US2715907A - Hair curling shield and applicator - Google Patents

Hair curling shield and applicator Download PDF

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US2715907A
US2715907A US346837A US34683753A US2715907A US 2715907 A US2715907 A US 2715907A US 346837 A US346837 A US 346837A US 34683753 A US34683753 A US 34683753A US 2715907 A US2715907 A US 2715907A
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hair
shield
applicator
shoe
curl
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US346837A
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Harry L Boynton
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Harry L Boynton
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; EQUIPMENT FOR COSMETICS OR COSMETIC TREATMENTS, e.g. FOR MANICURING OR PEDICURING
    • A45D1/00Curling-tongs, i.e. tongs for use when hot; Curling-irons, i.e. irons for use when hot; Accessories therefor
    • A45D1/06Curling-tongs, i.e. tongs for use when hot; Curling-irons, i.e. irons for use when hot; Accessories therefor with two or more jaws

Description

Aug. 23, 1955 H. 1.. BOYNTON 2,715,907
HAIR CURLING SHIELD AND APPLICATOR Filed April 6, 1955 \WnH HIW/H I I l INVENTOR.
Harry Lufioynfozz,
ATTU R N EYE United States Patent Ofiice 2,715,907 Faiented Aug. 23, 1955 HAIR CURLING SHIELD AND APPLICATOR Harry L. Boynton, Burbank, Calif.
Application April 6, 1953, Serial No. 346,837
1 Claim. (Cl. 132-41) This invention relates to devices for curling hair, and in particular a perforated shield or wrapper and an applicator having spring actuated jaws with a roller on one jaw and a shoe on the other whereby with the tongue of the shoe extended through slots in one end of the shield the shield is adapted to be rolled with hair therein and with the ends of the hair gripped between the shoe and roller and whereby upon withdrawing the applicator the rolled shield with the hair therein is retained in position with a hobby pin or the like.
The purpose of this invention is to provide means for rolling hair whereby substantially all of the hair in the roll may be subjected to a hair curling fluid upon application of the fluid to the curl.
Numerous types of hair curlers have been provided, however, with the conventional type of curl it is dilficult for applications of hair curling fluid to reach all of the hair in the curl. With this thought in mind this invention contemplates Wrapping or rolling hair in a flexible perforated shield whereby with the hair rolled in the shield applications of hair curling fluid applied to the individual curl contact all of the hair in the curl.
This curler may also be used successfully in curling hair without compounds or fluids, particularly after shampoos while hair is moist.
The object of this invention is, therefore, to provide means for rolling hair to form a curl in which substantially all hair of the roll is subjected to applications of a hair curling compound or fluid.
Another object of the invention is to provide an applicator for applying a flexible perforated shield to a curl of hair wherein after the curl is formed the applicator is adapted to be easily withdrawn, leaving the formed hair and shield without dislocating the curl.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved hair curling shield and means for rolling hair in the shield in which the shield and applying means are of simple and economical construction.
With these and other objects and advantages in view the invention embodies an applicator comprising substantially parallel jaws with a roll or tube slidably mounted on one jaw and with the other jaw in the form of an arcuate shoe, and an elongated perforated sheet of material providing a shield and adapted to be removably held on the shoe of one of the jaws of the applicator.
Other features and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description taken in connection with the drawing, wherein:
Figure l is a side elevational view illustrating the applicator of the hair curler of this invention.
Figure 2 is a plan view of the applicator shown in Fig. 1 illustrating the shoe of one jaw of the applicator extended through slots of a perforated shield and showing ends of hair extended from one end of the shield, the opposite end of the shield being broken away.
Figure 3 is a View similar to that shown in Fig. 2 showing the hair rolled in the shield.
Figure 4 is an elevational view similar to that shown in Fig. 1 also showing a curl of hair rolled on the jaws of the applicator, wherein the hair is held in coiled position by means of a hobby pin, one side of pin inside the open tube, the other side gripping the outside of shield and coiled hair.
Figure 5 is an elevational view similar to that shown in Fig. 4 showing the applicator partly withdrawn from the shield and curl of hair, and also showing how the tension of the tightly wound shield and hair is relieved by means of drawing the tongue of the shoe from the coil first, leaving the tube loose and free for removal.
Figure 6 is a longitudinal section taken on line 66 of Fig. 2 showing the roll slidably mounted on one of the jaws of the applicator.
Figure 7 is a cross section through the roll and jaw of the applicator, with the parts shown on an enlarged scale said section being taken on line 7-7 of Fig. 6.
Figure 8 is a cross section through the mounting of the jaws of the applicator taken on line 88 of Fig. 4 and also with the parts shown on an enlarged scale.
Figure 9 is a detail illustrating the position of the parts of the curler as the curler is positioned over the ends of hair to be curled.
Figure 10 is a similar view showing the jaws of the applicator closed over the hair.
Figure 11 is a similar view showing the parts rolled to form a curl and showing the roll held with a bobby pin.
