US30760A - Improvement in breech-loading and magazine fire-arms - Google Patents

Improvement in breech-loading and magazine fire-arms Download PDF

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US30760A
US30760A US30760DA US30760A US 30760 A US30760 A US 30760A US 30760D A US30760D A US 30760DA US 30760 A US30760 A US 30760A
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breech
loading
magazine
charger
lever
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/38Loading arrangements, i.e. for bringing the ammunition into the firing position
    • F41A9/45Loading arrangements, i.e. for bringing the ammunition into the firing position the cartridge chamber or the barrel as a whole being tiltable or transversely slidable between a loading and a firing position

Description

N0. 36,760. PATENTE!) Nov. 27, 1860.
J. s. mamma. BPQIEGH LOADING AND MAGAZINE PIRBARM.
2 SHEBTS-SHEET 1 A N0. 30,760. PATENTED NOV. 27, 1860.
J. s. RBBDBIL BRBBG'H LOADING AND MAGAZINE PIBBARM.
' I. z snmiTs-SHBET 2.
Witnesses: inventor:
/M/W 5? M UNITED STATES PATENT OEETCE.
JOSEPH S. REEDER, OF CANTONFOHIO.
IMPROVEMENT IN B'REECH-LOADING AND MAGAZINE FIRE-ARMS.
Specification forming part ofvLetters Patent No." 30, 760.', dated November 27, 1860.'
To all 'whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Jos. S. REEDER, of Canton, in the county of Stark and St-ate of Ohio, have invented certain -newand useful Improvements in Fire-Arms5'a11d I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 represents a side elevation of my" Agun in full position for firing. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section through the Center in position as above. Fig.3 is a central longitudinal section, showing the chamber c iu the act of receiving the charge of powder from thecharger K, and the ball inthe act of being pushed into the barrel by piston r. Fig. 4 is a side View of the gun with'the right side plate removed, showing in projection a key, j, the chambered breech J, and the means through which the charger K is actuated. Fig. 5 shows portions ofthe lock in position to tire. Fig. 6 is a detached view ot' the back-end of the barrel, showing position of cut-off. Fig. 7 is a detached View of the front of breech J. Fig.8 is a' detached view of the top of breech J. Fig. t)v is a detached viewl of the back end of breech J. Figs. l0 and ll show the keys,
hereinafter to be mentioned.
Similar letters of reference represent like parts in each of the several figures.;
. To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, Iwill proceed to describe its construction and operation.
A is the stock of the gun; B, the side plate;
C, the barrel; D, the powder-magazine, E, the magazine for ball or shot, F, the trigger, G, the trigger-protector; H, the lever actuated by the trigger-protector; l1l the hand-guarda part of the trigger-protector, which 'can be taken oi' from the main -portion thereof and used as a screw-driver. A slot in' the end of the guard allows a pin to be inserted at b, which when turned around serves to clasp the guard and hold them rmly together. The other end is then slipped under the spring b', and it is in position as shown.
The protector is held up against the stock of the gun by means of a spring, m, pressing against a catch, g, as shown. e
J is the chambered breech. jj are keys secured to the inside of each side plate, as shown atj/Y, the side plates bein g slotted for the purpose of wedging the breech close against the back end` of the barrel. a is the vibrating cutoff, revolving'iu a groove cut in the end of thebarrel actuated by a projection on the front end of Jtheohambered breech titting'into the recess between the lugs a e of thecut-o'to keep the balls in the magazine from dropping` out when the breech is lowered, which is al'ways done in loading.
b is a plate, slotted as shown, to regulate the depth of the chamber e to suit either long or short balls, or to regulate the charge of shot. When a longer orl minie ball is used, or a larger charge of shot, the slotted part of the plate is turned, as is shown in Fig. 8, to allow the wing r of the piston r to slide up to the headotthe screw... `...Yifhen smalleror roundballs are used, or small charge of shot, the plate b will be turned so as to allow it to present itsv periphery to the pressure of the wing -r of the piston r. The charge of powder is regulated by the screwing in or'out of the nipple n, according to thegreater or less quantity of pow- -der desired.
The operation is as follows: On lowering the trigger-protector G, hinged 'at g and held in position by spring-catch g', the chambered breech J-which has. projections j j on Vits sides, and which projections j i',acted on by thev y keys orwedges jj, screwed to the side plates ofthe gun, (one of which is seen at j,) serveD allowed to tly forward and force the hammer 6 against the piston r, which drivesl the ball,
now in the chamber e, and which chamber is now opposite the barrel, into said barrel, as
.shown iu Fig. '3. The lever H is attached to and actuated by the trigger-protector G through the means ot' a projecting plate, h',
