US2140857A - Hair curler - Google Patents

Hair curler Download PDF

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US2140857A
US2140857A US53718A US5371835A US2140857A US 2140857 A US2140857 A US 2140857A US 53718 A US53718 A US 53718A US 5371835 A US5371835 A US 5371835A US 2140857 A US2140857 A US 2140857A
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Prior art keywords
hair
tube
curler
jaws
wound
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US53718A
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Gertrude L Smith
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Gertrude L Smith
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; EQUIPMENT FOR COSMETICS OR COSMETIC TREATMENTS, e.g. FOR MANICURING OR PEDICURING
    • A45D2/00Hair-curling or hair-waving appliances ; Appliances for hair dressing treatment not otherwise provided for
    • A45D2/12Hair winders or hair curlers for use parallel to the scalp, i.e. flat-curlers
    • A45D2/14Hair winders or hair curlers for use parallel to the scalp, i.e. flat-curlers of single-piece type, e.g. stiff rods or tubes with or without cord, band, or the like as hair-fastening means

Description

Dec. 20, 1938. 1 SM|TH 2,140,857
` HAIR CURLER Filed DeQ. lO, 1935 I Mmmm m m mm1 lu M;
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X WwW/7777i Patented Dec. 20, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HAIR CURLER Gertrude L. Smith, Los Angeles, Calif. Application December 10, 1935, Serial No. 53,718
1 Claim.
My invention relates to a hair curling device and has for its principal objects, to generally improve upon and simplify the construction of the existing forms of hair curling devices and to pro- 5 vide a hair curler that is relatively simple in construction, inexpensive of manufacture and capable of being readily applied to or removed from the hair.
A further object of my invention is, to provide l a hair curler having a tubular member on which the hair is wound to become set and curled and said tubular member having formed on opposite sides of its wall longitudinally disposed slots for the reception of the end of the strand of hair l that is wound on the tube to be curled and saidtube having associated therewith means for securing the hair after the same has been wound upon the tube.
A further object of my invention is, to provide a hair curler including a tubular member on which the hair is wound to become set and curled and said tubular member being closed at one end and provided at the other end with a removable cap so that said tube in effect provides a container for small hairpi-ns utilized in curling and dressing the hair.
With the foregoing and other objects in view my invention consists in certain novel features of construction and arrangements of parts that will be hereinafter morefully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. l. is a perspective view of one form of my improved hair curler, the same being shown in open position.
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the form of curler illustrated in Fig. 1 and showing the same in closed position to secure a strand of hair that is wound upon the tubular member.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross section taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a side elevational view of a modied form of the curler.
Fig. 5 is a plan view of a further modified form of the curler.
Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section of a modified form of the curling device.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a modified form of the curler, which functions as a container for hairpins or the like.
Fig. 8 is a vertical longitudinal section taken on the line 8-8 of Fig. '7.
Fig. 9 is an elevational View of a modified form of the curler having a pair of pivotally connected spring pressed jaws and a spring clip for retaining the hair that is wound on the curler.
Fig. 10 is a vertical section taken lengthwise through the end portion of the form of curler illustrated in Fig. 9, wherein the jaws are connected by a spring hinge. 5
Fig. 11 is a cross section taken on the line ll-Il of Fig. 9.
Fig. l2 is a side elevational view of a modied construction employing a pair of spring pressed jaws and a resilient hair retaining clip. l0
Fig. 13 is a perspective View of a further modied form of the hair curler.
Fig. 14 is a cross sectional View of the modi fied form oi curler illustrated in Fig. 13 and showing a strand of hair Wound thereupon 15 and secured by a pin.
Fig. 15 is a cross section similar to Fig. 14 and showing a further modified construction.
Referring by numerals to the accompanying drawing and particularly to the construction 20 illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3 inclusive, It designates an open ended tube, preferably formed of metal rubber or rubber composition and formed in the wall thereof at diametrically opposite points and extending from one end toward the other, are longitudinally disposed slots ll, which are designed to receive the end of the strand of hair that is to be Wound on the tube.
Formed through the wall of the tube between the slots ll, are apertures I2, which may 30 be of any desired size and shape and which function vas air circulation openings.
Pivotally connected to the end of the tube opposite the end from which the slots Il start, are the ends of a pair of arms i3 that bow out- 35 wardly away from one another, said arms being formed of resilient metal wire. The length of these arms is approximately equal to the length of the tube it] and carried by the outer connected ends of said arms, is a member la, 40 preferably spherical in form or it may be in the form of a disc and which member is adapted to rest in the open end of the tube from which the slots Il start when the arms are swung over into position to the sides of the tube. 45
