US3138932A - Locating an offshore drilling platform - Google Patents

Locating an offshore drilling platform Download PDF

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Publication number
US3138932A
US3138932A US103145A US10314561A US3138932A US 3138932 A US3138932 A US 3138932A US 103145 A US103145 A US 103145A US 10314561 A US10314561 A US 10314561A US 3138932 A US3138932 A US 3138932A
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Prior art keywords
platform
drilling
legs
barge
formation
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Expired - Lifetime
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US103145A
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David C Kofahl
Jr Charles E Wakefield
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Richfield Oil Corp
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Richfield Oil Corp
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • E02B17/02Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor placed by lowering the supporting construction to the bottom, e.g. with subsequent fixing thereto
    • E02B17/021Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor placed by lowering the supporting construction to the bottom, e.g. with subsequent fixing thereto with relative movement between supporting construction and platform
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • E02B2017/0039Methods for placing the offshore structure
    • E02B2017/0043Placing the offshore structure on a pre-installed foundation structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • E02B2017/0039Methods for placing the offshore structure
    • E02B2017/0047Methods for placing the offshore structure using a barge
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • E02B2017/0056Platforms with supporting legs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • E02B2017/0056Platforms with supporting legs
    • E02B2017/0073Details of sea bottom engaging footing
    • E02B2017/0082Spudcans, skirts or extended feet

