US3128327A - Metal melting furnace - Google Patents

Metal melting furnace Download PDF

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US3128327A
US3128327A US184323A US18432362A US3128327A US 3128327 A US3128327 A US 3128327A US 184323 A US184323 A US 184323A US 18432362 A US18432362 A US 18432362A US 3128327 A US3128327 A US 3128327A
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chamber
displacer
molten
salt
metal
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US184323A
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Richard C Upton
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UPTON ELECTRIC FURNACE CO
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UPTON ELECTRIC FURNACE CO
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22BPRODUCTION AND REFINING OF METALS; PRETREATMENT OF RAW MATERIALS
    • C22B21/00Obtaining aluminium
    • C22B21/0084Obtaining aluminium melting and handling molten aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22BPRODUCTION AND REFINING OF METALS; PRETREATMENT OF RAW MATERIALS
    • C22B9/00General processes of refining or remelting of metals; Apparatus for electroslag or arc remelting of metals
    • C22B9/10General processes of refining or remelting of metals; Apparatus for electroslag or arc remelting of metals with refining or fluxing agents; Use of materials therefor, e.g. slagging or scorifying agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22BPRODUCTION AND REFINING OF METALS; PRETREATMENT OF RAW MATERIALS
    • C22B9/00General processes of refining or remelting of metals; Apparatus for electroslag or arc remelting of metals
    • C22B9/10General processes of refining or remelting of metals; Apparatus for electroslag or arc remelting of metals with refining or fluxing agents; Use of materials therefor, e.g. slagging or scorifying agents
    • C22B9/106General processes of refining or remelting of metals; Apparatus for electroslag or arc remelting of metals with refining or fluxing agents; Use of materials therefor, e.g. slagging or scorifying agents the refining being obtained by intimately mixing the molten metal with a molten salt or slag
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/60Heating arrangements wherein the heating current flows through granular powdered or fluid material, e.g. for salt-bath furnace, electrolytic heating

Description

April 7, 1964 R. c. UPTON 3,128,327

METAL MELTING FURNACE Filed April 2, 1962 2 l4 FIGJ.

2 Sheets-Sheei 1 INVENTOR. RICHARD G. UPTON Mail /W- ATTORNEYS A ril 7, 1964 R. c. UPTON 3,128,327

METAL MELTING FURNACE Filed. April 2, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG .7.

m FIG.5.

INVENTOR.

RICHARD C-UPTON BY W ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,128,327 METAL MELTENG FURNACE Richard C. Upton, Mount Clemens, Mich, assiguor to Upton Electric Furnace Company, Inc, Roseviile, Mich, a corporation of Michigan Filed Apr. 2, 1962, Ser. No. 134,323 11 Claims. (Cl. 13-33) The invention relates to electric furnaces wherein the heat is supplied by the passage of electric current through a molten resistance material such as a chemical salt. More particularly, the invention relates to a molten salt furnace adapted for melting metals, especially aluminum.

This application is a continuationin-part of my copending application Serial No. 30,794, filed May 23, 1960, now Patent No. 3,085,124.

The principal object of the invention is to obtain a practical and efficient electric furnace for melting aluminum, maintaining it in molten form, and conveniently discharging the molten aluminum.

Another object of the invention is to provide an electric furnace in which a molten chemical salt is used as the medium for melting the metal and maintaining it at the desired temperature for pouring.

A further object is to provide an electric melting furnace with an improved means for pouring the molten metal without tilting.

A more particular object is to accomplish the discharge of the molten'metal from the furnace by a displacement means which is immersed in the molten salt and does not contact with the molten metal.

Another object is to provide a displacement pouring system having an auxiliary device designed to cause an immediate cessation of flow whenever the operator desires.

Still anotherobject of the invention is to provide a control mechanism for the discharge device by which an auxiliary displacer is co-ordinated with the main displacer to aid in the halting of the discharge of the metal at the precise predetermined moment. I

These and other objects are accomplished by the electric furnace hereinafter more fully described.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a vertical sectional View of a furnace.

