US1894061A - Toy construction block - Google Patents

Toy construction block Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1894061A
US1894061A US528470A US52847031A US1894061A US 1894061 A US1894061 A US 1894061A US 528470 A US528470 A US 528470A US 52847031 A US52847031 A US 52847031A US 1894061 A US1894061 A US 1894061A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
blocks
block
tenons
mortises
edge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US528470A
Inventor
Reginald E Sanders
Original Assignee
Reginald E Sanders
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Reginald E Sanders filed Critical Reginald E Sanders
Priority to US528470A priority Critical patent/US1894061A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1894061A publication Critical patent/US1894061A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/04Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts
    • A63H33/06Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements
    • A63H33/08Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements provided with complementary holes, grooves, or protuberances, e.g. dovetails
    • A63H33/084Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements provided with complementary holes, grooves, or protuberances, e.g. dovetails with grooves

Description

TOY CONSTRUCTION BLOCK f ,gnam/Ey;

TUY CONSTRUCTION BLOCK A TTORNEYJ Patented Jau. '10, 1933 UNITED STATES BEGDALD E. SANDERS, F NEENAH, WISCONSIN TOY CONSTRUCTION BLOCK Application med April 8,

This invention relates in general to improvements in toys and particularly to toy construction blocksr Heretofore, toy construction blocks having recesses and projections for interlocking engagement with one another have been .so constructed that the use ofthe blocks is quite limited. This has been caused by the fact that these prior blocks have been formed to 3 permit interconnection with one another only in particular ways. In order to maire a construction block adapted for unlimited use, it is necessary that all edges thereof have a continuous series of relatively small interlocking member so that any two blocks c an be interlocked at any edge and at any point in any edge, and so that they can be interlocked at an les with one another, if deslred. Heretofore, it has been impossible to form a m series of relatively small projections onall edges of wooden construction blocks, in view of the fact that projections extendin transversely to the grain, where the projections are small, have little resistance to breakage.

im Formation of a continuous series of mortises and tenons on all edges of a block also presents the problem of constructing the corners so that when two blocks are joined together in alinenient that there will be no possibility d@ of two tenons being juxtaposed to inder the connection of another block.

lt is a general object of the present invention to provide a series of simple, cheaply constructed, and easily interlocking blocks which may be combined with one another in an endless variety of ways to forni miniature structures, furniture, implements, buildings, vehicles, machines with moving parts and the like,

A further object of this invention is to pro vide wooden construction blocks which embody a series of interlockin projections along all edges thereof, the sai blocks being so constructed as to ermit this formation of @t projections on all si es and still prevent the usual possibility of breakage of certain of the projections.

A further object ofthe invention is to provide construction blocks of uniform thickness, varying in length and width ndenite 1981. Serial No. 588,470.

ratios and formed with a series of mortises and tenons on all edgesso that any edge of one block will inter ook snugly in parallel position orat right angles with any edge of any other block.

A further object of the invention is to rovide construction blocks having all e ges formed with mortises and tenons which extend continuously and uniformly around the block except at certain of the corners, and in which sai corners are soformed as to prevent two tenons from becomin juxtaposed when the two blocks are joined to one another.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide construction blocks in which the mortises and tenons on two edges at right angles with one another are staggered with relation to the mortises and tenons on the other two edges of the block to permit interlocking of one edge of one block with the opposite edge of another block in such a way that the edges of the two'blocks so interlocked are in perfect alignment.

A further object of the invention is to provide construction blocks which may have in addition to the edge inortises and tenons, rows of a ertures within the outline of the blocks which apertures are adapted to snugly receive edge tenons of another block to increase the adaptability of the blocks.

A still further object of the invention is to provide construction blocks formed of pl wood in which the grain of one layer exten s transversely to the grain of an adjacent layer so as to render the interlocking projections or tenons on any side resistant to breakage rWith the above and other objects in view, the invention consists of the improved toyconstruction blocks and all its parts and conibinations as set forth in the claims, and all equivalents thereof. i

ln the accompanying drawings illustrating one complete embodiment of the pre` ferred form of the invention in which the same reference numerals designate the saine parts in all of the views:

Fig. l is a plan view of one type of rectangular block;

Fig. 2 is an edge view thereof;

Fi 3 is a plan view of a block having its lengt equal to the length of the block shown in Fig. 1, and its width one-half of the width of the block of Fig. 1;

Fi 4 is a plan view of a block havin its widt equal to the width of the block in Fig. 1 and its length one-half of the length of said block.