Description

June 30, 1964 D. c. KOFAHL ETAL LOCATING AN OFFSHORE DRILLING PLATFORM Filed April 14, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet l F I G. 2.
F I G.
l6 In, .8 I: I0
lllllllllllllllllllll F l G. 3
D L F F E M W E S m R A H c M/WW/ J1me 1964 D. c. KOFAHL ETAL 3,133,932
LOCATING AN OFFSHORE DRILLING PLATFORM Filed April 14, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG. 4.
INVENTORS DAVID C. KOFAHL CHARLES E. WAKEFIELD, JR.
WWW
ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,133,932 LOCATING AN ()FFSHORE DRILLING PLATFORNI David C. Kofahl and Charles E. Wakefield, Jr., Bakersfield, Calif., assignors to Richfield Oil Corporation, Los
Angeles, Calif., a corporation of Delaware Filed Apr. 14, 1961, Ser. No. 103,145
1 Claim. (Cl. 6146.5)
The present invention relates to offshore well drilling and production, and more particularly relates to a method of placing a drilling platform over a submarine formation whereby the platform can readily be precisely relocated relative to the formation, subsequent to the initial drilling operations.
In offshore drilling operations due to the additional expenses involved as compared to on-shore drilling operations, quite often drilling is discontinued in a given area for economical reasons and commenced some years later thus making desirable the relocation of bore holes previously drilled to rework such well" bore holes. Soft or loose surface sediment such as clay, ooze, mud, etc., are sometimes encountered in offshore drilling operations, also making desirable the establishment of a firm footing for a drilling platform. The conventional landing pad used to hold the foundation legs of a drilling platform is not adequate in soft surface sediments particularly in oceanic areas subject to storms, waves, seismic disturbances and other disruptive influences, nor are these pads sulficiently stationary to precisely relocate the drilling or production equipment relative to the well bore in the event reworking is attempted.
It has heretofore been proposed to provide platform leg foundations lowered from the platform structure to the submarine floor to receive the foundation legs and thus provide footing for the platform. Such proposals, however, do not provide permanent foundations which can be precisely relocated for reworking.
Accordingly, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide apparatus and a method for locating a drilling and/or production platform adjacent an offshore formation whereby such position can be precisely relocated to rework the formation subsequent to the initial drilling operation.
It is also an object of the present invention to provide apparatus and a method for firmly affixing an offshore drilling and/or production platform to a submarine formation. r
Further objects and a more complete understanding of our present invention may be had by referring to the following specification and claims taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 shows in partial sectional elevation, the drilling platform utilized in our present invention as transported to the predetermined submarine formation;
FIG. 2 shows in elevation, the manner in which the foundation legs of the drilling platform are landed;
FIG. 3 illustrates in elevation, a manner in which the transporting barge may be removed from the platform after the foundation legs have been landed;
FIG. 4 shows in. elevation the drilling apparatus used to drill into the offshore submarine formation from a drilling platform as shown in FIGS. 1 through 3.
Briefly described, our present invention overcomes the previously mentioned deficiencies of the prior art devices and accomplishes the above stated objects of the present invention by providing pre-constructed leg bases 24 extending into the submarine formations 12 sufficiently to achieve permanent footing, floating a drilling and/ or production platform adjacent the pre-constructed bases located in the submarine formation 12, lowering foundalCe tion legs 16 into the pre-constructed bases 24, and reducing the buoyancy of the barge 14 used to transport the platform 10 to the drill site to facilitate removal of such barge preparatory to the drilling operations.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates the manner in which the drilling platform 10 is transported on barge 14 to the pre-selected offshore drilling site 12. The platform 10 is provided with retractable foundation legs 16 which are vertically slidable in tubular platform in leg sockets 18 and as shown in FIG. 1 are retracted when the platform is being transported, and oriented over a preselected drilling site 12. The platform legs 16 may be hollow tubular members adapted to hold water so that they can be weighted by pumping water into their hollow interior, which weighting facilitates lowering the legs through the platform sockets 18. Centrifugal pumps (not shown) may be used near the top of the legs 16 to fill and empty the hollow legs with water. Conventional jacking equipment may also be provided for lowering and raising the legs.
Prior to lowering the foundation legs 16 to the submarine formation, excavations are made in the submarine formation with conventional large diameter post hole or cesspool digging equipment from a work barge and bases 24 constructed in such excavations to provide suflicient bearing for the retractable legs. To facilitate proper spacing of the bases, a template may be lowered to the formation and the bases constructed therethrough. Any conventional construction method may be employed to construct the bases, for example, when a concrete base is preferred, the tremme concrete mixing and pouring procedure whereby concrete is mixed on the work barge and run down to the submarine floor through a hose. Alternatively, a concrete base 24 may be precon-structed and lowered intact from the platform. The base members 24 are provided with a recess or socket such as pipe socket 26 therein, adapted to receive the lower end of legs 16 or rod members 20 rigidly aflixed to the lower extremity of the legs, to firmly secure the foundation legs 16 within the bases 24. Numerous varieties of permanent base structures may be provided depending on the conditions encountered. For example, closely spaced piles may be driven into the formation and a recessed or socketed cap set thereon to engage the foundation legs.
As shown in FIG. 2, when the leg bases 24 have been established in the submarine formation the foundation legs 16 are lowered through the tubular platform sockets 18 so that the lower end 22 of the leg is lowered to the formation 12 and into contact with the base 24 whereby rod members 20 stab into the socket members 26 provided in the base 24.
While the legs 16 are being lowered onto the leg bases 24, the platform 10 is floating on the barge 14. After the legs 16 are lowered and firmly affixed to the leg bases 24 by stabbing the leg or rod member 20 into the socket 26, the foundation legs 16 are locked as with sleeved locking pins (not shown) relative to the tubular sockets 18 in the formation and the buoyancy of the barge structure 14 reduced as by flooding, to facilitate removal of the barge from the area of the platform as shown in FIG. 3. Thus, numerous platforms may be set with just one floating barge.
With the drilling platform 10 firmly established in the submarine formation 12 as heretofore set forth, drilling operations may then be conducted through a cellar riser 28 provided between the well bore 30 and the drilling platform 10, according to any suitable procedure as, for example, the procedure outlined in copending application of Travers et al. executed contemporaneously herewith, or any conventional marine drilling technique. Conventional drilling equipment may include a conventional derrick structure 32 mounted on the drilling platform to facilitate the lowering of drill pipe and other equiprnent through the platform and into the well bore. Conventional draw works 34 may be used for hoisting well equipment with a traveling block 36 used in conjunction with a hoisting cable 38 over a crown block 40 with a conventional swivel 42 and kelly 44. A conventional rotary table (not shown) may be utilized to rotate drilling tools in the well. A cargo crane 46 may be employed in the conventional manner to lift sections of drill pipe 48 through the rotary table mounted in the platform and into the well bore 30. A test trap and tank 50 may be utilized on the barge to make water shutoff or formation tests.
According to our present invention leg bases 24 are initially located at the desired submarine drilling site. The drilling platform 10 is then transported with legs 16 retracted, to a location adjacent the previously located bases 24, on a floating barge 14 and the retracted legs 16 lowered through the platform sockets 18 and stabbed into the leg bases 24. The buoyancy of the barge 14 is then reduced and the barge removed from the drilling platform so that drilling operations may be conducted from the drilling platform 10 in the conventional manner. By our present invention, because of the use of permanent leg bases 24, it is possible to rework the Wells such as well 30 drilled from the platform 10, and in so doing to precisely orient the platform 10 relative to the well bore 30 each time working is performed.
Our invention is particularly useful in submarine floors which are composed of clay-like material or other unconsolidated surface sediments since the concrete leg base is designed to be sufficiently large to extend into the more consolidated or firm layers of the formation.
Having fully described our invention, it is to be understood that we do not wish to be limited to the details set forth, but our invention is of the full scope of the appended claim:
We claim:
A method for locating with a removable barge a removable marine drilling platform over a drilling site in a formation underlying a body of water, comprising the steps of: establishing in said formation adjacent said site a plurality of submerged base structures having sockets therein, transporting on a floating barge to a position over said site, a drilling platform having support legs therefor retracted, lowering said legs through said body of water to extend the lower extremities of said legs into said sockets, lowering said barge relative to said platform by reducing the buoyancy of said barge, and removing said barge from under said platform.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 201,569 Striedinger et a1 Mar. 19, 1878 2,210,408 Henry Aug. 6, 1940 2,308,743 Bulkley et a1. Jan. 19, 1943 2,592,626 Wanless Apr. 15, 1952 2,675,680 Emshwillcr Apr. 20, 1954 2,775,869 Pointer Jan. 1, 1957 2,931,184 DArcangelo Apr. 5, 1960 2,935,854 Thompson et a1. May 10, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 924,645 France Mar. 10, 1947
US103145A 1961-04-14 1961-04-14 Locating an offshore drilling platform Expired - Lifetime US3138932A (en)

