US30446A - Improvement in magazine fire-arms - Google Patents

Improvement in magazine fire-arms Download PDF

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US30446A
US30446A US30446DA US30446A US 30446 A US30446 A US 30446A US 30446D A US30446D A US 30446DA US 30446 A US30446 A US 30446A
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breech
cartridge
end
arms
gun
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/01Feeding of unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/06Feeding of unbelted ammunition using cyclically moving conveyors, i.e. conveyors having ammunition pusher or carrier elements which are emptied or disengaged from the ammunition during the return stroke
    • F41A9/09Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines
    • F41A9/10Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging
    • F41A9/13Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane
    • F41A9/16Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A9/17Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis mounted within a smallarm
    • F41A9/18Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis mounted within a smallarm feeding from a tubular magazine under the barrel

Description

A B. T. HENRY. Magazine Fire Arm.

Patented Oct. 16, 1860.

m| W .MNH )J/ e?, may @Mg UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIcE.

B. TYLER HENRY, OF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR TO OLIVER F. WINCHESTER.

IMPROVEMENT IN MAGAZINE FIRE-ARMS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 30,4116, dated October 16 1860.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, B. TYLER. New Haven, in the county of New Haven, State of Connecticut, have invented new and useful Improvements in Fire-Arms, of which the following is a full and exact description, reference being had to the annexed drawings, corresponding parts ot' which are marked with corresponding letters and iigures, which are made a part ot' this speciiication.

My invention relates to improvements in a repeating breech-loading gun designed and arranged for the exclusive use of a hollow loaded ball with a primer inserted in the base.

My improvements are designed to remove the objections heretofore existing in this class of fire-arms by a change in the construction of the moving parts and the addition of ynew features, adapting the arm to the use ot' a solid ball inclosed in a metal cartridge, thus greatly increasing the power and certainty of fire ot' the arm.

For a more particular description ot' the arm as improved, I refer to the annexed full-sizedl drawing of a sporting-ride, twenty-four-inch barrel, carrying fifteen charges.

Figure l shows a section through the lockframe and part of the barrel B, representing the gun as loaded, ready to cock, and showing all the working parts, &c.

Fig. 2 represents the lock-frame with the side plate removed, and shows the position of the works after the first motion in loading.

Fig. 3 shows a section through the stock or breech of the gun and the arrangement for carrying a jointed ramrod for cleaning the gun.

Fig. 4' represents the barrel. B with the magazine M, a tube under the barrel B to hold the ammunition, with a spiral spring, D, to feed theV same to the carrier-block C, Figs. 1 and 6. This tube is made in two parts. The short part from E to X, Fig. 4, is made to turn on the barrel, so as to leave the end of the tube at E open to drop in the ammunition.

Fig. 5 shows the ramrod screwed together.

Fig. 6 gives a perspective view of the car- Pier-block C, showing the chamber 3, in which the ammunition is received from the magazine and carried up to the breech of the gun. 2

HENRY, of

shows the chamber in which the lever Cr plays in raising and lowering the carrier-block C. Z shows the construction or form ot' the top of the carrier-block by which, in raising,itis made to strike the cartridge A when withdrawn or retracted-from the gun-barrel, and by giving it a tripping motion throws it out of the lockframe.

Fig. 7 shows the carrier-lever G for raising the carrier-block C.

Figs. 8 and 9 are the links L, or toggle-joints,j

used in connection with the nger-lever F to give the forward and backward motion to the breech-pin J, and to serve as an abutment or brace to hold the breech-pin J lirlnly to its place, and thus to resist the backward force of the discharge, as-in the position shown in Fig. 1. i

Fig. l2 represents the ammunition useda conical or round ball inserted in a metal cartridge, A, having a hollow flange round the base, containinga primingof fulminating-powder.

Fig. 10 represents a longitudinal section ot' the breech-pin, taken through the center from top to bottom, and shows all its part-s. This is used, first, to carry forward and place the g cartridge in its place in the barrel, as in J,

the hammer to the charge through the center of the breech-piu by means of the piston I; third, to' retract or withdraw the cartridge A after ring, or the charge entire in case ot' missing tire, by'ineans of the spring-catch S, which takes a firm hold of the flange of the cartridge when pressing it into the barrel, and which cannot be detached without withdrawing the charge or metal case; and, fourth, to press back the hammer and cock the gun. (See H, Fig. 2.) It consists of four parts-viz., the cylinder N, in which the piston I plays, having a slight projection at O on the under side, which passes under and supports the end of the cartridge; second, the piston I, (shown separately in Fig. 12,) which is used to convey the blow ot' the hammer through the breechpin J to the end of the primer; third, the head of the piston or auxiliary hammer M, Figs. 10 and 15, which is screwed to the end of the pistou when in its place, as at M, Fig. 10, and has two fillets, b b, Fig. 15, one on each side of the breech-pin, which project 'slightly beyond the piston I, as at b Z1, Fig. 11. These press against the flange of the cartridge, as at A, Fig. 1, and as the piston I has a play back and forth in the cylinder N between the shoulders 2 2, Fig. 10, the force of the blow of the ha|n`v the breech-pin to pass througlrthe. cylinder.

and set into a slot, w, Fig. 12, to prevent the piston from turning.