5 is a plan view of a block having a width eqsal to the width of the block of F ig. 3 and a length one-half the length of said block, the area of the blocks shown 1n Fig. 5 being one-fourth of the area of the block of Fi 1 and one-half of the area of the block of Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is an enlarged edge view of one of the blocks, part being shown in section.;

Figs. 7 to 12 inclusive are v1ews showing blocks interconnected with one another 1n a number` of different arrangements.

Figs. 13, 14, and 15 are plan views of dlfferent modified forms of blocks;

Fig. 16 is a front elevational view of a oup of blocks showing how the modified orm ma be assembled;

Fig. 1 is a side view of said group of blocks; and

Fig. 18 is a bottom view thereof.

It is preferred to form all of the blocks from wood inasmuch as said materlal possesses sufficient durability to withstand handling, and has sufficient rigidity to form substantial structures. It is also preferred to utilize plywood as illustrated in i* igs. 2 and 6, and in the drawings three layers are shown, top and bottom layers 15 and 16 which have the grain running in one direction, and an 1nterrnediate layer 17 having the gram running in a transverse direction. The three layers may be united by means of an adhesive or in any other suitable manner.

The blocks are arranged to be made in sets, each set comprising a sufficient number of blocks to make possible the building of rela-y tively complicated structures. The majority of the blocks in the set will be of rectangular shape as shown Figs. 1, 3, and 5, and said rectangular blocks vary in size, the larger blocks being exact multiples 1n area of smaller blocks. For example, the blocks shown in Fig. 1 have twice the area of the blocks of Figs. 3 and 4, and four times the area of the blocks of Fig. 5, and the blocks of Fi 3 and 4 have twice the area of the blocks of ig. 5. By having the blocks formed so that larger ones are exact multiples ofsmaller ones, they are much more adaptable and can be used to form an endless variety of either.

open or closed structures.

An important feature of the invention resides in the fact that each block is formed with a continuous series of alternating mortises 18 and tenons 19 along all edges, said mortises and tenons being relatively small in size. As shown in Fig 2, the thickness of the blocks is substantially equal to the width and depth of the mortises. Furthermore, each of the mortises and tenons is substantially square. With this arrangement, two blocks may be interconnected in planes at right angles to one another, and the ends of the tenons of one block will be Bush with the surface of the other block to make a flush corner construction. Furthermore, by reserving the ratio between the thickness o the blocks and the size of the mortises, the blocks may be interconnected edgewise at right angle to one another as shown in Fig. 11. Due to the uniformity in size of all of the mortises and tenons, there lwill be a snug engagement of one block with another, and this engagemen-tJ will be possible at any point, making the blocks very adaptable.

It is further to be noted that the mortises and tenons extend continuously and uniformly around the blocks except at certain of the corners which are formed in a novel manner to prevent two tenons from being juxtaposed when two blocks are joined to one another with edges in alinement. This corner arrangement, which also aids in obtaining staggering of the tenons on one edge with relation to the tenons on an opposite edge, will be hereinafter described in detail.

Another important feature of the invention resides in the possibility of forming an enclosed or box-like structure as shown in Fig. 9. This brought about by the peculiar arrangement of the mortises and tenons along one edge of a block with relation to the mortises and tenons along the opposite edge. Referring to Fig. 1, it will be noted that the tenons along the upper edge of the block are uniformly staggered with relation to the tenons on the lower edge, and that the tenons on the right hand edge of the block of Fig. l are similarly staggered with relation to the tenons on the left hand edge. This arrangement is brought about by having a single vacant space 20 equal to the size of a single tenon at one corner of the block, by having an angular space 21 at the diagonally opposite corner of the block which is equal to.

the size of three tenons, by having a double space 22 of rectangular form equal to the size of two tenons omitted from another corner, and by having another rectangular space 23 equal to the size of two tenons on the remaining corner of the block, said rectanguiar space 23 extending at right angles to the space 22. The block illustrated in Fig. 4 is provided with a similar arrangement of mortises and tenons to the block of Fig. 1.

