US3275822A - Fluorescent luminaire - Google Patents

Fluorescent luminaire Download PDF

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Publication number
US3275822A
US3275822A US345894A US34589464A US3275822A US 3275822 A US3275822 A US 3275822A US 345894 A US345894 A US 345894A US 34589464 A US34589464 A US 34589464A US 3275822 A US3275822 A US 3275822A
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Prior art keywords
refractor
chassis
luminaire
light
sections
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Expired - Lifetime
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US345894A
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Vearl S Wince
Carl X Meyer
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Emerson Electric Co
Holophane Corp
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Emerson Electric Co
Holophane Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V3/00Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S8/00Lighting devices intended for fixed installation
    • F21S8/04Lighting devices intended for fixed installation intended only for mounting on a ceiling or the like overhead structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S8/00Lighting devices intended for fixed installation
    • F21S8/04Lighting devices intended for fixed installation intended only for mounting on a ceiling or the like overhead structures
    • F21S8/06Lighting devices intended for fixed installation intended only for mounting on a ceiling or the like overhead structures by suspension
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V17/00Fastening of component parts of lighting devices, e.g. shades, globes, refractors, reflectors, filters, screens, grids or protective cages
    • F21V17/10Fastening of component parts of lighting devices, e.g. shades, globes, refractors, reflectors, filters, screens, grids or protective cages characterised by specific fastening means or way of fastening
    • F21V17/14Bayonet-type fastening
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V21/00Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices; Hand grips
    • F21V21/005Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices; Hand grips for several lighting devices in an end-to-end arrangement, i.e. light tracks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/001Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being electrical wires or cables
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/02Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being transformers, impedances or power supply units, e.g. a transformer with a rectifier
    • F21V23/026Fastening of transformers or ballasts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V5/00Refractors for light sources
    • F21V5/02Refractors for light sources of prismatic shape
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V7/00Reflectors for light sources
    • F21V7/0008Reflectors for light sources providing for indirect lighting
    • F21V7/0016Reflectors for light sources providing for indirect lighting on lighting devices that also provide for direct lighting, e.g. by means of independent light sources, by splitting of the light beam, by switching between both lighting modes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V7/00Reflectors for light sources
    • F21V7/0091Reflectors for light sources using total internal reflection
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2103/00Elongate light sources, e.g. fluorescent tubes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2113/00Combination of light sources

Description

Sept. 27, 1966 v. s. WINCE ETAL 3,275,822

FLUORESCENT LUMINAIRE Filed Feb. 19, 1964 6 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS 1 5424 .5. W/WE ATTORNE Y Sept. 7, 1966 v. s. WINCE ETAL FLUORESCENT LUMINAIRE 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 19, 1964 W iWrLWW g INVENTORS V5421. M/vce' [4P4 X-MEYEF Sept. 27, 1966 v. s. WINCE ETAL FLUORESCENT LUMINAIRE 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Feb. 19, 1964 P 1966 v. s. WlNCE ETAL I 3,275,822

FLUORESCENT LUMINAIRE Filed Feb. 19, 1964 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 ATTORNE Y5 Sept. 27, 1966 v. SMWINCE ETAL FLUORESCENT LUMINAIRE 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Feb. 19, 1964 INVENTORS' Mam. .5 MAM (3404 X. M275? p 1966' v. s.wn- 1c|-: ETAL 3,275,822

7 FLUORESCENT LUMINAIRE Filed Feb. 19, 1964 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 INVENTORS 1 54/94 63 Wwca (/1194 X. Mays/e ORNEXS United States Patent 3,275,822 FLUORESCENT LUMINAIRE Vearl S. Wince, Newark, Ohio, and Carl X. Meyer, St.

Louis, Mo., assignors of one-half to Holophane Company, Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware, and one-half to Emerson Electric Manufacturing Company, St. Louis, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Filed Feb. 19, 1964, Ser. No. 345,894 4 Claims. (Cl. 240-5111) The present invention relates to direct lighting fluorescent luminaries for use in building interiors and in particular to such luminaires which provide both upward and endward components of lights for the purpose of relieving brightness contrast between the units and surrounding ceiling areas and between units.

