US2984935A - Building element for toy structures - Google Patents

Building element for toy structures Download PDF

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Publication number
US2984935A
US2984935A US798931A US79893159A US2984935A US 2984935 A US2984935 A US 2984935A US 798931 A US798931 A US 798931A US 79893159 A US79893159 A US 79893159A US 2984935 A US2984935 A US 2984935A
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notches
discs
building element
depth
pairs
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Expired - Lifetime
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US798931A
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George R Beck
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George R Beck
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/04Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts
    • A63H33/06Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements

Description

May 23, 1961 I. lIllI INVENTOR.
George R. Beck United States Patent BUILDING ELEMENT FOR TOY STRUCTURES George R. Beck, 530 Pleasant, Boulder, Colo.
Filed Mar. 12, 1959, Ser. No. 798,931
6 Claims. (Cl. 46-25) My present invention relates to a building element for toy structures and to a structure composed of a multiplicity of such elements.
Toys are known in which different structures can be assembled from fiat pieces of wood or plastic provided with peripheral notches which enable these pieces to be fitted together at right angles to one another. Hereto fore, however, the choice of structures to be built with a given set was severely limited by the available shapes so that versatility of design could be attained only at the cost of including a large variety of such shapes in a single set.
It is, accordingly, an object of my invention to provide an improved building element of this character which can be assembled with other, similar elements into many different structures without the use of glue, rivets, bolts or other auxiliary elements.
It is also an object of this invention to provide an element of this character which is free from sharp edges so as to be safely usable by children of all ages.
In accordance with this invention I provide a building element in the form of a fiat disc, preferably of a plastic material having a certain resiliency, into whose periphery radial notches are cut at regular intervals. Advantageously, the notches are arranged in diametrically opposite pairs and are spaced 45 apart. A number of such elements may easily be assembled together to form a structure resembling a truss, with branches running horizontally and vertically as well as diagonally. In order to insure a correct dimensioning of the diagonal links between orthogonal branches, 1 provide at least two sets of notches of different depth staggered in such manner that at least one pair of notches are deeper than the remaining ones. In a specific embodiment, the notches may be ice apparent hereinafter, the depth ratio of notches 12 an 13 is substantially 1: 2
The element 10' of Fig. 2 is similar to the element 10 of Fig. 1, being provided with a center hole 11 and with four pairs of peripheral notches 12, 13 of staggered depth. In this instance, however, the notches 12 and 13 alternate so that two orthogonal notch pairs 13' of greater depth, extending horizontally and vertically in the figure, are separated by two diagonally extending notch pairs 12' of lesser depth. This shape corresponds to that shown in my aforementioned design-patent ap plication Serial No. D. 50,806. Y Figs. 3 and 4 illustrate how a relatively simple structure 100, resembling a section of a truss which in turn may form part of a bridge, a building or the like, isassembled from a number of elements as shown in the preceding figures. The structure 100 comprises a lower tier of vertical discs 10a, 10b, 10c and 10d, an upper tier of alternately deeper and shallower to provide a clover-.
leaf-like appearance similar to that shown in my co-pending design-patent application Serial No. D. 50,806 filed May 8, 1958, and now abandoned.
The invention will be described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a building element embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing a slightly modified element according to the invention;
Fig. 3 is an end-elevational view of a simple structure assembled from several elements of the type shown in Figs. 1 and 2; and
Fig. 4 is a sectional elevation taken on the line 44 of Fig. 3.
