US3339065A - Post top mounted luminaire having axially mounted components - Google Patents

Post top mounted luminaire having axially mounted components Download PDF

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US3339065A
US3339065A US505798A US50579865A US3339065A US 3339065 A US3339065 A US 3339065A US 505798 A US505798 A US 505798A US 50579865 A US50579865 A US 50579865A US 3339065 A US3339065 A US 3339065A
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luminaire
base
globe
support
secured
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US505798A
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Jr Harold P Kelley
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General Electric Co
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General Electric Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S8/00Lighting devices intended for fixed installation
    • F21S8/08Lighting devices intended for fixed installation with a standard
    • F21S8/085Lighting devices intended for fixed installation with a standard of high-built type, e.g. street light
    • F21S8/088Lighting devices intended for fixed installation with a standard of high-built type, e.g. street light with lighting device mounted on top of the standard, e.g. for pedestrian zones
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/02Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being transformers, impedances or power supply units, e.g. a transformer with a rectifier

Description

g- 29, 1967 H. P. KELLEY, JR 3,339,065

POST TOP MOUNTED LUMINAIRE HAVTNC- AXIALLY MOUNTED COMPONENTS Filed Nov. 1, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet l g- 29, 1957 H. P. KELLEY, JR 3,339,065

MOUNTED COMPONENTS POST TOP MOUNTED LUMINAIRE HAVING AXIALLY 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed NOV. 1, 1965 United States Patent Cfilice g Y 7 3,339,065 IOST TOP MOUNTED LUMINAIRE HAVING AXIALLY MOUNTED COMPONENTS Harold P. Kelley, Jr., Henderson, N.C., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Filed Nov. 1, 1965, Ser. No. 505,798 Claims. (Cl. 240-25) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Post top luminaire comprises a frame in which a lamp socket, ballast transformer and capacitor are vertically mounted one over the other on the slipfitter and surrounded by a protective tubular member, a globe surrounding the electrical components, and a reflective canopy covering the upper opening of the globe.

The present invention relates to luminaires, and more particularly to luminaires of the type adapted to be mounted on the top of posts or the like.

It is an object of the invention to provide a luminaire of the above type which is weatherproof, provides relatively uniform illumination, and which has a minimum of parts which are readily assembled and disassembled for necessary maintenance of the luminaire.

It is a particular object of the invention to provide a luminaire of the above type employing a discharge lamp and electrical ballast components therefor, wherein the latter components are arranged for optimum cooling efiect.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description and the appended claims.

With the above objects in view, the present invention in a preferred embodiment relates to a luminaire comprising a tubular base member for attaching the luminaire to a post, elongated bracket means secured at its bottom end to the tubular base member and extending upwardly therefrom, a plurality of electrical components secured to the bracket means in vertically spaced relation to one another, lampholder means secured at the upper end of the bracket means, elongated connecting means secured at its lower end to the bracket means and extending up wardly therefrom, a globe having open bottom and top ends and tapering in diameter from top to bottom and mounted with its bottom end on the tubular base mem ber so as to surround the bracket means, and a hood secured to the elongated connecting means covering the open top of the globe.

The invention will be better understood from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is an elevational view, partly broken away, of an embodiment of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a detailed view of the interior supporting bracket and associated parts of the FIGURE 1 luminaire;

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of the interior sup porting bracket;

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary view in cross-section of the top portion of the luminaire; and

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary view in crosssection of the periphery of the luminaire hood and globe.

Referring now to the drawings, and particularly to FIGURE 1, there is shown a luminaire comprising a hood or canopy 1, globe 2, and tubular base 3, assembled as more fully described hereinafter and mounted on the upper end of post 4. As shown more clearly in FIGURE 2, tubular base 3 has a hollow cylindrical opening 5 in its lower portion which slips over vertical support post 4, such as a pipe, and is formed with an inwardly extending annular step portion 6 which rests on the top end of post 4 for seating the luminaire assembly thereon. A set screw 7 passing through the wall of tubular base 3 and engaging post 4 serves to hold base member 3 in position on the latter. Tubular base 3 is advantageously provided with a door 3a opening into its interior to provide access to the wiring connections therein whereby the electrical components of the luminaire are connected to the power supply. If desired, door 3a may be replaced by a photoelectric cell (not shown) for automatic control of the operation of the luminaire lamp in accordance with ambient light conditions, as well understood by those skilled in the art.

