US3358684A - Parenteral injection devices - Google Patents

Parenteral injection devices Download PDF

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Publication number
US3358684A
US3358684A US43935265A US3358684A US 3358684 A US3358684 A US 3358684A US 43935265 A US43935265 A US 43935265A US 3358684 A US3358684 A US 3358684A
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Prior art keywords
cannula
injection
tissue
parenteral
device
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Marshall Gerald
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Marshall Gerald
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L29/00Materials for catheters, medical tubing, cannulae, or endoscopes or for coating catheters
    • A61L29/14Materials characterised by their function or physical properties, e.g. lubricating compositions
    • A61L29/148Materials at least partially resorbable by the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/158Needles for infusions; Accessories therefor, e.g. for inserting infusion needles, or for holding them on the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0067Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the distal end, e.g. tips
    • A61M25/0082Catheter tip comprising a tool
    • A61M25/0084Catheter tip comprising a tool being one or more injection needles
    • A61M2025/0089Single injection needle protruding axially, i.e. along the longitudinal axis of the catheter, from the distal tip
    • A61M2025/0091Single injection needle protruding axially, i.e. along the longitudinal axis of the catheter, from the distal tip the single injection needle being fixed

Description

Dec. 19, 1967 G. MARSHALL 3,358,684

PARENTERAL INJECTION DEVICES Filed March 12, 1965 INVENTOR. 635e, L a MA PJHA L L BYIWVQ 4 7' TOPNE rs.

United States Patent 3,358,684 PARENTERAL INJECTION DEVICES Gerald Marshall, 1649 Coventry Road, Cleveland Heights, Ohio 44118 Filed Mar. 12, 1965, Ser. No. 439,352 1 Claim. (Cl. 128-214.4)

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE There is disclosed herein a parenteral injection device having a cannula constructed of material impervious to body fluids and a body tissue penetrating end associated therewith, said end affording entry of the cannula within the tissue dissolvable by physiological process leaving a portion of the cannula indwelled within the tissue.

My invention relates to parenteral injection devices and relates more particularly to improvements in such devices.

I have particularly devised improvements in form sustaining conduits or cannulas, said cannulas having a parenteral injection device associated therewith, a portion of said device being adapted to dissolve after the initial penetration of the same into body tissues leaving a portion of the cannula indwelled therein.

In the past, when it has been found necessary to administer parenteral solutions over a period of time, and to use an in-dwelling cannula, after the venipuncture is performed, the needle is either left in place with consequent danger of puncture of the delicate vein tissue and straps or flaps have been used to hold the needle in place, or the needle is removed by withdrawing the same from the cannula which is diflicult to accomplish without destruction of the cannula or damage to the vein tissue.

It is an object of my invention to provide a parenteral injection device which, after initial penetration of the device into a vein, or the like, will not puncture further surrounding tissue.

It is a further object of my invention to provide a parenteral injection device so constructed that a cannula associated therewith can be indwelled in a definite position within the body.

Another object of my invention is to construct a parenteral injection device of the type referred to which will be relatively inexpensive to manufacture, being composed of but few parts, and relatively safe and highly efficient in use.

Other objects of my invention and the invention itself will become more readily apparent from a preview of the following drawings, in which drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a parenteral injection device and a portion of an associated cannula;

FIGURE 2 is a longitudinal sectional view similar to FIGURE 1 showing a modification thereof;

FIGURE 3 is a longitudinal view, partially in dotted lines, showing an injection needle and a portion of the cannula of FIGURE I inserted within a vein;

FIGURE 4 is a view similar to FIGURE 3 showing the cannula insert within the vein, the parenteral injection portion thereof having dissolved.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, in all of which like parts are designated by like reference characters, in the forms of my invention disclosed in FIG- URES 1 to 4, inclusive, at I show a hollow tubular shaft, i.e. a cannula which is preferably formed of either flexible or non-flexible form sustaining material, e.g. metal or a sterile plastic, for example, which may be connected to administration equipment, such as fluid drip bottles (not shown) or to a syringe (not shown). A parenteral injection device or hollow needle 11 may be preformed of relatively hard gelatin or plastic or other synthetic material and either telescoped and press fit within a cannula 10, as shown in FIGURE 1, or telescoped and press fit over the cannula 10, as shown in FIGURE 2, the said needle thus forming, prior to its entry within the patients body, a substantially integral part of the cannula.