In the use of this form of curler, the end of the strand of hair that is to be curled is inserted through slots Il and the tube is then rotated to wind the strand of hair upon the slotted and perforated portion of the tube and when such winding has been accomplished, the spring arms I3 are swung over onto the tube so that they occupy positions at the sides thereof and the member I4 is seated in the corresponding end of the tube. 5.5-
Thus the resilient arms I3 function to clamp the hair that is wound upon the tube and the device remains upon the hair until the same hasbecome set and curled.
In the modied construction illustrated in Fig. 4, a tube I5, preferably of metal, is provided in its wall with oppositely arranged longitudinally extending slots I6, the same extending from one end of the tube toward the other and suitably secured to the end of the tube opposite the end from which the slots start, is an elastic cord II carrying at its outer end a hook I8.
When this form of curler is used the strand of hair, after being passed through the slots I 6 and wound upon the tube I5 in the same manner as previously described, the elastic member I'I is folded lengthwise upon the tube over the strand of hair wound thereupon and the hook I8 is engaged in the end of the tube from which the slots I6 start.
In the modified constructionvillustrated in Fig. 5, a tube I9, preferably of metal, is provided with diametrically opposite longitudinally extending slots 29 and pivotally mounted in the end of the tube opposite the end from which the slots 20 start, are the ends of a pair of arms 2I formed of resilient metal wire. The outer ends of these arms are connected by a cross piece 22.
When this form of curler is used, a strand of hair, after being wound on the tube I9, is held thereon by swinging the arms 2l over onto the tube so that said arms oVerlie the hair that is wound thereon and the cross bar 22 that connects the outer ends of the arms engages the end of the tube from which the slots 29 start, thereby holding the spring arms in position to secure the hair that is wound on the tube.
In the modied construction illustrated in Fig. 6, a tube 23, preferably of metal is provided with diametrically opposite longitudinally disposed slots 2d that extend from one end of said tube toward the other end, said slots being for the reception of the end portion of the strand of hair that is wound on the tube and after the hair has been wound on the tube, a spring hairpin generally known as a bobby pin B is applied to the tube with one leg of said pin on the interior of the tube and the other leg overlying that portion of the hair that is wound on said tube.
Immediately after the curl has been formed on the tube, the curl clamped between the two legs of the pin is withdrawn lengthwise from the tube and the curler is held in position by the pin while becoming dry and set.
In the modified construction illustrated in Figs. 7 and 8, a tube 25, preferably of metal, is closed at one end as designated by 26 and formed in said tube at diametrically opposite points are longitudinally disposed slots 2'I that extend from the open end of the tube toward the closed end. These slots are for the reception of the end of a strand of hair that is wound upon the tube. A cap 28 is removably positioned upon the open end of the tube and thus the latter may serve as a container for hairpins or the like that are used in connection with the tube when the latter is used for hair curling operations.
When the cap 28 is removed for the purpose of permitting the removal of the hairpins from the tube, said cap may be placed on the closed end of the tube as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 8.
In the use of the curler disclosed in Figs. 7 and 8, a strand of hair is curled on the tubing 25 and after the curl has been formed a bobby pin is applied to the curl with one leg inside the tube and the other overlying the curl and the tube is now withdrawn from the curl and pin and the latter holds the curl in proper position while the same is drying.
In the construction illustrated in Fig. 9, a pair of elongated jaws 29 of tubular form, and preferably half round in cross section, are hingedly connected at one end so that the ilat surfaces of the two jaws make direct contact with each other and projecting from the hinged ends of these jaws are short handles 3D.
Associated with the hinge formed between the jaws, is a spring 3| that normally exerts pressure to maintain the jaws in closed relation.
Pivotally connected to the hinged ends of the jaws, is a spring clip comprising arms 32 formed of resilient wire and the outer connected ends of these arms carry a small member 33 either spherical or in the form of a disc.
When this form of curler is used the end of a strand of hair that is to be curled is clamped between the jaws 29 and the latter is rotated to wind the strand of hair upon said jaws. After the hair has thus been wound upon the jaws, the clip or retainer comprising the resilient arms 32, is swung downward so that said arms lie alongside the jaws 29 to engage and retain the hair wound thereupon and the member 33 rests against the ends of the jaws 29, as illustrated by dotted lines in Fig. 9.
In some instances it may be found desirable to construct the form of curler illustrated in Fig. 9 without the clip 32 and to use in connection with the tubular jaws a bobby pin for holding the curl of hair after the same has been formed on the jaws 29, such procedure being similar to the use of the bobby pin in connection with the tubes illustrated in Figs. 6, 7 and 8.
In the modied construction illustrated in Fig. l2, a pair of straight hat jaws 34 are hingedly connected at one end and projecting from the hinged ends of said jaws, are short arms 35. A spring 36 is arranged between the arms and normally exerts pressure so as to hold the jaws in closed position.
