US624145A - Automatic firearm - Google Patents

Automatic firearm Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US624145A
US624145A US624145DA US624145A US 624145 A US624145 A US 624145A US 624145D A US624145D A US 624145DA US 624145 A US624145 A US 624145A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
bolt
breech
arm
cartridge
lever
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US624145A publication Critical patent/US624145A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A19/00Firing or trigger mechanisms; Cocking mechanisms
    • F41A19/06Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms
    • F41A19/25Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins
    • F41A19/27Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block
    • F41A19/29Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block propelled by a spring under tension
    • F41A19/30Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block propelled by a spring under tension in bolt-action guns
    • F41A19/31Sear arrangements therefor

Description

No. s24,|45. Patented May 2, i899. F. K. vouue. AUTOMATIC FIREARM.
(Application filed Nov. 22, 1897.)
7 Sheena-Sheet l.
(No Model.)
Patented May 2, i899.
F. K. vouuq. AUTOMATIG nae/mm.
(Application filed Nov. 22, 1897.)
-7 Sheets-Sheet 3.
(No Model.)
I III.
N6. 624,145; Patented ma z, I899.
- r. YOUNG.
AUTOMATIC FIREARM; (Application fild Nov. 22, 1897.)
7 Shaets-Sheet 4.
(No Model.)
4 a 9 m 2 y a M d e t n e t a P nm N U 0 V. K F 5 M 4 2 6 m N AUTOMATIC FIREARM.
A iiximion filed Nov. 22, 1897.)
7 Shams-Sheet 5.
(No Model.)
No. 624,!45, Patented May 2, I899.
F. K. YbuNa.
AUTOMATIC FIREARM.
(Application filed Nov. 22, 1897.) (No Model.) 7 Sheets-Shet s.
I i Patentd May Z 899. No. e24,|4s. K You AUTOMATIC FIREARM.
(Application filed NW 22, 1897.) 7 (No Model.) 7 Sheets-Sha e! 7.
UN TED STATES FRANKLIN K. YOUNG, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS AUTOMATIC FIREARM.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 624,145, dated May 2, 189d. Application filed November 22, 1897. serial .No. 659,502. (No modela) T0 (LZZ whom, it may concern;
Be it known that 1, FRANKLIN K. YOUNG, of Boston, in the county of Snifolk, and in the State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Firearms; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, ref.- erence being had to the accompanyingdrawings, in which Figure 1 shows a plan view of a military rifle or shoulder-gun with my improved mechanism applied thereto; Fig. 2, a view of the same in side elevation; Fig. 3, a view showing, in side elevation and on an enlarged scale, my breech mechanism with the stock or supporting-frame removed and a portion of the spring-containing tube or cylinder broken away, the parts of the mechanism being shown in position as when the gun is ready to be fired by a pull on the trigger; Fig. 4, a view similar to that shown in Fig. 3, but with the parts in position as when the breech mechanism is open; Fig. 5, a view of a vertical central longitudinal section of the mechanism as shown in Fig. 3, the breech-bolt being shown in full lines in the position occupied by it when there is no cartridge in the cartridgechamber and in dotted lines in the position which it has when abutting against the base of a cartridge in place in the chamber for firing. Figs. 6, 7 8, and 9 are views of sections on lines 00 a3, 3 y, .2 2, and 0a m, respectively, of Fig. 5, Fig. 8 showing also a cross-section of the gun-stock; Fig. 10, a detail view show ing, on an enlarged scale, a section on line g/y of Fig. 1; Figs. 11 and 11, detail perspective views of the firing pin or plunger and a portion of the breech-bolt, respectively; Fig. 12, a view showing, on an enlarged scale, vertical longitudinal section of my breech mechanism with the trigger, the ejecting devices, the rear part of the piston of the secondary bolt, and the devicesconnected with such piston removed; Fig. 13, a view showing a longitudinal vertical section of the mechanism with the parts in position as shown in Fig. 4; Fig. l i, a detail perspective view, on an enlarged scale, showing separated from each other the locking-brace, the lockfor such brace, and the rocking and sliding brace-actuating lever with its brace-lock-actuating slide; Fig. 15, asimilarview showing the ham mer, sear, hammer-spring, and the trigger with its connected sear-actuating slide; Fig. lo, a detail perspective view showing, on an enlarged scale, the ejector and the rocking and sliding device for actuating the same; Fig. '17, a similar view showing the breechbolt and the secondary bolt; Fig. 18, a detail perspective view showing, on an enlarged scale, the cartridge-carrier; Fig. 19, a similar view showing the rocking cartridge-feeder; Fig. 20, a detail perspective view of my cartridge on an enlarged scale; Fig.2l, a view showing, partly in central longitudinal section and partly in elevation, one form of my cartridge; Fig. 22, a detail view, partly in section and partly in side elevation, of 'a'form of bullet which can be used in my cartridge; Fig. 23, a detail view, partly in longitudinal section and partly in elevation, of the forward portion of another form of my cartridge; Fig. 24:, a view showing, partlyin longitudinal section and partly in elevation, another form of my cartridge; and Fig. 25,.a view in elevation of another form of bullet for my cartridge.
Letters of like name and kind refer to like parts in each of the figures.
The object of my invention has been to provide an improved gun capable of use at will either as an automatically loading and firing repeating gun of great rapidity of fire or as one to deliversingle shots, at the desire of the user, the time of firing being then dependent upon a pull on the trigger, as in single-shot or ordinarymagazine guns; and to this end my invention consists in the mechanism and the construction, arrangement, and combi-' nation of the parts thereof, as hereinafter specified.
While I have shown my invention in the drawings and will describe it hereinafter as applied to a military rifle or shoulder-gun, I desire it to be understood that I do not limit myself to its application to such a form of gun, but contemplate applying it to other forms of gun, as to field artillery and rapidfiring guns for use on land or shipboard.
I also desire it to be understood that while I have shown and will describe hereinafter my invention as applied to a gun in which the breech-closing bolt has a simple rectilinear movement I do not intend to limit myself in the application of my invention to such form of breech-closing device, but contemplate also using my mechanism for opening, closing, and locking the breech-closing device and for closing and firing the piece in connection with any desired form of movable breech-closer, whether the same is a bolt or block and whatever the'direction of its movements to carry it into and from its breechclosing position may be.
Where a block or bolt having its movements to open and close the breech-block in a direction other than one in or substantially in line with the bore is employed, it should, as is usual in such blocks or bolts heretofore known and used in firearms, have a firing-pin or movable tiring device carried in or on it. Such firing pinor device would be adapted to engage the igniting-plunger in my cartridge, to be described hereinafter, and to be engaged by the end of the firing-plunger, which in my mechanism shown and described hereinafter is arranged to be struck by the hammer and to be driven rearward by the plunger in the cartridge when the latter is fired. In such case the force with which the igniting-plunger in the cartridge is driven rearward by the pressure of the gases of explosion would be transmitted to the firingplunger, which in my mechanism shown in the drawings and to be described hereinafter serves, when driven rearward, to cause unlocking and. retraction of the breech-bolt, cocking of the hammer, extraction and ejection of the tired cartridge-shell, and the feeding of a new cartridge up into position to be forced into the cartridge-chamber by the sub-' sequent forward travel of the bolt.
In the drawings, A designates the forward portion of the frame for supporting the parts of my mechanism. Such portion has the barrel B screwed into its forward end (see Fig. 5) and contains the cartridge-chamber a and to the rear of such chamber a short cylindrical passage a to receive the head 0 of the breech-bolt, to be described hereinafter. The 'rear end of the frame A has the cylindrical portion A, with an internally-threaded opening in line with the passage oi, into which is screwed the tubular part a of the rear part A of my mechanism-s11pporting frame.
Upon the rear end of the frame part A is an upright arm a which also has an internally-screw-threaded opening a in line with the threaded opening in the cylindrical portion A of the frame above, into which is screwed the forward end of a tube or cylinder G for a purpose to be explained hereinafter.