The cannula may also be provided with a parenteral injection device or needle of the type shown in FIGURES 1 and 2 by coating either the inner wall or the outer wall of an end of a cannula with a dissolvable synthetic plastic or gel or other synthetic material capable of being autoclaved, or sterilized, and for this purpose a high-melt, relatively hard gelatin or plastic may be employed. The needle must be dissolvable for the purpose of the invention and is of the material used, for example, in capsules adapted for internal use and/ or adapted to be absorbed by enzyme action or other physiological process. It is provided with an outer sharpened edge either beveled and open, as shown at 12, for insertion or puncture of the vein or other body tissue into which the cannula is to be indwelled or sharpened and provided with a closed end adapted to penetrate the tissue.

The cannula 10 and its associated penetrating device 11 then is adapted to be inserted within a vein V, as shown, or other body tissue and the cutting edge of the device penetrates the same, as shown in FIGURE 3, the cannula associated therewith follows the needle into the vein or other body tissue, the penetrating portion or needle 11 subsequently dissolves, being subsequently absorbed into the blood stream or other tissue fluids, leaving the said cannula in place. The needle might, for example, be constructed of a thiolated gelatin material as described in U.S. Letters Patent No. 3,106,483, dated October 8, 1963. The cannula 10 is provided with edges, as best shown in FIGURE 4, which are relatively blunt and not cutting edges and which will not puncture the vein or other body tissue and the cannula being form sustaining, the flow of fluid therethrough is unimpeded.

Although I have disclosed my invention in connection with preferred embodiments, I am aware that other modifications may be made therein, and other uses secured therefor without, however, departing from the spirit of my invention and the scope of the appended claim.

What I claim is:

A parenteral injection device comprising a form-sustaining cannula constructed of material impervious to body fluids, said cannula having a body tissue penetrating sharpened needle end portion associated therewith, the penetrating end portion of the cannula being composed of a dissolvable substance, said end after entry of a portion of the cannula within the tissue dissolvable by physiological process leaving a portion of the cannula indwelled within said tissue.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,072,303 3/1937 Hermann et al. 128335.5 FOREIGN PATENTS 98,234 10/ 1924 Austria. 591,509 8/1947 Great Britain.

OTHER REFERENCES Ballinger et al., An Absorbable Intraluminal Tube for Operations Upon Coronary Arteries, from Surgery, vol. .55, #5, May 1964, pages 596-599.

DALTON L. TRULUCK, Primary Examiner.

US3358684A 1965-03-12 1965-03-12 Parenteral injection devices Expired - Lifetime US3358684A (en)