Luminaires of the type described can be mounted close to the ceiling surface or suspended below the ceiling on stems. The refractors of such luminaires provide for the major portion of light emanating from the fluorescent lamps to be directed downwardly with a minimum amount of light being sent into glare zones, for instance, between 60 degrees and 90 degrees from nadir. A small part of the light from the lamps is directed upwardly to light the ceiling around the unit and to thereby relieve the brightness contrast between the unit and surrounding ceiling area.

However, dark areas usually occur directly above the luminaires.

-It is an object of this invention to prevent dark areas from occurring directly above the luminaire and to such end, the refractor of the luminaire of the invention is provided with an upper generally horizontally disposed wall to direct light into these normally dark areas.

Another problem arises with lmninaires of the type described in that the fixture chassis thereof is normally constructed in four foot and eight foot lengths whereas the refractor is usually made only in four foot lengths. It is common practice to install such luminaires in continuous rows with the refractors in each luminaire butted together or with opaque material separators between their ends. In such installations, it is practically impossible to make the ends of refractors align because of manufacturing tolerances and to make the ends of the fixtures align because of unevenness in most ceilings on which the units are mounted. Furthermore, the opaque metal parts between the refractors and at the ends of the fixtures are quite dark and unsightly in appearance.

It is an object of the present invention to overcome these difficulties by first, providing the fixture with embossed ends to give them thickness so that when the units are butted together the ends of the refractors are separated 'by sufficient distance to make it difiicult to discern any normal misalignment.

Secondly, the fixture ends are constructed so that they are smaller in area than the retract-or and the refractor is provided with end walls extending outwardly of the fixture ends both laterally and downwardly thereof.

The invention contemplates that the fixture ends cover mainly the non-luminous area at the end of the unit and the remaining area (in end elevation) is filled by the light directing end wall of the refractor, which is molded integrally with the refractor and, as previously stated, extends laterally and downwardly from the fixture end. In accordance with the invention, light to these walls is directed onto and illuminates the embossed edges of the ends of the fixtures.

As a result of the above considerations and objections of the invention, the refractor is provided with narrow horizontal segments on either side of the top thereof and the ends of these tops along with the ends of the side the end walls.

walls and bottom of the refractor are integrally molded with the ends of the refractor. Therefore, it is also contemplated by this invention to utilize this structure, particularly the horizontal top segments in providing a hinge structure for ready access for maintenance of the interior portions of the luminaires.

In this respect it is an object of the invention to provide horizontal top segments for the refractor which not only direct light into desirable directions but also are used to support the refractor from the fixture.

The supporting arrangement is such that the unit can readily be opened by moving the refractor sideways a short distance towards either side thus providing clearance between one of the top horizontal segments and the fixture to allow the refractor to be swung open. From its open position it can readily be lifted old? for cleaning.

For the purpose of positioning the refractor in the closed position, fixture springs depending from the fixture fit into notches in the refractor ends. 'It is a further object of the invention to provide various knock-out covered holes of different sizes in the ends of the fixture which will allow several methods of mounting and Wiring with only the one standard fixture.

In manufacturing a refractor to be utilized in the luminaire to be described, there is required a rather complicated mold construction with interior parts which move to allow the formed refractor to be taken from the mold. These movable parts must slide along the inner faces of This being so the end wall inner surface must be free of any configuration.

It is therefore an object of the invention to provide external pr-ismson end walls of the refractor which provide both diffusion and vertical light control.