The part A of the frame has to the rear of the passage a a rectangular-shaped opening D extending up through it, the side walls of such opening being in the form of upright plates adapted to accommodate between them the locking-brace and other parts to be described hereinafter. At the forward end of opening D the frame A has a downwardlyextending plate-like portion A Guided and sliding in the bore of the tubular portion (0 of the part A of the frame is the hollow secondary bolt E, which carries secured to its forward end the head E, provided with a central opening 6, non-cylindrical and preferably, but not necessarily, rectangular in cross-section, through which slides the shank O of the breech-bolt O, the portion of such shank which passes and slides through the opening 6 being made to correspond in shape with the latter, so that the shank, and consequently the breech-bolt C, while being free to reciprocate cannot rotate with reference to secondary bolt E. The head E is preferably, though not necessarily, made with a threaded part 6', screwed into the end of the secondary bolt and further secured by a screw 6 passing through the walls of the tubular end of the secondarybolt and tapped into the threaded part of the head. (See Figs. 5, l2, and 17.) v
Vithin the bore of the tubular part of the secondary bolt E the shank of the breech-bolt C is provided with a hollow head 0 screwed to the rear end of the shank and extending forward around the latter, its interior chamber being of larger diameter than the shank, so as to leave room for a spiral spring 0 surrounding said shank. At a short distance forward of the front end of this hollow head C the breech-bolt shank O is provided with a shoulder 0, (see Figs. 8 and 11%) against which normally rests a loose annular collar or washer c on the cylindrical portion 0 of the shank. The forward end of spring C abuts against this collar or washer an d presses it toward the shoulder 0. With this construction if the breech-bolt C be held stationary and the secondary bolt E be drawn rearward the head E when it comes in contact with the washer 0 will force it back, so as to compress the spring C the stress of which will then tend to return the breech-bolt and secondary bolts toward their former relative positions either by forcing the secondary bolt forward on the shank of the breech-bolt or, if the latter be released and left free to move, by forcing it rearward with reference to the secondary bolt.
A central passage 0 extending through the head and shank of the breech-bolt, receives the reciprocating firing pin or plunger F, the forward end of which is adaptedto be projected beyond the front en d of the breechbolt, as hereinafter described, so as to engage and operate the firing device of a cartridge seated in the cartridge-chamber a. This firing pin or plunger extending rearward beyond the end of the breech-bolt shank and through the main bore of the secondary bolt has its rear end passing through a reduced passage in the latter bolt to the rear of the said main bore.
rear of such main bore the secondary bolt is At a short distance to the slotted vertically at E (see Figs. 5, 12, and 17,) the slot thus made affording an opening through which the firing-hammer, to be described more fully hereinafter, can reach the rear end of the firing-plunger, which when the plunger is in its normal rearward position projects into the slot E as shown in the drawings. (See Figs.'5 and 12.)
Fitting within the main bore of the tubular part of the secondary bolt is a sliding collar F, loosely surrounding the firing-plunger and provided on its rear side with the recess f. To the rear of such collar F the firingplunger carries, fixed upon or made in one piece with it, the collar or enlargement F adapted to abut against the rear end of the main bore of the secondary bolt E when the firing-plunger is in its normal rearward position with its end projecting back into the slot E as hereinbefore described. A spiral spring F, with its forward end seated within the recess f, surrounds the plunger between the collar or enlargement F and the sliding loose collar F, and by its pressure on thecollar or enlargement F tends to hold the latter rearward seated against the bottom or end of the main bore of the secondary bolt. hen the breech-bolt is not engaging and being held rearward by a cartridge in the chamber a, the pressure of the spring F upon the loose sliding collar F forces it, and con-- sequently the breech-bolt 0, forward with reference to the secondary bolt until the loose collar 0 on the shank of the breech-bolt comes in contact with the inner or rear end of the head E on the secondary bolt, as shown in Figs. 5 and 13. The spring C being stronger than the spring F prevents further forward throw of the breech-bolt with reference to the secondary bolt by the spring F The fixed collar or enlargement F on the firing-plunger fits and slides within the tubular bushing or bearing-piece E fixed within the secondary bolt by a screw 6 or otherwise, if desired, and is provided with a small opening f, extending through it, to admit the passage of air by it as it reciprocates within the bushing, and so prevent the format-ion of any air-cushion or vacuum to re tard the movements of the firing-plunger.
To the rear of the slot F. the secondary bolt has secured to it the extension E forming a piston, which at its rear end extends into and is guided in the forward end of the tube or cylinder G, screwed into the threaded opening a of the upright arm a of the frame part A hereinbefore described. Preferably, but not necessarily, the extension orpiston E is made hollow, as shown, and with solid pieces g and g secured in its opposite ends by means of pins 9 51 or otherwise, as desired. Both of such pieces have their parts which project beyond the ends of the body of the piston E" reduced in size, the oneg having its projecting part threaded and screwed into the rear end of the body of the secondary bolt, as shown in Figs. 5 and 12.
Upon the projecting portion of the rear piece g within the cylinder G is the tubular follower or piston-head G, fitting the cylinder-bore and having on its rear side a projection 9 to act as a guide and steadier for the forward end of the spiral spring G which, extending rearward within the cylinder, has its rear end abutting against a bearing g on the piece 9 fixed Within the cylinder near the rear end thereof. Just forward of the bearing g and piece g which serve to close the cylinder, I make one or more air-ports g 9 through the cylinder-walls to allow air to escape from and flow into the cylinder as the piston or extension E, with its follower or head G, moves rearward and forward within the cylinder. The port or ports used are of such size that as the piston Et'travels rearward the air can escape from the cylinder with such speed that the movement of the piston will be slowed down, but not checked, by the air-pressure,'as it would be by the aircushion which would be formed were the cylinder without any air port or ports 9 The rate at which the piston, and consequently the secondary bolt and breech-bolt,wi1l travel rearward under the influence of pressure or of their momentum will be regulated by the area of the port or ports used, being propor tionate to the possible rate of How of air through the latter. As the bolt extension or piston E, with the follower or head G, moves rearward in the cylinder G the spring G is compressed so that it will by its stress act subsequently to return the piston and head, and consequently the secondary bolt, to their normal forward positions after the rearward momentum of such parts has been overcome.
The cylinder G is to be held against rearward movement by being supported on or against any suitable abutment, the arrangement and construction of which can be varied as desired, according to the kind or construction of the gun to which my invention is to be applied. As shownin the drawings, its rear end is engaged by the piece H on the upper side of the gun-stock H, such piece being pivoted to an arm of the butt-plate H by a pin 72. This pivoting of the piece H is only for convenience in putting in place or detaching my mechanism from the gun-stock. With the part so pivoted it can be swung upward, so that its reduced portion h can be readily inserted in the rear end of the cylinder G, and then the piece, with the cylinder and all the parts of my mechanism, with the frame A, A, and A can be swung down into place in the grooves and cavities providedin the stock for their reception. For securing the frame in place in the stock when so swung down I provide such frame with the transverse keyways 7L2 7L2, adapted to be engaged by sliding keys 7L3 lbs of the usual well-known form employed for securing the frames and parts of gun mechanisms to gun-stocks.
The breech-bolt O is at its forward end provided with a cartridge-extracting hook c which, as shown, is fastened to the bolt-head by screws 0 c and projects forward and downward over the front face of the bolt, so as to be adapted to engage with its hooked end the annular groove in the head of what is known as'a flangeless cartridge. This cartridge 1, which I have shown in the drawings, has the usual groove t' for engagement by the extractonhook, but in other respects and details, to be explained hereinafter, differs from the cartridges heretofore used.