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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3506007A (en) * 1967-07-24 1970-04-14 Henkin Melvyn Lane Catheter-needle
US3598119A (en) * 1970-02-02 1971-08-10 Charles A White Continuous paracervical anesthesia method and device
US3645268A (en) * 1969-12-10 1972-02-29 Dagoberto Capote Disposable, presterilized, self-locating and piercing evacuator with ejector tube
US3780733A (en) * 1972-07-24 1973-12-25 Manzor M Martinez Catheter
US3884242A (en) * 1971-03-29 1975-05-20 Mpc Kurgisil Catheter assembly
US3888258A (en) * 1972-11-07 1975-06-10 Taichiro Akiyama Drain for the eardrum and apparatus for introducing the same
US3918456A (en) * 1974-11-19 1975-11-11 Kendall & Co Catheter unit for cholangiography
US4257421A (en) * 1979-01-10 1981-03-24 Health Development Corporation Gastro-intestinal tube guide and stiffener
US4323072A (en) * 1980-01-18 1982-04-06 Shiley, Incorporated Cannula for a vein distention system
US4838280A (en) * 1988-05-26 1989-06-13 Haaga John R Hemostatic sheath for a biopsy needle and method of use
US4861341A (en) * 1988-07-18 1989-08-29 Woodburn Robert T Subcutaneous venous access device and needle system
US4936835A (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-06-26 Haaga John R Medical needle with bioabsorbable tip
US4976704A (en) * 1989-07-17 1990-12-11 Mclees Donald J Moisture disabled needle
DE4000570A1 (en) * 1990-01-10 1991-07-11 Pfrimmer Viggo Gmbh Co Kg Probe for insertion into a body cavity
US5080655A (en) * 1988-05-26 1992-01-14 Haaga John R Medical biopsy needle
US5195988A (en) * 1988-05-26 1993-03-23 Haaga John R Medical needle with removable sheath
US5254105A (en) * 1988-05-26 1993-10-19 Haaga John R Sheath for wound closure caused by a medical tubular device
US5330445A (en) * 1988-05-26 1994-07-19 Haaga John R Sheath for wound closure caused by a medical tubular device
US5431639A (en) * 1993-08-12 1995-07-11 Boston Scientific Corporation Treating wounds caused by medical procedures
US5477862A (en) * 1994-03-14 1995-12-26 Haaga; John R. Cutting tip for biopsy needle
US5487392A (en) * 1993-11-15 1996-01-30 Haaga; John R. Biopxy system with hemostatic insert
US5749376A (en) * 1993-10-18 1998-05-12 Wilk; Peter J. Medical treatment and waste disposal method
US5873864A (en) * 1995-12-18 1999-02-23 Luther Medical Products, Inc. Catheter with beveled needle tip
US5951528A (en) * 1991-05-22 1999-09-14 Parkin; Adrian Hypodermic needles
US6371974B1 (en) * 1995-09-15 2002-04-16 Sub Q, Inc. Apparatus and method for percutaneous sealing of blood vessel punctures
WO2002047745A2 (en) * 2000-12-11 2002-06-20 Medtronic Minimed, Inc. Rigid soluble materials for use with needle-less infusion sets, sensor sets and injection devices and methods of making the same
US6638259B1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2003-10-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Biocompatible medical devices
US6663606B1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2003-12-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Biocompatible medical devices
US20050124571A1 (en) * 2001-04-27 2005-06-09 Wendy Naimark Microparticle protection of therapeutic agents
US20070197980A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2007-08-23 James Barry Biocompatible medical devices
US9180276B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2015-11-10 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Method involving use of an assembled indwelling assembly

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2072303A (en) * 1932-10-18 1937-03-02 Chemische Forschungs Gmbh Artificial threads, bands, tubes, and the like for surgical and other purposes
GB591509A (en) * 1945-03-26 1947-08-20 Raymond Nigel Roy A soluble lumen suture support

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2072303A (en) * 1932-10-18 1937-03-02 Chemische Forschungs Gmbh Artificial threads, bands, tubes, and the like for surgical and other purposes
GB591509A (en) * 1945-03-26 1947-08-20 Raymond Nigel Roy A soluble lumen suture support