Other and further objects of thisinvention will be apparent from the following description and claims and may be understood by reference to the accompanying drawings which by way of illustration show preferred embodiments of the invention and what is now considered to be the best mode of applying the principles thereof.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a luminaire embodying the invention and is shown suspended from a ceiling;

FIG. 2 is a transverse sectional view of the luminaire in FIG. 1, detailing the optics of the refractor thereof;

FIG. 3 is a section taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a section taken along line 44 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a transverse sectional view of the luminaire through an end portion and center portion thereof;

FIG. 6 is a longitudinal cross section of a luminaire of the invention having two refractors within a single chassis;

FIG. 7 is a transverse sectional view illustrating diagrammatically the hinging action of .the luminaire;

FIG. 8 is a plan view of a portion of the bottom of the refractor;

FIG. 9 is a partially exploded perspective view of chassis, as seen from below;

FIG. 10 is a partially assembled perspective View of the chassis, as seen from below;

FIG. 11 is a side elevational view of the refractor;

FIG. 12 is a partial end elevational view and a partial transverse sectional view of the refractor;

FIG. 13 is a top plan view of the refractor, and

FIG. 14 is a perspective view illustrating a method of connecting a plurality of the luminaires.

Referring now more in detail to the drawings, wherein similar reference numerals identify corresponding parts throughout the several views, 10 represents a fluorescent luminaire, substantially as shown.

The luminaire 10 includes two major sections, a chassis 12 and a refractor 14. The chassis supports the refractor and a pair of linear fluorescent lamps 16, as wil be explained more fully hereinbelow.

the

along the length of bottom 18 and ends 22 integrally formed with the bottom and sides, and extending along the width of bottom 18. Ends 22 include a cut-out area 24 into which a portion of the chassis is fitted, as described hereinbelow. Ledges 26 integrally formed with the upper edgesof sides extend inwardly a short distance 'as seen in FIG. 2.

The bottom 18 carries a plurality of cut-off cones 28 upon .the lower or outer face thereof, arranged in the pattern shown in FIG. 8. Small cut0ff linear prisms 30 extend through the cone pattern, as shown, and afford a decorative appearance. Referring to FIG. 2, cut-off cones 28 are designed to direct light rays 32, emanating from lamps 16, in generally downward directions and screen out light which would be emitted in the glare zone, that is from 60 to 90 degrees. Thus, rays 32 incident upon bottom 18 emerge as rays 34 in a direction 60 degrees or less, as measured from nadir.

A plurality of horizontally extending refracting prisms 36 are carried on the inner faces of sides 20. As best understood, by reference to FIG. 2, the upper face 38 of prisms 36 is designed to direct light rays 40 incident thereon in a downward direction as indicated by emergent rays 42. The lower face 44 directs the incident light rays in an upward direction as indicated by emergent rays 46. As illustrated by the drawings a glare free zone is thereby created between 60 and 90 degrees. A plurality of vertically extending cut-off prisms 48, carried by the outer face of sides 20 serve to control the lateral light in longitudinal directions.

A plurality of linear prisms are disposed upon the top face of ledges 26. Linear prisms 50 are designed to direct the light incident upon the inner faceof the ledge such that the rays emerging from the ledge are contained in a zone approximately between .points 52.and 54 (as shown in FIG. 2) upon ceiling 56. Some of the light incident upon the inner face of ledge 26 reaches the face directly from lamps 16, as shown by ray 58 and is reflected by face 60 through face 62,. where it emerges as ray 64.-

Additional scattered light rays reflected from'the cut-off cones 28. and cut-off prisms 48 are also transmitted through ledge 26. Thus, ray 66 reflected off cones 28 emerges from ledge 26 as ray 68 and ray 70 reflected off prisms 48 emerges from ledge 26 as ray 72.

As indicated previously, the manufacture of a refractor of the shape shown herein requires a rather complicated mold construction with interior parts which moveto allow the formed refractor to be taken from the mold- These movable parts must be able to slide along the inner face of ends 22, thus the inner face must be free from configuration, such as light controlling prisms. Therefore, prisms 74 on the outer face of ends.22 must provide both diffusion and vertical control of the light emitted therethrough.

Turning now to FIGS. 3 and 4, prisms 74 include an upper face 76 set at an angle to emit light incident thereon in angles below 60 degrees, as illustrated by incident ray 78 and emergent ray 80, or is reflected downwardly and out through lower face 82 as illustrated by incident ray.