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3279407A (en) * 1963-05-28 1966-10-18 Stenger Jacob Johannes Surface vessel
US3412564A (en) * 1967-02-21 1968-11-26 Pike Corp Of America Sub-sea working and drilling apparatus
US3429133A (en) * 1967-04-19 1969-02-25 Brown & Root Offshore tower
US3575005A (en) * 1967-06-29 1971-04-13 Maurice N Sumner Method and apparatus for offshore operations
US3716994A (en) * 1971-06-28 1973-02-20 Texaco Inc Assembly system for a detachably connected offshore marine structure
US3805534A (en) * 1972-05-09 1974-04-23 Shell Oil Co Slide resistant platform anchor conductor silo
JPS4963201A (en) * 1972-10-20 1974-06-19
JPS50106387A (en) * 1973-11-01 1975-08-21
JPS525175A (en) * 1975-06-29 1977-01-14 Nippon Kokan Kk <Nkk> Large construction loading method
US4073155A (en) * 1975-10-09 1978-02-14 Deutsche Babcock Aktiengesellschaft Sea platform construction
FR2361504A1 (en) * 1976-05-20 1978-03-10 Pool Cy PROCESS FOR TRAINING A PLATFORM FOR OIL EXTRACTION AT SEA
US4114381A (en) * 1977-03-18 1978-09-19 Poseidon Marketing And Development Co. Positive flow estuary structure
FR2393888A1 (en) * 1977-06-09 1979-01-05 Brown & Ass James G Transportable jack-up offshore well drilling rig - is moved to or from site on bow or stern of floating vessel
JPS54102782A (en) * 1978-01-25 1979-08-13 Hitachi Zosen Corp Dual hull ship
US4187038A (en) * 1976-08-27 1980-02-05 Taylor Woodrow Construction Limited Equipment for extracting oil or gas from under the sea bed and method of installing such equipment
US4224005A (en) * 1975-12-10 1980-09-23 James G. Brown & Associates, Inc. Truss rig
FR2450909A1 (en) * 1979-03-06 1980-10-03 Doris Dev Richesse Sous Marine Offshore platform with stable configuration on unstable sea-bed - comprising prefabricated submerged infra-structure and emergent superstructure installed separately
US6293734B1 (en) 1998-06-12 2001-09-25 Technip France Apparatus for transporting and installing a deck of an offshore oil production platform
US6808337B1 (en) * 1999-09-28 2004-10-26 A2Sea A/S Vessel with vertically elevational support legs
US20050013667A1 (en) * 2001-12-24 2005-01-20 Pierre-Armand Thomas Method for mounting a heavy equipment on a ship's hull
EP2216447A1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-11 Suction Pile Technology B.V. Floating marine structure with suction piles and platform resting on a barge clamped between suction piles and platform.
ITMI20090383A1 (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-09-14 Saipem Spa Bottom support device for self-lifting vessels
US8157481B1 (en) 1994-05-02 2012-04-17 Shell Oil Company Method for templateless foundation installation
US20120125688A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-05-24 Conocophillips Company Ice worthy jack-up drilling unit secured to the seafloor
US20140205383A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-24 Conocophillips Company Jack-up drilling unit with tension legs
ITMI20130111A1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-07-25 Saipem Spa Variable draft barge and system and method for transferring loads from the barge to a support structure in a body of water
US20150086275A1 (en) * 2013-09-23 2015-03-26 Ensco International Incorporated Methods and apparatus for converting an offshore structure
FR3067047A1 (en) * 2017-06-06 2018-12-07 Ideol METHOD FOR LAUNCHING
US10352010B2 (en) 2017-02-13 2019-07-16 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Self-installing offshore platform
US10415204B1 (en) * 2018-04-30 2019-09-17 Northern Offshore Ltd. Multi-environment self-elevating drilling platform

