US2095046A - Puzzle - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2095046A
US2095046A US43807A US4380735A US2095046A US 2095046 A US2095046 A US 2095046A US 43807 A US43807 A US 43807A US 4380735 A US4380735 A US 4380735A US 2095046 A US2095046 A US 2095046A
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United States
Prior art keywords
discs
puzzle
board
base
disc
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US43807A
Inventor
Wilner Louis
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JACOB D LEVIT
Original Assignee
JACOB D LEVIT
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Publication date
Application filed by JACOB D LEVIT filed Critical JACOB D LEVIT
Priority to US43807A priority Critical patent/US2095046A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2095046A publication Critical patent/US2095046A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/06Patience; Other games for self-amusement
    • A63F9/08Puzzles provided with elements movable in relation, i.e. movably connected, to each other
    • A63F9/0803Two-dimensional puzzles with slideable or rotatable elements or groups of elements, the main configuration remaining unchanged
    • A63F9/0819Two-dimensional puzzles with slideable or rotatable elements or groups of elements, the main configuration remaining unchanged with rotatable non-concentric discs, e.g. gear games
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/06Patience; Other games for self-amusement
    • A63F9/10Two-dimensional jig-saw puzzles

Definitions

  • This invention relates, in general, to puzzles, and particularly to a new form of puzzle wherein correct solution thereof results in transmission of motion through mechanically interlocked puzzle elements.
  • the primary object of the invention resides in the provision of a plurality of discs which are adapted to be rotatably associated with a surface of a base-board, in a practically unlimited numberof motion transmission positions; the solution of the puzzle requiring the association of the discs in peripheral contact relation with each other on the board in such a manner that no one disc may be rotated without also rotating the other discs.
  • Another important object of the invention is to provide a puzzle which is characterized by its inclusion of discs and an endless belt, and which elements may be mechanically coupled for transmission of motion when properly arranged; the puzzle solver during the process of arrangement thereby becoming familiar with some of the laws of rotation and'of gear-trains.
  • Fig. 1 is a plan View of the preferred form of the puzzle device
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the device taken along line 2--2 of Fig. l, and looking in the direction of the arrows,
  • Figs. 3 and 4 are fragmentary plan views, similar to Fig. 1, showing two modifications of the device,
  • Fig. 5 illustrates a modified type of disc securing means
  • Fig. 6 shows a modified type of disc.
  • Fig. 1 the base-board I has bored, or punched, in its face peg-holes 2.
  • Rotatably fixed to the corners of base-board l by means of pegs 3 are discs 4.
  • the channel section of the belt 5 faces inwardly, as shown in Fig. 2, and functions to prevent the belt from slipping off from the discs 4.
  • the board is supplied with a plurality of discs 6, and an equal number of pegs I.
  • the discs 6 all contain axial bores 8.
  • the axial bores B, the shanks of the pegs 1, and the holes 2 in the base-board l are all substantially of the same diameter, as shown in Fig. 2.
  • the discs 6 can be of equal diameter, or their diameters may vary.
  • the holes 2 in the baseboard I may be regularly, or irregularly spaced.
  • the discs 6 are adapted to be rotatablyaifixedto the base-board by means of the pegs 1; the latter :passing through the bores 8 into peg-holes 2.
  • the discs, belt, board, and pegs may be fabricated of any desired material; the latter depending primarily on the 'cost of production of the puzzle.
  • the solution of the puzzle consists in arranging and fixing the discs 6 on the base-board l in peripheral contact relation to discs i, and'to each other.
  • the mechanical association must be such that by rotating any one disc in the'system, all the other discs will also rotate; the puzzle is capable of many solutions.
  • the sections of discs 4 and ii are made slightly thicker at their hubs than at their peripheries; as can be seenin Fig. 12. This provision, however, is not essential to the proper functioning of the device.
  • Fig. 3 there is shown a modification of the invention in which in place of discs 4 there is substituted the gear 9.