The building element 10 shown in Fig. 1 is a fiat disc provided at its center with a hole 11 by which it may be mounted, if desired, on a suitable shaft member (e.g. a pin or a matchstick) to simulate a wheel or the like. The disc 10 is provided with four pairs of diametrically opposite peripheral notches, spaced apart, which include three relatively shallow pairs 12 and one relatively deep pair 13. Preferably, for reasons that will become vertical discs 102, 10] co-planar with the discs of the lower tier, a single horizontal disc 10z interconnecting the discs 10e and 10], two diagonally extending discs 10x and 10y linking the discs 10a, 10 of the upper tier with the outermost discs 10a and 10d of the lower tier, respectively, and three horizontal discs 1014, 10v and 10w interconnecting the discs of the lower tier. It will be seen that each vertical disc Ilia-10f has two of its notches engaged by respective discs (1014-102) lying in planes at right angles to the vertical.
Although the structure 10%) in Figs. 3 and 4 is shown composed of two types of discs respectively similar to those illustrated at 19 and 10' in Figs. 1 and 2, it will be understood that discs of either type alone can be used to form the structure. It is important, however, to note that the horizontal notches of all the vertical discs Illa-10f must be the deep notches 13 or 13' of Figs. 1 and 2 and that the notches of the horizontal connecting discs 10a, 16v, 10w and ltiz in enagement therewith must be of like character; on the other hand, the inclined notches of discs 10a, 10d, 10.2 and 10 engaged by the diagonal discs 10x and 10y, as :well as the occupied notches of these latter discs, must be shallower as indicated at 12 and 12' in Figs. 1 and 2. With a relative dimensioning of these notches in a ratio of /2:1 as indicated above, correct alignment between discs of adjoining tiers (e.g. 10c and 1012) will be insured if each pair of inter-linked discs is brought into engagement for the full depth of its interfitted notches. A very stable structure is thereby produced.
It will be apparent that the truss section illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4 can be extended at will in its own plane, or in horizontal, vertical or inclined planes perpendicular thereto, by attaching further discs to the free notches of the elements already assembled. In some cases the overall design may be such that discs of either the type of Fig. l or that of Fig. 2 will be preferred at particular locations, yet in many instances the two types of discs 10 and 10 will be freely interchangeable. It will thus be seen that I have provided a building element of simple shape which can be assembled into a wide variety of different structures, it being of course understood that minor departures from the specific configurations described and illustrated will be possible. Thus, for example, the number and the spacing of the notches may differ from that illustrated in the drawing, with corresponding change in their relative dimensioning; if, for
M example, the inclined notches 12 in Fig. 1 were separated from the horizontal notches 13 by an angle of 30, their depth ratio should be approximately l: /3/2 (or about 1:1.85), corresponding to the cosine of the enclosed angle. The geometrical relationship underlying this principle has been illustrated in dot-dash lines in Figs. 1 and 2.
I claim:
1. A building element for toy structures comprising a fiat, circular disc provided with radially extending, angularly spaced peripheral notches including a first notch and a second notch separated from each other by an are less than 90, the ratio of the depths ofsaid first and secondnotches being substantially equal to thecosine of said arc.
2. A building element for toy structures comprising a flat, circular disc provided with at least two pairs of diametrically opposite, radially extending peripheral notches, adjacent notches of said pairs enclosing an arc of substantially 45, the ratio of. the: depths of said adjacent'notches being substantially equal tol /2 v3. A building element according to claim 2 wherein the notches of each pair are of equal depth.
4. A building element for toy structures comprising a flat, circular disc provided with eight uniformly spaced radially extending peripheral notches, diametrically op- 4 posite notches being of like depth, at least two pairs of adjacent notches being of difierent depth, the ratio of the depth of said adjacent notches being substantially equal to 1: /2.
5. A building element according to claim 4 wherein one pair of diametrically opposite notches are of greater depth than the remaining notches.
6. A building element according to claim 4 wherein said notches are alternately of greater and, less; depth.
References Cited in the file. of this patent UNITEDv STATES PATENTS 1,894,061 Sanders Jan. 10, 1933 2,633,662 Nelson Apr. 7, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 121,402 Australia Apr. 26, 1946 266,913 Switzerland Feb. 28, 1950
US798931A 1959-03-12 1959-03-12 Building element for toy structures Expired - Lifetime US2984935A (en)

