US2985883A - Sports helmet - Google Patents

Sports helmet Download PDF

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Publication number
US2985883A
US2985883A US78854759A US2985883A US 2985883 A US2985883 A US 2985883A US 78854759 A US78854759 A US 78854759A US 2985883 A US2985883 A US 2985883A
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Prior art keywords
helmet
guard
snap
face
front
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Michael T Marietta
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Michael T Marietta
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/18Face protection devices
    • A42B3/20Face guards, e.g. for ice hockey

Description

y 1961 M. T. MARIETTA 2,985,883

SPORTS HELMET Filed Jan. 23, 1959 1 II II --n II I,

INVENTOR MICHAEL LMRIETTA ATTORNEY SPORTS HELMET Michael T. Marietta, 302 Empire State Bank Bldg.,

, Tex.

Filed Jan. 23, 1959, Ser. No. 788,547 2.;Claims. (Cl. 2-9) This invention relates to helmets used in sports, more particularly football, and has primary reference to an improved face guard.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide a face guard comprising upper and lower members connected by vertical struts to not only strengthen the front portion thereof, but to also more adequately protect the face of the user.

Another object of the invention is to construct an in1- proved face guard having attaching portions to receive pairs of fastenings which not only provide a firm and stable connection between the rear portion of the guard and the helmet, but also make it possible for one of said fastenings to be made to permit the snap-on fastener of the chin strip to be readily and easily connected thereto, thereby assuring quick and easy mounting of the helmet on the head of the wearer.

With the above and other objects in view, which will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the invention consists in the novel construction, combination, and arrangement of parts, hereinafter more fully described, illustrated and claimed.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective View of the helmet with the face guard and chin strap assembled in relation thereto.

Figure 2 is a side elevation of the helmet shown in Figure 1 with one end of the chin strap loose from its fastening to better expose the latter.

Figure 3 is a detail horizontal cross-sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is an exploded view of a portion of the ear flap, terminal portion of the face guard, and the fastenings for connecting the face guard with the helmet.

Figure 5 is a vertical cross-sectional view of a specially designed screw with a snap head which operates independently fiom the snap on the helmet.

Similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several figures of the drawings.

The body of the helmet is designated generally as A, and as usual the front portion is open to permit the user to have normal range of vision. The side walls of the helmet are provided with the enlarged portions B which house the ear flaps C and also protect the wearers face and cars from the inner ends of the dual fastening elements D and E carried by the terminal portion F of the face guard G.

As will be seen from Figures 1 and 2, the guard G comprises upper and lower rail elements 1 and 2 which diverge from the terminal attaching portions F and are held in spaced relation by the vertical struts 3 located generally to either side of the zone of the mouth of the wearer of the helmet. These struts are preferably formed integrally with the rails but may be separately applied if desired. The guard G is of substantially U-shape formation and upper and lower rail elements 1 and 2 are integral with the terminal portion F previously referred to.

Referring first to the fastening D it will be observed from Figures 3 and 4 that the same includes a nut 4 havte t t s Pe 0 Patented May 30, 1961 ing an internally threaded portion 5 for receiving the threaded shank of a fastening screw 6 which passes through aligned openings 6a and 6b located in members B and F, respectively. A lock washer 7 may be used to secure the screw in position. I

The fastening E, which is of special formation, includes a two-piece eyelet 8 and 9 (Figure 4) whose central bore 8a receives the threaded shank 10 of the special fastening whose head includes flange 11 and a snap-ring 12. The threaded shank 10 passes through the opening 13 in the terminal portion F of the guard G and also projects through the bore of the two-piece eyelet 89 to receive a nut 14. In order to accommodate the outer portion 9 of the two-piece eyelet, the inner face of the terminal portion F of the face guard is recessed as indicated at 13a.

It will thus be seen that the face guard G is securely supported on the element A at two points, namely, by fastenings D and E so that the guard is secured to the helmet in a manner that it will not move relative to the helmet under extreme pressure.

Another distinctive feature of the invention is that the provision of the special fastenings 10, 11, 12, shown in Figures 2, 3, 4, and 5, makes it possible to readily attach the chin strap S to the helmet so that it will not interfere with the securement of the terminal portion of the guard to the helmet. For example, the chin strap S, which is adjustable in a conventional manner, is provided on each adjusting buckle with a snap fastener cup or female member 15 which enables the ends of the chin strap to be secured to opposite male fastener members B after it is once adjusted, while at the same time the face guard itself is rigidly supported in position.

From the foregoing it will now be seen that the present invention provides a skeletal face guard, comprising upper and lower guard rails 1 and 2 held in spaced relation by cross struts 3 while their end portions converge into a solid terminal F provided with spaced openings along the longitudinal axis of the terminal to cooperate with the fastenings D and E to firmly secure the guard to the helmet and also permit the chin strap to be adjusted and snapped into position once the helmet is on the head of the wearer. The guard G is preferably made of nylon or equivalent material to provide the necessary lightness and strength to stand punishment in the field.

I claim:

1. A sports helmet held to the head of the wearer by a chin strap and having lower side wall portions each pro vided with spaced front and rear openings, said chin strap having a female snap element at each of its ends, a face guard including upper and lower spaced rails diverging from terminal portions having front and rear openings registering with said front and rear openings in the side wall portions of the helmet, struts for maintaining the rails in spaced relation, screw fasteners in the rear openings of said helmet side wall portions and said face guard, a fixed snap fastener having an axial bore and mounted in the ones of said spaced openings in registration with said front openings of said face guard and extending outwardly from the outer surface of said lower side wall portions, a counter-sunk portion in each of said front openings on the internal side of said terminal portions and adapted to enclose said outwardly extending snap fasteners, and bolt fasteners in the front openings ex tending through said snap fasteners and having an exposed snap-on head to engage with the female strap element of said chin strap.

