US3382655A - Apparatus and method for making metallic frieze yarns - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for making metallic frieze yarns Download PDF

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Publication number
US3382655A
US3382655A US657601A US65760167A US3382655A US 3382655 A US3382655 A US 3382655A US 657601 A US657601 A US 657601A US 65760167 A US65760167 A US 65760167A US 3382655 A US3382655 A US 3382655A
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yarn
metallic
yarns
frieze
spindle
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US657601A
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Wasserman Allan
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3M Co
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Wasserman Allan
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Assigned to MINNESOTA MINING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY reassignment MINNESOTA MINING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: WASSERMAN, ALLEN, WASSERMAN, RONNES M.
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/34Yarns or threads having slubs, knops, spirals, loops, tufts, or other irregular or decorative effects, i.e. effect yarns
    • D02G3/343Yarns or threads having slubs, knops, spirals, loops, tufts, or other irregular or decorative effects, i.e. effect yarns using hollow spindles
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/12Threads containing metallic filaments or strips

Description

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MAKING METALLIC FRIEZE YARNS Filed Aug. 1, 1967 INVENTOR.
Allan Wasserman ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,382,655 APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MAKING METALLIC FRIEZE YARNS Allan Wasserman, 61 Wingate Road, Providence, RI. 02906 Filed Aug. 1, 1967, Ser. No. 657,601 7 Claims. (Cl. 57-16) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Apparatus and method for covering non-metallic core yarns with metallic cover yarns to form bright, scintillating frieze yarn suitable for making knitted or woven fabrics for garments and the like.
Background of the invention Frieze fabrics of the shaggy, rough textured type have been well known in the textile industry; such fabrics being formed primarily of wool yarns. More recently, frieze fabrics in knitted or woven form are derived in whole or in part from metallic yarns which give such fabrics a bright scintillating elfect and lend themselves to unlimited apparel designs.
The metallic yarns used in making frieze yarns are rather difiicult to combine with the usual non-metallic core .and cover yarns; and known procedures for making such yarns by twisting operations produce a relatively low output of high quality yarns.
Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide improved apparatus and procedures for combining metallic and non-metallic yarn-s in a novel manner, to produce shag rough textured frieze yarns; the output of such apparatus being of uniformly high quality.
Another object of this invention is 'to provide improved apparatus of the character described, which can be operated at high speeds to produce metallic frieze yarns at rapid production rates; the product being of uniform high quality.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
Summary of the invention The instant invention relates to improved apparatus for applying metallic and non'metallic cover yarns to a non-metallic core yarn at high rates of speed and in a manner to associate the several yarns to produce a high quality frieze effect.
Brief description of the drawing The single figure of the drawing is 'a schematic view of an apparatus embodying the invention for making frieze yarn.
Description of the preferred embodiment Metallic frieze yarns comprise a core yarn of nonmetallic material such as rayon or the like; the core yarn being covered with 'a selected metallic yarn which is wound around the core yarn in one direction, the metallic yarn being locked in place by a cover yarn of non-metallic material such as rayon or the like, which is wound over the metallic yarn in the opposite direction.
In order to obtain a commercially acceptable frieze yarn, the metallic yarn must be wound about the core yarn in a manner such that portions thereof project laterally of the core yarn to produce the desired shaggy, rough textured effect.
Accordingly, as shown in the drawing, 10 designates a spool of core yarn 11 which is loosely supported on a base 12. Core yarn 11 may be rayon with a 75 to 900 3,382,655 Patented May 14, 1968 denier and of the multifilament type with a twist of 2 to 3 turns per inch. The core yarn 11 moves upwardly from spool 10 through a guide eyelet 13 extending from a guide support 14; and thence passes about a star wheel 15 rotating on a horizontal shaft 16.
The upwardly moving core yarn 11 is wrapped with metallic yarn 17 taken from a spool 18 which is mounted on a tubular spindle 19 arranged for rotation about its vertical axis by way of belt means 20 passing about whirl portion 21 of the spindle 19. The metallic yarn 17 feeds freely from spool 18 as the same is rotated, with a ballooning effect, and is wrapped about upwardly moving core yarn 11 above spindle 19.
The metallic covered core yarn continues its upward movement through a rotating tubular spindle 22 which carries a spool 26 of cover yarn 24 which may be rayon or the like. Cover yarn 24 passes from rotating spool 23 through a flier 25 mounted on the spool 23 in a conventional manner; the flier 25 being of known construction, as shown in Patent No. 1,826,713.