into which the screw h is inserted. Whenv the trigger-protector is drawn down in the act of loading, the screw h will slide in the slot in the lever H (which lever has its center at hm) and turn that lever until the notch s in said lever comes opposite the notch in the catch s, which has been thrown off by the pulling of the trigger in firing the gun. The reverse movement oi' the tri gger-protector brin gs the catch s, and through it the ot-her portions of thelock, back into position for irin g. The coming forward of the hammer 6 brings the catch s, which is pivoted to lever 5 at s and held down by a spring, as in Fig. V5, forward into its place in the notch s in the rear end of the lever H, out of which it has been pushed by the lever 2. On reversing the movement of the trigger-protector, the catch having, as before mentioned, fallen into its position, the hammer and all the partsvwill be again brought into position for striking the cap, as in Fig. 5.
In the meantime the action on the vibrating charger K is going on, and is as follows: The rightside projection j of the chambered breech J is provided with a slot or groove, 7, in which works the end S of a lever, 8, pivoted at 9 to the barrel of the gun, while lever 10 is attached to lever 8 at 8", and at l0 to a plate, 11', which plate is attached to the sideof the rack 11 and actuates thccog-wheel l2, fastened to the vibrating charger, both revolving on a common journal, w.
The rack 11, being actuated as above shown and described, would by the lowering of the trigger-protector cha-nge the position of the charger and bring it around to where the chamber c of the movable breech is in waiting for the charge of powder. rlhe reversion of these movements would bring the parts around again in position.
When the charger leaves theJmagazine D, loaded, the apertures in the ends of the charger and magazine are severally covered by plates actuated by springs-the charger by plate 7c, which covers it on its way to its chamber, c, and there is held, as shown in Fig. 3, until its return. The plate k", while the charger is being filled, is pushed up into a space 'ont for its reception in the barrel, and as soon as the charger has left the magazine it springs back and covers the end of the maga-zine D, as in Fig. 3. The magazine E, for balls, is made in sections c", as shown, in order that should any part become injured it may more readily be repaired.v
A pawl, t, attached to a spring, a', on the protector, on coming up is made to pass around a rigid pin, 0, and will push one cap on the primer z up in front of the nipple, as seen in Fig. 2.
The axes of motion of the hook 0 and levers 5 and H are the same, the latter turning loosely upon the journal, and the`two former rigidly secured thereto.
rlhe power ofthe spring N may be adjusted by means ot' hinged piece R and screw R', acting on auxiliary spring N', as in Fig. 2.
The piece is now ready for firing, which is done1by pulling the trigger'F, so as to raise up the rear end, f' of the springcatch s, thus lifting the latter out of the notch s', 'when lever 5 and hammer 6 are thrown suddenly forward by the combined action of spring N, hook O, and link P.
The muzzles of the magazines l) and E arc covered by Stoppers d and e', fastened to screw-plate y, which is screwed on a thread cut on the end of barrel C, as shown in Fig. 2i
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent., is-
1. Broadly, the vibrating charger K, for the purpose of carrying powder to the chambered breech J.
2. The cut-ois k and k', or their equivalents,
for the purpose of retninin g the' powder in thel vibrating charger und in the magazine while the powder is being carried to the chambered breech.
3. The combination of pinion l2 and rack 1l with levers 10 and 8, for transmitting motion t the vibrating charger K, for the purpose stated.
4. rlhe magazine D, in combination with the vibrating charger K, for the purpose stated.
5. Plate b, in combination with piston fr, as and for the purposes st-ated.- y
6. The combination of hammer 6 with'cliambered breech J, as and for the purposes stated.
7. The combination of chambered breech J with barrel C and vibrating charger K, as and for the purposes described. l
8. The vibrating cut-ott @,or its equivalent, in combination with chambered breech J and ball-magazineE, as and for the purposes stated. 9. The combination ot' lever 2, projection 2',
guard with the triggerprotector G, as stated...
In witness whereof I hereuntofsubscribe my name.
J. s. REEDER;
In presence of- IMPERTUs MARTIN, DANIEL Go'rsnALL.
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2841906A (en) * 1954-06-07 1958-07-08 Edwin R Michelson Shoulder firearm having separate projectile and powder magazines
US3355988A (en) * 1966-03-03 1967-12-05 D Andrea Giuliano Laterally sliding breechblock for loading a large caliber gun
US4123963A (en) * 1977-05-11 1978-11-07 Junker Ralph D Firearm and caseless ammunition therefor
US4240324A (en) * 1978-10-30 1980-12-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Automatic gun

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2841906A (en) * 1954-06-07 1958-07-08 Edwin R Michelson Shoulder firearm having separate projectile and powder magazines
US3355988A (en) * 1966-03-03 1967-12-05 D Andrea Giuliano Laterally sliding breechblock for loading a large caliber gun
US4123963A (en) * 1977-05-11 1978-11-07 Junker Ralph D Firearm and caseless ammunition therefor
US4240324A (en) * 1978-10-30 1980-12-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Automatic gun

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