The secondary bolt E is at a point to the rear of the tubular part of the portion A of the frame through which it passes provided with a projecting handle or arm K, by which it can be moved back and forward, as desired, to open and close the breech mechanism. It has also fixed on its upper side, to the rear of the frame part A an arm K, which projects upward and forward from the rear end of the slot This arm has on its rear side the short upright or abrupt shoulder 7t and the upwardly and forwardly inclined surface 7t above such shoulder, while on its front side it has the upright face k on its upper end,
and just below such face a shoulder 7f, substantially in a plane parallel with the line of movement of the secondary bolt. From the rear end of this shoulder the arm has an inclined face k extending rearwardly an d downwardly and being preferably rounded or convexed, as shown. This incline is continued down into the slot E (See Figs. 5 and 12.)
For locking and holding the breech-bolt G in closed position with its forward end resting against the base of a cartridge in the chamber ct I provide the swinging lockingbrace L, (see Figs. 5, 12, 13, and 14,) pivoted to the sides of the frame A by the pivot screwpins Z Z, tapped through the frame sides and having cylindrical portions engaging holes Z Z in opposite sides of the rear portion of the brace. This locking-brace, being cut away underneath to accommodate the forward portion of the secondary bolt E when the brace is .down in position to lock the breech-block, as indicated in Figs. 5, 8, 12, and 14, has its forward portion L adapted to pass well down behind the rear face of the breech-bolt head 0, said portion L being. cut away centrally at Z to stride the shank O of the breech-bolt just to the rear of the head 0.
To enable the locking-brace to best resist wear, I prefer to have the part of it which engages the breech-bolt formed of a block L of hardened metal, secured in any desired Way in a suitable recess in the brace. As shown in the drawings, the wearing-block is inserted in a dovetailed groove 1 in the brace and secured by one or more screws 1 This construction, though not necessary, is desirable as allowing the block to be readily removed and replaced by a new one.
On top of the locking-brace is aprojection L having in it a longitudinal passage for the bolt L of the lock for the locking-brace, such bolt being adapted when the locking-brace is down in its bre'ech-bolt-holding position to enter an opening Z provided for it in the pro jection a on the frame A. This bolt L has on its rear end beyond the projection L the two ears Z Z, provided with a pin Z which passes through them and through the slot 171. in the forward end of the locking-bolt-actuating rod M, which projects in between such cars. This rod M is carried by and reciprocates in a swinging and sliding lever M, which at its forward end is pivotally connected with the locking-brace by pivot-pins m m, screwed into cars Z Z on the lockingbrace L and having cylindrical portions engaging the holes Z Z in the sides of the end of the lever M.
The slot in in the forward end of therod M is intended and adapted to allow for the relative swing of the locking-brace and the lever M as they are both swung up or down to throw the brace in to and out of breech-boltlocking position in the manner to be de= scribed.
The lever M has a sliding fulcrum formed of the two pivotal studs or bosses m m on opposite sides of the lever engaging the upward] y and rearwardly inclined slots m m in the uprights A A on the part A of the mechanism supporting frame. These uprights can be both formed in one piece with the frame part A but I prefer for convenience in assembling the parts to make at least one ofthem separate from the frame and attach it to the latter by one or more screws M, as indicated in Figs. 3, t, and 7. The forward sides of the two uprights are inclined rearward and upward, and the lever M has on opposite sides upwardly and rearwardly extending inclined faces m m to ride up over the inclines on the uprights A A as the lever is drawn rearward. These inclined faces an m are not quite straight, but arerounded or convexed, so that they can both slide over and rock on the inclines on the uprights as the lever M both moves rearward and swings to let its forward end move backward and downward with the cars l l as the locking-brace L swings to lift its breech-boltengaging forward portion up away from the breech-bolt.
The rear end of the rod M, extending through a guiding-passage in the brace-actuating lever M, is attached to a block M reciprocating in a recess M in the rear portion of the lever. This block, having its front end fitting and guided in a correspondinglyshaped part of the recess M has its rear end supported upon a pin 071 fixed in the lever M and engaging a guide-opening m in the block. In the under side of this block is a recess m which when the lever M is down in position, as when the breech mechanism is closed, (see Figs. 3, 5, and 12,) receives the arm K on the secondary bolt,.the space within such recess being of greater length from front to rear than the part of arm K which projects into it, so that such arm can have some top ofthe block.
movement with the secondary bolt in dependent of the block M The forward end of the arm K when moved to force the block M forward projects so as to bring its shoulder over the shoulder m on the lever in position to lock the lever securely from any upward movement. To the rear of the shoulder is on the arm K the block M has a shoulder m adapted to be struck by the arm-shoulder as the secondary bolt is moved rearward to take the arm-shoulder k off of the lever-shoulder m block-shoulderm then forces the block M back to actuate the rod M to withdraw the locking-brace fasteningbolt L so as to leave the brace free to be swung up by the subsequent movement of the lever M.
Below the recess M the lever M has a downwardly and rearwardly extending arm m which when the lever is down in the position shown in Figs. 3, 5, and 12 projects into the slot E in the secondary bolt E. Such arm has on its rear side the downwardly and rearwardly inclined cam-face m, to be engaged by the arin K on the secondary bolt, and on its front side the rounded cam-face m, to be engaged by the forward end of the slot E when the lever M is down in the position shown in Figs. 5 and 12 and the secondary bolt E is drawn or forced rearward far enough to carry the shoulder 7.; on the arm K to the rear of the shoulder m on the lever M. The block 1 2 can, if desired, be further guided'in its reciprocations within the recess M on the lever M by means of a pin m ,passing through a suitable opening and groove in the rear part of the lever and engaging a groove m in the (See Figs. 5 and 12.)
The lower and forward side of the arm m is slotted at m to allow the passage of the striking end of the hammer N to reach and strike the rear end of the firing-plunger F.
be engaged by the nose of the sear N piv-' oted to the frame by pins 02 n on the latter engaging pivotholes n n in the sear sides. As shown, (see Figs. 5 and 15,) such sear is slotted or cut away to admit the passage of the mainspring N forward to the hammer and has on its rear end'two slotted ears n or, provided with the inclined slots W91 engaged by the inner ends of pins n 01 screwed or, if desired, otherwise fastened to the arms n n of a fork formed on the forward end of the sliding sear-tripping device N which has its shank guided and sliding in a passage a in the block N", secured to the frame part A by ascrew-shank n tapped into thelatter. This screw-shank also passes through the main spring N, so that it and the block N serve to securely fasten the rear end of the mainspring in place.
The engagement of the arm with the A spiral spring at surrounding the seartripper shank and at opposite ends engaging, respectively, the block N and a shoulder at on such shank, serves to force and normally hold the sear-tripper'rearward to keep the hammer-engaging nose of the sear pressed upward against the hammer-cam by the stress of the spring 91 The sear will be thus held pressed against the hammer-cam with ayielding pressure, so that its nose will fly up behind the shoulder 17. when the hammer is cooked and will remain in engagement with such shoulder until the sear is rocked by the engagement of the pins a n with the inclined slots 71 n as the sear tripping device N is forced forward by a swing of the trigger N which is pivoted to the frame part A by the pin 11 and has its upper end pivotally connected with the arms 97. n of a fork on the rear end of the tripper-shank by a pin passing through such arms and an opening in the trigger.
To raise a cartridge up into the space D, within the part A of the frame, into position to be forced by the breech-bolt G into the cartridge-chamber a, I provide a rising-andfalling cartridge-carrier, having the cartridge receiving and supporting table 0, having its rear end pivotally supported on the end of the lever O by a pin 0 passing through ears 0 0 on the table and a perforated end of the lever between such ears and its forward end pivotally connected with a second lever O by a pin 0 passing through a lug 0 on the sage of the hammer N, has its rear end provided with a socket, in which is fastened the reduced shank 0' of the bar 0 which is supported at its rear end by a head 0 sliding upon a portion of the frame A and having a lug O projecting down through a slot 0 in such frame. The head 0 is kept down in place upon its supporting-surface, while left free to reciprocate thereon, by a guide-pin 0 on the head engaging a guide-opening 0 in the upright part a of the frame. Thelever O has in its forward and lower end a curved slot 0 engaged by a pin 0, supported by lugs 0 O on a piece 0 secured to the inner face of the part A of the frame at the forward end of the space or opening D in the frame.