The outer ends of the jaws are spread apart to a slight degree as designated by 3'I in order to form a seat for the reception of a ball or disc 38 that is carried by the outer ends of a spring clip or hair clamping member 39, the opposite end of the latter being pivotally connected to the hinged ends of the jaws.
Where this form of hair curler is used, the end of the strand of hair to be curled is clamped between the jaws 34 and said jaws are now rotated to wind a strand of hair thereupon.
To secure the wound hair upon the jaws, the spring clip 39 is moved downward so that its arms lie parallel with the jaws 34 and the member 38 carried by the outer ends of said jaws is engaged in the seat formed by the diverging ends3'I of the jaws.
In the modied construction illustrated in Fig. i3, the wall of the tube d is indented or pressed inwardly at diametrically opposite points between the longitudinally disposed slots 4I to provide longitudinally disposed grooves or channels 42.
When this form of curler is used and a strand of hair is wound upon the tube, one leg of a bobby pin is inserted lengthwise in one of the grooves I2 beneath the overlying portion of the hair and the other leg of the pin overlies the outer surface of the curled portion of the hair. This construction enables the curled portion of the hair to be removed from the tube immediately after the curl is formed and the pin holds the 75 vif curl in shape until the hair becomes dry and set.
In the modified construction illustrated in Fig. l5, a tube 43 is provided with a pair of diametrically opposite longitudinally disposed slots 44 through which passes the end of the strand of hair that is to be curled and formed in the wall of the tube between these slots 44 are longitudinally disposed slots 45 of sufficient width and length to accommodate the legs of a bobby pin.
When a strand of hair has been curled on the tube 43 a bobby pin is applied to the curl with one leg of said pin extending lengthwise through one of the slots 45 and the other leg overlying the curled portion of the hair.
This construction enables the curl to be removed from the tube immediately after it has been formed and the curl is held in shape by the pin until the hair has become dry and set.
Thus it will be seen that I have provided a hair curling device that is relatively simple in construction, inexpensive of manufacture and very effective in performing the functions for which it is intended.
Among the desirable features of my improved hair curler are the tubular body provided with oppositely arranged longitudinally disposed slots for the reception of the end of the strand of hair that is wound upon the tube, further, the simple and convenient means associated with the tube for rmly holding the wound hair on the tube while said hair is becoming dry and set and further, the simplicity of construction which enables the curler to be easily and quickly applied to the hair and removed therefrom after the curled portion of the hair has become dry and set.
A further advantage of my improved construction is, that when applying the end of the strand of hair to the tube and the winding of the hair thereupon, the clip or other means utilized for securing the hair on the tube after being wound thereupon, is extended outwardly from one end of the tube, thereby leaving the entire tube free of all obstructions or parts that might otherwise catch in the hair and interfere with the free winding of the same onto the tube. Further, when the clip or hair retaining means is properly positioned to secure the wound hair upon the tube, a compact structure is provided that may be retained upon the hair conveniently and without discomfort while the curled hair is becoming dry and set.
It will be understood that minor changes in the size, form, and construction of the various parts of my improved hair curler may be made and substituted for those herein shown and described without departing from the spirit of the invention, the scope of which is set forth in the appended claim.
I claim as my invention:
In a hair curler, the combination with a onepiece tube open at both ends and provided at diametrically opposite points with longitudinally disposed slots that are open at one end of said tube and extend a substantial distance throughout the length of said tube toward the opposite end, of a substantially hair-pin shaped member formed of resilient wire, the ends of the legs of which member are pivotally mounted directly in the tube adjacent one end thereof and in longitudinal alignment with the slots in said tube, the legs of said member being bowed outwardly away from the tube so that said member increases in length as the intermediate portions of outwardly bowed legs are flexed toward the tube there being longitudinally disposed rows of perforations formed in the tube between the slots therein, and a spherical member mounted on the connected ends of the legs of said member, and which spherical member is adapted to rest in one end of the tube when the hair-pin shaped member is positioned so that its outwardly bowed legs are disposed adjacent the sides of said tube.
GERTRUDE L. SMITH.
US53718A 1935-12-10 1935-12-10 Hair curler Expired - Lifetime US2140857A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2787275A (en) * 1955-10-06 1957-04-02 Mitchell Rosalia Hair curling device
FR2633165A1 (en) * 1988-06-28 1989-12-29 Assous Charles Curler (roller) for rolling up the hair at a point of its length towards the root
US20070131710A1 (en) * 2005-12-08 2007-06-14 Requardt Charles H Squeeze tube volume reducer

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2787275A (en) * 1955-10-06 1957-04-02 Mitchell Rosalia Hair curling device
FR2633165A1 (en) * 1988-06-28 1989-12-29 Assous Charles Curler (roller) for rolling up the hair at a point of its length towards the root
US20070131710A1 (en) * 2005-12-08 2007-06-14 Requardt Charles H Squeeze tube volume reducer

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