84 and emergent ray 86. Light incident on lower face 82 at angles similar to ray 88 are reflected upwardly and illuminate the edge of end plate 90 as illustrated .by emergent ray 92. Lateral diffusion is obtained by curving prisms 74 as shown moreclearly in FIG. 4, wherein incident rays 93 emerge as rays 95.

Turning now to a detailed description of chassis 12, as best seen in FIGS. 5, 6, 9,'and 10, upper lateral housing sections 94 are welded to central wiring channel 96. Flanges 98' integral with and extending outwardly from sections 94 serve to support refractor 14. The refractor is supported on chassis flanges 98 by refractor ,ledge flanges 100 at the corners. The ledge flanges rest upon the top face of the chassis flange when the refractor is in its operating position.

The refractor, when it is in its operating position is centered transversely by refractor centering spring 102 which engage. notches 104 centrally positioned in endsv 22. Refractor centering springs 102 are bolted to socket;

' saddles 106 by screws 108. As seen in FIG. 7, to open the luminaire it is merely necessary to push or pull the refractor transversely to disengage springs 102 from notches 104 and move the refractor'into the position shown by the dot-dash lines. fractor is supported along one side by refractor ledge flanges 100 engaging grooves 110 in housing section 94. From this position the refractor can also be removed from the chassis for cleaning purposes. To install the refractor. or return it to its operating position the. above described sequence of operations is simply reversed.

Wiring channel 96 is enclosed by cover 112. Cover 112 is held in place by friction projections 114 which en-v gage depressions -116 in channel 96. Throughout most of its length the lower face of cover 112 is V-shaped as shown at 118, the most efficient shape found. to reflect the light from laterally located lamps 16. The shape of cover 112, however, is modified as shown at-120 to accommodate the ballast assembly 122,1utilized in the luminaire. The

recessed panel 124 contacts the lower face of the ballast assembly and thereby converts cover 112 into a conductor which serves to transfer. heat fromthe ballast assembly 122..

Socket saddles 106 also serve to support lamp holders 126. Socket saddles l06 are connected to flanges 1 28 of channel 96 by screws 130. Lamp holders 126 are secured by screws 132 which engage lugs 134 of socket saddles 106. The saddle is formed to cover the wiring between the lamp holders and wiring channel 96. Projections 13.6

. serve to space thechassis below ceiling 56, when mounted adjacent thereto, a distance suflicient to-allow air circulation therebetween, thus dissipating some of the heat generated by the ballast assembly and lamps.

As best seen in FIG. 6, end plate 90 is fastened to the chassis by twist lugs;1-38 which extend through slots in upper housing sections 94, and by .tapping screw 142 'which screws into lug 144. A flush conduit knockout 146 is provided for surface wiring or for running wires between adjacent luminaires. Knockout 146 .is covered by a decorative cemented on foil cover 148, cemented on to the exterior of indented panel 90A and of end plate 90. A metal insert 150 positioned inwa-rdly of and adjacent knockout 146 is welded to the inner face of end plate 90. Insert 150 includes a hushed-hole 152 which is positioned in line with knockout 146. End plate 90 is also looked to chassis 12 by tab 154 welded to end plate 90 and whic fits in slot 156 of saddle 106.

When it is desired to mount the luminaires end to end, knockout 146 is removed. Bushed-hole 152, in axial alignment with knockout: 146, now provides a bushed opening to run the necessary connecting electrical wires therethrough. If instead it is decided to attach the wires after knockout 146.is removed hushed-hole 152would no longer be necessary, and furthermore would interfere with the conduit installation. 7 In that case the insert 150 is remove-d by twisting until it breaks off at the partially sheared line 158. V I

When the luminaires are fastened togethenend to end,

- small screw holes 160 and162, closed by knockouts, are

' the units are butted togethenprojecting screws 164 will extend through holes 162. Nuts are then screwed onto the ends. of screws 1:64 thereby locking the luminaires together.

In this position the re-.