Upon the forward end of the cartridge-carrier table 0 is a stud or pin 0 engaging a slot 13 in the arm P, attached to or formed on the rock-shaft P, having on its opposite ends pintles p p, journaled, respectively, in a bearing in the frame part A and in a bracket 19 secured to the frame part A This shaft carries the two curved cartridge-feeding arms P P, adapted, when rocked back away from the table 0, to receive a cartridge within their concave sides and then to deliver such cartridge over onto the table when the shaft P is rocked to carry said arms inward. The rock-shaft is situated so as to be close beside the table when the latter is down, and the slot 1) in the arm P is so arranged that the engagement of the pin or stud 0 therewith will cause the shaft to be rocked to carry the arms P I? outward and inward as the table rises and falls. The slot 1) is so formed that as the table descends the pin or stud 0", passing down in the slot, will not causethe arm P, and consequently the rock-shaft P, to be turned to carry the arms P P inward until just before the table comes to rest, and then the shaft will be rocked quickly to cause the arms to throw over upon the table 0 any cartridge which they may be engaging with their concave sides. The curvature of the slot 0 in the lever O, engaged by the stationary pin 0 is such that as the lever O is rocked to raise its forward end, and consequently that portion of the .table O connected with the latter lever, the lever 0 will also be rocked to raise its rear end to elevate the rear end of the table, the relative movements of the two levers O and O beingsnch that the table is, without being tilted, raised to carry the cartridge on it up into the desired position in front of the breech-bolt and with its bullet end in position to enter the cartridge-chamber a. (See Figs. 4c and 13.)
The bar 0 is reciprocated to cause the car tridge-carrier table 0 to be raised and lowered at the proper times with reference to the movements of the breech-bolt C and secondary bolt E by an arm E carried by the secondary bolt and forked to embrace the bar 0 Vith the cartridgc-carrier table down and the bar 0 forward in its normal position, as shown in Figs. 3 and 5, as the secondary bolt E is drawn or forced rearward the arm E just before the bolt reaches the limit of its rearward movement to retract the breech-bolt O strikes a shoulder 0 on the head 0 and forces the latter rearward into the position shown in Figs. 4 and 13, so as to suddenly retract the bar 0 and quickly rock the lever O to lift the carrier-table O. The head 0 and bar 0 are held as thus retracted by the nose of the spring-pawl R engaging the notch 0 in the lug O of the head 0 To move the bar 0 forward again to cause the carrier-table to be dropped as the secondary bolt approaches the limit of its forward movement, I provide a collar 0, which is adapted to be engaged at the proper time by the forward side of the arm on the secondary bolt, as shown in Figs. '3, 5, and 12. This collar is a screwthreaded one screwed upon the rear portion of the piece 0 which is connected and moves with the bar 0 as hereinbefore described.
D in the stock II.
This construction and arrangement of the abutment to be engaged by arm E is not necessary, though I prefer it as being one allowing of adjustment of surface to be engaged by said arm E to take up any wear. The collar 0 can be screwed forward and back upon the piece 0 and can be securely fastened at any adjustment by the set-nut 0 being screwed up against it.
When moved in themanner just above described to cause the cartridge-carrier to be dropped to its normal depressed position, the bar 0 is retained in its forward position not only by the weight of the carrier, but also by the nose of the spring-pawl R engaging the rearward notch 0 in the under side of the lug O on the bar-head 0 An upright transverse plate A, secured to the frame part A serves as an abutment and guide for the base or rear end of a cartridge resting on the carrier-table 0.
To eject a cartridge-shell withdrawn from the chamber a by the extractor-hook a when the breech-bolt O is retracted, I provide a rocking ejector having the shell engaging plate S, carried by a rock-shaft S, journaled at its forward end in a bearing in the frame and having its rear end supported in and extending through a bearing-piece s, secured to the frame part A (See Figs. 3, 4, and S.) The plate S is adapted when swung upward to stand to one side of the path of the breech-bolt O and secondary bolt E, as indicated in full lines in Fig. 8. From this position it can be swung by the rocking of the shaft. S down to that indicated by dotted lines in said figure, so that in its swing it will force the cartridgeshell away from the extractor-hook c and throw it downward and outward from the space D and out through an ejector-opening (Indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 1.) The shaft S bears upon its rear end, beyond the piece 3, a crank-arm S carrying a pin 3. It also has a hook-shaped arm 8 engaged by a spring S, which has one of its ends secured in the bearing-piece s and its other free end seated in the hook of the arm 5 so that its stress will tend to swing the latter arm inward in a direction to rock the shaft S to carry the plate S up into its retracted position, as shown in Fig. 8. To the rear end of the crank-arm S is another crank-arm S carrying an elongated lug s to engage the pin 8'. This arm S is fixed 011 a sliding and rocking shaft S journaled and sliding at its forward and rear ends, respectively, in bearing-pieces s 5 secured to the frame part A .To limit thesliding or longitudinal movement of the shaft in these bearing-pieces, the portions of the shaft engaged by the latter are preferably made smaller than the main part of the shaft, so as to leave the shoulders .9
As shown in Figs. 8 and 4, the shaft S is out of line with the ejector-shaft S, so that the paths of the lug s and pin 5' are eccentric to each other as the two shafts are rocked on their bearings, and the lugs is so arranged on the crank-arm S thatwheu the shaft S is moved forward in its bearings and is rocked to carry the lug s outward and downward such lug will first engage the pin 8' on the crank-arm S and force it outward to cause the shaft S to be rocked to carry the ejector-plate downward from its normal retracted position, andv then will pass off of such pin to allow the shaft S tobe rocked back again by the stress of the spring S The rearward movement of the shaft S in its bearings, allowed for in the manner hereinbefore described, is adapted to take the lug s to the rear of the pin 5, so that the shaft S can be rocked back to its first position without engagement.- of the lug and pin. (See Fig. 4.)
To hold the shaft S in its rearward and forward positions, respectively, until it is moved longitudinally by some power applied to it, I provide it with the two annular grooves s s to be engaged by the pin 3 on the spring pawl 5 secured to the rear bearing-piece The pin .5 snaps into the rear or forward one of these notches when the shaft 8 has been moved forward or rearward and holds the shaftfrom longitudinal movement,whi1e leav- I ing it free to rotate.
In order that the shaft S may be moved forward and rearward longitudinally as the secondary bolt E approaches, respectively, the forward and rearward limits of its reciprocation, I provide theshaft with the two pins 5 8 adapted to be engaged by the arm S secured to the secondary bolt.
In order to secure the proper rotary movement of the shaft S a portion of the latter is flattened or made non-cylindrical in crossse ction and the arm S is forked to embrace the shaft, as shown in Figs. 3, 4, and 6. The rear part of this flattened or non-cylindrical part of the shaft is twisted, as shown at so that the forked arm S engaging it will cause the shaft to be rocked to carry its arm 8* outward and inward, as the secondary bolt approaches and moves away from the limit of its rearward. movement. The engagement of the pawl-pin s with forward or rearward groove 5 serves to hold the shaft S in its rearward or forward positions until the arm S engages the forward or rearward one of pins 5 The cartridges which are to be fed to the cartridge-lifting carrier-table O are to be guided from any suitable magazine or source of supply down the cartridge-passage T, so that the lowest or first of them will rest against the outer curved convex sides of the arms P in position to fall upon the inner concave sides of the latter when the arms are rocked backward by the rocking of the shaft P, caused by the retraction ofthe secondary bolt E, by the means and in the manner hereinbefore described. The curvature of the outer sides of the arms allows them to be rocked back easily past the lowest or first of the cartridges which, when the arms are swung rearward, rests against them. The arms are of such length and form as to take only this one cartridge from the supply and carry it inward upon the table 0 as the arms swing inward again after such table has dropped to its normal depressed position again.