The spindle 22 is rotated by means of belt 20A passing about whirl portioin 26 of the spindle, in a direction o-pposite to that in which spindle 19 is rotated. Thus, the cover yarn 24 is effective to lock the metallic yarn 17 in place on core yarn-1'1.
The resultant frieze yarn 27 moves upwardly above rotating spindle 22, passes about a star wheel 28 rotating on a horizontal shaft 29 and 'thence to a takeup roll 30 rotating on a horizontal shaft 31.
It has been found that with metallic yarn '17 freely fed from its spool 18 and applied to core yarn 11; cover yarn 24 being applied by way of flier 25; and the speeds of the spindles 19, 22 and takeup roll 30 suitably correlated the resultant frieze yarn 27 will be of uniform high quality.
The spindle 19 may be rotated through its belt means 20 at speeds ranging from about 2500 to about 3200 r.p.m., with a preferred speed of about 2900 r.p.m. The spindle 22 may be rotated at speeds ranging from about 4500 to about 5300 r.p.m., with a preferred speed of about 5000 r.p.m. The takeup roll 30 is rotated at a speed of from about 30 to about 45 r.p.m., with a preferred speed of about 36 r.p.m. The star wheels 15, 28 are rotated at suitable speeds to maintain the upward movement of the core yarn 11 and associated yarns 17, 24 in a properly tensioned condition.
The metallic yarn 17 is of conventional type with a width ranging from $6 inch to about inch, with a width of inch being particularly effective. The cover yarn 24 is a multiiilament yarn of rayon, nylon, polyester or the like and may have 'a denier of from 70 to about 300.
It is understood that spindles 19 and 22 are rotated by suitable motor means, not shown, through belts 20, 20 A;
and takeup roll 30 is also rotated by motor means, not.
shown. The speeds of such motor means is suitably regulated to obtain the spindle and takeup roll speeds as in-,
dicated above.
As various changes might be made in the herein disclosed embodiment of the invention without departing from the spirit thereof, it is understood that all matter herein shown or described shall be deemed illustrative and not by way of limitation except as set forth in the appended claims.
1 claim:
'1. Apparatus for making metallic frieze yarns comprising support means for a source of core yarn, first tubular spindle mean-s arranged for rotation about :a vertical axis and in vertical alignment with said sourceof core yarn, said tfirst spindle means being adapted to carry a source of metallic yarn, core yarn from said source being adapted to move through said first tubular spindle means while said first spindle means is rotating to freely feed metallic yarn from the source on said first spindle means unrestrained in one direction about said moving core yarn, second tubular spindle means arranged for rotation about a vertical axis and in vertical alignment with said first spindle means and for carrying a source of cover yarn, flier means on said second spindle means and rotatable therewith for feeding cover yarn from the source thereon about said metallic covered core yarn in the opposite direction, and rotatable takeup means in vertical alignment with said second spindle means for receiving the composite yarn; the rotational speeds of said first and second spindle means and said takeup means being correlated.
2. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said first spindle means rotates at speeds of from about 2500 to about 3200 rpm; said second spindle means rotates at speeds of from about 4500 to about 5300 r.p.m. and said takeup means rotates at speeds of from about 30 to about 45 r.p.m.
3. Apparatus as in claim 2 wherein said first spindle means rotates at a speed of about 2900 r.p.m., said second spindle means rotates at a speed of about 5000 r.p.m. and said takeup means rotates at a speed of about 36 r.p.m.
4-. The method of forming metallic frieze yarns comprising moving a core yarn vertically, winding .a metallic yarn freely and unrestrained in one direction about the vertically moving core yarn, winding a positively directed and restrained cover yarn about said metallic covered core yarn in the opposite direction, and winding the composite metallic frieze yarn about a rotating takeup means, the rotational speeds of said metallic and cover yarns and said takeup means being correlated.
5. The method as in claim 4 wherein said metallic yarn is Wound at a speed of from about 2500 to about 3200 r.p m., said cover yarn is wound at a speed of from about 4500 to about 5300 r.p.m., and said takeup means is rotated at a speed of from about 30 to about 45 r.p.m.
6. The method as in claim 5 wherein said metallic yarn is wound at a speed of about 2900 r.p.m., said cover yarn is wound at a speed of about 5000 r.p.m., and said takeup means is rotated at a speed of about 26 r.p.m.
7. The method of claim 4 wherein said metallic yarn has a width of from inch to 4;; inch.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,798,359 3/1931 Slade 57-16 1,898,941 2/1933 Crossley 57-16 2,250,334 7/1941 Perry 57-16 XR 2,276,797 3/1942 Schlums 57-16 2,302,543 11/1942 Gift et a1. 57-16 2,454,405 11/1948 Powell 57-16 2,579,244 12/ 1951 Seifried 57-16 3,124,924 3/1964 Smith 57-18 3,166,885 1/1965 Bridgeman et a1. 57-17 FRANK J. COHEN, Primary Examiner.
30 D. WATKINS, Assistant Examiner.
US657601A 1967-08-01 1967-08-01 Apparatus and method for making metallic frieze yarns Expired - Lifetime US3382655A (en)