  • the channel belt 5 is replaced by endless chain m; and for discs 6 there are substituted toothed wheels
  • gears 9 and Ii and chain H! are matched, so that. the gear teeth will mesh properly with the chain and with each other.
  • Fig. 4 shows another variation of the inventio in which in place of discs 4 there are substituted discs I2 which have peripheral grooves l9. Since the peripheral grooves themselves will maintain the belt in place, instead of the endless belt 5, of channel cross-section, there is utilized an endless belt l3 of a solid cross-section.
  • the numeral IS in Fig. 4 denotes an anti-slip material, as rubber, leather or other like substance, which is applied to the peripheral portions of discs [4. This increases the resistance of the disc-trains to slippage while rotating. The same device may be applied to discs 6.
  • the faces of the discs and gears may be decorated in vari-colored designs and diagrams as indicated on the faces of the discs M in Fig. 4.
  • the endless chain, or belt, may be omitted from the puzzle combination; there will still remain an effective and interesting puzzle. Further, the
  • peg-holes 2 in the base-board I can be eliminated and for peg I there can be substituted the afiixing device'shown in Fig. 5.
  • in Figure 1 indicate the completion of a solution of the puzzle. 7
  • the device in Fig. 5 consists of a head IS, a
  • Fig. 6 is shown still another form of afiixingmeans for a disc.
  • the boss ' is integral with the disc, and is adapted to register with apertures in the board 2.
  • V The invention is not limited to any particular 7 board configuration. There may be used a'triangular, or any other geometrical configuration. Similarly, the term discs is employed as a generic term to include wheelsjof any-n'ature or kind.
  • a support board a pluralityof discs, means for rotatably affixing at least two-of said discs in spaced relation on a face of said board, means mechanically linking said two discs in such a manner that said discs are adapted to rotate in the same directional sense when one I 2.
  • means for rotatably aflixing at least two of said ⁇ discs inspaced relation on a face of said board means comprising a beltdrive mechanically'linkwing -said two discs in such a manner that said discs are adapted to rotate in the same directional sensewhen one of them is rotated, and additional means for rotatably-aflixing a sufficient number of the remainder of said discs to said bores inthe board face, and in; peripheral contact with each other and said twofldiscs, to provide a second mechanical linkage between said two discs such that rotationof anyone ofsaid mechanically linked discs results in: rotation of theothers of the discs in peripheral contact on said face.
  • a base-board a pluralityof discs provided with axial bores, and pins to rotatably fasten the discs to said board, through 7 said holes, in peripheral contact with each other, and auxiliary means for constraining the rotation of at least two ofsaid discs to the same direction.

Description

06 5, 1937. WILNER 2,095,046
- PUZZLE Filed Oct. 7, 1935 INVENTOR. LOUIS WILNER 'BY ATTORNEY.
P'atentecl Oct. 5, 1937 UNITED STATES PUZZLE Louis Wilner, New York, N. Y., assignor of onetenth to Jacob D. Levit, New York, N. Y.
Application October '7, 1935, Serial No. 43,807
3 Claims.
This invention relates, in general, to puzzles, and particularly to a new form of puzzle wherein correct solution thereof results in transmission of motion through mechanically interlocked puzzle elements.
The primary object of the invention resides in the provision of a plurality of discs which are adapted to be rotatably associated with a surface of a base-board, in a practically unlimited numberof motion transmission positions; the solution of the puzzle requiring the association of the discs in peripheral contact relation with each other on the board in such a manner that no one disc may be rotated without also rotating the other discs.
Another important object of the invention is to provide a puzzle which is characterized by its inclusion of discs and an endless belt, and which elements may be mechanically coupled for transmission of motion when properly arranged; the puzzle solver during the process of arrangement thereby becoming familiar with some of the laws of rotation and'of gear-trains.
Additional objects and features of the invention will become apparent from the following specification and the accompanying drawing in which like reference characters refer to like parts in the,
several views, and in which:
Fig. 1 is a plan View of the preferred form of the puzzle device,
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the device taken along line 2--2 of Fig. l, and looking in the direction of the arrows,
Figs. 3 and 4 are fragmentary plan views, similar to Fig. 1, showing two modifications of the device,
Fig. 5 illustrates a modified type of disc securing means,
Fig. 6 shows a modified type of disc.