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Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3177611A (en) * 1962-12-31 1965-04-13 George R Beck Snap action disk element for toy structures
US3477188A (en) * 1968-02-19 1969-11-11 Omniversal Design Modular structure
US3687500A (en) * 1969-02-18 1972-08-29 Arthur Aurelius Xaverius Silvi Connecting construction for sheet members
JPS5342798U (en) * 1976-09-16 1978-04-12
US4789370A (en) * 1987-02-11 1988-12-06 Go Images, Inc. Apparatus for interlocking structural elements of toy disks
US5121526A (en) * 1990-08-15 1992-06-16 Eugene R. Burkard Interconnection clip for model structures
USD379052S (en) * 1995-05-25 1997-05-06 Shakespeare Company Cutting line for a rotating line trimmer
US6149487A (en) * 1998-10-14 2000-11-21 Peng; Jung-Chieh Multi-purpose interlocking block
US6422909B2 (en) * 1996-05-31 2002-07-23 Eric Clever Genderless construction system
WO2003004124A1 (en) * 2001-07-04 2003-01-16 Guillermo Mujica Vilar Construction cards
US6592421B1 (en) 1996-05-31 2003-07-15 Eric Clever Totipotent hub for construction toy system
US20050186021A1 (en) * 2004-02-12 2005-08-25 Keith Savas Product Development, Llc Hub and spoke panel connector
ES2288059A1 (en) * 2005-01-24 2007-12-16 Universidad De Granada Educational game dealing with mathematical concepts of different level e.g. trigonometry, is based on geometric properties and formed by multiple cards, which are equal in form and size and different in color
US20120164912A1 (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-06-28 Cal-Side (USA) Ltd. dba Monkey Business Sports Modular toy assembly
US20130344467A1 (en) * 2012-06-20 2013-12-26 Ultimate Recognition, Llc Systems and methods for providing couplable ornaments
US20140030951A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2014-01-30 Maykah, Inc. Miniature customizable room building toy components
US20150224415A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2015-08-13 Maykah, Inc. Miniature customizable room building toy components
US20150239203A1 (en) * 2012-06-20 2015-08-27 Trevor Norcross Systems and methods for providing couplable ornaments
USD751151S1 (en) * 2014-09-23 2016-03-08 Jayne Bromfield Multi angled connector
US9382932B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-07-05 Play From Scratch Llc Connector system
US9458872B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-10-04 Play From Scratch Llc Connector devices
US20160310835A1 (en) * 2014-04-23 2016-10-27 Douglas Shin Kim Word game with multi-sided pieces with notches for interlocking of the pieces at various angles
USD788857S1 (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-06-06 Strottman International, Inc. Linking piece
US20170312646A1 (en) * 2016-04-29 2017-11-02 Yen-Po Chiu Variety Combining Block
USD830549S1 (en) * 2017-07-14 2018-10-09 Daniel A. Wartinbee Nerve sizing device
US10376805B1 (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-08-13 Teng-Kuei Chen Interlocking rotatable assembly
USD863601S1 (en) * 2018-03-27 2019-10-15 Cersai Building Material Co., Ltd. Mosaic tile with notch
US11123650B2 (en) 2019-02-13 2021-09-21 Viahart Llc Interlocking disc toy
USD934112S1 (en) * 2020-07-09 2021-10-26 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941179S1 (en) * 2020-01-12 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941181S1 (en) * 2020-07-09 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941182S1 (en) * 2020-01-12 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941183S1 (en) * 2020-07-09 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941180S1 (en) * 2020-07-09 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD942892S1 (en) * 2019-05-22 2022-02-08 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Shoulder element for posable player card figurine
USD942893S1 (en) * 2019-05-22 2022-02-08 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Shoulder element for posable player card figurine

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1894061A (en) * 1931-04-08 1933-01-10 Reginald E Sanders Toy construction block
CH266913A (en) * 1948-07-28 1950-02-28 Raez Walter Toy building set.
US2633662A (en) * 1950-10-09 1953-04-07 Walter O Nelson Interlocking block

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1894061A (en) * 1931-04-08 1933-01-10 Reginald E Sanders Toy construction block
CH266913A (en) * 1948-07-28 1950-02-28 Raez Walter Toy building set.
US2633662A (en) * 1950-10-09 1953-04-07 Walter O Nelson Interlocking block