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3506007A (en) * 1967-07-24 1970-04-14 Henkin Melvyn Lane Catheter-needle
US3645268A (en) * 1969-12-10 1972-02-29 Dagoberto Capote Disposable, presterilized, self-locating and piercing evacuator with ejector tube
US3598119A (en) * 1970-02-02 1971-08-10 Charles A White Continuous paracervical anesthesia method and device
US3884242A (en) * 1971-03-29 1975-05-20 Mpc Kurgisil Catheter assembly
US3780733A (en) * 1972-07-24 1973-12-25 Manzor M Martinez Catheter
US3888258A (en) * 1972-11-07 1975-06-10 Taichiro Akiyama Drain for the eardrum and apparatus for introducing the same
US3918456A (en) * 1974-11-19 1975-11-11 Kendall & Co Catheter unit for cholangiography
US4257421A (en) * 1979-01-10 1981-03-24 Health Development Corporation Gastro-intestinal tube guide and stiffener
US4323072A (en) * 1980-01-18 1982-04-06 Shiley, Incorporated Cannula for a vein distention system
US5195988A (en) * 1988-05-26 1993-03-23 Haaga John R Medical needle with removable sheath
US5447502A (en) * 1988-05-26 1995-09-05 Haaga; John R. Sheath for wound closure caused by a medical tubular device
FR2631811A1 (en) * 1988-05-26 1989-12-01 Haaga John Needle biopsy provided with a hemostatic sleeve
DE3917051A1 (en) * 1988-05-26 1989-12-07 John R Haaga Biopsy needle
US4936835A (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-06-26 Haaga John R Medical needle with bioabsorbable tip
US4838280A (en) * 1988-05-26 1989-06-13 Haaga John R Hemostatic sheath for a biopsy needle and method of use
US5330445A (en) * 1988-05-26 1994-07-19 Haaga John R Sheath for wound closure caused by a medical tubular device
US5254105A (en) * 1988-05-26 1993-10-19 Haaga John R Sheath for wound closure caused by a medical tubular device
US5080655A (en) * 1988-05-26 1992-01-14 Haaga John R Medical biopsy needle
US5573518A (en) * 1988-05-26 1996-11-12 Haaga; John R. Sheath for wound closure caused by a medical tubular device
US4861341A (en) * 1988-07-18 1989-08-29 Woodburn Robert T Subcutaneous venous access device and needle system
US4976704A (en) * 1989-07-17 1990-12-11 Mclees Donald J Moisture disabled needle
EP0437248A1 (en) * 1990-01-10 1991-07-17 N.V. Nutricia Catheter for introducing into a body cavity
DE4000570A1 (en) * 1990-01-10 1991-07-11 Pfrimmer Viggo Gmbh Co Kg Probe for insertion into a body cavity
US5951528A (en) * 1991-05-22 1999-09-14 Parkin; Adrian Hypodermic needles
WO1993025255A2 (en) * 1992-06-10 1993-12-23 Haaga John R Sheath for wound closure caused by a medical tubular device
WO1993025255A3 (en) * 1992-06-10 1994-02-17 John R Haaga Sheath for wound closure caused by a medical tubular device
US5431639A (en) * 1993-08-12 1995-07-11 Boston Scientific Corporation Treating wounds caused by medical procedures
US5749376A (en) * 1993-10-18 1998-05-12 Wilk; Peter J. Medical treatment and waste disposal method
US5718237A (en) * 1993-11-15 1998-02-17 Haaga; John R. Biopsy needle
US5487392A (en) * 1993-11-15 1996-01-30 Haaga; John R. Biopxy system with hemostatic insert
US5477862A (en) * 1994-03-14 1995-12-26 Haaga; John R. Cutting tip for biopsy needle
US6371974B1 (en) * 1995-09-15 2002-04-16 Sub Q, Inc. Apparatus and method for percutaneous sealing of blood vessel punctures
US5873864A (en) * 1995-12-18 1999-02-23 Luther Medical Products, Inc. Catheter with beveled needle tip
US8808272B2 (en) 1999-10-28 2014-08-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Biocompatible medical devices
US6638259B1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2003-10-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Biocompatible medical devices
US6663606B1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2003-12-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Biocompatible medical devices
US20070197980A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2007-08-23 James Barry Biocompatible medical devices
WO2002047745A2 (en) * 2000-12-11 2002-06-20 Medtronic Minimed, Inc. Rigid soluble materials for use with needle-less infusion sets, sensor sets and injection devices and methods of making the same
WO2002047745A3 (en) * 2000-12-11 2003-05-22 Medtronic Minimed Inc Rigid soluble materials for use with needle-less infusion sets, sensor sets and injection devices and methods of making the same
US20050124571A1 (en) * 2001-04-27 2005-06-09 Wendy Naimark Microparticle protection of therapeutic agents
US9180276B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2015-11-10 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Method involving use of an assembled indwelling assembly
US9700671B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2017-07-11 Terum Kabushiki Kaisha Indwelling assembly
US9265915B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2016-02-23 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Method of indwelling a needle assembly
US9352128B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2016-05-31 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Indwelling assembly
US9511207B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2016-12-06 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Method involving use of an assembled indwelling assembly
US9561325B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2017-02-07 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Indwelling assembly
US9186483B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2015-11-17 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Indwelling assembly

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Owner name: CABOT SAFETY INTERMEDIATE CORPORATION, DELAWARE

Free format text: RELEASE OF FIRST LIEN SECURITY INTEREST AT REEL/FRAME NO. 19520/0001;ASSIGNOR:BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.;REEL/FRAME:020733/0440

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Owner name: CABOT SAFETY INTERMEDIATE CORPORATION,DELAWARE

Free format text: RELEASE OF FIRST LIEN SECURITY INTEREST AT REEL/FRAME NO. 19520/0001;ASSIGNOR:BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.;REEL/FRAME:020733/0440

Effective date: 20080401