In Fig. 1 the base-board I has bored, or punched, in its face peg-holes 2. Rotatably fixed to the corners of base-board l by means of pegs 3 are discs 4. An endless belt 5, of channel crosssection, connects the discs 4 so that they may be rotated in unison. The channel section of the belt 5 faces inwardly, as shown in Fig. 2, and functions to prevent the belt from slipping off from the discs 4. The board is supplied with a plurality of discs 6, and an equal number of pegs I. The discs 6 all contain axial bores 8. The axial bores B, the shanks of the pegs 1, and the holes 2 in the base-board l are all substantially of the same diameter, as shown in Fig. 2.
The discs 6 can be of equal diameter, or their diameters may vary. The holes 2 in the baseboard I may be regularly, or irregularly spaced.
The discs 6 are adapted to be rotatablyaifixedto the base-board by means of the pegs 1; the latter :passing through the bores 8 into peg-holes 2.
The discs, belt, board, and pegs may be fabricated of any desired material; the latter depending primarily on the 'cost of production of the puzzle.
The solution of the puzzle consists in arranging and fixing the discs 6 on the base-board l in peripheral contact relation to discs i, and'to each other. The mechanical association must be such that by rotating any one disc in the'system, all the other discs will also rotate; the puzzle is capable of many solutions. To eliminate a certain amount of friction, the sections of discs 4 and ii are made slightly thicker at their hubs than at their peripheries; as can be seenin Fig. 12. This provision, however, is not essential to the proper functioning of the device. In Fig. 3 there is shown a modification of the invention in which in place of discs 4 there is substituted the gear 9. The channel belt 5 is replaced by endless chain m; and for discs 6 there are substituted toothed wheels |l., In all other respects, and in the solution of the puzzle and operation thereof, the device is the same as is shown and described for Fig. 1. Of course, gears 9 and Ii and chain H! are matched, so that. the gear teeth will mesh properly with the chain and with each other. Fig. 4 shows another variation of the inventio in which in place of discs 4 there are substituted discs I2 which have peripheral grooves l9. Since the peripheral grooves themselves will maintain the belt in place, instead of the endless belt 5, of channel cross-section, there is utilized an endless belt l3 of a solid cross-section. The numeral IS in Fig. 4 denotes an anti-slip material, as rubber, leather or other like substance, which is applied to the peripheral portions of discs [4. This increases the resistance of the disc-trains to slippage while rotating. The same device may be applied to discs 6.
In order to make the puzzle more commerciallyv attractive the faces of the discs and gears may be decorated in vari-colored designs and diagrams as indicated on the faces of the discs M in Fig. 4. The endless chain, or belt, may be omitted from the puzzle combination; there will still remain an effective and interesting puzzle. Further, the
peg-holes 2 in the base-board I can be eliminated and for peg I there can be substituted the afiixing device'shown in Fig. 5. The dashed circles 2| in Figure 1 indicate the completion of a solution of the puzzle. 7
The device in Fig. 5 consists of a head IS, a
shank portion I1, whose diameter is substantially that of disc bores 8, and a pin l8, By the use of this pin the possible positions of discs 6, I I or I4 on the face of the base-board become unlimited,
since the discs can be located at random and fixed'to the board merely by pressing the pin I8 into the base-board I through bores 8. In Fig. 6 is shown still another form of afiixingmeans for a disc. The boss 'is integral with the disc, and is adapted to register with apertures in the board 2.
V. The invention is not limited to any particular 7 board configuration. There may be used a'triangular, or any other geometrical configuration. Similarly, the term discs is employed as a generic term to include wheelsjof any-n'ature or kind.
Again, the specific mode of mechanical coupling between the rotatable contacting elements is'ca 'pable of wide'variations; those illustrated here are merely given by way of example.