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US657601A US3382655A (en) 1967-08-01 1967-08-01 Apparatus and method for making metallic frieze yarns
GB6033/68A GB1180493A (en) 1967-08-01 1968-02-07 Improvements in or relating to the production of Metallic Frieze Yarns
FR1557379D FR1557379A (en) 1967-08-01 1968-03-20

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3508389A (en) * 1967-07-20 1970-04-28 Chavanoz Moulinage Retorderie Process and apparatus for producing novelty yarns
US3739563A (en) * 1972-02-10 1973-06-19 H Shear Core wrapping machine
US3834143A (en) * 1972-12-01 1974-09-10 C Menegatto Spindle unit for textile machine
US4015415A (en) * 1975-08-05 1977-04-05 Shoji Otsuki Twisting machine
US4232507A (en) * 1973-02-22 1980-11-11 Carlo Menegatto Apparatus and method for wrapping core yarns
US4262480A (en) * 1979-03-01 1981-04-21 Frederick A. Lowenstein Novelty yarn and method and apparatus of making same
US4290260A (en) * 1979-12-26 1981-09-22 Felice Lowenstein High denier non-plied frieze yarn and method of making the same
US4397142A (en) * 1981-12-07 1983-08-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coded threads and sheet material useful for making such coded threads
EP0123392A2 (en) * 1983-03-28 1984-10-31 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Threads for identification of garments
WO1998038365A1 (en) * 1997-02-25 1998-09-03 Viva-Sistems Di U. Vivarelli E C. S.A.S. A yarn comprising at least one identifiable fiber
US20090151139A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2009-06-18 Kim Hyun Chel Composite yarn and method of manufacturing the same
US20100132537A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2010-06-03 Generon Igs, Inc. Automatic lacer for bundles of polymeric fiber
US8033671B1 (en) 2007-08-10 2011-10-11 Technology Solutions & Invention Llc Retroreflective structures having a helical geometry
CN103437017A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-12-11 浙江凯发新材料有限公司 Composite functional silver-plated filament covered yarn and processing method for same
CN106757629A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-31 河北科技大学 A kind of multi-functional industry yarn machine
US20180355524A1 (en) * 2015-10-12 2018-12-13 Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives Incorporation of chip elements in a core yarn

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2438114B3 (en) * 1978-10-06 1980-10-31 Applic Gaz Sa
EP0222239B1 (en) * 1985-11-08 1990-10-24 VEB Kombinat Wolle und Seide, Meerane Stammbetrieb VEB Textilwerke Palla Electrically conductive combination yarn, and textile made of the same
TW201531605A (en) * 2014-02-03 2015-08-16 Apollo Sun Global Co Ltd Electrically conductive yarn and equipment for making the same

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1798359A (en) * 1928-04-05 1931-03-31 Slade Edward Manufacture of yarns
US1898941A (en) * 1931-03-04 1933-02-21 Crossley Norman Manufacture of yarns or threads
US2250334A (en) * 1940-04-13 1941-07-22 H & B American Machine Company Strand wrapping machine
US2276797A (en) * 1940-08-15 1942-03-17 Whitin Machine Works Thread covering apparatus
US2302543A (en) * 1941-08-09 1942-11-17 Filatex Corp Process and apparatus for covering elastic filaments
US2454405A (en) * 1946-04-19 1948-11-23 Branson Company Yarn feed for twisting machines
US2579244A (en) * 1946-12-12 1951-12-18 Goodrich Co B F Means for applying wound covering to elastic thread
US3124924A (en) * 1964-03-17 System and apparatus for making elastic yarn
US3166885A (en) * 1963-06-20 1965-01-26 Deering Milliken Res Corp Production of composite stretch yarns