FIGURE 2 is a top plan view partly in section.

FIGURE 3 is a side elevation.

FIGURE 4 is a rear view.

FIGURES 5, 6 and 7 are diagrammatic views, showing an auxiliary displacer and the method of controlling the discharge of molten metal.

As shown in the drawings, the furnace has a monolithic ceramic Wall 11, and outer brick wall 12 and interior brick walls 13. The inner brick portion 13 is built to provide two interconnected chambers 14 and 15, the first for molten salt only, and the second for molten metal on top of the molten salt. These two chambers each extend vertically within the furnace and are of rectangular cross section. Near the bottom of the chambers 14 and 15 are the rectangular electrodes 16 and 17 extending horizontally across the furnace, with one face of each in alignment with an outside wall thereof. Between the bottom portions of the two chambers are one or more pairs of cross channels 18 and 19. Channel 18 extends upwardly from left to right as shown in FIGURE 1 while channel 19 extends upwardly from right to left. Each of the passageways is of small cross section relative to its length, so that the electrical resistance through the molten salt in each is high compared with the electrical resistance through the molten salt in the chambers themselves. The electric current flows between the electrodes 16 and 17 passing from electrode 16 through the salt in chamber 14, then dividing and flowing through the two separate 3,128,327 Patented Apr. 7, 1964 passageways 18 and 19, and finally passing through the salt in chamber 15 to the electrode 17. The heat is developed to a greater extent within the cross passages '18 and 19 then it is in the chambers 14 or 15. This heating effect causes the heated molten salt to rise in the inclined passageways which, in turn, causes a turbulence or circulation of the molten salt between the two chambers 14 and 15. The development of heat by the cross passage ways in this manner is disclosed and claimed in my co pending Patent No. 3,085,124 issued April 9, 1963.

The metal is melted in the chamber 15 by feeding ingots or scrap metal into the top of the chamber. When the furnace is filled to capacity, the molten'aluminum floats on top of the salt in the chamber 15. The furnace is initially supplied with suflicient molten salt of greater specific gravity than the molten metal so that the salt not only occupies all of the chamber 14 and the cross passages 18 and 19 but also occupies the lower portion of the chamber 15 to a point substantially above the height of the top of the passage 18. A hydrostatic balance is maintained because the two chambers are in communication through the cross passages.

At the top of the chamber 15, there is a laterally extending offset portion 20 terminating in a discharge weir 21. 22 is a discharge spout leading downwardly from the weir through the furnace wall. A skimming weir 23 prevents dross from escaping into the discharge spout.

With the furnace in full operation, the level of the molten metal in chamber 15 is slightly below the discharge Weir 21. When it is desired to discharge metal from the furnace, it is necessary to raise the level of the metal in chamber 15 higher than the weir. This is accomplished through the operation of a displacement member 24 which can be lowered into the liquid in the furnace. This displacer is never in contact with the molten aluminum but operates entirely in the chamber 14 and is immersed only in molten salt. By displacing the salt in chamber 14, the level of the salt is raised and this in turn creates additional hydrostatic pressure suflicient to raise the level of the molten metal in chamber 15. When the level rises above the discharge weir, it flows through the discharge spout 22 into the mold or other receptacle beneath the spout. The discharge can be halted by raisingthe displacer 24, thus causing the level of molten metal in storage chamber 15 to recede below the top of the discharge weir.

Although my furnace can be operated successfully with a single displacer 24 as above described, an improved feature of the present invention resides in the provision of an auxiliary displacer 25 at the top of the storage chamber 15. The invention contemplates various ways of combining the operations of the primary and auxiliary displacers to improve the pouring control of the metal. In its broader aspects, the auxiliary displacer can be operated independently of the primary displacer, but preferably I provide a control mechanism which co-ordinates the functioning of both displacers. This is illustrated diagrammatically in FIGURES 6, 7 and 8.