It is also necessary, in some of the smaller blocks, to have the corner recesses 21 and 22 reversed in position as shown in Figs. 3 and 5 in order to have the tenons on the end edges work out correctly. With this staggered arrangement, one long edge of the block shown in Fig. 1 may be interlocked with the the same thickness, each block having all edges cut to form a series of uniform, substantially cubical mortises and tenons of equal size on each edge, the mortises and s tenons on one edge being oset from the mortises and tenons on the op osite edge to render each corner of the bloc different vin shape, and the mortises and tenons on the several edges being so arranged with respect to one another that a plurality of the blocks may be 'oined together b means of the mortises and tenons to form c osed box-like structures with flush edges with but one arrangement of mortises and tenons on al1 blocks of the same size.

In testimon whereof, I aix my signature.

R GINALD E. SAl/NDERS.

US528470A 1931-04-08 1931-04-08 Toy construction block Expired - Lifetime US1894061A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US528470A US1894061A (en) 1931-04-08 1931-04-08 Toy construction block

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US528470A US1894061A (en) 1931-04-08 1931-04-08 Toy construction block

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1894061A true US1894061A (en) 1933-01-10

Family

ID=24105802

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US528470A Expired - Lifetime US1894061A (en) 1931-04-08 1931-04-08 Toy construction block

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1894061A (en)

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2558591A (en) * 1948-10-25 1951-06-26 William A Starck Toy construction element
US2751706A (en) * 1953-05-25 1956-06-26 Metal Martin Child's construction toy
US2786301A (en) * 1954-06-11 1957-03-26 Torricelli Creations Inc Educational interlocking building blocks
US2984935A (en) * 1959-03-12 1961-05-23 George R Beck Building element for toy structures
US2988844A (en) * 1958-01-31 1961-06-20 Frimberger Ernst Modular toy structure
US3148477A (en) * 1960-02-05 1964-09-15 Irma Fabrikerne As Building block having flexible ribs to engage a similar block
US3334798A (en) * 1965-03-02 1967-08-08 Corning Glass Works General purpose packing material
US3415007A (en) * 1963-07-26 1968-12-10 August Wilhelm Howe Toy building set
US3442044A (en) * 1964-12-04 1969-05-06 Alessandro Quercetti Construction set with modular elements
US3546807A (en) * 1968-12-05 1970-12-15 August Wilheim Howe Toy building set with interfitting frames and blocks
US3701214A (en) * 1970-12-22 1972-10-31 Kyoikushuppan Co Ltd Flexible, soft, foam resin assembling pieces
US3813841A (en) * 1971-06-25 1974-06-04 S Tsurumi Cuboidal structures
US3894354A (en) * 1973-05-17 1975-07-15 Thomas B Crawley Foldable play building blocks
US4035947A (en) * 1975-08-21 1977-07-19 Burge David A Toy construction set having interconnectible components with interfitting formations
US4055924A (en) * 1976-03-10 1977-11-01 Beaver Jr Emil R Inexpensive and disassemblable structural units
US4569665A (en) * 1984-05-04 1986-02-11 Timothy Belton Play building element
DE3502745A1 (en) * 1985-01-28 1986-07-31 Dietmar Dipl Ing Kaul Base body for toys
FR2589700A1 (en) * 1985-09-27 1987-05-15 Blanchard Philippe Panels intended to be assembled with grates to constitute in particular furniture, and furniture obtained
US4836787A (en) * 1986-04-01 1989-06-06 Boo William O J Construction kit educational aid and toy
FR2791918A1 (en) * 1999-04-12 2000-10-13 Isabelle Millet Expanded plastic foam component assembly system
US6488153B1 (en) * 1997-11-25 2002-12-03 International Business Machines Corporation Cushioning member
WO2004000432A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2003-12-31 Pavol Sandor A simple set of constructional elements
WO2004024271A2 (en) * 2002-09-14 2004-03-25 Jonathan Barnett Modular construction system
US20070129608A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-07 Sandhu Faheem A Access system for minimally invasive spinal surgery
US20090320390A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-12-31 Precision Pet Products Insulation kit for pet enclosure
US20100129138A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-05-27 Lariviere Donald G Captive bolt mechanism and process for structural assembly of planar components
JP2010240310A (en) * 2009-04-09 2010-10-28 Fukumasu Kogyosho:Kk Paper-made assembly member and assembly toy
WO2014134613A1 (en) * 2013-03-01 2014-09-04 Phillips Steven E Modular fixture plate system for positioning a workpiece during a manufacturing and/or inspection process
US20150321115A1 (en) * 2014-05-08 2015-11-12 James Fleet Hower Interlocking Components forming Arbitrary Solids with Complex Curvatures
US9382932B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-07-05 Play From Scratch Llc Connector system
US9458872B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-10-04 Play From Scratch Llc Connector devices
US9517423B1 (en) * 2014-02-13 2016-12-13 Maurice S. Kanbar Revocable Trust Toy construction set
USD792675S1 (en) * 2015-08-12 2017-07-25 Chuck Block House shaped pastry
USD810465S1 (en) * 2016-01-19 2018-02-20 Parallax Group International, Llc Reversible floor mat
USD832933S1 (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-11-06 Sergey Maksimov Construction toy
US10159338B2 (en) * 2013-12-30 2018-12-25 Gunther Wobser Universal piece of furniture consisting of panels
USD878104S1 (en) * 2016-03-01 2020-03-17 Skip Hop, Inc. Play mat set

Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2558591A (en) * 1948-10-25 1951-06-26 William A Starck Toy construction element
US2751706A (en) * 1953-05-25 1956-06-26 Metal Martin Child's construction toy
US2786301A (en) * 1954-06-11 1957-03-26 Torricelli Creations Inc Educational interlocking building blocks
US2988844A (en) * 1958-01-31 1961-06-20 Frimberger Ernst Modular toy structure
US2984935A (en) * 1959-03-12 1961-05-23 George R Beck Building element for toy structures
US3148477A (en) * 1960-02-05 1964-09-15 Irma Fabrikerne As Building block having flexible ribs to engage a similar block
US3415007A (en) * 1963-07-26 1968-12-10 August Wilhelm Howe Toy building set
US3442044A (en) * 1964-12-04 1969-05-06 Alessandro Quercetti Construction set with modular elements
US3334798A (en) * 1965-03-02 1967-08-08 Corning Glass Works General purpose packing material
US3546807A (en) * 1968-12-05 1970-12-15 August Wilheim Howe Toy building set with interfitting frames and blocks
US3701214A (en) * 1970-12-22 1972-10-31 Kyoikushuppan Co Ltd Flexible, soft, foam resin assembling pieces
US3813841A (en) * 1971-06-25 1974-06-04 S Tsurumi Cuboidal structures
US3894354A (en) * 1973-05-17 1975-07-15 Thomas B Crawley Foldable play building blocks
US4035947A (en) * 1975-08-21 1977-07-19 Burge David A Toy construction set having interconnectible components with interfitting formations
US4055924A (en) * 1976-03-10 1977-11-01 Beaver Jr Emil R Inexpensive and disassemblable structural units
US4569665A (en) * 1984-05-04 1986-02-11 Timothy Belton Play building element
DE3502745A1 (en) * 1985-01-28 1986-07-31 Dietmar Dipl Ing Kaul Base body for toys
FR2589700A1 (en) * 1985-09-27 1987-05-15 Blanchard Philippe Panels intended to be assembled with grates to constitute in particular furniture, and furniture obtained
US4836787A (en) * 1986-04-01 1989-06-06 Boo William O J Construction kit educational aid and toy
US6488153B1 (en) * 1997-11-25 2002-12-03 International Business Machines Corporation Cushioning member
FR2791918A1 (en) * 1999-04-12 2000-10-13 Isabelle Millet Expanded plastic foam component assembly system
WO2004000432A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2003-12-31 Pavol Sandor A simple set of constructional elements
WO2004024271A2 (en) * 2002-09-14 2004-03-25 Jonathan Barnett Modular construction system
WO2004024271A3 (en) * 2002-09-14 2004-09-10 Jonathan Barnett Modular construction system
US8480576B2 (en) * 2005-12-07 2013-07-09 Faheem A. Sandhu Access system for minimally invasive spinal surgery
US20070129608A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-07 Sandhu Faheem A Access system for minimally invasive spinal surgery
US9414831B2 (en) 2005-12-07 2016-08-16 Spinal Usa, Inc. Stand-alone access system for minimally invasive spinal surgery
US9918709B2 (en) * 2005-12-07 2018-03-20 Spinal Usa, Inc. Stand-alone access system for minimally invasive spinal surgery
US20170156716A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2017-06-08 Spinal Usa, Inc. Stand-alone access system for minimally invasive spinal surgery
US20090320390A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-12-31 Precision Pet Products Insulation kit for pet enclosure