The cartridge I, which I use with my gun mechanism and which, as indicated hereinbefore, is preferably, though not necessarily, of the so-called flangeless kind, with a groove 2' to be engaged by the extractor-hook 0 has within it aplunger 1, adapted to reciprocate in and project through a central opening in the cartridge-head and carrying an enlargement in the form of a piston 1 fitting and movable in the passage 1 within the cartridge-shell. To the front of this piston the plunger has a shank I, which, extending forward within the shell, is adapted at its forward end to act as an eXploder to fire the cartridge-igniting primer. As shown in Fig. 21, such a primer, represented at i, is placed over the end of the plunger-shank and is adapted to be exploded by being driven against the base of the projectile 1 held in the front end of the cartridge-case With this arrangement the cartridge charge of explosive I will be ignited at its forward end, so that the best efi'ect in propulsion of the projectile will be secured when the cartridge is fired.
The rear end of the plunger 1 is adapted to be engaged and driven forward by the hereinbefore described firing-plunger F of my mechanism, as such latter plunger is driven forward by the blow of the hammer N after the closing and locking of the breech-closing devices, and to drive the firing-plunger rearward as the pressure of the gases of explosion within the cartridge forces the piston I rearward in the passage 1 The pressure of the gases thus transmit-ted to the firingplunger F drives the latter rearward with such force and momentum that it acts through the secondary bolt to unlock and open the breech mechanism and actuate the other parts in the manner to be described hereinafter.
The primer 2" to be exploded by the ignitingplunger 1' can, as indicated in Fig. 22, be placed upon a suitable anvil 2' in the rear end of the projectile or can be in the form of a percussion-disk resting against the projectilebase, as indicated in Fig. 23. It can also, if desired, be in the form of a pellet attached to the forward end of the shank of plunger I, as shown in Fig. 24:, or to the base of the projectile, as indicated in Fig. 25.
\Vhile the cartridge-shell can be made in one piece in the ordinary way, if desired, I prefer to make it as shown in the drawings that is, with an outer and inner shell, the inner one of which carries the cartridge base or head and is screwed into the outer part, the rear end of the latter being for that purpose threaded interiorly to be screwed upon the threaded rear portion of the inner shell. The inner shell extends well forward within the IIO outer one, as shown. This construction I have found to be advantageous not only as enabling me to best and most easily make my cartridge with its passage 1 for the piston 1 but to most conveniently prime and load the cartridge. It has been found also to make a good strong durable cartridge-shell capable of being reloaded and used repeatedly without injury. within the cartridge-chamber of a gun, the pressure of the gases of explosion expands the inner shell against the walls of theouter shell, so that there can be no leakage of gas rearward an d outward between the two shells,even where the threading of the screw-threaded rear parts of the shells is but small in depth and extent.
Vhile I have shown and described my cartridge as arranged to be fired bya primerignited by the forward end of the shank of the plunger within the cartridge, I do not intend to limit myself to the use of such a cartridge; but contemplate, where desired, employing other means for igniting the explosive charge.
A cartridge having a movable part to be driven rearward by the pressure of the gases of explosion and to engage and actuate the plunger F of my mechanism, and means whereby its charge can be ignited otherwise than in the manner described hereinbcfore and indicated in the drawings, can be used without involving departure from my invention so long as there is inor on the cartridge a movable part adapted to be moved by pres sure of the gases of explosion, and to engage and actuate directly or indirectly a part made movable with reference to the breech-closing head or bolt and adapted through suitable connections to actuate movable parts of the gun mechanism.
The operation of my mechanism as hereinbefore described, and shown in the drawings, is as follows: lVith the parts in the positions indicated in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 5,with the tube or cylinder G supported against rearward m ovement in the manner shown in Figs. 1,3, and 10 or in other desired way, and with cartridges supplied to passage T either by being dropped into such passage by hand or from a magazine orothersuitable source of su pply, so that there will be a cartridge in said passage resting against the armsp p of the cartridge-feeder, if there is no live cartridge in the chamber a or on the carrier-table O, the secondary bolt E is drawn back by the handle K until the arm E strikes the shoulder 0 on the head 0 on the bar 0 and carries such head and bar rearward. This movement of the bar 0 through the connection of the bar with the up right arm of lever 0 causes such lever to be raised, so that the table 0 is elevated in the manner hereinbefore indicated and to be described hereinafter. The lifting of the table 0 causes, through the engagement of its pin or stud 0 with the slot 29 in arm P, the shaft P to be rocked to carry the arms P P outward under and past the cartridge resting lVhen such a cartridge is fired against them in the ca rtridge-feedin g passage. That cartridge then falls in front of the concave inner sides of the arms P P, ready to be carried over inward by the latter when the shaft P is rocked inward again. The secondary bolt E is then moved forward, so that its arm E strikes the abutment or collar 0 and causes it and the bar 0 to move forward so as to cause the lever O and table 0 to be depressed again. The fall of this table because of the described connections between it and the arm P on the shaft P causes the latter to be rocked inward to make the arms P P throw the cartridge engaged by them over upon the table 0 in the position shown in Fig. 5. \Vith the passage T kept supplied with cartridges this feeding of a cartridge upon the table 0 will be repeated each time that the latter is returned to its normal depressed position after being raised to supply a cartridge to the place where the breech-bolt O can engage it and push it into the chamher a. \Vith the parts in position as indicated in Fig. 5, there being no cartridge in the chamber a, if it be desired to load the gun for firing the secondary boltE is drawn rearward by its handle K. Its first movement then causes the shoulder 7; on its arm K to engage the shoulder m at the rear end of the recess m in the sliding block m attached to the rod M, and move such block and rod rearward to retract the locking-bolt L from its recess Z, all as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 12. The retraction of this locking-bolt L leaves the locking-brace L free to be swung up on its pivots to disengage it from the rear side of the head of the breech-bolt O, and so leave the latter free to be subsequently retracted. Continued rearward movement of the secondary bolt E then causes the abutment at the forward end of the slot E to engage the face m on the forward side of the arm m on the lever M and so force such lever rearward. As the lever is thus moved it is causedto swing upward by the camming action of its inclined cam-surfaces m m engaging the inclines on the uprights A A on the frame until the arm m has been raised out of the slot E in the secondary bolt. The rearward movement and swing of the lever thus caused compel the locking-brace, which is pivotally connected with the forward end of the lever, to swing upward upon its pivotal supports on the frame A, so as to entirely disengage it from the breech-bolt O, as shown in Figs. 4c and 13. The slot on in the forward end of the rod M allows for the necessary relative movements of the rod end and the pin Z carried by the locking-bolt lb, as the lever M and locking-brace swing upon their different fulcra, the slot being curved, as shown, so that the pin Z rides in it without causing any longitudinal movement of the locking-bolt as the brace swings up or down. The above-described movement of the secondary bolt to cause the locking-brace to be unlocked and swung up to release the breech-bolt before the latter is started rearward out of the passage ct, in which it rests when in its normal breech-closing position, is allowed for by the spring connections between the breech-bolt and secondary bolt hereinbefore described. As the secondary bolt first moves rearward the inner end of its head E strikes the sliding collar on the shank C of the breech-bolt and forces such collar back against the stress of the spring C so that the latter will be compressed and will when the breech-bolt has been released and is free to move rearward force the same back quickly to return it to its normal position with relation to the secondary bolt. Should the breechbolt tend to stick in the breech, the head E on the secondary bolt will force the collar or washer 0 against the end of the hollow head 0 secured to the shank of the breeclrbolt,