This primary displacer 24 is suspended by a cable 26 passing over pulleys 27A and 273- on a cantilever arm 28 extending from a post29 fastened to the rear wall of the furnace. A hydraulic cylinder 3d secured to the furnace wall has the movable member 31 thereof connected to cable 26. 24 will fall by gravity into the molten salt chamber except as ther displacer is restrained by the action of the fluid pressure within the hydraulic cylinder. A control valve 32 for the hydraulic cylinder is of conventional design and is not shown in detail. It is oscillated by a shaft 34 controlled by a handle 53. This shaft operates the valve in a known manner from its neutral position N by movement of the handle to either of the two positions R or L.

The arrangement is such that the displacer FIGURE 5 shows the handle in neutral position N with the displacer 24 above the salt in chamber 14. Moving the handle and the valve shaft 34 counterclockwise to position L operates the valve to lower the displacer 24 into the salt. This is shown in FIGURE 6. A clockwise movement of the handle to the position R as shown in FIGURE 7 raises the displacer 24 from the salt.

The auxiliary displacer 25 is made of a ceramic material resistant to attack by molten aluminum, such as nitride bonded silicon carbide. The displacer is suspended from one arm of lever 35 which is pivoted on a post 36. A weight W on the opposite side of the pivot acts as a counterbalance so that auxiliary displacer 25 floats on top of the molten aluminum as illustrated in FIGURE 5. The auxiliary displacer has a horizontal sectional area only slightly less than the area of the chamber 115. The displacer is of hollow construction so that it is buoyant and is only slightly immersed in the molten metal when floating freely.

A latch device is provided for operating the auxiliary displacer in predetermined relation to the primary displacer. As diagrammatically s town, the latch is fulcrumed on a pivot 38 on a fixed frame 39. The latch is notched to form a rest th for the free end of the lever 35 and the latch is normally held in engagement with the lever by spring 41. The handle 33 has an oppositely extending arm '42 with a laterally extending finger 4-3 in alignment with the latch. When the handle is in neutral position, the auxiliary displacer 25 floats on the aluminum and the primary displacer 24- is above the molten salt. The finger -43 engages the latch 37 while the spring 41 holds the latch in engagement with the end of the lever 35.

When it is desired to discharge the molten metal from the furnace, the handle is moved counterclockwise toward position L. This moves the hydraulic valve 32 to cause the primary displacer 24 to move downwardly into the molten salt in chamber 14. This is illustrated in FIGURE 6. The immersion of displacer 2 in the salt raises the level of the fluid in chamber l d, thereby causing a corresponding rise of level of the molten metal in chamber 15. The upward movement of tie molten aluminum exerts an upward force on auxiliary displacer 25 but upward movement of the displacer is restrained because the other end of lever 35 is held by latch 37. This restraint prevents the auxiliary displacer from moving upwardly with the rising metal to float thereon and instead compels the displacer to remain held down in the aluminum. Molten aluminum rises in the chamber around auxiliary displacer 25 to above the level of the weir 2t and then flows downwardly through the spout 22. FIGURE 6 illustrates the parts in pouring position.

When it is desired to stop the pouring, the handle is moved clockwise to position R, thereby operating the valve to raise the primary displacer from the molten salt. This is illustrated in FIGURE 7. The movement of the handle to position R causes finger 43 to move the latch from beneath the arm 35, thus freeing the displacer from the restraint holding it down in the aluminum. immediately the auxiliary displacer 25 moves upwardly to its floating position on top of the aluminum and the molten aluminum flows into the vacated space beneath the displacer. At once the level of the aluminum falls below that of the discharge weir 2% so that flow of molten aluminum through the discharge spout ceases immediately. By reason of the auxiliary displacer the discharge of metal is stopped more quickly than would be the case if reliance were placed solely upon the withdrawal of the primary displacer from the molten salt. The continued rise of the main displacer still further lowers the level of the aluminum. The handle is then replaced to neutral position N. The auxiliary displacer floating on the descending column of molten aluminum causes the other end of the arm 35 to become engaged again with the latch 37. The parts then resume the positions illustrated in FIG- URE 5 and the furnace is ready for the next pouring.