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US201569A (en) * 1878-03-19 Improvement in apparatus for subaqueous drilling, laying foundations
US2210408A (en) * 1938-09-08 1940-08-06 Lee C Moore & Company Inc Marine working platform substructure
US2308743A (en) * 1939-09-16 1943-01-19 William P Bulkley Barge
FR924645A (en) * 1946-03-30 1947-08-11 Method of performing submarine boreholes and means for implementing this method
US2592626A (en) * 1947-11-05 1952-04-15 Sol B Wiczer Portable pier
US2675680A (en) * 1954-04-20 Construction of submerged
US2775869A (en) * 1952-04-22 1957-01-01 L B De Long Platform construction
US2931184A (en) * 1958-06-26 1960-04-05 Jersey Prod Res Co Releasable locking mechanism
US2935854A (en) * 1954-06-21 1960-05-10 California Research Corp Offshore drilling platform

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US201569A (en) * 1878-03-19 Improvement in apparatus for subaqueous drilling, laying foundations
US2675680A (en) * 1954-04-20 Construction of submerged
US2210408A (en) * 1938-09-08 1940-08-06 Lee C Moore & Company Inc Marine working platform substructure
US2308743A (en) * 1939-09-16 1943-01-19 William P Bulkley Barge
FR924645A (en) * 1946-03-30 1947-08-11 Method of performing submarine boreholes and means for implementing this method
US2592626A (en) * 1947-11-05 1952-04-15 Sol B Wiczer Portable pier
US2775869A (en) * 1952-04-22 1957-01-01 L B De Long Platform construction
US2935854A (en) * 1954-06-21 1960-05-10 California Research Corp Offshore drilling platform
US2931184A (en) * 1958-06-26 1960-04-05 Jersey Prod Res Co Releasable locking mechanism