2. In a sports helmet held to the head of the wearer by a chin strap, and having depending lower side walls each of which has front and rear openings, a snap fastener member secured in each of said front openings and projecting beyond the outer surface of said side walls the combination comprising, a face guard including solid ter- ,for receiving said front and rear vfastenings, respectively,

including a counter-sunk portion in said front opening interiotly of said terminal portion for receiving said snap fastener member projecting from said side walltand permit the inner face of said terminal portions to lie flush with the outer face of said side walls, .one of said fastenings having an exposed snap-on head to receive a mating {snap 1o fastener carried by the chin strap.

UNITED STATES PATENTS Nelson Aug. 22, 1933 Adams Sept. 30, 1952 Snyder Mar. 19, 1957 Rappleyeaet a1 Mar. 19, 1957 Adams Sept. 9, 1958

US2985883A 1959-01-23 1959-01-23 Sports helmet Expired - Lifetime US2985883A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3106716A (en) * 1962-05-28 1963-10-15 Tex Sun Glove Company Football helmet face guard and chin strap attachment means
US3148375A (en) * 1962-02-20 1964-09-15 Cordell C Jones Football helmet harness
US3166761A (en) * 1961-09-27 1965-01-26 Brunswick Corp Chin strap construction for football helmets
US3186004A (en) * 1962-06-07 1965-06-01 Richard E Carlini Protective helmet
US3274613A (en) * 1964-02-03 1966-09-27 Theo J Sowle Pivoting face guard assembly
US3423758A (en) * 1966-07-28 1969-01-28 Bell Toptex Inc Helmet shield fastener
US3706101A (en) * 1970-11-27 1972-12-19 Mario Plastino Head protecting headwear
US3897598A (en) * 1974-11-04 1975-08-05 Daniel Bednarczuk Protective helmet
US4051556A (en) * 1976-10-20 1977-10-04 The Kendall Company Chin strap for protective headgear
US20070022462A1 (en) * 2005-07-21 2007-01-25 Shunichi Kojima Image forming apparatus, storage medium storing program for acquiring time stamp, digital data management system, and method for acquiring time stamp
US20070192944A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2007-08-23 Ide Thad M Sports helmet
US20140000015A1 (en) * 2012-07-02 2014-01-02 Michio Arai Microphone mounting device and open-face helmet
US8739599B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2014-06-03 Bio-Applications, LLC Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
US9289024B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2016-03-22 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US9398783B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2016-07-26 Kranos Ip Corporation Helmet with shell having raised central channel and ear holes with abutting slopped banks
US9763488B2 (en) 2011-09-09 2017-09-19 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US9788591B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2017-10-17 Riddell, Inc. Quick release connector

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1923388A (en) * 1928-06-07 1933-08-22 Burnett Walker Nut lock for vehicle wheels
US2611897A (en) * 1950-10-17 1952-09-30 Joe R Adams Helmet with face guarding means
US2785405A (en) * 1955-06-02 1957-03-19 Robert P Snyder Football helmet face guard
US2785406A (en) * 1956-01-30 1957-03-19 John T Riddell Inc Tubular face guard
US2850740A (en) * 1957-05-01 1958-09-09 Joe R Adams Helmet having a bifurcated crossbraced face guard

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1923388A (en) * 1928-06-07 1933-08-22 Burnett Walker Nut lock for vehicle wheels
US2611897A (en) * 1950-10-17 1952-09-30 Joe R Adams Helmet with face guarding means
US2785405A (en) * 1955-06-02 1957-03-19 Robert P Snyder Football helmet face guard
US2785406A (en) * 1956-01-30 1957-03-19 John T Riddell Inc Tubular face guard
US2850740A (en) * 1957-05-01 1958-09-09 Joe R Adams Helmet having a bifurcated crossbraced face guard

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3166761A (en) * 1961-09-27 1965-01-26 Brunswick Corp Chin strap construction for football helmets
US3148375A (en) * 1962-02-20 1964-09-15 Cordell C Jones Football helmet harness
US3106716A (en) * 1962-05-28 1963-10-15 Tex Sun Glove Company Football helmet face guard and chin strap attachment means
US3186004A (en) * 1962-06-07 1965-06-01 Richard E Carlini Protective helmet
US3274613A (en) * 1964-02-03 1966-09-27 Theo J Sowle Pivoting face guard assembly
US3423758A (en) * 1966-07-28 1969-01-28 Bell Toptex Inc Helmet shield fastener
US3706101A (en) * 1970-11-27 1972-12-19 Mario Plastino Head protecting headwear
US3897598A (en) * 1974-11-04 1975-08-05 Daniel Bednarczuk Protective helmet
US4051556A (en) * 1976-10-20 1977-10-04 The Kendall Company Chin strap for protective headgear
US8528118B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2013-09-10 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US8938818B2 (en) * 2002-05-01 2015-01-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US7954177B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2011-06-07 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US20070192944A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2007-08-23 Ide Thad M Sports helmet
US20070022462A1 (en) * 2005-07-21 2007-01-25 Shunichi Kojima Image forming apparatus, storage medium storing program for acquiring time stamp, digital data management system, and method for acquiring time stamp
US9788591B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2017-10-17 Riddell, Inc. Quick release connector
US9289024B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2016-03-22 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US9398783B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2016-07-26 Kranos Ip Corporation Helmet with shell having raised central channel and ear holes with abutting slopped banks
US8739599B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2014-06-03 Bio-Applications, LLC Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
US9814391B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2017-11-14 Don B. Hennig Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
US9763488B2 (en) 2011-09-09 2017-09-19 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US20140000015A1 (en) * 2012-07-02 2014-01-02 Michio Arai Microphone mounting device and open-face helmet

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