US32156A - Joseph thomas - Google Patents

Joseph thomas Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US32156A
US32156A US32156DA US32156A US 32156 A US32156 A US 32156A US 32156D A US32156D A US 32156DA US 32156 A US32156 A US 32156A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
flame
air
wick
side
top
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action

Description

J. THOMAS.

- Lamp.

Patented April 23, 1861.

I-nvenZforf N. PETERS PhaloLilhognphen Washin ton. 1164 FIE i I,

JOSEPH THOMAS, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

LAMP.

Specification of Letters Patent No. 32,156, dated April 23, 1861.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOSEPH THOMAS, of the city and county of New York, in the State of New York, have invented a certain new and important Improvement in Lamps; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation of the same.

My lamp is designed for burning coal oil and similar fluids without a chimney. I have demonstrated by trial that it can produce a steady economical and perfectly con trollable light without smoke.

My invention consists in arrangements for inducing and directing currents of air to support the combustion and to spread the flame.

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention I will proceed to describe it by the aid of the drawings in which Figures 1 and 3 are elevations. Fig. 2 is A is the body of thelamp represented as of a conical form and a, is an ordinary wick tube containing a wick B and provided with a screw and button C for raising and lowering the latter when necessary. The wick tube a, is narrow and thin as shown distinctly in the plan View. The wick B projects above a, and supports the flame in the manner which is obvious.

D and D are rectangular tubes of metal, fixed upon A and a, and open at each end. They are bent as represented and so arranged that the upper extremity of each is presented directly to the side of the exposed part of the wick and in contact with the top of the tube a. Each tube becomes heated by the flame and the heated air within rises in a constant Stream and impinges directly against the base of the flame on one side. The tubes on each side are similar and the flame is thus struck on each side by a steady current of pure heated air leaving the edges of the wick and of the flame not exposed thereto. The upper ends of D, D,'are in tight contact with the sides of the tubes a, so that no air can rise .between them.

E is a cap with an hemispherical apex fitted over the upper portions of the lamp and provided with openings at the top and near the base as represented.

The openings F near the base allow an influx of air the opening G at the top allows the escape of the flame and of the air immediately in contact with the flame on each side, while the openings H, H, at or opposite the edges of the wick allow a free escape of large diverging currents of heated air with the effect to draw out or widen the flame in the manner shown, and perfectly to complete the combustion of the carbona ceous matter therein.

The form of E at the sides of the aperture G is such as to throw additional currents of air against the sides of the flame above those received through D and D. These currents aid in producing the effect already described c. the impinging of streams of heated air nearly at right angles upon the sides of the flame.

The metal of E at the sides of the opening G is supported by two slender braces c, e, which extend across from one side to the other. It is not essential to the success of my burner that these braces be employed but they tend very greatly to promote the durability of the construction because in their absence a very slight blow is sufficient to bend the metal on one side or the other and displace the parts so as to impair the usual eflect.

It will be observed that the opening G is employment of D, D, arranged and operating as described. I canalso use my lamp with its cap E without the tubes D, D, and in such case derive a very marked and useful effect from the employment of E with the openings G, H, H, arranged and operating as described, but in such cases the cap E must be placed so much lower and the aperture made so much narrower than is represented that the top of E at each side of G shall correspond in position with the top of the tubes D, D, as the latter are shown in the drawings.

I wish it to be understood that I do'not claim broadly directing currents of heated air upon the plane of a coal oil lamp for the purpose of consuming the carbonaceous matter carried upward with the flame, as many devices for accomplishing this end have been heretofore used; neither do I claim presenting the heated air in two currents one on each side of the wick except when the same is directed nearly horizontally thereon in the manner described, but

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is l. The construction and use in coal oil lamps of two vertical or partially inclined passages D D terminating at the top in such a form and so arranged in respect to the flat wick tube as herein set forth as to discharge at right angles or there'about to' upon the flame and preventing the access of the air to the edges thereof in the manner and for the purpose specified.

2. The enlarged ends Hand H of the opening G in the cap E, the said ends being wider than that part of the opening in the cap through which the body of the flame passes, and extending down to points level or about level with the top of the wick tube as herein represented and described.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

JOSEPH THOMAS.

Witnesses h A. SNYDER, 7M. B. SMITH.

US32156A Joseph thomas Expired - Lifetime US32156A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US32156A true US32156A (en) 1861-04-23

Family

ID=2101775

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US32156A Expired - Lifetime US32156A (en) Joseph thomas

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US32156A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6077386A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-06-20 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6090302A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-07-18 Sandia Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6123983A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-09-26 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6132577A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-10-17 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6134005A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-10-17 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6157447A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-12-05 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6165312A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-12-26 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6077386A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-06-20 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6090302A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-07-18 Sandia Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6123983A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-09-26 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6132577A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-10-17 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6134005A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-10-17 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6157447A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-12-05 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations
US6165312A (en) * 1998-04-23 2000-12-26 Sandia Corporation Method and apparatus for monitoring plasma processing operations

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US34782A (en) Improvement in lamps
US34293A (en) Improved chimney for lamps
US37956A (en) Improvement in lamp-cones
US34742A (en) Improved lamp-burner
US651100A (en) Perfuming-lamp.
US35010A (en) Improved lamp-burner
US22771A (en) knowles
US38150A (en) Improvement in lamp-chimneys
US23044A (en) richter
US29260A (en) William fulton
US768128A (en) Oil-lamp.
US34065A (en) Improvement in lamps
US36237A (en) Improvement in mica chimneys for lamps
US26071A (en) knapp
US34884A (en) Improved fastener for lamp-chimneys
US606850A (en) Chimney-holder
US34841A (en) Improvement in lamps for burning coal-oil
US637027A (en) Combined light-increasing device and smoke-bell.
US32721A (en) John russell
US545313A (en) Ronald j
US37316A (en) Improvement in chimney-attachments for lamps
US40226A (en) Improvement in lamps
US36452A (en) Improvement in vapor-burners
US121241A (en) Improvement in lanterns
US35370A (en) Improvement in coal-oil burners