The electric current is supplied from any suitable source such as a transformer 44 connected by electrical conductors 45 and 46 to the electrodes 16 previously described.

in the operation of the furnace as diagrammatically illustrated in FIGURES 5, 6 and 7, it was pointed out that the main and auxiliary displacers can be co-ordinated by the lever 33. It is not essential that the main and auxiliary displacers should be operated in timed relation. As long as the auxiliary displacer is prevented from rising during the pouring cycle by the latch 37, the pouring can be rapidly stopped merely by releasing the latch and quickly raising the auxiliary displacer. It is not necessary that the main dispiacer should be raised in order to quickly stop the discharge of metal from the furnace. it will also be understood that instead of raising the auxiliary displacer by reason of the counterweight and the buoyant effect of the molten metal, the auxiliary displacer may be quickly raised by any other lifting means such as fluid pressure.

What I claim as my invention is:

l. A metal melting and pouring furnace comprising a chamber containing an upper layer of molten metal and a lower layer of molten salt of greater specific gravity than said molten metal, a discharge spout connected to said chamber above the normal level of said molten metal, a second chamber containing molten salt, a displacer insertable into said molten salt, a fluid conduit hydraulically connecting said lower layer of molten salt in said first chamber with the molten salt in said second chamber, means for moving said displacer into the molten salt in said second chamber to thereby raise the level of molten metal in said first chamber and discharge said metal through said spent, and means for withdrawing said displacer from the salt in said second chamber.

2. A metal melting and pouring furnace comprising a chamber containing molten metal, a discharge spout connected to said chamber above the normal level of said molten metal, a second chamber containing molten salt, a primary displacer insertable into said molten salt, a fill id conduit hydraulically connecting said chambers, means for moving said primary displacer into the molten salt in said second chamber to thereby raise the level of molten metal in said first chamber and discharge said metal through said spout, an auxiliary displacer in the molten metai chamber positioned to float on the molten metal adjacent said discharge spout, means for restraining upward floating movement of said auxiliary displacer when the molten metal is raised above discharge level by said primary displacer and means for releasing the restraint on said upward floating movement to thereby lower the metal below discharge level.

3. A furnace comprising two vertical chambers. containing electrically heated molten material and interconnected at the lower portions thereof, one of said chambers having molten salt in the upper portion and the other of said chambers having molten metal in the upper portion, a discharge spout for the molten metal having its entrance end above the normal level of the molten metal, a displacement member downwardly insertable into the molten salt to thereby raise the height of the molten metal above the entrance end of said spout and thereby discharge the molten metal through said spout, an auxiliary displacement member in said molten metal during discharge thereof, means for moving the first mentioned displacement member upwardly in the salt to thereby correspondingly lower the level of the molten metal in the other chamber, and means for upwardly moving said auxiliary displacement member to lower the level of the molten metal and thereby quickly stop the discharge thereof.

4. A furnace according to claim 3 in which a control means is provided operatively connecting the auxiliary displacement member with the first mentioned displacement member for simultaneous operation thereof.

5. A furnace according to claim 3 in which a control means is provided including a handle movable from a neutral positionto a pouring position and a cease pouring position, means for holding said auxiliary displacement member in fixed position when said handle is in neutral position and in pouring position and means operated when said handle is moved to cease pouring position for releasing said holding means to quickly raise said auxiliary displacement member.

6. A furnace comprising a chamber for molten metal, a discharge spout having its entrance end above the level of said molten metal, a chamber for molten salt interconnected at the bottom thereof with the chamber for molten metal, a main displacer in said molten salt chamher, an auxiliary displacer floating in said molten metal chamber, means for positively lowering said main displacer into the salt to discharge molten metal, means for raising said main displacer out of the salt to terminate the discharge of molten metal, means for preventing upward movement of said auxiliary displacer while the molten metal is discharged, and means operated simultaneously with the raising of said main displacer to release said holding means and permit upward floating of said auxiliary displacer.