At its upper end, base member 3 is formed with a pair of upstanding projections 8, 8a, an annular step portion 9, and a peripheral ledge 10. Globe 2, typically made of a white or light-colored translucent plastic material, tapers downwardly with concave walls from its open top to its open bottom, where an annular inwardly directed flange 2a rests on ledge 10. Globe 2 and base member 3 are formed so that their exterior surfaces blend in a generally continuous configuration, as appears in FIG- URE 1. Secured to the upwardly projecting support lugs 8, So by bolts or other suitable means is a vertical bracket 11, shown more clearly in FIGURE 3, comprising an inverted U-shaped portion 11a and an intermediate transverse member 11b. Ballast transformer 12 hangs within the upper portion of bracket 11 by means of hangers 13, 13:: secured to the top web portion of bracket 11. Ballast capacitor 14 hangs within the lower portion of bracket 11 below transformer 12 by means of strap 15 which passes around capacitor 14 and through spaced apertures in transverse member 11b. Tubular shield member 16 closely surrounds bracket 11 and the ballast components mounted thereon, and extends upwardly from ledge 10 on which it rests to approximately the top of bracket 11. Overlying the top of tubular shield member 15 and substantially coextensive therewith is a perforated disc-shaped cover 17 which is secured to the top of bracket 11 by bolts (see FIGURE 2) or other suitable means. Cover 17 has a central opening for receiving a gasket as described below. The outer surface of shield member 16 is preferably of specular reflecting nature, such as provided by a reflective aluminum coating, for reasons mentioned hereinafter. As seen in FIGURE 2, the bottom opening of globe 2 is somewhat larger than the diameter of tubular shield member 16 to enable the globe to be inserted over the latter in assembling the parts.

Annular insulating gasket 25 fits concentrically within the central opening of cover 17 and separates a lampholder comprising socket 18 from the top of bracket 11, to which the lampholder is secured by screws 18a, 18b threaded into tapped holes in bracket 11. Socket 18 receives a lamp 19, such as a mercury vapor discharge lamp, extending vertically above the upper opening of globe 2 and into canopy 1, substantially in alignment with the vertical axis of the luminaire.

An elongated connecting member or rod 20, secured at its lower end to one side of bracket 11 by bolts or other suitable means, extends upwardly along lamp 19 and has an offset upper portion 20a which extends axially above lamp 19 and has a threaded upper end portion.

Canopy 1 which covers the upper opening of globe 2 overlaps the rim of the globe, and, as seen in FIGURE 5, is provided with a resilient gasket 21 for fluid-tightly sealing the joint therebetween. Canopy 1 is of generally frusto-conical form and has a web portion 1a at its top (see FIGURE 4) formed with a central aperture 1b through which the upper end of connecting rod 20 passes. In overlapping engagement with the top of canopy 1 is a conical cap 22 formed with a threaded socket 23 for receiving the threaded end of support rod 20 and having a 3 slot 24 for receiving a tool, such as the shaft of a screw driver or other elongated tool, for screwing cap 22 onto rod 20. Cap 22 is cut away on the outside of the slotforming portion to receive a wrench which may be alternatively used for tightening cap 22 on rod 20 as desired. When cap 22 is screwed onto the threaded end of rod 20, it forces canopy 1 and globe 2 together and onto tubular base 3 to form a unitary assembly. In addition, the complementary conical surfaces of cap 22 and canopy I serve during such tightening to center the luminaire parts.

The interior surface of canopy 1, which is typically made of aluminum, has a specular reflecting surface, and thus reflects the light of lamp 19 to the reflecting surface of tubular shield 16, which in turn redirects the light outwardly towards the lower portion of globe 2. As a result, globe 2 emits relatively uniform illumination throughout its extent.

A particular feature of the invention is the vertical disposition of ballast transformer 12 above capacitor 14 on bracket 11. Such arrangement not only provides for a compact, unitary mounting of the ballast components which facilitates assembly procedures, but also affords improved thermal conditions affecting these components. In its position below transformer 12, capacitor 14 is out of the path of rising heat generated in the transformer (as well as in lamp 19) during operation of the luminaire. The presence of tubular member 16 surrounding bracket 11 contributes to a chimney effect whereby air convection currents pass upwardly along the ballast components carrying heat away therefrom as cooler air from pipe 4 is drawn up into tube 16. Thus, the operating temperature of the luminaire components is desirably reduced. Tubular member 16 in conjunction with perforated disc 17 also serves to protect servicing personnel from inadvertent contact with electrical components contained therein, as well as keeping tools from such contact, in the course of replacement of the lamp or removal of the globe.

The joints between base member 3 and globe 2, between globe 2 and canopy 1, and between canopy 1 and cap 22, as shown and described, effectively prevent entry of rain and other elements of weather into the interior of the luminaire. The parts are constructed, furthermore, so as to permit ready assembly in the proper relationship and alignment with a minimum of time, tools and effort.