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3177611A (en) * 1962-12-31 1965-04-13 George R Beck Snap action disk element for toy structures
US3477188A (en) * 1968-02-19 1969-11-11 Omniversal Design Modular structure
US3687500A (en) * 1969-02-18 1972-08-29 Arthur Aurelius Xaverius Silvi Connecting construction for sheet members
JPS5342798U (en) * 1976-09-16 1978-04-12
US4789370A (en) * 1987-02-11 1988-12-06 Go Images, Inc. Apparatus for interlocking structural elements of toy disks
US5121526A (en) * 1990-08-15 1992-06-16 Eugene R. Burkard Interconnection clip for model structures
WO1993015808A1 (en) * 1990-08-15 1993-08-19 Burkard Eugene R Interconnection clip for model structures
USD379052S (en) * 1995-05-25 1997-05-06 Shakespeare Company Cutting line for a rotating line trimmer
US6592421B1 (en) 1996-05-31 2003-07-15 Eric Clever Totipotent hub for construction toy system
US6422909B2 (en) * 1996-05-31 2002-07-23 Eric Clever Genderless construction system
US6149487A (en) * 1998-10-14 2000-11-21 Peng; Jung-Chieh Multi-purpose interlocking block
WO2003004124A1 (en) * 2001-07-04 2003-01-16 Guillermo Mujica Vilar Construction cards
US20050186021A1 (en) * 2004-02-12 2005-08-25 Keith Savas Product Development, Llc Hub and spoke panel connector
ES2288059A1 (en) * 2005-01-24 2007-12-16 Universidad De Granada Educational game dealing with mathematical concepts of different level e.g. trigonometry, is based on geometric properties and formed by multiple cards, which are equal in form and size and different in color
US20120164912A1 (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-06-28 Cal-Side (USA) Ltd. dba Monkey Business Sports Modular toy assembly
US20130344467A1 (en) * 2012-06-20 2013-12-26 Ultimate Recognition, Llc Systems and methods for providing couplable ornaments
US20150239203A1 (en) * 2012-06-20 2015-08-27 Trevor Norcross Systems and methods for providing couplable ornaments
US20150224415A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2015-08-13 Maykah, Inc. Miniature customizable room building toy components
US20140030951A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2014-01-30 Maykah, Inc. Miniature customizable room building toy components
US9004974B2 (en) * 2012-07-24 2015-04-14 Maykah, Inc. Miniature customizable room building toy components
US9382932B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-07-05 Play From Scratch Llc Connector system
US9458872B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-10-04 Play From Scratch Llc Connector devices
US20160310835A1 (en) * 2014-04-23 2016-10-27 Douglas Shin Kim Word game with multi-sided pieces with notches for interlocking of the pieces at various angles
US10272322B2 (en) * 2014-04-23 2019-04-30 Douglas Shin Kim Word game with multi-sided pieces with notches for interlocking of the pieces at various angles
USD751151S1 (en) * 2014-09-23 2016-03-08 Jayne Bromfield Multi angled connector
USD788857S1 (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-06-06 Strottman International, Inc. Linking piece
US20170312646A1 (en) * 2016-04-29 2017-11-02 Yen-Po Chiu Variety Combining Block
USD830549S1 (en) * 2017-07-14 2018-10-09 Daniel A. Wartinbee Nerve sizing device
USD863601S1 (en) * 2018-03-27 2019-10-15 Cersai Building Material Co., Ltd. Mosaic tile with notch
US10376805B1 (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-08-13 Teng-Kuei Chen Interlocking rotatable assembly
US11123650B2 (en) 2019-02-13 2021-09-21 Viahart Llc Interlocking disc toy
USD942892S1 (en) * 2019-05-22 2022-02-08 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Shoulder element for posable player card figurine
USD942893S1 (en) * 2019-05-22 2022-02-08 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Shoulder element for posable player card figurine
USD941179S1 (en) * 2020-01-12 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941182S1 (en) * 2020-01-12 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD934112S1 (en) * 2020-07-09 2021-10-26 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941181S1 (en) * 2020-07-09 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941183S1 (en) * 2020-07-09 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component
USD941180S1 (en) * 2020-07-09 2022-01-18 Peter Howe Shiang Goh Pop-out toy component

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