The operation of the puzzle device disclosed by me herein will be readily understood from the V foregoinggdescription, and it will be seen that I have provideda simple, inexpensive and fefiicient means for carrying out the objects of theinvention. Furthermore, .while I have particularly 7 described the' 'elements best adapted to perform the functions set forth, it is obvious that various changes inform, proportion and in minor details of construction may be resorted to without dey parting from the spirit or sacrificing any of the ;prin'ciples'of the invention.
What- I. claim' is:
,1. In a puzzle device, a support board, a pluralityof discs, means for rotatably affixing at least two-of said discs in spaced relation on a face of said board, means mechanically linking said two discs in such a manner that said discs are adapted to rotate in the same directional sense when one I 2. In a puzzle device, a support board provided r=with a plurality of bores, a plurality of discs,
means for rotatably aflixing at least two of said {discs inspaced relation on a face of said board, means comprising a beltdrive mechanically'linkwing -said two discs in such a manner that said discs are adapted to rotate in the same directional sensewhen one of them is rotated, and additional means for rotatably-aflixing a sufficient number of the remainder of said discs to said bores inthe board face, and in; peripheral contact with each other and said twofldiscs, to provide a second mechanical linkage between said two discs such that rotationof anyone ofsaid mechanically linked discs results in: rotation of theothers of the discs in peripheral contact on said face.
3. In combination; a base-board, a pluralityof discs provided with axial bores, and pins to rotatably fasten the discs to said board, through 7 said holes, in peripheral contact with each other, and auxiliary means for constraining the rotation of at least two ofsaid discs to the same direction.
LOUIS WILNER.
US43807A 1935-10-07 1935-10-07 Puzzle Expired - Lifetime US2095046A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490690A (en) * 1948-06-14 1949-12-06 John H Koch Method for constructing training mock-up
US2545131A (en) * 1946-01-12 1951-03-13 Ayres Waldemar Gear toy
US2692443A (en) * 1950-12-22 1954-10-26 Gaymond E Milligan Gear train demonstrating educational device
US3172666A (en) * 1963-02-08 1965-03-09 Mattel Inc Game for teaching the interrelationships of a plurality of engaged gears
US3193293A (en) * 1962-08-22 1965-07-06 Schaper Mfg Company Inc Game successively utilizing selectively positionable gear playing pieces varying in pitch radii
US3212200A (en) * 1963-09-16 1965-10-19 George L Lundberg Gear device to stimulate interest in mathematics
US4058317A (en) * 1975-06-23 1977-11-15 Mccarthy John Brian Apparatus for playing a board game
FR2517553A1 (en) * 1981-12-04 1983-06-10 Lecart Jean Guy GAME COMBINED WITH THIRTEEN TRIANGLES
US4468033A (en) * 1981-09-14 1984-08-28 Tomy Kogyo Co., Inc. Object transfer toy utilizing gears for component coordination
FR2566281A1 (en) * 1984-06-20 1985-12-27 Lebreton Joseph Game with gears
US4735417A (en) * 1987-06-25 1988-04-05 Gould Murray J Puzzle
US4830374A (en) * 1987-03-02 1989-05-16 Follo Thomas A Simulated baseball game apparatus
US5100142A (en) * 1990-06-29 1992-03-31 Antonio Cannata Puzzle having simultaneously rotating geared elements
US5194031A (en) * 1991-03-07 1993-03-16 Playskool, Inc. Toy gear assembly
US5346420A (en) * 1990-12-11 1994-09-13 Connector Set Limited Partnership Gearing and drive mechanism for construction toy system
US5423707A (en) * 1990-12-11 1995-06-13 Connector Set Limited Partnership Motor installation for construction toy system
WO2006128846A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2006-12-07 Antoni Guasch Gonzalez Game