The end plates 90 are embossed at 166, as best seen in FIG. 1 to give the ends of the luminaires suflicient thickness to separate the refractors when the luminaires are butted together thereby making it difiicult to discern any normal misalignment between the luminaires.

In installations where nominal eight foot long fixtures are used, lateral housings 94 and central wiring at channels 96 extend the complete length of the fixture while the wiring channel covers 112 and refractors 14 may be the same length as utilized in a nominal four foot unit, and as shown in FIG. 6, modified ends 168 depend from modified saddles 106A via conventional means, and extend about the innerend peripheries of wiring channel covers 112 and about the sides of lateral housing 94 and central wiring channel 96, adjacent the outer surface of end walls 22. This construction, provided along the longitudinal center of the fixture simulates the appearance of two four-foot luminaires bolted together.

While various embodiments of the invention have been shown in detail to illustrate the application of the inventive principle, it should be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.

What has been described is believed to be the best embodiments of the invention. However, it is not-intended to confine the invention to the embodiments shown. What is desired to be covered by letters Patent is set forth in the following claims.

What is claimed:

1. A luminaire, comprising a chassis, a plurality of linear fluorescent lamps mounted within said chassis, said chassis including flanges extending along the length of the chassis parallel to said lamps, and a refractor mounted on said chassis, said refractor including a bottom section, two spaced side sections extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of said lamps and connected to and extending upwardly from said bottom section, a ledge connected to the top of each side section and extending inwardly towards said lamps substantially parallel with said bottom section, and ,two spaced end sections connected to said bottom and side sections and extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of said lamps, said ledges being supported on said chassis flanges, the bottom section of said refractor including a plurality of light cut-off means for screening out light emitted by said lamps, from predetermined glare angles, said side sections including horizontally extending prism means on the inner face of said side sections for directing light, emitted by said lamps, in directions above and below the predetermined glare angles, said side sections also including vertically extending prism means on the outer face of said side sections for controlling light transmitted therethrough in longitudinal directions, said ledges including linear prism means on the outer face of said ledges for directing light transmitted therethrough directly above said luminaire, said end sections including prism means carried by the outer face of said end sections, for directing a portion of the light transmitted therethrough in a predetermined downward direction, and for directing another portion of light transmitted therethrough in an upward direction to illuminate end portions of said chassis, and for laterally ditfusing the light transmitted therethrough.

2. A luminaire as in claim 1 wherein said chassis further includes channel means for enclosing and holding a ballast assembly and wiring therefor, spring means engaging said refractor for centering said refractor, and end plate means, said end plate means including means connecting next adjacent luminaires mounted end to end therewith.

' 3. A luminaire as in claim 2 including means for hinging said refractor on said chassis and said means comprises said ledges overlying said channel flanges, said refractor being movable laterally.

4. A luminaire, comprising a chassis, a refractor connected to said chassis, linear fluorescent lamp means connected to said chassis for providing a source of light, said refractor including a bottom section, two parallel spaced side sections extending the length of said bottom section and connected thereto, a ledge integrally connected to the top of each side section and extending inwardly, substantially parallel to said bottom section, linear prism means on the outer face of said ledge for directing light transmitted therethrough above the luminaire, said bottom section including a plurality of light cut-ofif means for screening out light emitted by said lamp means from a predetermined glare zone, said side section including horizontally extending prism means on the inner face of each side section for directing light emitted by said lamp means in direction outside of a predetermined glare zone and vertically extending prism means on the outer face of said side sections for controlling light transmitted therethrough in longitudinal directions, two parallel spaced end sections extending the width of said bottom sections and connected thereto, said end sections including prism means positioned on the outer face of the end sections for directing a portion of the light emitted by said lamp means in a predetermined downward direction and for directing another portion of light in an upward direction and for laterally dilfusing the light transmitted through said prism means.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,887,568 5/1959 Franck 24093 3,089,024 5/1963 Odle 240106 X 3,120,929 2/1964 Henning 240-5l.l1 3,159,352 12/1964 Wakefield et a1. 24093 X NORTON ANSHER, Primary Examiner.

