US26919A - Improvement in repeating fire-arms - Google Patents

Improvement in repeating fire-arms Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US26919A
US26919A US26919DA US26919A US 26919 A US26919 A US 26919A US 26919D A US26919D A US 26919DA US 26919 A US26919 A US 26919A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
cylinder
plate
chambers
barrel
cartridges
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US26919A publication Critical patent/US26919A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/01Feeding of unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/24Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element
    • F41A9/26Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element using a revolving drum magazine
    • F41A9/27Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element using a revolving drum magazine in revolver-type guns
    • F41A9/28Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element using a revolving drum magazine in revolver-type guns of smallarm type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/99931Database or file accessing
    • Y10S707/99933Query processing, i.e. searching
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/99931Database or file accessing
    • Y10S707/99933Query processing, i.e. searching
    • Y10S707/99936Pattern matching access

Description

vMORRIS SL1 BROWN.
Revolver.
Patented Jan. 24, 1860 N- PETERS. PHOTU-LITMOGRAPHER, WASHINGTON. D CA UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WM. H. MORRIS AND CHARLES L. BROWN, OF NEW YORK, N.
IMPROVEMENT IN REPEATING FIRE-ARMS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 26,919, dated January 24, 1860..
To all 'whom t may concern:
Be it known that we, WILLIAM HOPKINS MORRIS and CHARLES Lrs'roN BROWN, both of the city, county, and State of New York,
have invented a new and useful Improvement in Repeating Fire-Armsg'and we hereby declare that the following is a fnll,clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forminga part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is a central longitudinal section of a ritlewith ourimprovement. Fig.2 is atransverse section in the plane indicated by the line :c of Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a transverse section in the plane indicated by the line y y of Fig. l. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section ofthe cylinder and the plate by which the discharged cases are Withdrawn. Fig. 5 is atransverse section of the cylinder. Fig. 6 is afront view of the recoil-shield and the revolving pin, upon which the hammer acts to explode the eharges'in the cartridges. Fig. 7 is a rear view of the plate by which the discharged cartridge-cases are Withdrawn.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.
To enable others skilled in the art to-lnake and use our invention, We will proceed to de; scribe it construction and operation.
Ais a barrel with a single central bore, having attached permanently toits rear end a concentric cone-shaped piece, B, of steel or other metal,in which are several passages, c c, starting a-t equal distances apart in a circle described around the rear or base of the conepiece, from the center thereof, and converging so that all meetatthejunction of thecone with the barrel and unite with the bore of the barrel, the said passages form-ing an angle of about eight degrees with the barrel, so as to unite with its bore without an abrupt bend. The barrel and cone-piece are securedin a stout frame, D, of iron or steel or other metal, to which is secured the stock E, and which is of suitable form to receive within it a cylin-r der, C, which is arranged with its axis in line with the common axis of the barrel and the cone-piece B, and which contains a number of chambers, c c, corresponding w1t'h the number of passages c c in the cone-p1ece B,
said chambers being arranged parallel with the vaxis of the cylinder and at equal distances apart, so that each may communicate with one of the passages a a ofthe cone-piece when the cylinder is placed endwise against the rear of the cone-piece. At the rear of the cylinder C there is itted the circular plate F, which is employed to withdraw the.discharged cartridge from the cylinder C, said plate being of about the same circumference as the said cylinder and having a similar numberof holes, b b, similarly arranged, and to the front of this plate there is attached acentral pin,d, which passes right through a central bore in the cylinder and projects from the front thereof in the form of a journal, c, for thepurpose of entering a bearing, c, provided for it in the center ofthe rear of the cone B,to enable the cylinder tobe arranged concentrically to the cone-piece as well as the plate.
In the rear face of the cone-piecev B there are a number of holes, g g, into either one of which enters a'pin, h, Figs. 1 and 4, thatk is secured to the front of the cylinder to prevent the cyl- 'inder turning and to keep the chambers c c and passages a c in line with each other. One of the holes g g is sufci-ent. In rear ofv this plate there is a screw-bolt, H, which screws'in a tapped hole in the back of the frame D, said bolt having its head f, which comes next the plate F, made with a recess to receive within it a projection, fr' z', in rear of said plate. This screW-b'olt serves to force up the plate F close to the rear of the cylinder G, and the cylinder G close upto the rear of the cone-piece B, to make gas-tight joints between those parts. By screwing the said screw back from the plateF the said plate and the cylinder U can he removed together from the frame D, v
