080277522A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Polymeric film winding systems and methods utilizing ink spacing
US20080277523A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-13 3M Innovative Properties Company System and method for winding polymeric films, such as low modulus, polyolefin films
WO2009051761A3 (en) * 2007-10-16 2009-09-24 Gloucester Engineering Co., Inc. Stretch film winder
US20100025516A1 (en) * 2006-07-17 2010-02-04 Fernando Barsacchi Automated system for producing and managing rolls of web material and robot intended particularly for said system
CN104261165A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-01-07 何宗龙 Wind-up roll device in aluminum plating film splitting machine
WO2015055726A1 (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-04-23 Windmöller & Hölscher Kg Winding device
EP2952459A1 (en) * 2014-05-10 2015-12-09 SML Maschinengesellschaft m.b.H. Method and device for producing a number of wound rolls of sheet material
CN105417232A (en) * 2015-10-15 2016-03-23 青铜峡市全年福制绳有限公司 Winding machine for waste electrochemical aluminum paper rope making
CN105438881A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-03-30 常熟市古里镇淼泉利达机械厂 Cutting, folding and rolling all-in-one machine for cloths

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04189245A (en) * 1989-12-08 1992-07-07 Mitsui Petrochem Ind Ltd Method and device for slitting amorphous metal foil
FR2676427B1 (en) * 1991-05-17 1993-09-03 Du Pont Method and device for winding a film strip.
DE4414003C2 (en) * 1994-04-22 2000-04-13 Kampf Gmbh & Co Maschf Device for winding material webs, in particular plastic films in a two turntables having multiple turret winder

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US2130332A (en) * 1936-12-01 1938-09-13 West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co Method and apparatus for winding paper
US2206580A (en) * 1938-05-27 1940-07-02 Potdevin Machine Co Winding apparatus
US2946532A (en) * 1956-04-04 1960-07-26 Champion Paper & Fibre Co Oscillator for web winding devices
US3104072A (en) * 1958-07-08 1963-09-17 Appleton Mach Winding and slitting machine
US3156426A (en) * 1962-08-21 1964-11-10 Richard A Burnette Apparatus for controlling traveling webs
US3323740A (en) * 1965-07-07 1967-06-06 Huck William F Apparatus for maintaining transverse registration of a moving web

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DE870782C (en) * 1950-01-13 1953-08-10 United States Steel Corp Device for centering or transverse displacement of a moving roller about a peripheral object
US3152941A (en) * 1960-12-14 1964-10-13 Corrugating Technicians Inc Multi-ply web forming apparatus with edge aligning means

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2130332A (en) * 1936-12-01 1938-09-13 West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co Method and apparatus for winding paper
US2206580A (en) * 1938-05-27 1940-07-02 Potdevin Machine Co Winding apparatus
US2946532A (en) * 1956-04-04 1960-07-26 Champion Paper & Fibre Co Oscillator for web winding devices
US3104072A (en) * 1958-07-08 1963-09-17 Appleton Mach Winding and slitting machine
US3156426A (en) * 1962-08-21 1964-11-10 Richard A Burnette Apparatus for controlling traveling webs
US3323740A (en) * 1965-07-07 1967-06-06 Huck William F Apparatus for maintaining transverse registration of a moving web

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3801036A (en) * 1970-07-06 1974-04-02 Ici Ltd Production of thermoplastic films
US4094474A (en) * 1977-03-03 1978-06-13 Rotoflex Engraving Limited Slitting apparatus
US4155515A (en) * 1977-06-03 1979-05-22 Jagenberg Werke Aktiengesellschaft Winding station
EP0106428A1 (en) * 1982-09-23 1984-04-25 Crown Zellerbach Corporation Web slitting and grooving system
US4629139A (en) * 1984-03-19 1986-12-16 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Web winding apparatus
US4942000A (en) * 1986-07-30 1990-07-17 Penoyer John A Contactless knurling process for winding of high modulus thermoplastic films
US5320015A (en) * 1991-09-16 1994-06-14 Textilmaschinenfabrik Dr. Ernst Fehrer Aktiengesellschaft Apparatus for applying a fleece band to an endlessly circulating support web
US5417382A (en) * 1992-03-23 1995-05-23 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Method and apparatus for winding a web
EP0881058A2 (en) * 1997-05-29 1998-12-02 Teijin Limited A film roll of a thermoplastic resin film
EP0881058A3 (en) * 1997-05-29 2000-03-08 Teijin Limited A film roll of a thermoplastic resin film
US6162529A (en) * 1997-05-29 2000-12-19 Teijin Limited Film roll of a thermoplastic resin film
US6206321B1 (en) * 1998-01-22 2001-03-27 Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent Gmbh Reel cutter for a material web and method of using the same
US6874396B2 (en) * 1998-10-14 2005-04-05 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Web processing system
US6299098B1 (en) * 1998-12-07 2001-10-09 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for manufacturing magnetic recording medium
US20100025516A1 (en) * 2006-07-17 2010-02-04 Fernando Barsacchi Automated system for producing and managing rolls of web material and robot intended particularly for said system
US8413407B2 (en) * 2006-07-17 2013-04-09 A. Celli Nonwovens S.P.A. Automated system for producing and managing rolls of web material
WO2008038130A2 (en) * 2006-09-26 2008-04-03 Colines S.P.A. Method of winding rolls for final use of plastic films, preferably extendable plastic films, and winding plant implementing the same
WO2008038130A3 (en) * 2006-09-26 2008-07-10 Colines Spa Method of winding rolls for final use of plastic films, preferably extendable plastic films, and winding plant implementing the same
US20080277523A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-13 3M Innovative Properties Company System and method for winding polymeric films, such as low modulus, polyolefin films
US20080277522A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Polymeric film winding systems and methods utilizing ink spacing
WO2009051761A3 (en) * 2007-10-16 2009-09-24 Gloucester Engineering Co., Inc. Stretch film winder
US20100294876A1 (en) * 2007-10-16 2010-11-25 Gloucester Engineering Co., Inc. Stretch film winder
US8430351B2 (en) 2007-10-16 2013-04-30 Gloucester Engineering Co., Inc. Stretch film winder
WO2015055726A1 (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-04-23 Windmöller & Hölscher Kg Winding device
CN105813962A (en) * 2013-10-15 2016-07-27 温德莫勒及霍尔希尔公司 Winding device
US9701507B2 (en) 2014-05-10 2017-07-11 Sml Maschinengesellschaft M. B. H. Method and device for the production of a number of coiled foil rolls
EP2952459A1 (en) * 2014-05-10 2015-12-09 SML Maschinengesellschaft m.b.H. Method and device for producing a number of wound rolls of sheet material
CN104261165A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-01-07 何宗龙 Wind-up roll device in aluminum plating film splitting machine
CN105417232A (en) * 2015-10-15 2016-03-23 青铜峡市全年福制绳有限公司 Winding machine for waste electrochemical aluminum paper rope making
CN105438881A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-03-30 常熟市古里镇淼泉利达机械厂 Cutting, folding and rolling all-in-one machine for cloths

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR2033927A5 (en) 1970-12-04 application
DE2005551A1 (en) 1970-08-27 application
NL171678B (en) 1982-12-01 application
BE745589A (en) 1970-08-06 grant
GB1255895A (en) 1971-12-01 application
JPS4836176B1 (en) 1973-11-01 grant
BE745589A1 (en) grant
DE2005551C2 (en) 1983-11-03 grant
NL7001625A (en) 1970-08-11 application
NL171678C (en) 1983-05-02 grant
LU60310A1 (en) 1970-09-09 application

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