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3124924A (en) * 1964-03-17 System and apparatus for making elastic yarn
US1798359A (en) * 1928-04-05 1931-03-31 Slade Edward Manufacture of yarns
US1898941A (en) * 1931-03-04 1933-02-21 Crossley Norman Manufacture of yarns or threads
US2250334A (en) * 1940-04-13 1941-07-22 H & B American Machine Company Strand wrapping machine
US2276797A (en) * 1940-08-15 1942-03-17 Whitin Machine Works Thread covering apparatus
US2302543A (en) * 1941-08-09 1942-11-17 Filatex Corp Process and apparatus for covering elastic filaments
US2454405A (en) * 1946-04-19 1948-11-23 Branson Company Yarn feed for twisting machines
US2579244A (en) * 1946-12-12 1951-12-18 Goodrich Co B F Means for applying wound covering to elastic thread
US3166885A (en) * 1963-06-20 1965-01-26 Deering Milliken Res Corp Production of composite stretch yarns

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3508389A (en) * 1967-07-20 1970-04-28 Chavanoz Moulinage Retorderie Process and apparatus for producing novelty yarns
US3739563A (en) * 1972-02-10 1973-06-19 H Shear Core wrapping machine
US3834143A (en) * 1972-12-01 1974-09-10 C Menegatto Spindle unit for textile machine
US4232507A (en) * 1973-02-22 1980-11-11 Carlo Menegatto Apparatus and method for wrapping core yarns
US4015415A (en) * 1975-08-05 1977-04-05 Shoji Otsuki Twisting machine
US4262480A (en) * 1979-03-01 1981-04-21 Frederick A. Lowenstein Novelty yarn and method and apparatus of making same
US4290260A (en) * 1979-12-26 1981-09-22 Felice Lowenstein High denier non-plied frieze yarn and method of making the same
US4397142A (en) * 1981-12-07 1983-08-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coded threads and sheet material useful for making such coded threads
EP0123392A2 (en) * 1983-03-28 1984-10-31 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Threads for identification of garments
EP0123392A3 (en) * 1983-03-28 1986-02-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Threads for identification of garments
WO1998038365A1 (en) * 1997-02-25 1998-09-03 Viva-Sistems Di U. Vivarelli E C. S.A.S. A yarn comprising at least one identifiable fiber
US8033671B1 (en) 2007-08-10 2011-10-11 Technology Solutions & Invention Llc Retroreflective structures having a helical geometry
US8157391B1 (en) 2007-08-10 2012-04-17 Technology Solutions & Invention Llc Methods of forming retroflective structures having a helical geometry
US20090151139A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2009-06-18 Kim Hyun Chel Composite yarn and method of manufacturing the same
US7886513B2 (en) * 2007-12-17 2011-02-15 Korea Institute For Knit Industry Composite yarn and method of manufacturing the same
US20100132537A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2010-06-03 Generon Igs, Inc. Automatic lacer for bundles of polymeric fiber
US8171710B2 (en) * 2008-12-03 2012-05-08 Generon Igs, Inc. Automatic lacer for bundles of polymeric fiber
CN103437017A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-12-11 浙江凯发新材料有限公司 Composite functional silver-plated filament covered yarn and processing method for same
US20180355524A1 (en) * 2015-10-12 2018-12-13 Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives Incorporation of chip elements in a core yarn
US10640892B2 (en) * 2015-10-12 2020-05-05 Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives Incorporation of chip elements in a core yarn
CN106757629A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-31 河北科技大学 A kind of multi-functional industry yarn machine

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GB1180493A (en) 1970-02-04
FR1557379A (en) 1969-02-14

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Owner name: MINNESOTA MINING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 3M CEN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:WASSERMAN, ALLEN;WASSERMAN, RONNES M.;REEL/FRAME:004265/0256

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Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:WASSERMAN, ALLEN;WASSERMAN, RONNES M.;REEL/FRAME:004265/0256

Effective date: 19840406