and will positively force said shank, and consequently the breech-bolt, rearward to withdraw the latter from the breech. The driving of the washer against the head 0 by the head E will cause such a quick blow upon head C as will insure the starting of the breech-bolt rearward in spite of any tendency of the bolt or a cartridge-shell engaged by the extractor-hook c to stick in the breech. If the hammer N was not cocked before the beginning of the described retraction of the secondary bolt, it will be cocked or swung back to carry its shoulder a in position to be engaged by the sear N by the engagement of the forward end of slot E with it as the said bolt moves rearward. The continued movement of the secondary bolt retracts it and the breech-bolt-, so that the latter finally stands to the rear of the upward path to be taken by the base of a cartridge resting upon and raised by the table 0. In the meantime the spring G in the tube or cylinder G has been compressed by the movement of the extension or piston E and the head or follower G with the secondary bolt. As the latter approaches the limit of its rearward movement its arm E engaging the shoulder 0 on the head 0 of the bar 0 suddenly forces the latter rearward to swing the lever O quickly upward in the manncrhereinbefore described. This swing of the lever O raises the front end of the cartridge-carrier table and at the same time, through the engagement of its pin 0 with the slot o in lever O and the engagement of the fixed pin 0 with the slot 0 also in the lever 0, causes the latter lever to also swing to raise the rear end of the table 0. In this way the table is raised to the position shown in Fig. 13, with the cartridge carried upon it in position to be engaged by the breech-bolt G, and forced by the latter during its subsequent forward movement into the chamber a. As the bar 0 is driven rearward to cause the carrier 0 to be raised in the manner described the nose of the spring-pawl R snaps into the notch o in the lug O of the bar-head 0 so as to retain the bar and consequently the carrier 0 in the bolt approaches the limit of its forward movement, so as to carry the breech-bolt head into the passage a behind the cartridge, the arm K on it strikes the inclined face on on the arm m of lever M and cams the latter down from the position shown in Figs. 4 and 13 to that shown in Figs. 3 and 12. The movement of the lever M as it'is.thus cammed down is both a rocking and sliding one, the
fulcrum of the lever consisting then of the lugs or studs m m on the lever sides, sliding downward and forward in the bearing-slots m m the result of the described camming down and movement of the lever being, be cause of the pivotal connections between the lever and locking-brace, a downward swing of the latter to carry its breech-bolt-engaging end down behind the breech-bolt. (See Fig. 12.) Should the head of the breech-bolt be not fully seated in place in the passage behind the cartridge, the downward and forward travel of the front end of the lockingbrace will by the engagement of such end with the rear side of such head force the latter home. To facilitate such camming action and insure that the brace shall swing down Without check into place to lock the breech-bolt, I round or bevel off the lower edge of the forward end of the brace, as indicated in Figs. 12, 13, and 15. The downward swing of the lever M to force the locking-brace into breech-bolt-holding position carries the arm m of such lever down into the slot E in the secondary bolt, so that the arm K on the latter bolt is in the recess m of the sliding block M in position to engage the forward end of such recess and to pass forward to bring its shoulder k over the shoulder m on the lever M as the secondary bolt continues its forward movement after it has cammed the latter lever down. Such conti nued movement of the secondary bolt causes the arm K to force the block M forward to reciprocate the rod M and so force the locking-bolt L home in the recess Z on the frame to securely lock the brace L. down in its breech-bolt-holding position. The shoulder k on the secondary bolt-arm K,then standing above the shoulder m on the lever M, securely locks the latter down. The gun is now loaded and ready for firing upon the pull of trigger N and another cartridge has been fed over upon the carrier-table by the rocking of the arms P P caused through the hereinbefore-described connections by the de- ICC scent of the table 0, due to the forward movement of the bar O" and piece 0 which are actuated by the arm E on the secondary bolt E engaging the collar 0 as such bolt approaches the limit of its forward motion. If now the trigger N be pulled, the sliding seartripper connected with the trigger will be ac-' tuated against the stress of spring n so that the pin a, carried by its fork-arms, will, by its engagement with the inclined slots of n on the sear N trip the latter to release the shoulder 11/ on the hainmerN. The hammer will then under stress of its spring N strike the rear end of the firing-plunger F, project ing into the slot E in the secondary bolt, and will drive such plunger forward against the stress of its retracting-spring F to engage an d actuate the igniting pin or plunger 1 in the cartridge. The movement of this latter pin or plunger fires the primer 1 to explode the cartridge charge, and the pressure of the gases of explosion then drives the piston I rearward with great force and quickness, so as to throw back the firing-plunger 1 which is engaging the rear end of the igniting-plunger. The firing-pin F, being thus driven rearward, forces the hammer N back with its rear end, and its momentum carries its fixed collar or enlargement F against the bottom or rear end of the main bore of the tubular part of the secondary bolt E. The momentum of the firing-plunger then forces the secondary bolt quickly rearward to cause the locking-brace to be unlocked and swung up, the breech-bolt to be retracted, and a new cartridge to be raised by the cartridge-carrier up into the path of the forward end of the retracted breech-bolt just as such operation and movement of the parts were before caused by the rearward movement of the secondary bolt, as hereinbefore described. 'Before the table 0 is raised to bring the new cartridge into the just above described position the extracting-hook c on the breech-bolt, engaging the groove t'of the fired cartridge-shell, withdraws the latter from the chamber of the gun, and the forked arm S on secondary bolt E, engaging the spiral or twisted part of the flattened shaft S rotates such shaft to cause the lug s on the crank-arm s to engage and move the pin 3 on the crank arm S outward to rock the shaft S and swing the ejector finger or plate S quickly downward and inward to strike the extracted shell from the extractorhook c and throw it out through the ejectoropening D. The lug then passes off the pin 8, and the spring S quickly causes the shaft S to rock back again to carry the plate S up into its normal retracted position again. As the secondary bolt approaches its extreme rearward position its forked arm S, engaging the rear pin 3, drives the shaft rearward, so that its lug s can swing back past the pin 5 as the shaft is turned back by the subsequent forward movement of arm S with the secondary bolt E. The air confined in the tube or cylinder G to the rear of the extension E and piston head or follower G" and only able to escape through the port or ports 9 g serves to slow down the speed of the rearward throw of the secondarybolt E without stopping it, while the spring G being compressed, is storing up energy, which when the secondary bolt has finished its rearward travel acts to throw it forward again toward and into its normal position, from which it was started by rearward driving of the firingplunger F, caused by the firing of the cartridge, as hereinbefore described. On its way forward to such normal position the secondary bolt causes the move- ,ment of the various parts, as set forth hereinbefore in the description of the operation of the first loading of the gun, so that a new cartridge will be driven into the cartridgechamber by the breech-bolt, thelocking-brace will be forced down to lock such bolt and will itself be locked, the cartridge-carrier will be depressed and another cartridge from passage T will be fed upon the carrier-table by the arms P P of the feeder, and the shaft S will by the engagement of the arm S with the forward one of the pins .5 be reciprocated to bring its lug s over behind the pins on the crank-arm S on the ejector-shaft S in position to engage and actuate such pin when the shaft S is next rotated to cause ejection of a shell, in the manner described hereinbefore. The firingplunger F is held normally retracted in the secondary bolt by its spring F to be ready to be driven forward by a blow of the hammer N. If after the hereinbefore-described firing the trigger N be held retracted, the hammer will when the slot E in the secondary bolt is brought over it by the forward travel of such bolt fly up under stress of its spring N andstrike the projecting end of the firing-plungerF to cause the latter to engage and actuate the igniting pin or plunger of the new cartridge inserted in the cartridge-chamber. The operation of the parts of the gun mechanism consequent upon the firing of the first cartridge will then be repeated and the gun will go on firing automatically with great rapidity as long as the trigger is held retracted and cartridges are kept supplied to the passage T from any suitable source of supply. \Vhen it is desired that the firing should cease, all that is necessary is to release the trigger, which will allow the sear N to engage the cocking-shoulder n 011 the hammer and hold the latter retracted. The mechanism will then cease its automatic operation with a cartridge inserted in the cartridgechamber and the gun made ready to be again fired when the hammer is again released by a pull upon the trigger.