US20100129138A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-05-27 Lariviere Donald G Captive bolt mechanism and process for structural assembly of planar components
US8434960B2 (en) 2008-11-26 2013-05-07 Applied Minds, Llc Captive bolt mechanism and process for structural assembly of planar components
JP2010240310A (en) * 2009-04-09 2010-10-28 Fukumasu Kogyosho:Kk Paper-made assembly member and assembly toy
EP2961504B1 (en) 2013-03-01 2018-11-28 Steven E. Phillips Modular fixture plate system for positioning a workpiece during a manufacturing and/or inspection process
US10183380B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2019-01-22 Steven E. Phillips Modular fixture plate system for positioning a workpiece during a manufacturing and/or inspection process
WO2014134613A1 (en) * 2013-03-01 2014-09-04 Phillips Steven E Modular fixture plate system for positioning a workpiece during a manufacturing and/or inspection process
US9382932B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-07-05 Play From Scratch Llc Connector system
US9458872B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-10-04 Play From Scratch Llc Connector devices
US10159338B2 (en) * 2013-12-30 2018-12-25 Gunther Wobser Universal piece of furniture consisting of panels
US9517423B1 (en) * 2014-02-13 2016-12-13 Maurice S. Kanbar Revocable Trust Toy construction set
US20150321115A1 (en) * 2014-05-08 2015-11-12 James Fleet Hower Interlocking Components forming Arbitrary Solids with Complex Curvatures
USD792675S1 (en) * 2015-08-12 2017-07-25 Chuck Block House shaped pastry
USD810465S1 (en) * 2016-01-19 2018-02-20 Parallax Group International, Llc Reversible floor mat
USD853150S1 (en) 2016-01-19 2019-07-09 Parallax Group International, Llc Reversible floor mat
USD878104S1 (en) * 2016-03-01 2020-03-17 Skip Hop, Inc. Play mat set
USD832933S1 (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-11-06 Sergey Maksimov Construction toy

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9677228B2 (en) Artificial flagstone for providing a surface with a natural random look
JP2960162B2 (en) Plastic molds for cast concrete
US2027292A (en) Block flooring
US1371619A (en) Toy building-block
CA1309830C (en) Interconnected construction blocks
US5619830A (en) Variably assemblable figurative tiles for games, puzzles, and for covering surfaces
US5987840A (en) Self-aligning block
US1898297A (en) Building blocks
US2204675A (en) Flooring
US4620998A (en) Crescent-shaped polygonal tiles
US2097172A (en) Interlocking joint construction
US4378116A (en) Spatial logical toy
US4128357A (en) Slab-elements for covering the ground
US2809908A (en) Construction panel
RU2535629C1 (en) Element of construction kit (versions) and construction kit
FI57022B (en) Maskeringsduk eller plate och saett att tillverka densamma
US2280071A (en) Laminated flooring
US3034254A (en) Toy building sets and building blocks
CA1112862A (en) Three dimensional design toy
US4164091A (en) Building blocks set
US4115980A (en) Wall system
US5277514A (en) Block for paving and like uses
US9574308B2 (en) Paving slab for forming a random pattern
EP1280587B1 (en) Structural elements and tile sets
US2843971A (en) Construction toy block