Fig. 16 represents an end view of th'ebreechpin, in which s is the cud of the catch-spring; b b, the two fillets each side'of the breech-pin, for exploding the charge; 0, the projection to support the end of the cartridge, and projecting beyond the end on the under side, as at o, Fig. 10.

Fig. 11 is a top view of breech-pin J, showing the projecting fillets or points b b on the end and the spring-catch S on top.

Having thus described the construction and arrangement of the different parts ot' the gun, I will now endeavor to give the method of operating it.

Having iilled the magazine by sliding the plunger P, Fig. 4, toward the muzzle till it passes the point marked E and compresses the spring into the charge-cap, between the points E and X, the cap is to be turned upon the har- -rel so as to open the end of the magazine at E. The ammunition is to be dropped in until full, when the charge-cap is returned to its place and the plunger left restin g upon the top ofthe line of balls. The arm is now ready to be loaded, which is done with two motions of the raised, so as to bring a charge up in line with the bore of the gun. The finger-lever F is now thrown quickly back, bringing all the parts back into the position shown in Fig. 1', (except the hammer Hwhich remains cocked,) with the cartridge A in its place in the barrel, the links L in a parallel line with the breech-piu J, and held iirmly'in their placeby the linger- ]ever F, forming a strong brace to resist the backward pressure or force of the explosion, and spring S on the end of the breech-pin, with a strong hold of the ange of the cartridge, by

which it is withdrawn or retracted after the discharge of the gun, ou the repetition of the first motion, and thrown out of the lock-frame by the carrier-block as it rises with the next charge, the top of the carrier-block -having a. peculiar construction, as shown in the drawings, adapted to effect this object, being curved out on the top near the rear end, as shown at z z, so as to strike the cartridge forward of the' center, and thus raising the forward end, while the rear end is held down by the spring-catch, tripping it over, freeing itfrom the sprin g, and ejectin g it with considerable force.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim therein is I 1. In combination with the hollow breechpin N and the piston I, working through and withit, the giving of said piston additional end motion for the purpose of exploding the fulminate, substantially as described.A

2. In combination with-.the hollow breech-pin and the piston working through it, the springcatch and rest ou the breech-pin, and the illets on the piston, substantially as and for the 1 purpose set forth.

3. In combination with the carrier-block C and the spring S, placed on top of the breechpin J, the so forming of the top of said carrier-block near the rear end, as Ashown at` z z, as to strike the -cartridge forward of the center, and thus raising the forward end of the cartridge while the rear end is held down by the spring-catch, tripping it over and freeing it from the spring and ejecting it from gun, substan tially as described.

, B. TYLER. HENRY.

In presence of- JAMES N. BATES, J @Mns H. GoNKLIN.

US30446D Improvement in magazine fire-arms Expired - Lifetime US30446A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5916180A (en) * 1997-10-03 1999-06-29 Uromed Corporation Calibrating pressure sensors
US5989199A (en) * 1996-11-27 1999-11-23 Assurance Medical, Inc. Tissue examination
US5995865A (en) * 1998-06-17 1999-11-30 Dalesby Limited Thermographic device for examining the blood circulation
US6063031A (en) * 1997-10-14 2000-05-16 Assurance Medical, Inc. Diagnosis and treatment of tissue with instruments
US6086247A (en) * 1998-02-05 2000-07-11 Von Hollen; Dirk Differential temperature sensor device for use in the detection of breast cancer and breast disease
US6091981A (en) * 1997-09-16 2000-07-18 Assurance Medical Inc. Clinical tissue examination
US6135968A (en) * 1997-09-10 2000-10-24 Scantek Medical, Inc. Differential temperature measuring device and method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5989199A (en) * 1996-11-27 1999-11-23 Assurance Medical, Inc. Tissue examination
US6135968A (en) * 1997-09-10 2000-10-24 Scantek Medical, Inc. Differential temperature measuring device and method
US6091981A (en) * 1997-09-16 2000-07-18 Assurance Medical Inc. Clinical tissue examination
US5916180A (en) * 1997-10-03 1999-06-29 Uromed Corporation Calibrating pressure sensors
US6063031A (en) * 1997-10-14 2000-05-16 Assurance Medical, Inc. Diagnosis and treatment of tissue with instruments
US6086247A (en) * 1998-02-05 2000-07-11 Von Hollen; Dirk Differential temperature sensor device for use in the detection of breast cancer and breast disease
US5995865A (en) * 1998-06-17 1999-11-30 Dalesby Limited Thermographic device for examining the blood circulation

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