' We propose to employ, in combination with our improvement in tire-arms, cartridges with metallic cases, round the rear ot' which is a hollow flange filled with percussion powder, said cartridges being inserted in the chambers c c through the holes b b of the plate F from the' rear of the latter, and being contained partly in the chambers ot' the cylinder and partly in the said holes I) b, as shown in Fig, l, where av cartridge is shown in the gun in red color, and the flanges ot' the cartridges being received in recesses jj, provided for them in the rear of the plate F. The cartridges in the several chambers are to be exploded one after the other in succession by the action of a hammer, G, on the rear end of a revolving pin, I, which 1s fitted to slide longitudinally as well as rotate within the bolt H, the said pin having a broad head, k, (see Figs. 1 and 6,) on whose face there is a projecting tooth, l, only wide enough to strike one cartridge at a time. This is force-d back again by a spring, q, after being struck up by the hammer. The said pin is caused to turn to present the tooth lopposite to a new cartridge, to repeat the tire, by the action upon a ratchetwheel, n, on the rear end of the said pin I, of two dogs, m m, (see Figs. l and 2,) attached to alever, J, which is employed to cock the hammer; but as we do not care in these Letters Patent to claim the devices for cockin g the hammer or for exploding the cartridges, we will not further describe them.
The operation of the gun shown in the dra-wings is as follows: To load, the bolt H is screwed back far enough to permit the removal of the cylinder O and plate F from the frame D sidewise,and after they are removed the cartridges are inserted through the rear of the plate F'into said plate and cylinder, which are then replaced and secured by screwing up the bolt H. When the cartridges are severally fired the balls pass along the passages a abelonging to the respective chambers, and into the common central barrel, by which their flight is directed. After all the cartridges have been fired the boltHis screwed back and the cylinder O and plate F taken out again, and theplate F is drawn back far enough from the cylinder in the manner represented in Fig. 4 to withdraw the empty cartridgecases p p entirely out of the cylinder, the anges round the butts of the cartridges enabling the plate to do this. The plate F is then turned a little way round to remove the cartridges from opposite the chambers e c, as shown by the red circles in Fig. 5, and in this position it is pushed forward again, and the front ends ofthe cases p p, then coming in contact with the rear of the cylinder, are stopped while the plate moves up to thecylinder, and
' are so forced through the back of the plate, so
that they will drop out or can be easily pulled out by the fingers.
By the use in a fire-arm of a series of stationary chambers converging to a common barrel, as herein described, all the advantages of a revolver are obtained without the disadvantages of windage between the cylinder and barrel, and of the liability to get out of order, so common to revolvers; and, besides this, there is no danger of the lire being communicated from one charge to another, as the charges are all protected in front by the balls, and there is perfect safety for the left hand, in firing, whatever may be its position along the barrel. 1f preferred, the chambers themselves may converge toward the barrel like the passages a a; but then the plate F could not be employed to withdraw the cartridges; also, instead of making the cylinder or chambers movable, as in the gun represented, the chambers C may be permanently stationary, and the loading and withdrawal of exploded cartridges etl'ected through a door provided in the back of the frame D, or its equivalent.
We do not broadly claim the invention of side chambers converging into a common discharge-barrel, as they are seen in Lymans patent of 1857. The chambers there employed are used as receptacles for powder, to accelerate the discharge of a single ball placed in the central barrel, and the rear portion of the several chambers are separated, having each la separate breech.
What we do claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The arrangement and combination of the chambers c, whether movable or fixed, the plate F, and bolt H, substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and described.
2. The arrangement and combination of the revolving pin I, bolt H, hammer G, and plate F, substantially as and for the purpose herein I shown and described.
3. The employment, in combination with a barrel, A, of a conc-shaped piece, B, having several passages, a a, starting from the base of said cone, and converging so as to discharge into the barrel A, substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and described;
4. The combination, with the cone-shaped piece B, of a cylinder, C, having chambers c c, substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and described.
WILLIAM HOPKINS MORRIS. CHARLES LISTON BROWN. Witnesses:
J. MALCOLM SMITH, S. MAURrs MoGonD.
US26919D Improvement in repeating fire-arms Expired - Lifetime US26919A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US26919A true US26919A (en) 1860-01-24