Where it is desired to use the gun to fire a single shot at the will of the user without antomatic repetition of the firing, all that is necessary is to pull and quickly release the trigger. The gun will then be fired and reloaded, ready for firing again, as desired.
No claims are made herein to my cartridge by itself, as I have made such cartridge the adapted to be actuated by a movable part of a cartridge in the gun-chamber in rear of the projectile, means for-locking the breech-closing device, and connections between such locking means and the plunger, whereby the movement of the latter causes the breechclos'ing device to be unlocked, substantially as and for the purpose described.
2. In a gun, in which the firing-plunger moves rearward to effect the unlocking of the breech-closing mechanism, in combination with a movable breech-closing device, a plunger movable with reference to such device and adapted to engage a movable part of a cartridge in the gunchamber, a movable piece adapted to be driven rearward by the plunger, means for locking the breech-closing device, and connections between such locking means and the plunger, whereby the rearward movement of the latter causes the breechclosing device to be unlocked, substantially as and for the purpose described.
3. In a gun, in which the firing-plunger moves rearward to effect the unlocking of the breech-closing mechanism, in combination with a movable breech-closing device, a plunger movable with reference to such device, and adapted to engage a movable part of a cartridge, seated in the chamber of the gun, a lockingbrace for the breech-closing device, means for moving the locking-brace, and connections between such means and the plunger, whereby movement of the latter causes the lockingbrace to be moved to release the breech-closing device, substantially as and for the purpose described.
4:. I11 a gun, in which the firing-plunger moves rearward to effect the unlocking of the.
breechclosing mechanism, in combination with a movable breech-closing device, a plunger movable with reference to such device, and adapted to engage a movable part of a cartridge seated in the chamber of the gun, a locking-brace for the breech-closing device, a lever connected with such device to actuate the same, and connections between such lever and the pl1inger,wl1ereby rearward movement of the plunger causes the lever to be actuated to disengage the lockingbrace from the breechclosing device, substantially as and for the purpose described.
5. In a gun, in which the firing-plunger moves rearward to effect the unlocking of the breech -closing mechanism, in combination with a movable breech-closin g device, a plunger movable with reference to the latter, and adapted to be actuated by a movable part of a cartridge seated in the chamber of the gun, a locking-brace for the breechclosing device, means for moving the locking device, and a movable piece engaged by the plunger, as the latter moves rearward, and itself adapted to engage and actuate the locking-brace-moving means, substantially as and for the purpose I described.
6. In a gun, in which the-firing-plunger moves rearward to actuate the breech mechanism, in combination with a movable breechclosing device, a plunger movable with reference to the latter, a locking-brace for the breech-closing device, a lever connected with the brace, a movable piece adapted to be en-' gaged and moved by a portion of the plunger, and a' bearing on the lever to be engaged by the movable piece, substantially as and for the purpose described.
7. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device and a plunger movable with reference to the latter, and adapted to be so moved by the action of the gases of explosion, a locking-brace for the breech-closing device, a movable piece adapted to be engaged and actuated by the plunger, a lever connected with the locking-brace and having a bearing in the path of the movable piece, and inclines on the lever and 011 a stationary support,respectively, to cam the lever upward as it is moved by the movable piece, substantially as and for the purpose described.
8. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device adapted to engage and support the base of a cartridge seated in the gun-chamber and a plunger movable with reference to such device, a locking-brace for the breech-closing device, a movable piece having an abutment in the path of part of the plunger and an arm, and a lever connected with the locking-brace, having an arm with an abutment to be engaged by a bearing on the movable piece, and an inclined face to be engaged by the arm on such piece, substantially as and for the purpose described.
9. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device, a movable lockingbrace for the latter, a movable piece having an abutment and an arm, and a lever connected with the locking-brace, having an arm with a bearing to be engaged by the abutment on the movable piece, as the latter moves in one direction, and an inclined face to be engaged by the arm on the piece, as the latter moves in the other direction, substantially as and for the purpose described.
10. In agun, in combination withamovable breech-closing device and a movable lockingbrace therefor, a movable piece having an abutment and an arm, a lever connected with the locking-brace, having an arm provided with a bearing to be engaged by the abutment on the movable piece, an inclined face to be engaged by the arm on such piece, and
I IC
a locking-shoulder to be engaged by a portion of such arm to lock the lever from movement, substantiallyas and for the purpose described.
11. In agun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device and a movable lockingbrace therefor, a movable piece having an abutment and an arm, a lever connected with the locking-brace, having an arm provided with a bearing to be engaged by the abutment on the movable piece, an incline to be engaged by the arm on such piece, and a shoulder at the upper end of the incline, sub stantially as and for the purpose described.
12. In agun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device and a movable lockingbrace therefor, a movable piece having an abutment and an arm, a lever connected with the locking-brace and having an arm with a bearing and an incline, to be engaged, respectively, by the abutment and arm on the movable piece, a sliding rod on the lever, having a head with a recess, into which the arm on the movable piece projects, and in which such arm can move, when the lever is down, and a locking-bolt, carried by the lockingbrace, connected with the rod, and adapted to enter a locking-recess in a part supported on the gun-frame, substantially as and for the purpose described.
13. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device, and a pivoted lockingbrace therefor, a lever pivotally connected with the locking-brace, and having an arm provided, on its rear side, with an inclined face, rearwardly and upwardly inclined bearing-faces on the lever and on a suitable support or supports, respectively,. a sliding rod on the lever having a head with a recess, a locking-bolt on the locking-brace, to engage a suitable recess in a stationary part, connec tions between such bolt and the rod, and a movable piece having an abutment to engage the forward side of the lever-arm, as the piece is moved rearward, and an arm to engage the incline on the lever-arm, as the piece moves forward again, the arm on such movable piece projecting up into the recess in the head on the rod, substantially as and for-the purpose described.
4 let. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device and a pivoted lockingbrace therefor, a lever pivotally connected with the locking-brace and having an arm provided with an inclined face on its rear side, one or more upwardly and rearwardlyinclined faces on the lever engaging one or more inclined faces on a fixed support or supports, a sliding rod on the lever having a head with a recess situated above the upper end of the inclined face on the lever-arm, a locking-bolt carried by the locking-brace, a fixed part carried by the gun-frame, to receive the end of such bolt, when the brace is down, a pin connected with the bolt and engaging a slot in the end of the sliding rod projectingfrom the lever, and a movable piece having an abutment or shoulder to engage the forward side of the lever-arm, and an arm, to engage the inclined face on the rear side of the leverarm, projecting up into the recess in the head on the sliding rod, when the lever is swung down to put the locking-brace in position to hold the breech-closing device closed, substantially as and for the purpose described.
15. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device and a swinging lockingbrace therefor, a lever pivotally connected with the brace and having an arm provided with a rearwardly and downwardly inclined face on its rear side, a shoulder at the upper end of such inclined face, and one or more upwardly and rearwardly inclined faces, engaging a correspondingly-inclined face or faces on a suitable support or supports independent of the lever, a sliding rod on the lever, having a head with a recess above the shoulder on the lever, a locking-bolt carried by the locking-brace and connected with the sliding rod by a pin engaging a slot in the rod, a fixed piece carrying a locking-recess for the bolt end, and a movable piece having an abutment to engage the forward side of the lever-arm, as the piece moves rearward, and an arm to engage the inclined face on the rear side of the lever-arin,as the piece moves forward, such arm on the movable piece having its upper end projecting forward to engage the forward end of the recess in the rodhead, and to stand over the shoulder on the lever-arm, as the movable piece is moved forward, after the lever is down, substantially as and for the purpose described.
16. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech-closin g device and a pivoted lockingbrace therefor, a lever pivotally connected with the locking-brace and having an arm with a rearwardly and downwardly inclined face on its rear side, and a shoulder at the upper end of such inclined face, rearwardly and upwardly inclined faces on the sides of the lever, engaging correspondingly-inclined faces on fixed supports independent of the lever, studs or pins on the lever engaging upwardly and rearwardly inclined slots in such supports, a sliding rod'carried by the lever and having its forward end provided with a slot, a sliding bolt on the locking-brace having a pin engaging the slot in the rod end, a suitable fixed part carrying a recess to receive the bolt end when the latter is forced forward, a head on the sliding rod having a recess above the shoulder at the upper end of the inclined face on the lever-arm, and a movable piece having an abutment to engage the forward side of the lever-arm, and an upwardly and forwardly projecting arm, to engage the inclined face on the lever-arm, having shoulder to engage the ends of the recess in the rod-head, as the arm is moved forward and back within such recess, and a shoulder to engage the shoulder on the lever-arm, substantially as and for the purpose described.
17. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech closing device, a movable plunger adapted to be moved in one direction by the action of the gases ofexplosion, that at one point in its movement in the opposite direction engages a movable part of a cartridge seated in the chamber of a gun, a movable piece, engaged and actuated by such plunger, and connections between such piece and the breech-closing devices to retract the latter to open the breech, substantially as and for the purpose described.
18. In a gun, in combination with a movable breechclosing device, a movable plunger adapted to be moved rearward by the action of the gases of explosion, that at one point in its forward movement engages a movable part of a cartridge in the chamber of a gun, a movable piece, engaged and forced rearward by the plunger and connections between such piece and the breech-closing device, to open and close the latter as the movable piece moves rearward and forward, respectively, substantially as and for the purpose described.
19. In agun, in combination with a movable breech closing device, a movable plunger adapted to be moved by the action of the gases of explosion, a movable piece engaged an d forced rearward by the plunger,and yielding connections between the movable piece and the breech-closing device, .to force the latter rearward and forward, as the movable piece moves rearward and forward, substantially as and for the purpose described.
20. In agun, in combination with a movable breech closing device, a movable plunger adapted to be moved by the action of the gases of explosion, a movable piece -engaged and forced rearward by the plunger, connections between such piece and the breech-closing device, whereby the latter is opened and closed, as the movable piece moves rearward and forward, and spring mechanism compressed by the rearward travel of the movable piece, to throw such piece forward again, substantially as and for the purpose described.
21. In agun, in combination with a movable breech closing device, a movable plunger adapted to be moved by the action of the gases of explosion, a movable piece engaged and forced rearward by the plunger, connections between such piece and the breech-closing device, whereby the latter is opened and closed by the rearward and forward movements, respectively, of the piece, a head connected and traveling with the movable piece, and a spring engaged by such head, substantially as and for the purpose described.
22. In a gun, in combination with a movable breech closing device, a movable plunger adapted to be moved by the action of the gases of explosion, a movable piece engaged and forced rearward by the plunger, connec tions between such piece and the breech-closing device, whereby the latter is opened and closed by the rearward and forward movements, respectively, of the piece, a pistonhead connected and traveling with the movable piece, a closed cylinder, in which such head fits and travels, having one or more airports, and a spring in such cylinder ei'igaged by the head, substantiallyas and for the purpose described.
23. In agun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device and a plunger adapted to be moved by the action of the gases of explosion moving through the same, a reciprocating piece engaged and forced rearward by the plunger, as the latter is driven rearward,connections between such piece and the breech-closin g device, whereby rearward and forward travel of the piece opens and closes the breech-closing device, and spring mechanism, to throw the reciprocating piece forward again, when it has been driven rearward, substantially as and for the purpose described.
24:. In agun, in combination with a movable breech-closing device, a plunger adapted to be moved by the action of the gases of explosion moving through the same and having a head or enlargement, a reciprocating piece having an abutment to be engaged by the rear end of the head or enlargement on the plunger, a head on the reciprocating piece, connections between such head and breechclosing device, to allow the reciprocating piece to travel rearward a certain distance with relation to the breech-closing device, and then to carry the latter with it, spring mechanism to throw the reciprocating piece forward again, and connections between such piece and the breech-closing device, whereby the forward movement of the piece closes such device, substantially as and for the purpose described.
25. In agun,in combination with the breechclosing device, having ashank provided with a head, at or near its rear end, a plunger adapted to be moved by the action of the gases of explosion moving through such device, and having an enlargement or head, a reciprocating piece having an abutment to be engaged by the rear end of the head on the plunger and a head through which the shank of the breech-closing device passes, a loose collaron this shank, a spring between the collar and a bearing on the head on the shank of the breechclosing device, aslidingcollaron the plunger, to the rear of the latter head, and a spring engaging such collar and the forward side of the head or enlargement on the plunger, substantially as and for the purpose described.
26. In combination with the reciprocating breech-bolt, a plunger moving through the bolt and having an enlargement or head, a secondary bolt having a head through which the shank of the breech-bolt passes, a head on such shank within the secondary bolt, a loose collar on the shank engaging a shoulder on the latter, adapted to hold the collar normally a certain distance to the rear of the head of the secondary bolt, a spring on the breech-bolt shank between the collar and a IIO
US624145D Automatic firearm Expired - Lifetime US624145A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US624145A true US624145A (en) 1899-05-02

Family

ID=2692749

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US624145D Expired - Lifetime US624145A (en) Automatic firearm

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US624145A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2523704A (en) * 1945-04-21 1950-09-26 Oerlikon Buehrle Ag Automatic firearm breech bolt locking mechanism
US2568078A (en) * 1946-10-21 1951-09-18 Gene C Holmes Cartridge
US3431853A (en) * 1966-01-06 1969-03-11 Albert C Warner Defensive weapon and cartridge therefor
US3855900A (en) * 1959-01-07 1974-12-24 Aircraft Armaments Inc System for primer actuation of bolt
US3885500A (en) * 1973-10-05 1975-05-27 Valinor Anstalt Percussion igniter for projectiles and projectile embodying the same
US4246830A (en) * 1978-06-09 1981-01-27 Krieger Robert R Firing pin

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2523704A (en) * 1945-04-21 1950-09-26 Oerlikon Buehrle Ag Automatic firearm breech bolt locking mechanism
US2568078A (en) * 1946-10-21 1951-09-18 Gene C Holmes Cartridge
US3855900A (en) * 1959-01-07 1974-12-24 Aircraft Armaments Inc System for primer actuation of bolt
US3431853A (en) * 1966-01-06 1969-03-11 Albert C Warner Defensive weapon and cartridge therefor
US3885500A (en) * 1973-10-05 1975-05-27 Valinor Anstalt Percussion igniter for projectiles and projectile embodying the same
US4246830A (en) * 1978-06-09 1981-01-27 Krieger Robert R Firing pin

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7562614B2 (en) Closed bolt system with trigger assembly for converting a fully automatic submachine gun into a semi-automatic carbine
US1786207A (en) Machine gun
US1972763A (en) Firearm construction
US2090656A (en) Automatic firearm
US2436175A (en) Automatic firearm
US3491650A (en) Firearm
US2146185A (en) Automatic firearm
US2112660A (en) Automatic gun
US2144241A (en) Automatic rifle
US1749137A (en) Machine gun
US1293021A (en) Automatic machine-gun.
US2125350A (en) Firearm
US747585A (en) Automatic firearm.
US580924A (en) Firearm
GB616595A (en) Improvements in or relating to automatic guns
US768665A (en) Recoil-operated firearm.
US580679A (en) Magazine-gun
US1028032A (en) Automatic repeating firearm.
US858745A (en) One-pounder machine-gun.
GB136166A (en) Improvements in or relating to Machine Guns.
US684055A (en) Automatic firearm.
US2865255A (en) Firearm with transversely movable barrel chamber
US834753A (en) Automatic firearm.
US1525065A (en) Automatic firearm
US696306A (en) Automatic gun.