While the present invention has been described with reference to particular embodiments thereof, it will be understood that numerous modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without actually departing from the scope of the invention. Therefore, the appended claims are intended to cover all such equivalent variations as come within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A luminaire comprising, in combination, a base member, a globe mounted on said base member, hood means overlying said globe and defining therewith an interior chamber, support means within said interior chamber secured at its bottom to said base member, and lampholder means secured to said support means; said base member, support means and lampholder means being substantially aligned with each other along an axis, with said support means arranged between said base member below it and said lampholder means above it, and a plurality of electrical components mounted on said support means and spaced along said axis.

2. A luminaire as defined in claim 1, wherein said electrical components comprise a ballast transformer and a ballast capacitor, said ballast transformer being arranged above said ballast capacitor.

3. A luminaire as defined in claim 2, and a tubular member surrounding said support means and said electrical components mounted thereon, a space being defined between said electrical components and said tubular member extending upwardly for passage of air convection currents along said electrical components.

4. A luminaire comprising, in combination, a base member, a globe mounted on said base member, hood means overlying said globe and defining therewith an interior chamber, support means within said interior chamber secured at its bottom to said base member, means connecting said hood means to said support means, and lampholder means secured to said support means; said base member, support means and lampholder means being substantially aligned along an axis, a plurality of electrical components mounted on said support means and spaced along said axis and comprising a ballast transformer and a ballast capacitor, said ballast transformer being arranged between said lampholder means and said ballast capacitor, a tubular member surrounding said support means and said electrical components mounted thereon, the interior surface of said hood means and the exterior surface of said tubular member being light reflective.

5. A luminaire comprising, in combination, a base member, a globe mounted on said base member, hood means overlying said globe and defining therewith an interior chamber, support means within said interior chamber secured at its bottom to said base member, means conecting said hood means to said support means,

and lampholder means secured to said support means;

said base member, support means and lampholder means being substantially aligned along an axis, a plurality of electrical components mounted on said support means and spaced along said axis and comprising a ballast transformer and a ballast capacitor, said ballast transformer being arranged between said lampholder means and said ballast capacitor, said support means comprising an inverted elongated U-shaped bracket having a top web portion and a transverse member intermediate its ends, said ballast transformer being secured to said web portion and said ballast capacitor being secured to said transverse member.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,905,808 9/1959 Wince 240--52 2,963,574 12/1960 Pfaff 240-51.l2 3,086,106 4/ 1963 Andrews 240-25 3,170,635 2/ 1965 Curtin 240-25 3,225,187 12/1965 Curtin 240-25 FOREIGN PATENTS 813,648 5/ 1959 Great Britain.

NORTON ANSHER, Primary Examiner. W. M. FRYE, Assistant Examiner,

Claims (1)

1. A LUMINAIRE COMPRISING, IN COMBINATION, A BASE MEMBER, A GLOBE MOUNTED ON SAID BASE MEMBER, HOOD MEANS OVERLYING SAID GLOBE AND DEFINING THEREWITH AN INTERIOR CHAMBER, SUPPORT MEANS WITHIN SAID INTERIOR CHAMBER SECURED AT ITS BOTTOM TO SAID BASE MEMBER, AND LAMPHOLDER MEANS SECURED TO SAID SUPPORT MEANS; SAID BASE MEMBER, SUPPORT MEANS AND LAMPHOLDER MEANS BEING SUBSTANTIALLY ALIGNED WITH EACH OTHER ALONG AN AXIS, WITH SAID SUPPORT MEANS ARRANGED BETWEEN SAID BASE MEMBER BELOW IT AND SAID LAMPHOLDER MEANS ABOVE IT, AND A PLURALITY OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS MOUNTED ON SAID SUPPORT MEANS AND SPACED ALONG SAID AXIS.
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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3463917A (en) * 1967-02-14 1969-08-26 Holophane Co Inc Post top-mounted luminaire
US3478200A (en) * 1967-04-04 1969-11-11 E W Bliss Co Of Canada Ltd Combined street light and identification sign structure
US3610919A (en) * 1968-09-20 1971-10-05 Westinghouse Electric Corp Compact area lighting luminaire
US3705300A (en) * 1971-04-22 1972-12-05 Gen Electric Luminaire
US3784806A (en) * 1972-05-04 1974-01-08 Gen Electric Luminaire
US3895226A (en) * 1972-10-02 1975-07-15 Gen Electric Luminaire
US3992618A (en) * 1975-01-02 1976-11-16 Matthews Merritt A Grill illuminating means
US4064432A (en) * 1976-06-11 1977-12-20 Kim Lighting, Inc. Tenon for mounting a lighting fixture
US4115842A (en) * 1976-07-29 1978-09-19 International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation Flashlight and flashlight charging receptacle
FR2388204A1 (en) * 1977-04-20 1978-11-17 Zimmermann Kg Rudolf Standard lamp with integral socket - has bracket connecting socket to support plate on standard column and has flange between plate and tube
FR2643702A1 (en) * 1989-02-24 1990-08-31 Roux Philippe Dismountable outside lighting lamp stand
DE9106969U1 (en) * 1991-06-06 1992-03-26 Vulkan Werk Fuer Industrie- Und Aussenbeleuchtung Gmbh, 5000 Koeln, De
EP0823588A3 (en) * 1996-08-08 1999-05-06 Vulkan Werk für Industrie- und Aussenbeleuchtung GmbH Wiring assembly for a lamp, in particular for a pole mounted lamp
US8672505B1 (en) * 2010-01-22 2014-03-18 Hogan M. Hogan Solar post and pile cover
USD739066S1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-09-15 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Luminaire for road lighting
USD739589S1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-09-22 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Luminaire for road lighting
USD740990S1 (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-10-13 Schreder, S.A. Outdoor lighting fixture
USD800940S1 (en) * 2015-04-10 2017-10-24 Iguzzini Illuminazione S.P.A. Lamp for outdoor use