CHARLES R. RHODES, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

  1. 4. A LUMINAIRE, COMPRISING A CHASSIS, A REFRACTOR CONNECTED TO SAID CHASSIS, LINEAR FLUORESCENT LAMP MEANS CONNECTED TO SAID CHASSIS FOR PROVIDING A SOURCE OF LIGHT, SAID REFRACTOR INCLUDING A BOTTOM SECTION, TWO PARALLEL SPACED SIDE SECTIONS EXTENDING THE LENGTH OF SAID BOTTOM SECTION AND CONNECTED THERETO, A LEDGE INTEGRALLY CONNECTED TO THE TOP OF EACH SIDE SECTION AND EXTENDING INWARDLY, SUBSTANTIALLY PARALLEL TO SAID BOTTOM SECTION, LINEAR PRISM MEANS ON THE OUTER FACE OF SAID LEDGE FOR DIRECTING LIGHT TRANSMITTED THERETHROUGH ABOVE THE LUMINAIRE, SAID BOTTOM SECTION INCLUDING A PLURALITY OF LIGHT CUT-OFF MEANS FOR SECURING OUT LIGHT EMITTED BY SAID LAMP MEANS FOR A PREDETERMINED GLARE ZONE, SAID SIDE SECTION INCLUDING HORIZONTALLY EXTENDING PRISM MEANS ON THE INNER FACE OF EACH SIDE SECTION FOR DIRECTING LIGHT EMITTED BY SAID LAMP MEANS IN DIRECTION OUTSIDE OF A
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3483366A (en) * 1966-11-01 1969-12-09 Holophane Co Inc Luminaire lens
US5171085A (en) * 1991-07-25 1992-12-15 Thin-Lite Corporation Recessed lighting fixture with end caps incorporating diffuser mount
US5228773A (en) * 1991-10-15 1993-07-20 Malcolite Corporation Wide angle light diffusing lens
US20030179574A1 (en) * 2002-02-12 2003-09-25 Jouko Kuisma Lighting fixture
US20040012968A1 (en) * 2000-03-18 2004-01-22 Michael Allcock Lamp assembly
US20070109795A1 (en) * 2005-11-15 2007-05-17 Gabrius Algimantas J Thermal dissipation system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2887568A (en) * 1957-02-26 1959-05-19 Holophane Co Inc Ceiling luminaire
US3089024A (en) * 1959-03-30 1963-05-07 Holophane Co Inc Luminaire
US3120929A (en) * 1960-03-31 1964-02-11 Curtis Electro Lighting Inc Fluorescent lighting fixture
US3159352A (en) * 1960-11-16 1964-12-01 Wakefield Corp Luminaire

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2887568A (en) * 1957-02-26 1959-05-19 Holophane Co Inc Ceiling luminaire
US3089024A (en) * 1959-03-30 1963-05-07 Holophane Co Inc Luminaire
US3120929A (en) * 1960-03-31 1964-02-11 Curtis Electro Lighting Inc Fluorescent lighting fixture
US3159352A (en) * 1960-11-16 1964-12-01 Wakefield Corp Luminaire

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3483366A (en) * 1966-11-01 1969-12-09 Holophane Co Inc Luminaire lens
US5171085A (en) * 1991-07-25 1992-12-15 Thin-Lite Corporation Recessed lighting fixture with end caps incorporating diffuser mount
US5228773A (en) * 1991-10-15 1993-07-20 Malcolite Corporation Wide angle light diffusing lens
US20040012968A1 (en) * 2000-03-18 2004-01-22 Michael Allcock Lamp assembly
US6913372B2 (en) * 2000-03-18 2005-07-05 F.W. Thorpe Plc Lamp assembly
US20030179574A1 (en) * 2002-02-12 2003-09-25 Jouko Kuisma Lighting fixture
US6929382B2 (en) * 2002-02-12 2005-08-16 Teknoware Oy Lighting fixture
US20070109795A1 (en) * 2005-11-15 2007-05-17 Gabrius Algimantas J Thermal dissipation system

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