7. A furnace comprising a pair of chambers with a fluid connection therebetween, a layer of molten salt in both of said chambers and in the said fluid connection, electrodes in the respective chambers, an electric supply for passing current between said electrodes from one chamber through said fluid connection to the other chamber thereby heating said molten salt, a layer of molten metal above the salt in one of said chambers extending to near the top thereof, a pouring spout having its entrance end above the top level of said molten metal, the other of said chambers having molten salt in the upper ends thereof, a main displacer in the chamber having the salt at the upper level, an auxiliary displacer normally floating on the molten metal means for positively lowering said main displacer into the salt to discharge molten metal, means for preventing upward movement of said auxiliary displacer while molten metal is discharging, and means for simultaneously raising both primary and auxiliary displacers to terminate the metal discharge.

8. A furnace comprising one chamber containing electrically heated molten salt, another chamber containing a lower layer of electrically heated molten salt and an upper layer of molten metal, a passageway connecting the first and second chambers and also containing molten salt, a discharge spout having its entrance end above the level of said molten metal, a displacement member in aid first chamber, means for forcing said displacement member into the molten salt to move salt through said passageway into said chamber and thereby raisethe level of the molten metal to the height of the entrance end of said spout, an auxiliary displacer in the molten metal adjacent the point of discharge and means for withdrawing said auxiliary displacer from said molten metal to thereby lower the level of the metal at the point of discharge.

9. A furnace according to claim 8 in which hydraulic means is provided for operating the displacement member in said salt, a control handle is provided having three positions of adjustment corresponding to neutral, raise and lower, an auxiliary control means is provided including latch means cooperating with said handle whereby said auxiliary displacer is restrained from upward movement until said handle is in raised position.

10. A furnace according to claim 8 in which said auxiliary displacer is vertically movable to float on the molten metal and a control means is provided therefor including means for restraining upward movement when the level of the molten metal approaches the height of said entrance end, and means for releasing the restraint on said upward movement to lower the molten metal to below the level for discharge.

11. A metal melting and pouring furnace comprising a ceramic body having laterally spaced chamber-s therein, a first chamber containing an upper layer of molten metal and a lower layer of electrically heated molten salt of greater specific gravity than said molten metal, a second chamber containing molten salt, a passageway connecting the molten salt in said second chamber with said lower layer of molten salt in said first chamber, electrodes in said molten salt, means for passing current from said electrodes through said molten salt to provide heat [for melting, a discharge spout having its entrance end above the level of said molten metal, and a displacement member insertable into the molten salt in said second chamber to thereby raise the level of the molten metal in said first chamber to the height of the entrance end of said spout.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,070,568 Wile Aug. 19, 1913 2,464,714 Peterson Mar. 15, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 565,590 Great Britain Nov. 16, 1944

Claims (1)