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB813648A (en) * 1956-09-14 1959-05-21 Gen Electric Co Ltd Improvements in or relating to electric lighting fittings
US2905808A (en) * 1956-08-10 1959-09-22 Holophane Co Inc Outdoor lighting fixtures
US2963574A (en) * 1958-11-13 1960-12-06 Pfaff & Kendall Outdoor lighting fixture
US3086106A (en) * 1960-08-22 1963-04-16 Andrews Alvadore Marcellus Lantern
US3170635A (en) * 1962-08-15 1965-02-23 Mc Graw Edison Co Luminaire assembly
US3225187A (en) * 1963-03-29 1965-12-21 Mc Graw Edison Co Luminaire assembly

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2905808A (en) * 1956-08-10 1959-09-22 Holophane Co Inc Outdoor lighting fixtures
GB813648A (en) * 1956-09-14 1959-05-21 Gen Electric Co Ltd Improvements in or relating to electric lighting fittings
US2963574A (en) * 1958-11-13 1960-12-06 Pfaff & Kendall Outdoor lighting fixture
US3086106A (en) * 1960-08-22 1963-04-16 Andrews Alvadore Marcellus Lantern
US3170635A (en) * 1962-08-15 1965-02-23 Mc Graw Edison Co Luminaire assembly
US3225187A (en) * 1963-03-29 1965-12-21 Mc Graw Edison Co Luminaire assembly

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3463917A (en) * 1967-02-14 1969-08-26 Holophane Co Inc Post top-mounted luminaire
US3478200A (en) * 1967-04-04 1969-11-11 E W Bliss Co Of Canada Ltd Combined street light and identification sign structure
US3610919A (en) * 1968-09-20 1971-10-05 Westinghouse Electric Corp Compact area lighting luminaire
US3705300A (en) * 1971-04-22 1972-12-05 Gen Electric Luminaire
US3784806A (en) * 1972-05-04 1974-01-08 Gen Electric Luminaire
US3895226A (en) * 1972-10-02 1975-07-15 Gen Electric Luminaire
US3992618A (en) * 1975-01-02 1976-11-16 Matthews Merritt A Grill illuminating means
US4064432A (en) * 1976-06-11 1977-12-20 Kim Lighting, Inc. Tenon for mounting a lighting fixture
US4115842A (en) * 1976-07-29 1978-09-19 International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation Flashlight and flashlight charging receptacle
FR2388204A1 (en) * 1977-04-20 1978-11-17 Zimmermann Kg Rudolf Standard lamp with integral socket - has bracket connecting socket to support plate on standard column and has flange between plate and tube
FR2643702A1 (en) * 1989-02-24 1990-08-31 Roux Philippe Dismountable outside lighting lamp stand
DE9106969U1 (en) * 1991-06-06 1992-03-26 Vulkan Werk Fuer Industrie- Und Aussenbeleuchtung Gmbh, 5000 Koeln, De
EP0823588A3 (en) * 1996-08-08 1999-05-06 Vulkan Werk für Industrie- und Aussenbeleuchtung GmbH Wiring assembly for a lamp, in particular for a pole mounted lamp
US8672505B1 (en) * 2010-01-22 2014-03-18 Hogan M. Hogan Solar post and pile cover
USD739066S1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-09-15 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Luminaire for road lighting
USD739589S1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-09-22 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Luminaire for road lighting
USD740990S1 (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-10-13 Schreder, S.A. Outdoor lighting fixture
USD800940S1 (en) * 2015-04-10 2017-10-24 Iguzzini Illuminazione S.P.A. Lamp for outdoor use

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