US7309064B1 (en) 2005-02-18 2007-12-18 Engel Douglas A Puzzle with meshing gear sections
US20080197568A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Thomas Cutrofello Gear puzzle
US20110009028A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2011-01-13 Jonathan M. GURDIN Rotational-magnetic construction set
US9589485B2 (en) 2012-10-22 2017-03-07 Ramon Elder Interactive brake display system
USD791244S1 (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-07-04 Fikst, Llc Gift card gear puzzle
US9987551B2 (en) * 2016-06-03 2018-06-05 Stuart Patrick Alexander Reece Gear-based mechanical puzzle
USD994786S1 (en) * 2022-06-20 2023-08-08 Alexander Krys Puzzle game
USD1013058S1 (en) * 2022-06-20 2024-01-30 Alexander Krys Puzzle box
USD1013057S1 (en) * 2022-06-20 2024-01-30 Alexander Krys Puzzle game

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2545131A (en) * 1946-01-12 1951-03-13 Ayres Waldemar Gear toy
US2490690A (en) * 1948-06-14 1949-12-06 John H Koch Method for constructing training mock-up
US2692443A (en) * 1950-12-22 1954-10-26 Gaymond E Milligan Gear train demonstrating educational device
US3193293A (en) * 1962-08-22 1965-07-06 Schaper Mfg Company Inc Game successively utilizing selectively positionable gear playing pieces varying in pitch radii
US3172666A (en) * 1963-02-08 1965-03-09 Mattel Inc Game for teaching the interrelationships of a plurality of engaged gears
US3212200A (en) * 1963-09-16 1965-10-19 George L Lundberg Gear device to stimulate interest in mathematics
US4058317A (en) * 1975-06-23 1977-11-15 Mccarthy John Brian Apparatus for playing a board game
US4468033A (en) * 1981-09-14 1984-08-28 Tomy Kogyo Co., Inc. Object transfer toy utilizing gears for component coordination
US4483535A (en) * 1981-12-04 1984-11-20 Lecart Jean Guy Triangle combination game
FR2517553A1 (en) * 1981-12-04 1983-06-10 Lecart Jean Guy GAME COMBINED WITH THIRTEEN TRIANGLES
FR2566281A1 (en) * 1984-06-20 1985-12-27 Lebreton Joseph Game with gears
US4830374A (en) * 1987-03-02 1989-05-16 Follo Thomas A Simulated baseball game apparatus
US4735417A (en) * 1987-06-25 1988-04-05 Gould Murray J Puzzle
US5100142A (en) * 1990-06-29 1992-03-31 Antonio Cannata Puzzle having simultaneously rotating geared elements
US5518435A (en) * 1990-12-11 1996-05-21 Connector Set Limited Partnership Motor installation for construction toy system
US5346420A (en) * 1990-12-11 1994-09-13 Connector Set Limited Partnership Gearing and drive mechanism for construction toy system
US5423707A (en) * 1990-12-11 1995-06-13 Connector Set Limited Partnership Motor installation for construction toy system
US5194031A (en) * 1991-03-07 1993-03-16 Playskool, Inc. Toy gear assembly
US7309064B1 (en) 2005-02-18 2007-12-18 Engel Douglas A Puzzle with meshing gear sections
WO2006128846A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2006-12-07 Antoni Guasch Gonzalez Game
US20080197568A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Thomas Cutrofello Gear puzzle
US7604234B2 (en) * 2007-02-15 2009-10-20 Thomas Cutrofello Gear puzzle
US20110009028A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2011-01-13 Jonathan M. GURDIN Rotational-magnetic construction set
US9589485B2 (en) 2012-10-22 2017-03-07 Ramon Elder Interactive brake display system
USD791244S1 (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-07-04 Fikst, Llc Gift card gear puzzle
US9987551B2 (en) * 2016-06-03 2018-06-05 Stuart Patrick Alexander Reece Gear-based mechanical puzzle
USD994786S1 (en) * 2022-06-20 2023-08-08 Alexander Krys Puzzle game
USD1013058S1 (en) * 2022-06-20 2024-01-30 Alexander Krys Puzzle box
USD1013057S1 (en) * 2022-06-20 2024-01-30 Alexander Krys Puzzle game

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