1. A METAL MELTING AND POURING FURNACE COMPRISING A CHAMBER CONTAINING AN UPPER LAYER OF MOLTEN METAL AND A LOWER LAYER OF MOLTEN SALT OF GREATER SPECIFIC GRAVITY THAN SAID MOLTEN METAL, A DISCHARGE SPOUT CONNECTED TO SAID CHAMBER ABOVE THE NORMAL LEVEL OF SAID MOLTEN METAL, A SECOND CHAMBER CONTAINING MOLTEN SALT , A DISPLACER INSERTABLE INTO SAID MOLTEN SALT, A FLUID CONDUIT HYDRAULICALLY CONNECTING SAID LOWER LAYER OF MOLTEN SALT IN SAID FIRST CHAMBER WITH THE MOLTEN SALT IN SAID SECOND CHAMBER, MEANS FOR MOVING SAID DISPLACER INTO THE MOLTEN SALT IN SAID SECOND CHAMBER TO THEREBY RAISE THE LEVEL OF MOLTEN METAL IN SAID FIRST CHAMBER AND DISCHARGE SAID METAL THROUGH SAID SPOUT, AND MEANS FOR WITHDRAWING SAID DISPLACER FROM THE SALT IN SAID SECOND CHANBER.
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ES282331A ES282331A1 (en) 1962-04-02 1962-11-10 A fusion oven
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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4222554A (en) * 1978-12-06 1980-09-16 Upton Industries, Inc. Electric salt bath furnace
EP0055815A1 (en) * 1980-12-17 1982-07-14 Norsk Hydro A/S Method and furnace for refining of magnesium
US4881670A (en) * 1988-07-01 1989-11-21 Kabushiki Kaisha Daiki Aluminium Kogyosho Automatic melt supplying method and holding furnace having automatic melt supplying system
US8917754B2 (en) 2012-10-10 2014-12-23 Alcoa Inc. Aluminum melting apparatus
US20150192364A1 (en) * 2010-05-12 2015-07-09 Paul V. Cooper Vessel transfer insert and system
US9328615B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2016-05-03 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Rotary degassers and components therefor
US9377028B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2016-06-28 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Tensioning device extending beyond component
US9382599B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2016-07-05 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Rotary degasser and rotor therefor
US9383140B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2016-07-05 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transferring molten metal from one structure to another
US9409232B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2016-08-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer vessel and method of construction
US9435343B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2016-09-06 Molten Meal Equipment Innovations, LLC Gas-transfer foot
US9566645B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2017-02-14 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer system and rotor
US9587883B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-03-07 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Ladle with transfer conduit
US9643247B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2017-05-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer and degassing system
US9862026B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-01-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Method of forming transfer well
US9903383B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2018-02-27 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal rotor with hardened top
US9909808B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-03-06 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc System and method for degassing molten metal
US10052688B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-08-21 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transfer pump launder system
US10138892B2 (en) 2014-07-02 2018-11-27 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Rotor and rotor shaft for molten metal
US10267314B2 (en) 2016-01-13 2019-04-23 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Tensioned support shaft and other molten metal devices
US10309725B2 (en) 2009-09-09 2019-06-04 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Immersion heater for molten metal
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US2464714A (en) * 1945-12-28 1949-03-15 Chase Brass & Copper Co Intermittent discharge induction melting furnace

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4222554A (en) * 1978-12-06 1980-09-16 Upton Industries, Inc. Electric salt bath furnace
EP0055815A1 (en) * 1980-12-17 1982-07-14 Norsk Hydro A/S Method and furnace for refining of magnesium
US4881670A (en) * 1988-07-01 1989-11-21 Kabushiki Kaisha Daiki Aluminium Kogyosho Automatic melt supplying method and holding furnace having automatic melt supplying system
US9435343B2 (en) 2002-07-12 2016-09-06 Molten Meal Equipment Innovations, LLC Gas-transfer foot
US9643247B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2017-05-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer and degassing system
US10352620B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2019-07-16 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transferring molten metal from one structure to another
US10345045B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2019-07-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Vessel transfer insert and system
US10274256B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2019-04-30 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Vessel transfer systems and devices
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US10195664B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2019-02-05 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Multi-stage impeller for molten metal
US10072891B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-09-11 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transferring molten metal using non-gravity assist launder
US9982945B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-05-29 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer vessel and method of construction
US10458708B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2019-10-29 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Transferring molten metal from one structure to another
US9925587B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-03-27 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Method of transferring molten metal from a vessel
US9909808B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-03-06 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc System and method for degassing molten metal
US9862026B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-01-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Method of forming transfer well
US9855600B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2018-01-02 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer system and rotor
US9566645B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2017-02-14 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer system and rotor
US9581388B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2017-02-28 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Vessel transfer insert and system
US9409232B2 (en) 2007-06-21 2016-08-09 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Molten metal transfer vessel and method of construction
US9464636B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2016-10-11 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Tension device graphite component used in molten metal
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US9328615B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2016-05-03 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Rotary degassers and components therefor
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US9470239B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2016-10-18 Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, Llc Threaded tensioning device
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ES282331A1 (en) 1963-04-16
GB978137A (en) 1964-12-16

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