Family

ID=2096587

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US26919D Expired - Lifetime US26919A (en) Improvement in repeating fire-arms

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US26919A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2882794A (en) * 1957-03-20 1959-04-21 George H Bornheim Electrically fired gun charger
US3678461A (en) * 1970-06-01 1972-07-18 Texas Instruments Inc Expanded search for tree allocated processors
US3729718A (en) * 1970-12-29 1973-04-24 Gte Automatic Electric Lab Inc Computer having associative search apparatus
US4441160A (en) * 1978-11-06 1984-04-03 Auto-Register, Inc. Point of sale terminal having prompting display
US4455624A (en) * 1980-11-25 1984-06-19 Hewlett-Packard Company Logic state analyzer with format specification
US4531201A (en) * 1982-01-25 1985-07-23 Skinner Jr James T Text comparator
US4541069A (en) * 1979-09-13 1985-09-10 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Storing address codes with words for alphabetical accessing in an electronic translator
US4545043A (en) * 1982-05-21 1985-10-01 At&T Bell Laboratories Announcement system message playback arrangement
US4625295A (en) * 1982-01-25 1986-11-25 Skinner James T Textual comparison system for locating desired character strings and delimiter characters
US4754326A (en) * 1983-10-25 1988-06-28 Keycom Electronic Publishing Method and apparatus for assisting user of information retrieval systems
US5983212A (en) * 1992-12-22 1999-11-09 Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Document processing apparatus having display

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2882794A (en) * 1957-03-20 1959-04-21 George H Bornheim Electrically fired gun charger
US3678461A (en) * 1970-06-01 1972-07-18 Texas Instruments Inc Expanded search for tree allocated processors
US3729718A (en) * 1970-12-29 1973-04-24 Gte Automatic Electric Lab Inc Computer having associative search apparatus
US4441160A (en) * 1978-11-06 1984-04-03 Auto-Register, Inc. Point of sale terminal having prompting display
US4541069A (en) * 1979-09-13 1985-09-10 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Storing address codes with words for alphabetical accessing in an electronic translator
US4455624A (en) * 1980-11-25 1984-06-19 Hewlett-Packard Company Logic state analyzer with format specification
US4531201A (en) * 1982-01-25 1985-07-23 Skinner Jr James T Text comparator
US4625295A (en) * 1982-01-25 1986-11-25 Skinner James T Textual comparison system for locating desired character strings and delimiter characters
US4545043A (en) * 1982-05-21 1985-10-01 At&T Bell Laboratories Announcement system message playback arrangement
US4754326A (en) * 1983-10-25 1988-06-28 Keycom Electronic Publishing Method and apparatus for assisting user of information retrieval systems
US5983212A (en) * 1992-12-22 1999-11-09 Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Document processing apparatus having display

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US125563A (en) Improvement in revolving-battery gums
US1015490A (en) Firearm.
US21802A (en) Firearm ok ordnance
US45898A (en) Improvement in rifling breech-loading fire-arms
US36686A (en) Improvement in compound explosive projectiles
US627966A (en) Repeating pistol.
US28437A (en) Improvement in revolving fire-arms
US790634A (en) Automatic breech-sight for pistols.
US620400A (en) Fredrech ahrens
US34302A (en) Improvement in shells for ordnance
US36773A (en) Improvement in projectiles for rifled ordnance
US24573A (en) Animal-trap
US53582A (en) Improvement in bullets for small-arms
US172716A (en) Improvement in adjustable firing-pins for breech-loading fire-arms
US168A (en) Improvement in fire-arms
US35685A (en) Improvement in repeating fire-arms
US597588A (en) Magazine-pistol
US672300A (en) Magazine-pistol.
US15292A (en) halsey
US30714A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US125640A (en) Improvement in gun-locks
US26904A (en) Improvement in projectiles for fire-arm s
US36197A (en) Improvement in compound bullets for small-arms
US640070A (en) Firearm.
US467558A (en) Carlo von pecker