Referring now to the drawing wherein like reference characters denote corresponding parts the improved curler of this invention includes an applicator having jaws 10 and 11 with an arcuate shoe 12 extended from the jaw 10, an arcuate plate 13 positioned on the end of the jaw 11 and a roll 14 is slidably mounted on plate 13, and a coil 15 having cross arms 16 and 17 on the ends of which the jaws 10 and 11 are mounted, respectively, and a shield 18 having spaced elongated slots 19 in one end and having perforations 20 in the body thereof.
The shield 18 which is formed of plastic, paper or other suitable flexible material is positioned on the shoe 12 with the shoe extended through the slots 19, as illustrated in Fig. 2 and with the shield carried by the shoe the ends of hair of a curl are positioned between the shield and the roller 14, as illustrated in Fig. 9 whereby upon releasing the cross arms 16 and 17 the spring of the coil 15 urges the shoe over the roller thereby gripping the ends of the hair, as shown in Fig. 10.
With the hair secured in this manner the device is rolled with the roll forming a curl held tightly to the scalp, which is indicated by the numeral 21 in Fig. 3 and with the roll in this position a bobby pin or securing element, as indicated by the numeral 22 is inserted into the tube and over the end of the roll for retaining the parts in the rolled position, as illustrated in Fig. 11 whereby the shoe 12 and roll 14 of the applicator may be easily withdrawn from the curl.
By this means a curl is formed with the hair wrapped between layers of the shield 18 and with the body of the shield perforated applications of hair curling liquid applied to the curl penetrate the shield, contacting substantially all of the hair of the curl.
After withdrawing the applicator from the shield and curl the applicator may be used for forming additional curls such as pin curls, etc. and the hair remains in the curled position until curls are formed and secured.
As shown in Fig. 1 the jaw 10 is secured to the arm 16 with an offset section 23 and the jaw 11 is secured to the arm 17 with a similar section 24. The shoe 12 is provided with a base having a groove 25 in the upper surface and the jaw 10 is secured in the groove, as shown in Fig. 8.
The base of the shoe 12 is also provided with wings 26 and 27 that are positioned to overlap the roller 14 and, as illustrated in Fig. 6 the roller 14 is provided with an inwardly extended flange or knurl 28, at the inner end. The outer end of the roller 14 is left open to accept the bobby pin freely and prevents the roller being displaced from the jaw 11, and inward shoe 13 that acts as position stay while the shoe 27 slides out in advance of the roller or tube 14. The knurl on the inner end of the tube acts as a stop for the shoe 13.
In using the curler, a curl is started, as illustrated in Fig. 9, with the jaw 12 spaced from the roller 14 and with the shoe 12 extended through the slots 19 of the flexible shield 18, and with the ends of the hair positioned between the shield and roller the shoe is released thereby gripping the ends of the hair between the shoe and roller, as shown in Fig. 10 and with the ends of the hair held in this manner the device is rolled, wrapping the hair and shield around the roller 14, as described.
Upon withdrawing the applicator from the curl the shoe 12 is drawn outwardly, as illustrated in Fig. and the plate 13 slides through the roller, to the position in the end of the roller also shown in Fig. 5 and from this position the roller is withdrawn freely from the tightly wound shield of hair.
It will be understood that modifications, within the scope of the appended claim, may be made in the design and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
A hair curling shield and applicator comprising a first and second jaw mounted for movement towards and away from each other, an arcuate shoe secured to said first jaw, an arcuate plate secured to said second jaw, a roller slidably and rotatably mounted on said plate, a pair of arms having portions arranged in criss-crossed relation with respect to each other and extending from said jaws, a coil interconnecting said arms together and defining a handle, a shield having a plurality of spaced parallel slots in one end thereof and said shield being provided with a plurality of perforations in the body thereof, said shield being flexible, a securing element arranged in engagement with said shield when the shield is in rolled position, and said roller extending through said slots, said shoe including a base provided with a groove for receiving said first jaw, the base of the shoe being provided with wings positioned to overlap said roller.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,163,894 Seidel June 27, 1939 2,276,760 Carbonel Mar. 17, 1942 2,308,167 Fulton Jan. 12, 1943 2,652,063 Seyfiarth Sept. 15, 1953
US346837A 1953-04-06 1953-04-06 Hair curling shield and applicator Expired - Lifetime US2715907A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2874705A (en) * 1955-11-29 1959-02-24 Cordelia V Louthan Hair curling device
EP2145557A1 (en) * 2008-07-15 2010-01-20 Seb S.A. Continuous pressure hair styling apparatus

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2163894A (en) * 1938-03-14 1939-06-27 Seidel Clara Hair curler
US2276760A (en) * 1941-04-12 1942-03-17 Mariano E Carbonel Hair curler
US2308167A (en) * 1942-09-12 1943-01-12 Fulton Nell Lola Hair curler
US2652063A (en) * 1950-06-14 1953-09-15 Seyffarth Richard Hair curler and key

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2163894A (en) * 1938-03-14 1939-06-27 Seidel Clara Hair curler
US2276760A (en) * 1941-04-12 1942-03-17 Mariano E Carbonel Hair curler
US2308167A (en) * 1942-09-12 1943-01-12 Fulton Nell Lola Hair curler
US2652063A (en) * 1950-06-14 1953-09-15 Seyffarth Richard Hair curler and key

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2874705A (en) * 1955-11-29 1959-02-24 Cordelia V Louthan Hair curling device
EP2145557A1 (en) * 2008-07-15 2010-01-20 Seb S.A. Continuous pressure hair styling apparatus
US20100012143A1 (en) * 2008-07-15 2010-01-21 Benedicte Simond Hair Styling Appliance with Continuous Pressure

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