Cited By (43)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3279407A (en) * 1963-05-28 1966-10-18 Stenger Jacob Johannes Surface vessel
US3412564A (en) * 1967-02-21 1968-11-26 Pike Corp Of America Sub-sea working and drilling apparatus
US3429133A (en) * 1967-04-19 1969-02-25 Brown & Root Offshore tower
US3575005A (en) * 1967-06-29 1971-04-13 Maurice N Sumner Method and apparatus for offshore operations
US3716994A (en) * 1971-06-28 1973-02-20 Texaco Inc Assembly system for a detachably connected offshore marine structure
US3805534A (en) * 1972-05-09 1974-04-23 Shell Oil Co Slide resistant platform anchor conductor silo
JPS4963201A (en) * 1972-10-20 1974-06-19
JPS553199B2 (en) * 1973-11-01 1980-01-24
US3949564A (en) * 1973-11-01 1976-04-13 Ingenjorsfirma B. Nord Ab Floating platforms with a wharf belonging thereto
JPS50106387A (en) * 1973-11-01 1975-08-21
JPS525175A (en) * 1975-06-29 1977-01-14 Nippon Kokan Kk <Nkk> Large construction loading method
US4073155A (en) * 1975-10-09 1978-02-14 Deutsche Babcock Aktiengesellschaft Sea platform construction
US4224005A (en) * 1975-12-10 1980-09-23 James G. Brown & Associates, Inc. Truss rig
FR2361504A1 (en) * 1976-05-20 1978-03-10 Pool Cy PROCESS FOR TRAINING A PLATFORM FOR OIL EXTRACTION AT SEA
US4187038A (en) * 1976-08-27 1980-02-05 Taylor Woodrow Construction Limited Equipment for extracting oil or gas from under the sea bed and method of installing such equipment
US4114381A (en) * 1977-03-18 1978-09-19 Poseidon Marketing And Development Co. Positive flow estuary structure
FR2393888A1 (en) * 1977-06-09 1979-01-05 Brown & Ass James G Transportable jack-up offshore well drilling rig - is moved to or from site on bow or stern of floating vessel
JPS54102782A (en) * 1978-01-25 1979-08-13 Hitachi Zosen Corp Dual hull ship
JPS5755631B2 (en) * 1978-01-25 1982-11-25
FR2450909A1 (en) * 1979-03-06 1980-10-03 Doris Dev Richesse Sous Marine Offshore platform with stable configuration on unstable sea-bed - comprising prefabricated submerged infra-structure and emergent superstructure installed separately
US8157481B1 (en) 1994-05-02 2012-04-17 Shell Oil Company Method for templateless foundation installation
US6293734B1 (en) 1998-06-12 2001-09-25 Technip France Apparatus for transporting and installing a deck of an offshore oil production platform
US6808337B1 (en) * 1999-09-28 2004-10-26 A2Sea A/S Vessel with vertically elevational support legs
US7316192B2 (en) * 2001-12-24 2008-01-08 Technip France Method for mounting a heavy equipment on a ship's hull
US20050013667A1 (en) * 2001-12-24 2005-01-20 Pierre-Armand Thomas Method for mounting a heavy equipment on a ship's hull
EP2216447A1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-11 Suction Pile Technology B.V. Floating marine structure with suction piles and platform resting on a barge clamped between suction piles and platform.
ITMI20090383A1 (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-09-14 Saipem Spa Bottom support device for self-lifting vessels
EP2228490A1 (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-09-15 Saipem S.p.A. Device for sitting on the seabed for self-raising sea vessels
EP2952631A1 (en) * 2009-03-13 2015-12-09 Saipem S.p.A. Device for sitting on the seabed for self-raising sea vessels
US20120125688A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-05-24 Conocophillips Company Ice worthy jack-up drilling unit secured to the seafloor
US20140205383A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-24 Conocophillips Company Jack-up drilling unit with tension legs
US9725864B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2017-08-08 Saipem S.P.A. Variable-draft barge, and system and method of transferring loads from the barge to a supporting structure in a body of water
ITMI20130111A1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-07-25 Saipem Spa Variable draft barge and system and method for transferring loads from the barge to a support structure in a body of water
WO2014115117A3 (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-11-20 Saipem S.P.A. Variable-draught barge, and system and method of transferring loads from the barge to a supporting structure in a body of water
EA029878B1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2018-05-31 САИПЕМ С.п.А. Variable-draught barge, and system and method of transferring loads from the barge to a supporting structure in a body of water
US9353497B2 (en) * 2013-09-23 2016-05-31 Ensco International Incorporated Methods and apparatus for converting an offshore structure
US20150086275A1 (en) * 2013-09-23 2015-03-26 Ensco International Incorporated Methods and apparatus for converting an offshore structure
US10352010B2 (en) 2017-02-13 2019-07-16 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Self-installing offshore platform
US10967942B2 (en) * 2017-06-06 2021-04-06 Ideol Launching method
WO2018224770A1 (en) * 2017-06-06 2018-12-13 Ideol Launching method
CN110719981A (en) * 2017-06-06 2020-01-21 伊代奥尔公司 Launching method
FR3067047A1 (en) * 2017-06-06 2018-12-07 Ideol METHOD FOR LAUNCHING
US10415204B1 (en) * 2018-04-30 2019-09-17 Northern Offshore Ltd. Multi-environment self-elevating drilling platform

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